Newspaper Page Text
' -S ' ' . ' ' '
HAWAJTAN CA7T.Yj ! fUr.SDAY, NoVeMRER": 13.- 1917. SEMt - WEEKLY.
v i v -, Finifc I if:. CtP7 Finn! ff
C ' i a I f
fftjflfd LIl W
Otw th. ewikH win V ttrn a bMotiftft VftU bf tUck tiooti font coram of
Wbtck wlU bt MtmMeaoas tb motto of
f.btfad Itasoia ftnd 0pon
At distant comer, from.th. Vi will
auuioniy iuruiuuiu muj out ui coraou
vb oar yet to do announced in
.wi. -In .n
" , " . r j ro neater inp to wnablnfftaa and Ja
th faco of her who one waa their onthronad aoyoraign. Upon her braaat wiU J ,, v f, . . .
... ... .n.w. .. r v.j,-?e .1,1 rw-. . w.i.v.n..flr "0! quietly in emi-re(ral faahjon
decoration and other insignia of her rank.
) f . ASK HAWAHAKS TO COMB
Prtnc Kalaniaaaol. oxproaaod the
to ae thalr former
mer Queen and that aU Hawaiian aocietiei participalo ia th oh-
funeral march t the royal cemetery la Nuuann VaUey whor
r. of aU her family who have ton. befor-. Many head of -ode-B'
, tl.a Prince atrdaT and announced that their ftodetie Would
eqnie and th
reat th member.
tie called upon th Prince yesterday and
turn out sad aim anpply Watcher, and
Th troBfT of th remains front
to Iolani Palace, now the executive building, will follow th ancient cnatom, and
may b a full of pageantry a when th remain, of other ruler war flvea taJ
honor. Th caaket will b born from
th. mblm of her ncrtor. and in th
of kahili and th chief. Wearln. their
In th thron room th body will 11
funeral cortege will b arranged ftnd the final Journey start for N train u. Th
body win not b plcd la th Mausoleum, but will b consigned to it nlc h
th Kalakans dynasty tomb which wa prepared for it years ago. It will b
th only body of th dynasty which ha.
BEEOEB COMPOfiXKO DIKOB ;
: ' ' Tor this occasion Oaotaln Henry Berger, for forty-four year, leader
Soval Hawailaa Band. 1 conmosinc ft
. which will b played whll the- romains
and when th funeral cortex passes to
ger composed funeral marches for Lunanlo, Queen Kaptolanl, Queen Emma, King
Kalakau. Prince David JCawananakoft.ftnd la now doing hi duty again fot. the1
aovaraioa for whom always expressed deep reye'renc,' & directed th band
whan it played for monarch going to their last rest, ftnd for now monarch, as
. they assumed th crown ho composed brilliant marches.
Tb hop ha also been expressed by
lank, who has Charge of all funeral
b worn by th people of Hawaii for at
Tha funeral will nartako of ft Wat
cm or has already proclaimed, officially,
th hop that b-Q th peopl of Bawau
voon bar final disnosition: that flac. b
guards perform their duty, that th obsequies wlU be official in their nature ae)
a last tribute, iy tai uawanan goyarnment to on wno once was na ruier. .... ,
... . . - v' - -. t MI LIT AST HOIfOBS : k . ., .-. i
Briradier-Oeneral Samuel Johnson,
finKsWHWniU OlftUiUlU a UUUVU, VVUHHBI g, www ,mww i ww-
Ouftrd. was nested ystlj to assum. chacg. of th. miUtar,rtion
th cersmoule and will bay four companies oi uawasm, one iron eacn ia.
land Oahn. HawaiL Maul and Kauai to represent th group. The, will form
. th special guard of honor, and It is presumed that General .Wlseer,' U. S. A
rntnmmndln th Hawaiian Department, and Capt. George Clark, V. S. com
mmndina Pearl Harbor Nival BtaUon.
itna av wiarch on Sundav next. '
Among th soctetios asked to aid In
! Pools, Order of Bamenamena, uraer or &aniaeouu, nui uiwi, wran kuiuuuo,
tr.i.tni Tjidn Hul Mamawalea o na Mamona, Daughters of Warriors, Ahahui
Kaahumanu, Kamehameha St boo la, Hut
" Wahlne, Ka Hal o na Aln, Kamenamena Aiumnaa Aaaociauon, ot. mw juum
V na Association," Kamehameha Schools, International Longshoremen'.. Assoc ta
' mm .a.v4it Order of Poreaters. and others yet to bo asked. " V
Military guards for Washington Plac. were provided yesterday morning by
Main Prancla J. Green, aid to the Governor, who will remain on guard through-
Out th. week under th command of Lieut. William E. Mile. Th moq wert)
Hi HMUin vinn wTiard ana
s ; EherlS Bob also nt foot-poUce,- and plain cloth, men wer supplied by1,
Chief Mc Duffle, a no one, except those who ar to aid In the earCmonla er tej
. assist In th praparaUon of the funeral is permitted to anter th building. Atrtoi (
ar not permitted to pas. tbrongn tu
on n emitted to go upon tb. rront tanais or vvasaingron rise.
. . SAD WATCHEBS ,
. '-; '" Saddest among tho who watched th Queen breath her last war probably
whs for two years hay. been constantly at the Queen', side, and of these
Mrs. LahUahl Webb has been constant, taking hr watch yery night from dusk
: to dawn, aided by tha Quan. retainer., Mr. Wbh wa on of th Qnoon'a
. cloaest personal friend. ' ,; '
Captain Ooorg Clark, commandant
Mrs. Clark caUed in th afternoon.
A mawag by wlxelee was sent to
th congressional party of tn Queen aeatn. ims wiu bm wot swbiw
' what, cutting Maul one day so that a!l member may.arriy. hr Sunday morn.
In. to nartlcipat In th official ceremonies. . ...v
' HAWAIIAN'S WAIL AND CHANT
It wa not until the .un had sunk
arriving began to wail and chant, wane tn
' mnr H.ins a rnatom handed down thron
Both tb Kamehameha School for
services of th. young women to sing at
' which wa accepted. ; '. .
Immediately after tn omciai announcemens 01 ueaui was bbjku, a ctub
' enc was hold in tho offic of tho LlUuokalanl Trust attended by Princ Kalanl-I
'anaola, Colonel luakea, W. O. Smith and D. I Withlngton, attorney for tna
" Trust concerning tn vuaen s unaie, mm iw uiuij vw u.iut coosuinuoa,. rcmpaeied,, progres
to b procured, tho. In service previously, automatically becoming null anijirive and enlightened; o much so that
void. ' : ' ' ' ' '
At St, Andrew', cathedral yesterday
tug of th hells to announce uunoxaiani oeaio,
., oati.n aarvica had smrroDriat hymns sung, and
tti. rnmntmtnn The minlstor sook
Tnntiiiud Prom I' see IV '
wber she wa leader of the choir at
' Married John Domtnl
It wa ia her childhood that Liliuo-
kalani met her future husband, John
O. Dominis, son of bb American sea
captain. A day school for children "was
established by a Mr. and Mrs. Johnston
next to th Royal ftchool. A high
adnha fence aenarated the yards of the
two schools. The boy Of the Johnrton
School would climb th fence and peer
over at the royl children,' Amonu
them wss Domini and although Liu
nokalaai had other suitor during ber
girlhood, th American of her school
day romance became her husband when
she waa twenty-four year old. At one
time Prinee Willlniri, later King Luna
lilo aeuvht Liliuokalanl ' hand in mar
ring and at another time her alliance
with Kamebamena it wbb auRgesiru,
Dorainis' father, Captain Domini
had been interested in trade in China
and California and in one of his yoy
ace around Cnpe Horn across the va-
cifls landed In Honolulu. Hi ancestors
were from Italy. Hi wife ws- an
American, born in Boston, descendant
of earlv English settlers.
Liliuokalanl lived her girlhood days
with her adopted parents, Paki and
Konia, When sh wa thirteen years
old, they moved into a new residonce
built bv Chief PskL on the now open
lot between the Young Hotel and the
Kauikeolani Building on King Htreet
Thia house was later known es the
Arliagton Hotel. Pakl died in 1855
whea Liliuokalanl was seventeen years
old, . . .;,'
Ball at Court'
Whea Bernlee Puahl, Liliuokalanl'
foster-sister, waa eighteen years old,
ah married Charle B. Bishop and oa
the death of Pakl moved,- with ber
husband to Paki's home to live with
her mother, Konia. Here for the next
eve year Liliookaluni apt'iit the life
tf a young belle tl tb royal court
"' " AC I f1 111
"5-'jr tdJ llijuf 1tllllvi
irom inra.ii .. -
LlUuokUnt "Onlpaft". ,fB toftd I
bl ground, foe bjuo ( th.
s. pUcI Mb .Udu, tb. e7ibloU Of,
w mwr wiwuu um wrra prvemuu.
noay 01 too vneon win no in ixaia wnen .v.- R.ii k
.n 1... ,iJr th- Mm .... ,.ontiulTa " limeHjrht by her
which will tact the
wish yesterday that all Hawaiian come
announced that their , aocletle would
kahili bearer. . ; ' - .
Kawalahao church next Saturday night
church to pilar amid kahilis which Wftn
glar. of kukui nut torch th. bearer
brilliant feather khuulaa. hyabol. off!
ta stato until possibly noon whan
not first rested la th Mausoleum.
dire. "Th Ulinokalani Funeral March,
are lying ia Stat at Kaw'-aho Chnrrh
th caaetery on Sunday, captain Ber
both Prince Kalaniananol and "'""ei
arrangements, tns mourning continue to
least tnr wee its alter tn junerai.
funeral in many respects, for We
th death of Her Majesty, and xprssd
wouia join in xn ceremonies anenaani
half-mastad ftnd. tn proper military
commanding the Hawaiian Katlonal
will author!, troop, to V. prosant la the
forming the eorteg ar th Anahui)
Poo 11, Chief, of Hawaii, Bat Oiwl o na
ail an nawauan.
grounaa irom on gai 10 suoun, am uo
'"'. "'' - l. ' L ' ' .
01 roan jtoaroor navai mauon, anc.
, . . .
Kallua yesterday morning to aca.uainb
In th. western heavens that Hawaiian
011. 01 to lormer ruier were cnaoxeo,
Rh generations from ancient times. '
Girls, and th KaluLani Horn, offered the
urns aunng me ponoa ot lyug-ia-vute,
' - - -
with reference to tn unen. . -. 3
Her, social career centered in, tha royal
fetes and the home-like parties, given
at the home, over which Mr. Bishop
and hi wife presided as hosts... King
Kamehameha IV would of tea pay them
an- informal visit and an evening of
dancing w ould attract other members.
of the court circle or the party would
adjourn to the house of neighbors. It
wns during this period that Dorainis
paid court to Liliuokalanl
. On June 19, 1856, King Kamehameha
IV married hmma Kooke and the royal
wedding, in which Liliuokalanl par
ticipated as a bridesmaid, in Kawala
hao Church, was made the occasion of
great festivity in Honolulu with num
erens picnics, balls sod luau. .
In Jtovembcr of that year. Liliuoka
lani, traveled with her mother, . Konia,
wno wa in nuiing health, to the Island
of Hawaii nnd later to Lahaina. It
waa during this time that Liliuokalani
became encairedl to Prince William
I.onalilo, but she later broke tb troth
and in lHtid was engaged to Dominia
whom she married September 10, 18(12.
Konia died July 2, 1857 and until her
marriage Liliuokalanl continued to live
with the Bishop.
Brld In Washington Plac
When Liliuokalanl 'became Mr
John O. Ilominis, she and ber husband
moved tp Washington Pise
tania Btret-t which Captain
hud built as a private residence,
tain Itotniiris sailed away from
!S"5,.?SrIyr- latr. d fcildr 'law Whiek permlttd,frf..W X-l?
op o". (nephew. Alexander Liholibo. Wsa pro-fof goods for th Kinir'a Wivat use i 1 " ""
ft special commemoration of thtiimed rin a. ir.mi..mi.. tv tr. V .T.irfx. A. -1 VTly?x BMV, 1 o establish 1
lulu in 1810 inst befor WashinetonllConstitutibnal
Place was completed arid was never!
heard from again. Yoiing Domini wa
iippointed on the staff of Prinee I.ot
and when the latter became Kinff Ka!
inenamena , in jNovember, 1H03, Dom-,
ini wa appointed the king's private
Hee.retary and confldentinl adviser.1
. 1 . . . . 1
Domini was later made Governor, of,
the Ixland of Oahu to which position
he was reapMlnted by succeeding
mouarens every four years until hii
death. Lihuokaluni iuvariablv aoeom
panied br husband on bla annual effi
cibi ir.p arouuu tbe island.
fw wa to imi, ,
Mimponant ;. rnaseer in twentyinearestdenta i and eitlxcris, firoiwrty own
tn,yer DTnicra, votorg and component or . -large
n,,rr "'""""'i i mo in rone eoverendrpBri ot me population or tn lsiami
ny ine reigns or-King Kamehameha
v. i.unniiio ana ra nkBna. nnTtne
"i . X.;V" - "
41; - it.pn; ' ,5 SBS;; ftf
,MI to ,.93 " . Tf,.
Mvcara af her retirement when lha &2
HOW Place In Hlstdry
M For better "bnderatnndinK 0'
aequent event that featured the life of
I.iliuokalaai it ii. neceaaary tot trace?
Z j; . v..
i bVj J . l f on1"m,l,?'!'
?' ? fl . i.n W
H"r..l h Krowth ?f gov.r.ment bV
conktitntional monarch v. 1
rym on na written that th roor j,""J","j t '"'
ardinal point in the history of Hwftii,.leni opposed them .
lira Kum.himPMi'. .nnn,.. n thMl
irroup, bcginninic in 1785; tb brrival 0f
" ta,f'onttr'M i".1'20! th vo Th ,7 hr.l.ioU
""f!?!. arlf.!! . rt.lhA
knlnnl in 1803 .ad the annexation to
tlHUhited States that followed In lftm!
iJut interwove in these chronicle
v tb annnls-ef aroveramental ehfths'osi
that irradnallyi weaned away the' Ha
waiian people and their rulur from
the theory of despotic government to a
J government o
Idom, despite, I
.Wauft and Oi
government of law, of eonstitutioo and
octal and political free
th attempt of King Ka
Queen, Lilinokalani to revert
Haolea, white men, arriving fn the
island at and after the .time of Cap.
tain - Cook discovery of the eroun
177H-79, fonnd despotie. barbaroua
idolatrous kingdom or series of king
doms, torn by tribal and factional war.
I .a vies a the government Of the Inl
and was, however, no nation ever made
a ancoeasful attempt, esneciafly hfterl
tvarnehsmeh 's, ronqnest. to deprive
them of tneif independence. But the
ihflitene of the whit man soon set to
work and even Kamehameha I by some
of bis act showed that h felt a certain
dirty toward bit subjects that generally
w, , . , . i ,
" "L"'" . XIV
This same influence bad its effect on
other chiefs and . rulers Thy were
abxiou to loam th manner, custom),
religion and government of the nation
which peopled the great mvsteriou na
kaowa . world .aoshnwhera bevond Ha
waii and were ready to adoct. ia Darts
nt least, those law and custom which
they recognized as - better than their
own and s adequate . preventatives
againM the danger to thpir power ftnd
the independence of Hawaii, that ever
thrrtaed from foreign quartern. Thei
roreaaw that a eondrtioa of uwleasnesa
lisclosed here would iavit th intef
Iventio of European government.
It remarnea for Karaehanfoha It! to
promulgate, th 'J'lfBt Const itutioa bf
Uawaii,", October 8. 184.0. Thereafter
th growth, of eonstftnHonal govern
ment was rapid. ' Th constitution con
tiined a declaration of richt: freedom
of religion wa dsglaredj the right of
redress fo pe rtohal injuries and trial
to establish guilt wer declared,-, the!
prerogatives 1 of the King wer et
forth: a legislature with two house
and a supreme court were established
und the importance of education was,
recognised. Following this a complete'
and exhaustive cod oflawswaa en i
aciea .including one Wat changed the:
land-holding system from feudal to mod i
This mov divided the
1 u vuuuhiuh, inn anove U1V1.
lands of the Island into th re
roughly (peaking, that reserved
King a aa estate incident
erown, that held by th chief and by
some of the common people ia " fee
simple and that tranaferred to the rain
iater of interior aa publi domain. j
In 1S52 Kamehamvba III granted V
reimied Until hi death. November 30.
1863, ana was succeeded by Kameha
meha V. The next year, 18(54, after a
si ormy period .k with -ft constitutional
convention1,-- which he dissolved, , tho
iving promulgated a new constitution,!
and thereafter affairs ran smoothly
until hi death, in. 1872, with, no on
named al successor.
Election of LtinaUl '
Tk, -i....i . ru..:i ir.ii. .:.
iril- v . Jfir. 7"
...g uy tn. .egismiure xooa p.ace
. A ... "c'rru uniui oi ji lima, j wo sunder th Kimr'a nrivBta a nature m.'
, King. Hi reiea lasted littk-1 x.r-LLtL' -JlL Ai'ii'j 1-..I
tbaa a year, and he, too. died, in i. '..j.t 1
' 1 ' wceer t- thel opponent, 'foreigners, "
. .1 as nay A X 11 J
by a riotous pfotevt by the
of Queen Emma, who w a rival can
iu ... ;.!... '
Calaal's brother, and it 1. at thia point'
that she enters inta the hlatorieal an
i ruiti . rviniF nil... ft. w.. i.imin
nals of Hawaii aa a tiolitieal factor. 1
.Aa- th preceding historical review
idicatea, the HawaU of Liliuokalani.
time wa aew country compared, witli
that of the time of. Kamehameha I or
Dvamenamena m, in natural com'
mercial anit trniiialrla.1 twIftHnna mmrv
at that time, s alwaya, , with the,
L nitcd etate. K-aiaxaua, in raet, nav-t
ing won hi cbiaf support from Amer-J
icans by reason of bis .friendlinesn
rrurunrj xz, juf nq vu TOiiowou ' t. . - r
1 il . .ji -...'joni thii rfoqo flpvelooed a 1
nUBr.anuM.uwrnru.Aittvr.ca Buu ui. Buiifwrt vv '
in Bete-Eproiee to sec ore treaty of eommerl
Dominis tyial reciprocity with i th i United
ee. Capl4t.tei ' 1
tn Hono4 Hawaii had taken it . place a e
toward America and hi support of tb
Monarchy amontf the
Vdwcrs of th
th world; it Independence
a , recognised by practically vall the
rant nation, treaties had been aego-
lafed with most of ( them, commerce
and trade had made wonderfut strides,)
th subsequent signing of the Be -
ciprnnity reaty with tbe Dnnwi
with tbe '
........ v.wuuv vm tm mum . . t
sugnr equalled possibly only , by th. '
present day roierity: the ruler and
members of th rovl families had
made visits to other parts of the
world; but moat important, tha Anglo
Saxun rac had not only oxplored,ytJnitd ftte cruiser Charleston. HeIl,lEi denounced th- cabinet nd(
ettled and acnf miaslnnarie to the In
nto threeilBnds-bot had bceom firmly rooted
indelibly atampleg Anglo-Saann man
inm. mnihmt in h t nn. Mn.tnnn
JIZJ" r J
payiog eiaaa or th community cooaiat-
d largely of ithitet from Knropo and
l America, and their deeaendanta. They
had become abaolutely identified
the eountrv. , Tbcr- wpr memhera of
the cabinet of the lejrlalature ftnd of I'
the court and leader in. tb support
of ft liberal proirrewiv government in-
ier ..a tndepeirtlent limited monarchy
with a parlinraeatary system patterned
-Bartor that of OreBt Britain. A larce
minority of th native Hawaiian eo
noperated with the white. Th
it Wa With this aettlnff that Liliu
l0K,nm " nr orowier iting jvainxaua'
uU0nt of. If not lwayi 4tti -rtor Uii
...I .... . -
buu oP.pori.rn,. Between uoeraiism, ana.
tb tram of clash b etwees demoeracvVli.i. ........ L
Tlhe-n ftot ot.UHZZh f!
to appoint a heir apparent to provideian "' n7h " A- . "
for oHntinuu. sncceaaion of the throneS? nli ! it j A, .". f
in hi family. - Ill first appointee, Le-
leiohoku, , his ..younger brother. . died
in -youth. Liliuokalanl was the. pro
claimed heir-apparent on April 10, JS77
I -In the latter phrt of 18S0. Kin K
lakauk with a cnti
American Vent on hi famous triit?
arouna tne world.. He returned Octo
ber 2, 1881. During his absence. Li 11
uokalani, then. Prinees Lydia Kama
kaeha, waa reeent of the Kincdom.
Liliuokalhni next' experienced On of
the great event of ber life, her trip1
to London tb attend the golden jubilee
eeieorarion or tueon Victoria. , With
Oueen Kapiolani, C P. IauVea, J. II.
Boyd and John O. Domini s, her hus
t. . a . w 1 i . m .
i" tkT n ""'' AT - "l
121887. 'Queen Kapiolani and JjHu-flr
-1. .1-1 - I i !. i ... 11
''' wrre itobitbu everywoere wii"
related with pride how she wa krasedii, ,,m. " :'. . ' " . V,
arn emDraeed tr yneen Victoria.
These were the days of great royala
festivals and (every
' ocension and vent
wa made an exeus bv royalty for a
Hawaiian festival, laating days with its
ernl barbario ' ftaatHig. dftncinii . and
extravagance., -Kueh a. celebration was
held on the-'King' return from bis
wona trip. Another, was held ,oa th
- . . . . ... ...
oaeairton of the Kinff's belated corona-
Hon, Bine years after, hi accession. t.
the thtan -inS 'till .nrrfh. fcM
rth .hi fttrh -birthaay,
a xpoyai uostgi
Liliuokalaof. a PrTiwes's r.ydia Ka-Br?
makaeha. heir-apparent and gVnt inlH" """VyF ae,1,'" "o supreme
her broth.r' absence,, w the aoV-aftE"01? tbt . term rfjthe last cabinet
at many sucfr .v.nts. a notable onb Wl11"? ?x''.lr5d i,B .tU K"K Qneen Lill-
ing her reception In Iolani Palae. the!"" .al .w,g .'.hi.? to andrwtbe.nratf
IroyaT, center , tit festivities, in Decenl-
ber, I8i0, during her brother's last tripfs.,on 'W'TO ! eonditiond
to, the mtinUnd. .. Liliuokalanl had m.r., T"!:"uw " eaomet so .4
mediately assumed; Her royal poitiontlr" : ? S "i ftppointments
nnea, sne was named heir-apparent
1877, and toured, tie, Islands to an
nounce nerseir. to her peopl,
Constitutional covernment dnrins
tn Teign pf. King , KalaTiaua sailed
rough eaa. ,' "Record show no lesa than
thirteen ; different , cabinet and the
political, arena , wii a center of eon l
itnnt torm. . Latect. power of abo:,
llurioiu in th eonstitntion nf ISHi
Speedily developed .by Kinc Kelakaua
'jrovernment officer befnn- nominated as
(candidate on the "BoV! Tickft"'.nd
Upported with th fnll ipoWer p' th-
'tvernmentiand tha p
,of tb King. the 'ell
ecf orate, wo .
:t.anki i. ir:i.-:.:.!- '7.
'aln. franked tbronch 'tha fC..i.ton Ho,,.,,
. . . -
i;fT .-,1 .'...j .... .i," .
.. w... .t! Vi-.. , n-t.
" foreigner' wer trying to control
wumw imwrvt wer epureit
,h country, decided to keen ur the
11 all . V. --- .
r nrst, aecret wnose pur,.
os wa to restore and maintain eon
. - ' - ---- -
-titutionaliam. in HawaiU..
.BofOim. Agreed To .
1 -l'inally, after a demonstration 'mass
meeting of the ducted, commercial,
i'axpaymg and propertyholding clos of
)"" wmmuniiy, supporica Dy tn popu
)1 ace, King Kalakaua, thoroughly alarm
. (ed, gave wy Uofor th unanimity of!
. sentiment ftnd agreed to a new eousti
Jtution, tha Constitution Of ' 1887M pro
'lo.TTIAi Jillw A '
This wa twenty days bofg're Liliiio
kalani' return from London. Sh ar
rived in Honolulu to And that her
m uumiiiuiu , iv .unu .ljuhi, hit
, hrother had signed th document which'
jh alwaya referred toJ ",The Bay )
lonet Constitutioo,'' ,' -.' , , " 1
l ' King Kalakaua, 'after ; recovering
from hi first terror at tb strength of
th opposition to him, ..began a y
tematic campaign .gainst th new eon-
ntitution and it supporters, aided bv.
jlii (later,, who continued the ctiv
ities whea' ahc 'sueorcded to the fhronc
In this final alt-le for, the lif or
'.loath of. tonstitutionalistn in Hawaii
wai written LllludVlani ' dbwafa
In monarcb. !?.'. .
In NovrmW 1890.. In briWr to
crult bis failing "health, King Kal
kaua, took a tip to CnliforuU a a
ueat OT Keaf-Admiral Browa oa the,
16 ItAKnmi as r a awtaaia ak&M. ..A t i
held full .Way. V - , :?;- . ' Ji,.; "it
J ivywinmu B Ml7v .BlUD IUU UlUCIBCV " Y
Although', many , native, tlaw'aiiann
joined with' the white In opposition to
th King' iburs. most Of them thought
f IUii sTAVmrif.nl aMrl aaarsawar APf ten
It given ft royal welcome by al . ,',
. . . ... wa. . .. . i
" li"' f rBifiiw tM in ftnntlirrr
i.nnrornia. . iuij health, which, wmc
'n nni iq n?e iiccn ve'icfitorl fy tl
yi'KT'. ianeo . ropiuiy. He die.i j
Tl'iary XV, Jl m the. Palace , Hotel,'
,an rrancisco. ilia Tftiioin.
n .VI v.. -A. " . w,'h .!.
Ijinj- fuheral eeremoniea-- end Started
hark 10 Honolulu. v i , 1
iJoy Yurnad to Grief " , V;,!
f Vi T tcJ .."T.:,u:
iivini- air tu .January and extcnaivi
limn. MIIAII. teiw. 1 M . . 1 . . .III I 1 . , . . 1 . . I , 1 u
kfttani, tb reeeiv him In klny . yU JfhVd 'PP -tb. roy.l .W ItXZ U-. aT
X W,t,0,i,,M7 ' th ahiplretroRrUT tha .o.oe draitic rncsorc' IZa Btata. t ? tt
with th. black Baits, A the Charle. rlmuat b takea to Mot. .the .t ..... 'lljn tsd. B?",M t"XP. "bo had r.-
on was highted It ,, that there .tt.mpti.Vf the 'royal family t, " .w'thol. ? .hw'Xn. '.t
rould be a roval fin..i 1-..-- 1 :i v , ' ' 1 aboard tholr hip. thn endlnc
ro4l home-comintr. The ruia rtoekffli.r ritrhta
in Honolulu barb
th welrrttnlnj? dceV)rntinna nddenlv
hTifredit thoKr of ionrlnr "t
That date, Janunry , l91, Princes
r.ydift Kanmkaeha, recent, heir p I
untent and sister of, tn late Itloctook
ine oatn to support . the eonstitutipn
una wa proclaimed ruler of U If. I
na wa procli
1 under th tit) of. Her ,ievUi
h Liliooknlani. Oa 'the! f. we,
?V lh J'rinces Vic.foriR'imIne
ninth of Mkrc
n a it : . . i t j . . r - k
- dn7iT Ia
,'i'. - fPirriii.,
. . ii.u cwiiimurq uirviici)'
out the 'reign of LOnnlilo , and Kal
kau tO h61d pohitipn of importance n
th KUigdom, Dpsidea'W piac a Oo-.
crnor of Oabu. He wa at otia time
or anMher Oovem.r of tha lhlHnd of
Maui; eomiuissioner Of th adminlstra
tion.of the erown lands; attached to
the suit of King Kalnkaua on his Visit
to the Cnlted Huteaj 1874 ih th in
terests of reciprocity and ft member of
in Hawaiian embassy to Queea Vihr
- at - preci1y M .tjirt who.
, t.iAa 1.1.' . ,
. , . .
- - ""v - mvj uia tauDBfl
B,., i t i T 1 '"'1lclT n
: : V, W Vw "wra or gov
i" ,"J" or. ur cession,
iHne.visiroa lae ,M01okai leper ttle
Jment and later made a tour of thn la-
land. On the aaniversnrv of hr
...in- on l.i,m.L 17.
only anniversary . lu) was to celebrate
as ,uen, ber majesty hold a grand r
eoption in Iolani Ialaeo. ' .. f f, ,
Political affairs, , however,' received
. wtauuc w Br. A. not.. T TtTfnT flt
ner nrst attention. . Queen Uliuokalan
renewed with determination - tb. nn
(teat begun wy.'lior .brother, Kalakaua
bob estrictloihj on the power of
. ber opppntr1. ' i The" Jo
unmeaiaiulY Oissatisfactln w. .a
t ine manner r&which thia nw
exercfte. .. .. '
ine new ministry commissioned by
Huvn consiBiea. or rsmuel I'arker
minister of foreign affair; C. :N. Hpen
cer, minister of the interior; H. A
Widemann, minister of finaneoL and W
A; Whiting, attorney-generalo ' . ' .
ConstitntlntiaJ ririrtm - s
Minoy domestic affair were' theonlv'
suriace,, indication of
' r. u,"n oy persistent 'Mrugcle.4
! !L $ 0PPntt parties ' In th
L P8""". , nSlet buret ant.
..17 "B-uo, not aoaiing un
p.. ...o uiiiiiiuuoui ensi wa reached
,r ne next year.
. ' r iMutM(JUOuilnmiiinipl fchich ha1 liaaii li.l.
rona a lupuee. . lift i H.,T a ,.. 07 V
nmVral of th. tW I Th Uaibrf Btata. eiWr 'Bo.ton'
ft ml Bo tl HTfeaW'.-1he lfnklhft4 "Trt 1" Honolulu harbor from
ort ' ' WhVwfe unexpectedly, two day. be I
)' ? ' v :: " ilher m
he legisil'ty in
try tookU" be
the last. week ofM'sebs
'Du.nf 'Bht months
lature, four chaagea
bjll granting a franchise
eU a an act !lfnsinir tha. a.ln nf
same, voters an, able and
v.uuri was .voicn out, Janu
lary 13, V03..two.day,Dora' the pro
, Meanwhile tbe Uucn 'had Vaoeed
new. Constitution ta v Ar. W.n i.
ftt. trikmg three di?ect blon Tat the
heart of oynstit,utloh;a) government and
ih right of. the Bon-irawniian veai-
UnUvf the Islands. .... By thU docu-J
..-(, ruuin or ip pnneipal obeek on
th, power fit the tfrown weeTto be re
-i-oved, the exi,stihg guarantees of the
irdcpe'ndcncev.- flf , the enr-reaie court
were to Vlimroatcd-, hnd only Ha
waiian subjects Wer. to b apowod to!
. ..... luistiBMt icatvre jwas an open!
Kttemilt frt ftMimiftu o Cr.m ..J . 1
3. .:t.i? l V. " 7 ' '. "" '"J
r lianlca. ilfv i. hiiltiim .....1
Onatitufion of 8X7 aobVAsiafia. aliens!
no were property,,, owner ind Tei-
lents, .who-toolt, the pi.fhf, .llegianee
Harm, were uuoweq
1 ut being irmaljy' nati
'louuidng their homo govtrnmenta
ms gave Tuem an oppOrtumfy,
'Oct their intercirta. ' .. .
7 hi bold, httempt n Queen Lilino
- lrIni ' part to disenfranchise the son
native Hawaiian voters of th Island
wa one of tne Chief ana VnmodUte
I ause pf th 'event that foUowed,
Day of Excitement , . f
' Preparation had "been made by th,
'Jueen to , 'procjtilru the' new ' sonstitu
tion al;. the Pnlncp, Janury, 14. 1803,'
ifuciii..-.jr B...-r me icgisiaiur naou
tieen prorogued,' iu the presence of the,
legislator, th 'Chief orHwer' of tte
nd the fliploiiiatlfl : edrpi, The ,goy-
. iimtiii .ruujiiB wrrp u(iiwn np anuer
irma and ,a Joj-ge crowd bf sympathu
r With the tiroioct iif (Junen llinn
'(Blanl 'assemliled in 'arid i.round Tnlnni
I'olnce.'. ' Xt lhi irticM moment tbe'
katilnet refused to ijfn th document'
nnd appealed to leding; citUen for
idvVee an Support. ( ''
Alter 'a, hmg and exciting argument
tth her cabinet, Queen Uliuokalavi
partially yielded. From the balcony of,
I.L- - . " . . . ... - J
ime paiace sue addressed tb assem-
Pointed that, with deep regret, the. bud
i . . t. .
.been ODiicea to postpone tor tn pre,
jcnl the proclamation of the aew con
n I Then followed dhyt of tena en fft
?l,'Jmrnt in Honolulu with the, Queen bit
n""r,7 disappointed at bring frnatrntrH
Miiin the execution of her deaign and the
(halnty . of
jjthem 'of th.
of .the eitt in hourly nnccr '
eoewed Move to deprive
their Hrhti and freedom.
The, Whole' iirmr aerve'd to brinj to'
la, need ine in inert o latent feeling
jamon( both the profrreaaive and con
mi 14 tAW
'il. 4mm V. - 1 .; . r
1110 vuio un v UUKlDfH uri OI
the Community to ren.ider the aitua
tloa,; Heciignixiag, thy a Criai bad
... H.f.4 .kiw fc,-K.. iJ
whose hands was plaeed th work 'of.
ng .way and mean to adequate I
meet the situation. .They proceeded.
mediately with the formation of a.
..,h-e Joluoteer ihilitufj
w vAiiinn v ft'iru " I .
procloimdilnnn.s. .,,;fc' v'.i j;S.J' i
Vu7in . '-""""prrom tb Boston.
iii - ' Vfl Aeoordlngly, :
ine eommitio. or safety caned a
ms meeting for the afternoon of!
January 10. Thht morhiitg, Queeh 1
T.ilitinknlanl ' riuKll.k.4 Jul....:..'
thatthenceforth ehaage ia th eonsti
tution. WOuld be sought "only by meth
d provlded in th. .Constitution
itself. .' ,-, . .' '..,' .i
The mas meeting oa the aftarnoon1
of the sixteenth, crystallisiag th ati
ment of the community and disregard1
ing the Que. a' statement ot apparent!
surrender, ratined the actioa of the
committee, hand authorised it to take
all necessary step to carry; it bbjectvl
Irin. w.. lhn.1.,1 fn TTn.nlnK. u
- - - r ,
after the mas meeting to profert the
1: - '. . . . - V, . ' ,
B've Of Amerieaa eitiaen and to guard;
fcineir property la case oi rioting ar in
ncenaiansm. .s. . w ;
On th nest day. Jabaary 17. th or
tranization or tb I'roviaional Govern
ment' Wa :oomplofed by the appoint
lfrt . n
. --.v....UUw. Vf uur
mrmn.ri .nri an mnv lutr .mm.,
. . ..
fourteen member with general legtslfe
tiv authority.. , Banford B. Dol. nre
3sidd over the executive council of th.
i roviBioBsi Government and . waa tnln
ifcter of fora'ign affairs. The other mem
Per were J. A, King, minister of rth
interior; P. C. Jones, minister of it
nance, and 'William O. Smith, attorney
general. ; :; . . ' ', ,,. ,
. That afternoon the member, bf the
two councils took possession of the
rroverment bnilHinv aa Vrft.m.n Mm1
thigh and decision had fotamad -The'
' R ......vj-y., .....
Committee of Hnfety issued a rsroelama
tion declaring th moharebial system to
he abrogated and announcing th estab
lishmobt f tb provisional government
Th provisional government wa eon
litioned to exist '"until term of union
the tailed State , of America
been negotiated . and . agreed
Meanwhile two. companies of Volun
tecr troop arrived and occupied the
'government ground in upnort of th
new government. Th United States
marine wOre still stationed about the
ity at th order of Minister Stevens.
The members of Queen Lilinokalani 's
ministry had been forme.'ly notified of
i bb creation anu action of the , pro
visional government. They consulted
with Queen Liliuokalani and she!
quickly decided, with Ih approval of
ni.iiis.ers, to surrender ber authot
in Order to avoid ' bloodshed and I
er orders, the nollee atallnn and
harrneks were thereupon given, over'
v - - - .uiiiiMier j . li. nrevenfl . rorcn or ma t
to the Provlaional Government. Thusl8" nciM0 ; Hundey, . Jnuary ,
I Hawaii '. blood lea revolution was ae
(coinpllshed. J. " ...
The Queen's surrender was under
protest and -qualified- as having been
forced by the landinir of the United
-j ...... - .(...: ... . . . :
j.r.nB. rjn unmeatateiy ap
pealed to the iroverhnient of the XThit
d States for reinstatement. ."
Thl forcible deoositioo of Oueen IA
liuukalnni hnd the abrogation of the
monsreny-wa the direct result add:
ontequence of the Queen's revolution
iry attempt to overturn the eonstitu
tion and revert toward .Tlbolutigni.
aut ror thl attempt, sh might have
remained Queen to tb day of her
Two day after the Oueen 'a dth rnnn
ment 'January 19, 1893. five eohimiaainn 1
era Mi'od for Whington on th pee'
ially cnartered steamer Claudine bound
for Ban Francisco. They were fniiv
uuipntmi uy tne tTovistonai Uovoru
moni to negotiate ior Hawaii a trenty
oi uuiuh wua me united Htatea. Hv
.... . i ' . ' ... '
ino ri irgutur sienmer, iueen I4Iiu
okalanl also sent emissaries to Wmh
ingtoa to plead her cause and protest
against tne alleged Interference ' of
United Mates force. ,, . . k
Firrt AnnaxaUoa Treaty "
Th Provisional Government commls
sion arrived in Washington February 3
and wa favorably received by Presi
dent iMnjamin Harrison., They dro
up bv rc.7 or annexation la eoniune
tion with the secretary of state andjoonuitional pardons, September 7, 1895,
the document' was siirned bv the com
mission and th secretary February 14.
Meanwhile, in th name of the Unit
ed btates, Minister Steven, at the re
juet of th Provisional Government,1
iiaa proclaimed a provisional protecto
rat for his country over th Hawaiian
Island and tha flair of tb United
State wa raised over th government
uuuaing on reoruary
Th treaty of annexatloa wa laid
befor th United Htatea enat for it
iiiiiuruTu ceuruary it put ta and ofV
,tne wH(ua- luuuq u stm unaaisbsd
ibuBlnes. ; v . , 1 . .. ;
.i ,. . , .... ....
One of the first act of Presldsnt
Orover Cleveland after his ioauguratuinffnlways continue to do, wry most in
wa to withdraw, th. trehty from thsHc.er hope for the welfare and proapcr
conaldvratioa of th aeaat. ' - fl Continued on Pane 31
H. Mount nf
a. i n . i w.
pmcneu votonei J a meg
Ueorrla, a hit apeclal commia-
. v i.Aktl..ki. 41. l; 1 .
. .V liliv.il li-niw H I I 111. I 1 1 1D IB
T the Hawaiian Inland. J Cleveland'
; crmmiaaioner arrived in Honolulu
fareh 29 and immediately dubbed
A" 1'arnmount Hlonnt" beeadae he da- -
.dared hia authority to bo paramouht
:iVer that of all other American author!-
? i. th Ixlonda.
Ordered riaf Down
day, after arrival, Com ml.
Blount ordered the United
Islandg. . . '
CommiBsloner Blobnt remained' lft
Itonoluln until July, 18(3, whea he re-,
turned to Washingtoa with volumin-
"""' " e
i'roviaional Government to have been
submitted to bim for arbitration, : and
idopted . the conclusion of Commis
sioner Blount ' report that, the- late
revolution had been brought about by
he aid f United &tte Minister Tltev-
wn. ornerco tn troop. .Wor.
IWnt Albert ,8, .Willis, of Louisville, ,
'tenthiky. . t Honolulu United
Htate minister' . to TeplseTr Stevens.
Willis wa. instrncted first td inform
jrtthe Queeh bf the Trekidentli decision,
md then, If she would promise to grant
rull amnesty To 11 who had taken part
a th revolution, Willi was to de
mand of the President and minister of
rhe Pre vls'ibtiiil "Government that. they,
f promptly relinquish to Qaeen Iiliuo
'calnni her conatitufional authority."
DeftM United State . - i . ,
luinister Willis arrived ' in Honolulu
Vnvemher 4. He obtained with dlffi
"olty Queen Liliubkafani' consent to
Trant amnesty to th head of th Pro
visional Government. . On December .
9, JH03, be made formal demapd on
he . Provisional . Government for, ) the
restoration of Qdoen I.iliuokaianL' The
rovisional authorities refused to listen
.0 th demand. 'v . " -
On December S3, Presiclent Dole ent
the teiily of hi government to Minister
Willi, refusing to surrender it author
ity to Liliuokalanl, tb deposed Queen.
W'illis reported tho situation to Presi-
'dent Cleveland who in turn referred :
1 .j . . . .1 ... . : .t .
roe mailer to- ine wiurr aiacrviion ot
oongrosa." ..There we littl sympathy
in .congTesk with the restoration propo
sition, and t committee Of the'aenate,
under Democratic control, after investi
gation, repudiated the Blount report
and, -reached ,a .conclusion ad verso to
tho .President' reeommendntlon. No
further action, waa taken by, the Cleve
land Administration. ,. ,
bllahment of Bopublle ..
AU bone of early annexation to th.
United Bt4te wh how abandoned by
chos . who had dethroned the Queen.'
steps were .immediately taken to estab
lish aa independent itcpnbue la iia
wiil.:AoBt1tttoTiB wbvsition waa
ailed to meet May .80, 1894, for ti
ijuipoBe of framing a constitution for
- fiihe Bepubli of Hawaii. The eohven
tion 'completed t its labors July S and
n the following day th republic Of
Hawaii waa proclaimed, a year and a
half after . Queen . Liliuokalanl had
been deposed, r Hnnford B. Dole wa
ntnied first President of tb lew Si
publie. ; ' . .. ... .
Lilinokalani still retained a big fol
lowing., of native HaWaiian anu her
home, Washington Plac became th
rcudev6ua of the " royalist", sympa-
ihiavrs, who for on reason or another
denired the re'storation of 'the monar
Toward th end of 1894. this faction,
largely instigated by .gitators of for
eign birth, who could lay ho. special
elaua to monarebial sympathies but
who succeeded ih misguiding the na
tives, entered into a conspiracy to over
throw th existing government.' Arm
nnd ammunltioa ' wer . brought from
1893, th royalist assembled, at Dia
mond Head, planning to enter 'th. City
that night and with the aid of allies
in Honolulu to launch their " uprising. "
Premature movement exposed th plot
and after a bight of skirmishing with
th military companies and th eitixeas'
guard which had bee'a called Out, th
utfaeker retreated to tbe bin. Where
they were broken Up and captured after
soveral day. ot guerilla warfare. All
the leader of the conspiracy wer
taken. . .' - '
Queen Liliuokalanl wa arrested Jan
uary IH, 1895, a a participant la th
plot, - certain evidence having been
found in her home. The arrest wa
mad quietly end she submitted grace
fully. Tbe former Queen, waq eonveyed
by carriage to the executive building
and eohflued In aa upstairs room with
her lady-fn-waiting, tihe was charged
with misprision or treason,'' the least
serious of the counts placed against
th 190 person who wer brought to
trial before a military commission and
convicted, acta pleading guilty, . .
Renounced Her Thron.
Queen Liliuokaluui, eight day after
her arrest, 'formally renounced all
laims to the throne, appealing to tbe
government for clemency . toward all
those who bad taken part in th in-
Hurrection. After nine months reten
tion in her former palace, Lilioukalani
and forty-eight other were granted
and on th following New Year' Day
all th remaining prisoner were tt
at liberty, .. ,'.,-.. . ;
liliuokalani' document of . abdieo-
tion, addressed to President Dole, con
tained a clause, in the nature of a
promise which she religiously lived up
to end wnicn accurately describes th
former Queen' lif for tb rest f her
iy, .It readi u ;. ''.
"It it my sincer desire henceforth
to live In tbsolute privacy and retire-
ment from all DUtillnitr or avH snnear;
flanc or Detng eoneeraed ia the publM
Paffair of tha Hawailnn I.lnnda fnrthar
. . . J -rr
4tl.an to c'xnreaa. aa I nnw An. mnA ahall
J . March 11, Prewident
' 'I'''.'' '