! 1 -
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE. 1 FRIDAY,-' DECEMBER 7, W. -SEMIAVEEIttV.' :'rtt
V '9 7
STATEMENT SEEKS r
Offense Having Been Committed
Before' War and Ignorance
;'. 'Urged In Extenuation;
MAINLAND COUNSEL ENDS '.
EXPLANATJQN OF PLEA
Asserion$ Used In Seeking Miti;
rjatiocr of Penalty Are' In", v
. Way of Explanation '"J
Copies of a statement issued br lki
counsel for Oeorg ' Rodiek and H. 'A.'
BcbroedeT presented la connection with
: the change of pie from tot -guilty to
guilty for tbem wer f Ivan out in Ho
nolulu yesterday, it being sai4 that
, they bad been cabled to Thompson,
. Milvertoa Cat heart by Sullivan
Roche, the attorneys for these two do-ftndanj.--
. '" "
' It ia saiil that Thompson, Milverton
A Cathrart bava not I sen counsel for
either of the two defendants, but that
Mi1. Catheart while in Ha a Francisco
talked with District Attorney Preston
bout the ease, bla firm being eoonsel
' for Haekfeld ft Company. As a result
. of his tailing the district attorney he
. ' was aonvtneed that the two HoStrtu
ln had -not knowingly violated the
, law. He was advised that if they would
submit all evidence in their possession
they might escape more severe penal
' tie. ' From that time en, It la to be ta
ilored, proceedings -moved along to the'
plea of guilty. ; ; .
Oullty to Indie tmnt. : 1 "
' The plea of guilty entered for Bo
dlek 'and Schroerier is not to a techni
cal violation of the law, that is plea
in -extenuation which they make. They
friend guilty to the indictment of hav
ng conspired to violate -the neutrality
' of the United States. . In extenuation
- the statement Issued says that the of
fVtose eeeurrvl before the United
States had' entered the warA Had this
not 'been the ease there would have
been no violation of neutrality, but aH
. direct act of enmity.
- It ia further pleaded that neither of
them was cognisant that be was eom-
ultting en offense,' although it ia ad
. . mitted they furnished .good nd'ttaua-
.. mitted orders. In this repot there is
. an old' legal axiom that Ignorance of
the law exeuaeth no-man, say local at
. torneys. '.-. '' .',.'., -.,,; ., '.'.,-.'
Statement of Counsel :
. The 'statement 'issued by Sullivan ft
Roche for their client, aid: -. :. --'
"While constrained tinder' the exist-,
' ing extraordinary conditions .to thee
try of a plea of guilty in -behalf of tha,
dWendaataf Georg Rodiek ' and' H. A.:
Sebroeder, of a violation- of -oniof i the
';' neutrality laws of the United Btatet,
it is but fair not only to the American
eitisena of the 'Hawaiian .Islands,
. among whom they have lived and' la
' bored no long, but to . 'themselves as
.well, hat the eireuautaaeat ..which
prompt such action on - their part be
'. stated.' . " - -' i !
Country Not BolUgerant -." ,
"80 far as these two defendants are
'concerned, the matters charged in the
.' indictment occurred long prior to any
state of actual or declared war be
tween the United States and Germany,
and during a time when a. bitter i4
relentless war was being waged be
, tween Great Britain and Germany.
'The transactions, because of ..which
. -these two defendants found themselves
involved in this indictment 'which eon-'
isted exclusively in arranging for the
furnishing of pro visions, nd.ratytey,
to the steamer 'Mavericktv whlla, at
Hilo and the transmission to hev mas
ter of Bailing orders previously' 'com-'
nunicated ia them, took place during
tha months of April and' May, 1015.
and were regarded by them aa purely
commercial ia ' character, involving no
breach of any obligation due from eith
er of them to the government of the
' United States. ' '-'
'' Neither of these . two defendant
'lit the time these trsnsnetions occurred
was cognizant of the fact that in parti
cipating therein be was violating any
law of the United States. -
. "Twenty-seven years ago Mr. Oeor.r
. odiek went to the Hawaiian Islaad
and Uter became an AaaerVsan citiaen,
married an American and rose to prom
' inenee in eommertial life in ifoaolulu.
"The residential head of Haekfeld
Company haa always acted as the lo
ehl German consul. When, In Beptem
ber, 1913, Georg Bod ink became the
' local managing 'director of Haekfeld eV
i Company, 1 ba incidentally 'became the
' resfdent1 German consul at Honolulu,
receiving his exequatur from the gov
ernment of the United States. - It la
, and 'has been eustomsry for American
citizens, ' native-born and naturalised,
: to' act as consular represent atiyt with
- ia the' United Htates of foreign govern
men ts, end the incumbency of such of
fice involves no surrender of the obli
, gations resting upon thom at American
. eihsens. v
Took Legal Advtca '
, 'Tmmediatoly 'upon tbe outbreak of
the Enropean war, in August, 1914, Mr.
.. Kodlek becoming apprehensive that
' duties as consular represfjttafjve, of, .tlj?,
.German 'government might otmflMt wiV
. the. dutios of. American .' e(tizeosbip,
sooght'the advice of counsel, the most
f rominent American lawyers, in Hono
alu, and was. by them. Is formed that
the retention of hie office as .German
consul was not inconsistent, with his
duties as consular representative or in
.violation of tb President, proclama
, tion of neutrality. , A
"After receiving this advice, , Mr.
' Rodiek continued to - act as consular
representative of ' Germany until dip
' lomatic rotations between Gormupy
! and the United States Tere severed.
The oflire of consul is mainly, a com
mercial ngeney and it Wis in the ca
. paclty of commercial ;presentstive
alone that the tlefendants. Rodiek -and
prbroeder, gave 'sttention' te- the mat
ters referred toj If tit any aspect these
transactions could tjd'regardefll'aa 'vlo1
lation of any of the neutrality laws of
the United States, their participating
WILL CGIiTliiUE TO VAUGHAfl RULES HI
IICLD.PRESiDENCY IMMIGRATION CASE
J. F. Cf(agensf Will M Alkw
' Criticism. T6f Foroe 'irti notn '
Chamber pf Commerce Position '
J. F. C. flagons, presiden t of he
chamber of commerce, whose tenant of
office" his been trltieiied -betause of the
fact of bis German, parentage, docs not
lotsnd to eaigir from that offlea as a
yesult -of. such- criticism. .. V' " ';
In a letter to The Advertiser, Mr.
Hsgehs declares that there exists no
reason whatever, for suspecting his 'irt
erlcanism and' tie reason' w1iatvY' ij
ba should allow himself to be Influ
enced in -bat be see as bis duty by
r.ritioima whloh ba knows to be unjust.
,' Mr. Hsgens -writes: . v.cv-'.' -No
German ' -. ' ; , ;
V" Editor Advertiser Perhaps it is
uonesessarv for me te answer 'Dixie
lloolittle's' paid advertisement in your
paper of Ihe sixth, but I decline to
remain silent when my loyalty is que
tioned, even by one whose percentage
of -Americanism Js -so low that ba bides
behind an assumed nam when damning
me -with faint praise. -'
"la the first plaoe, I am not a Ger
man ' but ' aa AroericBB, although na
turalised, and the 'Constitution of the
United States makes no distinction be
tween the 'native bora and a naturaVaed
ctUeu. Varthermora, a very lnpe par
rentage, perhaps the onajority, of -our
fitisrne her are of the same class,
having become citlaena at the tlmo of
Annexation, for even those r-f American
jierentage -or ancestry were not ' receg
nhred .by Washington as Amrriuans but
as-, Hawaiian - --. . .,; - :-
Bacord As a Kamaalna .
' "Te 'those ' who7 have enme to On
thores after annexation, the'eonditlonV
prevailing here prior to that time may
not be so :wel) known, nor the stand
.taken by some of the kamaaina. A
glance n't the membership .roll of ".he
Annexation. Club and the roster of the
National Guard during those trouble
some times may- throw soma light on
who were then pro-Amerioaa and who
were not. I ask, can anyona who' be :
.for annexation worked and fought for
Americanism and . annexation to tbe
greatest Republle" on earth be trusted
now-or not, and is he not entitled to
recognition for such services to Amer
ica t On account of my determined pro-
American stand at that time, -I loat a
nhmber of Intimate friends who had
different opinions, and yet some of .them
are today- among our most respected
loyal eitisens. -
. "Having come here. as boy of six
teen years, and after having lived prac
tically thirty-one years in the Islands
and on the Pact fie Coast, can ther be,
In the) light of my -ir(stwford,-rily
doubt as to my sentiment and loyalty.
It aeems to me nothing leas -than deli
berate ; persecution, -- the v motives : of
whisb I cannot explain, that paid adver
tisements are used to belie my loyalty
and alneerity. ''.
America Needs All LoyaJlsta
'"'America 'needs vry loyal and pa
tridtie eltlsen in these times, including
those -of German birth and' extraction.
It is from a national point of view
that -we most look 'at things; and not
from a personal or prejudiced side, for
the aims of our common government
must be and actually are the unifica
tion of'the various elements of its citi
zenry, bud 'there it no better opportun
ity thsn the present.
am proud of my 'American citizen
ship, 'preud of the high-ideal and aims
Irt this war of my governntent, and its
President, and am, therefore, at all
timet -prepared to do my duty to my
country, the only country I ever swore
allegiance 'to; and further Hian that, I
am prepared to do my 'full duty to
wards my 'fellow-citizens In this com
munity and continue to fulfill and carry
uit the duties of any office which, by
force of circumstances or otherwise, is
entrusted to me.' ' " j'.
J. F, C. HAGEN8
Hnnnliiln. re-eember 8. 191?.' ' '
herein was without iguilty " knowledge
or Intent. - .v .
JMaloyalty Nat Ooocaixed .'
" - ".While pleadiag guilty to a violation
of ne of the neutrality lawa of. the
runtry,-aad thus, as to himself, bring
ing this trial to a ronc(uioat t tha de
fendant, Botliek,-doea aot aoaeede any
iliatoyalty. to ' this eoniltry or Jack of
devotlou to Its institotioas, ' 1
1 ''His patriotism and loyalty are evi
denced by the purchase of Liberty
Hoads to tha extent of'- about three
quartars of a -million -dollars made
by himself personally and by his firm,
H., Haekfeld -k Co ami its afflliato.l
eosserna, and . by his personal, gen
erous and continuous contributions to
jtbe -Amarican Red Cross, which facts
are well known tto 'the officials and
citizens of Hawaii. V ,
, "No charge -of any! ktnd 'ia made
againat either of these two defeadants
involving' aay , transaction occurring
subaequently -to the declaration of war
between the United States and Germany,-
otf. in fact, subsequent to the
month of June,. 1915.
"While consenting, under, the exist
ing circumstances, to the. vntry of a
plea -of i guilty. these two defendants
are 'convinced; thai' the testimony 'here
after to be produced: during the pres
ent trial wilf demonstrate that their
participation ,ln any of tha Uansau
tlona ahowifuwaa twit) 11 1 V'lrN'"'
that swh'-aci Vi")'1! v4WfM 'f
0fUhrUaite4 Blate of . Amerlr'aT "
"Furthermore, they intend by their
future conduct and future residence in
their' Hawaiian ' borne to confirm the
respect and confidence of their neigh
bor and their right to fellowship with
American eitisena.'' '-
' : Tha penalty for' the offense of which
tbe two bava pleaded guilty ia a' prison
term not to exceed three year and a
An not to exceed jnOOOV .
4 - , 1 . 11: ,
Mrs. 'Alfred' Nathan' wla At n.
eral manager of Hoffnung ar Co., one of
4be' largeatwbolesale firms in Sydney,
!wa a -visiter in ho cltyyesterday. She'
is on tifr way -home after an extended
visit In America.,
Hold Chinese Barred Out Is Still
Y CitizeH fhd Entitled v To;-'
; , Ke-Entry Tp Country .
'Bcccase- Wong King ' Chow, . alina
Wopg ?he. Fong, who beeama a nator
aliM aitlzen of the United States b
reason of having been a eitlzen under
Jhe Bepublie of Hawaii, had the United
States sonsul st Shanghai ratify his
ipasaport after tie had resided there for
two year, Ju.lejxore W. Vaugban,
Of tha jUnittd Htstes District Court,
held yesterday that the Chinese had nut
expatriated himself under the provis
ions of an Act of Congress, datsd
March 2, J907, and is therefore entitled
to -entry into the Islands as an
American eitir. n.
, Wong Hing rhow went to China from
Honolulu In inn. He returned to this
port this year, l.ut was denied entry by
Immigration lnpector-ln-Chief Halary,
not because of the peculiar conditions
of his automatic naturalization as an
American eltiz.cn by prior citizenship
under the Republic of Hawaii law, hut
because he was of the opinion that un
der the 1907 lnw the Chinaman had au
tomatically expntriated himself by Dot
declaring bis intention to return to the
iUaitad Stntes, or pecificaily, to Hr
iwaiL ';;'--' ',r
Allowed to Enter
; Judge Taughun held otherwise, and
ordered the hnhen eorpus proceeding
Idlsmissed, the Chinaman given his free
dom and 'permission " to re-enter the
.Territory and renew hi residence here.
I Judge Ya'ughnn set forth a number of
ifact -concerning nnturallzntion in con
nection with prior right of citizenship
iunder the Republic by reason of enact
ments in the Organic Act and cited tbe
following , . ,
' "1. . By Pcction 4 of the Oraanie
Act, all those who were citizens of the
Republic Of Hawaii on August 12, 189ft.
are declared citizen of the United
, "2. Article 17, Section 1 of the
constitution of the Republic of Hawaii,
declared ail those born or naturalized
In the Hawaiian Island. citizen of y
"".3." ' Petitioner hnd been naturalized
in the Hawaiian Islnnda and became a
citizen of the Republic of Hawaii and
alio of the United State.
"4. ,' The second paragraph of the
second aection of the act of March 2,
190?, applies to those only who came to
the United States from some foreign
state and cannot by construction be ex
tended to include those upon whom citi
zenship was conferred when the coun
try of which they' wore citizens wo n-nexs4-to.
the United-State. - - -.
'"5. The presumption of expatriation
from residence in a foreign eountry un
der act of March 2, 1907, doea not arise
until the citizen has resided in the for
eign country for the requisite time
without evidencing any intention to re
tain his citizenship, and in computing
such time,' that time during which the
citizen' wa claiming citizenship and
the protection of a passport issued by
the government of the United States
should not be counted."
On his return to Honolulu Wong Hing
Chow ran up against law and immigra
tion technicalities, one being that he
had 'failed to substantiate his claim for
admission, and wu ordorcd deported to
;China., : -
The 'judge continued hla argument by
-eeying that the' petitioner, having been
a nnttrnilizetf citizen in ' the Hawaiian
-Island under the monarchy and being
a resident of the Islands at the time of
tko formation of the Republic; of Ha
waii and subject td its jurisdiction,' he
was by virtue of its constitution made
n c.'tizea of the-Rcpublic from its incep
tion. W.-'s Citizen of Republic
"Was he a naturalized citizen of the
Republict" queries Judge 1 Vaughan.
" lie should not be considered such on
less others made citizens by the consti
tution be considered the same,- It ap
pears to me that be is entitled to be
considered as hnvlng brten '' eitizon of
the Republic of the same class as all
other upon whom citizenship was con
ferred by tbe constitution in the'begia
ning. I consider the stutus of such as
being similar to that of those living in
the United State of. America' at the
time of the formation of tko govern
ment of the United State."
"But he was subject to the provis
ions of Section 2 of the Act of March
', 1907. When he shall have resided for
two year in a foreign state or for five
years, it shall bo presumed that he ha
ceased to be an American citizen and
the place of hi abode shall be the for
eign state in which he then resides, un
less sntisfsctory evidence ia shown to
the diplomatic official that he intends
to retain his naturalization citizenship;
hut no citizen, shall be allowed to .ex
patriate himself yrhqnJhils1,fountrv is. at
war.".'. " .' .
The judge shows that the petitioner
had his ' passport extended, by the
American consular office at Shanghai ia
'1915, and on this showing the jurist
eeya he doe not believe the Chinese
hnd any, Intention of expatriating him
self. - ' .
TOKIO. December (Speciul to
Nippu Jiji) The budget for 1918 was
ofticially announced today by the Jap
nnse government.- The budget calls
for the expenditure of 722,500.000 yen.
This amount will be expended for de
fense, industrial and commercial devel
opment. The fund will be raised by an In
crease in the income tax, and increase
on wines, 'silk; eider, tobaccos 'and
postals. . The tax on steamer ami rail
road fares will be eliminated aa will
also tb tax on oil. ".
SHOWS LARGE INCREASE
Wisscr Docs Not ;
Intend To Bar
Soldiers' Frcni City
Denies Truth of Rumor That
j Army Headquarters' Is Con
. templating Drastio Action To
; Protect Men From evils
- "I believe the rooal authorities are
doing what they can, "id General
Wlsaer, commander of the Hawaiian
department, yesterday, when asked
what the eitiz'ns of Honolulu should do
to prevent till city being closed to sol
Miters nf the Inenl tmrrlsna tieCAaae tkf
It ope,' flaunting condition of vice, j
in uniform may secure boose at any
.time.' ' ' ,: -.' : : -':' 1 -',. '
' General Wisser disposed of the rumor
which had gained circulation that tb
army nnthoritie were planning to dis
cipline Honolulu the army authorities
of Camp Iewia, American Lake, Wash
ington, 'have disciplined Seattle and
Taenma, and as tbe naval authorities of
M are Island have disciplined Vallejo.
Tb general denies that the army bead
quarters here is -contemplating any ac
tion whatever against the city ot the
condition permitted by tha citizen to
continue. . , .
' - The report on the street stated that a
general order Wss soon to bfi Issued pro
hibiting any soldier from Coming In to
Honolulu from any of the army posts. 1
"I have heard of no snch order or
movement, nor of any contemplated ac
tion of thia character,": said the gen
"Won't Intarfera -.
: Tha commanding officer went on te
say that the militnry had no desire to
interfere with the civilians in the, ad
ministration of local affairs, and ex
pressed the opinion thnt ''oflicinls were
doing what they eonld" to prevent con-diti'-sa
becoming "a flagrant as rumor
report them to b.
General- Wisser. seemed surprised
when questioned a tojirobable or pos
sible action to force Honolulu 'a com
pliance with the repeated requests of
the secretary of war respecting civilian
protection of soldier from vice and
booze,' and immediately voiced the
opinion that a far. a ho waa aware no
action by the army is contemplated. .'
General- Wlaser says the military au
thorities do not wish to 'interfere with
the civilians, and it is assumed from
this expression that he, aaj command
ing officer of uch a large .local mili
tary population, looks to th Official. of
the civil governments to do'their duty
properly, follow' the letter of the fed
eral lnw atrictly; and prevent vice from
obtaining a hold upon the trommunity
which, naturolly, pave the way for un
dermining military discipline and the
health of the army forces, j .
Boose for Soldiers - I
"I.iqnor i obtainable herefty HoMiers.
It is obtainable by officers-, .'one of the
latter having recently 'appeared iw po-'
lice court end pleaded guilty to the
charga nnd was heavily fined, and will
also be dealt with by the army authori
ties. Soldiers were before the United
States commissioner yesterday as wit
nesses in eases where liquor had been
aold to men in uniform. ,
Nit Yau, Iiim Sing and" Tasutaro
Ishisaki, ail churged with having sold
liquor to soldier, are now out under
bond and held to the United States
court for trial, information having been
filed against thom yesterday. Army
authorities are supplying considerable
information to the United States au
thorities leading to the arrest and eon
' viction of men who flagrantly -violate
the federal law opposed to aalea of
liquor to men in uniform. " :-' v. '.,..
ITALY FAIL TO VIN
(Continued from- Pag 1) -to
fall back the German Artillery con
tinued to pour shell into those posi
tion. ' ."
Air Attack Fall
.4Twenty-flve enemy airplane Wed
nesday night carried out big raid' an
KnIand. Only six of these succeeded
iri reaching London. . Two of theao
wot shot down and the crew of threo
1 ih bombs dropped by the raider
caused aome fires, but patrols aooa ex
tinguished them. Tho cnsualtie .wore
light. ,: ' ";'
FINLAND is! DIRE
LONDON, Decembor 7 (Associated
j Press) Fininnd is in desperate straits
1 for food and an appoal has been made
' . . . . . . M L. J .1 i
inrougn me preB - ur pwpuen idbi
measures mny be taken for-the relief
of the eountry. The appeal la issued
by the Finnish food commission, ac
cording to advices received from the
Kxehange Telegraph Company. " ' r.
Finland is said to be unable to save
'itself and thousands of families will
hunger aud starve unless they be help
,d soon. :. .
GRIND TO BEGIN ,
1 Alexander Baldwin announce that
the various plantation mill represent
ed by this agency will begin grinding
Of the 191K cune crop as follows: '
Hum uilan Commercial, December 8
Maui Agricultural Company, December
17; Hawaiian Sugar Company Decem
ber 3; MeRryde, December 17, end Ka
hnku, December M. ; ' t ' j
', 'Keknlia,' Waimen and pioneer are al
ready Kr'n,"nflli Waialua will start' De
remlier 10, aud the Maul Agricultural
Company and iloHrytle Will Start Do
j Eh a is scheduled to begin tomS time
this month, while the Other will not
aturt until January. - '
MASSED DRIVES UPON
STRAITS FOR FOODS
GO ML POOLING
OF RAILROADS IIEAH
President Calls Important Con
:. ference of Government Of--'
- ficials To Devise Plans
: WASHINGTON, December 7 (A
foclated Press) Further consolidation
Of railroads and railroad system such
a that which hss already been effect-
td ia th pooling of the Ksstern ronds
to relieve congestion and expedite th
transportation -of essential freight la
toJ, expected within a few dsys.
Step looking-towards traffic consolida
tion nav tireaoy neen tasren and tt it
Probable that it will he extetMs 44
eover kfl parU'Of the continental Unl-'
ted States.' 1
President Wilson yesterday conferred
With 'McAdoo, Newlnmls end th mem
bers ot. thd Interstate Commerce Com
mission oa way and mean of unifying
railway rate and railway, operation. j
This was dona ia preparation for a
general consolidation to be effected
fitber through government eontrol or
Support. , .1
j.. .. . . v . . ..... -.
Those Whose Scruples , Prevent
t Fighting Can't Vote
. LONDON, December 7 (Associated
yress) Those who are too conscienti
ous to light 1 the battles of their country-la
time of need are unworthy .of
the. tight of, .suffrage and so tha house
nf commons decided yesterday, wtien
it wa determined by that body to die
francklaa all who refuse to serve their
country in. tb conduct of tha war and
give a an excuse that they have con
scientious scruples against war and tha
causing of bloodshed.
The; decision - reached by th com
mon ' provides for the disfranchise
ment of persons of this clas for th
period ox the war- ana for nve yeeua
after tha war and.
Belief Prevails Congress Will Not
! i Act At Present
."WASHINGTON. IVeeinber 7-r-(Asso-ciaUd
Prea) No - Lkelihoott - of any
action by coogrea at -this session on
the question -of determining upon a
fixed policy .for .universal military eer-.
vice is seen by Representative Dent,
chairman of the house committee .on
military affairs. .
Hearing on the new army appropria
tion are scheduled to begin today be
fore the .house .committe on .'military
affair. Ma this connection, the hair
man, Representative Dent, yesterday is-'
sued a statement ia which be aald that
it is his belief that tbe permanent mili
tary policy or tbe country will aot be
deuided until after the nreaaura of
islation which i absolutely esaaaUal
to the immediate successful conduct of
tha war has been passed. II addod
hi belief that tho question of perma-'
nently -continuing the policy of uni
versal military aervie would also wait
and - that . .the belective Draft Law
would stand' except for such amend
ments aa .may be -steaded to raak its
operation more effective., 1 . . . '
UKqANIANS Afltl APPOSED
TO PUN, FOR ARMISTICE
PARIS, December 7 (Associated
Press) Offlsial denial has been m
eeived from th nw Ukraaiaa govern
ment of aay attempt to unite. in or
participate- in tho negotiation for aa
armistice and peace with Germany.
The Ukraniana assert .they will -continue
to fight and will not ehaace a
sacrifice of their liberty aad indepen
dence. . .
EASTERN FIRM SECURES
PEARL HARBOR CONTRACT
CHABLE8T0N, North Carolina, p.
eember 7 ( Assecisted ' Press) -Con-tract
for the eonstruetion of a la r ire oil
station to be built at Pearl Harbor,
Territory Of Hawaii, has bees award
ed by. -the navy department to tka
Moore Coastrustioa .Company of thia
city, umer contract bave been a4,
Vf rtised . and will soon be let. "
CHANGES AT WAILUKU
, WAILDKU, Doeembef 2-i-Anilreas
Gross, for many year bead of 'thffsWt-
kapu division of the 'Wailuku Sufear
Company, has tendered his resignation
ana win accept a position with the Pio
neer Mill Company, Lahaina. ,
Mr. Gross is an excellent plantation
man and baa wide experience a a
planter. Some year back he waa man
ager ot the Kipahujujrfantatioa. Later
he accepted a position offered him by
r T . 1 1 . - ... .. . '
v.. a, rveus, men manager or Wailuku
Sugar Company, a bead book keener.
He remained In that position onlv for a
snort time, wnen ne was transferred to
Wailiee a beaa-of tbut division. - A
few year after, at tha death of Clar
tence Roberts, he became the head of
the Walkapo division.' .
SCHOFIELD NOW COLONEL
The quartermaster of tbe Hawaii
a"mnninni is now a colonel, me omc-:
being filled by Colonel Richmond Me A
Scliolleld. Order were recently ;re
eoiveil from Washington oromotlair bim
to his nresent Brade. He ia in nntlm
charire of all construction woTk in the
pfl,pnrtinnt. During his regime a .vatt
I amouni or worn aa been planned for
I the housing of troops, and equipment
SMpplies aud eommisaary for tbe whole
1 uuuiary esiauiisument in uawaii.
NOT TO BE TOUCHED
Twenty-five Years In Sentence
Civerrrvt. A. Taylor, Who Is ..
Charged With Many Crimes
Twenty-Aye years In ' military
prison at hard labor, with dishonor
able dlschhrge from the army and for
feiture of all pay and allowance, Is
the sentence. imposed upon' Private
Acle Tylor, formerly of Compssy- X,
85th .Infantry, Schofield Barracks, who
waa coniricted of a series of .burglaries,-aad
'Hem Ota at murder and rapej,
nearly all of which offenses- were eoss
mitted withinMhe spao of on wsek
ia October. . j
. Th recital of the otter disregard of
law and order which Private Taylet
manifested toward the army and the
civil somnonlty, classes bim as a ''bad
man" of 4h worst type, a maa who
bas dropped the lowest type of
beast lif-hia velstlon to his fellow-men.
Th member of the SSth Infantry,
who were o unfortunate a to be hi
frlloW-soldlers, tiav expressed .a sense
ot relief itbat the man ha been sen
tenced to nch a long term pf imprison
ment and .that their regiment has been
purged of an influence which waa bring'
ing 'it o -much discredit,.' ... -
. lrivate Aeie Taylor visited Fort
Armstrong on October. 22 and while en
joying the freedom of 'the -post, stole
a watch valued at about 425 - from
Private Elmore Taylor, of the 25th In
fantry, who wa at the post at th
me time. . - ; ' -
Three day later, at night, Private
Taylor broke into the dwelling .house
of Albert Kan we, Jr., with the inten
tion of burglarising it. ' Kauwe met
him and attempted to defend hit houie,
being- struck by Taylor many time.
But before Kauwe appeared on the
scene,'. Mr. Kauw wa attacked by
Taylor and wa saved from a felonious
assault by the appearance of her bos
band.. Taylor shot Mrs. Kauwe with a
22 ealiber revolver, -and for; thia" was
charged with attempted murder.
. Four day after: thl incident ha
broke into the house of -Sawyer Nich
ioka, to burglarize it-and also to com
mit rape, but was prevented from tar
rying .out .his -intentions. Tha same
night he broke into .tha bona of iLe
Sew with latent to commit lerteny.
not eontent wtta bis acUvUies that
night, Taylor broke into the bouse of
Mrs. A. B. Lau and atole a ouantitv of
jewelry at follow t on opal and gold
bracelet, valued at 45; one gold locket
ana r nam, ia; on gold ana jade Ting,
(d54 and eoin,' about i35. . , . ) :
Kurthermore, k waa aharged with
carryin g a adncealed weapon . on or
about Ostober 29. ' . - .'.
General Wiaser approved th sentence
of th -military court, and dek;nated
thrUrilted States oenitentlarv at Mo-
Neil's Island, Washington, aa the plae
ui eonnnemeni. . . .1
MANY. RUSSIANS "WISH " '
:r t- : to; return home
Four hundred Russian men.: women
nd .children, of tbe' ontlnoejita mho
were brought here f ram .Siberia many
year ago,, desire 'to return to thair
eoumry and , nave so mgniled their
wishes, to . Wl W. Troutaliold. .RiissiaB
aonsiil general, who earn. here to make
an investigation concerning them. Pcr-
missioa. ror tneir . reentry tat their
eountry i expected soon from abroad.
Mr. Troutshold. owinir to tb ..varied
hange of government at Petroerad.
ha received no halary sine Septem
ber,, aad i marooned here as far aa
.knowing what is really coins on in his
eountry. The Russians do not wish to
tteturn to Siberia aatll 1 th - winter
svuavr 11 V.ver. ,, ',:, m- .',,.
CHINESE WANTS TO GET-
INTO ACTIVE SERVICE.
Charles Wyman Chun, a Chiaeaa bora
kin tkflUwiiau Islands, who hour e-
cemreo ais registry number tnnder .the
Selective Draft plana, want to get iute
active ssrvice, aad haa '- appealed t
uayar sern to aeipiaiav' H srant t
do what he can for Hawaii nel and hi
country the United State. 'Th letter
has been referred to Coptaia tOraeo of
tne urart board.. t , ?.. - ;,.f
ALL ALIEN ENEMIES TO .
f BE TREATED; ViKE. GERMANS
t . . , . . - -.-
Alien in Hawaii who claim Austria,
Bulgaria and Turkey a their aoversign
countries, are to rb subjected to ex
actly tha same kind of war-regulation
-now enforced upon Germans, !ia : th
statement emanating from tba Ualted
States Attorney' office. Ther are.
however, very few of these natioaali
ties Uvlng tn th Islands. A. few nat
uralisation cases, Jn which the nation
alities r involved, will come up for
easidratlun shortly before.. Judge
Pvindxter, of th United State fourth
Any persons of these nationalities who
are employed oa government' work,
will probably ba discharged a 100a, as
war is declared against Germany ' al
lies by the United State.
AIDE TQ ROLPH V
Word ba been teselved ksre thai P.
A. Drew, secretary of tba California
Hawaiian Refinery, hss been granted a
leave of absence to act as assistant to
Oeorge Rolph, member. the interna
tional sugar sum mit tee. Mr, Rolph wss
general manager of the Calif omia-Ha-waiian,
but was riven leave of absene
to act as augar director under Food
Mr. Drew is a -cousin of John Drew,
heinl of tbe shipping department of
Cuttle A Cooke.
SINCLAIR NOT CANDIDATE
Dr. A. N. Sinclair, , of th United
States Marine Hospital Service, aad
bead 'of the I.eahi Hospital, who haa
been mentioned in oonneotion with th
election of a successor to Werner
Koelil as superintendent of Queen'
Hospital, say be Is aot a candidate for
tbe ponitio, aad would not aebept tha
position eveu should it be offered him.
IS TO BE CHECKED
ThOse Who Use Act To increase
,: Income Will Find Them- ,
; ' serves In Trouble' ; V '
COLLECTOR JpHNSTONE "
TOLD TO INVESTIGATE
Moving picture Houses.; Tobacco
Dealers and Druggists Ambng .
Those To Be ' Examined:,"
Proprietors of movies picture house. .
tobacco dealer bod merchant general- '
ly Who "have . aaed provision of the
war revenue act te increase their
profits may meet sharp check from, the-'
federal government a the result of a 1
nation-wide investigation that baa been '
startad hy the treasury department.
Tbe method that i to be followed ia
making Mb Investigation is indicated .
in- order that have been received at , '
the offise of th eolloctor of interul
revenue here., .,- . ,,
The local office ha been iustructe,!
to inyeatignte price of commodities af- ',
fetd by the, tax provision pf tb
war revenue act. All eases Jn which
prices hava beea anduly inflated art
t b reported to Washington. , It Is
stated that a long list of artioles tiled, '
nndVr tho new act are now br reason
of the act paykig dealera bigger
proAt than before the tax wa imposed., '
Pv It Qta4 ;.,?;.r .:, ,
Reference wat made reaeatlr to 1,
magaaite advertisement of ,a phono- -.
graph, in which the atatenseat was c
made that five percent had been added,
to the price "due to the war, tat' .
Ia this' way tha act wat made to par -
tne seuer or tha ptionograph -t) clear .
added .profit . of two porcsnt, because ';
tb war tax on phonocrauht amounts to
only three percent. V ' 1
.The -fame sort of criticism ha Wen
levelled against moving picture house t
generally. It is pointed out thst while
th wat tax on admissions is tea per
cent af the pile, of admission, . then-
tera generally have boosted the price
of admission from fifteen to forty per
ant to meet thia ten percent tax.. Ia
answer to charges of this or moving '
pitture men reply that in addition tothe ''
war-tax an tdmissienn, they are called "
apoa te pay tha film footaga tax, .
wiear it -,t aamlttea, tuts become aa
important factor in tbe coat of filmi
The 'total footage tax on film, bow- "
aver, . amonat to three fourth of ,a '
cent a . foot. A it is paid but .onea
and 'a the film art used indefinitely, "
tka footage tax charge, U ia contend-
mi, ,t spread ont awera-very 4arg
number, of bouse and 'in the end may-.,
not amopnt to a great deal. ' ,-'.
Tobace Boaters Hit V .', ':
,' X'igaretto aod tobacco dealer ar"
aid to be flagrant of feeders, in the
matter of using th tax act to gouge '
sot' added', profit.' The new . re venae
let lift th tax on cigarette -ighty -'
cant a thousand, over 'what it wa be
fore. 'Th war tax therefore on a pack- , '
ago af tba -mora popular 'brands of ai- ';.
gs,rttea that retail at fifteen eeats for :
a .packag of ten ' would be precisely
four-fifth of a cent. ' Tet many deal- 1
era, have" boosted -tha prices .of these -
bread t real fifteen cent .a pack
to twenty cents, scoring an added profit ,
of four and a-fifth cents, on the -pretext
-of collecting the tax af four fifths,
of ent. -.-; -, - 1 v, - - - -" - -1. '.
Thi is partleularly the aae ia Ho
nolnhiv ' .. 1 ''( ' '-.',- ; -.
' -In. 1 answer! to thi aharga .-tobacco .
dealers .point But that .profits on sigar-,
etssr almost, divisible and that most ;
of them ga,'into. the offers of the '
American Tohaaeo company. They eoa- '
tend that ln the face, of rising prise it
would hav ' been - necessary to rala
prloea, war. tax or a wartax and that ;
th Ucreate ia oae that waa aeesary '
and only, by coincidence was mad at
the same time -that the increase -wa '
mad' to" meat the - war tax t v r 1 ',
Ahonti01gart'-.''v '. y.'.ti y ;.....;'. v ,
iTh general charge work out tn tb V
same way in the aalea of cigars. Those
retailing at less thn four cents,: brand
for which th demand ia slight, ana net .
taxed; Oa a popular brand whiah form
erly, aeld for six for quarter tha in
ereaM of tax antoaat to $1 a thousand. V
With, many populas amokea of thi sort '
th dealer merely hav quit Belling six .
ror a quarter and aeii tbe eigara.at
0 etgar at -'
1 aee a , ; '. j,'
ka out that' ;
tax on hi,'.; .', .?'.
oflt of elev ., ',
hv.ieai Msaight. Thi
slight change, but it work
the smoker py the war 1
elgar and also an exeeat profit
enftsenth- of a cent and mean that
the dealer makes a profit of $7.33
00 a thousand cigtrs more'' than
formerly, with the war tax paid. a
tbe more costly brand on .which tha
tax, is higher and which hav had haav
ier -prion Uteres, tba excess profit
climb still higher. , ' - , .
Other Oooda .-.''"' ; -."W . '
lVrfumes, cosmetics and extract! bra
also earning in for . attention front th -government.
The new tax on thia
class of goods la two percent, and ia
many cases maanfaeturers are1 meeting . -thi
tax without making any increase ( '
in th price charged jobber and re
tailor. , It is stated, however, that
csa are not lacking la which dealer ,
have seen it to -raise priees oa goods'
of this kind all the wsy from tea to
forty percent, ."due to the war tat.f
Amsng other artial that eoma with
in ihe scope, of tb investigation nd
th rata of tax fixed under, the reve
nue act, - are: '' player pianos, - phono
graphs and records, three percent; su
tomobllea, three poreenti jewelry, three il
percent j sporting goods, halls and bats, ' ,
tennis racket and implement used
ia game, three percent; perfume,
potest medicines, toilet articles, two
percent; chewing gum, two percent;
cameras, three percent. '
Acting Col leu tor of Internal Revenue '
Ralph A. Johnstone stated yesterday .
that he had received Jiist ructions front
the treasury department to investigate
unwarranted price increases oa good '
taxed by the war revenue act. Ha said
that bis offioe would mak aa invstigaJ
tioa here and forward the report to
Washington, aa direUl,
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