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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, January 11, 1918, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-01-11/ed-1/seq-2/

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j. SIM -IM?
A- - - VA 1
1 .J: 1 '
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:vestigatid;i of
! Senator Reed, Chairman of Com
mittee, Is Opposed To Food
A "i-fA Administrations V
New" York Writer Considert Ha
, waiian Sugar Price As Be-
!7A i Ing:SoMWwtat Uncerta.in
' rfir treatment of tke lood fcdaia
ifltrttloa. aid tka tngar aommtaaioiw by
tka fiit larnrtlcatjnj eommittf b
. cull of til attitaiU aad kaawa acati
incnti of Baaator Bead, thairmaa of
taO OBBiitt, it eVarged is a latter
Tmlr4 by ft toeol agtaey from Ha
lew York aorreapoadaat thia waelk The
vrhtor aaya that tho. attacks wan
launched aad th poiaoa (iran tiaia to
link ia bafora tho food adatiniatratioa
' rraa giveo its hae and it . la aneer
liiin ban aoriooa tho damaphaa been
or whether it cti lM readily reetifled
whea tho facts era fally bronght out
y the food admialatratioa. and the
mjrar lomaiisaioBa, Tho letter was
trrittea Doeember 22 and said; . -'
InTosttxatioa Om Bided
A "This haa beta a week of atagaation
ia the wiarket.: All the atea of light
nnd. leading hare been, either voluntar
ily at iBToluatarily, detained at Wab
inKtoa aad- kept ao busy steaming the
attacks of the tebnoelasts of the trade
that they hhre had ao time or thought
for aaythiag else. The iaveetigatioa
co far has oeea and, deliberately so,
yery ranch oaa aided. ' ;
Senator Seed had made ap hla atiad
. that the food eemmisaioa was a detest
' iible thing and. took pains to- exclude
' any testimony that could bo construed
to be ia its favor. ' He has eueeeeded
' 5n apreaditig' broadcast throughout the
country hie poeaJiar point of riew and
piea the poiaoa time to sink U.
V bother the belated opportunity giver
t n the food eommiaaionera to eay.aome
t . ' in Ibi-ir ova defenae will be time
'j t-oough to permit tho public to strike
A n otob jad cement ia another question,
)nt one which does not particularly
J 'iterant' the malcontents. 'Sufficient for
them that they got in tie flmt blow,
whether above or below the belt is
Immaterial.. ,
Hawaiian) Itic fTacertain
' "Salee Of rawiffbi1 the week have been
almost negligible but each as they have
leea were oa the dnty pnid banisof 5.92
reota. Tho freight rate froia North
Coant Cuba porta has been definitely
fixed at S8Vh eenti per 100 poniHlx. and
pdding this to tho f.O.b. figure, one
would naturally expect that the basis
for Hawaiiaa sugar would be in the
neighborhood. of aix cents, but there's
many a slip twjxt the cap and the lip
these daya. v ;'
Agroemomt I Btuaand
"There ia a well defined rumor en the
ntreet to tho effect that the interna
tional sagapv oommisaioa is about to
make, a desjtite . contract with the Cu
laa plantera to agree to sell 8,500,600
tons of the coming crop at 4.60 cents
f .o.bu Cuba, to be delivered' to tonnage
furnished by the commissioners at the
monthlyrate of 11 pereent of the es
timated onttara of each plantation. In
1 ' ia way. there would be no chance for
one influential sugar company to gain
un advaataga over the smaller concerns
i t 1 ail would get a square deal. Aa
confirmatory of thia rumor we have
jiiHt received the following 'Announce
ment to )he Trade No. 3':
" In order to increase rapidly
the supplies of augar to the United
Htates, the cooperation of sellers of
Cuban and also of Porto Rico is
earnestly requested in offering as
largo quaatitio aa possible ef su
ra rs for shipment during Decem
ber and early Jaauary.
'VT facilitate the forwarding
. ot these early sugars peading the
eompletioa of the proposed Cuban
contract, the International Sugar
Committee eonflrms its previous
SHHuranees to representative of
Cuban sellers that it will receive
' thee supers frdm Cuba' at such a
price cost aad freight as well, af
ter deduetlng freight, yield a act
price to the seller of about 4.60
f.e.b, . from - principal north aide
ports, or e.S3 f- b. from principal
south side ports.,
"Ail freight rate are subject
to later adjustment.'
"IIarveetiH ja Cuba is getting un-1-r
way with the latest report indl
tlng that 60 Centrals are now oper
ating against 48.77. and SI at the ap
proximate date la 1918, 1915 and 1014
- r.efaied Frodaet ,
"Tli famine on refined sugar is still
v. 'ith us. On all sides we learn of the
u. wins ta. consumer being sugarless in
rpito of aseertlons to the contrary. The
American la quoting 8.15 cents basis
while th other refiners are still pegged'
at 8.39 coats. :
"Toura' trulv.
"(Sad.) T. T, MACDONALD,
. ,'':. .'.Vta Vlso-Prfsident."
- " ' ' . .1 ' .
Jon Lcnaoxv who reeeatly .resigned
from the manepoment of Hacks k Co.,
to enter Into ether, business,. tj pre
out at a meeting yesterday aa a new
V'"--"" - y ,m , ,,. .i. , .
Birmber of th Board( of Retail Trades.1
i-. I i . . .... ,T,., ., - , l
Early Estimates Place Output At
Four Hundred Thousand Tons
and Improvements' Qo ; Ahead
Despite Handicaps ( Wi j-
MANILA, Philippine Islands, Nov
ember 4 The cane crop of this year, la
the I'hilippiee has made a moat ex
cellent growth notwithstanding the fact
that it received a elight 'excess of rain
daring the early part, of the oeesoe la
several of the sugar districts. It la
somewhat early to . predict with any
degree of accuracy the yield -for this
season, since late typhoons and ravage
by locusts oftea causef a decided differ
ence ev,ea so near the harvest period.
Should favorable eondittona prevail th
eager . production may be expected to
amount to between, 300,000 aad 400,'
000 ordinary tone, which a alightly
above normal. . ' . Vl .
pana la Good Condition. 1
During the months of July, August
aad September, the heart of tho raiay
season,, there were vary few severe
storms ia the sugar districts, aad con
sequently the cane ataads suae more
nearly ereot than is usual at this sea
son. There wae a aornsai amount or
rain in July and tho fore part of Au
gust, but since that time aatil October
aa unusually dry spell prevailed. ' Ia
normal years the ground U usually so
wet that it ia Impossible to do any
flewiag. This year, . aa a coatraat,
he work of plowing has been conduct
ed almost constantly oa the various
plantation and much land. has already
been prepared for ' pleating. -
One thing of interest la- eennortioa
with the cane crop la th fact that the
ratooa cane ia .better than usaaL sThis
may be attributed partly to the fact
that through the efforts of th Bureau
of Agriculture demonstration stations,
attention was given to tho ratooa
crop from the time the previous erop
was harvested antil the enne was laid
by. The system of leaving th trash
over the ground in 'the iorm, of a
heavy mulch instead of burning it of
as usual kaa caused aa. increased
growth daring the dry season. '
Lfttto Sugar Movement
The sugar market has 'been dnll for
eome timoj dno largely to the lack of
sufficient ocean - transportation to
Ameriea. -Whim there is still a great
deal of augar - la th various ware
houses, there have' been few . buyer
willing to offer more than a seminal
price, since there ia but a limited num
ber of vessels making this trip- and the
freight rates are subject to great JXw !
tuatioaav',. ; ,' ,.(.'
The, supply ef low grades of sugar
used locally ia aearly exhausted. Thee
sugars have brought a very low price
as. compared with the market priee of
good sugara. , V v
. During the last quarter there lava
been exported 73,140 tons of erode
eugar, while 60 tons of refined sagas
have been imported during the nam
period.' ''''' ' '
There ia at present a largo supply of
alcohol oa hand, and very few ahip
meata of any but the highest grade
have beea made for export. Due to
the high freight rates prevailing, , It
haa beea found impracticable to ship
thi product at a profit for any great
distance and- its use locally as a sub
stitute, tor gasoline has but recently
aome into, effect.
' A. great deal of difficulty has beea
experienced in securing the necessary
augar baga for the coming erop. Al
though there are various vegetable
fibers produced ia abundance hero, none
of this material is manufactured into
Because of the extensive erop be
fore the large Calamba sugar factory,
it ' has been found necessary to in,
crease the boiling house equipment by
the addition of another quadruple
effect of the same diameter as the
original. This factory is. now' capable"
of handling" approximately 26O0 tons of
cane per day, though the average grind
will no doubt be slightly lower. The
crop this year shows every indication
of Doing even larger than that of last
year. The previous erop surpassed all
expectations, with a total output of
over 30,000 tons of sugar. . j
Several muscovado factories have
lately beea converted Into centrifugal
factories by the additioa of vacuum
evaporators, erystallUers, and centrif
ugals. These . have invariably given
better results than the 'open-kettle fac
tories, as the centrifugal sugarwhieh
they manufacture meets with a ready
market aad commands a good price.
One of tho latent factories to be thus
reconstructed If located in the province
of Pampanga, near Dinalupihaa, and is
the second factory of its type ia that
province, '.
proposed Government Centrals
The projeet of building government
sugar centrals has been temporarily
abandoned due to the extremely abnor
mal conditions prevailing at present. A
plan was devised for successfully finan
cing thia work, but it was found to be
extremely difficult, not to. sy .impos
sible, to purchase aad transport the
Heavy machinery when there are scarce
ly enough steamers to bring necessary
commodities to the islaada. There ia
ao loss of Interest oa the part of the
government or of the sugar planter,
and a eooa as normal conditions again
prevail this projeet will be pushed with
renewed activity. In addition to the
povrrameot projects there eve project
for . numerous factories to be built by
various private corporation. The su
gar section of the bureau of agricul
ture has rendered, valuable assfstane
to these promoter ny carrying oa spe
cial iavestigatioo ia th various die-
iiti J . I L
Colorado Makes Statewide CanY
; paijn Ttt Secure Larcrr Out :
' A: t?' Su'sar for Ycarw,f-;
DEKYEE, tfele-PevlVr.A. iUU"
wide campaign for a. larger beet acre
age la 118 is being made by the 'su
gar companies in tooperatiow with
Federal and State food authorities and
representative -of tho United State
Department f Agrtraltuve. '' la- eoa
aertioa wlth this campaign ' the tot
lowing striving statement "f the situ
ation from the aspect of patriotic duty
has been, prepared by 9. well Informed
authority oa the beet sugar' industry t
Production Dominant Need . - . j
" We, cannot produce everything 'w
consume, imt wha we tan juwlure we
shouM. '. , .Vv i,'; r:'n.,, S '
"This thought must be domlunnt If
Americanism ia to prevail against Pan
German militarism In that . great in
dispensable 'food of modern life, sugar,
Germany - is self-sustaining," and inde
pendent of all sea "borne commerce, and
we cannot cot off the supply, because
the supply is home-grown.
"Previous to too war, England's su
gar bowl, for tho most part, was filled
with augar from Pan-Oermaa . i eugar
beet fields: Tho Trench sugar ' bowl
was supplied almost entirely with sugar
from her own augar beet fields before
they were destroyed by tho Germans.
Thseo two ' sugar bowls required ap
proximately throe million tons to AIL
. "Our owa sugar bowl has been filled
with 1 sugar from. our. beet; and runs
fields on- the mainland, from tho cane
fields of our insular possessions,' Ha
waii, Porto Biro and the Philippines,
and, to the extent of about 50 percent
af our total', requirements, from., the
rap fielda of, Cuba. ; It . is . obvious,
thereforef that only partially to fill th
English and French sugar bowls, we
most give of. the ronton ta of our own
bowl v-v ....'.",.'; ;' ' '. ;
Ooasus tat, Trodurm afore :.
- ' Moral: 'Aa a. war ' measure we of
the West should .' consume lose sugar
and produce more. A a peace meas
ure, wo of the West, should consume
more sugar and produce still snore.
"It rests entirely with the. American,
agar beet farmer a to how well we
are going to meet thle obligation. - la
dar gone by sugar was regarded . a
luxurrj- today - it is demanded a
food. . Th American boys in the
trenches, as' well aa our allies, must be
supplied1 by ' the Americans at home.
Unless w prodaco a great deal more
sugar la 1118. than, w did in 1017, we
certainly must consume enough, lea at
home to smpply the . soldiers . ia the
trenrnes as wen as toe civji population '
of France, aad Englaad and. pur other
mi m. : . r
"We can't have the cak and eat It,
too. We can't have the boya in khaki
win ud be hungry, too.'V .''( -:
The ; sugar factories all over .Colo
rado are feeling the.effeete of the xero t
weather which was experienced over,
practically all of the State ia .October,
when only- about 40 percent of the
bcyts were out o the ground. The
severe weather, coming as early -as it
did, not only injured many beets , but
prevented their maturing. A a re
sult there is considerable- loss both in
beets that have to be discarded and la
the reduction of sugar content. .The
weather following this frees wa aa
nsually warm and has added heating
aad sponging to the other Injuries.
Facts About Sugar.
Since the payment of bonuses there
has beea a growing shortage of labor
oeeasioned by departure from th Is
lands of those who have either retara
ed to their old homes or have nought
new places. Especially, la proportion
to the population, has this been true
of the Spanish laborer. It is learned
that mapy of these have left with th
Filipinos have gone back to the Phil
ippine Islands by the score aad while,
at this stsge of th harvest, there is
aot aa acute shortage, it is admitted
that the shortage is already felt oa
some tl th island ad i likely to b
further felt leej, -
tricts, and In additioa the sugar labora
tory has compiled data which will bo
of value.
Work is progressing, rapidly at th
local ougar refiney, where instalments
of th. necessary apparatus for th
1 orlt system of making sugar have bee
received. It ia hoped that this vegeta
ble carboa will accomplish all that. 1
claimed for it and that it will in a
short time replace the bone-black, which
is both expensive and hard to procure.
The approach of the grinding sea
son with the large crop of cane before
the punters and the difficulty of se
curing supplies has reuse the large fac
tories no little trouble in securing,
among other necessities, high grade
quiekline for the elaificationoftheir r
quicklime for the clarification of their
Kiees. Heretofore this material has
en imported largely from Japan, bat
oa account of the lack of ships and
th high freight rates it is difficult to
obtarn sufficient quantities. Fact
About Sugar.
V. " A AAA' AI,
Supply Will Be tess Than 0e
mand Even When Exigencies'::
of War Havt passed
J. W. Knight, the ilreetor of the
News Bureau of the Republic of Cuba,
submits his view oa the coming Cuba
soger crops ia .the following carefully
prepared statements., Hs says: .' '.' '
"When a few days ago Cuban sugar
planters, who Will raise 60 pereent of
thi ' year's ' sugar cane' erop, buried
hatebet with H. C. Hoover's Interna
tional 8ugar Commission, they pledged
themselves to loose upon the markets
of our allies the greatest output th
world ha ever know. "Three aad a
half million tons of 'sugar will go from
Cuba port la th next six months, to
ease the aching world's sweet tooth.
Cables brought the new that the great
sugar mills at th Centrales Palma and
ktanati bad already began, to crush the
jniee from the eoe -the earliest ree
oroea aaio xor me sinning up ox in
mill. ; Sooa more thaa 200 other mills,
from Piaar del Kio to Orieate. will be
active. t 'v; :: ' -. ;,v'-.
Shortage to Oontinaa , . .
"The world 'a eugar shortage, some
statistician tell us, is at an end.' Tet
the fact rcipeina that today, and' for
years to come, th world will bo abort
of. sugar) its . price may be regulated,
Its use may.be conserved, production
may. increase, but for a decade after
the war ' nd therewill still be a sugar
scarcity. . WJietber ;' the situation be
viewed as eeonimie or social, tho seeds
of the world, excluding- the Central
powers, cannot be solved this year, or
next or In, 1919 or 1920, or for the next
decade. 'With ' the coming of. peae
German nd. Austrian beet eugar pro
duction will be resumed oa a mighty
scale.,' Favorable weather may eome to
Sadden th Louisiana and Western
merieaa - planters;. Java will agaia
send bar eager to th world's market,
but it will require tea year or more
for the world to-real ign its sugar pro
duction to its needs.:
Land Barely Suffice , ,-. ' .
'"Had there beea a war the situa
tion would have been almost the same.
It "la a faet which agrarian economists
long have realised that the world's
land available for .sugar prodactioa
today is t aot more . than , sufficient . to
satisfy a normal demand. ' Food needs,
other than -Sq augar, had Increaeed
in the West fndies, the United States,
Germany, Austria : and tho .Malay
Archipelago so greatly that th sugar
producing domains ia.' these eountries,
with Cuba' exception, were feeling tba
eacroaehment of tillage for other food
before tho war began. The war only
hastened the necessity for the prob
im "a boiuuob. -. ,j y ; , . . :
"In Cuba, of all eugar-produetng
lem' solution.
lowuuires,( (uure u acreage avauiaoiOf
out not yet under cane cultivation, and
higher . prices . for their, product, the
Cubaa planters tell us, are essential to
stimulate these into plantations. .The
neutrals of th world are shouting for
sugar ia.vain, aad a survey .of the
world-situation which . th. writer ha
concluded, ; in cooperation, .with Euro
pean authorities, impel th conviction
that the housewife must abaadoa for
ever the hop of. what used to be nail
ed 'cheap sugar. .
.-. v"Dr.. M. C. Priahen-Geerligs, of Am
sterdam, Europe's leading sugar au
thority, and for' years director of the
Royal Dutch oaporiment - station in
Wont Java, as well as George Marti -Mao,
th English sugar expert, agree
that, permanent . economies ,in sugar
manufacture and consumption are ur
gently necessary. ' ' To lower the price
th grower,, receives, will only curtail
production, there) being , today, such an
opposed .statu, and ' potential equili
brium; of sugar need and other food
naod a to permit of no price reaction.
Continued high prices to the sugar pro
ducer, aad the regulation aad eventual
aliminatioa altogether of i tba refiner
ao aa to. safeguard th eoaaumer, com
prise th only solutloa of the problem.
"'The British refineries,' Mr. Mar
tineas writes ia letter, 'certainly are
aoti oyea. when at full work, capable
of supplying th British consumer, with
all th defined augar ho consumes. .The
foreigner, before th war,' sent to us
the British refiner, supplied the balance,
future will rely upoa either old fash
ioaed brow augar or .'plantation
granulated ' to meet th craving of his
palate, and the demands of his pocket
book, Senator Broussard of Louisiana
is another student, on sugar economies
who hold oyea stronger similar view.
'"Writing; from Amsterdam less than
six;, week go Dr., Prineen Gcerligs
asserted that the fsrraers la Germany
would be . unable to supply their in
ternal' demand until long after , the
war. With favorable treatment from
the Imperial German Food Administra
tion, they ar eomplaiuing of the low
priee for which, sugar hag to be sold.
Baw beet augar , in Germany,' he re
veals, was 13 mark for. 60 kilos at th
outset of the war, and, though it has
Increased to it cents for SO kilos to
day, th shortage of land for beet cul
tivation owing . to the necessity of
producing vegetable fat aad meat ani
mal, aad the Attraction , of other
form of cultivation, have rc dared the
Oermaa boot grower' oni Uon pr
carious h feels: no optimism over an
altered condition ' that peace would
bring. 'In Austria, too,' Dr. Priasea
Goerllga adds, 'the manufacturers are
asking a better official price, and vea
if they gain' th advce, which I not
all certain,-eugar will not be as ex
pensive as In other countries better it-
mm fnrv.irrv nrn t H
ri.L!rrn.totti .
Effort Ms Made To Speed Up
1 Home Production During War
'. MANILA December 15 (Associf ted
Press) To enable the Philippine I si
ends to play . their part ia saving the
worl from Jhe pinch of hunger, the
Philippine congress hit passed a. bill
through 'both houses authorising the
appointment of aa administrator to take
charge of, campaign for the stimula
tion of .food production. . Cowpnlsory
labor i one of the means the. Philip-
Sine eerttary of agriculture ia author
ted to adopt, if necessary.
In this apnnection, the long expected
bill to permit the importation of Chi
nese 'laborers '.baa been introduced , in
congress It provides, that they, shall
'b allowed to remain, In this country
oiy, flve year and. may not acquire
ay property' daring this period of
contract. At the end of fivyears they
v-fll be returned, by the government to
the, epnntry .-whence, they Came. ."'.V
.Strong opposition to thia bill is eg
pfeted from the labor interests. -If It
ia approvel it munt then go to the coa
.gtest .of the .United States for . final
approval since the Philippine Congress
is,, not authorised to act, alone on, 1m.
migraiion. qnrsuons. , . . ..,
fAnother ;,'bill,-Is under 'consideration
compelling .'the, registration of all able
bodied men - who are without . work,
Municipal governments are empowered
to offer them work pf some sort aad
If .they .refuse, to send them to jalL
.There ia also a. proposed measure en
abling the government to fix the prices,,
of ,all food product and Investing thei
iMWretarr of commerce snd eommuniea-1
tkQewitKL"the pbwert.ot dictator, ia.
this, , mutter. He -'will seise all . bust-1
pes,, connected with, the sale of foodt
stJufT. that .ia being run at a a exorUtaat.
pH.v.V-'V - .-Y-':.,'i,'.- 'v-j.; a I
Jt l erpected that, in.anme fnnk
and, th.e regulation of food prices, will j
sorely, become law.' Ia, each case the ;
..ill I. t:ti I
year after, the. close of th war,M, ;
Demand for sugir- shares la on the
iacrease, ", The stock exchange sheets,
are 4aking on the appearance of the
day' long before the war and listed
ecuritie have supplanted in . Interest
i' the lower priced stceks on the "yellow
sheet". Of. these listed stock sugar
shares are leading the way. and thous-
and share dava have become common
t again. '-- V '
1 1 Yesterday sale amounted , to 1364
' shares of which sugar stocks furnished
813 and other securities 451. - Ola far
' nished the largest rjasiness, ' Hawaiian
piaeappi next and Ohao next. The
market was firm and strong. -
. Among the broker th opinion pre
vails that augar stocks reached their
low price some week ago and that tho
pendulum-1 now .' swinging, upward.
Thia opinion they1 reach from the pre
ponderance of buying orders over soil
ing order. '.,,',...
''.Investors are not expecting return no
the stocks such as were paid last year
and the year before bat they are tak
ing en their purchase at, prices ma
terially lower than then, prevailed.
They consider that prices have been ad
justed to the new conditions. ,
It is not anticipated, ia brokerage
circles that the stock . exchange busl
noea will assume proportions equal to
those, phich prevailed when the "bull
market" wa en more than a year ago.
They do look, however, .to aa increase
in. business in sugar 'shares over the
present and th more sanguine are for
casting th return of (2000 share day
ia the near future.
Italy is having - th ' Worst sugar
famine of, any country in Europe, if
reports front 'an exchange ar correct,
The crop, failed,' th stocks were ex
hausted and the priee of sugar was
raised to an incredible " level. " The
eweet maunfaeturer-. have had their
licenses withdrawn, and there is nothing
but bitter and; ao bitter-sweet. Spain
haa not fared much better for there the
production haa .been placed at only
100,000 ton. Neither of the eountries
are able to get supplies. V , ' ,
.The Belgian eugar crop ia placed at
130,000 tone. The German authorities
requisition considerable of thia amount,
but there seems to be other stock on
hand and the inhabitants are faring
quit well, better than has beea antioi
pated. . i v i .
uated.' The conclusion being that In
Austria, were it not, for the despotic
eontrol of sugar manufacture and of
sugar distribution, the producers could
aot realise an existence.
"Ia Pre nee, ia the Cette district, the
chambers of eommeree are endeavoring
to solve present and future scarcity of
sugar by manufacturing ' it from
grapes. In neutral eountries, suet as
Sweden, Dr. Prinaen-Geerligs points out
the government' It enforcing the plant
ing of .maple trees in a faint hope
that the needs of tb people may be
met by the expansion of th sugar sup
ply. Eliminating f, the. refiners bus
already beea discussed officially in Ger
many, aad the substitution of a better
grad of raw tugar."
. . . - -"j-'
: i'.-' .'' i! '
senti:. :nr it grows
tamiand is'Makih? Demand But)
California., prcps Purely
..''Temporary U; Cy Embodying
Plans For DcportaUcn
, t.; K.uf .:.r,' L':V ;
i Murk interest teii roused ia Ho
nolnlu by the Associated Presa des
patches which .told of the action of the
California Development-Board ia fav
oring the Immigration for the' period
Of the war at least of Chiaeee farm,
ers and, farm labor.'.' This coming from
California wae considered decidedly
surprising because of the past attitude
of the. people of that ' state toward
Oriental labor., With the labor prob
lem' looming op larger f or the Islands
the change of attitude oa the part of
California takes on added Importune.
. - In California the sentiment kaa bee
working toward Chiaeee labor for sev
eral months past, la faet almost since
the passage of the Selective Draft Law,
A far back a November S3 Concerted
action lookiaff toward auch a . noliev
was take.. Thle waa at tho eonven-1
tioa of th California Fruit Growers I
Association ', when , George H. Heeke, j
state horticulture! 'commissioner, was)
anttiorinad to annolnt a. mamltts t
week, from congress admission of Chi
nese or other, labor and resolutions set
ting forth th need were passed. Such
committee was'.named on Doeember 11.
Brierv Bank Speak ?,
In Ihe bulletin of the twelfth federal i
ferierv district. Iwraed by the Federal i
Reserve - Bank" of San Francisco and'
reviewing eondjtiohs in. the district up
. January. 1, it was said .- ' '
. -Th aupply of farm laborers which
fcas, fyen , inadequate during th past
year, and which, has beea diminished
by the military draft, promise to be
materially short of th needs of the
coming year. .The- anggestioa I being
Mad with increasing frequency that a
large, number, perhap $00,000, of Jhl
'.! farmer bo brought to this epnn
try,, under bond, for their, roturni to
raie erop during the r Appnrent-.
1y.no objection is snade , to the proposal
except by th labor anions. , " The; lm
portsnco of increasing food production
u.vitap'.. tf
nisnttn Do.Jfot tTigw ' 'JP';
While other hav takea up the mat
te, of cringing Chlaes labot. to H
wair aad a memorial to eongre has
been presented,-the Planter ' Associa
tion haa taken, ao-action , on the . sub
ject.' 'It appear to, hav beea., the
theory of Uh association ' that '.th
lands of the Island wore to ia th
end be distributed among (tlxns nf
the United States and that it was the
hop of tfie government to see the agri
cultural la ads of th island q owned
and tilled. . - Thia, together . witlw th
known attitude , of , Hawaii' nearest
neighbor, California, may hay held
them back from endorsing tb proposal.
Filipino Detriment ;y... ;" , '
, ' Filipino labor is a detriment and not
n. asset to the. Islaada aad thia faet
I coming more and more into recogni
tion. - Spanish had Portngnoa will not
work, willingly, on th earn planta
tion with. them. The major proportion
f the erimes of violene in the Island
can be laid to the Filipino, court
statistics prove Ia the past few months
there has bee, a considerable, exodus
of Spanish labor, moved by the employ
ment of Filipinos her and led by thel
report, of high wage paid in monition
factories on th mainland. Many Fili
pinos, also, have gone back to the Phil
ippine. Thus it appear that th Fill'
plnos, art not orderly, reputable eitl
sens, in a large number of eases, that
other labor refuse to work .with them
and to. remain on plantation ' with
them, and they do aot remain perma
nently. Th ' number now employed
only, makee np for the. falling off of
Japanese plantation labor sine the
Importation of Filipinos.'
Attltnd U Changing:
" With these polnta n view and with
the changing attitude on the mainland
it will not be strange if the planters
shall soon com out and 'Join, in th
demand for the admission of Chines
t least for tb tim of th, war.
Tb. argument is Advanced., that, th
mainland proposal will not meet the
needs of the Islands. Wjth th-Fill,
plnos , It . ha been shown that , where
several thousand male ar broughti in
erimee of violence increase. It is urged
that if th men are allowed to bring
their, wivea hre ther Would be less
disorder, and rbeHt and. nor de
pendable class of labor .could be se
cured. ...-.''.
'.";,'- ' e ... ..J...
Two application fbVllind found!, in
th boa when tbe'Kalopn land drawing
woe held wr . thrown oot because
Laihl, Commissioner .Bertram G-! Blvea
burgh believed both had tjeen, east by
th eama, person, as the, were almost
identical. Da bore the name, of Hena
ro Cravalbo and the other Meiparo Cr
valho. One was filed Doeember IS and
the other December 28. I both cases
th applicant mad hi mark in the
presence of a notary public, Frank S.
Toixelm. On name drew N. 0 and
th Other Na.-ao.
j -
J. Ken ney of Calgary, Canada, who
visit the Islande each winter, ia a
recent arrival la tip city. He will
remain -her several'. Months daring
which tim he will tonr each Island of
the group, y
'QiinAn pnnp rniFQ t.
Vuui.a taui uiuilu -u v
Tn r"n,frr c n ' v.
U In. .mLI 0LUVL; M"
Id xrnrr Almost Clfearcd un and
. t T - . i 4 . T.
flew Crop Only Eighty Per ;
i ; i ' Cent Behind Last Year
Convpanics Are In State of Some ;'f
, Uncertainty On What War - t
'Vi'rrsues Will Mean .; ; ; I irs
For the parpoo 'of. etimating the a I
amount of cargo spar that will be re- ;
nniMul far Hawaiian. sur- durin the
year. 1918 th estimated outturn for the .
year hs been plneed at 563,000 tons. -kA
Thi Include tb sutra r that wiu oe
Used, for bom eonsumpUod: which is
estimated to "have been in excess of .
13,000 ton last year. It doe not, 1
k.' i l..lnk Ik. taA.Ml inl,i e-
V as wuwb m $ '
i hav' not '"-J $ ,
Thus far V
th tdtal i -
from Honolulu i'lantation.
Shiptnenta of the old crop
yet oeen xuny cienreii up.
ther-total 686.270. too aad
shipments will prove to be not far
rrom mo,ouo tone. This also dons not -
inelnde the shipments of refined sugar i
from Honolulu Plnatatloa which were , '
Inst year larger thaa the normal. The
rompatieon, therefore, i for rrop.
of about 00,000 ton less than thalOlT'
crop which - may vary 10,000 tons
either way,:;',, .'; v
Shipments of the new erop thus far ,'
total 16,829 ton up to- and including
January 9. As against this there had ;
beea shipped to the aame ' date - last '
year 21,000 tons. Thus th shipments
of the new erop are about eighty per-:'
cent' of what, they Vera last year on
n crop which may be expected to be
about So percent aa large as th 1917
crop. - ' ', . .'
Shipping faeilitiea tho far, while
they 'have been ; iadefinit and aome-'
what uncertain ' and unsettled, have
been, it, ia evident, not wholly unsatis
factory to th local shippers and there
ar indication that condition will
soon be manifestly Improved. Shippers
yesterday said the shipping board was1, -evidently
undertaking to do it part
had to meet its promise that bottoms '
td ' carry Hawaianv sugar proluet
would be "forthcoming. . It is true that ';
soma of thee vessels, at the outset at
least, will be sailing craft and this
will make arrival at market somewhat '
andcrtain, it i true, bat will mean the
moving of the crop in the fend. Laser ,
It ia hoped nnd in aome circles expect
ed, that aome of the newly constructed
shipping from the Pacific Coast yards
will:- go into ' service between ,. th Is-
land and the sugar markets and great-i
ry improve and facilitate freight move- j
rnent. . ---. " .
It -wa learned yesterday that ar- '
rangemente ar' in progress between
the, representatives ' of local shippers .' '
nd the shipping board which will re
move all doubts as to how and when
th erop is to ho moved. Those ar
rangements, it is said, are progressing
well bat arc not yet ready for -announcement.
They will be, it is ex
pected, as satisfactory is can be asked
for, the war. tiroes and with demand
for shipping such as it Is on the At
lantic Ocean.
', There still remains a good deal Of
uncertainty aa to what shipping fa
eilitiea, if any, are to be supplied for
an water shipments to toe Eastern
market. If there is to be no such fa
cilities or, if they ar not sufficient to
carry all of . the Eaatern sugar, then
it Will mean a considerable additioa
to freight costs, for boat and rail will
be several dollars a too higher than '
will be nil water shipments.
Aafct there is much uncertainty
attaching to th sugar industry and
probable profits. There ar still a num
ber of agencies that are at sea as to
a number or the war tax provisions, s- " j
peeialW those which relate to the ques- i - !
lion of invested capital. To determine , 1
these 'questions several of the sugar ' jI V
nompanie have retained the aervice , . i
of.Balph 8. Johnstone, the former ae- . 4 K
ting collector of internal revenue her -: i f
a aa expert adviser. ( ' -It
Already some of the companies have .
laid- their plans for reduction of divl- ,','''),V
den da by declaration of. , lower rates i
whjle others are counting on letting -such
reductions come through the dee- v ' .
laratlon of fewer or smaller extra div
idends or both, None of the plants- ' ."
tions are expecting a year that will '
be .in any. way commensurate with V." ', .
either 1917 or 1W. ' :
' .1... . u.".
All of the new teacher employed
for the new year by the school board
hav now arrived and will assume their
hew duties within the next several
days. Five who arrived this week
from California are: The Misses Kate
Feeny and Bose Bchrepfer, who will
teach at Mahaweli and Kolna, island
of Kauai respectively j Miss Laura
Wins, to teach at Keahua, island of
Manl; the Misses Mary Elliott aad
Juanlta Melvin, who will be assigned
to schools on the island of Hawaii.
' When you have a troublesome cough,
it does not mean that you have con
sumption or that you are golag to have
It, but.it doestmeso that your lungs are
threatened, aad it is just aa well to be
eo the safe side and take Chamber
IbIb'c Cough Remedy before it ie too
late. For sale by all dealers.' Benson,
Smith ft Oo., Ltd., agents for Hawaii.
', ': '-' V

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