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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 1917. , -SEMI-WEEKLY.
tr-r A ft r A tt : A .XT
RODERICK a MATIIESOX EDITOR
MARCH 20, 1917.
THE ADVERTISER'S SEMI-WEEKLY
Our Treaty Obligations ,
m-rm ' "a,' -' ' , i
To Germany r
X,IIER'VHn-1,'v written recently
X gartl to 4reatjf jibligations to Germany,
the government PthafAuntry having sought to
secure from the American ambassador at Berlin,
before he left, a reaffirmation and even an enlarge
ment of the terms of the, treaty of 1828. , ,'
The facts incidental to the matter liave been con
densed by the Literary Digest as follows T
"In 1828, reafiirming and revising two older
treaties, Prussia and the United States entered
' into a treaty, one of .the articles of which reads!
ABTICLli XXIII. If war should srise between the
two contracting parties, the merchants of either eoun-
try the residing in the other eh nil be allowed nine
months to collect their debt! and settle their affair,
' .'. and may depart freely, .eerryiiff, off all their effect
without molestation or hindrance.
. "Further provisions of this portion of the treaty
relate to the-treatment of women and children,
scholars, fishermen, and artizans carrying on their
peaceful occupations in unfortified places, and also
to the humane treatment of prisoners of war taken
by either sid. The above provisions are clinched
by this general declaration:
Neither the pretense, that war dissolves all treaties,
" nor any other whatever, shall be considered as annul-.
'.;', ling or suspending this or the next preceding article;';
' bat, on the contrary, that the state of war is precise
ly that for which they. are provided, and daring which
they are to be as sacredly observed ss the most
. acknowledged articles Ja the law of nature and of
nations. ; 1 ' ' ' ,'. ',''
Germany has asked tinder this treaty, that; her
citizens be permitted to continue their residence
in America, indefinitely, and that the exemption of
property from,eizure b specifically extended to
German ships in American ports.
Heretofore' it .has .been almost the universal cus
tom to seize ships of the enemy upon the outbreak
of war. ..:..;".',,. '.'.'
. .Germany has already specifically violated other
articles of the' treatyV by reason of which it is
strenuously argued by 6me of the leading Ameri
can papers that the' United .States is released from
its obligations thereunder; on the ground that the
treaty must be construed as a whole, and that Ger
many cannot pick out the portions which are -favorable
to it, and demand their observance, while
violating those .portions which are, for the time be
ing, more. favorable tq the United States. j t.
' Under the circumstancewhat is the duty of the
United State? toward Germany? r'y., f '
From The Advertiser's viewpoint, there isonly
one answer" to this questiort. ' ' v I ' ,
A treaty is1 Contract be'tween two nations, un
der which each binds itself to the other to do, or
not to do, certam things. , . " ;
'. Vhe contract it questipa Is mutual. .
' Each country Aias the legal and moral right, "wir
or no war, to demand that the other shall observe
the contracted long as it itself observes it.
But neither country has cither a legal or moral
right itself to violate the contract and at the same
time bold the other party to its observance.
In other words, even though the two countries
should go to war, so long as Germany continued
to observe all the terms .of the treaty, just so long
would it be bad faith on the part of the United
States not to observe it also. v
If, however, one country violates any part of
the. contract, it thereby gives the other the option
to terminate the whole-contract.
Germany "having violated' certain terms of the
treaty! the United States now has the full legal
right to terminate it entirely; andaccording to the
heretofore' recognized moral standards, it has the
full moral right to do so. 1:'.
, But should the United States ignore the treaty,
and, proceed as though it did not exist?
So far as any "duty" to the government of Ger
-many is concerned, no obligation rests upon the
'United States to act otherwise than as site may
deem in her own interest. . ; .
So far as the duty of the United States to itself;
its people an4 to jthe progress of right and justice
in the world, are concerned, it cannot afford to
- ignore the terms of the treaty, even though Ger
many has done so.
A theory of- general international law has been
that war between two nations immediately ter
minates all .treaties existing between them
should not equally apply to their ships; subject
always' to the power to take and pay for them, in
case of necessity.' . r -
If war conies, the American government will be
at war with the German government, not with in
dividual citizens of Germany." ' "" ' ' v ;
. If 'the principle can be established that private
citizens of an enemy country, who attend solely
to their private affairs, will not. be molested, nor
their property sequestered, the world will have
made a long step toward the ultimate termination
of all war. ',? ' ,'';' S;j -y i.-. :
If, on the other hand, the old policy of "anything
is fair in war" be adopted, that policy, which leads
inevitably to "frightfulness," -.will become estab
lished more firmly than ever. '. .
The time to establish the principle suggested is
when we are at war, not when we are at peace.
The conditions under, -which the principle can
be made a living issue, are ' when provocation
exists, and when the world recognizes that retalia
tion would, according to world standards, be justi
fied. .,.:- '::."' ,'.'.'.
-We have condemned Germany because she
abandoned the principles of equity, justice and hu
manity in Belgium, under the plea that necessity
knows no law. .'''.' '.'. . 1
We are now ourselves on trial '. Shall we follow
Germany's example and take a step backward; or
shall we take a step in advance, and, by force of
example lay the foundation for a new standard of
international law and life? ; -
We trust that the latter policy will be ajp,pted
'" ; . ' -!.';' v ";
lUOl'ESr DIDDER IS;
IIESE are days of superdreadnaughts, super-
Zeppelins, supersubmarines and superbill-
Why Not Here, Too?
boards and the world wouldn't be a bit the worse
off if every one of them were wiped out tomorrow,
says the Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles hasn't
the slightest control over the sea, air and undersea
monsters, but it can say more than a word about
the billboard monstrosities within its gates. And
it is welcome news that steps are to be taken to
get rid of some of them. '
The city attorney has announced that it is in
tended to go ahead with the ordinance under which
it is hoped to eliminate billboards from residential
sections. This ordinance swill be in. line, with that
of Chicago, which recently was upheld by the Uni
ted States Supreme, Court and which requires the
consent of the majority of he frontage in a"block
before a billboard can be located in that block. The
city attorney has stated that Los Angeles will go
further and will make it possible for the ' owners
of a majority of the frontage to protest out already
established billboards. ' . .
. Such ah ordinance cannot be passed too soon.
Billboards are blots which should be erased as
quickly as possible, . They disfigure residence dis
tricts and take away beauty from rural landscapes.
Nnthine- can be said in their favor. Blots them
selves, thev should be blotted out completely,
Some of the residential districts in Los Angeles
are among the most beautiful in the world, but it
would be hard to mention one offhand that is not
robbed of some of its charm by the presence of
billboards. And the worst of it is that many of
them are three-deckers.
Supervisor Larsen's plan to float a municipal
bond issue to construct fifty miles of citypaye-
ments, the idea embracing the repeal of the front-ap-e
tax law. should be sat on at the very beginning
It ought to be time for the taxpayers to be able to
face the fact that the property to be directly bene
fited bv road construction is the property that
nuirht to pav for the road construction. Roads
O a ,
have" to be paid for no matter under what taxation
system they are constructed, and the property
owners have to foot the bills whether in a direct
tax for a particular road or indirectly, to meet in
terest and provide a sinking fund for a general
bond )ssue.. Mr. Larsen's suggestion guarantees
no better nor cheaper roads than the frontage tax
can provide. The main differences between what
we have and what Mr. Larsen suggests is that his
scheme ' will' give the supervisors more contro,
than at present over the spendinc of the people's
nem i . . -
I ...vl ....11 .,.,l,l. n, Miul i t. tr . .r.. T , tf IfWY
n... - : i j r... ii., uiiyiitr u wu -u"- t"-i'v .
. . . ' ! . I K.mtAlt intA Iho irlea that in snmi W3V tnCT
are getting something for nothing. In regard to
the latter, one would think that we had not yet
evolved from the gold brick stage
express purpose tbf ending , the old harshness of
war,: . It was an attempt to differentiate between
a nation and its citizens ; between public and na
tional interests and those of a personal and private
, ; We, of America, have been and are seeking some
better method of settling differences than by kill
ing each other and destroying one another's pro
perty.' Here and now is one of the best opportu
nities which can possibly present itself to prove
that this desire is a real, and not merely a theoreti
cal one. ';''. , v '.'... ''
Germany has adopted such a course of conduct
that we cannot submit thereto, even at the cost
of war; but because we are technically released
from : our treaty obligations, and are technically
free to adopt any course we choose, does not justi
fy us in adopting a career of "frightfulness." or in
lowering the standards which we stood for in time
of peace. '; ' "; ' '
So long .as! German citizens resident among us
do not attempt to antagonize the American govern
ment and its interests, and so long as they continue
to attend quietly to their private affairs, it is sub
mitted that it is not good morals nor good policy
to imprison, eject or molest them or their property.
Nor is there any sound, reason why this policy
Martin Betkouski, the Los Angeles city coup
cillor who a short time ago advised the Honolulu
superviso'rs not to let the newspapers get too in;
quisitivc regarding the working out of administra
tiv'e plans, is now fighting against impeachment
and a' grand 'jury investigation, being accused of
accepting a rake off in a jos Angeles real estate
deal in which the city was the purchaser. er
haps another case of newspaper inquisitivencss,
What Honolulu needs in its territorial adminis
tration is a few Chinamen, apparently. At least
the Chinese government knew exactly what to do
about the German refugee ships in Chinese waters
when relations were broken off.
Secretary Lansing has not yet answered, that
"long cablegram" sent to him Friday , night by
Hans Pinkham, unscr Governor. The secretary is
probably trying to pick out of it whatever the Gov
ernor intended to say. ...
(from Pstarday Advertiser.) V
The defendant's till of eierpttoni
In the case of TokindToshlura vs. M.
Haranaka has been allowed Is the cir
cuit court. ' . it ' ,
Early yesterday worsjntf Msria Gar
cia dislocated her left arm by jumping
from an automobile driven by Charles
Hubert on the I'auos Boad.
Astone Nicholas was arrested on a
eireuit court bench warrant last night
and held pending investigation. He is
alleged to have committed a criminal
assault. : r,
Two. kahala weighing one hundred
pounds each and two alua weighing
eighty-five' and ninety-sii pounds were
brought to the flshmarkflt yesterday af
Mrs." W.' C. Brown, of Stamps, Ar
kansas, sister of Judge Vsugban of the
district court, who has been visiting
here, will leave for the mainland on the
next sailing of th Wilhelmina.
Mayor Ine has signed the resolution
appropriating $3291.76 for road con
struction in Wahiawa and another ap
propriating t.1000 for construction work
on road snd retaining wall on th Tali
H. B. Weller, district sale manager
of th Union Oil Company sailed on th
Great Northern yesterday and will go
to Pasadena, California, to marry Miss
Julia Heebrua of that city. The cere
mony will take plaee March Z4.
The board of supervisor ha been
notified by B. G. Rivenburgh that he
wilt attemnt to aeeuro a right of way
thirty feet wide from Mrs. Nannie B.
Rica for the Kailua Koad from toe
Waimanalo Boad to Kailua Beach.
Henrv Cobb Adams of Kaneoh flled
a claim with the board of supervisors
last night for $2000 for damages to bis
tsro patches by reason 'of flood waters
flooding the land after the city had put
in culverts on th main road adjoining
bi land instead of bridge. ,
Th supreme court yesterday denied
the petition for a rehearing in the
ease of M V. Bcott and others against
EL N. Pilino and others, the suit being
on involving lands in Kona, Hawaii,
and fans been in tha local courts run
ning steadily for the past twenty
years. , ; .
Mantel Abreu. truckman in the em
ploy of'H. Haekfeld Co., died at
VJueen 'a Hospital last 'night, as th re
sult of burn received in tne nre at
th Y. Ahin block. Palama, last week.
Deceased, was thirty-seven years of ag
and married. While delivering ten gal
lons of rasolin at a Japanese store in
the Ahin block the inflammable stuff
exploded through contact with a chr
coal stove, r, ' .,'
(From 8nhday Advertiser.)
Ketnrning to- Washington for further
instructions relating to his official posi
tion, G. A. Chamberlaii, eonsnl general
ot th United State at Lorenzo
Marques, the Portuguba eolony of East
Afrioa: is .now in Honolulu for a few
day, arriving by th Kibcria Mara yes
terday, ! - ' . 4 '
. H. B. Weller, 'district aali manages
of th) Union Oil Company, left on1 the
ureal inorinern xor t-asaaenn, vsji-
rornia. wnere ne win o marneu to aiibs
Julia E. Heebner. daughter of Mrl and
Mrs. S. T. Heebner, or f htlaaeipnia.
Th wedding i announced to tak piae
in the Presbyterian Church, rasadena,
next Saturday. , t , , ... . -. '
fapaneso . Consul-General B Morol
left on an inspection trip to Kahuku
and Lai plantations yesterday, accom
panied Dy secretary jLonao. nt ana ms
secretary spent last night at th Ha
leiwa Hotel and they ar to return
her today. Th purpose or tn eon
sul's trip to th plantations i to in
veatimte th Question of th Japanese
language school at. Kahuku, which has
recently become independent - on th
Uongwanji mission. "
Among the through passengers on the
Siberia Maru i 8. F. Den by, from
Bhandiai on his way to- Washington,
D. C For the Jast fifteen year he
ha been in the customs service of the
Chines government. He is a cousin
of Charles Denby, former American
eonsul-general to China. 'Denby ay
h i known in China a "Colonel Bill
Denby," too man who put the mud in
th Yangtse. He has been eustoms in
spector in twelve different Chines
ports. ,,,-...) . ..
(From llonday 'Advertiser)
Milanio, Fustino, Locus Lorn an a and
jBibero were arrested yesterday and
charged with gambling. . -i .
Louis Banigan announces that he has
terminated his association with . Messrs.
Bmitb, Warren k Button and has
opened Offices for th practise of law
tn th Btangenwald Building.
The board of supervisors of Maul at
a recent meeting decided to contribute
the sum of twenty -five dgllars a month
to th promotion committee. It is re
ported by th Maul New that the
board may later increase this amount.
The fishing launch Ono ha been
.thoroughly overhauled and is now', in
the water again alongside Fisherman's
Wharf. Owner A. W, Neely was. tuning
her tip yesterday,; and expect to rev
sum Ashing operation offshore in a
week or ten. dsy. .' t , , : 'i
Early yesterday morning John Ke, a
resident of Kauai,.' was taken to the
emergency hospital suffering from a
bad eut on the right aid of his face
which necessitated tha taking of
teen stitches, II stated that he had
been struck with a bottle hack of Ka
waiahao Church. ,
Fred B. Keyston, of Keyston Broth'
ers, Ban Francisco, wholesale saddlery
dealers, arrived in Honolulu on the
Paeifie Mail 8. B. Colombia and will
pend , three weeks her on business.
He has mad several trip to Honolulu
before and is no stranger In busioes
circles here. . '
,. ... i'i. '
A UTB 8AVEB.
It is safe to ssy that Chamberlain's
Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy
has savrd the lives f more people and
.relieved more suffering than any other
remedy in existence. It is known all
over the civilised world for its speedy
cure of cramps in th. stomach, diarr
hoea and all intestine pains. For sale
by all dsalers, Benson, , Saute ft, Co.,
agent for Hawaii. . . 'V-
(From Saturday Advertiser.)
Demosthenes Lycurgus, manager of
the Volcano House, Hawaii, is a visitor
in th city.
Mr. and Mr. W. H.' McCormtck. of
2433 Alewa Btreet, welcomed at their
home yesterday the arrival of a son.
Among those sailing 'fW the mainland
on the Orit Northern' yesterday wer
Mrs. I. M. Btainback, wife of the St
tornoy general, and her ton Inghram.
Bev. L. B. Kaumcbetwa. chanlaU of
the house of representatives.' leaves in
the Maun. Kea this afternon on a short
visit to his home in Wsiluku. and will
return from Maut next Tuesday morn
ing, wring nis absence Bev. Bamuel
K. Kamaiopill will offer prayers in the
house of representatives.
(From Sunday Advertiser.) . '"
M. 8. Canario, a long-established resi
dent of Hilo, Is in the city visiting rela
tives ana inenas, ana expects to remain
here two weeks longer.
Jacintho G. Bilva. who has been in
New York for some weeks, is expected
in the Manoa, which is due here front
Ban Francisco on Tuesday. - c
Jules P. Bego returned last Monday
in the Great Northern from a trip to
New York. Mrs. Beno is in Ban
Francisco, where she expect to remain
until the summer. . .
William Watson, of Kaneohe. and
Miss Lissie Moa, of Moiliili, were mar
ried last night by Bev. Bamuel K. Ka
maiopili, assistant pastor of Kaumaka
pili Church, the witnesses being Hilario
Bantiago and Mrs. Annie N. Kennedy.
With Bey. 8. K. Kamaiopili, assistant
pastor of Kaumakapili Church, officiat
ing, John Rawlins, ot Waialae, and Miss
Angelina &. l.ee were married - last
night. ' The witnesses were Tony Nune
and Mis Clytie Lee, sister of the bride.
. (From Mondav. Advertiser) '
Henry D, Wlshard. chairman of the
Lihue Board,' y. Supervisors, was among
the arrivals,- jn, the Kinau yesterday
from Kauai. ' .
Hans Isenberg, president of th Lihue
Plantation Company, Ltd., and ' Kolos
Sugar Company, and wife werti arrivals
yesterday in the Kinan from Nawill-
will, Kauai. ...... ' ,
Mrs. M. D. Howard, mother of Mrs.
W. G. Marshall of Hakalau, Hawaii,
returned to- the Coast in .. the Great
Northern Friday after a stay of six
weeks in the Islands. "' '.
Mr. and Mrs. Albert -B. Wilcox, of
Lihue, Kauai, were among the arrivals
in .the Kinau yesterday for a few days
in the eity .They expect to return to
their Garden Island home shortly.
W. H. Grote, bookkeeper- of Lihue
Store, Lihue, Kauai, was an arrival in
the Kinau yesterday. . He was accom
panied by Mrs. Groe. The eouple will
spend a few days in the city. v
George C. Munro, manager of the
I.anel Company, Ltd., and postmaster
of tbe'Lanai postomce, arrived la the
city yesterday in the steamer Mika-
hala. ..He was accompanied by Mrs.
Munro. ,f IlV. .,- j! f-'.,
Charlie a. nice,' manager or imhv
Bench, Kauai, accompanied Sheriff Wil
liam H, Bice, of Kauai, on hi trip here
in the Kinau yesterday., They expect
to leave shortly , for ft their Garden
island home. ., , ;: : .
Attorney Carl 8. Carlsmlth of Hilo
la In tha anH tnmr ntnrn tn hU
Big' Island horn in the Mauna Kea
tomorruw morning.' While not commit
ting himself,' it is understood that h
eame to Honolulu to represent Hilo in
surance men in connection with Rep
resentative Petrie1 insurance law bill
now before the house.
IN DAWN MOORE CASE
, - A notioe of appeal has been filed by
the Great . Northern Steamship Com
pany in the ease of Dawn Moore, Who
was recently awarded damages in the
amount of $1000 by Judge Vaughan in
a suit brought against the company ia
which wrongful search and detention
in Hilo were alleged.
Attorneys for tbe steamship com'
pany have filed notice of appeal to the
United States court of appeals, ninth
icireuit, in Ban Francisco. The notiee
will some up for consideration in the
federal court this morning. .
Dawn Moore sued the company for
$5000 damages and $750 for additional
expenses. Proctor 'a fees amounting to
$500 were awarded Messrs. . Davie,
Curry and Kemp.
Miss Moore is said to have left Ho
nolulu by the last Matsonia in ex
tremely straitened circumstance.
: MBS. DAYTON
Mrs, Lueretia M, widow of Judge
David Dayton, and eldest daughter of
Thomas A and .Elisabeth W. Thrum
of early Honolulu memory, passed away
last evening at six forty-flv a her
nome. tni city, in her seventy-second
year, after weeks of suffering and fol
lowing SB operation.
Mrs. Dayton was born in Newcastle,
Australia, June 7, 1844, and arrived in
Honolulu nearly sixty-five, years ago.
Kbe was married in 1873 to the late
Judge David Dayton, long connected
with the police department in the mon
archist days with Marshal W, C. Parke.
One son, David K. Dayton, at present
in California, add two daughters in this
eity survive her,' Ells t, wife of Ern
est E. Lyman, snd Iwalani K. Dayton,
principal ot the Maemae Behool,
The funeral services will be at three
6'nloek in private, conducted by Bev.
H. H. Parker, after which tbe body
will be cremated.
Text-books for use in the local Jap
anese language sehools arrived here on
he T. K. K. steamer Siberia Maru last
Baturday. The books have been com
piled by Japanese educators of the. Ter
ritory, helped by Dr. Y. Haga, profes
sor of the Imperial University , of
Tokiq. The text-books will be used
from th next school term, which will
begin next April. , r -
UNDER BRISK FIRE
apanese-Amcrican Contractor Is
, Questioned and No Award .
;r By Supervisors , ,
.' ' r , ' ' ' '.'''('.
To Investigate the. responsibility of
W. Sasall, Japanese and a eitisen, low
est bidder for the contract to' construct
the new $30,00 building at Kaahumanu
school, tn noard or supervisors . Isst
nifht voted to hold a nubile hearinc
Tuesday before awarding the contract.
Sasaki's bid, entered last week, was
$24,980,- lower by $1295 than the live
other bids which were Joseph Neves,
r.L'd.275; ' Henry Fernandea, $2fl,750
Pacific Engineering Company. $20,890:
John Walker, $28,600, and J. U Young,
Supervisor Hollingy-r of the commit
tee on parks, plsygrounds snd schools.
to whom the bids had been referred
asked for the public hearing on Sasa
ki's responsiDinty. us saidi '
liuring tbe last week complaints
have come tome, and the buildinir in
spector that the lowest bidder for the
Kaeburaanif school was not a respon
sible contractor, nor a builder of isxper
Jenee. I ask that this board hold a
public hearing Tuesday, requesting that
the. three lowest bidders be present, to
see if they are' responsible.''
Next friend Present
Charles F. Chillingworth, president of
the senate, who had been an interested
spectator ot the meeting, then made
known the cause of his presence at the
supervisorial deliberations. He aaldt
I am appearing la the interests of
this lowest bidder, as his next friend.
He hss adhered to the proper procedure.
made his bid, given his certified check
and is ready to put up his bond. I
would like to know by what right the
supervisors can halt awarding of the
contract to make an investigation of
his responsibility in this ease any more
than In any other ease.".
Opposition to Hollinger's plan devel
Oped from other quarters, Hollinger
went on to say; ' .v", .
"It is up to this board to see that
the contract ' for this $30,000 school
building goes to the right man. Cili
sens end contractors have come to. me
firotesting tbe award of the bid to this
owest bidder and in -. fairness ' to all
three '.of the low bidders,' we should
hold an .investigation to see that they
get a square deal.".
Cristy Bay Bo r .' r '.
Supervisor Arnold questioned the
right of the board to follow Hollinger's
plan and the latter replied that be had
consulted on the right of tbe board
with Deputy City Attorney Cristy. , t
I don't care what Cristy says'
Arnold replied, "what I want to know
is why we should make this investiga
tion in this ews aay ao tb$'ta!ayiy
otner." . i . j. , u . v '
Cristy Utd that the board had the
right to make the investigation before
awarding any contract and could exer
cise:, tbe right whenever it enose to
look Into the responsibility of a lowest
bidder not only a to his financial re
sponsibility but slso as to his integrity,
experience and ability, . .
Precedent Cited ':
The point was made that an invest!
gation wa mad by the loan fund com-
ission under similar circumstances
when John Wilson and the Lord-Young
company were bidders. -
Uoiunger stated that Allen 4k Bobln-
son and Lowers k Cooke had both ad
vised him that they would not go on
the bond of tbe Japanese and that the
City Mill company had stated ' that
they did not know tbe mas.
Supervisor Logan 1 endorsed Hollin
ger's stand and Hupervisor Hatch sug
gested investigation by a . committee
wttnoor, nearing. eupervisor iarsea
backed i Hollinger saying: '
"This board would be liable to ex
treme public eensnrh if w allow a
stranger to come in and construct so
important a huilding without investi
gating hi responsibility." ' -' i . ',;'
Citixen and Taxpayer v .''.?'; -.
Senator Chillmgwortr pointed ' out
that Basakl is a eitisen bad remarked
that the supervisors did not investi
gate the Ritchie Company before it
was given the Manoa improvement
work contract, adding that, according
to common report, it was lucky that
the supervisors were protected by one
hundred per cent bond instead : of a
fifty per eent one as is now proposed.
Supervisor Horner - stated that he
saw no reason for the Investigation ot
the Japanese and Arnold wanted tbe
entire matter referred from committee
to the board and not a part of it. His
plan waa rejected but he declared that
he would move next Tuesday to have
the whole 'question of the bids referred
back to tbe board.
' . : '
MINES RE-OPENED, ; V
(By The Associated Press)
PETKOJIKAD, March 18. Gold, sil
ver, sine and lead mines in the Altai
mountains which had been abandoned
as exhausted, have been reopened and
found to still eontaiq rich seams of min
erals. ' Exploration of one mine - indi
cates beds of 11,500,000 tons of sine and
lead1, with a considerable proportion of
gold and silver.
. , I . I I '!, I , , . '
Local Writer Gives Vivid Picture
.. ' of. Life of Old In ' 4
HELD AS INSANE
- Ah Boon was locked up at the police
station last night as a supposedly in
sane person. He is suffering from the
delusion that he is a eat and me-owed
and 'caterwauled for an hour or so af
ter being placed in a ' cell. Captain
Fred Iaukea, after 'various ether de
vices bad been resorted to, stopped the
rscket by ordering a saucer of milk,
placed in Ah Boon's cell. At a late
hour last night the demented man was
said to be intently watching a rat-hole
in a corner or bis ceil.
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PAZO OINTMENT ta guaranteed to
cur blind, bleeding; Itching or pro
truding PILES in $ to 14 day or
money .refunded. Manufactured by
th PARIS MEDICINE CO., St. Louis,
U. 8. A.
"The Vanishing Hawaiian" is tha V
subject' of a Vsry interesting articlec
from the pen of Vaughan Mae' ; '
Caiighry, professor at tbe College of , -
HSWsli, appearing in the current rear-
son's Msgasias. The article, in it
entiratv. follows; v '. ', '
western sea lie the. tranquil islands of -Hawaii.
" Between the bold, promon
tories of the Golden Gat and their
palm-girt shores stretches, a' week'of ',
blue serene Pact fie. ' The long comber
chant their eternal fiiapasoa against . .
he encircling reef. ' The shinies coral " -
strand is littered with sea-wrack.. The .
t - - -" " - - ---- ,
beach. "But tbe ' beach is bare -of '
humaa life. The Hawaiian who dwelt
here for a thousand years has pasted. .
link. M.U.Ih..h..l ..aULiM. k
once .nestled under .. tbe shadowy,.
mailing - psims bbvv mil Tiinorr --'
every one. Tbe ancient -Hawaiian waa " :t '
a .beach-lover, a dweller in the low-
the rugged, rainy mounteipe. Up there .
nights too often dreary-cold and rain- ,
drenened. lie Went up Into toe moun
tains, aa occasion required, to tend his ;
uttie plantations of banana, awa, and .
olona; to snare the -coveted bright- '
plumaged birds; to fell the great
trees lor nis war canoes. These were
labors ended, he hastened down to th -
warm lowlands, and to the smiling.
sunny beach. '" i '.
. "Today the riicturvsona villa itas nf '
the olden, golden age are gone forever; '
the modern native is a dweller in ug'y
wooden shacks and cabins, or la tbe ,'
eity slums. There is scarcely a single !
nlHtlma rrra mm Iiaiim la th. vmIiaIa k h L ( .
pelago. The beautifully simple arc hi- :
tecture of tbe -ancient house con-
no. metal); and long grass architecture '
air effective in its simple way as. that' ;
of 'a bid nest, is all forgotten, a lost
rt. , ' ' ; ; .. '.' .;
.."Another vanished Industry-is' the
kapa making. This is ' the famOua ,
.U.W T.. 1 : - ' m. i. -
bush, a tall 4hrub 'of ' th ; mulberry
family, waa cultivated by the men in
little clearings 1 in , the . lower , forest .
region. . They stripped tbe fibrous thin "
bark from tbe waad-like branches,' and '
1 i il. i 1 1 a . . .
womenfolk of the village. .ytj,;
' "It su tllt woman's tm tn alaaaaa .
and macerate the bark, and pound the
narrow sir ins together into a hrantlful .,
ni i i . - - w ,
stained with various primitive dyes
brown, black, pink, or yellow -and a . "-
psiiera worxea upon n witn ' small ;
Hawaii KamKnA (natrnmant. 1. fi ...Inl -
in i those day wa the sound of the
kapa-beatere upon the resonant wood-1 '
en "anvils," ' and the 1 soft-oicd '
rhythmie chanting of ''th women. :. -Pleasant
the sight Of the broad sheets
spread out on the grass to dry. How ' ;
the little naked children crowded round .
the' margin of the 'cloth, ae the won
derful intricate pattern grew under.,
mother's skilful - fingers! ' Year , ago
the introduction of the eheap cotton
eloths of Kncland and America ended "
the kapa-making, and .today 'not a .
single anvil resounds with cheery beat.
"The best fishing-line in th world
was mad in old Hawaii. From the
long, fine 1 fibers of ' the olona were
woven me aeavy lines for tbe deep
sea fishing, the lesser line for th
reef fishing, and the fine eordsge for '
the easting-nets. Much of this old fish-
lag gear has been la use for nearly '
a hundred years, and is as good today
aa th day of it making..- ft durabil- -ity
and excellence are well known to '
all who have had experience in th native-fishing,
yet today the culture of
the olona is abandoned, and the skil
ful handiwork of tbe old regim 1 re
placed by the cheap eot ton- cordage
from abroad. The fishing industry Ft-,
self has passed almost wholly into' tbe . '
hands of the astute and hardworking- '
Oriental, and . the - mod era Hawaiian, '
whose waters teem with fish, contents
himself with a little sporadic reef fish'-
ing, and - with- cheap- canned salmon '
from Puget Bound. ','-' ";
" Gone, too, : ar the great sailing '
canoes, wherewith the ancient Hawsii
ans for over a century maintained in
tercourse across th vast stretches of '
tbe Pacifle with their kinfolk ii th
Bouth Beaa. Lost forever, that extea-: '
im,m. - .1 t . 1 , I . -
whereby they sailed successfully those
trackless seas. . ',-- ...... -. .; . ..',.', .,'..'.
"The old war canoes, hewn from s '
single mighty koa log, and cspable of
carrying a hundred warriors, have long '
ago rotted into oblivion. Were it not
early Kuropean . explorers, one would"
A l.A .1..
uuuui iuv iHiMiuimy 01 suea csnoes,
and aucb a warrior spirit, so greatly
haa tha Hawaiian liC.
- - - - ...v wvuJunu
by the agencies of civilisation. The '
ancient spears arid war-clubs, made of
woou UK iron in weight and Hardness, .: "
hang now in museum cabinets: not .
one may be found among the people
themselves. . ' . " ,
"Of course the arts and crafts as
soclsted with the ancient rule of th
nobility (aUi) have all vanished. Th
manufacture of the royal insignia,
iiiiiciuuiiit Kurgeoua garment ana
helmets of feather-work; the stately
feather kabilia,-P-was under tbe im- .
mediate supervision of tbe royal wom
en. A single feather cape required,
years for completion, sad represented
the feathers of thousands of scarlet -and
golden-yellow birds. Tbs exten
sive stone temples or heiaua, of the old
religious system; tbe carved wood
goqa or the Polynesian pantheon the
great stone walls of , the- royal fish
ponds! the long roadways, paved with
smooth lava boulders; the elaborate .
systems of irrigation ditches, whereby .
tbe mountain streams were diverted
through the countless taro-patehea of .
tbe fertile ' valley floors. all . these
'"'" ueiong i im ancient regime, ,
sud ar now forever gone.' .