! .HAWAIIAN GAZETTE. FRIDAY, DECEMBER. 28, 1917. SEMI-WEEKLY.
GOVERNMENT WILL OPERATE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM AS IVIR MEASURE
GUARANTEEING UPKEEP AND AVERAGE PROFITS, ENDORSING NEW BONDS
WASHINGTON, December 27 (Associated Press) At noon tomorrow all the railroad lines in continental United States will
., be taken over by the United States government as a war measure and the combined system will be operated as one. This was
announced by the President yesterday evening, his announcement coming as the climax of an agitation that has been under way for
several weeks. : . '; V': , ' '
: William G. McAdoo, secretary of the treasury and son-in-law of the President, has been named as director general of the railroad
board of managment. His new duties will not make necessary his retirement from' the cabinet,' it is explained, and he will continue to
act as the head of the treasury department. 'irV V '
With a view to the unification ot the railroads, which will permit their more economical operation, the r resident has been in con-
sulfation with the leading railroad executives of the i, , c t V i
Kscmrcu rowers ixeuuy jrur lmmeuiuie
Peace On Terms Of Status Quo Ante
BELIEF THAT SUGAR
IS PLENTY MENACE
TO PLANS FOR WAR
country, but he has not accepted their plan. . The sug
gestion was made that the railroads be unified but
operated by the present executives and not as a unit,
but under the direction of the interstate commerce
commission. This was the plan of the Railway Wir Botrd, although
the interstate commerce commissioners themselves urged the oper
ation of the roads by the President 1
UPKEEP AND PROFIT PLEDGE
' , Accompanying the proclamation announcing the taking over of
the railroad, the President issued a statement that, he would go
before congress and ask for definite guarantees that all the prop
erties of the railroads will be maintained in good repair and the
equipment kept up as completely as it is when the lines pass over
into government control. . '
It will be further guaranteed that the net income from the lines
will be for each what the average operating net income has been
during the three years prior to June 30, 1917.
Discussing the momentous. war step, officials here state that
the main practical effect of the taking over of the railroads -and their
operation by the government will be to permit a complete unification
of the entire rail system of the nation, something prohibited under
the law so long as the lines were privately maintained and operated,
The plan of the government includes the taking over immedi
ately of every road engaged in general transportation, with all their
appurtenances, including the railroad owned, steamship lines. Local
inter-urban systemswhich r generally electric, will1 not. b in
cluded in the .gQvcrMftfaiijyrt
- j ino direct-management wui remain in uic nanus oi if yicoci
railroad officials,, who will work under the Railroad War Board, the
board Itself being under the supervision of Secretary McAdoo.
; BACKING FOR SECURITIES , ,
- Government backing will be given immediately to new issues
of railroad securities, the proceeds from which are required to place
the lines in first-class condition and in shape to handle the increased
traffic they will be called upon to take care of. Various railroad
officials have estimated the cost of the equipment required at a bil
lion dollars. With the government back of the securities to be is
sued, a ready market is guaranteed. .
The interstate commerce commission will continue to perform
its regular functions, subject to the orders of the government direc
The late Senator Newlands, who was, until his sudden death
this week, chairman of the joint congressional committee on rail
roads, worked out many of the details which the President will now
put into operation.
NEARLY HALF WORLD'S MILEAGE
The unified railroad system which will be operated by Secre
tary McAdoo includes nearly half the railroad mileage of the world,
the main lines with their sidings being 391,141 miles. Europe has
altogether less than 216,000 miles, exclusive of sidings, while on the
continents of Asia, Africa and Australia there are not mdre than
110,000 miles, exclusive of sidings
The American railroads in 1915, the latest year for which statis
tics are available, had 65,100 locomotives, 2,507,977 cars of all kinds
and carried a total of 976,303,602 passengers.
The operating income from these railroads amounted to a total
ot $2,956,193,200, with expenditures aggregating $2,088,682,956.
. ..The railroads will be operated now with a single purpose of
expediting the transportation of freights. It is probable that some
roads will be designated to be solely freight lines, with others to
handle all the passenger traffic and troop movements.
PETROGRAD, December 27- (Associated Press) Germany, Austro-Hungary and Bulgaria
; are ready now to talk peace on the general grounds of "no annexations and no indemnities."
This announcement was made definitely on Tuesday at Brest-Litovsk, before the Russo
Teuton peace negotiations were broken off. , Count Czernin, the foreign minister for Austro
Hungary, as spokesman for the Central Powers, read a prepared statement of the position
-of his nation and its allies, stating that (he Centra! Powers had agreed to accept an imme
diate, general peace on the terms of the status quo ante. .
If the Entente will agree to accept a peace without forced annexations and without in-
demnities of any kind, the Central Powers will Immediately agree to an armistice and bring
s the war to an end.
OF CAMPS NOT GOOD
Charges By Surgeon General
Gorgas Result In Investiga
tion Staged By Senate
AV.V8HINGT0N, December 20 (As
sociated Press) The senate military
affairs committee today listened to
testimony M to conditions in Camps
Wadaworth and Bowies
Taia committee investigation grow
Vi! - 2 1 'riral-whiek are told of , in newspapers
Just eeeived from the mainland but
of which no wireless or cable messages
were Received here.
. i "
The article printed under the date of
Waahinirtoft. December 18. aayst.
tansational charge of unsanitary
conditions at army, training eampa toy
Burgeon General William O. Oorgaa
were mads public tonight by Beeretary
of War, Baker.
Copies of the reports made to the
chief of staff by General Oorgas oa con
ditions at four of . the camps were
given out) Tbeyarei Funston, Kaa.:
Hevier, & C.: Doniphan, Okla., and
Bowie, Tex. They allege:
Excessive deaths at toe camps one
DENIED BY FRANCIS
And Hold Some
of Ground Gained
Battle On Italian Front Continues
With Unabated; Violence While
On Other Fronts the Fighting
Is Below Normal .
NKW YORK, De.-iembrr 27 (Asso
ciated Press) Throughout yesterday
the bcttle of the'stllaa front ' waged
vita- Matiauerf.eio'.eeWe tkeuSWfr
Viags taking thai offensive as they', had
doae on Chrlsfmns day and launching j He ,,re.eted a tr.iig ease and was
United States Ambassador At
Petrograd Says He Has Not
Interfered In Affairs
WAM1TNOTUN. December 87 (As
soriated Hresi) Firm rebuttal waaj
made by Ambnsiiadot David S. Francis
at lVtrograd on Tuesday of the ahrgs
of Bolshevik! leaders' against his (em
bassy that it had in any way interfered
with Biwwjia- ix sCfsre-sfM wWosl
Kaledia r other' - leaders of faction
whina opposed the BoUherikf regime.
WASHINGTON, DeccmW 27 (As
Nocinted Press) Arrangements for ths
purchase of a large part nf the Cuban
sugsr crop, now estimated to reach a
total of 3,i(Mi,(KX) tons, are told in a
statement issued by President Wilson
in defense nf Fond Admiulstrstor Her
bert C. Hoover and the sugar commis
sion yesterdsy". He says that by agree
ment resched between the federal com
mission, the International Commission
and the Cuban commission, appointed
by President Men oral, a price of 4.04
a hundred pounds in t uba has been
The defense nf the food administra
tion and the augrir commissions came
as the result of the attacks made upon
those bodies by Clans Spreekels when
testifying before the sennte committee
which has leeii investigating the viear
Public Warned of Menace
Incalculable harm will come tn the
war plana of this country if the t-npl
shall come to believe that here is in
abundance nf sugar for the I'uited
Htates and its allies and thnt the sugar
ahnrtage is not real, was the telling as
sertion of President Wilson in his state
ment. The President, in his statement of
yesterday says that before the war the
Allies secured from the Central. Pow
ers most of their sugar, all but about
300,000 tons, while now ther take from
this hemisphere ,"0D,0OO tons instead
of 300.000. - i .
There has been an actual shortage
of sugar this year, as. Hoover alleged
and that' ahnrtage will continue next
rear as well, the President sfcid. He
told of tkr nnpreesdented demand .there
has heea and will be for Cuban sugar
despite the large crop that it is indi
cated will be harvested. The output
will be below the normal demands of
a scries of successful counters against
the Austro-Uerajun forces.
West of ' the, Bronta river the Ital
ians followed up the advantage of their
counters of Thesday with other suc
cessful counts and on this soctor
maintained the gains of both days.
Battle Rages Fiercely
It was in the viciuity of Del Kose
Hill and MoSte Dcvalbella where the
most severe fightiug of the bloody day
occurred. . In, that sector in the morn
lag the Italians countered fiercely aud
fur several hours the engagement
proceeded . with great violence. Ia
these counter! the Italians wrested s"V
Failure ot winter clothing to arrive. , " position, from the enemy, but be
. Location Of eampe In infectious ter- '" renewed onslnogMs and with
ritori'es brgely reinforced bodies engaged jn
Inadequate aad incomplete hospital the attacks, the Italians were forced to
facilities. . ' Klve ome their ground which they
Pneumonia, meningitis, measles and had taken but with some gains won iu
mumps cause many deaths. t the battle still lu their possession hen
Beacon tot Sickness I night fell.
It Is the first time official admis Quiet On West
sloa has been made that the death On the Belgian, front and in Fram-u
rsta is exeessive. Blame is placed on the fighting continued below normal
LONDON, December 27 (Associat
ed Fress)--Sueeese of the Teuton sub
marine campaign has again waned.
There was rejoicing last night when
the admiralty issued its report of the
losses of merchant shipping of last
week for the loss of larger ships had
again come to minimum figures. . The
sudden "drive" in the submarine war
fare appeared fo have completely col
lapsed. But one vessel of more than 1000
tons burden was lost last week. It Is
true that the loss of smaller craft con
tinued rather large, eleven, and one
fisher, but the total was small and the
minimum loss of large craft was con
sidered as highly encouraging.
PASSES BACK AND FORTH
THROAT OF SENTRY IS
SLIT AFTER CAPTURE
the failure of the W!ar Department
machlaery to provide adequate accom
modations. Overcrowding is in every case blamed
for the extensive sickness. Men were
placed tea and twelve in a tent, allow
and consisted,', as for the past few
days, of bombardments and raid. The
increase noted en Tuesday in the Ver
dun sector had abated and the con
stant bombardaient of Uormaa big
gunn was all that there was to show of
clear and explicit in his denials. This
was asserted by the London Time
correspondent la despatches from Pet
rograd received is London lasi evening.
Sir (ieorge McDonald issued, a simi
lar statement, Leadoa despatches also
ssid. H said there were nqw . three
distinct - Russian governments and it
is difficult to always avoid the appear
ance of conflicting - relations.
Dissension ! Klfe
Torn with ' dissension in Its own
ranks, the Bolshevik i government is
tottering. There Is a growing unan
imity of statement in the Petrograd
despatches indicating the waning power
of the Trotsky regime. The causes of
the alleged breakdown are said to be
incensing drunkenness among the peo
ple, reluctance to work and scarcity of
Instances are cited of Bolshevik!
troops refusing march and of making
no resistance te disarmament. Uke
lenders of the movement are reported
to be conscious of its hopeless failure,
and there is noted the tremendous
growing opposition to the ultra-radical
Tule. ' Former supporters of the JJnine
Trotsky government are now opposing
it. "German hirelings" is a common
epithet used against the leaders and
followers of the Bolshevikl. . .
The postponmeat of the peace nego-
the Tailed States and its Allies unless
the latter go to Java for sugar for
which at the present time there la not
adequate shipping. .. "
Attacks Are Resented
The statement denies emphatically,
that sugar stocks were allowed to go
nnmoved, thus causing an artificial
shortage and also that sugar was left
in Cuba while, aa effort was made to
bear down prices.
"If such statements go unchallenged
and the public believe them and that
there is an abundance of sugar it will
do incalculable harm to the war ef
forts of the country," be aald.
The occasion for the testimony by
President Wilson arose from "the testi
mony given the senate committee by
Clnua Hpreekels. When the time came
for Hoovsr or Babst to answer the
State department ' asked that Cuban,
affairs be not farther disenssed. Hoov
er was therefore shut off from reply
and made an appeal to the President,
The committee which has been in
vestigating the sugar shortage is com
posed of Senstors Reed of Missouri,
Vardaman of Mississippi, Jones of New
Mexico, Ixtdge of Massachusetts and
Kenyon nf Iowa, the two latter being
the Republican members.
The figures of 44.00 in this despatch .
differ from the announcements hereto
fore made nf a price ef 4.60 a hnndred
In Cuba. The Advertiser had the ca
ble company query to verify these fig
nres and was Informed that such wss
the text of the message which was tied
in Its Han Francisco office. It may be,
and it is probable that such is the case,
an error in the filing of the messago
br the Associated Press, the cipher and
the six having been transposed in trp.
ing the message but this it was im
possible to learn at the hour which
the message was received this morning. ,
BLISS TO REMAIN
-AS CHIEF OPSTAFP
Secretary '.. Daniels Makes An
nouncement Archie Roosevelt
" Recommended For Captaincy
WASHINGTON. . December 27 (As
sociated Press) General Bliss will be
retained as chief of staff, Secretary of
War Baker announcedlast night. No
ehauge ia contemplated at present at
Other announcements made by the
war department were that General Per
shing has recommended that Archibald
Boosevelt shall receive commission as
On Tuesday General Pershing report
el the death of Lieutenant James Paul,
killed in an aviation at-eident, and of
two privates, who were killed iu action
on November i't. lie reportk that of
the deaths j-ttoi led, tu died of
wounds, two from accidents and six
from uatural causes.
SHORTAGE OF COAL
men to tent.
PHOENIX, Arbona, December 2
(Associated Press) Thos. Campbell,
declared by the state supreme eourt to
be holding the governorship illegally,
yesterday turned it over to bis Demo
cratic opponent in the election, V. P.
Hunt. The transfer was made at a
ceremony without features. Hunt had
previously announced that he would re
tire iu Campbell's favor.
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE, . December 2ll (Associated
Press) German atrocities against Am
erican soldiers in France have already
been begun and yesterday were made
the subject of an official report by a
commander. The report says that an
American sentry was found dead, bis
throat rut. It is declared, after exam
ination, that the man was drat captured
and then killed by cutting his throat.
STEAMSHIP MAN "DIES
SAN F.RANCISCO, December 26
(Assoriated Press) Capt. George Scott,
a director of the Dollar Steamship
Company and for several years a pilot
In and out of this harbor died Tester
iay,. aged 61. He was widely known
in coast marine circlet.
Why wants words and advertising
space in describing the many points
of merit in C'hamlierlain 's Cough Rem
edy 1 The nicst fastidious are satis
fled when we state that it cures colds
and eougha from any cause, aud that
it routuins absolutely no narcotics or
injurious substances. For sain bv all
dealers. For sale by BeuDon, Smith k
Co.. Ltd., Agts. for llawr.il. Adver
In each of the camps there was no
attempt to quarantine new arrivals un
til they had been proven free from in
fectious diseases. This, General Gor
gas intimates, was unavoidable when
aa many as 36,000 men wore . poured
into a camp la a few days.
He recommends the immediate es
tablishment of detention and separa
tion camps for the sick men, issue of
tents until there are but five men to
' each, rushing warm woolen clothing and
a careful examination or every com
mand before it leaves the camp, where
it has been infected,
i Of. Camp Fuustou, General Gorgui
"I call attention to the fact that
they had 84 deaths (in the last month)
when the normal death rate of such a
command should be about twelve."
This part of the country, General
Gorges says, has been well known as
a center of epidemic meningitis to all
health officers for years. Yet, the
camp was built in the river bottom,
where storms or dust Dlow sdoui ma
streets. To the dust and the crowd
ing he attributes the excessive pnue-
monla rate. The men had no winter
clothing and no heat ia the barracks,
Of Camp Sevier he' sayai
"Sanitary conditions here are aeri
ous. Sixty men nave diea or pnue
monia within the past month."
"I am informed that shipments of
j winter clothing are coming iu rapidly
and issued to the men as last aa re
ceived, "'says General Gorgas. "From
personal observation, however, I And
that many men are still wesring their
cotton khaki clothing." This report
was dated December 17.
At Camp Bowie the same prevalence
of diseases due to overcrowding and
insufficiently clothing is noted. Con
ditions here are described as the worst
of any camp visited. Thoy have dis
turbed the Governor of Texas aud t It
local health authorities.
I Rattle continued from early morning
Until fur into the night. The Italians
generally had the advantage of the day
but iu tho mountain passes that led to
the Bums ao Plains there were email
gains by either.
A British air squadron on Christmas
day bombarded, Mannheim. Numerous
fires were starteed from the ton of
bombs dropped on the Oeruian town.
ARE RED CROSS LEGION
WASHINGTON, December 20 (As
sociated Press) Announcement was
mode here today that the Red Cross
Christmas "drive" has netted more
thsn 1.1,000.000 members, bringing the
total to 18,000,000.
TOBACCO IS NECESSITY
FOR BRITISH SOLDIERS
LONDON. December 26 (Associated
Press) Lord Rhondda, food controller
of Britaiu, today declared that tobacco
is a necessity fur tue troops ana that
it should not be classed as a luxury.
He believes the loss of tobacco for the
troops would be a national misfortune.
The local papers are forecasting a new
system of rationing.
nir only tweuty cublo feet of air spare l ),. threatened offensive of the urevlous I tiations at Brest Iitovnk has resulted
per man, when the proper space should day. tin the return of the Russian com mis-
have been much larger, with only five. On Christmas on the Italian front the I sioners to Petrograd. Apparently they
intend to await the arrival of the
enemy delegations to discuss the poli
h1. aspects of an twi.ti.b i.it ei
I. w. w. plot J :
1.' nited States government agents
have uncovered, evidence tending to
show that the I. W. W. is working with
the Bolshevikl element in Russia and
with other anarchistic and rubid Social
ist elements in "f world-wide plot to
overthrow all the. existing orders of
soeietv, all government and all rule of
officials. y " '
The steamer .VShilka arriving" at a
Pacific port from Russia has been dis
covered to carry arms and ammunition,
and this is but one of several instances
in which arms are being sent to the
United States from the ultra-radicals
Because of this and other incidents,
a federal inspection of all crew of in
coming vessels was ordered yesterday.
Claim Kornlloff Beaten
The Bolshevikl leaders announce that
General Korniloff, who has been stout
ly opposing them, has been defeated in
a battle near Bielgorod, his machine
guus and munitions captured, and hta
troops suffering severe casualties.
The Bolshevikl were reiiorted to be
attacking the town of Kharkov,. 400
miles south of Moscow, and the rail
roads serving the south of Moscow
country. It is declared that much of
this country is now in control of the
Bolshevikl, who are storing Cossack
troops on trains. bound for the north.
Trouble In Bulgaria.
News has been received in Petrograd
of revoltuionafy plots flaming up
against Cr.ar Ferdinand of Bulgaria.
Condtlons in Bulgaria are said to be
greatly disturbed. This news conflrnia
previous reports that a revolution iu
Bulgaria was developing.
Fighting In Siberia
News was received by way of Peking
that the Trans-Siberian railway has
been cut near Irkutsk, Siberia, where
WASHINGTON. December 2(1 (As
soriated Press) The eoal shortage hss
displaced the sugar shortage as center
of attention by the investigating sen
ste subcommittee. Dr. Harry Garfield,
fuel controller, was railed to the stand
today and the testimony, of Herbert
Hoover, food controller, will probably
uot be given until Friday.
"' "' mi m tri it ir rw im in i
AN ATLANTIC PORT. December
26 (Associated PressT Passengers ar
riving at this, port yesterday say, that
In at least oue proved Instance Ger
man submarine crew knew- of the
movements of a steamer carrying Am- -'
erican officers. It is declared that the
crew of thia submsriae, which was cap
tared while moving undersea and later
sunk, knew the movements of the
steamer in question, and that the sub-.
marine lay in wait for the vessel to
sink her. That the sneaking tactica of '
the U-boat was not successful was duo
to the vigilance of the Convoying ves- -eel,
which repelled the planned attack ,
and later drove the submarine to cap:
ture, sav the ivissencers.
AK IMPROVED QUININE
DOES NOT AFFECT THE HEAD
Becsuse ot its toale and laxative flsct,
. LAXATIVI HOMO QU1NIN8 will W louad
better than ordinary Quinine. Doss as mum
aervousnsss. Bar rinsing ia the heed.
number, there is oolr one " Bromo Ouijine.'
'Tbs sigua"r ej 8. V. Gro-; ec ea'
TOKIO, December 20 (Cable to
Nippu Jiji) Princess Tatlnna, daugh
ter of the former czar of Russia ar
rived at the Russian legation in Peking
yesterday. It ia not known definitely
whether' she will .visit' the United
Htates. According to reports from
China, the princess was in the best of
health upon her arrival.
AGREE TO ARBITRATE
ALL LABOR DISPUTES
CHICAGO, December 2V-( Assia-iat
ed Press i John R. Williams was to
day appointed referee of all labor dis
putes which arise in the parking house
imliiHtryi Packers anil employes of all
the principal Anns have agreed to ue,
cept his dneisions aud not to engage'
in strikes or lockouts for the term of
a Bolsheviki force destroyed a big rail
Heavy fighting is reported at many
pUces in riiberia, between the Bolshe
vikl 's hnstily organized troops and
those who were identified with and
still support the origiml revolution.
Beu Bruno, known all over the Stages '
extolling the virtues of the wonderful '
B. B. C. medicine. The fame of thia
marvelous remedy has penetrated Ha
waii and it ia on sale at all the drag .
stores. B. B. C. ia short for Bro. Ben-
i r - .n....iiv.
composed of roots and herbs, eontainl
no aJooti'ii or poisonous habit-forming
drugs. A fine general tonie with groat
stOlnacu virtue, rlirinv tn.lifTMtina lid
uyspepsia, creating an appetite and is 1
at the same time a gentle laxtire. Tho
B. B. C. medicine for, the blood has no
eipiul as it makes new rioh blood and
iloauses the impurities from the sys
tem, curing rheumatism and other blood '
diacirdora. For h Id n v . snd iAuAAmw
trouble diabctia and gravel it ie es
pecially helpful for weak, deliowte, aer-
iiiin, luirmn inu nis-covs p-pl '
uld and young it acts like efcarm, and
a ten days ' use of the B. B. C medicine .
are considered extrem ras-e. B. B. C '
is scientifically prepared sn ' complies
with all the pure food rtulationa. It
can do you no harm, and In assay sup
posrdly hopless eases bus restored
health and brought hanitlness where be- '
fore all was darkness and despair. B,
B. C. removes worms' from the system,
and so is especially beneficial to chii-
nren. neu rtruna is giving Dis personal ;
aiiruuuii iu me luiruuurivrr campaign,
aud for the convenience of the public
nan esin oiisneu uimseir at rue corner or
Keksulikp and Kinir Htre-etB. nnnnait
the Fihh Market, where he will be front
W a. m. to 5 t. in. every dar and will
explain the B. B. (, medicine and how
to get the cures. A special advertising
price is made of r-1.00 per bottle, I for
or li far 3.IM1 the first few weeks.
Directions are in Knclish. Hawaiian.
French, Portuguese, hpaulsh and many
other languages. A persoual talk .with
Ben Bruin will convince, the most skep
tical that he believes heart and soul n
ths B. B. C. medicine and he hss hun
dreds of testimonials of cures made b..
It to bock up his claims. Don't forget
the placecorner Kekaullke and Kins'
m rceis, opposite me run juarxer,
every day except Humlay, from l a. ai, -to
5 p. ui, Advertisement,
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