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HAWAtfAN- GAZETTE:' TUESDAY. MARCH 20, 1917. 5EMI-WEEKLY.
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TAKES PLACE OF RULE
i OFaBSOLUTE MONARCH
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: .' ' " (Aiciated Presi by Federal Wireles.) . ;
LONDON March 17 The rule of the Romanoffs,' which has con
. tinued since, early in the seventeenth century, came to an end
yesterday and Russia,, the land of autocracy and absolute monarchy,
is on the eve of becoming the world's largest Republic. j
'.. j.;-' Yesterday, shortly after midnight, in his own name and in the
, name of his son, the Czarevitch and heir-apparent, Nicholas- forn
ally abdicated laying down hi tcepter in favof of 'his. younger
-ibrother, the.Graa4 jDuke.MichaeL ' ; i v v- 'i'ii ,
' '; Caf Michael's reign as fuler .of all the-Russias lasted just
fourteen hours. At half-past two yesterday afternoon, in a formal
notice to- the duma, he also abdicated,' thus bringing to an end the
.-".'v -; J V- GRAND DUKE RESTORED . ' , K' ' '
'; before his abdication, Nicholas named the Grand Duke1 Nicholas,
- Ids unci, the .supreme commander of all the Russian forces, thus
restoring him td.the position from which he was degraded a year
Igo Wying,.th? retreat of the Russian army; fr9m Roland. t ;
:. ifliene great tventsj happening in bewildering succession, have
rtyr'red Russia to the or'e and last night there were wild rejoicings
Z ,th,x(Ue'.1andherever in the country -districts, the great news
liad ' nenetrated.' . ". '-':.V "r'.WV- . :1 '
- '.., .., " ". .. FKUVl&JlUNAti uuvjs.KiMMB.rii . ; , ,
V V'-:'-7The overhfttent, pending te meeting of a constitutional con
: Vention.- which will be called a$ sobh as possible; has been voted by
1 ' 1 . . . 1 . .
, .tpe; (Iitha;ihtohe. hinds of an executive committee seiccteu irotn
among the duma membership thiscommittee exercising complete
'cbntrol of all th administrative departments. Acting with this com-
cvueff.,wui vt, tne mempers, ot jne rcvoiuuouary ;nn"ji """u
by the duma on 'Thursday; ,.t '.". '; V-f'-' : .' :.- V
; A' manifesto to this; effect was issued by the duma and last
nighlf was telegraphed to the hyadqtiarters of the army, to be made
known Ad all 'the troops in the
field., ; j 1 :
UNRESTRICTED ) FREEDOM
, ' The complete success of the
revolution ' promises, , to bring
, about the widest reforms in Rus
sia, reforms undreamed of three
Bionths agb Universal -suffrage
. will ba the first right granted to
the people, who will be, for the
.'.first time in Rvissian history, in
. onrestricted freedom. . -;V .
' . Another, liberation which will
; : affect . millions of Russian ; sub-
discriminations against the Jews,
the people of which race will live
nereauer on terms -ot periect
equality with each ot the various
, th.er races making up the Rus-
. 1 - !';' . .
..- .!., Yesterday, as one of hi3 first pf
; ficial acts,: Deputy Kenensky, the
new minister of justice, issued a
declaration conferring full am
, ' veaty en all Ruuiana who took part in
tha reaintanca to the revolutionary
tropt. v . , ,...;, ' . ,
' f1nn.il WtMlw V.vrttmA '. ' " '
' La. night the halla of tha chamber
, . in waicn are ueu rne aesiuona 01 to .
duma wera throaced With a fervid.
ia.. 1 -i.:T-: 1
. mbraciafr, wh'ile a fir eat throng of
.". txeitcd people crowded aronnd .tha
building, eheerinfr tli i deputiea . and
aincioK tha Maraeillaiaa. -
l urrw twniinuri' uw pouw w
atreet ihtibg, few iaolated poHee
uffieera, . who remain loyal to their bid
, aiai,'kvC iated thamiolvaa on
th roofa of houMea, from which van-
(( jioint -they art anipinir tha aol
dir nd atree t guards. The "vol u
tinnUta are retaliatinit by iiuttlnc tha
polioa tn 4atb sa f a at they aa bo
apturrd. :" 1 'vl
V'.T" revolution ia npraadine; rapinlv
nd. without reniotanre. ' Yeaterdoy
aeeording to the reporta whieb . have
. foaahed. rtoekholnt, the earriaonS of
.' OdeM, Kharkov and Kazna and tha
niuaiaipe.1 autboritiea . af theaa citiea
' ava declared far tha revolution
la Petroirrad, : reporta the Betiter
rrepODt'nt, irder evolved out of the
-- - - r -
new KOTernment take hold, with the
mvmpiuim uavKiny vs. vie peun ic?
terday i many parta of tha eity, eom-
. 1. 1 . . .1 . 1 . . v..
, merea recommenced along tha old lin
and .tha normal aenvltiea of the people
-.' wara reaumad '
.Tactions Drop Quarrala
f The rduma, Committee of ; twelve ia
. j'ickiiig up the rein and the duma fac
tion have- put aeide kll dfereaeea un
til tha eouvuulug- of tha oatituiouJ
TV A Tkixr
BXf rm av Bar
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assembly. Early' yesterday It wa an
nounced that the monarchy bad born
only temporarily abolished, but tbe ab
dication yesterday ; afternoon of tha
Grand Duke Michael U taken gen
erally as marking the end of tba uo
narshial inatitatioa in Bussia.
The moit remurkable fea.tir of the
BoHian revolt,, a Beuter'a deirpatcli
aaya. has been the apeed with which
tha people remimed their normal life.
V Order'' haa been tha watchword, and
thia even prevailing among tha imiot
ganiaed, crowda during f ha ' height K
Province I la Una
The eoaneil of nobility baa held ape
elal meethigav la lifteon ' provinoea of
Ruseia sinoo the batbraaW.of the 'revo
lution and has endorsed the revolution
ary rovernmeat. ' Tha old regim 'of
conservatives fans been definitely sup
planted by the liberals. : '
The new minister ef justice. Keren-
skv. is a Socialist: H accepted the
portfolio with the stipulation that Bus-1
sia be given absolute freedom ' of1
speech, plus full amneety for.' all
ebarrjed with political offenses, - - i -v I
The cabinet baa bean chosen , exelua
Ively from present and past members
of the Duma. An exscotive committee
of the Duma has been named in con
junction with, deputise and represent
ative of the workingmen and soldiers.
J)r. Paul Miliikoff, tha, aew foreign
minister, informed the Associated Prs
today that the new regime has abso
lutely determined upon the elimination
of Cxar Nicholas. The cobinet contains
men enjoying the full confidence of the
country, ,,,,,. .' v ' '';--(
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ROMANOFFS HAVE ;
REIGNED SINCE 1613
.". Tho first Bomauoff ,,'aacended th
throne of Biixnia in the year 1013. This
waa Mlchnel liouisnov, who was elected
rt a meeting of ,the boyars. A tUls
time Wladyiduw, of Ptiland, caused
hinni'li' to bo elected also and was able
to hold a kind of authority, In Busala
for two years. But tha Bussiana roe
aguinst him aud lie retired ia 1818,4 , .
Michael died in 1(140 and waa suc
ceeded by hia ou Alexia, who was
in sa of geute disposition and devoted
to the church. His fasts were excessive-
sad caused hi death . in 1070.
Alexia Was tureeeded by his son who;
rnigneiC from 170' to Wi.' ' Bo phi, I
daughter 'of Alexin, had -two brothers,
Ivan anil Pet or, and thoy were declared
joint sovereigns, with JSophla as regent.
goijliia wa regent for seven years.
Ivan died id 1S90 and left Peter tha
sola ruler.' Peter was callod the great
regenerator of Jtuneian and 'was ln
ttruiuental In establislUng many of tha
western customs in Bussia. - In 1717 ba
promulgated the ukase giving ' tha
sovereign the power of appointing bia
Sucre. He died la 1725. 1
After hi Uath, Catherine, the wife
mm mm wa 1 I A : I
-n ' A TVTTiX !
H Ik I t ii - II II
COMMITTEE' IN? CE3
I10VJ IT'S 0BRE00II
MMtlSl RECENTLY. ELECIEDrrCHlEF
raaeocUtca, Tn hy TtUal Wlrala) ,
' EL 1'ABO, March 11 A aew and an
admittedly dangeroua 'combination, haa
ocen formed axninat tha newly-clef ed
fremdeat Carranxa in Uciieov accord-
irjft ta well kutheatleated reporta that
reached here by way of Juarea, These
are to tba effect that General Alvaro
Obrefron, tha ommandvr-ia-ehirf of
tha Carranza foreea ia Northern Mexi
co, has aliened himaelf ia opposition
to hia old chief and Ma become aa ally
of 1'aaeho. Villa. .. ; , '
Obrcsoo, aa a matter of fact, be-
eamea through thia new poKtioal align
ment tba chief of the revolutionary'
factions; and .. brings, into . the Or Id
.gainst Carranaa a number of impor
tant factions. . .f.'-'-' . , . -si
In use reports wera btooch t here ,by
foreign rf URpea, Deoing pat ot. Mexico
before the newest revolution, and are
eon Armed by reports through Mexican
source.- . ' . -.-, . j' '"; -
Bortaa Onarda Actits ' : i . ' v ;' -.
The secret aervice men Of tha United
States all alonr tha border and on
both aidea of the lino ar reported to.
ba watching tha Carman government
(Awci Prwi4 y rsiaral WlrwMal 1
, NEW TOJtK, . March, 170e
man ' airships, probably Zeppelins,
war reported raiding t tba County
of Kent last night, tha raid being
still in . progress when, . foe ' de
spatches from - London, were . re
ceived, : No reports of -rasualtlea or
damages' ha va been teat out by tha
British.., , .V '.'. ..".
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; .. .-. SUNK. BY A MINE
' 'lAMoeiatad tfm fcy reSersl WuralMS.
' LONDON, March. JiftOfflcial-- 4n
houncement' was 'made today that a
destroyer 6t tha bid type strack S mine
in the Englih. Channel and was sunk.
One man was killed and .twenty-eight
are missing, presumed to be drowned.
. ; - ' ,- 1 "' ';': n.;
IRISH EMBARRASS TrlE Ys "i
, ; BRITISH WAR PLANS
': iArmct Tim Br 'eoena Wlrelessl
' LONDON, .. March 10 DiscussW
tha "Irish question". in tba house of
commons, Chancellor of the- Exchequer
Law declared that tba attitude of tha
Irish Nationalists-Juight compel aa ap
peal to the country on the ground that
they are unwilling to permit tha gov
ernment to pursue the war.'
of Peter, ruled Bussia for two feae.
Another Peter, son of the unfortunate
Ab-xia, bocams Czar. Peter cfied ln
1730 of antullui. According to tha will
of Catherine, her daughter. Elieabeth
waa to -take thethrone, fthe. waa in
dolent and cared little to be declared
Tsaritsa.-. However ab waa. made ruler
and lived until 17rtl, when her nephew,
Pe'er, been ma Caar. - , , . .
rtrrt Oerara Cssrina , , ..
U was a grout admirer of Frederick
ths. Great of Prussia. He married
Catherine, a princess of German origin,
hha waa able to affect a revolution and
Peter waa assasaiaated. Catherine a.
cended the throne in 1768, but the
proper hair waa her son PauL Cather
ine died in an apoplectic -lit in 17US
and . waa succeeded by bar aoo PauL
He was an 'unpopular ruler and aeon
found himself at war -with France. -In
1801 he was ' assassinated and Alex
ander I became the ruler of Bussia,
After the conclusion of the Napoleopie
wars, Alexander died in J629. ..- .
Constantine, the next son of Paul,
renounced bia claim to tba throne. Ac
cordingly Nicholas, the next brother,
succeeded. In 1A55 he died and waa
succeeded by his son Alexander II. Jin
18H1 be .was killed by a bund grenade
and hia son Alexander III took the
throne. He died in 181)4 and the pres
ent Ccar, Niuholaa II, his son, assumed
me sovereign inrone or Bussia. ,
Maay Reforms . ; ?
Under Nicholas Unparliamentary
government bega a for Bussia with tha
Duma which opened in St. Petersburg,
(now Petrograd) in May 19W and was
dissolved two months later by imperial
nkase. ' The 'second duma convened ia
March, 1007, but it was dissolved also
on June 10 oa account of it not having
excluded group of social democratic
members, accused of conspiracy against
tne i-zar. The tbird dlma was
organised in, Heptember and it e
eluded from membership, all peasants,
and largely msfranchlaed Bibena. ,re
ducing the membership from 6'H i to
-The present duma' if nof a radical
body, though it haa not hesitated to
take issue with the ministry and ta
now triumphant over Caar sod autoc
racy. ' '. r .
BEST MEDICINE MADE.
- A better medicine can not bo made
thsa Chamberlain's CoUgb Bemedy. It
relieves ln lungt, opens -tba aeorotlons,
aids cxpectorution and assists nature in
restoring' the system to a healthy con
' dition. Besides,' it contains no opiates
and U perfectly snfe to take. For sale
by all dealers, Benson , Smith Co.,
ajeuta f Hawaii, ; : w-. . - .
VJHO DECLARES U
efliciala and arc reporting a number
things indicating the secession of Dbref
noa and hir friends.
Obreeon Is making 'so effort lo chec'
the activities of the .VllUstaa and snl
nvaucrv ion pa . mil jgrwirura uib
resifrnation ak commander in the north
to President Carranaa. , He advance
ill health as a reason both for bia In
activities and for his resignation, ',
V1U Marching On
It is definitely known now, denplte
tha voil of censorship which tha Car
ranxistas . .. hava attempted to draw
ocroKs tha ' bappeninga in" Northern
Mexico, that Villa captured Vnrral, ai
reported, and ia eoatiauiag hia vktori
oua marrb south - towards Chibuabur
City... Uia foreea have completely de
feated tba army of General Marguia.
Yesterday President Wilson aopt 1
not in. response to tba suggestion ol
President clarrsnra that Mexico and
tha United Htates unite in declaring
aa embargo, on munitions and supplier
as . exports, to the belligerents of
Europe. President Wilson statea thai
the United. fctaUs cannot become
iev to the tirononal. ; n
Came f o Cf nf otnicr "VVith Fiftj
Cents" As CapitaM)icd Many
, . . Times a 8fillionalre v j .
y , ' "'" V- -''.'.'
CAsseatatse ftese rsSaral Wireless) '
yiOTTTIt PNt). Jadiana, Marca 17-
iToba M. Stadebaker, the widely knowj
wagon and automobile nunufactnrer
died at v Ma home her earlr this
John Mohler . Studebaker, $r.r, fhr
founder and,' almost to the day of hii
death, tk guiding spirit of tha vehicb
hianufactuipg concern that bears hit
aame, eooHtrurted bia first wagoa be
fore he'waa twentjr.j.j., ; .,..v, .v.'-' '
rMr. Studebaker was I born na;
teitysb,urg,'i'ennNvIvt October 10
1833, tha son of a blacksmith. Ila wai
one of thirteen children, in bia youtl
he moved with the family to Ashland
County, Ohio, and later tu South. Bead
Iadia,pa, which city later became thi
seat ef . the Studebaker Corporation,
-'As part pay for tho privilege of ae
companying-amvexpedition across ihi
plains to California in 1853, Stude
baker gave . tba-Irat wagon he erei
made. Thia party set out westwart
from, South. Bend with young Stude
baker driving the wagon. , , 'i ,
Half DolUr Oapital -' r
.. Whem tbe train- leaded hint at Hang
tow a, now Placerville,- California, th
young man 'a capital consisted of flftj
eats. , - He set about making - wheel
barrowa for a man named Hiaea. Hi
made them- so well that ba came to :bf
called "Wheelbarrow" Studebaker. 1
Returning to PlaeerviUe ia 1912 tor
a visit Mr. Studebaker was ruest at t
banquet given by the few of his oK
Uaagtowa comrades that remained.
, "It took me a long time to make
that first wheelbarrow," he said oi
that occasion. . 44 And why shoulda'
ill All Hiuea gave me -was-a ricket;
aw and some pitch pine planks. I"i
never forget that first ' wheelbarrow
Himis came over, -looked at it aloaely
walked around it a couple ef.timee and
naked ma what it waa." . ' v., ;
i Stu f jaker, how ever, became aq. pro
fleWat in hia work that in hia five yean
atay in Califorai he waa abU to sav.
13,000. With this be returned to Sunt)
Band la 1898, purehaeed tbe intercs
of one of hia brothers in a wagon skat
and founded the Armjf C. J. M
mudebaker. As the years t went , or
Mr. Studebaker extend4 greatly tbi
scope of hi .buaiaeee . in automobile
building and also became intereatod ii
banking. ; .(. ., j. ..,;'
i On bia eightieth tdrtbday anniver
ary, October 10, 1913, Mr. Stodebakei
.held a reception to his employes at th
South Bend, plant, and against the ad
vice of bia physician, shook bands wit
each of the 3,000 mil,;, s ! ,; ' '
la his eighty-second .' yeat be at II
.was chairman of tbe Stwdcbaker Cot
poration and said he expected to "n
main ia biirness" until be died. He wa
down st the South Bend plant prae
tifKlly every work-day of the year, a'
riving there at seven in the mornlnp
two hours abend of bia clerks. i '
. On Jan. 18li0, Mr. -Studebaker mar
rled. Mare J. Stall, the daughter of '
t farmer living near South Bend, In
disss; '' From, thia union there werv
born thren daughters and John hi. Sto
debaker Jr. , : - f .''
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HAWAIIAN APPOINTMENTS '
- CONFIRMED BY, SENATE
t rAsMelntsV rrsss by ycdersl Wireless) '
WASHINGTON, March 17 Tbe sen
'itc yextrrday and on Tbursday took up
he eoiifirmctlon of Hawaiian nomina
tion, yer4orday confirming Colonel Cur
tis P. Inuken as secretary of the terri
tory; Joseph B. Polndexter of Montana,
ft federal Judge; Hastinga MoAdaui, of
JJUnonrl.' as postmaster of 'Honolulu,'
William Miner, as postmaster at
Wel?eb. v ''" ' '.. . ' ' ' . i
On' lThurcTay S. ,B. Kemp' was eom-ffruMd-aa
a eireuit judge, fit Oak a. '
Refinery Strikes and Cuban Re
volt Continue To Domi
nate Trade v
Strike In lastera refineries, the re-
.olt and tho destruction of anirar id
varehousee and cane In the' fields In
Cuba, Jack' of shipping facilities and
the lack of storage room in New tork
combined for a Continuance of ?he dis-
turbiVg eletnents' dominating the New
forkjsugnr market according to a lat
er to a Noeal stioar house from its cor-
ndot reviewing the situation iid
to Aiaren X. . . ; -
This authority confirms the recent
tabled advjcea that the Cuban crop
iH fall far under early stjmates. He
Igtfree that.the 117 erop for the entire
land will hardly reach the same g-
nree aa last year 3.007.815 loan tone.
be letter onder date of March 2 fol-
week has gone by but
without any aporeoiable relief from
he very unusual and disturbing ele
ncnts of. pant weeks. The American
ind Howell refineries claim to be gred
tally increasing their output as the new
ends become more proficient, but aa an
iffsei, the- Arbuekle refinery haa been
tdded to the lir-t of plants abut down
wing to strikes.,
llotlng Ia Philadelphia
."Kioting in Philadelphia haa been
lmost a dally occurrence. The only
efiurrs here who appear ta be- free
Vom strike influences are the Federal
nd National at .YonRera and Warner.
"The Federal ie anid . today to be
rilling to pay 4 cents C. F. for
-rompt oa March Cubns, but is is gen
rally believed that the bulk of tbe
nticipnted shipments from Cuba for
this, month are sold. Those 'who have
ot aold to reiiners and for obvious rea
ess went to. get tboir augare away
rom Cuba, especially ainee the report
f 18,500 bags in warehoase at Nne
'itas having bee a set on fire1 and de
stroyed by the rebels, are confronted
Vitb another disturbing fact and that
I tha owing to failures of steamers to
ppear for outward freight beaoe to Eu
ope there ie abeolutely no -, storage
oom available in this port. -;
., "Shippers are,- therefore, likely- to
' ad themselves saddled with demur
age or ompelkd to sell their sugars
' t distress ' pripa. ,Vov; '
taw Stock Iacreaaa ", ,' '
" Stock e of raws in, Atlantie ports
have steadily increased end are now al
nose double what they were at this
.late last year.' ; i, ,' v' - r ' :'
' A4 Aa . was - to be expected, the de
feated rebels av, it la said,' resorted
O burning the cane standing uacut and
veil disposed eane cutters are afraid
o venture into the field a except within
Jertain b6urs. ''v ' , ;,.
"'Speculator - interests nave been
tuying this .week at 4 cents f. o. ,b.
3uba to tha extent of 10,000 tons but
ome of tbia is no doubt the work of
exchange Operators. Aa freights are
pjuted about SO events this price mean
i ent C. F.
, Figures from Cuba for the week end
ng Pebruary ;24 -are quite unreliable
iut, such aa they are, they are given
a, tons, as' follows;
' -r Himely .' Ouma
Six Port Six Port
leceipts . ,.10(1,000 - '102,240
xports 59,500 58,780
stock . ............217,000 , 217,601
fcntral . 180 r ,, ; t
Jxports -North Hat-. V
teres 118,500 7159
Jxports New Or-
leans . ........... 14,000 16,590
Exports Oalveaton. . . 3,000 ,
Exports Europe .... 3400 14,540
" Exports from , outporta are esti
nated t 30,500 tons. '
tope Oone of Becerd Crop
"The weather continue' favorable
jid telegraphic advices from Cube
ltte that ninety per cent of tbe fas
orie are working undisturbed and
hat :promineat rebels are either aur
endering or negotiating through Uni
d. States naval officers with a view o'
be aame end. -
'AH hope of a record erop seems now
o be abandoned and if the same flg
iree as last year are reached many will
be aurpriaed.' -- . ' .
"Befioed augar is quoted from never,
eenta to eight cents bams, which, eon
Ideriag the price of raws, is quite aa
fnwarranted margin, but refiners arc
discouraging business as much as poi
tible in the hope that things will aoon
"The American ba published in al
be newspaper quite an elaborate drf
fense of their attitude to the strike
ud asking consumer not to be alarmed
ad .to purchase only their ImmediaV
'equlremeut so long as the present sit
cation hints. .-Grocers are selling min
mum quantities to their customers at
1 :r charging from nine ceata per pound
p." '- . ' "' ':
!.- '' mmm '. ...' ''".; ' ,
SLEEPS WITH HIS ATHERS
' (8Misl CaUscrs to Mlppa Jtjl.) '
TOKIO, March 17 Alien Y. Yam
I, well known author and hlatoriaa of
apae. ied yesterday st his residence
W He was the assistant editor of
he Knkumin Shinbun, published in this
eity for many years, and spent hi
line wrltlug books of history after
caving the newspaper. He was fifty
four years old when be died.
ONLY VICTIM YESTERDAY
1 rodH4 Wrus B Tmitrml W1r.l.t
NEW YOBK, March 17 The Norwe
gian Davanger, one of the atcamera
built for the Norse interests on the
I'nilfie Coast of the United State last
year was a victim of a submarine in
he war zone yesterday. She had sailed
far ttotterdam .from this port. The
crew l reported to be aaved. '
Y.r:i;.. ) ..r ;:;;.( !
Stronghold of Germans defending'
Peronne Captured Alter ;v
, . v. ; Hard Battling :
(AMocinU rM f rsdsral Wifeless)
NEW YOBK, March 17 Tbe vlc-
torioua smashee of the British on the
western front, continue and yesterday
practically the whole of tbe strong de
fense created by the German in the
St. Pierre Yeast wood fell before the
British attacks. . j
In addition to the advance made
against the Germans in this stubborn
salient, against which the French sol
dier dashed themselves in vain Inst
fall, the British gained trenchra along
a three thousand yard front both on
tbe north and south of the wood
1'hese gains threaten to shake loose
the hold of the Germans oa the im
portant positions at-Peronne, which
are now In danger of being flanked by
the British to tho north and by the
Trench; to the south. ' Peronne is the
objective marked out for themselves by
ie French In the Homme offensive be
gun last July, just as Bapnume was the.
Hrltisn object a tie gained. It appear
now that the British, who have gradual
ly taken over more and more of the
French lines on thia front, will capture
both objectives within' a very short
time nnd be ia a position to endanger
tho Tentnns along the entire length
of the Noyana salient.- j - .
Mftar Air Battle . . '
During the operation before Peronne
vesterday there were a number of air
Wiles, during the coarse of which the
British aviator shot down seven Ger
man - machine without" losing one ;of
their own. - , , - v
French - offensive further to , lh
south and Germs a raids against tbe
British near Arm marked the othot
lighting .on the .western front yester
day. In their raids, Berlin - report
tbst th Germane netted prisoners and
machine guns, : - ' , .J . :
' '.The ' French scored aubstantial ad
vances on both banks of the Avre and
In the-. Champagne district made' a
surprise attack upon the German poni
tioaa east of the Butte da Souain, en
tering the German lines, taking prison
era atd - destroying the trenches , -and
dugouts. ' '. . ' , . : , .-' : ;
: Un tbe Macedonian front, according
to the Berlin report, tbe French werr
thrown back in tbeir attaeka, enterlnp
the Teuton linea at one point and being
dislodged there Dy counter attaofcs.-j
' ' , . s , . e " - '
.' - '.-,: : ' - r - -"i V
(AssocUtad Press ay Fsderst Wlrslsssl
LONDON, March 17 In the Tigrl
Valley the, retreat of the Turk con
tinues, the British. driving them north
in a rout, whiclo , the- Bussian arc
steadily' advancing from- the Persijan
frontier and threatening to bring tbe
maid - Turkish army into a trap J rpro
which th only escape will be to sur
render. . ' . v ,'
Yesterday afternoon it wa reported
in tbe despatches from General Maude
that the British had entered and occu
pied the town of Bakubah. on the right
bank' of the Biver Diala, thirty mile
northeast of Bagdad. Last night Ire
torts came from tbe British advance
it a point five mile further north. ?
. The . Buseians are advancing west
ward from Kennanshah. driving tbe
Turkish rear guards aba hurrying the
retreating columns. . , j -
CHINESE ENVOY HAS , ;M
M ' MESSAGE FOR MIKADO
, - (SpsoUl Cshkiraia to Mlppa Jljl ) f
iivrtrt r.. w i T urAnM n.i TT
iKjrxiy! di.i.r.-n ,1-7-n uvu( i.h. x wue
nvoy of the Chinese Republic, called
pon Premier Count Tereuchi yeaterday
-t the latter 'a official residence and ar
angrmentM were made for a call at tbe
rmtkpri.'.l lnliien. therA'. in nreaMnt. f
rnosfspe. from the Chinese President to
Good Health MskeSi
a Happy Home
Good health makes Housework easy.
Bad health take all happiness put of
. Hosts of good women and good moth
r drug along In daily mUery, back
tcbing, worried, "blue." tired and
. rorn, bocause they don t know what
tils them or what to da for it. i
These sums troubles come with weak
Udncya, and, if the kidney action is
listressingly disordered, there should be
10 doubt that the kidney need help.
- Get a box of Doan'a Backache Kid
ney Pills. They are safe and reliable.
They have helped thousands of dis
"When Your Back is Lame-r Remem
ber the Name." Don't simply ask for
a kidney remedy ask. distinctly for
Doan'a Backach Kidney Pills nr.. I take
ao ether, Doan'a Backache Kldnev
Pill are old by all druggist nn.l
store-keepers, at 60e a box, (six boxes
z.nu) or win oe matieo; n receipt ot
priii by the Hollister Drug Co., or Ben
son, Smith A Co., agent for the Hawa
iian Islands. '..
4 l .,
ptii I. innnifin
01 ILL LUUI.IIUtl
Government. Board In All Night
Conference With Managers and
- Union Men Fail To Secure Any
Agreement To Suspend Action
PRESIDENT APPEALS v '
TO HEIR PATRIOTISM
Rises From Sick 'Bed To Meet
EmergencyNatlonar Guards '
of All States Are Notified To
Hold Themselves In Readiness
(AssedaU Tnu By reral Wlrslsss) ' .
TkTEW YORK, March. 17
a. i t iwotwcnty a. m.) at,
two o'clock thia morning the medi-
atora named by. President Vilson
to confer with the railroad execu
tive anrV tVi VtmA nf th.m Krnthr.
hoods of railway trainmen, ia an.
effort . to avert the threatened
strike were , still in session here
with the Yailroad heads. The
brotherhood chiefs left the confer
ence hall at a few minutes earlier.
, Scrretarv fif the) Interior Tan.
who heads the government dele
gation, announced that there had
occn no conclusion reacnea ana .
at ther7 would be no further
Throughout .yesterday the'
brotherhood officials continued to
prepare for the Strike, which is
icheJuled to commence at six
o'clock this evenin?. ' desoite the
ippeal "of ,lie' President in the
MttMV V SMJ IViltHIU ,''-'
; . - NATIONAL CRISIS ,
i ne appeal vt tne t resiucnt was
addressed jointly to the railroad
managements ,and to ; the rail
road unions, calling upon ' both
to show themselves patriots at
this . extreme crisis in the na-tibnJs-history
, and to reopen the
issues . in .. such a '. way as
to' allow of arbitration . or
eompromtse nd to prevent the exeeu-'
tion of the strike order. "In this time -it
national peril, i' declared tbe Presi
dent,' -' personal and . factional gains
should not be, weighed against the in-
. Tl, 1 1 ' til 1 a
'. The President rose from a ale5cbod
o deul wtih the emergency and called -a
meeting, of the eabinet to approve
if the plan to appoint the council of'
rnntionul defense as a board of media
tion to work for a possible compromise:
On this board. are Secretaries Lane,'
Wibwa, Daniels and Daneil Willurd and
Samul H (InmtiAH The Ahnitman nC
'he council, immediately after the meet-
,ng of the eabinet, got into commuiuca- .
tion with tbe brotherhood chiefs and
the railroad managers and urged a con
ference hero. ' ' : '
Several managers were about to de
part for the West -when, new of the .
coming of tbe committee was recjrived.
W. Q. Lee, of the brotherhood of train
men, announced that he bad received
a message asking tbe brotherhood chiefs
'o reaiaia until the arrival of the com
mittee. He said be would remuin to
hear the proposition,, but "meantime
there will be no change lu the situation."..--'-,
' Meanwbilo the railways throughout
'he country continued to aanounea
freight embargoes, also in Canada.
' Kopoits . frcin . various parts of the :
oumry, aiHiiugers siuu imi evening in
dicate on organised withdrawal of
wine employes from ths brotherhood 'a
ILTCcmmit to strike.' The brothnrknml
biofs denied this. ;
Tbo conference began' .last , nlirht.
Vith Soerrturies Lnna jtml U'Piaii
Daniel Willard of Baltimore, Ohio,
recent, Mr,, Oonipers-fulled to ar
rive in time. Eliaha Lee, of the rail- ;
road mnuger' committee, entered the.
oufereiice at a quarter past one thi
morning., - '
The President continues to hope that
refison and patriotism will prevail and -that
the strike will be railed off at tho
last minute, but he ia weighing tho
alternatives., Ha appreciates the fct
that he may be called upon to take
drastic action and he has already in
tructod the war department to send
out, instructions to the various statu
adjutant-generals, notifying thene offi
cial of wlmt mny be expected of them
ut any time, if (he federal authoritios
issue a call,
Keports from Chicago this morning
state that tha division chairmen of ti
four brotherhoods mot there lust night
to ratify the strike urder mid to p.
pare for the walkout due tonight.
RCLAFF HEADS THE
7 SUGAR MANUFACTURERS
:t lAssoelstsa Writs' TedrM Wlr.l., ;
CHICAGO. March 17 IL II. Rulnff
of Denver waa yesterday elected '
'president of the Sugar Manufacturer