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vtibNOLOLUHAWAII TERRITORY. .TUESDAY,'
FEBRUARY 26, 1918. SEMI-WEEKLY.
WHOLE NUMBER I 4716
' - V'v ' ' 1 . ' . '
Japan Is Reported Prepared To
Take Steps In Siberia For the
Protection of the Orient and
Ready For Action
GOES TO VLADIVOSTOK
Disturbances In Mongolia Threa
ten To Spread and Precaution!
Must Be Taken Against Possi
ble Bases. For Raiders
LONDON, February 26 (As
sociated Press) Japan is
ready to take action for the pro-
tectiori of the Orient against pos
sible Teutonic activities in Sibe
ria, according to despatches that
have reached here from Harbin.
At the same time, the United
States has already moved to pre
vent the use of the harbor of Vla
v divostok as a submarine or raid
ing base by Germans acting with
Russian sanction. This last news
comes by way of Tokio.
The Tokio reports state (hat
the flagship of the American Asi
atic squadron has already, left or
' Vladivostok,.-where ( M ihlsttr
Francis and his party willbe taki
tn;b6flErd-; fOTt'e.ctio'n.- The
tic passengers, and ? return', to
guard the RussiatT port.
Harbin despatches announce
that the Japanese are on the point
of taking steps against Siberia,
on the ground that the Entente
relies upon Japan to preserve the
peace of the Orjent and that al
ready the internal disturbances
north of Mongolia threaten the
order of the entire East. Japan,
reports Harbin, has been long
preparing to step in should the
Russian debacle result in a sepa
rate peace With Germany and
leave Russia as. a base of supplies
for the common enemy.
The plans of the Japanese, ac
cording to report, include the cut
ting of the Trans-Siberian rail
road to prevent a German reor
ganization of the line making it
useful as a grain carrying system
into Germany via Russia and to
prevent the use of the Pacific
ports by German raiding forces.
WIN HIGH PRAISE
Large Caliber Ordnance In Use
On Western Front and In
Italy With Success '
WASHINGTON, February 2 (Aa
sociateit Preea) Beporta of auceeaaful
uae of big guna manufactured in the
United States in two theaters of war
in Europe help to refute aome of the
recent charge of a "fall down" in the
Numbera of American built ord
nance, of the heaviest types and of
the lateat model are now in aervice in
more than one sector of the Western
front, held by Americans. There are
ten, twelve and fourteen inch rifles
ami their work gives aatisfaction to,
the Americans and la much admired
liv French artillery experts.
Among the guna aent to Italy to stem
the assaults of the Austro German
forces were a number of American
built, fourteen inch guns. These have
received much praise from the Italian
TOKIO, February 25 (Special to
Hawaii Hhinpo) Deipatohes printed in
the papers of Japan today tell of an
encounter between a Japaneae torpedo
boat destroyer and a Teuton submarine
in whli'h the submarine waa sunk.
AMERICAN BIG GUNS
.' Lives i.??
Eight' Deaths Reported In Day
V Sounds Like Heavy Casualty
List But Thousands Are Now
' Engaged In Aviation
WABHIITGTON, February 26 (Ai
oeiaied Pwm)-Aviation Is rctpoact
ble . for . eight deataa reported to ke
wn 4partent yesterday. Taa toll
aeana Urge but when comparad with
a day'i fatalitlM in automobillng (t
Oeaetal Perth ing yeaterday reported
the death of one lieutenant and foer
radete la the aviatloa eorpa. Hla re
port doeo not mjt whether the fatftli
tte occurred in aetion or aa the reault
Cadet It. E, Mull waa burned to death
following an accident to hia plane yea j
terday, pallaa, Teiaa, deapatchea aatd.l
The moat prominent of the ariatore '
te die waa Cadet Franklin Fairehlld,
aon f Bepreaentative Fairehlld of
New York. Fort Worth deapatchea re
ported hia death on Saturday.
Edward Loughran of New York, am
Araerieaa Iyer with the French air
eorpa, waa killed in an aerial combat
eeroaa tha German linea.
Loughran,' Bring over the Genua
linen, waa attacked hj four Teuton
battle planes. He gnre them a atMt
battle and when he fell, it waa Uuide
the French line.
RAUV ON TEUTONS
United States Patrol Gives Good
Account of Itself In Chemin
0e$ Dames Sector Taking
prisoners and Machine gun
AMIWQTON, February (A-
eocjated Preee)Amertcea v force'' Jo
Weate 4rtrt-ro-erfTisMr wood
eamaft el themselves ana. are making
their preeenewalt by tk emsiny.
Delayed despatches front the Ameri
can 'front riven-out by the war depart
ment yesterday i ten or an eany ram
on the enemy "a trenehee on (Satur
tit raid waa ' participated in by
Amerrtsa and French patrola jointly
and penetrated several hundred yards
into the German Jlaea. Two German
officers, twenty men and a machine
gun were captured. -
Further tndleatioa, eame yesterday of
the German intention to smash heavi
ly into the French front sectors now
held partially or wholly by Americans.
Sharp fighting baa taken place dur
ing the last twenty-tour hoars at t be
min des Dames. A. number of the en
emy have been killed and wounded.
No casualties to the American troops
are reported. Twenty-two Germans
have been taken in the last day on
Announcement that the British forc
es In Mesopotamia have captured Kba
na Buryat was made last night in
London official reports which added
that comparatively little opposition
was being offered in that sector by the
Losses In Killed and Wounded
Are Lowest In Months
' m-l i
LONDON, February 88 (Aasocisted
Press) i-lad lasting the lull in activities
along- the1 Western front and the de
fensive policy - largely adopted by the
British la that, theater, at the same
time measuring the degree of resist
ance which la being offered by . the
Turka la Palestine, the official report
of the war office .of losses for the week
ending 1 last Saturday la the smallest
reported la many months.
Total casualties among the British
forces for the week ending February
IS are reported to have been 3371.
Twenty-four officers and 730 men lost
their lives in aetion or as a result of
wounds received in aetion.
Beventy-sevea officers and 2724 men
ave been wounded in notion or are
reported as missing.
FISHERS MAY CLEAR
WASHINGTON, February 28 (As
sociated Press) Secretary of Com
meree Redfield has issued an order to
the customs aervice to allow Canadian
fishing beats to enter and clear fro
American ports for the Atlantic fishing
banks. The United States government
has asked Canada for reciprocal ae
tion, hoping to stimulate the produc
tion of fisb.
LOSSES FROM QUAKE
A MOT, February 85 (Associated
Press) Ten thousand persons are dead
as the result of a recent earthquake in
the Amor hinterland, according to des
patches from Swatow.
WHERE U. S.
tr"; 1,11 1 1 ; ".. 1 g
With American forces holding a sec TtiLXlHgcV - W7 iV Hn1y JI I
to of the rrench from between rilrey mllv-4 '.tt"t.Jt i tTl VlV ?!& t)i
uA flchepray (Indicate In the map ulXiW MY I
by uw sxrow), n U aum.d that as XrTO f- ' .JwSfe' WHrittUdt
fa1 as additional units hae completed sfXA JR$XJ?&X fy ' U I
thir training in rrance they will be rVFVMTS Vttl!li5',,rv1 V
place om the front between Verdun "qfcOjf tfSc5i?J'rtra5i,sNl I A I
U the .wis. border. MfJCStM I
Aocordlng to deapatchea from ths ' t'Vj 2rvV .XdPS J
America front, the German tranches ''"Ji. REWirtlpIlT . Sn. i-W'V 5
U plaoes are only forty yards from the s ' "JP . tlrAXi A'JLm 17 1 V
poeltlons held by United States troops. f J&l 3a It A. f5l III
i auua sua s enau oi monnxams parallels crAivMsreicvC n a"l,ivc'V. II f A
the batUs Unee te the Swiss frenUer. K.m. mr 'Jrlitn. i1"!"! A I 1 AyiWeC
By to on ad the difficult character of lj&tttLJ Vr5t't,ocb f ftif
, thr terrain tt is expected hard fight- Aip, . jf JST l-Mtifom
Ing wUl derelop. In which the lndirt- . k $ jf.s rL UtawK Xiai&r
dual agraatveneaa and Initiative of Vif
A tKa Amarlrsn uMlar will rlva im t)i . X fLftl? 'V if , I'V M Mf MUinaCIS6llaK S
FORTY r.lAY SURVIVE 1 m:M
i h ekxHi i an run n liqxb tiimns ne
:so8i aianouig uos -yongsiae
v. Reports JVlaoy Survivors
of "Stranded Ship
ST. JOHN, New Foundland, Febru
ary tftU-f Associated Press) After nriir-
tieally all hope for the passenger find
crew of the British steamer Flnri7.pl,
which Went ashore on Sunday twenty
miles .north of Cape Tace, had been
abandoned, forty of them have e'Braped
death and Will be rescued by the steam
er Prospard which has wirelessed thnt
she is lying almost alongside and will
care for. the survivors.
It la said'that very few of the pns
sengers lire among the survivors. Some
members of the Royal British Flying
corps, returning to their homes in
Csnada Were among the passengers, the
others being mostly merchants and
The Floritel went aground while try
ing to buck its way into port atrainst
a raging Wind from the Northwest
which swept a blinding snow and sleet
storm before It. Most of those lost are
dead from exposure though some were
drowned, no longer able to hold on to
the froaen rigging, and numbers of
bodies were washed ashore.
THEY LOVE "GRINGOES"
Snipers Work On Borders and
Tampico Reports Outrages
WASHINGTON, February 28 (As
sociated Press) Reports of Mexican
outrages from the border and in from
Tampico were received yesterday.
Snipers ore reported busy along the
border In despatches from El Paso.
Capt. Joseph Mark of the mounted pa-,
trol guards along the Rio Orange River
was shot 'in the leg on Saturday by
snipers who fired from mesquite bush
concealment across he river. A troop
er, also of the border patrol, is report
ed missing and searching parties are
seeking his body, believing he has been
picked off by Mexicans.
Tampioo reports tell of the wound
ing of four Americans on an oil vessel.
These include Edward House, paymas
ter of the Texas Oil Company and J.
H. Mennett, the wounds of the latter
being reported' to be serious.
DANISH SHIP LOSf
AN ATLANTIC PORT, February 2fl
f Associated Press) The Danish
steamer Frannuebar has boon lost in
the storm which for several davs has
raged off the Atlantic coast. Seven
teen members of the crew were rescued
at sea by an American steamer.
REVOLT IS SHORT
HAN JOSE, Costa Rica. February 2.1
(Associated Press) The incipient
revolution) which broke out Saturday
and developed alarmingly yeBterdav,
has been crushed, although reports only
a short time ago said it was sprending
fast. Order has been restore.
Plotter, Is Started In Sah fnfi
8AV FRANCIW.'O, February 2fi
(Associated Press) Israel Weinberg, n
jitney bus driver yesterday was
brought from the county jail where he
has spent the last nineteen months
without bail and was put on trial for
the second time, over the objections
of tbe prosecution, on a murder charge
growing out of a bomb explosion here
Weinberg was acquitted November
27, last, by a jury which deliberated
twenty minutes, of one of nine mur
der charges originally brought against
him. Applications for his release on
bail were granted by two judges be
fore whom six of the remaining charges
were pending, but were refused by
Superior Judge r rank il. Dunne, in i
whose court two indictments were 1
brought. A writ of habeas corpus for !
release on bail was refused also by the
state district court of appeal. '
District Attorney Charles M. Firk
crt, whose office conducted four pre
vious murder trials which grew out of
the explosion, contended that Welti
berg should not be tried the second
time until the state supreme court hail
decided upon the pendi'ng appeal of
Thomas .1. Mooney, another defendant
in the bomb murder cases, from a
death sentence imposed upon him.
Superior Judge (leorge H. Caba
uiss, before whom Weinberg's trial
begun today, decided last week that
the defendant "was entitled to a
speedy trial; that he was not concerned
with the outcome of the Mooney ap
peal. ' '
Family Is Considered
"Weinberg is in the county jail,
once acquitted," Judge Cubaniss said.
"He is unable to support his family,
and has been denied bail. Mrs. Reuii
Moouey, also acquitted of one charge,
has offered to waive her right to a re
trial in favor of Weinberg bocause he
has a family ami she has no one need
ing her support. ' '
Mrs. Mooney is the wife of Thomas
J. Mooney. She was acquitted of one
of the murder charges against her iu
connection with the blast. She also has
been held for the last nineteen months
in jail without bail. Efforts of coun
sel to persuade Judge Dunne to grant
tier release on bond were unavailing.
Story of Tragedy
Shortly after two o'clock on the af
ti'riiooti of July 22, 1916, occurred the
bomb explosion out of which grew the
Mooney, Hillings, and Weinberg mur
der cases that attracted worldwide at
tent ion to San Francisco. A parade ad
vocating national preparedness wus iu
progress when the bomb exploded
Several men and women were killed in
stantly. Other persons died subse
que lit Iv, and the finul total of dead
was ten. Forty other persons wero in
jured. Mooney. Mrs. Mooney, and Warren
K. Hillings, who had taken prominent
parts in labor agitation in California,
were arrested several days later. Wein
berg's arrest followed, as did that of
i:.li' J (J. Nolan, an official of the
Han Francisco machinists' union. No)
an is the only one of the five who has
not yet been tried. He aleo was the
only defendant granted release on bail.
BilHna-s Tried First
Billings was the first defendant tried.
He was convicted and is serving a life
imprisonment at Folsom prison. His
appenl waa carried to the Supreme
Court, and denied. Mooney, tried next,
was sentenced to death. Execution of
this sentence was stayed by the appeal
now before the Supreme Court. Mrs.
Vooney and Weinberg were acquitted.
Many ramifications resulted 1ft the
directing of world wide attention to
ward the trials. Labor unions through
out the country and Europe were ap
penled to go on the ground that money
was needed to obtain able counsel. In
the Tetrograd revolution, which caused
the fall of Caar Nicholas, revolution
tsts carried banners which cited th
case or Mooney as an alleged example
ri.Mi T,i 1 1. 1 1
I his and interest displayed by labor
unions, resulted in an investigation by
a mediation commission appointed bv
President Wilson in connection with
other disturbances. This commission
was headed by Secretary of Labor Wil
liam B. Wilson, and included Dr. Felix
Franfurter, former professor tt juris
prudence at Columbia University, later
connecteil with the faculty of Harvard
I'niversity. In its report to the Presi
dent, the commission recommended that
Mooney be granted a new trial, and
suggested that bis re trial could be held
on one of the remaining murder charges
uyninst him. The President after re
ceiving the report, wrote a letter to
Oevernor Stephens, of California, but
the contents of the letter will not be
divulged until the Supreme Court de
f'iir the pending appeal, according to
Charges of irregularity in the prose
cution of the trials led to an election
for the recall of District Attorney
Fickert, who was reelected.
Women In Panel
An anMe that added interest to
Weinberg's trial yesterday was the ap
pearance of women on the jury panel
for the first time in an important ease
in California. A State law definitely
specifying that women may sit on su
perior court juries became effective
FOLLOWED BY CHARGES
WASHINGTON. February 26 (As
sociated Press) Profiteering met with
a severe rebuke which fell with start
ling effect yesterday when the fed
eral trade commission filed thirty-eight
complaints of unfair practises and rec
ommended prosecutions by the depart
uient of justice.
The report of the federal trade com
mission follows a long series of in
vestigations and is in some waya pre
liminary to further reports, some of
which are promised in the near fu
IN ON PETROGMB
.dvance Armies Are Within One
Hundred and Sixty Miles
Indications Multiply War Lords
Are Already Planning :
LONDON, February 26 (Associated Press) German forces are: ,
within H0 miles of Petrograd. The capture of Pskov' i an
nounced from Berlin in official reports which were received list.' ; .'
night. Revel is fully occupied by the Teuton forces the same of5?V
cial report declares. . ; . , . 1
Chaotic conditions in Russia
the news despatches of yesterday.
Germany is already making plans
overthrow of the Bolsheviki having
struction and to her own advantage so far as possible arid to a"period
when they have become a menace to Germany ' and to ' Austria ,
through the propaganda that may be spread through returned pria-,' -oners
and through anarchistic and ultra-radical forces in Germanry
and in Austria. It is reported Germany plans for a restoration 'oC '
the monarchy. Empress Alexdra, the former Czarina who is,'
daughter of Ludwig IV, the grand duke of. Hesse, is reported "tcr,1":;
be favored. ' m - - '
DICTATOR IS PROCLAIMED , ',
In contravention jjf the report that Russia has yielded andHas' ';
sent emissaries' to accept the German peace terms came the jrepor
that. General Bruie vich has been appointed tommandefrin-chief of:; V ;'
Ttbe Russian army in place, of Ensign Krylenlto "who is reported'to ';
nave -oeenwounaeo.-an ne.necu nrea py avoocuiisr..asias5in,jj'- i
ftat AW iWt'c ariu . I:'-'"
that all RussiaM.must imite to defend to the death- their homes and ? '
firesides from the tnvaderv -.-v. . -, .,;( "'.."";,.
Lenine is said td1 have expressed the hope the Germans will not
fight against the Russians and in this hope slight lubstantiatlofi
comes in the report from a Bolshevist telegraph agency. tb,at! 20,000 '
roops of Germany refused to attack the Russian forces and mutinied ; -against
the orders. On the other hand the same report ay .thfe
Polish troops take flight without resistance on the approach of the
Teutons. i ,
GERMANY SEES END CLEARLY ; V C:
Germany is confident the end .of Russian resistance is near and ,
the reports of the advances made by its troops seem to warrant thr"
confidence. Berlin reports said that von Hertling yesterday 1 told r ,
the reichstag that the Russians had accepted the peace term i '
tated bv Germany and the "conclusion of a peace' must ensue -shortly".
.', - . '
In addition to the capture of Revel and Pskov Berlin claims' to
h;ie occupied Pernau and Dorpat, taking 30,000 prisoners, whom,' ':
they merely disarmed and the advance guard Under General von. "v, ' '
Linsingen has reached Zhitomar. ,
PLANS FOR MONARCHY
Despatches to the London Morning Post declared that Ger- ':';v
many is already showing her intention of restoring a monarchy in . .,f '
Russia and crushing the republican form of government there.
The Grand Duke of Hesse has been appointed commander pi V' ,
the Riga section of the German front, and the Posts advices are
that he is a candidate for the Russian throne. It is uncertain what 1 .
Germany plans to do with the Romanoffs. - ' ,'' '','
The Russians as a whole will not accept the monarchy, says' the "
Post's despatch, which declares that'"the Bolsheviki have provided ,'
a government of pure despotism as a way for a return to monarchy
DIPLOMATIC SITUATION PRECARIOUS " V, ","'
Sharing in the general Russian chaos is the diplomatic situation , "
in Petrograd, which is changing hourly. Some of the. diplomats,
hoping that a turn for the better will come, are still here, i A' COO; (
ference has been held between the American embassy and theiem- V
bossies of the Allied nations and some of the latter may remain '. it
the capital. , r-X ';
The general belief is that the German terms musV.be Reared
up before the actual status of Russia, as a belligerent, a ndtral of
an ally of the Entente, can be determined. Some members of 'the ; . '
embassy staffs have already gone. Others are preparing to leave
by Siberia, and with them will be many citizens of the Allied nations;
who have been in Russia, largely at Petrograd, under' the protection
of their embassies.
Premier Lenine of the Bolsheviki government hag declared bis
belief that though Russia must now bow to Germany, the "prole- ,
tariat" or working classes of Europe will not allow Germany to
impose its will on Russia. This statement was made in an address
to the executive committee of the All-Russian Council of Workmen's
and Soldier delegates.
"Germany knows that our position is helpless," said Lenine. Ho
urged the acceptance of the German peace terms but declared; "The
proletariat will come to our aid".
IDLERS ARE REBUKED
WASHINGTON, February 23 (As
sociated l'ress) Senator McCumber of
North Dakota in tbe upper house to
liny declared that it la estimated 6,
000,000 men in the United btates are
doing practically nothing in the war.
' ' The death of our Soldiers due to de
luys are chargeable to members of con
gress as well aa idlers and slackers
throughout the count," he declured.
are more than ever reflected In'; " ,
There are ample indications th&p- '. '. '
and. plotting for the complete
used them, to their own de-';
PEKING, February 15 Aaaolatel
Press) A conspiracy haa bees? rn
down to assassinate Gea. Twaa Chi Jill,
and three Japaaeae and aeveral ethers
have been arrested. The alleged plot
was promoted by meaarehistt who
would avenge the defeat lae July ef
Gen. Chans; Hsun, who tried to reatora
the Manehu monarchy. Gen. Tuaa Chi
Jui led the force which defeated,