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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, December 14, 1917, Image 6

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1917-12-14/ed-1/seq-6/

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BP"3 m !!oly Sppts gf
mm I II Jerusalem to
WKHnEnPTSBePi-oteptcd
wown.mnce sends Thousands
, To Slaughter Before Hail of
;.. Bullet , from Britons Whose
DEAD' AND WOUNDED LEFT
r LYING ON BLOODY FIELD
Italians Are Aided By Snow and
cold in Their Defense of flloun
' tain Passes and Austro-Ger
nix ii iivv v w i.nnriniiB n rna
VIEW YORK. T)ecemher t.U
(Associated Tress) Ad-
, vancing in wave after wave of
massed . infantry ' the Germans
yesterday attempted by sheer
: force of numbers to overwhelm
British troops holding the elbow
. e'l SMtl IUIV II v i v It I.U1 119
towards the north between Bulle-
struck at i point some ten miles
west of Cambrai. The effort prov
ed to" be a ghastly failure, the
; Germans being unable to face the
sleet pt bullets poured into them
and in no instance reaching closer
to me unusn irencnes tuan hve
hundred yards.
The attack .was made by Bava
nan regiments, ; regarded as the
best on the' western, front, and
was preceded by a concentrated
artillery bombardment of the Bri
. iiu pusuiuiia. n was launcnea
at dawn' and maintained through
out the greater part of the morn
ing, the Bavarians reforming af
v mil icpuisc uu iciuiiuiig 10
' the attack. . '
General Haig officially reports
that the attempt of Crown Prince
nupprecm was a complete failure
. the Germans: being-compelled to
retire irom the held and leave
' w.av TVWUIAUW UtIIIIIU,
ine jinusn opposition was
. staunch and the fire of the rifle
men and machine gunners was
maintained so steadily that noth
me couia iace it. . J ne men in the
1 . t a ' .
front line trenrnM w,rf materia!.
ly helped in checking the assault
, J M v V1III3II ttl LH'
lerymen, thousands of shells
x, bursting over and in the Bava
ria ranks, carrying death to very
many.
OFFENSE CONTINUES
Notwithstanding this repulse
and the failures of the past 9ev
erali days, the Germans are con
tinuing on the offensive along
practically the whole of the west
ern front, carrying on an intense
bombardment of the British and
French lines.
T M e
uany reiniorcements ot men
and guns are pouring into the
German positions, drawn mainly
irom Russia, and thrir frsh
troops-are being usetl to keep up
a constant pressure upon the men
of theptente. The -plan of the
German general staff to retain
' At- - rr . . - ... . .
ine uudisivc u pusbiuie aiong me
- western line, in the hope of secur
ing some decided advantage, is
' evident.
, Another bloody failure for
Teutonic arms is reported in the
despatches1 from Rome, which
record the, repulse of the Aus
trians to break through on the
Lower. Fiave front, where they
itqu uccn diiacKiug since i uesaay
mornirig. t
It is now snowing heavily
along t,he .Northern Iuly line and
this.as hrought the fighting
most to an end along the greater
porrlorr-of this front. nh the
comipg; of the snow ana the
blocking of -the passes through
which th,e Austrian and German
lines of communication puss, the
difficulties nf th Ain.trn-r.cr-
narw will increase. If the Ital
kns,,tan' hold, the situation of the
Waders may become desperate
Wore manvwrieks have' nassed
ore many wccks pae Jiasseq.
General Alleoby Eaters City
arid Is Reeved With Warm
Welcome by Entire Popu
lace; Issues Orders For
preservation
LONDON, December IS (Asso
ciated Press) General Allenby,
la command of the British forces
la Palestine, yesterday formally .
entered Jerusalem and took orer
the mlUtaiy possession of tb city.
He was warmly greeted by the
eltisens, who lined the route of
. the British column and cheered
the British eommander.
General Allenby issued a proc
lamaUon lft which bo stated that
ine various holy structures would
be given adequate protection and
would be maintained properly. ,
Tke main British army baa pass
ed on to the northeast and Is con
. tinning a series of successful oper
ations. Several additional Import
nt positions Jure been occupied.
WEEK'S SHIP LOSS
Britons Lose Twenty-one and
Italians Five
LONDON. Decemher 1.1
Press) Submarine losses during last
wee, as announced by the admiralty,
show a total of twenty one. vessels,
about the average of the past three
months. ; Of the ships sunk, fourteen
were over sixteen hundred tons and
seven below that tonnage.
Rome reports for the week the loss
of five Italian ships, one above fifteen
hundred tons, one steamer of smaller
tonnage and three small sailing rrafta.
ALLMESOF"
ExceerJ Those of Germans By Six
to one In Month
BEBLIN, December 13 (Associate,.
Press) Entente aircraft losses during
the .month of November were nearly
four timea those of the German. -
eording to a statement iasued yester
day by the general staff. The figures
or loasea announced are: . ,
By the Entente twenty-two balloon--
and two hundred and five airplanes.
By the Germans six balloons nnt
sixty airplanes.
EXPORTS TO NEUTRALS
Northern Europe Gets Less Than
a Quarter As Much As Before
WASHINGTON. December 13 (As
sociated Press) Aa a direct result of
the embargo upon goods for export to
the neutral nationa of Northern En
rope without assurance that snch'goodx
should cot be permitted to reach tin
enemy, exports in the month of Octo
ber fell off nearly 123.000.000 from the-
same month last year.
In October 1910 goods to the value
of $:il,3K..721 were sent to Norwav
oweuen, iM-nmaric and Holland. .Last
October the exports esme to $7,772,836.
It Is believed that in this way mill
ions of dollars of foodstuffs and sup
plies which Germany urgently needs
nave been kept from reaching it.
. ,. , , .
WASHINGTON. Ddeember ''lali'f As
sociated' I'ress) The senate subcom
mittee which will investigate the suear
and coal shortage situation was named
today. It consists of Kenators Varda
man of Mississinni. Reed of Mi
Jones of New Mexico, Lodge of Msasa-
ouserts ana rvenyon of Iowa. I The
committee will first investigate the
eoal situation.
i
SECOND ROUND GETS FLYNN
COLVSrBVH. New Mexico. December
11 Associated Press) Fulton knock
ed out Flynu in the second ot what was
to have been a twelve-round go last
night.
A QEKM DE8TBOTEE
There in no danger whatever from
lo k jaw or blood oinoti resulting
from a wouikI when Chamberlain's
fain Halm is promptly applied. It is
an anutwptic ami destroys the germs
which cause thews diseases. It also
causes nouuds to heal without mature
tion and in ont third the time required
by the usual treatment. For sale by
t" 'imi!'ra- ,"!. Hrmth ft Co Lt.
4ut,. tw llnwaii. AdverUsenujjjt.
an aunicrs. UuiiHou, Htnith L Co- Ltd.
AIR Cp LARGE
! .. :.
EMBARGO CUTS DOWN
SENATORS TO PROBE
HMVAtMN GAZETTE. FRIDAY,- DECEMBER
I : ... LI 1 i Mr
Vast War Program
Goes Forward
Great Soeed
peports Rendered To Military
Committee of- Senate'' Show
That Proflresi Is More Rapid
Than Had Been Hoped For
WASHINGTON, December 1Z-(A-suriated
Pfess) Outlines of the tre
mcmlous war problems on which the na
tion Is already far advanced was given
today daring the eoarse of the senate
military affairs committee's investiga
tions of war department activities.'
denerat William ' Crozler, ehief of
the ! ordnance kuran,' xold the commit
tee that his bureau is rnmrcMing into
one yea'r the program nhirh normally
would cover Ave years. He said thnt
manufacturers of ordnance are unwill
ing to anticipate conj;re!n in Involv
ing themselves in grout maunfauetur
ing contracts for which funds are not
yet available, but said that by summer
everything needful will have been pro
vided the American armies. He also
declared that the army abroad la not
short of armament, and that the situa
tion in the United States is improving.
Fill Demands at Once
Another phase of the activity In
carrying out the great war program
came today when the navy department
issued orders to its bureaus that the;
requisitions and requests of Admiral
Hints for supplies for the American
fleet abroad should be filled on the
day they are received, unless there are
insurmountable obstacles to this.
The war ' department has issued a
similar order concerning the requests
of General Pershing. j
Senator Chamberinin, ehairmnn of
the committee emphasised that the in
vestigation is for constructive pur
poses. Railroad Situation
The railroads of the country are de
claring their stanch support to the Na
tion to solve the traffic problems. The
war board of the railroads has pledged
its cooperation with President Wilson
either for government or for a con
tinuance of private control. The war
board recommends that there be ap
pointed a federal director-general to
coordinate the rail traffic of the en
tire country, to handle the priority
shipments and to avoid conflicting or-
"v, cungegiion or tranie.
Representatives of the railroad
brotherhoods will confer with the prea
ident tomorrow. It is understood that
they will oppoae the plan of govern
ment control.
' . "
TS
SHELL AT AUSTRIANS
ITALIAN HEADQUARTERS, North
ern Front, December 12 (Associated
Press) To Congressman George H.
Tinkhara of Boston belongs the credit
for firing the first American shot
against Austria.
Representative Tinkham, who is visit
ing on the Italian front, officiated at
the firing of a 149 millimeter gun on
inn Miwr x-iave une today. The Ital
ians who were conducting the party.
ami wno had invited him to fire the
gun, rneered as Tinkham sent the mis
sile in the direction of an Austrian
' .
SELF-DEFENSE IS
PLEADED BY LEVIS
Alleges Used Knife Only After He
in . . . .
was Attacked Woman
Involved fn Affair
Following a preliminary hearing be
tore Judge Irwin in the police eourt
yesterday, Pvt. E. Lewis, D Company,
ir nnn inrantry, who Is chafted
with assaulting Harry Wilson and
Thomas Kah"be on the night of Decem
ber 8 last, was committed to the circuit
eourt cor trial. Bail was fixed at $1000,
Lewis made a statement on oath yes
terday claiming that he had used a
Knire merely in self-defense. He said
he had been attacked bv the two Ha.
wsiian boys, one of whom, he alleges,
urnu two snots at mm rrom a revolver.
Kahoe admitted be had fired at
J.ewls, but claimed that he had first
been attacked and was forced to use
bis revolver in self-defense. Wilson
bore out, in part, the testimony of Ka
hoe, himself, stating that h had run to
the help of Kahoe after Lewis' alleged
Woman In Ciae
Tho knifing was precipitated, se
eording to the evidence adduced, by
reason or ine ract that Kahoe 'a wife
was living with Lewis. The defendant
claimed that Mrs. Kahoe eame to him
becauHe her husband had ill treated her.
Lewis testified that he had bought her
not lies and given her everything else
the needed.
Wilson and Kahoe, who were severe
ly injured in the cutting, are making
rapid strides to recovery. I-ewis'
wounds, which consisted of slight cuts
on one hand, have completely healed.
'
WOULD-BE VOLUNTEERS
MUST WAIT FOR DRAFT
WASHINGTON, December J (Aa
filiated ?ress) It was announced at
the war department today that men
registered for the .draft will not be al
lowed to enlist in the army, thus es
caping the draft, unless it is improb
able, they wilL bo drawn. Enlistments
yHterday totaled 9400. , . - ,
Willi
CONGRESSMAN DIREC
iiimr nrini iiTin
l.tWKtVULUlU
RUSSIA 'IS GUI WIG
Cossacks Who Support the Kale
" din-Korniloff Counter Move-
; ment Are Successful
itnii .
AT LEAST TWO BATTLES
WON FROM THE RADICALS
Petrograd Government Continues
. Its Anarchistic Policies By
Dismissing judges ;
LONDON, December 13 (Associat
ed Tress) ynder the leadership : of
Kaledin and Korniloff the counter revo
lution in Russia is gaining strength and
achieving military successes' against
the forces that are controlled by the
Bolshe-Viki-Maximalist government at
Hctrograd. - The Cossack forces of the
counter revolutionists have met and de
feated the BolAhe-Viki forces in at least
two en irn Kampala. One of these occur
red at Tamanovka and the other at Mo-
hilev.
The counter revolutionists have Inree
stores of gold which were romovod from
Petrograd, some in the early days of
tne revolution and some when it be
came evident that the ultra-radical ele
ment would secure control in I'etrograd
ami Moscow. They also hold, a sec
tion of the country where supplies are
more readily obtainable and the Cos
sacks are better fed and equipped than
are the supporters of the older revo
lution.' Korniloff is popular with them
and i drawing other soldiers to his
standard.
Forces Disintegrate
Reports- say thnt a large number of
Russian troops, have demobilised and
the army, "away from the Korniloff
Kuledin lufluotiee is falling apart.
Petrograd . -. despatches - yesterday
showed radicalism pushed to further
lim'ts. Th"se despatches reported Pre
mier Trotxky, heading the Bolshevik!
Socialist cabinet now nominally in con
trol of the Russian government, has is
sued a proclamation decreeing the dis
missal of aii Russian ambassadors and
their .staffs abroad, because they have
refused to renounce the Kercnsky gov
ernment. ' The Bolshevik! have dispersed the
highent courts and under their orders
judges who object to the summary
treatment arc arrested.
' The peasants are taking charge of
the government by districts. Boldiers,
peasants and workmen in each district
are- to name a president and six jurors,
the latter of whom serve only one week.
Attorneys Ignore Orders
A number of advocates or attorneys
have . just; concluded a convention
which decided , to Ignore the clan for
justice set up by the Bolsheviki,,
Thirteen commissioners, to represent
the Bolshevik! on all frontsj have start
ed for the Brest-Litovsk line to renew
the armistice negotiations.
They held a preliminary meeAig to
discuss the situation and it was tenta
tivelv agreed that Rusaia will fight to
a finish unless terms of peace which
are considered .jionorable are accepted
by the Teutons,
' - '
No Goods For Export Accepted
unless Consigned To Uni
ted States Government
NEW YORK, December 13 (Associ
Med l'ress) Eastern railroads have de
elared a eastiron embargo upon all
freights for export except those under
government consignment upon all lines
rescuing North Atlantic ports.
The freight congestion is heavy ani
available motive power is proving in
sufficient to move the cars erowdc 1
into interior shipping points. To hel-
relieve this congestion, an order was in-
sued from Washington yesterdsv to
certnin western lines to send one hun
dred locomotives east for the use of
the eastern railroads.
. ...
CES
MAY BE BANNED
There is every poasibility that before
public dance' can ha hf.l in
districts in future a nermit will hiu
to be secured from the sheriff's denrt.
ment. . ' ,;. : ' v ... .
Sheriff Eose notified the board nf
supervisors last night that because of
mo increase in affray that have taken
place in various dance halls in the
country districts, he bad Issued general
orders to the deputy sheriffs to close
whatever dance halls were being run
within their jurisdiction. -
"These dunce . hallH," wrote the
sheriff, "have been the source of con
siderable troublg taking place, not only
in shooting and cutting affrays, but tho
women of tho underworld have bcon
using them as a means to dIv their
He requested that the board of su
pervisors refrain from issuing licenses
for dance halls of this nature until ap
plications are referred to him for ap
proval. The communication from Rose
was referred to the dance halls com
mittee of the board.
BONAR LAW TELLS HOW
MUCH WAR, COSTS DAILY
LONDON. Deeemhev 12 A
Press) In introducing tods a vote
for new credits la. the house of coin
mons, Itonnr Law said that the aver
age duiIy expenditure by t'ue Uritisli
gowruuiHiit is na,7m,ooo.
HEADVAY RAPDLY
EASTERN RAILROADS
EMBARGO FREIGHTS
-14, . 19l7.--?KMI-Wr.r,KLY.
CUBA PREPARES TO
UPON AUSTRIANS
President Sends Messaue To
Congress and Lower-, House
Passes Resolution Which Is
Sen Tq Senate For Action
- HAVANA, Cuba, Docember 13
(Associated Press) A special mes
sage by President Menocal calling
for declaration of war upon Aus
tria, thus following the lead of the
United States, was read in the Cu
ban house of representatives yester
dsy, being Immediately followed by
the Introduction of a resolution de
claring the existence of a state of
war. Thia resolution passed a
unanimous vote in the house and has
been forwarded to the senate for
action today.
s-
-
Witnesses For Prosecution Give
Important Testimony In In- "
dia Conspiracy Case
BAN FRANCISCO, December 13
(Associated . Press) How Germany
helped to finance the abortive India re
volt was told on the witness stand here
this tfternoon by William Wilms, a
lumberman and a witness for thp pros
ecution. He testified that Baron Kurt
von Rclswitz, acting consul-general at
Chicago, hod borrowed MO.OOO and
sent It to Manila, ostensibly to buy an
tiques there. The prosecution charges
that Hindu plotters got it.
A. memorandum bv Wolf vnn Tffftl.
German agent,, was introduce 1, showing
that 3000 had been paid to Dhirneda
Nath Bnrkar, one of the Hindu defend
ants.
Heveral revelations as to the eonnne.
tion between the India eonsnirncv and
the activities of the German covern-
ment have coma out on the witness
stand involving Former Foreign Min
ister Zimitiormnnn of Berlin.
John Gregurevich, agent for the de
partment of justice, in testimony for
the government yesterday identi f ed a
message from Zimmormann to Wolf von
lgel, Uerman agent later arrested in
the .United States, advising future
Hindu affairs be handled by a commit
tee of Hindus. This committee, accord
ing to Zimmermsnn's advice, was to in
clude Chandra Kanta Chaklavrrty, or
musroorny , ana Dinrenfla. NatM Par
kar, bolh of whom are defendants in
the present trial, and Ha ram ha Lai
Gupta, who figured in the Chicago
cp.se.s.
The conspirators ore allegod to have
held a meeting in Ran Francisco on
August J, 1014, when it was plannol
that some should go to India. I .a I
Oupta is alleged to have gone to Japan
in 1H15 and later to have been exnelled
ny ine jnpaneso. timer testimony nlonji
the saml line is being introduced.
LittW
Police Ssy, -
By Speed Fiend
Five-Year-Old Leimomi Kekaha
Crushed To Death By Rushing
Juggernaut That Is Reported
To Have Been Breaking City
grainance
Leimomi Keknho, a five-year-old Iln
waiian girl, died at the emergency hos
pital yesterday morning from injuries
received by being struck by an auto
mobile vn King Street, near Desha
Lane, shortly bpfore ten o'clock. Char
les Hubert, owner of an automobile
stand on lwilei Road, who was driving
the machine which struck the girl, has
own arresteu and charged with man
slaughter. At the time of tho accident, Hubert
wss coming towards the citv and.
eording to eye witnesses, was travel
ing at a high rote of speed; probably
mi nines Hn nour.
Xot noticing tho nnuronchini, ent.
me gin is hoiu to have run into tho
street, and before sho could avoid the
niHcliine.uus knocked down. Marks on
the street indieato that Hubert's car
skidded a distance of nearly thirty
eight feet after' the L'rakei. tail been
applied.
An investiKOtion into the accident
wns conducted by Inspector Bob Lillis
and Motoreyelo Officer Verrern yester
day morning. Hubert's car, he says,
wns driven down King Ktroet at twea-ty-Ove
miles an hour, and when Lillis
applied thnf emergency and foot brakes
the machine skidded thirty-severt feet,
eight inches before stopping. Hy com
puting these figures Lillis cluims that
Hubert must have been traveling at
over thirty miles an hour when the ac
cident occurred.
NO PLACE FOR SLACKERS
MELBOURNE, December 12 (Asso
ciated i;ress) Tbo government has
prohibited the employment In civil oc
cupations of subjects of allied coun
tries who are of military oge.
IDAHO IS SHAKEN
IDAHO FALLS, Idaho, December
12 (Assoc in ted l'ress) Distinct earth
uaks tremors were felt here today
but no duuiuge was doue.
ofpWswn
Burn Effigy
of LaPolipttp
In Wisconsin
- V
Students of Uniyersjty
Where He Was Edocatetj
" and Where lie Has Been
Hero Stow PlsapprQvajoj
Course In Senate-
MADISON, Wlsconalii, Decem
ber IS (Associated Press) Sta
dents of his old ala mater showed'
their disgust at the -course of Rob
ert M. LaFolIette In the United
Butes sonate by , burning him in
effigy on the college campus here
but night.
LaJToitette wu A member of the
class, cf 1879 in the University of
Wisconsin and until recently baa
been held In admiration and ee '
teem by lta student body which,
year after year, aa be grew pollt
. ically groat and. from a state to
a national figure, baa regarded him
as It hero... , ,
Hundreds of students partici
pated in the expression of disap
proval last night. Aa darkness
fell they proceeded to the campus
and fell into line, making a long
procession. In the center was a
straw stuffed figure, drawn by a
rope and labeled with LaFolIette 'a
name. Sound and round the cam
pus the students marched, groan
ing and booting while others
kindled a great bonfire at the cen
ter. To this they dragged the
effigy and with a great about they
burled It Into the center of the
blase. ' ,
Giving cheers for the University,
for President Wilson and for the
Bute of Wisconsin they then dis
persed. ' . ' '
Total of Those Killed and Missing
Placed At Twelve Hun
dred and Twenty-six
HALIFAX, December' 13 (Associa
ted Press) Including those who are
SMsHsg the-lint of those-killed, and
lost in the disaster; of last week Was
" omcmlt-r
ln- .ULl v l .. . . .
: miiin iii une injured are still In a
precarious condition so that these fig
ures may later be somewhat in
creased. Advices were received here from
London yesterday that parliament has
appropriated a million pounds for the
relief of tho city and the suffering res
idents who have survived and have
made it available to the relief commit
tee, at once, the cabled message said.
Other relief funds are reported and
funds mnde available from various
points in the United States and through
the dominion.
It is estimated that between 230 and
500 persons were blinded by the ex
plosion and morp than 200 children are
known to have' been left ornhuns.
Huffering is somewhat relieved by an
unnnnn ui me storm and a rise in
temperature.
The relief steamer Austin Calvin ar
rived in harbor yesterday.
PASSED BV SENATE
VtfASHINGTON, December 13 (As-
sociaieu l'ress) legalizing curtain
ciiniuiiiauons or exporters wmen were
preventod under the Sherman Anti
trust haw, the War Export Bill pass
ed the senate yesterday. It is design
ed to promote foreign commerce.
I'resident Wilson in bis recent mes
sage urgod the enactment of this bill
into a law. It had already passed the
house at the lust extraordinary session
of congress but had failed to reach a
yote in the senate before adjournment.
The bill passed yesterday differs iq
several respects from the original
bouse bill and it will therefore have
to go to a, conference.
f-; ,.' '' , - ,., - ' ' ' '
IN SEVERAL STATES
WASHINGTON. DecemWr 12 (Am.
sociated l'ress) Montana is swept by
an extremely cold wave coupled . with
ij unusuully severe blisstard. The ther
mometer at llolena j 33 degroea below
xere and the blirard continues uu
abnted. The states of Virginia, Georgia, Ten
nessee and both Carolines are exne-
rioncing an unusually heavy fall of
w IK IMPROVED QUININE
DOES NOT AFFECT THE HEAD
Because ot iu tonlo and laxative elect,
LAX ATI V BROMO OUININR wiUbaloood
better Uub ordloary Ouialn. Doesaot cause
Dervousoess. or finals- (a ths head. Mm
member, there Is only one "Bronx Quljlae."
Toe siaaate oi R. V.'. Cio-i i m c: V-
DEAlB
' r
WAR EXPORr BILL IS
SNOW HEAPS UP HIGH
IHV.IO TAKE
:m vessels
lilll'l OPERATED
Plan To Officer All Merchantmen
' From the Naval Reserve Aban
doned 1 As ' Presenting J Too
a n a
wany rracucai uostacies
mil V tunsr rusispK
IN ACTUAL WAR WORK
Troop v Transports, Munition
Ships, Hospital Ships and Sup
piy vessels win m unce Go
, Over To Navy Department
WASHINGTON, December
13 (iv r elated Press) 1
all merchantmen engaged in the
Trans-Atlantic trade 1 under the
command of members of the
naval reserve and to largely of
ficer such craft from that bodv.
has been, it was announced vea-
terday, abandoned by .the : ship
ping imam, loo many practical
obstacles have been found to the
With the nrtent flpet rf mer
chantmen engaged in Atlantic:
freight transportation and the
great increases that will come as
the Ship building program goes
forwhrd it has been found imprac
tical t(l llrlllprtillf n Klmtiluinir
...t IAJIH
old and new with officers from
the naval reserve, desirable as '
this would be in combatting th6
German suhmnrinr ramnni'o-n '
SERVICE ARRANGED
T T.l U , . i
uiiuci me rcviscu pian oinccrs
from the reserve are to be in com-
inuiiu ui au iruop .snips nrst, ail "
ships engaged in the transporta-;
tion of war munitions and all that
are engaged in carrvine. sunnliea .
to the armies at the front. Thus
is sen.iratil iht nn-il rmx.nm
ment war business from the busi
ness of carrying supplies to the
allies and carrying ori the ordi-
nary commerce between the Uni
ted States and its allies and with
such neutral nations as may con
tinue to receive important exports
from, the United States.
IMMEDIATE CHANGES
The new arrangement, while it
will ultimately relieve the situa-.
tion in some ways will produce'
problems that must meet snlii.
noii ih me mcrcnant tieet grows.
It means .it thp fin-cnn ilnm ir..i 1
in the early future the taking over,
from the shipping board and the
operation under the navy depart
ment of many ships. All of those
thus far commandeered arc now
in the service of the shipping
board.
n uerever tnese nre used for trans
port lllirnoseH. liu niiiii'itw.ii ir HttMtilw
hbips they are to be nt once taken over
by and opernted under the department
. I t ............. . CTMkl'.V
of the navy, rommnnded and largely
oflieered from tho nnvnl reserve. Thi
will causo numbers of. rlmnges in com-
munus uut wnere an ollicer is rclieve,d
from, such service positions await him v
in mo nierciiiuir nuirjne iimt is not
engaged directly iu the conduct of the '
war.
mmuo increase
Demand for supply liiiis Is steadilv
growing as the contingent of Aoieiiean
.lIlllMVM .1 11 1l..M..l . . ! I & t
. - - - - . . nun nins, i (j in
dication of how mnnv have nlren.lv
bcon transported is uiven bv anv of
tho governmental departments but it is
clearly shown bv the
rapidly increasing frciulit of foo.l
tnd supplies that arrives at tho Atlan- ;
tie shipping points. -
The problem of securini; oftlcera an!
crews for tho actual merchant marine
is receiving nttentien from government
him inin nmi i no roiiiirii or (lerense but
I'hi not fvet boon ndeipintcly solved. ' -
' .
DRTDiPTinMO mw
uluiiuumuiio I Lit
I
WASHINGTON, December 12-(As-
soctnted Tress) Tho war priH-lnmiition ,
specifies thut only dnngerous Austro
Hungarians shall be interned, Most of
the restrictions upon Oermunn will not
be applied to Austria ns, and there are
no present plans for general registrar :
tion. The government does not plan to.:
restrict their truvel within the United
Htafcs.

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