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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, November 30, 1917, Image 2

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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE FRIDAY, NOVEMBER. .30, 1?17-;SEMI:VEEK.LY.
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Si
International Sugajr Mcn . Buy
Raws and Pay Bigger Prices
v Than Refiners Offer '
la the sugar markitt condition" still
rffnainrd ehaotie at thf middle of tho
" month, and the strands, aonmsly wa
: prrwnted of tlie intprnational soKar
eommimiion (fin(f into the msrkot and
making purcbaroa at a higbvr price
tbaa ii. had fixed and eonaidcrably
liihcr than the refiners were offering
' nnder special permission. For beet bu
rst the lower price was slowly working
. eastward and had reached Pittsburgh.
These are some of ' the n1ij;htenin,
' obits of information contained in the
. we-kly letter which a local sugar
.' ftgrncy received early this week from
its New Vork repreaentative." The let
,. tet was, dated November' 13 and said:
Compilation Eaters Market ...
At last we are able to report some
: thing doing in this market for the in
tetnational sugor commisaion has itielf
; purchased S20U tona of Perus, 2700 bags
.' of Oubns centrifugals, and 1760 tons of
l'hilippincs in transit, all on the basis
of HMO cents duty paid. These sales
were only made after an attempt, so
' rumor had it, to establish a lower basis
. bad tailed. Negotiationa have been un
der way with tha Cuban representa
tives this week, and it is generally be-
lieved oa the street that a compromise
on 4.!24 cents F. O. B. Cuba has re-
' 'suited. The American has increased its
lissis price offer at New Orleans to 6.35
cents, but whether or not the Louisiana
- ' interests will see fit to change their
ideas remain to be seen. Meanwhile
tonnage chartered to bring sugar from
' New Orleans to New York is lyinx at
the former port idle. Hannonicing
. eoih antagoniatie elements - as . . the
N Louisiana planters and the so-called
"Nugar Trust" is some job. Tha beet
sugar companies are doing their best to
meet the famine in sugar as far east as
l'ittsburgh on the 7.25 cents basis plu
New York freight. ' '.
' !Eefine4 fiugar Sbort ' '
Befiued sugar is still being doled out
' ty those refiners who have any at 8.33
t untabasis. " A considerable quantity
. of hxport sugar has been retrieved and
put on the market at 8,80 cents, the re
: puted cost price to the original pur
chasers, with the understanding that.it
is to be retailed at not more than nine
' .' and a half cents per pound. ; ftagar
i. broker generally are much disgruntled
. ever the dispoeition of the sugar eom-4
mimuon to ignore their existence. . .The
' cpmplaint is thst those who have shown
.0 willingness to mwt every wish of thi-
eommissioners and assiiit to the best of
"their ability by refrainlug from doing
' . basineim without permission and find
ing their business slipping away from
them and into the hands of others not
'so scrupulous. The fact that the com
.mission finda -itself utterly powerless
' to control those who choose to be de-
flnnt is not at ail soothing to those who
'. have been- loyal. Much indignation is
expressed over the eale at auction by
the I'nited Htates appraiser's at ore of a
. big lot of aample at the forbidden price
.Of 1 at rents to 20 cents per pound.
The freighting of sugar is a matter
, .which in causing much concern and en
ergetic steps are being taken at Wash
' Jngtan to imprena upon the proper ad
thoritiea the importance of providing
arttutfactory tonnage in place of that
'. 'which has been commandeered.
SUGAR BEET HARVEST
;, The Oreat Western Beet Sugar Com-
pany will harvest .'10,000 to 35,000 bags
' of seed and ha .'1000 acres of land de
voted to it so nays an exchange. . The
field are located in Wyoming, Montana,
Nebraska and (lor.lo. It is believed
'that the company will be practically ia-
dependent of all other concerns that
urnish seed. The .experiment atlorK of
. tha eoqipany. began as far back as 1909
' and it has. a splendid beet breeding sta-
' tion with lulioratoriea at Longmont,
Colorado. J-at spring over 250,000 aep
smte augur beets were tested and from
V ' 00 to 00 famiiies are being develoed
along the liiont si ientitie and modern
lines,, getting all the coddling and
nurning. Bced cleaning' iastallations
'' are found at Fort t'olllna, , Bterling;
rVott'a Bluff, NebraiTks, and Billings,
. ioutaua. About $500,000 has been ex
cnled ia the past year on this inter
esting enterprise..
' MAKES WHITE SUGAR
' ' Tha advent of the first mill making
-white sugar direct ia i'orto Bico inarms
a Uew era in tha industry in the island.
; It .was put in at Central Coustancia at
i ' Veuce. Kauri t'Hubira, the owners,
bavo bten making sugar for direct local
' cousuiuptipn for years aud hava been
puttipg out a sugar somewhat whiter
'and puer thaa tha Ordinary raws, but
r Jiulatbis white sugar made ao by sul
' phur, liuie aud tiltratioii )roeese
! marks a great era of advancemeut. The
installation tost $250,000 and the sugar
cana rapacity of the plant will be 250
: tons dutly. w '
, .... ..y ,
BEET SEED IMPORTS
Sugar beet seed . imports into thf
' I'uited 'fitute ending with ' the fiscal
year June 80, 1917, show a tonnage of
7,235 valued ftt tfiH4,W7. . This means
. kh increase af 60 ercent aver tha fig1
urea of the preceding year when only
tl tona cams here valued at $1,030,
; 7eti.
LARGE PIA
WASTE MOLASSES OFMyVM
New Establishment At Antibch
, commoatty- wnicn a Few Tears Ago was Considered Value
less and Was Dumped Into the Sea Now Many War Needs
Are Filled As Result - -: .). . . . r,
For many years the waste molasnes
from the manufacture of sugar in Ha
waii was dumped into the sea. Within
recent years this by-product has been
shipped to the mainland, where it was
used for manufacturing alcohol, ftill
more recently, fxperiments were made
which showed that waste molasses con
tained elements of still greater value
than Its alcohol content. From mnlasses
is' now obtained .potash, acetone, sul
phate of ammonia, aretie acid and sev
eral other chemicals. It has grown into
a business of considerable importance
since the inception of tha war, as all
these various chemicals have been pro
cured from Germany, and that source of
supply has been eliminated.
Mason ft Co. have for some years
been manufacturing alcohol from waste
molasses at Hausalito, a amall town op
posite Han Francisco. Beeently the resi
dents have objected to the odor ema
nating from tha factory, snd the com
pany haa been looking for a suitnlde lo
cation where the fumes would not be
offensive to any one. ,
Home yeara ago $ company was form
ed at Aatioch, in California, for the
manufacture of brick . and sandstone.
Heavily interested in that company was
John A. Buck, who ia .connected with
the Mstson Steamship Company.
Big Plant tX Antloch ' '
According to . the 8aa Kafael Inde
pendent, the company' has purchased a
site in the sandhills formerly owned by
the brick company,, east of the city of
Artioch, about fifty miles east of Han
Francisco, and will erect there a plant
of greatly iacreased capacity.
. The site is all that could be desired,
as it is nesr enough to the Hanta Fe
Bailrond to allow of the construction
of a sidetrack, while the property is di
rectly oa the banks of the Man Joaquin
River, where the river is of sufficient
depth to allow steamers to carry mo
lasses directly from Hawaii to the
wharf," Or, if it seems, wiser or more
eeouotairnl, the Island steamers caa un
load at Richmond and ahip the molasses
forty miles up the road in tank cars.
As there is an abundance of fresh
water there, the site seems ideal, .offer
ing both river and rail communication.
The Independent," of Marin, in spesking
of the removal of the plant from Bau-1
lito to Antioch, says:
Inception of Plant
. "The Mason Brothers of Sausalito,
with the cooperation of John Buck
and the .Mat son , peopl, had succ.eed-
FARMERS WILL RECEIVE IIUIE TS
' DOLLARS A TON FOR BEETS 01V
DENVER, November 10 Annonaee
ment recently of an advaace to be
paid for sugar beets by the Oreat
Western Hugar Company is accompan
ied by the abatement that in the pres
ent war stress "sugar, small gTaiu and
bullets x are crops of equal impor
tance." The farmers will realize an increase
of $1.75 a ton for sugar beets- next
year, ; with the average $9 a ton, a
araiiist $7.l'5 this year. Colorado
planted about 175,000 acres to beets!
this year, and produced 2,000,000 tons
of beets. .''
The new schedule is announced in the
following letter to plant managers from
Chester rt. Morey, chairman ot the
board of directors of the company;
:4' According to promisee made at the
meeting of the farmers in this office on
September -'), the board of directors
have , been carefully considering our
f orm contract for tha year 1918.
Problem Difficult for Finn
Thia has been a very difficult prob
lem to solve. The government has
named a maximum price for sugar, and
at tha same time is urging us to pay to
grower the highest possible price we
caa afford to pny for next year's crop.
. "The question of flat rate or sliding
seals similar to contracts we have put
out during the past three years has
been a difficult one to decide, as the
sentiment seems to be-almost evenly
divided between flat rate and sliding
scale. ; .
:'."Te director have decided to con
tinue the sliding scale, anffor the
average beet testing sixteen percent
and under aixteen and five-tenths per
cent to pay $9 per ton.
Company Takes Risk
"In doing this we fend that the
Oreat Western Hugar Company is gam
bling on war conditions. The risk we
are taking, is a big. one, and we are
making this price solely on patriotic
grouii'ls. We feel it is our duty pa pay
the, best price we can, and we hope
that our grower will be satisfied, and
in turn, if for no other reason thaa pa
triotic motive, grow the largest crop
of beets that ever has fceen ruiscd in,
our various districts."
Price Doubled Since 1902
The following explanatory statement
was issued from the office of the com
pany yesterday r
"It Is interesting to note that this
priiisi is just double that which was
paid for beet at tho he inning of the
industry for the y ear. 1003 and 1903
For the followiog eight years the pre
vailing (tries wa $5 flut per ton, and
for the same quality of beet the farm
er will receive next year the sum of $9
which is $2.25 more than the ton'. meted
price for the crop of 11117.
WILL HANDLE
Secures Valuable.. Products rom
ed in . biiil'ling up V largsj. plnnt.ifttr
the distilling of. a!ohol from ninlaa'
ses, which, horetofore . had,, ,bnen al
lowed to run to, waste .in ,th Hawaiian
Islands and which is Wou'ghi to Hnuaa
lito in ships of the Matsort line. .' i';,
"From a ninall't-pnceTW of .one. stiU,
1 .1 .1! ; ' m ''" 'ii
under me uirrvuon or inese ,inen,vsno
plant has' grown, to, ,lo oue .pf ,,thl!
largest in, the world and .the' factory
"wyiw J ivuutis a: ,.,.,l. .'' 'ii
The chemists in. tha enndqy of the
company have discovered a. process of
further ntilir.ing the waste product .of
molassea for Jhe nisnufscturs , of po
tash, acetone, uiphate , of . ammonia, f
. . 1 .1 , . . 1 1. 1 . 1
arrnc ariii iidm rvcrnf 01 oerr..riiviiiitcj
All of thev; chemicals. .have, horotafojre
been largely manufarturod iu Goriaony
and everyone well knows' how essential
they are to the manufacturers of ex,
jdosives, as well' a useful in various
other arts, ami crafts. v' .' ,'.'
Plant to Cost $500,000 V ; '.V i,--"'!
"The .company haa plana drawn for
supplying an equipment which , would
cost half sr million dollars and whifh
would employ at aat 500 bhb and
when completed, .would ' .' absolutely
take ears of the waste product which
at times runs into' the liny. .Material
had been ordered, - and ground ii&d
been broken, old buildings .removed
and grading done, ' ('' t, , i.-., '
"A large number,' of workmen were,
employed: when, ' without consulting
with the manager of . the Mason ..Com-
pany, and on complaint of three' or
four ieople living in the neighbor
hood, are attempting by' every means
in their power to secure., the aid , of
the county, authorities to .cause the
distillery to close down. . ; i : .
"This has discouraged the promdte'rs
and they immediately ordered all, ne,r
work destroyed ; and are luukipg ar
rangement for erecting this, new es
tablishmeut ait Aatioch, Contra Costa
county, where ninety acre of lani) are
offered to them at a piinimuni price and
quantities of fresh water ' will , be. avail
able at only, the cost of pumping it
from the river to the plant.' i " ,
.... ' . -. .l.i r i ......
-iv seenra vnj ini tuiui .vvuav;
.. A,.r -..-.. .i.i..i.
should lose , this manufactory,' which
wouiii wring a nuuiucr vi iiiiii jfM7,i
meit into the commuuity and mean the
disbursement of la r ire sums of money
monthly for wages, material and other
necessttiea.' J ,
:;-.r yl:'..v. ' .
"From the contracted price tor,. 191?
the Oreat Western rugar Company vol
untarily increased the pries fifiy cents
a ton, so that the growers for 1018 will
be receiving $1.75 a ton more for six
teen percent beets th,n they received
for the same quality of beets for 101?.
Sugar Boat "Dratod"
"It would' seem that the aUgar epin;
panics are complying with the Request
of KixhI Commissioner Hoover to help
inn i n e the domestic sugar production
for lu it year, and from the pest infor
mal inn obtainable at the present time
we h;ie no doubt but that the Western
farmer wul get in line and 'do. his, bit'
by Rowing at least the acreage of
beets he was growing the past year.
The hu'hc beet, undoubtedly, is drafted
into the service of Cm le !am.
" innr beets, small grain and bullets
are crupa of equal importance,"
Thiiuius B. Htearne, federal food ad
ministrator for Colorado, today issued
the following official statement appeal
ing tu the patriotism of the farmers
and nxkiug to ruise more beets: ,
"The factories extracting the sugar
from the beeta rau handle very much
more tonnage than they have been able
to procure thus far.
Double Reason for Planting . , '
'It is the patriotic duty of every
farmer who is able' to produce auear
; neeis io pinnr, and plant, and plant in
the spring of 11, to the emj that the
urri sugar production, WDICB Degllis la
California in July and ends iu Colorado
and Michigan in January, shall be the
greatem in history. , ,
"The price of beets will be higher to
the farmer next year. He not only
can afford to do this planting from pa
triotic motives, but also from a strictly
mercenary standpoint. The beet sugar
producers have shown their unselfish
pa riot i Mm in accepting a price much
lower than they otherwise would have
Weiu d for the l'.M7 crop. Why. will
the fanner not rise to the same plnne
and supplement the action' of tho pro
ducer! r .
i ' "NiKiir the armies at the front must
have. The Allies and our own' army
are one and the same. To tho farmer
we must look for a reasonable supply
of su'iir next year."
---r p..
USE MORE TRAITORS ;
That .sue planters and beet raiser's
are Kiihing the problem of labor on
their liclds in plowing aud cultivation
by the use of tractor is well known.
No cMiiuute has been made as far as
we know to show the, extent to which
this method of farm work 'has been
earned, but a recent report says that
there lire now jt4,:t71 tractor in use
all oer the I'uited Htates. Aud there
are mure since this lust report.
" f, i'v'-k .".',r'"7 ' caipDianag.MT of.ahe well known
maainfi nianurnciurers or nign graae pn,r of Sugar., factora and . e.tp
"i',"'' , . 1'' neiii f am Jiild ft. tJompauy, Inc.
nortant in thia war crisia. ' . Tn rtArmiii Tmirht
S KAR RRnv NR PRFSFNTS PRIIR
w v wva aw m w mm a 7 m '
r rnri m AUTrnc he nun innm
,,.,uiti rcs. Wi&i H.i-v.i j
'$ ' a 1 aH-'. 'il
Special Report; of sGeorge.H. Fairchild 4$ of More Than Ordinary
Interest When Hawaii Capital May Soon Be Invested In Cen
tral To Help Meet Neighbors' Needs , v.
.,..ri.t 1. i i 'd.; 'l.i.. 1 .. ' .
1i,'ilAV.pl,riSept.'i9VA't (he re-qucit,,-
xf .Oorernpr-.Oencral Harrison,
who hns boen fakiog deep .interest' in
thet (VtUvult position in which, the I'hil
iprnne augnr producer .duds hiniHelf as
a, result,, of e!iting international
sitntttjooi au, ehaustivo.' inynsiigntion
into ilio cost of producing augar. in the
Philippines hns recently been made by
Oeorge JL, Fnirchild, president aud pen-
coin-
lorters,
tTJhe dnta were desired by. the Gov,
ernor Geur.-ral f or , use !,ln sonnectioij
is-ith efforts whieh.-h&ve been set on
foot'.b.v t Philippine Government to
haye freight rates betweea the I'nited
Btatea and- the Philippines fixed at a
figure which will make possible the sell
ingt'lhilippiDA iugar in the United
States, market- . Mr. Fairchilifs invea
tigotiou,; upon , which ,bs has recently
submitted his report, goes fully into de
tails,, of .protluctioq, costs and? is the
most comprehensive study of the sub
ject which haa been undertaken.
' - The,' conclusion arrived at by- iMr.
Fairrhjld. is thst with the price ' for
St), sugars ,at tho figure fixed by the
United , tates, .. Food Adiuihist ration,
Philippine, eugara can not. pay more
than $30 per, ton' of , 2,240 pound to
tjTew .York, ernivaleut to $1.34 per 100
pounds. ;, The report, points out that
th rat to .New York before the war
was $60 per long ton j it is now from
$55 to $KJf. and Philippine sugars are
barred from the market at the sugar
prices ndw fixed so. long as these un
controlled, rates obtain. .
The report, which is based upon data
for", the island of Kcgros, the principal
sughe i region of the Islands, and the
one,. ,iq .which prrxluction is ujion ' the
largest scale, follows: , ..!.:,
p.'.'Jh data.glven herein represent an
attempt . ,to ascertain, the cost of pro
tlnrini augar on the Island of Negros.
rroporuoa cr craaes
l .....i..Vin k ,n..iLn. iioi.i
re approximately '.the . porrentages of :
thf 'various; grades of muscovado sugnrs,
produced or, Negros '. during the last J
five, year's; " also the average prices
landed ' Jloilo , at ' whlcji these gradea)
say,. been wild,' a "person who is in a
position to know asserted that the an-
uual ' erop '. may. bo segregated into
grade, about as follows: Hoi,. 1 aud 2,
thrrtjyfivo.percenti Hot. 3 and 4, fort v
five percent V.Noa. 0. 0 and eorriento,
twenty, 'percent:!' , ;.' ''
;. v"It. is dwell' ' known". that ", but few
planters are able to produce No. 1 sugar
oply; many others produce no higher
than J'o. , but taking the' above segre-.
Ration as' approximately correct, when
the various 1 grades, arc. selling at the
prices," stated below, ' the .average mar
ket 'Value : from aq hypothetical haef?
Cnda producing aooording to the per
eeAtages jriveh ' above.' would be 5.40
esos per pioui or J.BJ cent per pound
(one pioul equals 139.44 pounds) :
1 rice' ; m rice Jv
Av'gs
Price
Cent
2.23
t.87
1.52
: ;',v'iv 1'esos per
Orade Pifliil
Ct. 1 Price
per lb; Peso
2.32 v '
J .25
ftt::
4.5a
OM
5.50
5.00
4.50
4.00 '"
no;
No; 4....
No. 5. . . .
No.1 6....
l-9 11.,
1.78
JB1 1
1.43
4.25
Weighted average .... 8.40'
i.n.t
"If the foregoing - distribution and
prices are approximately- representative
of what would be average conditions on
Jhe Island of Negros, it is evident that
those haciendas producing Nos. 1 and
4 sugars only are in a much more for-!
tuna'te pasition than those producing
sugars of the lowor grades, but taking
an. hypothetical- hacienda proflucin;
sugar of the above grade in the pro
portion 'first given, and' at the above
prices, we-. find that the: average price
for. the output will be 5.40 pesos per
picul, or 1.93 cents per pound, upon the
basi of No.' 1. sugar poIariziug-8 do
greea at 0.5Q pesos per picuL , '
Capital RoquirotnenU . ' . '.
v Upon this basis au attempt will be
made to ascertain what are the neces
sary capital Yequirement and operat
ing expenses jto produce muscovado
sugar in Negros from aa hypothetical
hacienda pf sufficient size to insure an
annual crop of 8000 piculs ' (557.75
tons) front 220 hectares, (555.75 acres)
over s period of live years. I am ill
formed that the only places io Negros
where ratoons are successfully raised
are Xaa Carlos, Kabankalan, Ilop, and
Isabella, so that tha major portion of
the crop is produced from plant cane,
and to assure ao. annual production of
this amount an area of 225 hectare i
necessary in order to plant each year
not, less than 10() hectare (247 acres),
Waving JIM.' hectares to be plowed,
aerated, and prepared for planting the
following season' and 25 hectares (62
acres) for pasturage for work .animals
and other purposes. The eash value ,dueed, and be is free to exercise all of
of 223 hectare i about 250 pesos per his energies in iuereasing the produo
hecturo ($50,61 per acre), or 56,250 jtlon of cane. From actual experience
pesos ($28.125I. This value is eon
servativit, as Iu most places the land
has Increused in value to 300 pesos per
hectare, and In Han Carlos aud other
districts where central are established
the value of land ha gona up to from
600 to 000 pesos per hectare. .'
"The. eost of the milling facilities to
turn out HOO0 pleuls of sugar in a sea
son at the rat of 80 picul per day ia
estimated at 20,000 peo, or $10,otHi,
The capital investment required for
ESTO MEET
snch an hacienda may be estimated as
follows: . 1 - , ,
Cost of lnnd, 223 hectares, at
250 pesos per hectare .$2.125
Muscovado milling equipment.. 10,(M0iOf 13.5x5 per ton for drrecition and
8Vi kilometer of portable' track
and necessary care for trans
portation of cone .'.,..,..,..
? carabaos ht 200 pcos each. :
Toola, houses, es marines, etc . .
Hacendcro'a house v.. .........
. , '."' !$2L13 per ton., , .. ' . . .. '
Total .$59,1251 vSinre the waf the, prion' of1 all war
As confirmation of these figures a material, required for tho ranporta
sale has been made quite recently in I ti0n of the cane and the recovery of tho
t-K..v ... .-iiu vi inn neciares
(494 acres) capable of producing about
8000 piculs 'per annum for 115,000
pesos, or $57,500.
Operating Expense's
Operating expenses may bo estimat
ed as follows: .
Cost of cultivating 100 hectares
of plant cane at 150 pesos per
hectare , ;...$ 7,50(1
Harvesting expenses, R,000 piculs
at 50t cents per picul ,..'. 2,000
Milling 8,000 piculs at 1 peso,
per picul , .........:,.;....' 4,000
Expenses from mill to wharf,
freight and other charges to '
land In . Hollo, including re- .
. bagging, ' warehousing,- etc., '
' 8,000 piculs at 75 cents per '
'. picul , . .... .'; .:. . ; ; ; ' 3,000
Interest on the foregoing crop
advances (estimated) . 1,000
Depreciation of mill and' trans
portation equipment, .0 percent" 800
Depreciation of carabaos . ... . 1,125
$19,425
''These figures' give an average cost
of 4.86 kwos per picul (1.73 ceuts per
ponnd),. and assuming that the output
of the hacienda in various grades would
be according to the segregation first
given, the planter would make profit
of $2,100, whh 1 about 3 percent
in a capital (avcHtinent of $59,125.
Those liaciendaa having a sreater iier-
oKe ot , vthe ' higher, grade sugars
wi" na"rally do better than those with
h,Kher percentage cf the lower grades,
Where Crop Is Shared
"The following shows the cost when
the snirar ia uroduced bv- a central un-
dnr similar conditions, where the prod-
net is ftivnted equally oetween tho cen
tral and the hacendero:
Capital Expenses
Cost of laud . .: .2S,123
2"1,? kilometers of portable track
. aud necessary cars for trans-
Krtation of cane . ,., 6,000
75 carabaos at 200 pesos cnetj . . 7,500
Tools, houses, ramurines, etc. . . 5,000
Ilaceudero's house .' 2,500
$49,125
Operating Expenses
Cost of cultivating 100 hectares
of plant cane at 150 pesos per
hectare . $
Harvesting expenses, 8 1XI piculs
at 50 cciiIh per picul . . x.
Cost to liiiul at Iloilo at MO rents
per picul
Interest on foregoing crop ad
vances (estimated) ,
Depreciation 011 railway equip
ment at 10 percent . ........
Depreciation on raralmo at 15
percent
7,500
2.000
1,200
750
000
1,123
$13,175
This is an average eost of 3.29 pesos
per picyl of sugar (1.17 cents, r
pound )y Hie quantitative yield of 90'
kUKar in about the same as for the va,ri-u
ous jpsdes of muscovados, but the
(value per picul is about double, so that
even though the planter gives one-half
of his product to the mill he is better
( off financially, for the,-following rea-
sons:
"When the price of muscovados is
5.41) pesos (1.93 ceuts per pound), a
already explained, ceutrifugais will be
about 10.3 pesos (3.75 . ceuts per
pound), allowing a difference in value
by reason of polurizutioii of 1.75 cents
per pouud between centrifugiils and
uiUHi oCaiLos. . Kight thousand piculs of
muscovados at 1.93 cents ' per pound
would be worth $2I,00, but it would
cost the haconderoB $19,423 to produce,
or a gaiu of only $2,173; 8,000 piculs
of centrifugals at ' 3.75. , rents : por
ppiind would-be worth $42,000, , oie
half of which bclungs to the central
uml oue-bulf to the bacouilero, the ex
pense to the hacemlero for his $21,000
.worth of centrifugals would be J1V
325, luaviug a. profit of $7,075, fthifli
represeut about 16 percent iuterest on
the capital Investment of $49,123.
"Wliile there is a very substantial
financial gain, according to the above
calculations, thero are in addition many
muteriut advantages ' to tho hacenduro
who is able to grind his caue at a cen
tral. He is relieevd of the annoyance
and expense of . operating a mill and
recruiting extra laborers, his capital
aud operating requiromeut are To
in Han Csrlo it ha been found thnt
whereas the hacendero were operating
at a I os producing muscovado ugar,
they are now rapidly buroming finan
cially independent and no longer are
obliged' ' tu .. pay iuterest charge to
bankers and others. , "
"To the Iloilo market price there
should lie added 23 centavoa per pioul
(.umi.i
cents per pound) for all ex
tieuse for placing the suuar aboard
ship. To the cost of freight from Iloilo
to ,Sew York her should W. added!
from 4 to .6 percent of the present
value cf the aagar for, marine and war
insurance, Ids ; ia ? weight, , export
charges, ' wfiarfage, ' interest, etc. ,,',
. "Prior to the war the cost of a augar
central with the requisite, transporta
tion, storage and shipping facilities to
turn out 200,000 pleuls (14,000. tons)
a year was $1,250,000. '
'Operating expenses, exclnsive of !
tercet' on capital and an' amortisation
charge or allowance for depreciatioa,
were $125,000, giving unit cost of
1.25 pesos per picul, or $8,964 per ton,
"The return on the capital invest
ment at a minimum rata of 10 percent
Birniit ti at9innn .i;Lnn.l in
' i,;h .i.n.,M h J,aA . ,',.
I amortization charges to retire the cap
ital investment at the end of a period
0,noo of the eontrhct, Vis"., 30 years. This
?,800 j brings tho cost to the central, with aa
6 ,,fH) 1 allowance for interest on the capital in
2,600 veatmentj to. 3 : peso 'ner rjicul. ;Or
.,.. therefrom have been advancing
rapidly, so that the eost of manufac
ture may now be from 23 to 50 per
cent higher than it wa in 1914. While
it is not possible at the present time to
ascertain 1 thi advance accurately, we
may find that the allowance to tha ecn-
I tral should be nearer 4 peso than 3
pesos per picui, or fzs.OB per ion. : :
"No allowance has been made her
for low yield in year of drouth or of
too moon rainfall. Many hacienda are
not equipped with protective irrigation
and drainage systems, such as have
boen installed by- Miadoro Sugar Co."
, . '
tf"- ''"'! i -'tt-it U'tr.ii'A'l ':.-'.:
1 1 nknown . ananese
Hit By
Arid Qoickly Dies
Well Known Broker Gives :Ver
sion ,andSays That Accident
Was Unavoidable . Though He
Sought To Swerve His Car '
An unidentified Japanese man was
struck and almost instantly hilled by.
a car. driven- by Walter iiuiseiiburg
just in front of the Trinity' Misaion
on . Buretaoia between ' Richard, and
Alakea Street at eight , o'clock last
night. A call for the emergency . am
bulance it as turned, in by V provost
guard aud when Hospital Steward W.
F. Myers arrived on the scene, he said
the man had. been untouched and was
still lying on . his face in ft pool of
blood about four feet from the street
car track. He wa dead when, the am
bulance arrived and -was taken to the
morgue immediately.' It was said that
he died as the result of a fractured
skull. An autopsy will be held at nine
o'clock this morning.
Dnuenburg Tell of Accident
Mr. Huisenburg told The Advertiser
of the accident shortly' after ita occur
rence and gave the following' version:
. VWith Mrs. Ouiseubnrg and. Colonel'
Lbert in the ear I wa proceeding fcwa
on Beretania Street. In the 4Uek, be
tween Kichards and Alakea Streets, I
saw a man step out from the curb
and sought to avoid him by swerving
the course of tho car to tha right.- j
thought the man was going to turn
buck to the. makai side of the street,
but instcud be ran forward directly in
front of the cur."
Mr. Duisenburg further .said that
when the accident occurred he wa run-'
ning slowly, not more than seven or
r.eight mile au hour, and that ho stop
ped the car within ten feet after, hit
ting the Japanese. , Tho accident .oc
curred not at a corner but iu tho mid
dle of tho block. , .:
Body Left for Ambulance -
It was stated at the police station
lust night tliut.no attempt. had been
made tp ascertain the extent of! the
unfortunate man' injuries before the
ambulance arrived, although quite a
crowd had gathered. . It was said that
he was found facing the mauka curb
and ; that a quantity of blood wa
flowing in that direction.
5(r. Duisenburg said that a medical
man whose name wss unknown felt the
pulse of the injured man, but that no
attempt to move him was made at tho
order of some person in the crowd who
informed thero that the ambulance was
on tho way and would be there within
a few. minutes. .' '
The victim of the accident Wa about
fifty years of agu Hevernl Japanese
were called in last night to identify
him, but uuue of those called was able
to recognize him. No charge, have
been preferred. . , , ....
";,;'. 44 r-TT ':
Repair are being made to the Dia
moud lload lighthouse, the first. in
many years.; The light section is now
suspended In a wooden Irestle which is
to be replaced by a roucrvle structure
of large dimensions.' 1 '
The light hns an odd look these days
for thero, ha ulwsys been the white
structure, a dominant' feature of the
bluff overlooking the Kahalawaf ahore.
The new' structure may be completed in
about three mouth. Meanwhile the
light "hiues at night a usuul. .
HEAD LIGHT
II Ul UVI1UU '
VAIT UNTIL
Pfan May Be Presented To plant
ers' Meeting For Certain :
; Wage Scale and Bonus
. .y , 1.- 111 1 , . 1 , ' i
Higher wage or . increased bonuses'
for. plantation laborers are not likely
at the present time, despite the request '
' made by-the Higher Wage Association.'
ThOrnntter of wages and of 1 bonuses
will bfi one'of the more important mat
ter that will be considered by the Ha
waiian Hugar Planters' Association' at
its annual meeting.'which will convene'
Monday.' tacision may be reached ht
the' hieeting ot he question may be re
'fe'rrcd to committee and a subsequent,
report made to the trustees and through
them to the membitg of the association.
One of the profH,hj which will be
made to the Planters Association, it is
learned on food authority will be the
determination of a regular wage seals
at the present, to which shall be added
one-third ef the amount so paid each
month, and that the matter of ) what
bonus shall be paid shall; be held in
, abeyance,. until later time, when It
can be determined what earnings are
likely to be, .what are the costs, how
the war taxes work, -.what price the
augar .'commission allows in short,
when 'the planter have had an oppor
tunity to get on their feet and find nut
just where(they Stand in war time and '
nnder the new condition that will con
front the growing, harvesting and mar
keting of the coming erop. .
Beeolt Probienmtioal
How. thi proposal will be taken by
the Japanese remains to be seen. It is
hoped that-they, will take the proposal
Vsr tbei spirit offered, if the - plan goca
into effect. ( Hhonld a strike be the re
sult it is likely the matter would be at
ones: taken tip -with-the sugar commis
sion and .through , that body with the
I'nited Htate ; authority. . It is said,
lso, that a strike would merely precipitate-congressional
legislation which will
permit .' the bringing in Of Chinese la
bor,' which has. for so' many years been
reludod.'o-Tke1 iedewt JtT"rnment i
acting quickly' in ithe. matter of strikes
which tend to hamper the jiToduction of
necessities, and especially food supplies.
Reduce or Close Up
- Home Of the smaller, plantations at
the present time ay it will be impos-.
sible for them' to pay the bonus, rate of
this year for another year with costs
rising so fast'. Especially is the eost of
fertiliser mentioned,, about doubled;
bags are, higher; there is a tax on bills
of 1 lading. " .Practically everything
which the. sugar planters need is higher
and the bonus is paid upon the gross re
ceived from. the sugar, not on the net.
Another reason for a later determina
tion aa to bonuses is the matter of ship
ping , and freight, costs. .No matter
what shipping arrangements are mado
for the moving of the erops it is confi
dently expected that freight rates will
tier h'Kher, very likely doubled.- It is
ured that until the planters know
what they will have to pay for freights,
whether, they will be able' to move the
erop with any. celerity, what other
added costs, would tye In all directions,
they cannot be. erpeotedto determine
what bonuses shall be paid.
It is further, pointed out that the
present bonus system was arranged
meet conditions which were very differ
Cut from those of tho present, aud that
. soiuc changes w'.U undoubtedly bo
fouiitf necetMTy. " 1
ii it "tt 'j-'.i'ii'l- '" v'-'
Two' of th,Pf nrmy quartermaster de
partment warehouses on the oM Hono
lulu naval station site, foot of Kich
Hrd Street, have been completed, while
the superstructure is risiugover a third
foundation. The ' foundation for tho
fourth is'now In place. -
Each of these warebi'ises Is 500 feit
Jong, the longest In tho Territory, says
Colonel Hchoficld, 'department quarter
mantei. Tho; building run length wis.)
from the 'street and have ample f eam
itig H'aci; Between.!" Thhy' all face tho
transport 'docks,-' jfuit 'acfesn1 the street,
rhlch afo ' to 'be Wbnilt,,'and shoddod
tlver, so thht they 'w ill' be 'compact, and
do duty in protecting exposed goods re
moved from a ship.
The, Construction qtiarterinasttr 'has
his o1ic.es in tyvo-story frame building
at the: cornel' of 'Allen'-and Bichard
HtreeW,,;while',iw He old' blHee? of tho
immigration Station, across the' street
are' the transport 'dock ollce. In a
short, time 11 the department qunrter
rp aster force' will be brought together,
or just ncross the street t the- foot
of Bichard Street, and the! present of
fice near the armory closed and then
rebuilt for. use of tlie headquarters' de
tachment .a a a barrack.
" ' - - ,, " ", ,, ' '
'There might be serioiis objection on
the part of food commissioner aud on
the part .of temperance pimple in the .
exportation of millions of yallons of
nudHnen from Porto Bico to. IdarLlnupie
jto be used In the munufaclure of , rum,
Kiyt this rum js being sent to Fiance to
be psod against the-(iprmnns. for it. ap
pears In N0 Man's Land as hiuh explo
sive. The Martijiiipm manufacturers
have bought molasse from the British
Island but did not get (ufJlclout quan
tities and so have turned to Porto Bico
glviug them lurgu-urder. '
1 1 II 1 1; I L.
flY
. COSTS ARE KNO VN
TWO WAREHOUSES FOR
, t.MS ;i . :-, 4. , e .,!(, .-.j -.--
tf.

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