OCR Interpretation


The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, October 30, 1917, Image 5

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1917-10-30/ed-1/seq-5/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 5

1 V
, 1
FRENCH A ft 1,1 Y
PUSHES
U
BACK ALONG
THREE F ROUTS
New ' Drive ' Oft " Ypres Dixmude
Road Takes Teutons By Sur
prise, and Scores Gains of
Positions, Guns and Prisoners
FORTIFIED FARMS AND
VILLAGES ARE CAPTURED
Italians Are Driven Back On
, Isonzo Front and Lose Severe
ly In Prisoners, Casualties, Big
Guns and Equipment V
JPW YORK, October 28
1 (Associated Press) While
continuing their former offensive
the French yesterday launched a
new and powerful offensive in
Flanders and yet another in the
Aisne sector, pushing forward
successfully on three fronts on
the same day and at the same
time, taking villages and fortified
farms, capturing guns, mortars
and machine guns, making' many
prisoners and still further shat
tering the staggered Teatons.
The British meantime pressed
forward on the way to Roulers,
taking more . trenches, dugouts
and other fortifications but met
with the loss, of Poelderhook on
a second front where fighting
waged bitterly throughout the
day.
DRIVE SUCCEEDS
It was on the front along the'
Ypres-Dixmude road that the
French launched the new and suc
cessful "offensive of yesterday,
striking unexpectedly, vigorously
and decisively, driving the enemy
back, almost in panic before bar-!
rage, rifle , fire and bayonet, cap
turing several villages and a num
ber of fortified towns, taking
guns and munitions and making
prisoners of several hundred who
threw down their arms and
begged to be spared.
Along the Aisne front the
French army scored further ad
vances during yesterday's fight
ing taking and holding Froid
mont Farm, a situation that has
been bitterly fought for on a
number of occasions. On this
front also the reports tell of large
numbers of prisoners being
taken.
ADVANCE TOGETHER
On the road to Roulers British
and French both scored gains, the
Frenlh advancing further and
cutting deeper, than their allies.
Here the resistance was less
vigorous than on the other two
French fronts.
The British, to the west of
Pashendaele made further prog
ress and repulsed the two count
ers which were launched against
them. London, admits that the
Germans were 'successful further
south and j'etook Poelderhook
Chateau butays that the fighting
on that front was continuing vig
orously with the Britons launch
ing several fierce counters.
On the other Brtish fronts only
artillery duels were reported.
ITALIAN DEFEAT
Berlin reports claimed last
night that several thousand more
prisoners had been brought to
the rear of the Austrian army on
the Italian front and that a total
of 500 big guns had been taken.
More than sixty thousand Italians
have surrendered, the official re
port claims.
The Russian armies continued
to move forward cautiously in
the Riga section but did not en
counter any enemy along the
whole of the front.
Tlw German official report further
says tLat Kuiperor Oliurles of Austriu
commanded the attacking forces in thg
battle against the Italian! which had
reunited in a victory for the Central
armies. The Austro-flermajia are now
ressing toward the Italian lniu
I
DrDll PUV PAOT ITO
ruu iiimi bttoi no .
LOT VITH THE ALLIES;
. CONGRESS WILL MEET
LIMA. October 2 ( Associated
rrresaj rem may be the next n
tioa to throw its lot with the Alii
and declare that a state of war
ists with Germany. The aitoation ii
more tens and the week may tee a
declaration of war page congress,
which will convene in special ae
sion on Monday.
The action of Hrar.il In entering
the war haa had the effect here of
rousing a patriot ie spirit aad de
mand for reprisals against the Ger
mane. Thia condition prevail! in
other South American count riee as
ia shown by the report that have
reached diplomatic circles here and
the flame of anti-German sentiment
ia becoming hotter in all parte of the
continent.
NORWAY LOSES TWO
COPENHAGEN, October 28 .(Asso-
clated Preea) Two more Norwegian
vessels have been taken by the friendly
ubmarinea of Germany, according to
toe reports or marine losses which were
received and aunounced yesterday.
The Norwegian steamer Htaro wan
sunk by a submarine off the coast of
Hps in and the Bteml was also ue
stroyed.
Ie tails of the fates of the crews are
not given.
. ;
OF ITS TERRITORY
TOKIO, October 27 (Special to Nip
pu Jiji) A persistent rumor has it to
day that China has lodged svith Japan
a formal protest against . Japan 'a cre
ating a civil governor's office in Tsing
Tau.
The civil governor's office in Tsing
Tau, the former German stronghold
ia Mbungtiing province, China, which
was occupied by . Japan . three years
ago, wan established October 1, this
year, -when !r. M.'Akiyania wan arp
vointeij as the civil governor. China's
claims, as reported to have been nia.de
in the protest to Japan, are thnt any
such step by the Jnpanese government
tends to create uu impression to the
Chinese government that Japan is
thoroughly determined to hold Tsiug
Tau permanently, which is contrary to
the pledges Japan made when she de
clared war upon German's influence in
the Par East in 191.'). China asked
Japau, the rumor says, to abolish at
once the civil government in Tsing Tau.
The Chinese claimed that China's
entry into the war on the side of the
Allies makes it advisable for Japnu to
take immediate action to that end.
VOYAGE TO FRANCE
I'AKIH, October 27 (Associated
I'ress) Helen Cuduby, daughter of
Patrick Cudaby, the wealthy Milwau
kee packer, committed suicide while on
a liner at sea on October 19, it was
learned on the arrival of passengers
here.
Patrick Cudahy is a brother of Midi
Bel and John Cudahy, also millionaire
packers.
UNITED STATES DOLLAR
AT EIGHTY-THREE CENTS
COPENHAGEN, October 28 (Asno
ciated Press) American exchange i
at low figures and at such is of little
value owing to inability to use ex
chauge for making purchases from tho
United Htates. It was quoted yesterday
as eighty-three cents for the dollar.
AVith the checking of exports by the
United Htates under its embargo, tin
demand for foreign exchange with that
country has practically come to un
end.
-.4-
CONGRESSIONAL PARTY
IS FETED IN DENVER
DENVER, October 28 (Associated
Press) Tbe party of United 8tntes
senators and representatives which in
now eo route to the Pacific coast to
embark for Honolulu on Its visit to the
Hawaiian Islands stopped here for seve
ral hours last evening.
A mass meeting was held at which
several of the party spoke briefly and
they were feted at a dinner and a re
eeption.
through the spurs of the Julian Alps.
The mountain ridge of 8tol and the
summit of Mount Matajur have been
captured.
The Germans also claim the defeat of
the Ituliau second army, and say that
the entire Italian front is imperiled us
fur as Wippacb.
Rome admitted that the enemy bus
crossed tho Italian boundary between
Mount Canin and the bead of the Jud
ric Valley, and is attempting to rouch
tbe plaint. The struggle has grown
even more bitter and the alternatives
of grave defeat or striking victory ure
undecided.
The situation created by the power
and strong advance of tbe enemy is cer
tainly grave,
AMERICA 1ST AID.
STARVING RUMANIA
Famine Stalk. Through Land and
Babies and Children Die For
Lack of Nutrition
JAfWY, Rumania, October 28 (As
sociated Press) Rumania U In .Umrer
of itarving and looks to America as
It! only hope for immediate relief.
Without It absolute famine will stalk
through the land. Already emaciation
and other signs 0f distress are to be
seen among the poorer people and even
among people f more comfortable
mean for so unite ip the food short
age that money will not relieve it for
the unfortunate Rumnninns.
Hnfferings nre most severe among the
children, whose lack of stamina makes
them less able to withstand the terrible
privations which they nre forced to
undergo. The infant' death rate and
the death rate from malnutrition among
children of nil (;p has become appal
ling. No nfeat rations nre now Issued to
the civilians, meat beinir reserved en
tirely for the use of the army. The
bread ration bus been so reduced that
at present it amounts to less than a
pound a day.
- This Is the situation thnt bring the
appeal of Rumnniii to the Cnlted Htntes
to take stens for the relief of its suf
fering people.
-f
: FIGHTING ON FRONT
Artillery Is Doing Effective Work
and Infantry Regiments Are
Giving It Support
AMERICAN' ARMY II KAlior ATi-
TERtJ IN FRANCE, October 27--(As-
roiaieu itcssj fur the first time ia
the great European war American
troops have gone into action, and that
action an artillery duel with the Ger
manswas an effective stroke.
The first official statement from the
American headquarters, iriven to the
Associated Press said: "The American
troops arc beina- alven a continuance
of training anil as the nucleus of in
struction for later contingents, some
battalions of the first contingent, In
association with veteran French bat
talions in the first liue trenches, were
placed in a quiet sector of the French
front
"Thev supjKirtcd some batteries of
our artijjery in association .with Vetera
Pimeb Imttertcs. 'The sector was nor-'
mal. The men adapted themselves to
actual trench conditions in the most
satisfactory manner."
From otlicinl sources it is further
learned that the American artillery
fired the first shot of the war at six
o'clock mi the morning of a recent
day, at a (lerinnn working party. There
has, been intermittent artillery fighting
since.
The heluieted American infantry
marched into the first-liuc trenches as
signed to them, without the knowledge
of the enemy, through the rain and
mud. Tbe French enthusiastically wel
coined the Americana.
The nearest German trench was Sev
ern! hundred yards distant.
I lie first shot by the Americans was
fired from a French "seventy-five."
On the second day the French
shelled a German battery. The Ger
mans replied, the projectile falling
close to the Americaus, who then joined
in the" artillery duel.
1 lie trenches were muddy but excel
lently constructed. Rain has fallen
daily and the troops are covered with
mud but they are doing effective work.
One American battery was observed to
have scattered a marching enemy group
w it II Mien nre.
The shell -case of the first shell fired
by the Americans will be sent to Pres
ident Wilson by General rjibert, who
now has it.
..
F
Unless further reprieve be granted
Antonio Garcia, murderer, or Antone
Huluhadia as he calls himself in hi!
confession of other murders, will hang
November 2. Meantime officials are
ally Investigating the details men
tioned in his confession of the murder
of the sixteen year-old school girl, Har
riet Kuuane.
Home of the details o( Garcia 's con
fession have uot dovetailod with what
were believed to ifb the facts con
nected with the murder of the girL
This ii ehiefly the case of the nume,
Garcia calling the girl Annie iustead
of Harriet.
If the details of the confession are
found to be Mthentic, Bilinueva will
undoubtedly bo pardoued and freed.
He has already aerved nearly two
years of a life seutence.
T
ANXIOUS ABOUT SUPPLIES
LONDON, Oct. 12 (Associated
Press) The linen manufacturers of
England, Hcotluud and Ireland are
somewhat anxious about their supplies
owing to the rapture of Riga by the
Germans. Riga was their chief source
and now the enemy is in possession
they ure experimenting with nettles,
the fibre of which is to be used for the
making of yarn and cotton.
BUN8HINE AND COMMON SENSE
Don 't doctor your blood for rheu
matism. Use on external application of
Chamberlain's Pain Balm. In a few
days it will get you up and out into
tbe sunshine, then Nature will restore
the rich red blood to your veins aad
soon rid the system of thia troubleso
me .disease. For sale by all dealers. Beu
i.oii, Smith ft Co. Ltd. Agts, for Hawaii.
Advertisement,
AMERICAN
TROOPS
FOOD PLEDGE WEEK
WILL BEGIN TODAY
ALL 0 VERM AINLAND
Food Administrator, Opens Cam
paign With Urgent Appeal
To Citizens of Country
ARMY OF HALF MILLION
MOBILIZE FOR DUTIES
i
Twenty-two Million' Housewives
Are To Be Asked To Sign
Simple Pledge Cards
t) a
"The government asks the
citizens of the country to eat
lets beef, less pork and pork
products, less wheat, less but
ter and less sugar and to waste
no foodstuffs whatever.
' The government calls upon
all citizens to act thus in the
common, defense of the na
tion." Herbert C. II
FixkI Administrator.
s . o
The above a part of the appeal
which was Issued; by the food sdminis
trator 'yesterday j and sent broadcast
throughout the country through the
medium of the Associated Press and is
the opening gun Of a great nationwide
campaign to ' be conducted during
"Food Pledge Week" which begins to
day and will eud text Sunday, Novem
ber 4. ' .
Here in . Honolulu the pledges, plac
ards and otber.printed matter have not
been receivod in. .time to open the cam
paign today but these are expected te
arrive within the next few days and
tbe. food eommimrion will then take, up
the matter of their distribution, circu
lation and the conduct of a campaign
similar to those- that began this morn
ing on the United States mainland.
It has been- announced by the food
administration that there has been or
ganised ami mobilized an army of half
a million men and women ready for the
campaign under tbe various food ad
ministrators. This announcement tells
of the plans that have been made and
how "Food Pledge Week" is to be
conducted. i '
Half Million Oanyassar
The 64U),0(Xr aabsera reported on a
preliminary survey aeveral days ago
that they were sure to get the signa
tures of approximately 13,000,000
American housewives to the food
pledge. A million and a quarter of the
country's 22,000,000 housewives already
have signed the card promising to con
serve food. This leaves between seven
and eight million unaccounted for, and
the food administration today expressed
the conviction that all of them jvill be
pledged before the campaign cuds.
Reports show that school children are
organized in many places aa volunteer
assistant units to help-In the campaign
to enlist all the country's twenty-two
million housewives iu the work of con
serving "war foods" of which there
is a world shortage.
To Visit Every Homo
Among the !)00,m)0 workers who will
visit every home In the country is a
large number of "war mothera", wo
men whose sons or other male relatives
have gone to the front or are in train
ing in this country.
Today, the opening day of the cam
paign, "will be marked by war-food
conservation sermons by the eonntrV'j"
1011,000 ministers in churchei all over
the land. The food administration
states that tbe response of the minis
ters has been extraordinarily generous
iu this respect.
. Htato, city, county and local organ
izatioua constitute the working ma
chinery of the campaign. Beginning
and coutiiiuiii until Saturday, these
workers will make a houae to house
canvass of the country, inquiring of
each housewife of the 22,000,000 fami
lies in the I'nited tMatea whether she
has enrolled ss a member of the food
administration by signing the "Food
Pledge Card".
The workers will carry eards for
those hou.ien ives who have not yot en
rolled. To each housewife Who hasn't
a "Home rani", telling what foods
the government would like to have them
conserve and why, they will present
one.
- The workers w ill explain briefly and
clearly nhat the government's food
conservation idea is and what la asked
of each housewife.
The "food pledge" ia not, food ad
ministration officials point out, an ef
fort to get people to eat leaa, but to
substitute those foods of which tbe
country has sit abundance for those
that are urgently needed by the people
of the Allied Countries in Europe and
their Armies and ours.
President Wilson Speaks
President Wilson, in a letter to the
food administrator haa aaidi "In no
other way can they (American women)
so greatly atujist as by enlisting in the
service of fur food administration and
cheerfully accepting, its direction and
advice, liy so doing, they will increase
tbe surplus of food available for our
own army and for export to our allies.
"To provide adequate supplies for
the coming year is of absolutely vital
importance to tbe conduct of the war,
and without a very conscientious di
minution of waste and very atrict
economy in our food consumption, we
cannot hope to fulfill thia primary
duty. I trust, therefore, that the wo
men of the country will not only re
spond to your appeal and accept the
pledge of tbe food administration which
you are proposing, but that all men
also who are engaged in the personal
distribution of fooda will cooperate
with the same earnestness and in the
same spirit."
Obligation U Simple
The obligation assumed iu enrolling
as u member of the food adiuiuietra
I
HIGHER COAL PRICE
i
Raise of Forty-five Cents a Ton
Is Granted In Order To Pre-
vent General Strike
WASHINOTON', October 28-(Asso-ciated
Press)- In order to prevent a
general strike of the miners in the bi
tumlnous coal field. President Wilson
yesterday grsntc, I the operators per
mission te raise prices st the mines
forty-live cents s ton from the price
heretofore fixed by the government.
Tha action of the President followed
appeal from practically all of the op
erators who limMcl that the margin
of profit under tin- prices sx cut (lows
aad Used by the fuel controller was so
narrow that they mold only meet the
demands of the miners nt a direct loss.
On the other hand the miners acre
steadfast in their demnnds and in the
statement which presented for
them- of their side of the controversy
it waa shown that at the present time
and under the prevalence of war prices
for' food and other necessities, it was
impossible for them to live upon the
wagea which they receive.
...
COPENHAOKN. October 27 (AsSo
ciated Press) The Austrian Socialist!
at the Vienna convention called by
members of the Central Kmpirea have
rejected the idea of veiled annexation
plana according to -he news received
here. On the contrary, they are pro
claiming the principle that in settle
ment of terms of pesec there must be
no annex a ton of territory and no de
mand for indemnities.
It is also learned that Deputy Simon
in the Bavarian diet, has denounced '
King I.udwlg of Bavaria and Chancel-1
lor Michaelis as grcnt obstacles to'
peace.
l.ud wig's desire; he declared, is to ,
control the Dutch mouth of the Rhine;
River. He also criticized bitterly i
Chancellor Michaelis' utterances dis-1
crediting tbe reichstsg peace resolu-1
tion.
PREMIER DATO AND
' CABINET TO RESIGN
MADRID,. October 28 - t Associated
Press) --- Tb-ininb4erlfl crlslsr wWh
has been acute in Spain for tbe past
several months, came to a head yester- '
day, the Liberals forcing Premier Dato 1
and the members of his cabinet to pre
pare their resignations for presentation
to the king.
TORNADO SWEEPS
CITY OF BALTIMORE
BALTIMORE, October 28 (Asso
ciated Press) A tornado swept over
this city at an early hour thia morn
ing, destroying a number of buildings
in the residential section.
No rerts of probable loss of life
have been made as vet.
ion is simple. It involves no dues or
other fees.
- Following is the briefly-worded pledge
each housewife is asked to sign:
" I am glad to join you in the serv
ice of food conservation for our Na
tion and I hereby accept membership in
the United States Food Administration,
pledging myself to carry out the di
rections and advice pf the food admin
istrator in my home, insofar us my cir
cumstunccs permit.",
"A Membership Window Card"
will be delivered to each enrolling mem
ber upon receipt of the signed pledge
and from time to time suggestions will
he sent out, these suggestions, taken
us it whole, constituting a series of les
sons in home economics.
Eat Plenty But Wlaeiy
"There is no threat of privation,-"
said the food administrator ia a state
ment formallv announcing "Food
Pledge Week." "We wish only that
our people should eat plenty, but wise
ly and without waste. ' Wisdom in eat
ing is to make possible such adjust
ments in our food consumption, ship
ping and war necessities aa will allow
us to fulfil our duty in export! to our
Allies. By elimination of waste we
serve ourselves economically and moral
ly. "This is a duty of necessity, human
ity and honor. As a free people we
have elected to discharge this duty, not
iiiuler autocratic decree, but without
other restraint that the guidance of In
dividual conscience. I'pon tbe success
of this unprecedented sdventure in
democracy will largely stake the Issue
of the war."
What la Hequlred
The problem of America, aa the food
administrator sees it, ia to feed our
Allies this winter by sending them as
much food as we can of the most con
centrated nutritive value in the least
shipping space. These foods are wheat
beef, pork, dairy products and sugar.
This is to be accomplished, the houso
wives will Ije told, by eating- leas of
these and more of other fooda of which
we have an abundance, and by wasting
Iuks of all foods.
There is a superabundance of vege
tables, especially of potatoes but they
c.unnot be shipped to our Allies because
they require from four to ten times the
tonnage of more concentrated foods
and the saving of ocean tonnage ia one
of the vital problems of the war.' The
food administration, therefore, . ntgen
the libernl use of vegetables, and of
fruit, poultry, flan and other sea
foods, with a larger use of corn meal
for tbe purpose of saving wheat. As
these foods are healthful and relative
ly low in price, it points out. the Amer
ican people are not asked to endure
privation, but merely to change their
cut wig nanus, ana to aviod waste.
PRESIDEN
GRANTS
GOVERNMENT ML
TAKE THREE TVIATSON
VESSELSJ MONTH
Maul, Matsonia and Wilhelmina
To Be Commandeered and
May Go To Atlantic
PRESIDENT A"NDG0VERN0R
'WILL ENTER HAWAII SERVICE
J. A. Kennedy Believes Islands
Will Be Given At Least
Two Freighters
With the next sniling of the Mstson
flagship Maui, she probably will leave
th Islands for the Inst time on sched
ule run until after the war ends for
word was received from the mainland
yesterday afternoon that she would be
requisitioned by the Knifed States gov
ernment November 11.
The Matsonia, next in size of the
Matson fleet, will be taken over No
vetnber 2", and the Wilhelmina will go
into federal service December 2, "ac
cording to the information received
yesterday.
The aanoniieenieut nf the requisition
ing date of the Matson vessels comes
aa ,no surprise to ilonolulans for, fol
lowing the announcement a short time
ago of the government's intention to
commandeer all vessels of 25no tons
deadweight ami over, it was generally
understood thnt thene ships would be
removed from the Islsud trade about
the last of November.
It was announce. I in San Francisco
two weeks ag" that the Matson ships
would be converted into fleet scouts,
destroyer tenders and repair ships for
service in the war xones.
Passeager Ships Coming
The. message added thnt the Matson
liners) would be replaced by the steam
ers (Governor and President of the Pa
cific: Steamship Company. They were'
bnilt primarily for coastal service and,
although they have far ureater iinsseu-
.ger accommodations than any nf the
Matson liners, they have little deck
apace. Built for coast service where
the climate is more severe than that of
Hawaii, deck space was not considered
essential by the designers.
These vessels, luxurious in appoint
ments, have been in the passenger serv
ice between Seattle, Portland and Ban
Francisco for some years, although the
home port of the Pacflc Steamship Com
pany is in New York.
There is only one drawback to the
Governor and the President, and that
ia their limited cargo cHsity. Bo f-ir
aa passenger service U' concerned, Ha
waii haa been fortunate in having them
amtgwed to this fun by the federal
shipping board. However, it is be
lieved additional freight boats will be
put in the Hawaii-Coast service and
that the commandeering of the Matson
liners will work no hardship upon Is
landers, but will aid materially in giv
ing a better passenger and freight
service.
Coming as the announcement (fries
upon the heels of the rdVsHnge from San
Francisco stating that the Colombia
and KcuaOor of the Pacific Mail line
have been granted permits to operato
u fulcr the suspension of the coastwise
law and carry cargo anil passengers to
and from Honolulu, would lead to tbe
belief that the federal shipping board
had the best interests of Hawaii at
heart ami intended to supply adequate
transportation facilities at all tiniea.
Will Get Freighters
When informed yesterday afternoon
tlmt the Government had aunounced
the date for commandeering the Mat-
son vessels, J. A. Kennedy, president
of the Inter Islsud and local represen
tative of the shipping board, said that
in addition to the jiassenger ships of
the Pacific Steamship Company which
would be transferred to this run, it
is quite probable that a number of
freight carriers will be put in the Is
land service to handle -the cargoes be
twci'ti San Francisco and Honolulu.
Kennedy Retlcant About Plans
Mr. Kennedy said he had known for
some time that the shipping board con
tctuplnted putting two vessels from an
other line on the Island run, but
whether more passenger ships will be
transferred to this trade than the two
designated he would not, say. He be
lieves Hawaii will be given one or two
freight carriers. He would sny uo
more of the plans of the federal board,
stating that he was not in a )iositioii
to disclose them at thia time.
Fall From Height
Results In
Only SraaUJnjiiry
Xushida, a Japanese stevedore em
ployed by the Inter-Islaud Steam Nui
gution Company, fell from the deck of
the Muuna Kea to Pier 14, a drop of
almost forty feet, at 3:30 yesterday
afternoon, and escaped with a severe
shaking up and superficial bruises. It
was ut first thought that the man hud
been seriously injured. He landed on
his back and remained motionless un
til the arrival of tbe ambulance from
the emergency hospital.
At the time of the acuiduut. Nushidu
is said lo have been tying an automo
bile in pluce on the main deck. The
ship S railing was down and while
stepping around the outside of the ma
chine he lost his footing and fell, lie
is reported by emergency hospital at
tcmliints to have been partly under the
influence of liquor.
Miortly alter his admission to the
emergency hospital be was able to
leave.
TO CURE A COLD IN ONE DAI
take LAXATIVE BROMO QTJIMNH
(Vsblctkl. Druggist! refund money il
t i.ult to cure. Tbe signature ol
Ii W OUOVE is on each boa. Miu-
ifaituied by the PARIS MEDICINH
CO.. St lyo-ia, V, S, A.
GO.EUEllT
PRICES HUD
PRODUCTION
Retail Merchants Are Prohibited
From Exacting Undue Profits
For Certain Food Stuffs In
Sale To the Public '
WHAT WAS PAID IS MADE' r
BASIS FOR ALL PRICES
Goods Not Essential To Conduct
of War Or Actual Necessities
of People At Home Forbidden
Use of Freight Cars -
WASHINGTON, October 28
Drastic regulations of the' profits
which may be made by retail
merchants, restriction of enter
prises which are not essential to
the conduct of the war, forbid
ding of the use of freight cars
for the transportation . of. mate
rials which are not essential to
the war's conduct or absolutely
essential to the necessities of the
people of this country, were an-
-A v.. tU. t i .j . '
uvuuvcu uy me iwu siuitiiiiieua-
tion and other Washington offi-
are sucn mat incy wiu waxen o
actual recognition of the fact that
the United States is at war many .
who have heretofore , refused to
recognize or have ignored it.
1 . , . I . I .
CONSUMER PROTECTED -The
regulations announced by
the food administration, effective
tT.. u ' L- i i i ;
nuvcniucr i arc ucsigucu to pro-
1 ' -v.fT-"; .
extortion by speculators or deal-'
ers in food necessities and makes .
the basis of what may be charged
not what it would cost to replace
today but what the goods cost
the dealer when he purchased
them. . '; , '
PROFIT LIMITED
On and after November 1 no
dealer in beef, pork, pork products.
mutton, syrups, moiasscs, rice,
cooking fat or condensed milk '
-1 11 IB I w. ' ' '
anau acu sucn gooua i an un
reasonable advance over the act
ual purchase price which he paid
and he must sell at a price which
does not regard what would be
the cost of replacement of such
goods at the time of sale." . ;
Dealing with sugar the food
administration orders that "no
wholesalers shall sell or advance
their list Prices so as to exact a
profit greater than the normal
margin. ..
iLudi nico iibdiniviwv
Through other official channels
steps were taken yesterday to re
strict the operations of any and
all cntsrnriscs urViirh are) not 1i
, -
rectly essential to the meeting of
the demands and exigencies of
the war or for supplying the actr
ual necessities of the country. . .
Again effective on November 1,
the use of freight cars is forbid-,
den for the carrying of any and
all freight that may be consider
ed unessential, that is freight
which is not needed to meet war
demands, the requirements of the
government and the actual needs
of the people. Priority of ship
ment will be given to such neces
sities as may be determined to be
the most essential to the people.
Till ...' 1 1 rr a m r!ftl.k t ....... A
nils win give a iiui vi way iu
food and food stuffs over all else'
with clothing next and with fuel
for heating purposes provided for.
The unessentials, no matter how
desirable for luxuries or comfort,
must give way to the country's
need in war and to the first need
of the citizens for actual support
of life and health.
Representatives of 50,000 drug
gists have lodged protests against
the limitation, by the food control
board, of sugar to the candymak
ers. They say it means bank
ruptcy for the druggists.

xml | txt