V. H. ' ' i ' l r; r,
No, i v
frmr I i Miit'nll, .1 1
Tfinp'i h I urc, y,n. (!!;
1. V.'.."hr, j t. i-lon 'v. I
i hi i
latest cailed STCC::.' ' '
Oeatrlfngala M. T. per 1 I 1
Priest Hawaiian basts... 190 nas.od
. Lest .frenona . nota
ttem TXa 111313
",V VOL. X. NO. ' 1
HONOLULU; .HAWAII TERRITORY, TUESDAY; KOVEMBER 1 J' i917..SEMl-VEEKLY.
,'. VVlfOLE NUMBER 4'V
fl I -lV I V ,aV i i m i I 'ill, I .; I 1 I I I I M l H
All Hawaii m Island Kingdom,; Hies 'dead at Washington Pla
been almost Momentarily exp
tinie and again, and even after she had more than once';been thought: b have passed on, she rallied and greeted
he;.watchersryvho -surrounded ;her.v.v- ::7 -"v:',- '-; .'. ' ;-:";:;.i'v.L.;:; , ?
lie" in state in Kawaiahap Church until Saturday Avhenat
ly her home an body, Rafter tonighfyjwill
wi 1 1 be: removed to the Throne Room;: W0;:M
qeatn was issuea oy
t, .who remained behind when the others of the. parly left for Hawaii Saturday, .called Sunday morning, as reprcccn-
:? sy-.:'-.',i ?,;' .-..., ;V, ... t4-.'., , .; f- j, - " " , ' , ' .... . . ;
HEIGN AS RULING OUSHII
3HORTJSUT IN HEAI1T3 C7
HER PEOPLE WAG LCI 13'
On behalf of the visiting G)ngressional party, jSenalor Ashurst,
-iatrve of the party, to offer his condolences. ? ,
. '4 .," Washinoton Place's own sianal of -the death was the hoistinrn
of the Queen's royal standard at half mast upon the tall white flag y
Starr. as u reacned its appointed position the creamy roids or the
ensjgn caught, the. breeze lazily, revealing the design of the crowr
;; in red in the center. For an instant the folds stiffened to the breeze
. , . then drooped to thestarfc"-:'.'; V' iv'.X ; '.;;.'":.-v'':;-',.'''..''i ' .
' 'Throughout the night the same constant vigil had been main
; tained by chiefesses and attendants, watching the form so belovec
and from whose frail body the life was slowly ebbing, that had beer
kept since Thursday, r ,'ln that dimly lighted chamber, hour . by houi
those In attendance easci ths tciy cf ths monarch, chafed thr
.', , tinds v circulaticn tri to have talted. and renewed t;
. UifrVL-'.:, Rarely perceptible.- The
' . v;domhiar.r will of the once .strong woman strong mentally, stronc
' physically,. surci J ;alnst the compelling ebb' and quickened the
' llfn fnr-Dn InttrriK hi if littU ku lift Ia tho httla nraiu (lintar 9tA
1 ' the hours slowly moved and the eastern skies grew gray and then
became tinted by the sun's early glory, the thread of life grew thin-H
ner, but there was no breaking. Its strands were severed one by'l
one until tne nnai one parted, almost imperceptibly: The heart had.
siowea aown, tne ou ior tne candle or lire, . as . she had once ex
pressed the interpretation of the final moments of another queen,
ran out ana the light paiea and tuckered and was snuffed out
. .The Queen was dead the last oMhe long line of rulers thatn
ior ceniuries naa oeen sovereigns or me Hawaiis. Hoyarcy was in
deed dead, the title dying forever that had been carried by courtesy1
for nearly a Quarter of a century; after the scepter had been taken
rrom ner nana and the crown removed from her head.
; . , .v . - - . ... ATTENDANTS MOUBN . . ,
- Thar wen thoM la Uit chuobw of dattb, wbera roy&l kuMUi ilowly, rythm
leaUy war oelely waved ovar tba fU form, vbo bad grown np In tha tcio
tUUUaf fplander af tha royal courts of KaJa.kan and tha UlluokaUni. Tbay
bowad Urtr baada m tha meaulnf of tba daatb was nndvrtood, tha paaslnf of
tha Jat eiaimanl to tha tbroao of bar foraf atbara. ; . , ; ........
. At tba badaida. knaaltaf npon tha carpet, two old woman crouched, alien
and doToted, at tha aid of tha woman to whom all tba world, decade, before,
bad been bright and tba future wrapped In tha mystery which rafueed to reveal
tha tragedy to oema Into bar Ufa. ' Tbey bad enured bar service young and ware
in pia, watcnrm to tna last. . They ware dry-eyed for the loss bad been known
to them for months and months. ' .
4 Tba physidaa. had watched tha final operations of life with the certain
knowledge of tha dissolution to come, for hours before be bad seen tha signs of
tha approaching shadow of death. At midnight tha physldsn pronounced the end
near a matter af a few hours. The watchers saw little change even aa dsyUght
entered the auant eAamoar, ana then suddenly the change that all so dreaded
came. , The breathing became shorter; tha pulse became ahnoat still; the Imme
diate relatives and closest friends were summoned. Hardly were they within the
room oexore oeaia uua a com nana upon ner unuokaiant waa dead.
. , V BELLS TOLL TOR QUEEN ' , y
It was exactly half -past eight when tha physician announced the close of
LUtuokaUni's earthly career. Colonel laokea passed the sad news to Rev. Leo
pold KroU of t. Andrew's cathedral, who bad been waiting for the summons
. ' through the bight and the alow tolling of the cathedral bell told the outside world
' that the former monarch bad bean gathertd to bar forefathers. Then the bell of
i Kawalahao joined its deep-toned announcement. ' .
following the raising of tba royal standard to half-mast before Washington
Place, the American Flag over tha Capitol waa similarly raised and the Hawai
ian sag half-masted upon tha staff of tha old palace oearevt Washington Place.
' Boon that over the Armory was half-masted and then over the Judiciary build
ing, while down town many Sags were lowered out of respect to the former ruler.
The huge Hawaiian flag of Prince Kalanianaola was half masted over tha Ka-
, plolanl building. . , . - -
. Boon came many Hawaiian men, chiefs of the old regime, prepared to do
their duty according to tha plotureao.ua and solemn customs prevailing among the
Hawaii ana with respect to their alils. Among theeo were Henry F. Bertleman,
' who was a major upon the military staff of the Queen and of Kalakaua
. before bar; David Hooplli, Jr., descendant of a famous warrior high chief; Jesse
: Makalnal, Judge Hookano, John K. Kamanoulu,' William Brade, James F. Holt,
I'red W. Beck ley, William Ahla, John H. Wilson, ion of the Queen's marshal
daring ber reign, and Edmund Btlle, a time-honored friend.
Among the women who had held the loug vigil of the night were several
who bad been prominent at the royal courts of Kalakaua and Lllluokalanl. '
Y, BODY TO LIE IN STATE ,J
' To these and. to many others will be delegated the solemn task of selecting
gronpe or watchers and kahili .Werers, for when tha body haa been embalmed it
Will Ue In state), when the outward pomp of tha ceremonies will commence.
Tha body will bo embalmed by this morning and from thai! on nntll midnight
the watchers will be those from Washington place and the women who hare been
frequently calling at the noma during the past four, days. ' ,. ,
. Tonight, probably, but not earlier than nine o'clock, the remains of tnt
Qqeen will be conveyed from Washington Place to Kawalahao Church and for
mally placed to Ho tu state. Immediately watchers, four at a aide, each with t
feather kablll, under a chief watcher, will take their placet and remain ills at
during the two hours tbey eeremonloualy wavo tha kahilis over the dead Queen,
Tbey will be replaced by another octette of watchers and so on through tha night
. and the next day and for the entire week's period. Many will chant, many will
sing curgea nut m au it will be the beautiful ear-haunting melodies of Hawaii,
ana musia maao more sea py tns solemnity or the occasion.
i is. .. . - v -- ...... .. . . . . . i ' . , - . ... - r . - . j
a ir. , y jUv '1:1". "Sv".:. . -...-v
l',H . . ' '-t.' X' -- ' I
I I II
i y " n
I 11 I
'...' 111 . . . I
..!'. - ...... BBS!
ll . ': '. I y ,, . I
I I .V I
11 v I
E ' II V. N 11
lull VT I I 'll
'II II IA
I'll II U
I I 1 1 B
11 I I H
I !l III
M ' o v i n kp
lV II I!
1: A ;
1"? y- . v;,v I
Ao ? Pri vato Citizcii; r Clr
1 - .
Hqld Esteem of All
Quera Uliuolialanl, last of the eigbt
royal,. .rulers of the Hawaiian . Islands,
held andisputed sy as sovereign a
little.'less than two years bat- for- at
)eut three deadea she waa an Import-
last 'asd eonspienoua agure la the des-
tines of the- iereas-roa,:a or tha Pacific. I
interwoven la the .acventy-eightr. year
kUn of her exiatenef are tbe thrtada
of tevents that have beea tba life-a ad
visulity of (hta mid-Pacine group, now
part or tha United states of Amert
.a,1 In the story of I4uuokalani
lia is found th .history of Hswaii;
Uer years link the past and the pres
tat and. the annals of time in which
was shaped Hawaii 'a future.
Hoyal e jild, educated la Christian
ity, sought in marriage by princes of
Hawaii, wife of aa American, heir-ap
parent, regpnt, queen, deposed ruler,'
uoli ties I factor, traveler, claimant of
mClious from the United States, phi
lahtbroput, author, composer and a
wemah retired from publle life, Liliu-
okelaui lived to aee during ber roman
tic sad adventuresome career, the pass
ing of her native land from a Monarchy
tq, a Republic and thence to the most
important territorial' division of the
irreuteftt (Republic., - - '
Pha died respeeted by all within her
former Kingdom, Hawaiian aad haoiv
ulike. A private citisen, she .ill re
talueil the sentimental fealty bf the
majority of Hawaiiana, as represent
n g thvir era of Independent sovereign
ty, even though they have loyally ae
opted and now loyally support tbe
American government. .
l.iliuokalani waa bora September .2,
1818, near -the present aite of the
Queen 'a Hospital at the base of Punch
bowl. Her aama waa I.ydia Kamakae
ha. Her father was Kapaakea; ' her
mother waa Keohokalole. .. Her ances
try as she gave it in her own book,1
traces back to the foundation, of the
Kaoiehemeha dynasty) and she claimed
relationahip to tha royal family of the
Bre eoereiitna f that name.
Kapaakea was a' Hawaiian chief
surrounded by hnndreda of followers.
neonosaioie was the daughter of one
of the Sfteen counsellors of Kameba
meba 111. . .
l.iliuokalani'a grandfather, Alkana
ka, waa in rharge of the grins of the
fort on Punchbowl Hill. Her great
grandfather waa Keawe a lleulii, thivi
eouhwllor to Kamehameha I. Ia . her
autobiography, I.iliuokalaul records her
eat-graadfather aa ' a cousin . of
eoua. rather of Kamehameha I.i
.Xiliuokalanl's birth followed, by
tony odasyeara the conquest of the i
InndK by; Kamehameha I and oceurrrd;
ia the reign of Kainehaniohu III, Tbe
luinttinnaries arrived la 1820.
Her Foster Mother v
l.iliuokalanl was given sway in In
fa ii i' y by her parents to auother
ohifftaiu by whom aba was adopted ao
wording to . the Hawaiian cuHtom of
exchauging children, observed to foster
and cement the ties betweou tbe differ
ent rlana and chiefs.
i Jiliuokalaoi'a new mother, for ae
adopted Or foster motbetv" waa Kboia,",.
yranddaaghter of Kamehameha L Ko--
ma 'a husband waa Past, a hi eh chief.
They had a daughter of their owe, iier-
oiee i'auahl, who was later Mrs. Char
les B. Bishop. Mliuokalaiil'a own bar-
ent had nine other children, moat of.
whom were adopted Into other fe mi lies.
hen . four 1 yeare old, - Liliuckalani
was sent to the Boyal Bchoul. fouaaed
and conducted by Air, and Mra. Amoa
' t'ooke, the pupile all being childrer
of the royal family and the high chiefs.
l waa a boarding acbool and here Uli
tiokalani learned Enclisa well and waa
-dueattd in the teaehioirs of the Chris
tian religion. ; , ' .
Among the royal children Who were
t the school during Liliuokalanl'a'tima
were three children of Klaau,' daughter
B.ameoamena i ixt, who waa later
XJT I , ,. ... .
n.Bmeuameua I . . unoliOO.' W0 Was
later Kamehameha IV and their sister
Pnaeess Victoria.v Thro were .also
IMnce William Lanalilo, who followed
Kamehsmeha V as kings Lllluokalanl's
brother Kalakaua. who became tha ae.
loath' king of Hawaii J Ulluokalaal'a '
roster-sister; Berniee Pauahi, bad Em
ma . BooJce. who became tha
Kamehameha IV. v ',
uunnuui iaacauon. s-. . . ;.
Church attendance aad rhriatiaa
ahip were deeulv ., inariiua - i.t ..
minda of the "children at 4h
School They attended eburch every
Munday accompanied by. their teachers.
Mr. and Mra. Cooke, aad occepUd aeats -
,.-.r i prw or iae Jung. u ,
Of Liliuokalani'a abilitv a '.MM
lat school and her taste, the best de
iHcriptioa perhap eaa be. taken, from
ner personal memoirs, hha ri., i.
WM a Studious Srirl: tha .,.n.,ij.'
tion af knowledge baa been a basaioa '
with me during ay whole life, , , , .,
"in my school uays mv facitltv ia
reeding music at eight was alwaya reo '
ugnised by my instruetoia. . . .
aj -'-. pcuuui my . mu4cai
lxlucation waa eontinnaJ ttm. a '
time a opportunity, offered but I
k-ercely rememlicr , the days was it
oniu pot nave been possible for me to
. """-i u ..mi vw iii wiuiio jor
Unay neeasinn on wbluh itoctrv ae aoa
vas aeede!. To eompoee waa as ast
urul to m s. to hrtthe; and. tfcis gift
of iiature, never having been suffered
to fall -Into disuse, remained a anurea
f greatext consolation to tbl day." ,
Lilinokalahl 's rather aaiva at ate-
ments ate supported bv tbe fact that
nhe was an authoresa of abllitr id tha
Knutish a well as HaWailaa fantruaM
and was' th romnoser of aoma of tha
lest of Hawaiian munlcal works. Of
her .writings. Hawaii 'a Hiatorr. bv
Hswaii 's Queen," and "Hawaii 'a Uu
Hie," from which the above exeemts
nre taken, atand out moat prominently.
t ner numerous musical works, tha
nrlftt.4 a .ahka-!a1.k .1. 1 - V
was for many years tha Hawaiian Na
tional Anthem. It was writtea at tha
rder of ' Kamehameha V by - Iiliuo-
kalani ia a week's time and introduced
by her in the Kswaiahao Oh nre h,
(Coutlnued on Page 8, Column . 11
. . i.
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1)
cording to custom she waa more than an
xml | txt