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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, November 02, 1917, Image 6

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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE. - FRIDAY, .NOVEMBER' 2, 1917. '-mft-WrrrCLY.
-J.1 L!
UnGE CALL-O
if U ! '' ' . ' ' ' '
Defense-Society Presents Reso
lution To President Wilson Set
ting Forth Need of Action If
He10 Be 'Given Italy"' ';
COMPLICATION LIKELY
TO ARISE OTHERWISE
. Presence of Austrian , Represen
tatives Throughout the United
States Adds 'Jo Difficulties
That Must Be Overcome
NFAV YORK, November 1
(Associated Press) The
' trustees of the American Defense
Society yesterday.- passed a reso
lution urging' -'uport'' President
Wilson the necessity of calling a
special Session of congress to de
clare' war upon Austria, Turkey
and BnlgaTiai' -''
The trustees urge that, in view
of the necessity of sending imme
diate aid to, Italy, a state of war
between America and Austria
should le proclaimed, otherwise
embarrassing complications4 may
result'It is also pointed out that
the ' presence -of Austrian repre
sentatives throughout the United
States,' many -of whom are acting
actively1 "as ' 'spies and," agents of
Germany, adds to theifficulties
of keeping military "secrets from
the enemy and places the secret
service, aeents'and others in sit-
' nation's where they ire hampered
nnrl mharraft 5rt fpir wwb-
The arguments applying to
Austria and the necessity of a
' declaration! of.' war against that
Power, apply equally in the cases
of Turkey and, .Bulgaria, the, reso-
lution states.
It is." pointed out, that. the. regu
Iar date for the convening of con
tress lis too late. 'if the best in
terests of ; the. nation are to be
conserved."
rfj
GERMAN TROOPS TRY
Newspaper Account Says Some
Rifles Are Damaged and Of
- ficers Are Fired Upon
AM8TEBDAM, October 31 (Asso
ciated1 .Press) The newspaper ' Les
Nouvelel reports that German troops
massed. ; in. Beverloo camp, Belgium,
have mutined, the revolt being of a
very serious nature.
It is asserted that the troops were
ordered' to move to the front but re
fused. '. They damaged the!? rifles and
yen fired on their owa officers. Other
troops" were sent to cjnell the mutiny
'and the mutineers' were finally master
ed aad removed from the camp ia cat
tle trucks.
The frontier guard at Brouebot de
. eartod on October 15. '
PRO-GERMAN UPRISING
r THREATENS BRAZIL
, BCEK08 AYBEH, November 1 (As
sociated Press) -Braail is mobilizing an
army ta prevent a German', and pre-
' Germs a uprising in the south. This was
told id reports received from Bio
Janeiro lost night.
There are largo German interests in
Brazil and numbers of prominent Ger
mans, still there, "have been seeking
for weeks so put forward a pro-German
propaganda, the despatches assert. The
conspirators have been working in
sidiously to discredit the government
ef Braail and to counteract the steadily
growing renli ration of their own eoua;
try 'i doplieity. '
AT
E
BTOKHOLM, November 1 The
baa which. - the .,tTiited states has
placed upo jports ot lour Uestined
for Finland bas provoked Intense bit
terneas n th part of both tho prens
nd the peopfo of t inland. T'" mHin
tain tbey ar loyal to the AlHes and
that the action takea by tho United
States U' unfriendly. V' ;' ' , .
TO REVOLT OPENLY
UY SEEN AS
mm
Sir George Reid Tells of Preven
' ' tlon :4 of Demonstration
. Against United States ;
. NEW .TOEK, November 1 (Asso
ciated rrtiw) -l'laas for hostile naval
demonstration against the United States
by the powers of Europe were pre
vented by Britain and through the
ftrmnea of Lord Salisbury was the as
sertion of Sir George Keld, former com
misaioner to London from Australia, im
a bnnqnet hero Inst Bight in which he
spoke for the close relationship of the
two jrreat Anglo-Nnion, or at leant Eng
lish speaking nation.
In the course, of hii iipeeeh Sir
Georvr Keld pointed onf how: differ
urn had been settled, soreness healed
and the two countries had been draw
ing closer for more than a score' of
yenre. It M then that he gave to
Great Britain and to I.ord Salisbury
credit for preventing a hostile demon
atration by the navies of a number of
European nations again the United
Htatca at the time of the outbreak of
the f panldh-Ameriean war.
Approaches were made to the va
rious nations of Europe,' the speaker
asserted, and final It to Encrland.Wben
the envoys tame to Lord Halisbury he
emphatically refused to take any part
in the project. , He went even further,
said the Australian, and told them,
"If you undertake anything of that
kind yoa will find the British fleet
faring you.," . '
. This was a demoustratlon of friend
liness which cannot be denied and
which the .United States it now re
paying with full interest and without
any exactions or demands from Great
Britain, he added.
j ,
I
Control of Score of Food Com
modities Goes Into Effect
This Morning In States
WASHINGTON, November 1 (As
sociated Press)- With, the licensing of
manufacturers and dealers in a acore
of different food commodities going into
dtlevation' this morning, the food ad
nMWiifration bad last night received
fvrtV' thousand applications for the con-
Iduot of the businesses covered by the
new regulations.
Beginning this morning restriction on
the prices that the consumer must pay
for many household necessities go into
effect. It. is intended to put an effect
tual check upon hoarding, speculating
ia- these vital 'nefeasi ties and. in. the
charging ot undue profits by the re
tailers. One . of the most important
provisions covert the Utter. The price
actually paid Is the figure upon which
the retailers must make profits and what
it would eost him to replace, to replenish-and
to restock is not to be.
taken into consideration.
LICENSES SOUGH
BY RFTY THOUSAND
;e.SiliiMla couuuuea ap 10 imi evening
A- A , I
'lfigiipringn applications from tne more
rumote sbctions of the country and the
great number of applications already in
was further increased and ia expected
to total still higher by tonight.
: Immediate and strict enforcement up
on willful breaches of the regulation is
promised. ,
,..-- in . , '
TELEPHONE STRIKE
Agreement For Mediation Reach
edSeattle Girls Go Out
PAN FRANCISCO, November 1 (As
sociated Press) Avoidance of a tying
up of the business of the cities of the
Pacific Coast seemed probable last
night through the efforts of mediator
Beed. lie secured an agreement . to
postpone the strike of the telephone
girls operating on the switchboards, and
the men in the wiring and trouble de
partments who were to join the strike
in sympathy. .
Before the order to postpone and
notice of the agreement had ' reached
Seattle the telephone eompany em
ployes there bad. voted to strike im
mediately and the operators did so as
their shifts ended. That the strike has
spread to Hpokane and other northern
cities is indicated but Beed expressed
the belief that they would reUra to
work pending arbitration.
cw Sir ws .
ICIENT
BKRI.IV, November 1 (Associated
I'ress) The undersecretary of the
food department has issued aa official
statement iu which he announces that
subsistence for the nation during the
fourth yenr of the war U now assured,
the reports of the harvest being com
plete. ,
VThe potato, crop," ,h states,, .ta
over four milliiln tons above tho esti
mute, while a corn supply baa been
secured xuthVient to carry the nation
through until the harvest of 1918."
m
A TAVOBITB BTJB DOWN.
The golfer, the foot ball imye and
the all round at.lile.te know the varue
of ChaiiilierlHiii ' fain Bahu. It . is
just the thing for h rub down after a
hard game. All soreness disappears
like mat(iv enl spraini and swellings
are euie-l in one third leas time than
fcy auy other troatmeut. For sale by
alt dealers, lieiowm, Hniith k Ca Ltd.
Agts. for Iluwuii.- Advertisemeut. .
FOOD
PRO-CEOiML
- TO STOP PLEDGES
Campaign For Food Conserva
tion Goes On Successfully In
Face oft Enemy's Efforts
WASinNdTON November 1 (Aaso-
iated Freaa)Pr-GMmaB progaud
lata in the Middle West have been, it
woe discovered, striving to counteract
the efforts of the; army of volunteer
workers in the "Food Fledge Week"
campaign. Insidiously they have been
aeoking to discount .the arguments fer
economy ia foods which the newspapers
have been . publishing, insisting that
there is ao real shortage of wheat and
othef cereals, ao. reasqu why the people
of the I'tiited States ' "should deny
themselves bread and beef and other
necessities ef life ia Order that these
may be sent across the ocean to for
eigners,'' i
When the pro-German propaganda
eame to the attention of the volunteer
workers ta Chicago, 8t. Louis and other
Middle Western cities and even in some
of the smaller towns it did not daunt
them ia the least but served merely to
stimulate theta to greater efforts. .To
the specious pro-German arguments
they quickly found answers and the
work of the propagandists is proving
of no avail.. . . i t
Lord Bhondda .
Lord ' Bhondda, head of tn British
food administration yester.lny cabled
hia congratulations on the success
which the campaign is meeting and en
couraged the workers to extend their
efforts, expressing confidence in their
accomplishment of the task they have
undertaken. He briefly told what food
conservation in the United States would
mean to the Allies and the big part it
may play in the winning of the war.
From house ta house, with bundles of
pledges, some signed, some still in
blank, ia their bands, men, women and
even children, the women predominat
ing worked again iu all of the rities of
the country, la some the Hoy Scouts
played an important .part, in others the
Camp Fire Girla were greatly in evi
dence. Numbers of lodges have tnken
up the work ef aecuring pledges and
have enlisted the services of their mem
bers ia bringing their wives into mem
bership' In the National Food Adminis
tration.' Reports coming to headquar
ters here tell of success everywhere.
Women Slackers Condemned
Mrs. Thomas Preston who is beat
remembered as, Frances Folaora Cleve
land: when she waa the wife or Grover
Cleveland and who was the most popu
lar mistress of the White House in the
last half century, in a "Women's War
Service " meeting at which she was the
chief speaker said:
"Today we mothers and wives of
the soldiers of freedom face again the
old, grim fact of war," said Mrs. Pres
to a. : "But this ia. a war to end Far;
and, 'therefore, our eyes must be' dry
and our hearts unswerving for sacrifice.
More than that, wa must all serve. Not
grief, but labor j not tears, but stead
fast purpose, are worthy of' the men
who bear our colors against the enemy
of the world 's peace.
"The woman slacker is aa guilty as
the man slacker, because her power for
victory is as real as hia."
NEVV ORLEANS SUGAR
EXCHANGE IS CLOSED
NEW OBLEANS, November 1 (As
sociated Press) Following the . in
formation published ia the daily papers
yesterday moruing on the new regula
tions of the food administration and
the augar commissions anl vhieh raises
the prescribed price that may be paid
for the Cuban cane product a full cent,
nn.l in the absence of official advices
from the food administration on the
subject of prices for New Orleans augar,
the local sugar exchange closed today.
When desired instructions are, received
the exchange will reopen.
It is taken here that the raise in
price given to Cuba will automatically
ihange the agreement that was reached
between the food administration and
Louisiana producers and raise the price
a cent a pound but with bo official ad
vice as to this, the brokers determined
to close the exchange.
nWHB
NOME, Alaska, November 1 (Asso
ciated Frees) Citizens yesterday com
ingmioered a tug which was deopattih
ed to sea to search lor the schooner
White) Bear T,he ,m;hopuer, with fdui
persona a)oa,rd was blovnut to sea
by u gale tkitli raged throughout Sua
day and bus -since not been sighted.
Fenrs are entertaiaed that the schooner
bus become unsraworthy and that those
aboard are unable to. bring her back
to port. .
NEW JERSEY MAN
IS
T KENTON, New Jersey, November
1 Associated Fress) Beuedlct I'rieth
editor and publisher of the New Jersey
Frei Zeitung was indicted for treason
by the federal grand jury yesterday.
The iudirtoieut was based on the word
ing, the tone and meaning of several
urtii'les which had been published by
the (lei man paper dealing with, the posi
tion of the United States, enasea for
entry into the war aad criticism of
President Wilson, his cabinet and vari
ous ofticiul of the govorumeut.
TO SEEK SCHOONER
REFUSE FLOUR
( v ark S
Situation In . Russian Capital
Grows More Chaotic When
Provinces Will Not Let Food
Stuff Co To Chief City : .
MAYOR ASKs"ciTIZENS
TO RETAIN THEIR CALM
Anarchism Prevails In Some
! Country Districts and Efforts
Are Made To Destroy Trains
and Wreck Railroads
LONDON, Number l-(As-sodatcd
Press) -The gene
ral situation throughout - Russia
remains chaotic; with many of the
provinces evidencing a 1 hostility
towards the Petrograd govern
ment that has taken the form of
refusing to sell flour to the resi
dents of that' capital.
Yesterday the mayor of Petro
grad posted notices throughout
the city thus explaining the scat
city of bread, announcing1 that the
wheat growing- districts, m many
cases, had refused to ship flour to
the capital. : The notices urged
the citizens to remain calm, ' as
the government was preparing to
remedy this condition. Above all,
he prohibited, the holding of any
mass meeting to discuss the food
situation.'
Throughout the country dis
tricts "anarchism prevails and
various attempts tp destroy rail
road bridges and rolling stock
have been reported. Neither pas
senger nor freight trains leave
any of the principal centers nowJ
without strong military guards
aboard, to chek any attempts at
seizing the. trains or - i wrecking
them." v ' -.''''' ' " 1 k.';
Extension of Japanese Control of
, Railways In Shangtung Is
Subject of Note
FEKINO, J. Nevembor 1 . (Asso
ciated Press) The Chinese govern
ment;, through its department of for
eign affairs, yestorday aelt out to the
Powers a formal protest against the
extension of Japanese control over the
railways of , the Nhangtung Peninsula.
This protest is based on the claim Qf
China to a restoration of the sover
eignty of the Hhangtung sections over
which Germany had exercised sover
eign power and which, were captured
by Japan, The Japanese claim to all
the rights formerly- exercised by the
Germans is disputed by China, on the
grounds of the early, declaration from
Tokio that the territory would be re
stored to China at the termination of
the war and on the further grounds,
recently advanced, that China being
aow a party to, the war ia entitled to
thia restoration aow, without waiting
ntil the peace conference.
. . ,
AMERICAN AVIATOR IS
KILLED BY HIS FALL
TOKIO, November" 1 (Associated
Press) Frank ChsQdon, the Ameri
eao aviator who, has been giving a se
ries of exhibition flights ia Japan, was
killed yesterday when hie machine fell
during a flight n,t Kochio;
AFRICAN FLOOD LOSSES
LONDON, October IW Associated
press) -dx sacs iu the great floods qf
8outu, Africa will amber more than
a thousand drowned. . These estimates
include both British d, natives, ac
cording to reports from Natal which
have reached here. i .
(ifiii
WAWIINGTON, November 1
(Associated Presa) This capital
and the District of Columbia joined
tho rank of th 'dry'' territory of
the United States Jast night at mid
night, uader the. torms of the re
cently enacted legislation. The Act
pf Coneiess mukes -the district bone
dry. The closing hours of the sa
loons were marked by noisy cele
brations. ,
u miiwu
II WEST TO
GO VERN LIEU
CAft'ADA 10 DALLQT
Oil CONSCRIPTION
General Election Is To Be Held
l Decernber Seventeenth? -
; Appeals Are Issued. '
OTTAWA, Noveiriber' l(Aaaosmteil
Press) -The date for the general elec
tion in Canada was announced last
night, polling to take plaeo thronghout
the Pominioa an. December U. Th ia
suf,ia,to be whether the Consnriptien
Act, passed some weeks ago, Is to be
retained as It stands, or whethef parli
ament shall suspend the operations of
that act until a referenora of the vot
ers can be taken.
fir Robert Borden, Premier, who aow
heads a coalition govtmmeat bnt whe
is a Conservative, has issued an appeal
to the vo'ter ta U
sanahip at thia time and vote for er
apninsi tne eniorcement of tne Uon
scrhttion Act. tn bc1a k- n.in
onoe and for all during the period of
Cqnscriptioh is being opposed from
two sides. The labor nninna safe mrcrn.
lug that it is unfair U conscript maa
as capital remains ua
eonserirtted. The ati-onimas anmuttai
comes from the Roman Catholic French-
speaMng portion of the populatioa,
however. The nrfoall hsv tvion nnnnt.
Ing French-Canadian ' participation, in
mi- nu uniu auca umes as tae spar
elal claims of the church to extraordi
nary privileges are recognized by the
government,, but are especially oppos
ing conscription In thati divinity stu
dents are not exempt. :
The political campaign, which will be
fought largely along religious lines, is
certain to be a bitter one.
t
Many Provisions of
War Tax Go
Into Effect Today
Postage Costs More and So Dq
Theater Tickets. Railroad and
Steamship Fares, Wirelessi and
Cable Messages " and Other
Things. '; v' "
ManT. Of the nravisiona nf th m-a r
tax act go Into effect today and to
morrow, among Oiose being the addi.
tion of one cent 'to letters mailed for
delivery outside the city limits, . and
an additional cent to all postal cards;
A war tax of one cent for each ten
cents of admission into all theaters and
places of amusement .where admissions
are charged; 1
' Ten percent Is to be paid on all dues
paid by members of commercial, 'social,
ana at mono eiuoe a Dove tig a year;
.Bailroad and fcteamstii)) eompanitf
carrrins naasemrera. and in, vitk
which is in competition with sue' ear
ners, providing the distance competed
over is more than thirty miles, or the
charge thereof is more than thirty
cents, will be required to pay eight per
cent for passengers and three percent
on freight; . :. ,
Teleuhone. wireless. csT.la mil tola.
graph messages, posting fifteen cents
vi i.vio . on ur m is or nve. cents;
Life, marine, fire and casualty ia
suranee will be taxed on t)iA imnnnt nf
premiums paid.
Erections of tax amounts are to be
handled according to their sise. Where
the tax may .amount to 4 2 5 cents,
it will be considered aa four eents;
where the tax amounts to 4 1-2 cents,
the amount will be charged as five
eents.
The stamp tnx on documents is aol
due until December t.
F
T
8AN FRANCISCO, October 31(As
sociated Press) Forty members of the
Hawaii congressional party which ; is
on its way to the Islands arrived here
today end are .in the midst of a great
patriotic program.
They were tho guests of honor to
day at au official luncheon and many
of the members visited tho public
schools to make patriotic speeches. Part
of the dav is devoted to a!Lrkt-uiln(r
Tonight there will be huge "America
iri jna8smeetmg,
Henrv P. Davison, b'ead nt ft Rj.i1
Cross work, and other Bed Cross of
ficials will participate in the meeting
tonight. ;' .
' - ' , . '- .
A number of cases of violntlnir har
bor rcgulationa by entering port after
ninsei or Derore sunrise, came up bo
fore Judge Irwin in the noliee court
yesterday morning,' flues being imposed
iu mi I i-ont-s.
A. C. Binieraon and W. B. Bennett.
masters of steamers belonging to) tho
uiier iHiuun BToam Navigation Com
pany, were fined 423 and coats Oach.
Yoshii, Hamasaki, Takumi, Matsu
bara, Nakamoto, Kashiwabara, r Kimuv
ra, Aoki, WoBtibaro, Omoi and Kawa-
mura, skipper of saiupans, were, fnod
(if teen dollars and cost each. . . ,t ;
Vicente, charged with assault with
a weapon, was committed, for trial at
the tircuit Court. ., ; '. , ' . . ,.
Nanino, charged with, assault and
battery, was fined $50 and costs.
Ab Chong ami Ah C'bee, charged
with having che-fa ticket la posses
sion, were lined 25 ami costs. . ,:
E. A. Iiackus, charged with oporat
iug a motorcycle which did not dis
play a number as required by law was
fined five dollars and costs. '
TO PARTY FOR HAWAII
HARBOR REGULATION
TEUTO.i AliloiiiFS
AGAIIl TRY RAIDS
i
Advantage Is Taken of Moon
light and Planes Pass Qer
fenses and Cross To London
LONDON,' November i-k(Aaooisted
Pross) Taking sVvantag of the rnten-.
light bight, the )iuis rwoniH) their
ruthless ait attacks , upoa woutea and
children nd other nou -combatants last
night and the raids are still ia progress
in several parte of England
: Aircraft. Ztrmalina aa wall iIiim'
crossad the Cbanaal ami maiie an en
trance over the tlerenaet of southeast
ern England laet night. Beaching th
coast, tiiey procsedod oa toward Lon
don, , They oatue. in relays, one after
the 6thcr and as yet no reports have
been received here of the damage, Rome
bombs were dropped over the cltlee and
towns over- whkh they passed but in
the main they, made London their ob
jective. , ' ; .- , ". ...
Tho fampAigd of submarine ruthless
ntnn took a toll for the week that is
far below the access' that was claimed
for it when it was commenced and the
anmber of victims Is mneh smaller than
the Hots published in its first months.
British loanes for the week, were four
teen venae is or over WOO tons and four
under. Convoying, the Work of the
patrol fleets and the use of faster,' craft
are, all having their effect on miniinic
iag losses. 7: - . ' - ' . ;
From Borne earn the official report
that Itattea shipping loasea from the
Teuton U boat campaign for the week
were two steamers over 1600 tons and
one craft of smaller toonsgo. :
LONDON, Eng.; Or4. ol-(Aeociated
Press) Figures of British casualties for
the month of October were given out
today. Tbey are M.377.
'-. ' "'
1
Harbor Commissioners Find
Breakwater Has Made Its Gen-
erat Use Safe and Desirable
I." ' , .r- ' ....
"Tho great' federal "breakwater at
Hilo Is making conditions entirely dif
ferent from what they woro beforehand
it should be the means of fransj oing
opiuion ia favor of tho general ojo,f
tho Kuhio wharf," said W. B. Hobby,
superintendent of pubMe works, yes
terday, shortly after his return with
the board of harbor e'ommlsaioners
from a tour of the Big Island wharves.
Tho superintendent, , who "is also
chairman of the board or haAot eom
mieaioners, stated that he gave particu
lar attention : to investigating the
wharf situation as related to tides and
the movement of waters in Kuhio Bay,
aad found that tho extension of the
breakwater to Its present great length
from tho shore has completely changed
currents. 1 In bis opinion,;' the reasons
advanced some time ago against? Aise of
the wharf by large ocean-going steam
ers have been dispelled by the changed
conditions.
: lie quoted th presence of the Mat
son steamer Enterprise la the bay,
lightering all its cargo ashore instead
of using tho wharf, but arranging now
to take on. a thousand barrel of oil
from tho wharf,, necessitating h ves
sel going alongside the structure.
"Whatever reasons' the owners of
shipping concerns had against the use
of the wharf a year or more ago are
now ancient history," said . Superin
tendent Hobby. "Hislory; with refer
ence to this wharf, has been brought
up-to-date and reasons should be, also."
Tho board made its tour of tho Big
Island as per schedule, landing tt Mi
bukona, where it was found sand had
drifted in around tho concrete piers
and some dredging trill be necessary. '
The board went overland to Waimea
and thence to Kailua. Tho board felt
that the Keauhou wharf should be made
wider, and at Napoopoo minor defects
were ordered repaired.
In making .a trip over to Hookena
by aampan, the rough water almost
capaiaed the vessel. The board mem
bore oocpreased themselves pleased with
the progress of the work oa tho Honu
apo wharf.
On Sunday laat tho- party arrived at
Hilo, via Kan ami tho Volcano, and a
close inspection wao made of the Ku
hio wharf and the recommendations
that have bees mad for repair and ad
ditions, and also of tho location for the
proposed new wharf in Kuki Bay. A
meeting was held with, tho Hilo board
of trade pn the latter question. Criti
cism had boon mails with reference to
the board and its plan and site for the
new wharf, but differences appeared to
have been harmonised. '
DROWNS SUBMARINE
WASUlLWrON, October 81 (As
sociated 1'reas) Tkrao hours before
tho steamer Lewis Luokeabaca was
sunk by a torpedo, she sank an attack
ing Teuton submarine, is tho informa
tion that was brought (o an American
port by aa oflleei-oij tbj stcaowr.
Announcement was made here today
that seven of the crew of tho tor
pedoed steamer, tho armed guard and
the French pilot, have been given up
for lost.
PILES CURED IN 6 TO 14 DAYS
PA0 OJTMEN-( U guterjt4 t
cur bUttd bUedijig, kcjbing or pro
trading PILES in t to 14 days or
money refunded. . Manufactured by
the. PARIS MBDICINB. CO., St. Louia,
V, $.1
is' mm
its Spirit of
resistance
Huns Overrun Thousand Square
Miler As Result of Their Eight
.Day Drivfr Against Cadorna's
Julian Front , .t-. . '
military simfioN'
. ' v GROWS LESS SERIOUS
Stand Is Made By Troops and
Country Is United Again As a
Result of the Great Disaster
lt Has Sustained ' ' t i
VT EV YORK,.Novmbcf 1
4 . (Associated rrcss) While
the progress of ; von, Mackepsen
iu hU drive against the armies of
General Cadorna has slackened
appreciably, with the Italian re
sistance stiffening, the end of the
eighth day of the big , Teutonic
offensive finds the Germans over
running a thousand square miles
of territory. which had been cort
trollcd by Italy. Politically the
situation in Italy has cleared as
a result of the disaster in the
field, while in a military, sense
the situation has improved during
the past four days, ' the , signs of
panic that had spread throughout
the entire Italian arm having
disappeared and the Italian troops
being restored to their previous
fighting temper,
ARMY OF; PRISONERS
Official reports from Uerlirt
state that) the total number of
prisoners now taken in this great
drive is more than a hundred and
twenty 'thousand, while the toll
of big" guns abandoned' by the
Italians as they retreated from
one 'point .after another is more
thaH a thousand: The official an
nouncement also states that the
general campaign along this front
is proceeding as' planned in ad
vance by the general staff. v
Premier Orlando, who assumed
office at the head of a completed
cabinct'yesterday, marked his in
auguration to. the premiership by
sending a telegram to General
Cadorna, urging him and his army
to resist to the utmost as all Italy
stood united behind him and pre
paring to furnish him whatever
assistance- in men and supplies he
might need.
RESUME DEFENSE
Yesterday, reports from the
Italian front announced that the
Italian main army was taking up
a defensive position and prepar
ing this with all speed, while the
advance of the invaders into Ve
nctia was being hampered by the
Italian cavalry in a series of rear
guard actions.
Steps to assist Italy were pro
ceeded with yesterday at Wash
ington and an announcement was
issued by the export license board
that all restrictions on exports as
they related to Italy have been
waived for the present. A fleet':
of steamers js now loading with
fuel and munitions and these will
be rushed to sea as rapidly as pos
sible. Every governmental facili
ty is being furnished to. hasten
the clearing of these ships.
Official despatches from Rome
to Washington give a better light
upon the general situation there
and have rekindled confidence at
the capital in the eventual out
come of the Teuton drive. The
food situation is not pressing and
the bread ration allowed in Italy
is greater than that imposed
throughout Great Britain.
. 1 , ..
TWENTY-FIVE MILLION
IS LOANED TO 'BRITAIN
WASHINGTON, November 1 (Asao
elated tress)i-An additional twenty
live million dollar was loaaed by the
treasury " yesterday to Great Britain, '
twiuy placed to the, credit of the Brit
ish purchasing commission to meet tbe
bills recently incurred in tbe name., of
the Britiah government

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