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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, December 11, 1917, Image 7

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1917-12-11/ed-1/seq-7/

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. ,1 HAWAIIAN p ALETTE. ..TUESDAY. , PECEivIBEkJ 11..., 1917-SEAiI-WEEKLY. ... '.
0' '
ID
EO COSTS
SHARED BY LABOR
Planters'! Association Adapts
: oysicrn o war uonamons;
. ' Announces New Scale ',
BASIC, FJGUREtAisED ;
TO EIGHTY-FIVE DOLLAR
On PrfcO .Fixed By Commissions
Laborers Will Receive ; Fit-
'. fw.fnilr t)orACi'Ae CVioi-a
Rcadjutment of the bonus' lystem .si
Hit to meet war time business eondl
tloim wn announced yesterday by the
nawaimn Bugar riaatera' Assoc!
tion following meetings of the commit
tee on bouua revision, and. the trustee
of tho association. Announcement was
made from tho labor bureau of the as
sociation ami. as forecast by The Ad
.vertiwr, the change is i a reviaion
downward to allow for the increased
cost of production. !'..', V. : v. .: . '.
.But one change' is made in the re
vised bonus system but that amend
meuT is basic if or it change the mini
mum pries upon which the. bonus is to
be paid from $71 to $H5. That is with
ugar at, 4.25 cents a . pound : .'labor
would receive one and one-half percent
ionn instead or twenty-one percent as
at ine present time. . Approximately
, six cent pound ha bey $xed by the
sugar conunissions as maximum price
for raw sugar. and on that basis the
laborer will receive bonus of fifty,
four percent Instead of seventy-live
under the old system.
fxats Art Higher ' ' ' ','
ilk territorial taxes raised fifteen
peint, and not even considering the
added war taxes where -there are earn
ings upon which it can be assessed,
with fertiliser cost doubled, large in
creases in the costs of all that enters
into augar production, i a . tax on the
bills of lading of all supplies that are
brought In and all sugar that la sent
out, with the practical certainty of
much higher freight rate for both sup
plies brought in and shipments 'made,
which will perhaps" be at least double
. those '-that prevailed ' this year,-th
planter have found . it , necessary to
base the bonus on figures $14 a ton
higher than the old. This does not
fully cover the Increased costs of pro
duction to the plantations but divide
it nnd W the desire of the. planter
to nink4 labor' share of any profits
as large' as might be consistent with
fair business methods, members of the
association say. . !
Profits and Cost Shared
It is pointed , out by sugar grower
that the bonus plan vwa designed as 'a
profit sharing policy and (that profit
must be based upon costs. Costa are
and will be materially higher thWn
they were when the theory was first
put into practise. If it 1 to be a fair,
sharing of profits labor, must share
with capital the increased production
costs. The profits of both are de
creased accordingly, but in addition to
this tho investor in the sugar industry
. must pay a tax on! 1iis earnings whicn
tho laborer will not have to pay.
Bequests Not Heeded
It i noticeable that in the announce
ment of the new bonus basis no hoed
is puid to the requests of the Japaa
cse Association for the consideration
of the Higher Wage (juastion eithoi
iu regard to increases in wage or to a
readjustment of the system ; which
would permit those who work less than
twenty day a month in the case of
men and fifteen day a. month in the
case of women to participate in the
division of profits. One reason for the
putting into effect of a profit sharing
plan iu the first instance was to en
courage regularity of service from em
ployed plantation labor. It has at no
time been likely that the planter
would change that policy.
'Believed To Be Acceptable
How the laborer will take the an
nouncement remaiua to be seen. The
heud of one of the largest agencies
said yesterday that he was sure they
would tuke it iu the spirit of fairness
in which it- was offered. He added
that he had been associated with them
in business ways for years and that
lie had found them generally fair and
reaily to meet hulf way when the rea
no its were expluined. When it was
shown to them that the old bonua wa
an impossibility, he believed that they
would accept it without demur.
The following is the announcement
made by the association:
Bonus Announcement
When tho bonus system was inaugu
rated In January, 1912, $71 per ton
was set as the point where the bonus
should begin a being a fair figure
when , there was taken into considera
tion the average coat at market of Ha
waiibu sugar at that time. Since the
Kur-ipe:tn War started louditiou huve
radically changed and the eutry of the
1'uited State 'into 'the struggle has
been followed by a heavy increase in
all of the expeuso of the plantations.
During the past two years, by rea
son of the war, the coat of producing
Minr in llarwaii has increased in ex
cess of $25 per ton.-
In addition to this the plantation
must face a large iucrease of freight
rates on sugar a well a all material
imported, aud must also pay income
and war taxes which will amount to at
Ion it twenty five percent of their
profits. 1
On account of these Increased costa
it ha been found necessary to amend
the bonus schedule. '
The following bonus scehdule is there
fore announced to date from Novem
ber 1, 1917 and to continue until fur
ther notice.
The basis of the bonus shall be the
average price upou which sale of Ha
waiian raw sugars ar determined. .
The bonus of oue and oue-hulf per
cent will commence with sugar at $83
per ton and will increase one and one
half percent for every dollar per ton
ovir Sr, and thirty three 'And one
thir l percent of the wages earned will
be paid monthly as an advance ou ac
count t' the bonu as heretofore.
Eliding Scale Bonus (Amended as of
November 1, 1917.) .
Tbu sliding seule bwuu plan adopt-
NCREA
ed by th plantations ' January ' 1, 1912.
and amended a of April 1, 1916, shall
be amended to read and ba a here
inafter set forth. :,
Bonua- Period - ; t - -
First. The bonus period will be for
twelve-months to end .Uctetier 31 in
sen tear.oat.il further notices j;..?
Determination and Baal of Bonus'
. Second, (a) That the base price"of
sugar lor the purpose . Of figuring 'tne
bonu shall be f the average price Upon
which-sale of Hawaiian raw sugar are
doterminedt . ; - i " A ' ' ' ;
.- (bV. Jf the price paid for Hawaiian
pfl raw sugar average for the yea
4.25 cents per pound $85 per ton-r
laborcfs shall receive a. bonua of one
and One-half percent of their wages or
earnings a nereinarter set forth, and
for every doljsr per ton increase over
$83 per otn, the - bonu will be in
creased one and one-half percent, a
roiiows: .
IMce per lb. Price per ton
Bonus
Dollars
Percent
m M
4.:io
4.-15
4.40
4.43,
AM
f .63
4,60
4.65
4.70
,4.75
i iM
4Jt5
4.90 '
4.95
5.00
5.05
'B.10-
5.15
5.80'
6.23 '
5..-J0
6.35 '
6.40 .
5.43
8.50
'fiM
5.60
'6.70
6.75
5.80
0.85
5.00
5.95
6.
- 1.5
' a.
-4.5
e. ;
7.5
9.
10.5
13.5
15.
.5 ;
.18. :
.19.3
21.
$2.3
24.
25.5
27.
' 28.5 "
'30. ,
nu
33.
34.5 '
36.
37.5
. 39.'
40.5
45.
40.3
'48. '
49.5
81. ,
62J5
64.
86
87
88
89
0
,91
92
9:i
94
93
. 90 .
97
99
100
101
10a
103
164
105
l(l
107
108
109 '
110
111
112
11.1
114
11.1
116
117
118
11 '
120 ,;rv
Unit a 1 Art In lilra ttKAnnvr 1 am
aia vu W as w ivuviiuu - '1
ai uj wage lADorera ana snort
Tern Contractors
"(1) All laborers on a dav wge basis
of $24 per month- and under and all
short term contractors shall be entitled
to a bonu provided they work, in the
ease of men, not less than twenty day
per. calendar month, and jn the case
of . women, not less , than fifteen days
per calendar month.
m To these laborer thirty-three
and one-third percent of their monthly
earnings shall be paid monthly on ac
count of the annual bonus due Octo
ber Si, and if they shall thereafter
continue in . the employ of -the same
plantation until, the end. of the bonus
period . 4 bey shall then , be paid the
balance of the bonus,, if any,
(B) Cultlraung Contractor .
1) jCulUvaOna contractor shall be
paid a bonus on the basis of wages at
the rate of $24 pet month of twenty
six days in the ease. of, men, and $i
per month In the ease f .women, "cro
vided they work not less than twenty
a ays in any calendar month in the case
of men. and fifteen days in any calen
dar month ia the ease of women.
(2) To these cultivating contractors
thirty -three and one-third percent of
tneir mommy wage calculated on the
above basis shall be toaid monthly on
account of the annual , boons due Oc
tober 31,- and the balance of the bonus,
if any, shall be paid at the end of the
bouua period. , . ' . -
Contract Based on Price ef Sugar
f ourth. None of the above provi
sions ia regard to the payment o'
bonus shall apply to : the contractors
whose contract are settled according
to the price of sugar. -;
Settlement Periods and Participation
rifts. All laborers entitled to a
lonts who are working ou a plantation
on October 81, shall be paid the full
amount of tho bonus tur ouch tin I
every .month, of the bonu period dur
iug which -they have , worked on such
plantation twenty days per calendar
mouth J n tho case 0 men and fifteen
days per calendar, mouth iu the case
of woumn,. le,t what they have re
ceived as a monthly advance as here
inahove provuieu.
If the. laborer shall have been ex
cused from work by the manager be
cause of physical .disability, or other
good reason, the loss of time caused
thereby shall not be construed to do
prive him of the entire amount of the
bonus, but he shall be entitled to a
proportion of the !sam for the num
ber of days- work, performed.
.Walter Eric Qeshwemt, quartermas
ter on k vessel between here and the
Coast,. and said by federal oBJcials to
be an alien German, was arrested by
United States Marshal .J. J. Smiddy
t, . two-thirty yesterday ; afternoon.
Pending further investluations he is
being held at the Oahu prison.
,Gehweid'a baggage was searched
by Marsbai 8middy, following the ar-
. 1. .. 1 ! I
toBi., .Mut uu jucriuiiuaiing eviuenco
was fouud, - .
According, to federal officials Oesh-
wend claimed he was a Swede. Ou the
ship's article be 1 booked a such,
but Marshal Mmlddy i said to have in
formation showing that She man is sn
lien Merman. '
'Facts pf th chse' were cabled to
Washington,' yesterday afternoon and
8iuilty is now waiting instructions re
tarding (Jesowead' ilispos!.
fiEFOSEb T6 WATCH FOB
U-BOATS; GIVEN 5 YEARS
NEW YORK, November 23-Five
year at hard labor in the army dis
ciplinary barrack at Governor's t
laud wa the sentence a court mar
tial lu the ease Of Charles K. (icrloch
of Brooklyn, second pfllcer of su army
transport, because ba- refused to serve
a lookout-for submarine and torpe
does while hi ship was in the Euro
pean 'danger xone. .
URGEIMPORTATION
OFIIKUBOR
Plan. freiito.lenly S'olution of
- V . J aa a a
aenous rroDicm ivaiion,.
Is Now Facing
., Jn line with suggestion that have
been made from time to time in Hono
lulu to meet labor shortages by the
Importation of Chinese workers, par
ticularly for agricultural work, recom
mendations are being advanced from
various quarter on the mainland along
the same Tine and advocate of the
plan hold that in Chinese labor lies the
only solution of the farm labor prob
lem, in the I'nited States.
.With the country rapidly being drain
ed of its young men called to sorve the
colors under the draft, the need of
farm labor is said to be . becoming acute
in many districts and coincident with
this need of hasds to till the soil comes
th need of greater production of food
stun' to fee.l our own men at the front
and the Allies, beside caring for home
needs,
Must Get Labor
'It is urged that the present is no
time in which to trust to experiments
or to attempt any plan . of. drafting
labor. from the cities which could give
onlv. men ignorant and unfitted for the
tasks set them on the farms of tjie
natiori. Still, the need Of men Is not
to be' dodged and many who have
studied- all angles Of the problem see
in China's great population of skilled
agriculturists the , onPy solution by
which farms can be made to yield the
foodstuffs so urgently needed. : ,
Various schemes have been advanced
by which Chinese labor might be used
temporarily. One of these 1 the ad
mission of workers for limited terms
under some form of restriction and
supervision with security in some form
given that all those admitted would in
time be returned' to their native country.-.
What form of organization mlg'ht
assume an obligation of the sort and
methods of its operation and probable
.effects are details of the problem yet
u w worsen out. ':-.
Van Norden Gives View
; Warner M. Van Borden, who hs pro
nounced views on the., subject, sees the
importation of Chinese workers a the
only key that will unlock the great
potential store of foodstuffs the. nation
Is able to produce. .
' "The United States Government has
but one alternative When it considers
production for the coming year" said
Van Norden in an interview for the
New York Sun when asked to comment
on , the proposed governmental legisla
tion relative to' hi plan of imnortinif
Chinese 'farmers.
; "Before' the-spring planting of 1918
arrive' this country shall either have
to draft men' from the .cities to work
on the farms or Import Chinese farm
er. It has never been denied that the
Chine farmer are superior to the
farmers or any. other nation in the
quantity of produce they exact from
each acre they cultivate. So far our
Government has done but little to
stimulate the increase St crops in this
country. Price regulating has oper
ated contrariwise.
"The position of the farmer may
readily be understood. , Should a
farmer raise a thousand bushels of
wheat and receive $3.25 a bushel, he
would net $3,230, On the other, hand
should he raise twelve hundred bushels
and receive $2 a bushel he would
uet $2,400 a difference of $860 less
for the twelve hundred than he would
receive for one thousand butdiels not
considering the additional expenditure
for labor, fertilizer, etc.,' necessary to
raise the greater amount. '. Should the
farmer raise twelve, hundred bushels
the subsequent year inatrad ef one
thousand his net' lost would be 41,050.
Pvof a. very, great incentive for intensive-cultivation,
one must admit. - 1
Must Bar Men
"Despite this situation it is impera
tive that we produce and intensely
produce. The time is too critical to ex
periment by sending inexperienced and
untrained assistance to our farm.
Thrift economy demands that we apply
the efficiency available aud easily pro
curable to the ueeds of our country.
--this means the admission of 000,
000 Chinese farmer to' our farm. Iu
this respect I do not refer to the Chi
nese coolie. It js the agriculturist of
Chin who is now teaching agents sent
abroad by our Agriculture Department
for , that specific purpose.' Why not
conserve time,' energy, and expense, in
cidentally profiting materially by the
production that would result from auch
teaching upon our. own farms t"
-"'' . .
Capt. Franci J. Green, aelective draft
officer, was a principal in an automobile
accident )n(e Friday afternoon in front
of the Seaside Hotel ground entrance,
the left aide, of hi car having been
rainmed j that driven by Mr. George
II Brown. .
The collision wa sudden and the im
pact hard and the sound was heard
om distance away and brought bath
er from the beach to the road to tee
the results. ,
k The captain was driving from the
Mosns toward the Seaside, on the far
right hand side of the road, and then
took a Ion turn toward the Seaside
entrance, at the en me timo putting out
his hand to indicate hi change of
route. Mr. Brown, driving townward
had not time to alow up when she aW
the hand and the eollision resulted.
Th Ureen machine was shoved some
distance along th road, and had its
steps aud rear fender smashed iu, the
rear door also being considerably dam
aged.i The Brown car wa uulnjured
Mrs. Green was in the car with the
captain at the timo, but no one was
hur- ' . - -1 at
JAPANESEPAPERS:
iNil. BY
El
him
Editqtialrrianlmpu? ' to tMi-
Ing ; Rcrjret .Ar Action of
Sugar planters' Association '
SHARING OF HIGHER COST .
SEEMS WRONG TO WRITERS
Ignoring of Requests of Local
Japanese newspaper editors in Hono
lulu are unanimous in their disapprov
al 'of the revised bohos system for
plantation laborers as announced by
the Hawaiian Ho gar Msnters', A iso
lation. The four dairy Japanese pub
lication yesterday referred with keen
disappointment to the change, which
they claim is illogical and unjoKt
' While conceding that , the planter
sre confronted with a big Increase in
the eost of production, the Japanese
editor maintain that the plantation
laborer are suffering from the increas
ed eost of living. ' ;'
. Heversl papers express the opinion
that the planters have1 ignored the sug
gestion and 4,good adrice" tendered
by the association on ; higher ' wage
question,, d this, they declare, i un
reasonable. It i asserted by tW Jap
anese editor that when it was decided
to tednce ' the bonus, consideration
shonld have been given to an increase
in the rate, of pay.
Sochi U Orleyad
la commenting editorially on the
new bonu system, the Hawaii Hoehi
says: . 'j, ,. ..... , . .1 .
"Th. announcement of the new
bonus system waa received with a great
disappointment and an extreme, grief.,
The disappointment waa because w
were given a reduction, while we ask
ed, for an Improvement of "the bonus
system. ,. The grief wa -because -we
conld find no betterment whatever Ja
the attitude of the planters toward
laborers. : - 1 ' j ' ', - . 1 ."
- "The new system is so contrived as
to reduce by twenty-one percent the
bonus hitherto i gives to laborers by
raising the bonus commencing price
to $85 from $71. The plsnters say
that , laborers ' should share ' ia the
increase - of the cost of. . produc
tion. The production - cost sharing
policy adopted by the planter i not
necessary and I improper. However,
there is inconsistency in tresting
laborers as co-worker only when (bar
ing in the. eost of production and not
so treated when distributing the profit.
Wfcen the.proflt.il great, tjie, plantar
take the most part of U paying to
laborers only. wtge. r- Buch ''ws'ges
should be looked upon a purely a part
of the cost of production. Conse
quently, to make laborer share in the
cot of production is agaihst th logi
cal inference.' Since the new system
is the produt of this inconsistency it
is a matter of course that it has many
defects. . , '.
Restrictions are Maintained ' .
"That in the new system the aboli
tion of the working day restriction re
quested by tho Associstion' on Higher
Vfage Qucftlon was not made is on
of the great defects of the s'yltom.
When laborers are made to share is the
cost of production they should be also
entitled to receive .impartially-, the
bonu which is paid for their labor.
When shareholders are entitlted to re
ceive the -dividend for" even ' a single
share of stock owned, there ao rea
on why laborer should not participate
in thev bonus when they work less than
twenty dsys (fifteen days ia case of
women), Jf laborers are not entitled
to receive a share, of profit. Tor their
work which is let than twenty diys,
the planters should not impose any
share Of the cost of production on
U'cm. , '
Voices 'Another Criticism
"Another defect of the new system
is that there is no rule to pay the
balance of the bonus to those laborer
who jo out of plantation - during a
bonus period. Do the planter intend
to confiscate thi balance of the bonu
as the punishment for leaving planta
tion during a bonus period! If so, will
the planters pay damage to laborer
wnen tney obstructed the laborers'
convenience by misadjustment of pro
visions) ,W are not satisfied with
the new system and believe that there
is a necessity of improvement. We
will refer to it in more detail later,
buving only shown a general outline
of our dissatisfaction." ...
The Hawaii Cbocho has the follow-,
ipg to say regarding the change;
- '.'Wo flud at least two points of par
ticular interest in. the announcement
of the revised bonua system. .' . .
"1. That the bonus of one and one
half pen-eut commences with sugar
at $85 per ton, and incraaaea on and
one-half percent for every dollar per
ton over $83. . .
"2. That the basis of the bonus
shall be the average price upon which1
sales of Hswaiisn raw sugars are de
termined. - i.
."In regards to the other facts,
namely, the Inlwrers entitled to bonus
aud settlement, prices and participation
etc., we find little of no change.
Means Less For Labor
"According to the. old plan the
boims has been paid on every dollar
above $71,but this, time- it I. was in
creased to $83 and therefore means so
much less for plantation laborers. And
moreover, in the old plan, the basis of
the liouus was reckoned at the New
York price, while under the new sys
tem it is to be calculated on the actual
llawaiiun figure, ', 1 ,
Fictitious Argument , ,
" Inasmuch . a the Hawaiian price
may not be published as was the case
when the New York price was the
winding figure, we fear it may trod to
Custer an uneusv feeling among plan
lation hands, iu addition to thi, la
borers know that the Hawaiiaa brine
must be cheaper' than the New York
price. Hail feeling is, therefore, likely
to be increased.
IIMUS SYST
-LL.
Honolulu i iWhblesaje- Prbid uceMaf Het
1 Quotations
1 1 t
IMTJED BT TECH
KAUETnro
Wholesale Only.
. , SMALL OON8TJMXM CAKWOT tXTf At THEM FBIOEI
Islsnd Butter, lb 61 to .65 Hens, lb......
Kggs, Select, dor. en .70 Tnrkeys. Ib.
;B. No. 1, doxen , US Ducks, Muse, lb
Kggs, Duck, dosen , () DuCk,"Fklif, lb
Young Roosters, lb.
.11.. .45 to-r7 pucks. 'Hawn. doico
VEQSTABLES AND FEOPUCB ,
Beans, string, green,
vxvt
Hesns, ' sring, wax ' . ,
Bean, I.lma in pod ,
Beaaa, Maui Hed
Bean, Calico
Beans, Hmail white ..
Beets, -d os. buneke .
Carrot, dot. bunches
Cabbsg cwt
(Torn, sweet, l(n cars
Porn, sweet, Ig. yel. .
Bice, Jap. seed,
0.1
' .ut
, M to .00
.. 10.50 to 11.00
... 12.00 to 13.00
JO
........ AO
3.25 , to 3.60
2.25 to 2.50
68.00 to 70.00
, 6.75
Bananaa, 1 Cooking, bunch
Bananas, Chinese, bunch .
Fig, 100
Grapes, Isabella, lb
.... ,1.23
.20 to M
. . . . 1JH)
.06 to J07
' .. . . 'Hawaiian Orange, 100 ... J0Q to 1.23
..' r. r- , , LTVESTOCaL ' -
. 7 Cattle and abeep ar not bought at live weight. They ar slaughtered aad
paid for on a dressed weight basis-Hops wn- to 150 pounds .14 to .16. '
Beef, lb. .......
Veal, lb. ........
SteerNol 1, lb.
Steer, No. 2, lb,
Bteer, hair slip .
. . . . .15 to .1(1 Mntton,' lb
..... .15 to ,10 Pork, lb.'
HIDES, WET, SALTED
.18 Kips, lb. j.
........... .1 Goat, white,
'' ,al6 - J'
i . 1 : FEED
The following are quotations oa feed, ,f.. 0. k. Honolulut
Corn, lb. yel, ton
75.00 to 82.80
Corn, cracked, ton
Bran, ton-",,....','.
Barley ton
Bcrstch Food ton .
. 80.00 to 83.00
....;.. -JiS.SO
. 60.00 to 62.00
ti f H9
' "C December 7, 1917.
, There Is b6 smtll yellow corn in th
market I and . .very little j' large Island
corn. Anyone having corn for ssle
should 'ship It to the market as soon
S possible, , ' .' .
, he hipoieat of Mu besns ar In
creasing and selling fsster than they
have been for sonic time past. Maui
red . beaaa , are . selling front $8.50 to
$0.00 while Calieo bean are selling
from $10.50 to $U.00 a hundred. ..The
reason for the .Calico .beans selling . so
high is that there are yery few ia the
market,, as most of , the Maul farmers
ar raising red bean thi year..
Duriaz :the week a, shipment of
Msu4' beans was sent to the Coast by 1
one 01 the local firms. w hope that
all the' island people, will us Islsnd
beans, so that it will not be necessary
for anyone else to make shipments to
the Coast, . 'u .
.".A-.' shipment . of , very 'good msll
white beans was received from Maul
and old for $12.50 a. hundred. I Ship
ments of, small whit beep that . are
well graded find a ready market 'but
, "We ara disappointed In, the Ha-T
wanan Sugar ,ptantra: Association
for the lava of consideration given to
the requests of ike aaaociaUoa . of
higher' wages question, who adrocat-1
ed. the, abolition of.' the limit, being
placed on, the working day of the men
and' women, on plantations under which
the .bonus shall ,fye paid.
Kegrets 'Are Expressed .
. "Above ail, 'the,,, new plan is, ,no
doubt, aa ideal betterment ef the labor
system for the pjaatationi, . but we
are afraid that it may not be ao to. the
laborer. . ....
"We are sorry that while the rate
of the bonus has .boon reduced on the
one hand,, the wage have not )ee
raised on the, .other. What . atlitjuule
plantation laborer will take in connee
tiqn with the aewr bona system will
be Interesting to' Watch." .
Finds pmaada ignored
Reference to the bonus resdjustment
in the Nippn Jiji ia, in part, as fol
lows -. . ., , , , -, , . . .,
"It was. with a feeling of keen dia
appointment that we received the new
of a change in the bonus system as
made - by the Hawaiian Planters ' 'As
sociation. ;. , ,; ; . ' '.,'
"We find tht the planters '. iave
decreased the rat of bonus twenty
percent, and furthermore they hart ig
nored the . very moderate demand
made by- the ,, association of . higher
wages.. Of course, the bouu 'ayntem
was changed for the reason that' plant
ers are roufronted with a big increase
in the cost , of production, but -the
planters ' instead of. paying atteutiou
to the true situation among the 'la
borers, followed out their own claims
disregarding entirely' those of others.
"This we feel is pnfair, and we re
gret that tho planters saw fit' to take
such steps.'',, ;. ',''-. ' .;.'
"'The plantation ' managers are "hot
alone in suffering from the high rest
of articles, f he laborers are In a like
predicament, and when the bonus was
cut down action should have been tak
en to increase the "wages of all labor
er. . : . .-. ' '.
Wisdom Is Jutlond s -, : "
"We Iwlieve the planters have not
adopted a wise policy as they , will
probably realize later on. In the mean
time w can ouly wait further develop
ments. "Just what attitude pis nt sties la
borers will adopt towards the new
bonus system, we do not know. It is
a patriotic duty to -be , patieut... while
the war is ou, and we extend our re
grets to the workers because of this."
After reviewing. the whole situation,
the Hawaii i Bhinpo, refer to the
change aa wholly impracticable. , :It i
pointed out that tb plantation labor
er are feeling th pinch of war prices,
and th cutting down of the bonus
will mean additional hardships, '
The tthlupo deplores the stand taken
by tb planters , aud expresses the
hope that some ; further aetiou will
shortly be taken with the idea it let
tering labor conditions. ,;
- , r-yi-;
THE BEST OOUQH , MEDICINE
t'hombei Iain's Cough Remedy ia the
htrgest selling cough medicine in the
world today because it . does . exactly
what a cough modicine is supponod to
do. It stops coughs and colds speedilr
and -effectually. . For sale bv all deal
eis, Ken sou, Hniith k Co., Ltd., Agts.
for Hawaii. Advertibcinent.
TEUUTDSXAL
jrvmoir
; December 7, 1917
.37
.40
.28
.28
to .40
to .43
to .30
to .30
6.75
ffa, ,ltawn, seed
6.K5
to ,0
to .0
"e nuts, Ig. lb.
,07
.00
Gr.een Peppers,' bell .
Green Feppers, chili ,
rptaioes, J. Irish ....
Potatoes; 'et, ewt .
Potatoe. sweet red . . .
CM
a a a a . 0C
3.00 to 3.50
. .90 to IM
1.00 to 1.10
f'-r'l'L'15
1.73
.06 to .08
. .00 to ,80
.02 to .02
T$rx, pupeh
: Taro, ewt.'
"Tomatoes '.
Cucumbers, dor.cn . . . .
Pumpkins, lb
J-KU1T , .
I.itnes, 100 .75 to 1.06
Mlnespplea, ewt 1.80
Papains, lb 08
strawberries, small backets ..... . 15
.18 to
.17 to
.10
.23
,18
JO
.20 to
Data, tan
. 65.00
to 0.00
, ,5
. 42.50
to 40.00
Wheat,, too
MiddlinirHtoa ....
Hay, wheat ton . .
Alalfa, .ton, .
88.00
39.0.0
WfEEKLT MARKET .LtTTER ; . v ! 1 '
m oft of the tmall whit beans received
from' Maul, are not' graded, and very
dirty, farmer wishing, to, get good
return , en .their produce, .should see
.that thair produe i properly graded,
cleaned-and packed, before. shipping to
the msrket. ... This will help them aa
well a tbe market , and iv to Island
produce a good nsme. , .,, i'
.. Bweet ,potatoe.are. not plenitful. as
tley have beep for the past few peaks
but we stUI have a good supply of
them Cjoming i,"w 'r . .,.. . '
J.imes are carse and the demand
good. ..nyon. having limts should
ship them immediately. ; . - ' ;.
A small shipment of ;slnd 'Irish
potatoes .was received during the week.
Next , week, we expect to receive a
large shipment of Irish potatoe from
Kauai. : ' "''i .
By closing 'the retail departments
we, have more time to give to the
wholesaling of island produce and any
one laving any quantity of island pro
duce for sale, should get In touoh with
the division. .--'- n
-' 'i' -.'ti'f
I4OHTTOOT,
adent.
Evidence- tending to show 'that
Charles Cranxew, captain of the
schooner , Churchill ' which wa ' des
troyed on French Frigate, aboals two
months ago, had on a previous ocea
sion attempted to wreck his hipj was
plsced in tho hands of local feleral offi
cials yesterday,. afternoon, jMeordiag fo
a statement made by-Marshal J. J.
8mi?dy; a " rvi V "t " '.
The federal , grand, jury svijl, investi
gate the rircamstancea connected with,
the loss of the Churchill at ten $ 'dock
Monday 'morning,', at which time iTait
ed States Attorney 8. O. Hubsr will
present the evidence . secured yesten-i
day,, in addition. r. to , -the . affada vits
sworn to by members of -the crew some
little time back, t .. ' f.r
Captain Cannow is bipg held' by
federsl vwlcisls at Baa Francisco pend
ing the result of the , locai faderal
grand jury 's deliberations. . ' (
When the Churchill . went ashore on
Kreach Frigate shoals' she 'waa loaded
with a valuable cargo". ' f ' 'copra con
signed to th British Consul at Beat
tie. Subsequently the ship was burned,
aud Oranxow, his two sons, the mate,
and seyeral sailors reached Honolulu in
a santan.
It waa not until Captain 'Crsniow
had left the Coast that local official!
were aware that the circumstances
surrounding the destruction of the
Churchill were of a suspicious nsture.
They immediately made inveatlgations
sod. the result has been the gathering
together of evidence which is believed
to be sufficient to warrant an indict-.
ment being returned against the rap-
tatn.
t
.( ,1
El
An unauthenticated report was go
ing the rounds in shilling circles yes
terday to the effect that negotiations
for the purchase or tae Inter Island
vessel Noesu snd Kesuhou have prac
tically been closed by Manila business
interests, and that all that remained
to be done to complete the tranactioa
nas the sighing of the transfer, puper4.
It is said that the two Inter-Island
ships are to be taken over by the Luzon
Stevedore Company, a firm engaged in
teakwood transportation in the Philip,
pines. They have been. owned by the
Inter Island for twenty years and the
consideration.' involved ' ia said to be
fifty thousand dollars, about what the
ships would have cost for construction
before the war.
Captain Himmie, 'aa old navigator,
his been representing the Manila inr
t crests.' These vessel bav bee use!
in the island trade mostly as tramp
freighter.
AcjSJigJJaperintt
FitoiAlltf.lPIJfl..'
1 v i, ( 1 1 a 4 .... 1. sr-it;
CHARGED TO CAPTAIN
SHIPS II
PORltOSOLB
LES
SufaT' Plantcri dyfsed tha'rOe '-;
To San "Francisco To Be ; ,
More Thin Doubled . ; ', ;
OTHER COriffiTltsM
BE INCREASED IN RATIO '
Rise cels Forecast That Sbip
pjnrj iostvWpuld Mount sr
Fully Hundred Percent i.;..' "
Up go freight rate. , Thoie wholnsd . .
hoped to see ocean transportation eost
reduced by government ) control under
(be fhipping board find , those hope ,
dashed to the earth aad shstfered.'. Jt '' '
Is a revlson upward and not downward
that .has qme, j It' Is what haa been ki
peeled, however, , by ..those who hnv
studied the situstion and forecasts of
th actios have been heard for several
weeks psst. -v, .. , .
Hawaiian sugar freight rates to the
paei fie' Coast are. more, than . doubled,
hud to Atlaatle ports, by wsy of the. i
eaaal thy are Increased more tbaa
orxty-thrre pereeat ; .. . :',,-if ;.- -; , . .
Planters First Advised , '
, Cable advicee received by the Hawa- '"
itaa .Sugar Planters' Association yes- -terdsy
from the representative of th
company at Washington said! "' v-.. -"Shipping
bosrd fixe rate for next
esses to Haa Francisco at 47 and to ...
testers seaboard point at $15. ''
The old rate to Baa Francisco was $$'
a. ton. so -the new rate makes an in
crease, of 133 percent. . The present rata
to Atlantis poata by way of the eanal ,
is $8.50, so .the new rate of $15 is an
increase of sixty three persent.' '
ptbex Kates Unknown ( . ,'.'.-
No advice have as yet been eelvr-d
as to freight rate on other comatod- .
Uie than sugar, aad there is no reason '
to aurmlss that, it will be same in dol
lars. and cents as oa sugar. Those rate
haqe ranged. p to $ a ton, and they
may b increased on a pereeatage basis ',
sad not by a specific Increase of $4, aa
in the , ease of sugar, destined for Bsn
Franelsoo, If tie same percentage were
Ued it would make goods that now rs v
H hereafter, pay $8.5.1. Sugar is a om-
"ipoiiy rnuati, wanted by the govern
tant aqd it -may have been given
preferential rate : . ! . i I . ',..,.
Mot usr y Eatt ' " V ' v, : ' ' ' ;
...While, $15 freight rate is Vpeciried
for sliinsnents tiv oil.. . n fT. A 1 .1 . .'
seaboard it is expected that .little Ha-" '
waiian sugar will teach if destination ' .
through. the canal, for after February
Hie greater part will proceed from Han'
ranjclsoo.'to: New York, by rati. Vor-' ;
this rate Will le. it is exnected. $20.80.
rnad tip of $7 ocean freight, $! pre- .
i-m iiiinna (reigni, sua proDBoiy nn
lidded $1.80, 'for it is expected the de- :
msnd of the .railroad for leave to
raise rate fifteen percent Will be
jranted.-, ;''( "-.;' . ; -.v.
. In addition to.'these rates it must be .
eofiridered that there I a three pereeat '
ia on an bills or ladings. This will ,1
make the freight and tax to Han Fran
elsco $7.21, to New York bw water
$15.45, aad io New' York by ocean and
rail. $21.42. V " ' ' ' - - ' '
Oovemment ZMes Money J ' '
It has been current talk among shfp- . ,
Per in Honolulu for weeks past that
there wbnld probably be raise in the" '
aertion it, wa is id, and authority for
the statement was quoted, that the gov- '
ernment was losing money on every trip -
Of the Mataon liners iimHai. aI.I
freight rates, as the rmyment whicn it :
was making to the Mat son Company
for' the services of the vessels com- ; .....
manaoerea was greatly )q excess or the .
amount which it wa possible to see or
un.l. L... L - i . ... M ,1 .
ififm-u rarrs wiin zuii pmrgoe.
Th "-expectation, following th figure
that Were quoted, waa that the Increase
on sugar freights Would be at least 08
hundred percent. .' , ,. ' ;. i'..
i Had hot the shipping board raised ;
the rstes to Atlantic seaboard points it
had been expected that .'the American- .
Hawaiian line would insist on an in-'
creese for a new contract, ' This had
been expected even before the United
State became Siivalved' in the war..
OS II t
Relpresentative Bucharian Does
. Not Like Port Procedure ;
L( Failure to comply with the request
that no open Ms trunks for the lisuai
Inspection by Inspectors at. Han Frn- '
cisco, en arrival there from Honolulu
last weekr brought Congressman Jamc
Buchanan into disfavor with the Coast '
authorities, but in the end he not only '
produced bis keys but opened tho lock,''
aswelbJ.' i ...'-.; .' ' ', . v..';;-'
The eongressrasa was asked to do ,
what ?tbr passengers were doing. He
refused oa the ground that it was' uu- '
oecessury,. H wa informed that it
wa one of the rigid requirement of
the port, no matter who the trunk own
er might be. H still refused. The in- '
ipeetor auid the trunk-. would remain
there until it was opened and its con-" '
tents Inspected, stating that it was the ,
atediterrauean fly menace ahich cause
hi request. A. superior officer of the
inspector's department was appalcd to '
aud he' backed upon the subordinate.'
' Finally, the congressmen threw his
keys on the trunk and told them to
Open the trunk.' The inspector said it
ss not his duty to do this and sni.l
he would vynit until the M. C, got busy.
The Ikttsr flually opened the UumV, the '
i ssi.ee tloa was oiado, the trunk bieked. '
sad the runuressinan . anLM-i!v wulked
r- J -MsBaasasMSawisaw-ep-
CONGRESSMAN HAS TO
..i '.-., It. . vt. i,,,'
(out of the whurf hcd. . ,
'
-.i;.-f

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