Newspaper Page Text
Per ton In Hawaii Not
INCREASES HERE NOT AS
-GREAT AS IN, CUBAN MILLS
. . . .''. . .. (
Freivhts," Latior Equipment and
r : V Fuc! Costs Rise Rapidly
In Island Republic ,;:
-r''-. W1ii!. Hawk!! . oat; of producing
rune augar is planed welt above Cuba's
ty the department of commerce experts
in their recently published report bated
on the -erop year-1913-14, latenwtiag
ny ine in si man mow
mm mree year nave brought a mater
in I ehanir in the aitnsMrtn. T . i
Local sugar production eosts' have
- oii m me icssi oec reused they hat
materially Incrensod but production
costs in Cuba have increased enormous
ly . since the federal ': government '
i rm putative flgnwi were- compiled! i
Hawaii 'a average outlay per ton of
...Ki j. u. o. .iaciory oased ob tb nor
mal crop -year J91J-H was 844.5i-
..Uillv 47.70- 1pm than ' Pm-t Pir.
t pend i tare of 52.29 and fifty-four per
cent higher than Cuba 's cost of 28.(2.
marseimg eon per. ton iron
f t0t Or V to mainland wHnZ- .....J
Hawaii. 80.34; Cuba, 5.4fl,. and Porto
: two, .,,Dringiag.tn average cost
per pound of sugar delivered in the
states to 2.61(7 cents for th Hawaiiaa
product, 8.328 eenta. for the Porto Hi
esn product 'and 1.71ft eenta for tlie
Cuban product, not counting the duty.
Different Btory Kow i ( .
' , Now there ia a different atory to tall
enrrlin to data on pitmen t day eoh
" ditiona published la the Juaa 00 iasa
of the Louisiana Planter. Cuban pro
ductiim eoat bave aoared by lnapa ad
bounda far outdistancing the increaeei
that Hawaii haa had to pay per poaad
of augar produced. ,-, ;, ,
Coete of freighta, fuel, labor 4ad
equipment to the Cuban producer hit
' mude a atrady upward elimb during
the Jaat three yeara, more than doub-
' ling the coat of making and marketing
a ton of Cuban lunr and KiHnMnn tk.
, commexra dniartn"nt 't average) nr-,
. niai ngnro oj tzs.vz a ton productioa
eoat m-artr to. 57.B4.V . '
U Hawaii proilur tioni coat per
-toft eaiefolly flsnred today, total auger
. moa Aaaert, it would be well above the
W13-i4 agora. of 44.5t and probably
v the prraent erop year would atiU And
the induatry of the Ialanda paying inote
per pound, for augar delivered ,at the
roflnery, than Cuba 'a more tha doub-
M coat. - But the proportionate in-
: cieane lit coat to Hawaii ha been far
below the enormous increase paid, by
. Cuba.- ' ... . . :, .. , . ; i
Xboi1jx Cab "':
Cuban labor coats have more than
dmiblod ; in the last, three yeare 'aod
; the incrca4cir eoat In tome aectiona of
h rermblie, baa been at high aa five
hundred portent. '," . j
,.iue eoc of mel to Cuban eentrala
haa lot pod upward, with almbtt in
credlblo rapidity, advancing over the
high coat of a year ago by not leaa than
one hundred and fifty per eent. And
the eoat of thin commodity a year ago
waa a big increase over, the price ia tie
two previous year. v " -
Coeta of traaaimrtatioa of the Cuban
; prodiiet have Joined production reoata
in their ekyward flight and interior
and ocean freight have materially in
creased. Particularly have oceta
freighta advanced, (tending now ata
figure four hundred per eent higher
tuna tiuwe year ago and not yt at the
high water mark. , ' 5 '
Factory equipment eote in Cuba
have riaen iu like proportion,- easily
doubling the figures of 1W14, while the
, ditticultic of delivery have become' a
problem, t . j i
Hear Increase In Coat ' v
Bating it deductions on the aboye
data, but branding them aa abnormal
industrial condition, the louiniaa
Planter eatimatea that from the 1914
figure of tloae. to two cent a pouad
for the bagged product ia a warehouse
ia portthe cost of production of raw
in Cuba haa riaen to a point where
today the-outlay per pound in no in
stance, is leaa than three centa, and in
many ease reaches four eent with the
coat of every item of production (till
., steadily climbing and the end not yyet
in light. This journal takes Cuba, now
the world ' greatest esporter of mgar,
at fairly Illustrating . the . eonditiom
. i""14 now V ,P'vail in . ,th .ladfjutry
throughout the worlj. ,. ,. t . I
; Hawaii Mor rortonat 'V. . - . .
- Hawaii, however, though facing' toe
same industrial situation in its sugar
Industry, ha sot borne the -burden of
- such steep increases . a ' have: ben
placed upoa ' the Cuban industry, ac
cording to those famiiar with . condi
tions locally. 'be pinch Of. higher
coats has been felt here, and it ha
.lieea a tight one, but it is as yet noth-
,.lu(j Jik :the grip that aoaring commod-
' lily! prioeo bow bate on the Cuban prp-
ii doners of sugar.- .t'i . , ! .
Comparing the cost of the several
prixlaction item cited to show Cuba,'
increased eoett, local sugar men poit
out that only the item of faetorv aauin.
meat haa riton' in propertio; to the
increase that Cuba is ,noit nayingi fi I
1 WagM of. labor have materially ad-1
vauied ia Hawaii during the latt three
yeara, but attention ia called to the
tact that while Cub ' increased eosfe
in thii respect have - boe arbitrary
amnunl lurvely forced by demand sad
atrike of the laborer, Hawaii' plab
tetiora have paid an increaied eoat fr
i.. i . ,. a- .l. . . .
uiiMvr-io (iriM,rtiuu o jam marsoi priee
v of their product by the voluntary in
. 'llefion of fn bona ijttem. ' - I
Bagaae Al rue) ' ." '
tlUU iu lluwail have been calloiT
upon to pnyyna much more for fuel Uilj
a lUDan eentrala put, it itatoa, ine
Isrer dependence on and more efn
eient use of bagasse fuel In Hawaii
ha mitigated the pressure of iacreai
lngfuel price ; , t V
iHirisg the three yeat period ahder
ture of the tiling charter rites of the
Bret year Of the war but HVlH datol
that entrance into contract for the
transportation of the Hawaiiaa product
that htvC aintaiBed the freight rate
more or lea aear the level or tb figure
of that year up to the present , time.
Meanwhile Cuba, and Porto Rico a
well, have itrug-fHediwith the eonstant
ly increasing scarcity of bottom and
consequent . advancing; charter -. rate
that have' '.'boosted' transportation
charge td almost prohibitive figure
at umn ana caused a shortage or cargo
carrier mat nit often, been critical
problem threatening- a if- abtolut stop
page, of freight facilities. ,,- . i t, Xt ,
sTacUry EfflcUncy Malntoinod '; .. . ;
, Againat .these; factors of increased
costs for suiar producers ia Hawaii
ijas bees the counter-acting influence
ui .iHciory vinciency wnirn tbe depart
ment of commerce report so pointedly
emphasize "in relation to sugar pro
dnetion ia the Island. , The atcady
msrcn.or progress la this direction
hs. not been halted during the last
fbree year, and local sugar mea point
to this factor as probably the most im-
portarit of those that hava ilanreei
ated the effect of the increased costs
of. production la Hawaii,; ' '
. While practically all of the annual
reports of plantation ' managers this year
wnuonea numerous Items of produfr
tldtt that ,hsd' materially advanced,
many were able to show i dn-niMd
wt of operating the factory.' Waialus
for example found plantation operating
expenses had Increased tn 19ia "by
44S,t.24 over. I9i5r y. the cost' of
manufacture for' the season of 1914
was thirty -four cents less por ton than
in 1915. v : ..
Himilar reports were made by pthet
manager. ;'and even on plants tioni
where' the moat unfavorable Conditions
prevail. 1910 saw the eott of produc
tion not more than 3.8 cent a pound, t
..vinuiiurmuon or mi increased cost
if mnar production. In fTnha h k
Louisiana Planter is given in an article
relative to tbe increased nHM r,t nnai
la the world markets. In this connec
tion .the article points out that thoua-b
mgar hat marketed for an increasing
j nign ngure esc a year , for. tb last
hree years, it is safe uredletion that
jveu hicher levels will be reached aa
rh coat of production increases. ; The
irncie ioiiowi: ,
9plltatjT Jopw gllglW ! ' r .
. "Along with a consideration of the
-ising prices Of, all foodstuffs, and the
reason, therefor it is interesting tc
look for a -jnoment Into some of - the
underlying; cause for the hirh level.
at which sugars have been maintained
for months, and to ooniider the prob
ability of an early eact ion or a continued-
, upward " trend. UndaubteflU
Votent factors in the lurprliinelv iwif t
rises in the prices of. certain eommodit-
ei, me tsntrqmi of May, wheat, ,fot
notanee, have been excitement and
'peculation: but ia. the eas of sogat
innaeuce oj mese racrors bat bees
negligible." Even when the daily prow
gave publicity to a garbled report. ot
nr. neover e. recent atatement regard
ing the possibility of a sufirar shortage
there was no . appreciable; effect upo
the market; for the reasons for present
prices ar to be found not so much is
(he decreased world's' stocks as in con
ditions, that result from abnormal in-
Justrial eoaditioa. ',.
The situatioa la the Island of Cuba.
now the world's greatest exporter W
sugar, may be taken. fairly illuatrat
ing the basic causes of these high
prices. There, at the beginning of the
summer of 1914y it was usual to plain
the cost of a pound of raw sugar ii
the bstey of the average ingenlo at
little tess than two cent; so that b)
the time the, .bagged product was pn'
in a warehouse To port Its cost might
be reckoned at very close the fliruri
just giyen. But . from. July, . J914, t
the present, every item in thaproduc
lion coats, barring' factory 'emcleney
has been elimbing steadily, until today
It is doubtful if in the Cuban ware
house there is a pound of raw sugai
'hat. represents an outlay of less than
three- cents. " In many instances thir
outlay willjpven go to four cents, and
ine ena is not yet in sight. ' ,
AU Ooets Adruicf ' , ,
A concerns labor, always a larct
item, in the past three yeara its eosl
aaa doubled in most secUpoi of the
Island, while certain plantations that
formerly paid taeir an tutters a Dol
la day have noon forced this snrinu
to pay this class of labor ai hiih at
four and six dolars per day on a ton-
mngtf oaaia.. ,, .. vr : ' ,
' 'Tuet baa gone un with almost, In-
credible rapidity. Co4 that was on
iractea tor a little vef a year ago at
$7. -per ton,' in Cuban porta, is now iuo
obtainable at leaa thaa alo to 418
and 7 wa a, big ncreas over prices
of three years ago, A new tandem that
eosi 90,oao to 4100,000 4 J9X4 now
means- an outlay of HH,00 to laoOOO
and the price Of ail other faotory eqaip
ment has riaen la like proportion, while
deliveries; have become mora - distant
and dimoutt.v 'j ;.r , " , . .
'Interior' 1 freighU hav inereoaed,
while to .pereentagn rise ..iu. the dost
of ocean transportation ha been higher
than the percentage increase in ny
other direction.! For moatha preceding
JUly, 1914, sugars could, b ,' shipped
from Havana sad other north eons'
uorU lo New" York, and Phlldelpbia, a'
10 to 14 cent per hundred now such
ihipmenta 'cost around fifty cent, and
thia tatter figure is not the high water
mark of the present season,
.'"It, should aot be difficult, then, to
see. why ur sugar it double what
it did three years ago, and to realise
thai neither plantation owner nor spec
ulator Is to blame, r Nor' Is it risky to
predict that still higher levels may b
reached withirt -a few, months, a
freight, fuel, labor and equipment, are
still -on tho.' apWard elimb. . And aa
much M the etfienditur that is being
made now1 should bo charged to perma
pent. inveatment, It Sppears that sev
eral eropi must elapse before augar
vaiuea oegm i accuse and even i at
that the' products of the ean and beet
still remain , among ih . aheapest and
most satisfactory of human foods.
: SUGAR PRICES SOARING
Shking of Cargoes JTotalipg Forty Thousand Tons By
Gtmii" Submarines Forcci British" Commission To
- Enter Market- With Result of Pricft Strengthening
' : ' ''..' ' . ' , ."a '' .. .. .
Recent rP'l 'lvsnces In: the nrjee
or raw sugar at. New Tork arc attrl-" t""1' u "arnet."
buted directly to the smtden inroa.lsl, Comparativ tables of the Hawaiian
thmt ruth leu anl,mrin. basis Quotation for raws this veat and
on the sugar carrying trade Int. In yr during the period under eon
June, According to the market letter j l"n":
of the New York correspondent of nl - - AW WA QUOTATION .
local sugar house, roreivsd hv mail . JUwuiian Basi OenU nar Pound f
, Bmrnr .eargoe nn route to England
totalling forty thousand tons werel
lestroyed by Oerman divem In the(
short apace of ten ilavs and Immcliats-.
ly the price for raw soared. Thel
British-commission wss for.ed to buy!
at onr to teplaee the lost' snga, had
entering n market that had boeivntajr-1
aent-o.ll of Juno, starte.l a prriod of
wivmy anq strengthening or ' price
that has not yet ended and that .re
sulted yesterday in a quotation of (1.49
enta, Hawaiian basis, the fteioad hiirh
w ifuvrnvion inns iar ibis Vearr
Lat in the afternoon. The Adver
tiser rrweived a stiennd Quotation for
ne our pi o.r,u rents, a s irht shad
Advance X4urt Two Weeks , i
The past two weeks have seen the
ceeult of this strong market vividly
wfleeted In the Hawaiian heals quo
atlon which haa hovered well above
dx cents, fluctuating between 6.20
ent and 62 cent. . . .4 -
. The .'atory', of the effect na market
if the diver -warfare is told in thei
ecord Of the market quotation.' ' t
J-aU Mar. aw an end to the aixj.
ynekw of a steadily maintained market
hat followed Immediately ; after the
lclration of war on Germany, ,lnr-1
ag wnirn time the Hawaiian quota
Ion held firm above six cents from
April S to May 15. , , 1,
Tbe depression that started in May
sated most of June and the quotat
ion held near to 5.80 cents. The last
our day of June ihowed the effect
if the diver inroads on sugar carry
ag bottoms. The quotation jumped
'rora 6.77 eenta to fi.O.'i emits' mi Jun
6, to O-lTTents the nest day, then
B.st cents, and reacheit 0.52 cents,
ho highest mark this vear. on Friilav.
lane 29. ',.:-.:.
Ibov 8U CnU I.'.''. ' ';
Bloc June 29, the quotation has re
named above- 6.20 centa, tha flucttM
lons for the first two weeks of his
'uonth ' becoming a gradual rise again
luring tbe last few days .that have
een the tirice ailvanea - from. It M In
u.10 10 o.tn rents." , ', ;'. - ,
M Dated June 28, Justwhen the recent," . . 'lm''' - . ,
im riw in .sugar price sraneu, laei.." .i C uu V. T
market report receivid by a loal au-j" th 1 leg ' nd right
ar house givea a' gool flight into
he effect of the submarine warf are
w the sugar market at New York. The
etter follows: .; :
"A rriod has at last come to tha
loubt and hesitation whb-h haa rhar-
tcterised this market for some week'
ast; ' " a - ..'. --- 1
31VST War tta Unirsr . '! t
"The sinking by submarine lu the
ihort ipare of ten days of 40,(H)0 tons
'uba augar en route to Kngland coni
etled the British Commisaion to boy
t once td replace the quantity loxt
iad In the end of last week 23,0(10
ons of refined sugar were bought from
he American Hugar ' BeAniug Com
ny for .that punioae.! ' .. -i ,
These refiners had in turn to find
aws Snd In doing so put up the price
o five cents C At, F.' V
This -set the ball . a rollioir and.
'rom day to day. since, . all refiners
lave, boon autive buyers at advancing
.rices so that ony 3 cent. C. A J'.
iaa been paid lor July shipment
Juliaa.. .nv ) ...4 '.'. '' 1 1
"A usual in an; ailvamniig uiarket,
'ulisn sellers have liocoino very scart-
oil are now holUfng - for 5Vi cents,
'orto Bicoa have ajso ceased to be the
rag on the market that they have
een during these Weeks of indoci
lion. .!''; , ... j
"The few small lota have been
tffer have either been disposeil of at
atiafactory advances or olse have been
Is fined Also Strengthens .
"Almost V coincident ' with thi
itrenghening of raws' there haa been
in active buying 'movement in the re
ined to such an extent that the same
oaditions renfront ." ua "fc In Marrh
ast when a potential runaway, ait ua
ioa had to lie carefully has, tied. The
eversal of form ha tome rather unex
,iecteilly, but as seasouable weather has
jiravuiled for '.over', a week nowla
hange from atngnation was fully due.
"Heavy rains in Cuba during the
ast two weeks ami the rlosliig down
if a large number of centrals for the
lesson as a consequence have contri
buted to the change of sentiment. "
"llgures from v'uba-.ifor week end
ing June 23, follow! - .' , ;. t.
" 1 timely Ouma '
(six ports) (all ports)
Export No. -
Kattera ....., 15042 19336
Kxport Nw ,
Orleans 6845 "7370
Exports' Europe- ' 17735;' 2H20S.
"According to Ouma there are still
twenty-four central grinding cane as
sompared with thirty-nine last week
and seventeen in 1910. I '
"A already indicated refined sugar
ha becom very active and except
the American which is .selling very
tparingly to their own clientele at' 1
cent basis nil refiners are either quot
ing T.75 cents or have withdrawn, frdm
the msrket. -, " , - ,
gomotbing Big Expected "
VThero i much 'speculation on "the
street" -as to the probabilities itt.
Washington and some expectation that
we ar on the eve of certain develop
ments' that will seriously concern h
producert of sugar both domustlq and
foreign. ; ' '..i . ,
"Mules late today (June 28) were
25,000 bags Cuba,, ex store, at ,0.40
TUESDAY, JULY 17, 1917.
to Warner and 6000 bag Porto Bicoa,
June 21 4J.175
. " 2(1 .40
" 2845.3.1 :
" 296,08 -
" 10 .30
" 126.40 "
, ' 20 l.08
" y7 6.U3
, 6 6.23
' Highest Havuilan basis quotations to
date this yeart April 17, 6.437 cents;
Jone j9, .ri cents; July 12, 6.49 cent
" Iliohest Hawaiian hasia niuiiiilnu t
Jtame date Iasf year: April 27 and May
4, 6.40 cents? May 31, June 26 and Jnne
12, 6.40 .cents. ,
'' f -:'t- ' . - '
r-,. ',. , i
FallS BenCath Wheels While At
Play and Is Terribly Mangled
While at play in Queen Street yes
terday, Joe Gonsalvei, twelve-year-old
newiboy, was crushed beneath a wheel
of a .heavy truck,' reeeiving injurief
which caused his death' soon after. The
dray w as driven by Jo Kanaka.
According to witnesses of the aeci
deat, the boy was one of a group play
ing. , in a iivneaat lot..-.Aaother lad
phased Oonsalvea, who.iran,, into the
street, unbeedful of the-n.feiaffie. H
dashed into the truck and fU beneath
a rear wheel, 1 which passed over hit
head and chest..
At the emergency hospital Doctor
Ayer wasmnable to bring the boy back
to consciousness.- He died within a few
tni6tt ha been broken and bis
' ,rm nd that his Jaw' hnd been
-tured.' The boy lived with hia parent!
at, 244 Auwaiotimu Street..
'" " .
A. Nelson, iminajrer of the Honolulu
Tent and Awning Company, was pain
fully bruise, 1 shout the head as remit;
of . the autninoliile which he was driv
l" turning turtle on Nouawn-Avenue
about four-fifteen yOitnrday afternoon
He was given treatment at the emer
gency hospital. 1. J. Cash ma a of the
Kort Htreet sail toft, a man seventy
two years oM,j was 'riding with Nel
son at the time of the accident, bu
Was un injure, I. - .1 . . ,
Nelson was driving his car mauks
on Nmiaiiii Avenue when ho attempted
to pass nnotlier maihine Which, it it
said, was crowding the -loft side o
the street. There Was insufficient apace
for a car to puss. . Nelson awung hir
ear to the rilit with tho iatention o
Iiansiig on that side. 11 sounded bis
10m us he reached the rear of the ma
chine alien, I, which Upon hearing the
driver turned niiariily (intO his aide of
the rood. Seeing that an accident was
iuevitiilde it' he kept on, Nelson
erampei) the wheels of hia car, to the
left, tho impact turuiog it complete
ly over. According to Caahman, the
ear turned over aoverml tiuiea. '
"-.'L . ' . ,1 :
GIRLS 10 BE STOPPED
Beudineii to cooperate with the
juvenile court in getting girls S home
from the pineapple canneries is express
ed by the insnageraent of the local
concerns. Their pact will ba. the ejuu
inating of overtime although it is said
the girl themselves are anxious to pro
l;hg the hours and thereby secure the
extra pay ' '", ''; .' t
' ,Jn a rtcrut cat before the. juvenile
court it Mux shown that n young girl
waa getting to her home late and hei
excuse was that she worked overtime.
I A lrtycsti;;ution of condition follow,
ed.t ;Thu court wns4heo ansnred that
the canneries Would- be 'glad to co
operate ia getting the girls horn early
' and were desirous that they should Cot
be overworked, nor tho working hour
be unduly prolonged. The investiga
tion showed the desire of workere to
put in overtime which Judge. Heen
considered uudtfsiiablf. , ., ..
I r-: ' : .'.
I CAUSES AND COR roE DIAE
RUOEA. ' Overeat ing, a change in the tem
perature, uiiiipe fruit. and impure wa
ter are sotue of the cause of diar
rulioea. ChiuuberlulB 's Colic. Cholera
and Diiirihiica Remedy cures" these
bowel diitiivhancei promptly: For sale
by All IViilcra, Keusou, Hill it If t Co.,
Ageuts for Hawaii. ;
: TO DEATH BY TRUCK
- SEMIAVEEKLY.' " i':
Honolulu Wlialcsqlei, Produce. A',aritct
, , -Qijotatipiis &
IMTES BY THB TE&KITOXIAIj
WhohiMU Only. . . MAAKSTlAp P'TIBIOH, . . July X3, 1917.
: 8MALL OOKSUMfiM CANNOT llTXr Jit THEBE PICEi
j Island butter, lb. eartoa 40
Kggs, select, dor..
r-gg". No. I, dos. .
Kggs, Duck, dor..
Young roosters, lb.
..- a.. 45
.40 to Ai
Beans, string, green ....
Beans, string, wax, green
Beans,. Lima in pod ....
Beans, Calico, cwt
Beans, Bmall white
Puss, dry Js. cwt.
Beets, don. bunches . . . .
Carrot a, dos. bunches . ,
Corn, sweet 100 ears ...
Corn, Haw. am. yel
Corn, Haw, Ig. yel
Rice, Jap. seed, cwt. .,,
Bif 4, Haw. seed, ewt. . .
Bananas, Chinese, bu. . . ,
Banaaas, Cooking, bu. .
Figs, 100 .
Orapas,. Isabella, lb
.04 14 Peanuts, sm lb
.05 4 Peanuts, Ig. lb
'.'. JV4 Oreen pepper, hell . ..
....... 1J.00 Oreen peppers, chili
12.00 Potatoes, Is. 1
Nob , Potato. ,, sweet, rwt. ...
Non Potatoes, sweet red, cwt.
. . ; JJO Taro, ewt. . t
.40 Taro, boaeh
. 3.00 td -AO Tomstoss -,-.'
1.50 Oreen pens, lb.
72.00 to 75.06 OuenmWs, do.
....... Non Pumpkins, lb
' "'-raurr -
10 to .23 Limes, lOO v
..1.00 to 1.85 pineapples,' cwt.
0 Papains, lb.
, .07 Btmwberrlc
' ' - LTVX8T00X
Cattle and sheep are not bought at Hogs, op to 150 lb.
lit weight. They are slaughtered atd Hogs, 150 and over
paid for on a dressed weight basis. 1 ..
' DKESSED MEATS'
Beef, lb. 13 to il4 Mutton, lb. , 4
Veal, lb. jl4 Pork, ib.'.
'Si; . Vv-1 I HIDES, BT IUOTED '.
8tor, No. 1, lb. AO Kip, lb. .
8teer, No. t, lb. t.-J8 Ooat, hit . .....
Steer, hair slip ., J8 . 1 , -.
'-"- ?'.-':'",' ' ' Keed '"':::. '.
Th following ar quotations on fesd.f.
Corn, sm.' yel. ton.
Corn, Ig. yel., ton .
Corn, cracked, ton .
Bran, ton .-.
Barley, ton , ......
Scratch food, ton . .
Noa Oata, ton ...... !
I..... 80.00 Wheat, ton . . . .
... 81.00 to 86.00. Middling, ton . .
... 44.00 to 45.00 Hay, Wheat . ..
. . . 53.80 t 66.60 Hay, Alfalfa 1. '. .
. . . 85.00 to 87.50 -, .
WEEKLY MARKET LETTER
ThorO ha .bean no thanaa in tha
pric of Island egg duriag th week,! Hil ia sending down large shipment!
rat imported eggs are still very cheap of tb boat Isabella grapes th division
considering tho price of feed. () hai ever received. Ai these grapes will
. A few bags of Maui beans hav betn jsoll for six cents a pound retail, house'
received and sold for eleven and twelt wives ,wo'ld do well to buy them for
sent n pound. The la roe shipments I
iav not yet arrived. , The potato majr-1
ket Is on the down grade aad a little1
Atsr when imported potato besia to 1
come in in large quantities, the price '
win do sim , lower. . Jlowever. th .
few baira of Dotataea reesivad from U
ui had little or Siothing to do with tl
drop n price.; The 100 sacks of po-
Atoee recently received from Hawaii,
are of much better quality than the
Raise Green feed fpr Them On
. Grpund That' Is Usual-
ly Idle C
WASHINGTON. July 1 If there i
a ahady apot. In the back yard not eujt-
3d to other garden crops, it msy, be
possible to grow some green feed for
the chickens on It.- Oats and . field
peas, before tho hottest weather eoms,
and millet ,aid eowpeaa later in the
summer; if sown thickly, probably will
yield eattinga of food that will be muth
relished ia the small hennery, WhUe
-unh a practise may not be in harmony
with the besi cultural advicty masy
ity dwellers with limited space' will
Aixh to utilise all . available t garden
cmiib this season; oven for only small
returns. ', '. .v-f ; ., ! v ,. j
Dense, continuous . shade Under old
trees and shrubbery that hav drawn
heavily oa soil plant food, obviously
will be of little valu for thia purpose.
Gut ia many back yards ground shaded
by building and small tree, not wholly
removed from the day' sun, might
sell be expected to produce some green
stuff for a smalt flock. If tha ebioken
pen la large enough n small sowing
made inside and ' protected by 'woven
virc with one inch methei stretthid
about two inches above the ground may
iie made. Thie fellow the chicken to
pick off the green blade as they grow
hrougb the netting without injuring
the roots. '. ,'.' : ;
Another way to famish green feed
to hens not on nng is by sproutlsg
nats in trays or boxee. t This method
is used by many poultrymen, foV large
;md small flock. ; The oata are soaked
or twelve hours In warm wator fesd
then sDread out lit 1 u. in 1 1.
inches deeo on a floor, or irf a t.mr ,
tier of flats, which have openings or
'"' vt m inrs suesa wira' DOltoru
covered with burlap, So that the water
drains freely. . Tha nafa ka .li...l
- -w ww mmmmmj VW HIII,CI
daily and sprinkled 1, allowed 10
sproui wiiooui stirring nntu ready for
feeding. Thev are. usual v fA mkan tha
iprouts ar from 'l to 1 Inches long,
aiiiiougu some poultrymen prerer .to al
low tho sprouts to grow 2 or 1 inches
long before feeding. - Oat need a moist
ami warm atmosphere in which to
iprout quickly, po that it is necessary
to furnish heat or to keen them lu a
warm room during the winter, while
they may b sprouted out of' doors dnr
inn tire rest of the yer. It takes rrnnn
6 to 10 days to sprout oats, depeudiug
on tbe temperature,' The- oats are fed.
rootit sprouts and all, at the rate of
about one square Inch, as they grow
iu the tray, to eab fowl, f .;
GERMAN INSURWJC: '
WASHINGTON, July 14 president
Wilaon by proclamation today prohibit
German insurance companies from writ
ing marine war risks in to United
Htatca. ' -' -';''. ' ;
uol juuiv :ww
TO RAISE CHICKENS
M to .35
m10 t p
10 to 4.12
i T.l. .
m mi J my J. . , ,
Ducks, Muse, lb
Ducks, Pekln, lb
Ducks Haw., dor.
1.00 i ;lQ
....... t U
. . . .03 t iH
. 4 NotB
.. .00 to m
.75 to lpo
.01 Vh to i)2
.. ' '-.
, . C6.00 to 604)0
67 M U.lOOiK)
, 60.00 to 65D0
. 35.00 to 40J)0
. 38.00 to 40X0
. b, floaoluluj
Maui tiotatoea and hrinira batter nrle-
putting no ia Jellies and lama.-, i I
Bananas ar plentiful and cheap, 1 a
good bunch costing only twenty five no
thirty-five eenta. Use bananu and ittt
tho cost of living and at th same time
belo th homo producer. . t
Hogs are advancing steadily nad are
now selling at the highest price ever
recorded ia tbe Territory. , . 1, I.
: A. T. LONGLrr,
' " - Superintendent.' ;
Uncle Sam Urges Farmers
Turn Attention To PprJc
WASH INGTONj July 1-Th ojuloV-
and surest way ,tf augmenting tfie
it supply next. to the raiting of poul-
meat supply next. to the railing of poul
try is by raising hogs, th United
Htstei department of kgrlcultur point 1
out. The hog is h most, mp'ortat
animal to raise for meat and money.
He requires less labor, less equipment
less cspital, makes-greater gain. per
hundred pounda of 'concentrates apd
reproduces hiraseU faster and i grett
er niimbon than fny ' Other domesjic
animal. As a consumer of by-products
the hug hai no rival. ,'No otihef animal
equals the lard . hog ia it fat-storing
tendency. Toe most latiifactory meat
or shipping long distances on train,
boat, or wagon, and .or long itoragc
after reaching Hi destination is, men
pork. There is ho animal which pro
duces more meat and meat produces
than the hog. . :J , , . r
Pork finds ready sale becaus packeri
base discovered mssy wayt of placing
pork on the market in 'attractive aid
highly palatable -form combined with
moat excellent keeping qualities, ,Thqra
is no other mvat .front ttbiak. so jnay
product! are- manufactured.' Very pear
fifty per eept of the fqtaj Nalqei in dol
lars and cents, of the meat and ' mnut
products slaughtered ih tho packing'
houses of the UaitodilStstei is derived
from th hog. fOo .-eoqutry leads; by
far all countries lu the jrodueiim'hs
wen as in ine eonsumptios of 'meat and
meat products. Three-fourths of the
world's international trade in pork shd
pork products, originate in the. United
(Hates in normal times, and th war
greatly has Increased this proportion.
According to the sitimate there wai
an 'increase of 0,580,000 hogs be twees
11) ID, the census year, and 1816,' Inclu
sive. The increase at tho and of 1015
was .1,14X,0(KI over the preceding year,
while it Is estimated that there was a
decrease at the end of 1916 of 813,000
hogii compared with 1915.
I If hc expeet to contlaue to provide
meat to foreign peoples as well as our
own people, every-farmer must put
forth the best effort to produce more
hog, lion's ran be kept profitably up
on many farms where they are not
found today. Farmer! whoa already
raise hoys ran. produce many "more for
I there i not much chance of produciug
w., nl thi, Jtar in excess of (he require
ments. ; .'
More 'tiiiry fsroier ihoulit raise hogi
for they (It in ; etpeciully well upon
dairy farms where skim, milk, butter
mill, or whey Is fed utoa ths-fara.
' A mnn who hat skim milk l in B bet
tc 1 -iiion to raise pigs than a man
ho bus uoue. . ,
0 to fit
20 to 20
1AKFRS0F . 0 FY
OF VEGETABLES ON
1 Agent wakes Rccommen-
datlbns Fdr Compulsory Treat
i 'fnent to Foop Commission ;
WORK COULD BE DONE
FOR ALL AT SMALL COST
Plan 1s Applicabfe' .td: bther Isl
ands" Also and Would Save v
i Large Portion of Crop :
, Universal spraying of vegetable gar
ten oa Oahn la the aucsestioa that hat .
been marie io the food commission by '
Cdtyity Agent Wstt and is being con
lideredjiy the ommission wl)h favor.
Spraying of all potato plant! on Maui '
uti also been suggested but Mr. Watt '
goes Somewhat further and at the same
tlme.)ie has plans to make such spray
ing .inexpensive to those who Br gar
dening here. He would hav tha food
cnmmlasion get the 'iprajcri, furnish
(he solutions, do the sprayiag and only '
tharge ; esck Individaal enrdener his
pro rntn of tho work done. : Y ;
. 'if. general sprayinir acralnst botato .
ifjight if good o also would be general ;
spraying of other crops that may be-
to m seriously affected by disease or
Pf" ' whioh might spread from garden .
to garden nnd in this climate such dis-
aaos and pest r legion., General
spraying -would . prevent , the lose of
mhch of the garden erdps that have
hee so extensively planted oa ; this '
land in an effort to aid la war econ- ,
omiee and Increase food supplies. .
Individual Spraying Impracticable
But Mr. Watt recognizes that should
"etr :oa who has planted a little gar
fen be compelled to purchase n sprayer
end .the chemicals for spraying there
vould be small profit, sometime vea n
oes to th gardeners, with all their
Tork expended beside.' To meet this
f suggests thst the commission under- ,
'k the' work. Thus the element of
'Xpense to the individual for purchase
f sprayer and supplies would b so
Hvlded that it would hardly be felt.
At the aame time, he says, there would
n increase not merely in a few
irops but in all of tha little gardens as
well. Here In Honoullv there are hun- .
Ireds of such horn garden that have
heen started and in many instances
hose who are doirrj the gardening are '
without past experience or have had
tittle nnd do not know what to do or .
hdw to do it when 'the fighting of pests
or diseases become necer.snry.
iml4 Apply at, all Points ',) ,'
If .the food eommissioa shall adopt
the plan of Mr. Watt it would probab
ly not affect this island only but would
b put into operation on the other is
lands a well. Efforts of th experts '
(rom the experiment station to secure
Waring against potato blight hav of
fen been diaeonraglng. Last year they '
wor started lat but .where the spray
ing waa done results were sufficient to
diow what might be accomplished,' It
waa tried on on .homestead where the
light had already obtained n consider
able start and about half a erop was
ibtaiaed, , whilo ' the 1 neighbors lost
rartirlly all after ia good Wart had
"cn liiail. Thia homesteader later told
be agricultural expert that he did not
'tno'w wtetber -there 'was anything in '
the. spraying or not' but ho "guessed
h weald give it trial the next ,
season." He has done so and will have '
t fine erop this year, ia a convert and
is doing missionary workvamung his .
neighbors. ' ,. . ,
Snrop Needs Wheat Most - '
Hpesking of the report of the depart- ."
nent of agrleultur on improved erop
iortditions recently, Dr. A. U Desu,
executive of tho territorial commisaion,
aid that whilo this would help the
wpe of th -United States directly
nd so indirectly help- the-country's
illies, the increase ,in th corn erop
tould be Only an indirect nid, an aid
n-so fsr ss Americans would us corn
'n tdsee 'of wheat. ' ,,
'The people of rTanee," said Doctor
Dean, '.'have never; learned to use corn
S we use it, though effort to educate
'hem. in such use have Iwon made. They .
lo not do heme bakingas w do, either,
tut go In' mor eve"u than w do for
ommuaity bakeries. Tp . the in bread
neons much more than it does to us.
Take whatever lso from there One"
nsy, their broad must be left. If their
kresd Buiblilcyru. asi pir- as that
Vend now Is, Ve Wduced or taken from
.hem, they will feel abused. Wo in
this country caa use substitutes, inciti
ng corn bread, but in Europe, they do
lot know how to, do this and are uu
villing to learn.. .'
"It, therefore, falls to na to take ad.
vantage of tho larger crops of eorn
nd other vegetables and to aavo on
theat as w ran dq and as they tan
iot do.. If wo will cut down our use of
bread by th us of corn meal instead
jf wheat flour we ran do our bifor
ur Allies, lut corn meal will not takeV
the plane kit flour t Kurope" s it ean V
he made to do to a large extent here."!
-, .1 . ... ;. . . ;
BENEVIDES ACCEPTED . !
AS COURT INTERPRETER
Recommendation that frank C. Ben. .
vdes be employed in the district court
at Portuguese interpreter nnd clerk it
a salary of 125 a month waa made
last night by tbe finance committee of
the supervisors and accepted by the
board. The rommittee argued that an'
Interpreter draws 8100 a month regu
larly aiid.that Benevidei, by actine ia
a dual espacuy at a slightly higher
auluryi vould suv tho city moue.
: . .': ' ' '."' ''''.'.'.','"' '