HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, - TUESDAY, ' OCTOBER 30, ' 1917. SEMI-WEEKLY.
Subscription; Figure, Set as Maximum for Nation
Passed ' Although: Complete .Total; w3l not'be
Known for Da
Desirc! "awl; 'Local ;.plgeTpta( 'More '-tfiin
Eight MillionrrArmV Set the race for Islands.
WASHINGTON October 28 '(Associated Press) All e
pectti6fs f6r the success of the second' Liberty Loan have been!
passed by the actual results that have been obtained' by the h-
tionwide campaign of patriotiiiru' ' The""five billion 'dollar "maxi
mum has been exceeded how much U will be impossible to an
nounce for several days, but that it has been exceeded is certain
from the'figwes that .have tieeh: tabulated taken 'with the unofficial
reports that have been .received! from the various titte and bank
reserves of the country." , i :';?'. ' ';'',.'''?''.' ' ''.''."':' .,', ',
Applications for Liberty Bonds continue to flood in upon the
treasury department.' It wiU bo impossible, it is' announced, to
issue total figures before Wednesday, but no doubt is felt that the
oversubscription is fat greater" than was asked.' ' ' : ' "' r '.
.'V' Before Setretary McAdK left his office in the treasury depart
ment'late latt night td retire, he" said : '"The loan is an overwhelm-,
ing success The result has been; simply 'splendid, better than we
expected or even hoped. . The maximum has, been, exceeded. The
patriotism of the nation has spqken,"'". 1 "-'" ";'
" Reports received froin NewjYork last night said that the
scenes there resembled those of 'an election night with after thea
ter crowds gathered about and In front' 6f the 1 bulletin boards,
cheering wildly As returns were posted telling of the growing flood
of subscriptions to the loan.' "The maximum of a billion and a Half
dollars which was set for the metropolitan district has been greatly
exceeded. .;': , f-t.. ...-,
Reports from other cities, especially the large business cen
ters, tell of similar conditions. i'f ' .
ISLAND SUBSCRIBERS BOLL
f;;5if. yrw.-tt '
Liberty Loan subscriptions reported' by A.
F. Judd to noon yesterday....... $ 5,141,850
Alexander & Baldwin interests 850,000
C. Brewer & Co. interests...'...... 727,500
Numler of subscribers .
Army subscriptions Friday .
" -Army total". .
. Civilian' total ,
Grand total . . ....
GLORIOUSLY rallying to tho country'! call, Hawaii put the eapsheaf on
her second' Liberty Lotto campaign yesterday at noon with a total bond
subscription of more than eight million dollars, Of this aura nearly one
fifth was taken by the officers and inert of 'the -United States army lu Hawaii,
who iu numbers are less than one sixteenth of the population1. '
SPLENDID CAMPAIGN THROUGHOUT
All thone who have taken, part in the campaign may now look back over it
with' the satisfaction of work well done. There have been handicap., but they
have been overcome or unheeded by the workers, who have 'orged ahead with
Unremitting enthusiasm. Credit is due to each an it every one who has hud any
part in the campaign, from the executive committee down to the. Boy Scouts and
oilice boys who ran the multitudinous errands about town. -
Few indeed, if any, will be the States ou the mainland which will be able
to point to an over-subscription as great as that made by Hawaii. The original
figure net for Hawaii's quota by the executive committee Was $3,000,000. When
this sum was reached early In the'second week they set $5,000,000 as the goal to
be rencheL That amount came during the first days of the last week, and each
day since has piled up a steady growth, which sent 'the final figure for the Terri
tory at almost six and three-quarters millions.
The per capita subscription for every civilian resident of Hawaii is $26.24.
That amounts to a little over half a bond apieco for every man, woman, aud
in the Territory outsiue or ma
Armv and Navy. For the actual sub-
sc.ribers the per' cftdta 'auto'" works-out
at $831)8.47. ThisArure I rather mis
leading, as a largelproportlon Of the
sum was corporation ' purchases ia
figures la excess of $100,000. The aver
age value of the bond taken- by in
dividual subscriptions would work out
to a few hundreds apiece. By far the
larger number of subscribers took $50
or $100. bonds.
AQ Islands Represented
The total as' given at the head of
this ' column - invTudea Oahu, Kauai,
Maul and Hawaii. The -subscriptions
from the outside islands were small
compared with those' takes ia Hono
lulu but it muat be remembered that
all the plantations and 'island corpora
tions took their beud ! through the
Honolulu banks. Their stockholders
and bondholders are represented
throughout the Territory, and -each on
of those stockholder' or bondholder
has a share ia the subscription made
by his company or plantation.' Oahu
figures, ' therefore, - rep'set bond
contributor in every locality of Ha
waii, ' ' ' ..-'-
The largest single subscription yes
terday was that of the Hugar Factor's
Company! which took out -a block of
bouds of the value of $5(0,000 as anon
as the bauks were ' opened. v The last
subscriber was H. O. Da vies, one of the
men now in (raining sf the reserve
officers camp at' Hchafleld.y who- tele
phoned in his subscription, by long dls
tame at eleven flfty1ght. He got-in
on the Liberty Loan . by two minutes.
No Actual Cash. Gone -
All this money Is now Invested right
here In the Territory, - K actual cask
is to be sent away from 'Hawaii, as
huge financial transactions of this sort
are a matter': of ' transferring , credit
from one bank to another. -The money
',f t .
FROM EVERY STANDPOINT
supply of Hawaii' is not depleted by
eight millions, but the credit of the
citizens of Hawaii is really added to
eight millions, for all the bondholders
have new a security en which they can
obtain real money at any time. They
are drawing interest en it every day
that they hold it, and can. convert it
into cash at any time. ' '
' Home of the final figures which came
la yesterday inelude these of H. Hac, ti
tle Id ctt 'Co.; where -130- employee took
$23,700 worth ef bonds on the partial
payment' plan ' used ' by the 'business
houses of the eity. -. .. ;.
Nearly All 'Bubacripted
" The Oahu ' Railway ' and Land Com
pany took $1000QQ as fc corporation
subscription I addition ta this sum
897 employes took bonds to the value
of; 22,750.: Nearly every one of the
men employed by the company pur
chased oue er two bond. .Their am
paign was systematically aud Intelli
gently conducted, and Its., results show
in the excellent figures . submitted in
their last report. ''..Few. of these men
are high-salaried workers, and the buy
ing of a bond meant t practise of
severe economy for many of them, but
they volunteered freely, when tho ap
peal was'niada. ' "
The Hawaiian Dredging Company
took $25,000' for tho corporation, and
$17,000 for 180 subscribers, a report to
be proud of.' The 'B.'F. Dillingham
Company took $30,000 and $10,R00 for
sixteen employes. The figures for the
railway and other ftillijichara inter
ests were given by W, F. Oaynor, who
had 'them h f barge. "A ,"v '
Pioneers U plan ' t'
Jhe.HawaUsn Pineapple Company,
the ploueer in the easy payment plan,
did much ' to make the . second cam
paign a ' success by the ' force of Hs
example In. the first campaign in in
augurating, , He' instalment . system tvi
employes.- This plan was followed by
nearly, every large eoncern in the Ter
ritory In the second campaign, . and
resulted In a huge gain both in Bum
. I ,yer, amount of bonds
taken. The pineapple emnpany took
$flj500 worth of bonds for..eighty-oe
subscribers in this campaign. .
Therj H. lhyi A .. CUi reported
threegh R. K. Clark $0400 as the
amount taken by employes. The Hono
lulu Iron Works In a campaign handled
by J. AJ Oibb took $10,150.
J i Walalua plantation has 209 employes
..... w i.ioeny uonris wben their
payments are complete, and the amoust
they have taken readied $35,300. Wai
alua bond buyers have the largest per.
eentage of .Tapaneso of any community
yet heard from, as 114 of their sub
scribers are Japanese plantation
Ew has fifty six subscribers to $14,
250 worth of bonds. The suece of the
campaign at Kwa is largely due to the
efforts, of (leorge H. Ronton, who was
instrumental in arranging a big meet
teR ?t go today at which the
workers Heard speakers in behalf of the
bends.- C O. Heiscr was one of the
speaker and the Filipino national
guard company at Kwa turned ont at
full strength with a band to play pa
triot! errs. .L D. Marques spoke in
Portuguese and a representative of the
nawaii ' Suinpo Hha addressed the
Japanese in their own tongue.' A let
ter of thanks was sent to Mr. Benton
by the executive committee for hi ef
fort In behalf of the Liberty Loan.
'Th' city and county employes to the
number of 250 took out $14,350 in
bonds..' These include onlv the regular
workers, as James Bicknell, the auditor
of the eity and county, took no sub
scription from the day laborers On the
advice of the committee. -'-The
employes of the Moiliili and Ka
pahulu quarries to the number of nine
ty two bought Liberty Bonds. Their to
tal was $5700, making the average per
capita $6!.(5. They were divided as fol
lows. Moiliili quarry, fifty-one; Kapa
hulu quarry, eleven; stables,' twenty,
and office, ten. The nationalities rep
resented were: Portuguese, thirty -one;
Japanese, twenty-six; Hawaiians, nine
teen; Americans, fourteen, and Chinese,
two. ' ' ' "
'"''"ft- was a .composite campaign,"
said 1,, Tenney l'eck, chairman of the
executive committee yesterday, aa he
drew a long breath after sending in the
last figures to A. F. Judd at noon.
"Everybody took'' part, and everyone 'a
efforts ' counted in the success of the
whole. Hardly any firm, bank, or In
dividual can be singled out for special
praise, for everyone did his level best,
and the results were due to the efforts
of. each any every one. The army, per
haps, Is more deserving of special men
tion than any other body. They have
done 'wonders and have shown the mar
velous advantage of organization and
competition in a campaign of this
The executive committee will hold a
final meeting Monday morning at nine
o'clock. The committeemen will sum
marise the activities and results of the
campaign arid pas formal resolutions
of' thank to various individuals, com
mittees and organizations whose work
in the campaign has been instrumental
in its success. Among the individuals
sure to be mentioned is Charles R.
Fraxier, who has hail much to do with
the excellent publicity work in putting
the loaa before the public.
IN SEATTLE SERVICE
Believing that the transportation
business of the country will be in need
of complete readjustment at the close
of the war, George MvClellan, an old
time resident of Hawaii' and bow of
Heat tie, told tho members of the cham
ber of commerce Friday afternoon that
he had been asked by tho Heattle
Chamber of Commerce to serve aa a
special representative during his stay
here, and take up the question of a pos
sible Puget Hound-Hawaii service with
the business men of the Territory.
Although ho thought nothing definite
roiild- be accomplished until after the
close of the war, he left the time apro
pos to agitate the establishment of such
a service. He told the chamber mem
bers that the trade of the Islands was
far. too important to tie it up with any
He cited figures in substantiation of
his claims that the port of Seattle had
had a much larger volume of business
than Han' Francisco, : both rom the
standpoint of tonnage and wealth dur
ing the last fiscal year. Not only did
he claim every 'advantage for Seattle
that Han Francisco has, but said that
the great Northwest was the mom logi
cal port for Hawaii to deal With, ia
considering the establishment of a sec
ond line, by reason ef its railroad fa
cilities, it being tho terminal for five
transcontinental roads. He said Heat
tle sought to take nothing' from Kan.
Francisco but to add service for Ha
waii. '' - - . ill .J ' K ' ,
Mr. McClellan said he would take
the. matter ap with the commerce body
at a later date, o would not attempt
at that time to discuss the many phases
of the question.' He' thought that up'
on proper Investigation by all interest
ed in better' transportation facilities
for Hawaii,' the -feasibility of commun
ication with Seattle would be readily
seea. ' -..'. $ 1 ,-. .
No recipe lias beeu more popular than
the one fur Cauadieu war-cake. Many
IKiople like this plain cake better than
the cukes that call for butter, ecus and
milk: 2 cup of brown sugar, 8 cups of
uut water, tablespoons or lard, I tea
spoon of salt, ! teaspoon of ground eiu
uanion, 1 teaspoon of ground cloves, 1
cup of raisins.. . Boil all these ingre
dients for five mluutes after they begin
bubbling: '' When cold, add 3 cups of
flour and 2 teaspoons of soda dissolved
in 1 teaspoon of hot water. ' Bake in
two loaves in slow oven an hour sod a
HOW THE DRAFT
Fateful Lottery On Thursday So
' " Arranged That It Will Be :
' ' 'Absolutely Fair
NUMBER WANTED FOR
' 1 .SERVICE HOT SET YET
Every Registered .Man In Islands
To Be Drawn and Uncertain -'
ty Done Away With
Official word of the number of men
the Islands are expected to furnish for
the National Army, when the second
Chll comes in December or January, ha
not yet been received. ; It is taken for
granted that the notification will come
before Thursday, the. day set for the
draft drawing, when the twenty-nine
thousand and more men registered will
know just where they get off.
It is expected by Major Green that
the plan now being advocated for the
second drawing on the mainland will
be' the plaa here and that Hawaii's
first drawing will differ from the first
drawlng-on the mainland. Under this
new plan, which was the one desired
originally by Provost Marshal Crowder
the. number, of 'every registered man
will be drawn and every registered man
will know r definitely . just where he
stands. .,- .
Third and Last Number
After the draft oVThursdiiv, every
registered man 'of Hawaii will receive
his new number, which will be the third
since he entered the registration booth.
There he got a number which was writ
ten on his registration card. Recently
ne was given a second number, the reg
istratton cards having been all shufflel
and renumbered. This second number
is his "serial number.' Now, in the.
arawing, ae wtli get nis a raft number,
and that's the number that counts.'
If his draft number j below 1500 he
will know that he ha a good chane
indeed of being among the first called
to the Colore. If it should be a num
ber above 5000, he may; rest assured
that he will not be called unless the
national safety becomes seriously im
perilled. , '.' r
Only Look Complicated
' The method, for the drawing appears
complicated but is, in reality, very
simple. There are six registration dis
tricts and in each there Is some one
with Serial Number One. This makes
six men in Hawaii with Herial Number
One, six with erial Number Two and
so on up to the highest 'number on
Kanni, where the registration is. the
smallest. There are five each of each
number higher until the Maui registra-
tion Is exhausted. The higher numbers
still are held by four, then three, then
two, nntil the. very last and highest
numbers are reached, held onlv bv a
few in' the Fourth District, Oabu. Thus
the smaller numbers drawn will each
call out six men, one from each district
with that number. The higher number
will call from five down to one. '
Numbers from one to 7000 have been
written each on "a scrap of paper"
and each tucked away in a gelatine
capsule. These capsules are to-be
placed in a glass container and thor
oughly stirred up. On Thursday they
wiu oe arawn out, one by one.
The Fateful Lottery
The -first sapsule drawn will deter
mine who is to have . Number One is
the list of those to be called to the
Colors from each of the six districts.
The first capsule may. contain, the
slip on which No. 540 is written, for
cxamplo. ' Then the one in each district
who has Hcriul Number 545 becomes
Number One in hi district, -'And so
on, until the entire 7000 capsules, have
been drawn urn) each registered man
has his new und final draft number!
When the cull to the Colore eomes it
will bo for all men from Number One
to whatever other number be set, and
from each district the registered men
with these nu in hers will respond. Those
who claim exemption will be heard and
their cases punseil on. Then will come
the physicul examinations, until all
ineligible hate been weeded out or ex
empted und the tin exempted, physic
ally fit left to o into training as Na
tional Army men. r
Later, if more men are needed, an
other batch of numbers, on from those
called in the first quota, will bo sum
moned, ami so on. ,
Drawing In Public
The eereniouy next Thursday morn
ing will be open to the public, aud the
first number will be-drawn at niue
..The draft office yesterday received
approval of the names of four men for
exemption board service as' 'follows:
For.' the first division, this eity," John
Drew and -'oh n Uuild; for the second
dtv.islun, B. 1.. Marc end Alfred
Eames. " ' ;' ) .
j The numbers which appear on cards
Of those who renistered on July 31 will
Sot be the numbers drawn from tie
big glass container on November 1, it
must be remembered. All these cards
have been shuffled and reshuffled and
then have been givsn. the new serial
eumbers. k ' -'
ADMITS DIFFICULTIES OF
uERMANY AFTJER WAR ENDS
THK H A (i T K, October "9 (Asso
ciated Press) In thu Socialist Month
ly, Dr. August M idler, the Iipw social
1st undersecretary for German food
distribution, admits that after the war
Germany will liud It dirtlcult to trans
port materiuls "end still more difficult
to pay for them." He pays a biih
tribute to the organisation gradually
beiuK nailed into eiletonee in Great
Britain" uuder Premier- Lloyd George
and says: -.. - .. . .
"The British Km pi re may in many
respects fufnish us with a model. Here
practise is slrendy deeplv leavened bv
the economio principle of the greatest
poHsitiie proiiuctiou at tlie lowest possi
lie eipeudituro of. material.'''.'
Honolulu Wholesale Produce JViarket
w w quotations op q
IUTOD BY THX
Wholesale Only. 1 ' MAMttTlWCh
.-. '.. .
SMALL CONSUMERS 0AKNOT
Island - Butter, lb. ,
Kggrt, select, dosen
Kgga, No. 1, docn
Kgirs, l'uck, do.. . . .
Young Boosters, lb.
....... v.. 4 .59 Hess, lb
75 Turkeys, lb
73 Ducks, Mose. lb
60 Ducks, Pekin, lb
45 to .50 Deck, Haw., dozen . .
VEGETABLES AKD PRODUCE
.04 Bice,; Haw. seed, ct.
04 I'eanuts, lg. lb
Beans, string, green .
Beans, "trtng, wax
Beans. Lima in nod .
04 ft Peanuts, in., lb
fl.OO Oreen peppers, bell ...
11.00 Oreen peppers, chili ...
13.00 Potatoes, Is. Irish
JO Potatoes, sweet, cwt. .
40 Potatoes, tweet, red . .
3.50 Tero, ewt. ;
2.50 to 3.00 Tero, bunch
00.00 to 68.00 Tomatoes, lb
tf.50 Cucumbers, down . . .
. . .20 to .50 Limes, 100
1.25 Pineapples, cwt
1.00 Papaias, lb
Beans, Mul Red. cnt
Beans, Calico, cn t . .
Beans, small white . .
Beets, do, bunches . .
Carrot, don. bunches
Corn, .sweet, 100 cars
Corn, Haw, Ig. yel. . . .
Bice, Jsp. seed cwt. .
Bananas, Chinese, bunch
HaaanaeV Cooking, y. li.
U tapes, Isabella, lb. ..
Cattle and sheep are not bought at live, weight. They are slaughtered and
paid for 0 a dressed weight basis. Hogs weighing, up to 150 pounds .17 to .18
; r. i-.-:',." DRESSED MEAT! '
Beef, lb. .14 to .15 Mutton, lb
Veal, lb. 14 to .15 Pork, lb
HIDES, WE?, SALTED
Steer, No. 1 , lb .1 8 ' Klpe,' lb.
Steer, No. 2, lb ,l Ooat, white,
Steer, hair slip Id ' -
The following are quotations on feed.f. o. b. Honolulu:
Corn,1 sm. y'ef, tori
Com. lg. yel, ton .
Corn, cracked, ton
X'.MMI to H5.00
52.50 to 65.00
Barley, ton ....
Scratch food, tun
WEEKLY JfTArJKET LETTER
. ;'; October 26f 1917."
The division has received n ' ship
ment of Island butter this week which
la-very good nd selling for sixty eenta
a pound retail: - This is the first ship
ment of Island butter we have receiv
ed since the middle of August. -'
The price of eggs has advanced and
they are very scarce. The price is Is
land has also advanced.
Island a well as imported corn bau
dropped a ' little in price during the
past week, also the price of imported
cracked corn, barley, and oats.
Recent Reports Show That Gar
""den Isle 'Roads ' Are Splen-"
' didly HJaintained ''
Realizing that gooil roads are the
most valuable asset' of a ' community,
and especially to a country that has an
array of sc-euic points to otter the tour
ist, the island of Kauai stande fore
most In the securing of good roads and
their maintenance. .
From Waimea to Nawiliwili the mo
torist travels over a stretch of drive
way w(tich 4s simiUr to a boulevard.
One feature of the drive which is al
ways a joy to the motorist ta the pleas
ant garding of hills. Oa the whole run
between the two named points there la
not a climb that cannot be made easily
with the ordinary motor ear iu high
gear. ' ' - ' .
The steepest of the climbs is the Wai
mea hill, which is met eomiug from Li
hue at '23.5 miles. Traveling at ordi
nary epecd and with n 'rnnninir start
this hill can be negotiated easily on the
btgo gear, thus making the wholo trip
without shifting iroar. '
Credit Due Moragn
Joseph H; Moragne, countv enirineer.
is the man of the hour on Kauai, and
under his pernonal supervision the many
road improvements have 'been made. At
the present time Mr. Morague ea busy
completing a tine pieoe of road con
struction from Kealia, teu miles to
wards Hanaiei, With this stretch com
plcted, Kauai will be able to boast of
roads iu perfect condition to all points
of interest en the main, highwayav
The trip up the aide of Olekele can
von, considering that -the read is sub
ject to the ravage of tain torrents and
Ntreama sweeping down' the" 'mountain
sides is a revelation;--vs-"
Although the road along the canyon
is very narrow and 'just sufficiently
wide enough for one machine to navi
gate, there is absolutely bo danger, to
either ear or driver if the niotorist
watches the road vjueely and take ao
chances. : ... . ., x-,.'.
At Waimea the tourist will find
guides who are .thoroughly familiar
with every mile of the road aud If the
weather conditions will' not permit the
driving of an automobile over the
whole stretch of the.road arrangements
ran be made t procure horse, for the
trip farther up the' canyon. . , .
Puu Ka Pole Boad Is Good
The road to Puu Ka Pale, which bor
ders the fauious Waimea cauyou, can
be safely navigated by motor car when
weather rondltiona permit. - This 1 also
a plantation, road which branches off
the main highway at three and four
fifths mile from Waimoa toward Ke
kahu. This is a steady up-grade climb
which will have to be navigated In in
termediate gear iu many places.
Although rough Inkpots, it must be
remembered that this is also' a road
that the county does not keen up and
is searltied ud maintained by thu
plantation. The end of the route to
thu base of Puu Ka I'ele Is thirteen and
four fifths miles. This road' when iu
Kood eomlition is a beautiful drive.
Oue feature of the maintenance of
Kauai 's roads is that very little heavy
tratlie uses the roads. - Plantation rail
roads have connectioua with practically
every landing of importance, and ail
heavy freight is transported by tho
" FIIIE CONDITION
' " .:. V' I'.V.Vl. '-...'.'
DIVISION' ' October 2, 1917
- ' , . ...
BUT AT THESE FKICES
JO to .39
.an to .:3
.30 to .31
.12 to .13
1.10 to l.to
1.13 to 1 .85
. .50 to .63
.70 to .80
.in to .n
.22 to .24
Oats,' tone J . . . .
Wheat, ton . . . .
Hay,' Wsieat, ton .
Hay, Alfalfa, ton
63.00 to 04.00
03.IH) to 65.00
35.00 to 40.00
35.00 to 38.00
Fapa'ias have advanced three-fourths
of a eent a pound while pineapple and
banana have remained the same. '
The division is receiving shipments'
of Vfresh, asparagus, each day, 'teem;
Pearl City, which we are retailing (or
fifteen eent a pound. ' ; i . '" ;
There are still no Island Irish pota
toes or Island onions in the market:
those' being sold are from, California.
8weet potatoes are selling' about aa
I usual, with slight increase ia price,
I . O. B. LIGHTFOOT, -
1 A. A V.'
Impersonation Not Liked On
" Maui ahd Nine Months Jail
' Sentence Results '
.1 ! I i. Ul fc.
Maui has unearthed the brightest
young man in the' Islands, and for
fear of losing him too quickly has
placed him in jail for- a period
of nine months. The unique find an
swers to the several name of 'John
Bright, John Colburn, John Baker aad
C. Brickwood Lyman. 1
The Wailuku WVkly Times of Oeto
ber 25 gives the following account of
the meaiiderings of this young ma
John Bright has quite a record as
an imMrsoiiator. As far back as ten
years ago he passed himself off In Wai
luku as a Hito chief ' of detectives.
That was during the time of Sheriff
William hi. Saffrey, the. former sheriff
of Muni. (Shortly afterward he Went
to Honolulu, registered at the Young
Hotel as John Baker, Jr., 'and posed
as the son of Henator John Baker of
Hilo. He lived high at the hotel for
a wnilc. nn credit, until found out.
Now he has honored the Pioneer
Hotel. I.nhainaft with his presence for
two weeks, claimtnir to -be' John Col
hum of Houolnhi.- He- incurred quite
a lull, which Mine Host Ueo. iTeeland
sent tn his supposed father in - Hono
lulu for collection.- The 'bill was re
turned with the Information' that John
('olliurn had no aom ;
Next he changed hi base of oper
ations to Makawao, assuming -the
name of ('. Hriekwood Lyman, of Hilo,
He made the aequamtanee ef a Japan
esc, the owuer of an automobile,' aad
had quite a number-of jo tide. He
epreed a wish to buy the auto out
right and gave the Japanese a prom-
iasory uote for $1780. The Japanese
however, wanted him to sottlo his bill
for the many joy . rides-first,' d as
he i-ould not pay him the sun due,
.-...", ne oecome suspintoua and- in,
formed the police, and -,'that ' how
Bright now baptna ta be a guest at
Hotel Crowell. ." .. .,.'.
He w as arraigned in . the ' district
court this morning on . a charge of
i;rn cheat, pleaded guilty and was
iven nine mouths. . i '
SKIPPERS WILL APPEAR
IN POLICE COURT FOR
V 1 0 LA T ION OF RULES
MHstcr of the luter Island ateamers
Mnunu Ken, ('lnudine, Kilauea, Ksiu
liuii, si lioouer J. A. Oummlns, and
twelve -a in (in us, will be. sumnjoued to
appear in police court next Weduesday
nioiuiiig to answer to charge of having
violated the port rule aad .regulations
by entering Honolulu Harbor one half
hour after sunset and before' sunrise.
, i , i. , .., .
Why let the ehfldern rict Ihir little
bodies iii Mich a distreaalng manner
when you can so easily cure thoir colds
with a Not tie of Chamberlain 's ('outth
Hemedy Kor sale by dealers. Bemuin,
Smiili 4 t'o. Ltd. Airts. for Hawaii.
AJ erliii 'iutut.
RECORD OF BRIGHT
IS DADLY CLOUDED
rVDCO MCMT MA
Method Is Worked Out By Local
Man 'Who Makes the Improve
ment of the Kalo His Hobby
(By OEKRIT P. WILDER) V ,
The early Hawaiiana recognized .,
some 250 varieties of the kalo (arum :
esculeotum) more commonly known a '
taro. Of this number, some were in-
digenoos, while others were Introdneed
from the various: island of Polynesia,-.
although nowhere does it attain it .
perfection found here, where it he al
ways been the chief article of the
native -diet. The- Hawaiian posses
great skill in the cultivation of the
kalo: a skill which in fact, has never
been excelled, for it Is ntill cultivated
in the enclent manner.
The halo ha always beeM propnoated
by slanting the tops of the corma, tall-..
ed the hulis. These are planted wben '.
?uite green or fresh as they are cut
rom the tuber, and quickly strike
root, -either in the soft mud of .the ',
tare patch, or in the dry earth In lo
calities where there ia sufficient mois-
The question has often occurred to -
me as to jnst ia what manner the many
varieties of the kalo were produced, aa,
so far aa. I have been able to ascer
tain they seem Incapable ef self polle- -nation
- i ' r . . ;
For. a number of years I have made
eloee study of the kalo and have en- '
deavored to collect and preserve the
different varieties as they ocenr on the
various Islands of our group. It baa
been nn interesting work, in which . I ''
have bees greatly assisted by the many
eld-time. Hawaiians whom I have -met
in (he--out-of-the-way eountry districts.
1 have now a valuable eoliectioa of
some sixty varieties, together with
eonsidenable data in regard ' to their
aative-names -and habits.-.-- ,',
"Fronveloae observation of these spec
imens in- my collection, I became eon-
vlneed that by means of artificial cross- '
pollenation, seedling taroa could be
raieed: aud by so doing, doubtless elim
inate, ia a measure, the diseaeee which
areaow constantly perpetuated through
tbe planting of- iafected bulis. ftly x
periment alosg- this line have -proven
eueoescfal, aad at thia time of writing,
I- have about 100 seedling kalo plants .
whch I have produced by means of
arviflcial erose-pellenation. . , ' r
Pint From Seed - -
Thesev-ae far aa I am aware, are the
first kalo plaate to be frown trora
seed.'--':' . '.- '-..-,, v. ,'
The. accompanying eut shows the kalo
blossom and 1 it 'seed development nn
dev artificial, pollenation. f '
Figure L shews the young bud. '''
LL -The greenish -yellow a fragrant
fiorwers, r . ',:,,, - , .
III. The flower as it appears after
haviag beea emasculated, it own-nol- .
lea ' removed, ' and - bow ready to be
ernss-fertihted. .e- '
IV. Hhows a section of a blossom
with it pollen -rains. '.w
'V. hhowe the seed-capsule, with
their felly - developed seeds, -a a re
sult of 'artificial evoss-fertilixation. 'i
VI. The flower-as It appear -when
left alone, withered and lried tip." '-'
-" Kalo eeda,t which are about the siie
of grain of fine' bench sand, are ar- .
ranged in groups of f romt 6- to 8 along
the stem. ,i "'; .'?." ' .''. .!
These I carefully removed, and plant
ed in shallow pots filled with moist
eocoanot duet, m m . n ;,
I am, Indebted to Mr.' AVestgate and
the t'l 8. Ukperimehtal Htatiou for al
lowing me the use of their ant-proof
propagating fepaca for this otsge of my
work.' it i'. I it ... t..
Kalo matures all the way from 8 to
lrl months, depending on the variety. .
I hope to produee some strong, vigor
ous plants, that will' prove to be re
sistant to the kalo rot' diseases ' nhd
also to help to iaoreas' the production
of one of ou most palatable and uour-'
ishing native foods.'
When the Paclfi Wall liner Colombia
sails for Ban Francisco it will be the
first time In nineteen years that psssen-'
gers originating Tiers "Will have been -permitted
to travel 'In vessel of for
eign register without obtaining a ape- i
eial permit or pyieg the $-fM ia im
posed on all who wished to do so.
' ; Although, Htanley W. Good, the local
representative of the Paeifie Mail, ha '
received -no -word from- frta Francisco .
headquarters of passenger and freight
rates, it is presumed that rates obtain
ing on otheV line will be observed, as
standard with' the Paolle Mail vessels
wHich have received' permit to operate
under the suspension of the coastwise
law. Mr. Oood said last night that he
knows little more than what informs-,
tlon was contained In a message re
ceived from Han Francisco yesterday
which said that the Colombia and Ecua
dor would be permitted to carry pass
engers and freight from this port. "
HARDEN TOLD NOT
' "TO SPEAK IN PUBLIC
AMSTERDAM. October 'W (Asso
ciated rre)-The Berlin Ikal An
icignr yesterday announced that Max
ImiUlaa Harden, the foremost public
1st of Germany and the editor of Pi
Zukunst, ha been forbidden to make
any more public lectures. Recent
statements of Harden,' in print nnd
I f rum the platform, dealing with tho
I question of peace, have authored . the
LAI LIlllljLIII I
f i lllTII
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