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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, November 06, 1917, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1917-11-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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DEC 1 191 .
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VOL. X. NO. 89
Letters Are Hide Public felling of Compulsory Slaughter
of Surrendered Men and Wounded At Behest v
Vof Officers and Asking Intervention .
J' ' V - -''?: .-. :', V' '' . ..
WASHINGTON, November 6 (Associated Press) So horrible
have been the butcheries and atrocities perpetrated by the
forces of the Kaiser that even the German soldiery have been roused
to protest and when their own pfficers refused to hear or to heed
their pleas that they be not compelled to participate in such horrors
they turned to the American ambassador and asked that by his
' protests he seek to influence those upon- whom their prayers had
been unable to prevail. This' was
:.tj.e United Mates into the great conflict on the side of the Allies
and white Ambassador Gerard Was still in Berlin.
... The United States bureau of information is about to issue a
; series of pamphlets which wilt contain copies of letters written by
j German soldiers to Ambassador Gerard urging that he enter, formal
protest with the Kaiser's government 'against the terrible atrocities;
and horrible butcheries in which their commanders Compelled them
to parfkipate.-sickehing as it was
. ea tne actions and the spirit which impelled sseh act9. " - :
' One of the first letters which the bureau of, publicity will publish
. told" Gerard of the slaughter of. the Russians in the Masurian swamps
.with all of the horrible details'. ' Continuing the letter said: "Above
!, the thunder 'ot the cannon and the sharp crack of the rifles could
clearly be heard the heart rending -cries of the; Russians as they
begged for mercy, ': But no mercy wa shown them and when vit
desired to spare , them our captains - ordered that all should die!
:: When we protested against this
- ' for us "to do but slay,' that these
. . I Nil. - . r
. Another, of the: forthcoming publication tells,'f the's.lagliter
'of British sofdiers Avho had surrendered but were not spared. -'.'The
Englishmen had surrendered,". this letter. says'. '.'They. had given
up. their arms and considered that" they were prisoners of war and
would beltreated as such. But they were mistaken.' AVe were order
ed to gather them into small groups and when' this had been done
the order to fire was given. We wee 'told' that it was undesirable
to have so many unnecessary lives to feed.' k . "; . ;
; v .lKiliing of the wounded is told 'In a third of these letters, how
the sufferers were bayonetted as they lay helpless upon the ground,
bleeding and groaning in their pain. These were not pickd up and
sent to hospital bases for treatment. Nothing was done to relieve
them, the letter said.;"" ' ,
, l " Wounded Russians were put to'the bayonet as they lay where
they had fallen upon the field. This was done under orders and I
heard the orders issued and I saw them carried out. Can you not,
by your protests, influence Our cqmmanders 'so that we shall not be
compelled to perform; acts such a9 thee which our consciences
cannot countenance but which never the less we are compelled to
participate in." -
Other letters, all detailing with breaches of the law of war and
many of them dealing with Inhumanity toward those who had al
ready surrendered will be circulated broad cast that the people of
the United States may know the character of the enemy their sons
battle against for the freedom of the-' world,'
: ; One-tenth of Entire Supply Will
; Be Taken Over and Dis
j : tributed In Emergency
t WASHINGTON, November G (As
sociated .Pre) The government, act
; in; through lt Administrator Gar
field,' hss decided to commandeer one
teoth of all the eoat wined is the Unit-
d Htates, and an order to this effect
' .will be issued by the Tresideat, . prob-
: ably today.
The government will distribute this
' coal 'throughout ' the' country to meet
. any emergency that may arise through
. a shortage of fuel. la many section
. there Is already a coal famine, which
threatens to become worse as the eold
weather creates a greater demand for
fuel-for homes. - L
Fuel Controller Garfield Is at work
on a classification list of all industries,
listing these in their importance to
wards the war plans of the government
and according to the priority that is to
be given them la the matter of eoal
deliveries. ' In all sections, however,
the requirements of households will be
.' first filled from the government sup-
; ;,y;"
COPENHAGEN, November C (As
sociated Press) It is believed in well
. informed ' diplomatic rircles here that
the visit to Berlin "of the Austrian
premier, Cjernln, may be pretlminary
to another peace offer by the .Teutons.
L i
in the'days before the advent of
to them and greatly as they loath,
we were told that there was nothing
were, the orders, which the caota'ns
. r-- - i
LONDON. November 8 f Associated
Press) Senator Kendrlcks and Henator
Kenyort have conferred with Admiral
Sims, the American naval commander
. r.ur,,, waiers, eDisiRMg tqf naTelU
officer' views on the submarine nues- l
tlon nartlcularlr. Following tha rnn-
jcrcuue, oenaior ivenyoa gave out a
statement for himself and bis colleague
in which be said: . , .' -
"We have been convinced that the
building of many destroyers offers the
bent known antidote to th submarine
menace." ;'.', ' ' '
LONDON, November 6 (Associated
Press) Neutral Norway lost nineteen
vesnelN. during October through the
ruthless submarine policy of the Teu
tons. This report was given out. here
yesterday from the Norwegian legation
Neutrality on the part of the govern
ment has been no protection to the lives
of subjects on the seas for forty-eight
Norwegian sailors and ship ofllcers were
killed or drowued by the German U
- , ,r aTT . "miihw nncu fmv nowevcr., inia picture snows unusn omcer inspecting
portrait of Wtlhelm; found'theU ridden In one of the dueouts that wa Cadtured from'A. T.ntnnV
.. 1 1 1 1 ' ' ' ' .r !
- ' , r
t i
V l'
. "
. '
War . Experts ' Think Stronger
Positions Are Being Prepared .
In Rear Significant Silence1
, NJEWA TpBK, November eV-(Ass-eiated
. Press) Belief prevail' f that
General . Cadorna is preparing-' for. : a
further retirement and 'that the stand
which the Italians are now1 making
ulong the TSfc'liamento Eiver is tempor
ary sud preparatory to the falling back
upon stronger positions' whish .nn be
mure readily and successfully defended
and from which, when the heeessary
preparations and reorganisations' have
item made a new offensive: can be
launched,. at the: enemy.-; bueh posi
tions are, ii in believed, being now per
pared in the rear and when hey have
been put in readiness it is expected
that the Cudorna forces will fall back
upou them In good order. '
Only meager reports came from the
Italian front yesterday. The Auetro
deruiau forces were reported to have
rroHf 4 the Tsgliamento Kiver cud to
be etertittg Jieavier pressure against
the Hallun NortLern flank, ...
Jloth .iiome and Berlin were silent as
to the events of the day , on the Tren
lino ront. . ' : ."- ' Jy.
A to. the progresa of evests in
Flander and in uthar sectors, of the
Western front there prevailed a sig
nificant silence such as heretofore . has
presaged avents of supreme importance
hi the advances Of the Allies. :
Berlin, officially reported , that the
British in - Macedonia launched ea at
tack it, farce which failed. .
M'eliograd reported thai '.Biwsian
- .l.. tTA ji...;-V'V.::T.''t:HTT!
forces bad driven tbt) Turks back aloua
a eonsiderhbls front on th Black Bea,
had. forced them, front their first tines of
defense and iu some instances even
from the third series of trenches. Much
booty in guns and ammunition- had
been captured, this despatch said. .
WASHINGTON,' November" 6 Anso
elated Press) Forecast that tbt '.rail
roudl will be given the permission
which they have asked ef the Inter
Stat Commerce Commission and will
raise their, rates wa forecast yesterday
by the comptroller of currency. H
said that it had been abowa that at
present freight rate the road are un
able to maintain , their credits, and he
predicted that a decision in favor of
the roads would be given by th com
atiasiun. ., ,'
struck by a sbeQ diiririg the fighting
Interstate' Commerce ' Commis
sion's Right To learn Poli'
tical Expenses Upheld -
. WASHINGTON, November ft (Ah
sociated ' Frees) By a noteworthy hii
preme court decision rendered yester
Any, the interKtste eonimeree cooiim
siou is given wile powers of investigut
ing expenditures of railroads for politi
cal purposes. The court held tlint.
Presnleut Milton II. Hmith and other
officers of the Lou'iHville and NsMSVillii
railroads must answer the comniissiou '
iTueHt ions.
Bcfused To Make Answer
The proceciliux" 't;rew out of the re
fimnl of PreHi.lent Smith, Third Vice
President AidliKon B.' Hmith and At
torney George W. Jones to answer cer
tain question asked (luring an inves
tigation conducted in 1918 by the com
mission uinler a resolution intro
duced by Hen n tor J.uke Ia of Tennes
see, directing inquiry into the Louis
ville Nashville's practise and re
lations with other railroads; whether
It had sought to prevent other , rail
roads from euteriug its territory, or
maintained political - or legislative
agents, or made political . campaign
outributions or attempted to create
sentiments in favor of railroad plans
and against rate reductions.
The invcxtigation 'opened in -AVaHh-Ington
in May, 1916, and proceeded
without incident until questions were
asked regarding the railroad 'a political
" - ...v..-,
rriuaeu iu Biinsrr uu wuTirn 01 rvunrci, i
The questions were asked by comiuis
aiott, .
Question Propounded .. vjotV Vugc
. If President Hmith knew if any pf
the Louisville k Nashville railroad's
funds were expended in Tenn. for po
litical purposes during 1913 and charg
ed to oporating expenses! , ., -t
.- 'hattuncls of th company were er
pended iu Alabuma in 1912 and' 1913
for political purposes and charged on
the company's books to operating ex
peuses or to construction account? .
. Whether these expenditures of the
Company's funds for political purposes
were chareo to operating expenses or
on accounts of . either the
& Nashville or the Nashville,
cu ft- I'Oui rsiiroanMT
Whether these expenilitures were
charged on the books of the Louisville
t Nashville railroad to legal expenses f
What was the purpose of voucher No.
2281' for 2.0,715.00, Issued in February,
1010 in favor of the Columbia ' Trust
Company f
"Why was the entry In reference to
this voucher made in such a way as to
give no information as to the purpose
of the expenditure!
. What was the purpose of voucher
No. :t!l dated May fi, 1007, iu favor of
(Continued on Pag 3)
on the West IJ,pnt It was ohly
eolshe-vik) Party Wins Coup Over
Kerensky When Representa :
tives Are Put In Command . .
I'KTBOORAD, November 6 (Asso
.isted Press) With the Bolshe-vikl
fiiction in control of th soldiery of the
JVtrograd garrison an members of
Unit faction placed at the head of the
vicious committees which the soldiers
iintue for the government of their own
alTiiirs, excitement has prevailed in the
city since Saturday . when the coup of
the extremists was announced. The
situation of Kerensky and the provis
ional povcrument which he has hereto,
fo.e Hiicreeded in niaiatuiulng iavthe
fs e of great haxards Is highly eriCal.
At n meeting of heads of the sol
diers' committees which .was' held 'fiat-in-day
it became evtdent that the
Holslic likis, the extremist faction, had
secured the full allegiance of the I'et
rorad soldiery, won away from Ker
ensky after weeks of . couatant effort
which was at first covert but recently
became more open. . $, . : - - ',
The Bolrhe-vikls iu o radical Jn
their aims and views that they hare
frequently been termed fanatic. They
strong advocates of a separate
peace tor Hussia, a polisy which Keren
sky has from th first staunchly op-
nosed Snil Whll-h h tnH auainit'
nriiiiy ,puay mm ever; n nss been ai
0f them that,
they, cannot ae bevoud
the luesd hue and some of its leaders
icfuse rood unless it Is supplied sirn
n., .K- m n,4! r,.ii.v.J.i,'l'
The soldier bjlve KadWe'iV''''BoVern
in, committees Which UaVf baft be
consulted on various matters of import
snce and to this fact has been attri
buted much of the lack of discipline
of which complaint has been mad.
These committees hav gooe so far as
to demand the naming pf those, who
shall lead companies fad regimeatl aa4
it appears that they bav placed ad-
iierciits or the uoisbe-viki faction
such commands.
No further passport wj It br'tllUAd' t
permit Russians to leave' the-JiMitry,
was anuounced last night.
TOKIO, November 5 (Associated
Press i Japan is t furnish. Tuaa '
ministry thirty million yen for th pur
chase of war mnntion for China is th
report that la current her but which
it is not possible to, officially Confirm.
The report says that th loan ha been
negotiated and approved. It would
permit China taking a more activ part
iu the war against th central power.
Results In New York Citv and
Woman Suffrage ' ln?Evtifjrfiy
State Overshadow There and
! Three States Vote On Liquor
NEW YORK, November R (Asso
ciated Pre) The mrwt keenly eon-'
tested mayoralty ..election thi city )i!is 1
experienced In. many years conies "to
an end with the balloting tndny, al
though the eutcome may not lw known
for nearly two months, by which time
th oldier'ote must be counted.. ,' If
the contest is as Clone as it promises to
be, the young New Yorker who hav
joined the Colors will 4ecld it. v
John Purroy Mitcbel, the incumbent,
who l rnnning as an inilependent, hav
ing lost Republican nomination through
the apathy shown at the primaries by
adherents of that party, has been. mak
ing a strcsuous campnif'n for reelec
tion, assisted by two es-l'rcsidents and
one Presidential iahiliilate Taft, Boo
sevelt and Hughes as well, a many
others' nationally prominent. He Is br
ing ;oppoel, he has declared,' by those
who are pro-Uermah in their sympa
thies, who have combined to defeat him
because of his advocacy f the war and
hi well known .views en national pre
pars, lue.- - t ,.'.''' 7
ums Millquit, the Socialist candi
date, hs boen receiving strong e scour
agement on the st Hide, where he ha
been leading in the straw votes.' lie is
a pHi'iflckst and has bcn campaigning
on that basis'. , i ., - '
Hyland Ttger Candidate
Judge llylnud is the regular ' Demo
cratic nominee, ' with the. Tammany
forces solidly behind him and having
the assistance ' of the' Hearst !,
which has been attnekirg MiVfhel bit
terly. In Msuhftttan, the Peinnerati
candidate has-shown' the leadership ia
the straw wotCM,. irh Mitrhel a. close
second. V -,"'.., i '
."William" M,y Bennett t tb srrgolar
Bepublicnn nomlscy, securing th party
Choice in a ns -Vow margin- at a primary
at "which only twenty percent -of.- th
voters cast their ballots. Cli ha been
rps(Mly.Mrg4i.tto." rrsiK kM' th
contestnn the score h at. k cannot
be, elected himself and 4 hat hi candi
dacy will sunceed only .In splitting the
former fusion vote and permitting the
election' of the Tammany candidate.
Bennett has' replied by staling that he
defeated Mitchel fairly in the primary
and .that it is the mayor -wo should
rc'iwi, not be. ' - ', '' .
Yesterday,, under 'a speciat law, the
New York voters in uniform, began to
yote in their Htate aud city election,
th first ballots being cast by those on
active service in France.' During the
balloting an air battle was fought, be
tween a British .'and Oerman. airman
over the American linos, the soldier
voters suspending their ballot casting
to watch the contest. .
Woman Buffrag Alao '. .'.'''.v1
In addition to, the- mayoralty, a
attate-wide contest has been' wagedJ
Kover the question of woman' (uffrage,
wuuli wilt be decided at tne ballot hos
today. The women hav been carrying
on their campaign ever since the de
feat of the suffrage amendment two
years ago, and the announcement from
the suffrage headquarters .last night
was that there were bright chances of
carrying th Stat by a good majority.
Frohibltion In Balaaca . v.-
Prohibition ia an issue today in three
Rtatei, A ronstitutional'-ameudment is
being submitted to the voter, in Ohio.
Massachusetts will elect a governor. Iu
Virginia prohibition la involved in the i
gubernatorial nghl, . tu xtepuDlican
aadidat having mad hi campaign
n (he issue, supporting th side of the
dry. His Democratic opponent, Davis,
is being supported by those who would
swing Virginia bark into the wet col
umn and he is general! v regarded as
in favor of repealing the prohibition
legislation of the State.- '
. New Mexican voters will go to the
polls to decide whether or Aot that
Btate shall hav prohibition . written
into the Mtate constitution; At present
New Mexico Jtas local option only.
Other Htates which elect governors
today are Maryland and, New Jersey.
'; ' V
Boston Symphony Orchestra
Cannot Play Under Muck
BOSTON, November ft Associated
Press) Fearing public 'feeling nnd
that there .would he. a demonstration
agninst Muck, the leader of th Boston
hyuptynyjnrohestrt'Jt weretperutit
ted ti make another ftublta appearance
the police commissioner yesterday re
fused to permit the orchestra t render
any more public concerts under his
leadership. . '
Public feeling ,is high against Muck
ml it is freely said that h should
be interned as an alien enemy. Re
cently he tendered hi resignation as
leader of the orchestra following his
refusal to play the ''fHtar fpaugled
Banner" when asked 'to do a.',
I'util he is out of th leadership of
the organization, ther will be no con
certs permitted, polic official said last
nr i ft n Mt pnr
niniiTQ cihf;i
Arjreement between Unit e d ;
States and japan As To Spe-.V
;cial Rights In China Is Said To
Have Been Signed By Lansing
eMessage From Washington Ap
; pears To Be Confirmation of
One Received Here From To-
kio and Published Last Week
WASHINGTON,'" Ndverriber
,:: 6 '--, (Associated PfeMjV
The United States, through ' Sec
retary of - State Lansing, , has
formally recognized " the special '
interests of japan in China; ac
cording to an Oflicial 'announce
ment made in Tckirig On Friday ,
last, the ress depatfches regard- '
ing if-reaching , back : he're only,
yesterday, due fo the heavy delay
ii.t all but official message. V. ' .
The despatches were' showtj to .
Secretary i Lansing last night, by '
the - newspaper correspondents, ;
and an aHthoriiedstement in
fthe matter requested,! Tl.is Mr.
fJPin-;w!'A-ttyZ jrfeTl'a--.
ing also ; to ' discu&s the Tnatter i
with ' thT"f e presenta'tives jolthe-'
press, either to aflirrrf or deny th 1
Teking rcports.;V;, ."V . . : y
1 It is known, however, that Vt-' '
count , Ishii and oiTiciaiaT ot the .
staje department hav bejd sev- ,
ral conferences on the Chines
'juestiOa and concerning general .
international , policies - applicable .
to the .'Far, East. :'-;.wvf:-v jV:..' "'''
The' reports from Teking are
the effect that the Japanese am-,
bassador at the Chinese capital,
Baron I layashi, called at the Chi- ' : ,
nese foreign office, ori Friday and ' ;
formally notified, the Chinese
minister of foreign - affairs that ;: J
Viscount Ishii anJ Secretary f '
State Lansing have reached an
agreement whereby rthe special ' '
interests of japan in China are , ;
recognized by the United States.
A formal agreementembodying v ''
this recognition and also feaffirni
ing on the part of both the Unl- ,
ted. States and Japan; the princi
pie of the "Open Door," has been '
signed by . Special ' Ambassador
Ishii and Secretary Lansing fV; ;
This news from Peking, whkh
Secretary Lansing's . refusal to 1
deny practically confirms, is' in :
line with a special despatch from
New York whh reached The
Advertiser via Tokio and practi
cal confirmation of the news pub
lished just one1 month ago this
morning. ' That . despatch ? an
nounced that Viscount Ishii and
Secretary Lansing had reached an '
agreement on a number of im
portant points. ; -J
One was that the Japanese
navy wonld 'assume the task of
policing the Pacific, thus setting
the American , naval units on the
Pacific free for. duty in the At- .
lanjic This Was to apply to Ha
waiian waters as well as to the :
Philippines. ; s ; ' '
Another . point was ' the recoe. '
nition of Japan's paraniountcy m
the Far Last, ''Japan's policy to
wards Oiina being qow thorough
ly understood" according to the ,
despatch. .... i...''. ''!,
Agreement to take joint action
for the relief of Russia -was an
other point reached, while the
subject of the Mikado resident in
(Oonttnuad on Paga 3 .

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