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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE. ' FRIDAY, ! MARCH 1. - P18. .SEMI-WEEKLY;"V,r
THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE
rcslrkk o. MAmsoN, editor
MARCH 1, 1918.
THE ADVERTISER'S SEMI WEEKLY
A World Debate
'EJltlsRDAY'S response ot Chancellor von
frtlin tb 'rrestflent 'Wilson and Premier
i v Lloyd ltorge another demonstration that Presi
! Aent 4Wiori by h frank exposition of war aims
has started a great international debate, with the
governmental heads of the greatest nations as
Fpeakerf find with the entire world as an audience.
Fremkr" Lloyd George spoke on the Kntentc war
. alms On January 7, heing followed the next day by
- PresWeut Wilson, who laid down the war aims"
of the United States in such explicit language that
none could fail to understand. Count Czernin, for
Austria, discussed these late in January and again
early' in February, and Chancellor Ilertling took
them,uj in part sooh afterwards. On February 12,
Preseut VjUon again addressed a join session
. of congress, explaining once more the American
position and pointing out where Czernin and von
r Ilertling appealed to misunderstand.
i Yesterday the German chancellor presented his
side again, and made it evident that he is begin-
ping to grasp some part at least of the facts the
; Entente and the United States arc proclaiming.
Discussing this, after the President had last
i; spoken, the Chicago Tribune says:
"President Wilson is putting classical diplomacy
in its grave. In place of the keen fencing of chan-
v celleries he gives the world a public debate be
tween picked representatives of the contestants
, with the 'opinion of mankind' as judge or jury.
: , "It is an imaginative and masterful device, ex
pressive of that further democratization of the
rorld whjch is to be perhaps the chief result of
the war. Mr. Wilson refuses to be shut up in the
' closet of professional diplomacy, lie intends to
,' do hi talking in public so that every one may
know what the war is about and what peace can
1 be got for. Lenine and Trotzky were no more
embarrassing in method and, as it seems to be
turning out, they were not as ruthless in determi
' nation. It is not they but the bourgeois Wilson
' 'who is making an end of 'secret diplomacy'.
'., "It is indeed one of the ironies of history that
even as radical Russia with its mouth full of the
assertions of internationalism is making a sepa
, rate peace with militarist Germany, the 'bourgeois'
' president of 'capitalist America is pledging it to
a war to the end for a 'new international order'
Passports to Hawaii
THE way of official Washington with Hawaii
"passeth all understanding", and the latest
stunt is by no means the least puzzling. Accord
ing to the state department, apparently well under
stood and strictly enforced in the east, intending
passengers for Honolulu arc required to secure
passports, just as. much as they do if they intend
to travel to Japa:i or some other foreign land,
while passengers for Hawaii from west of the
divide do not hac to secure passports at least
t'hey do not as yet.
Why this is none seems able to find out. None
will tell. Hut that it is so and must be done they
insist, with the agents of the steamship companies
refusing to issue tickets until passports are pro
duced. Such a ruling, if insisted upon, will knock a
gxxi part of the expected tourist travel from the
east. In addition it will cause endless embarrass
ment to residents of Hawaii now visiting in the
east, as the average resident of this American Ter
ritory does not travel wfth his birth certificate
and his photograph and his other proofs of citizen
ship with him.
Let's hope the genius who evolved the passport
plan for enforcement in the east will not be able
to extend it to the west before the whole thing
can be cleared up and dissolved.
founded upon 'essential peace' in the adjustment
of claims and upon the 'self determination' of
'."Whatever may be thought of the prospects of
establishing this new order, Unquestionably pre
sents.!.' loftiest conception of international rela
) tions existing among statesmen today, and one
which appeals strongly to the innate pacifism and
idealism of the American people. At the same time
if is well for Mr. Wilson to avoid, as he does
'. explicitly in his reply, the inference that the Amer
. ican. government has any wish to interfere in the
" territorial or other readjustments of Europe or
, , that he considers the more concrete suggestions
made in previous recent utterances as more than
tentative. As Mr. Wilson says: 'She (America) is
quite ready to be shown that the settlements she
has suggested are not the best or the most endur
ing. They are. only her own provisional sketch of
. principles and of the way in which they should be
"What the President insists, and has the sup
port Of the nation, and we believe of its allies, in
' "insisting, is that this most destructive and inex
" cusable of conflicts shall not end merely with a
readjustment of the old elements of international
disturbance, but that peace shall be brought about
by, a recognition that relations can be stabilized
- and wars made less inevitable only by a general
acceptance' of some code of right which shall be
supported by the consensus of international opin
ion and enforced by the common sanction of free
"'She, (America) cannot see her way to peace
Until the causes of this war are removed, its re-
newal rendered as nearly as may be impossible.
The war had its roots in the disregard of the rights
of small nations and of nationalities. Covenants
must ito.w be entered into which wilj render such
thingi Impossible for the future: and those cov
nantsv must be backed by the united force of all
' the pations that love justice and are willing to
maintain it at any cost.'
VMfi' Wilson takes a long step away from Wsh-
' ingtOn's maxim in this statement. That the Amer
ican public realize its full implications we do not
" believe. But there is not much doubt it represents
the inevitable tendency of our international devel
opment which has carried us, willy nilly, into the
' midstream of world events. That we could afford
to Stay out of a general guaranty of the principles
outlined m Mr. Wilson s address is not likely, aryl
certamly American idealism and optimism dis-poso'iift-
to tlintw our weight in favor of any
experiment in t he evolution of international rela
tions founded on law and devoted to peaceful ad
justmeiit of differences.
', ;. ''The President's reply to Ilertling and Czernin
will be interpreted in Kun.pc as an adroit attempt
to detach Austria from iermany, and this reilt
rntght be hoped for if the message were more
widely available to the Austro-l Iungarian army
and people. Hut it is interesting to parallel it with
the .Kaiser's address on the conclusion of peace
with the Ukraine: 'We desire to live in friendship
'. with neighboring peoples, but the victory of Ger
man arms must be recognized. Our troops under
th great liiudenburg will continue to win it.
yhen. peace w ill conic'."
A War Corporation
THE bill recently introduced in congress for
the creation of the "War Finance Corpora
tion" with a capital stock of five hundred million
dollars, all of which is to be subscribed by the
United States, should be regarded, says Secretary
of the Treasury McAdoo, primarily as a measure
to enable the banks, both national and State banks
and trust companies, to continue to furnish essen
tial credits for industries and enterprises necessary
or contributory to the prosecution of the war.
The government has made and is making
through the Liberty Loans such large demands
upon the lendable capital of the country that the
banks, often have been prevented from giving
needed help to private enterprises, some of which
are performing vital service in connection with
The War Finance Corporation is designed as a
war measure to give relief from this condition dur
ing the period of the war and Secretary McAdoo
asserts that the mere existence of the corporation
would of itself do so much to maintain confidence
that its actual aid would be necessary only in rcla-j
lively lew cases.
Giving Up the War
THE neurotic of both sexes (professional and
amateur alike) are fearful about the present
tate of the war. Sometimes, say Collier's, it is a
speech in the senate or a long interview with some
tourist just back from France or a stray letter in
the newspaper, but the tone is always the same.
France is gallantly bleeding to death with a
niteous smile on her classic features; Italy is brok
en and subjugated; Great Britain doggedly holds'
on. hoping against heartsick hope that the United
States will save the Allies from impending extinc
tion, etc., etc., until the particular alarmist in
question has exhausted his vocabulary. Collier's
has done what it could toward urging our nation
to play an adequate part in the war. (Sometimes
one thinks that almost any sort of lire alarm Muft
is justified if only it will stir our people to quicker
action. The sooner we strike and strike hard the
more lives w? will save.) Hut there is no u-e t;ik-
iii(r a lilind-eve view of what is Loiuu on. Of the
j;reat pow ers in Europe. ( lermany's situation is by I
much the most miserable, the burden on her peo-!
pie is by far the heaviest. More "victories" on
those unimportant fronts where victory is possible
always mean more burdens for the German peo
ple. France has risen to ber lull national power,
greater now than ever, and by jailing I'.olo, Cail-
laux, and that whole venomous tribe die has estab
lished her strength for the duration of the war.
Italy is united now in her reverses, has balked the
invader, and will help overcome him. Great Bri
tain is organized for the war far better than (ier
many because the people themselves are in the
thing and know it is for their own cause. The
great and horrible Allied industry of killing Ger
mans on the western front never ceases day or
right. Control of the seas and that slow, increas
ing grind of death are certain to down the Teu
tonic allies in time. It will do so if only France
r.nd Great Britain stay in the war. It is Germany
that is bleeding to death, Germany that is desper
ately hanging on and seeking some way out. The
Kaiser yells victory because Ins people must not
know that. Whv should our whinets play his
game for him?
The suggestion of the Governor to the -ecrctary
of the interior that the v ital prov ision of the home
? leading law be eliminated, as announced yester
dav. is interesting. Not the least interesting thing
about it is the date of the cable, which i- Mav 12.
The legislature refused to interfere with the land
law and adjourned on .May - I lie ('veriior ougnt
o explain why he failed to take up In- extremely
retrogressive ideas before the legi-latuie when it
was in session two weeks before he tabled, and
also why he took the very important matter m his
own bauds nearly a year ago and oiilv announce
it now? Has the Governor any more exposures of
I iniself to make before he steps out ,,i otlicc.
Robert Puukl haa been reappointed
magistrate for tha district of Kawai
hau, Kauai, by tha Governor.
Paroles have been,, granted by the
prUon board to. George Kaal, Gloria
.Inan and Benjamin Amina, and a par
dun and restoration to foil rights ha
been given to Bert Falm'r.
Licensor to control traffic iu expln
sives on the other islands' an- to be ,
named by W. K. Hdbb, who wan re j
ccntlv appointed licensor for the Terii .
tory by the fetleral government. I
F. .1. I.owcry haa been appointed ex
ecutor of the estate of the late Cherilla !
I,. I.oarey without bond. With the I
execution of a number of small be I
quests the estate ia left to the niilow
bv the term of tha will.
The Bishop Trust Company has filed
a petition with the registrar, of public
accounts asking permission to amend
the charter so that a board of twelve
director rnay be eatablished instend of
the present seven.
Mrs. It. W. Oonsalve. who nn out
on a suspended sentence of thirteen
months, and t recently arrested in
rnnnection with a stabbing affray, was
sentenced to one year 'a imprisonment
in the police court yesterday morning.
George H. Virara, who ia in charge
of the eolleetion of Held and opern
glasses anil telescope aa ''eyes for the
nnvy," on the Island of Hawaii, has
reported from Hilo to Col. .1. Walter
.Tones that many responses have been
nuitlc on the Big Island.
A cablegram received yesterday
morning by Maj. Franlt I.. I'utnam. M.
K. ('.. informed bim that his mother,
Nfrs. V. M. Putnam, hat! passed away
in California. Maior Putnam, who v
stationed at the Kort Shaffer depart
ment hospital, is a brother in law of
I.ieut. Cyril Damon, V, N. R.
Detail of the recent federal investi
nation of the cooperative delivery plan
have been received here and will be
laid before about a dozen business
firms which may adopt the system, for
a trial. The campaign, with the new
details, will he resumed among busi
Following verbal eaceytions which
were entered in tk criminal libel cases
against Kichard H. Trent, head of the
Trent Trust Company, and Roderick
O. Matheson, editor pf The Advertiser,
when the court reeeatly ruled on de
murrers, exceptiona have been formal
ly filed in the case with the circuit
Ito. the .lapanese whrnn D. C. Huick
is alleged to have wounded several
months ago has aufflcientlv recovered so
he will be able to appear before the
grand jury next Friday and his testi
monv regarding the assault takenj
Hunk has joined the aviation corps,
and has been accepted, since he is ac
cused of attacking1 the Japanese.
Mrs. Mikahala Fulltr, shot through
her cheek last Hunday night by her hua
band, John Fuller, an employe of the
Honolulu Iron Works, who afterwards
committed suicitje, ia rapidly recover
ing from her wound .alt the emergency
hospital. 8he was, able to testify bo-,
for the iotnn&t'm virr ; which investi
gated her husband a 'death yeaterday.
The jury returned a Verdict of suicide.
Three bora, ranging in age from
eleven to fourteen years, are charged
with stealing air rifles, watches and
other trinkets from Chang Ak's store
in Kalihi on last Wednesday. The
goods taken are valued at about sixty
dollars. The boys were seen plnying
with the rifles a fetr'tlays after the
robbery, when they werb upprehended.
TheiT case has been referred to the
As a move in the reclamation worV
iu the district known as the Waiolnnia
extension near Kilo, which has been
declared unsanitary by the board of
health, Acting Superintendent of Pub
lie Works W. K. Hobby has issued no
tiee to 113 property owners and lessees
in the Pouahanai district to put their
property in sanitary condition within
twentv dnvs. It is stated if the own
ers do not comply the work will be
done by the Territory at their expense
Through the efforts of the city de
tective bureau the major portion of
2(10 which hnil I n saved bv the
Beltra family. Filipinos, Wias been re
covered after it hhs lost in a gambling
?ame by Alfonso Keltra, a member of
of the family. Two hundred dollars of
the money wns gotten back in varying
sums from three other Filipinos who
had won it from Alfonso Beltra in
monte game. The three Filipinos have
been booked on a charge of gambling.
The Beltra family had saved the money
with the intention of using it to get
to the Const.
John Doherfy, engineer 0 the PtslSa
(iunno k Fertilizer Company, is home
ngsin convalescing from aa operation,
J. c. Cohen will sail for the ma la
Inn. I on a business trip next Saturday.
Me will be accompanied by Mr. Cohen.
Capt. Robert J. Barr, Firat Infantry,
Schofleld Barracks, waa discharged yea
tenlay under cable instructions from
Washington. The officer was in the in
fantry reserve corps.
V.. S. Aldrieh, president and general
manager of the Uonsolldated Oil la
'tiiieut Co., who has been in Hono
lulu for a short atay, will leava for
the mainland Saturday. .
I you Hnmm Young automobile repair d
I partraent, will leave for a abort btisi
1 ncss trip to San Francisco in the ateam
I or Nfsnoa. He will be absent for about
I three weeks.
Oliver P. Koares and Manuel B. Per
irn were elected by Court Camoea No.
slid. Ancient Order of Foreatera, oh
Tuesday evening as delegates to the
biennial convention of the Subsidiary
High Court to be held ia San Fraaels
co beginning May 14. Court Mauna
Kea No. 8854, A. O. F., haa elected
.riul e Tristan K. M. Osorlo aa its dele
gnte to the same convention.
F.dwin H. Oibb, son of James Gibb.
manager of Honolulu Plantation, ianow
a first lieutenant in Company it, 84 2d
Infantry, Camp Grant, Illinois. He
are up an important position with 3.
H. .White, of Kansaa City, to enter the
K. (). T. C. at Fort Rheridan In August.
At the close of tho camp he received
his commission aa first lieutenant.. He
is a graduate of Punahou, class of 1918
and where he waa prominent in tble.tie
and other school activities.
.Major William 8. Martin, who died
at ('amp Travis, Texas, recently, was
formerly stationed at Schofleld Bar-
racks, with the Fourth Cavalry. During
the Spanish war he entered tha sar
vice as a volunteer ami ia 1901 joined
the Fourth Cavalry, rising from the
ranks to a commission. At the begin
ning of the war he served with the
French, but when America declared
war he returned and was given a com
mission as captain in tha U. 8, Army.
Better Situation In Washington
Follows Quite Remarkable
Period of Criticism
By ERNESt O. WALKJEE
(Mail Special to Tha Advertiser)
WASHINGTON, February 12 War
work of' every worthwhile variety Is
British Subjects On Big Island
Waive Exemption . and ' Be-
come Subject To Call .
Hearr C. Becklev. of Honolulu, is
eonsideriag joining 4tho j JlHttsh caj-
tlngeat scheduled to frve. HobqIiiIu Ms
March 10 for Vancouver and -tola lie
Royal r lytng orps or the Canadian
absorbing tha attention of tha United I drvlce.
States government as never before since I Capt. H. Gooding Field, selecMva draft
ennirress made declaration atrainst Oer- officer, received information from Hilo
many. This status is the aftermath of r'? L a v T V
' ,,. I residing on the Big Island have waived
a quite remarkable period of criticism, tbir. rKimn tot exemption as resident
which period, with ite aaaertiona and I aliens, and also their dependeey
counter assertions after all haa demon-1 claims, and registered for tha draft.
strated very completely that great pro
gress has been recorded toward making
It hot for the Hun in France neit
apriag and summer. There have beea
mistskes and shortcomings, which the
politicians of the opposition have
sought to capitalize. These opposition
efforts burst forth in January, which is
the great month for agitation in Amer
There was special incentive for such
agitation tbia year, because there oc-
Tbey have been placed In Class 1, mak
ing them subject to a, call U service.
They are desiWoaai'sptttitatn Tield
is informed, of getting nermiaston to
leave the Territory for Canada to en
list in the British and Canadian forces.
This question haa now been' taken
np with E. I.. 8. Gordoa, tha British
consul, by the selective draft officer, to
determine whether or not the necessary
permission can be given In View of the
strict requirements of the selective
Ho far, the draft officials have taken
curs a congrewioaal election neat No- ),, gtRnd that all persons classed in
SEIZED ON VONDEL
In revent raids on the Vondel, while
loa. ling at San Francisco preparatory
to sailing for the Dutch Indies, by way
of Honolulu, the police neutrality
squads of Han Francisco succeeded in
uncovering 8000 rounds or ammunition
aboard ttie steamer. As a result of the
discovery, two sailors have been arrest
ed and lodged in the city jail.
While the search on the Vondel waa
being made, police officers raided the
liner fern, bound for Bouts American
porta, and revealed. plot to naanggla
a roantity of -armei t&iljtMUM
into- Mexico. Two oiler of the Para
were: arrested and the ammunition and
COULD USE FAIR SITE
BUT DON'T WANT IT
"No Wonder Pay
Last Very Long!
WASHINGTON. February 12l Aver
age wholesale prices have increased
seventy five percent since the war be
gan, according to a review made pub
lie by the bureuii of labor statistics.
Most of the advance has been within
the last two vchs.
From January to December of 1!M7
the wholesale prices pf farm products
increased thirty nine; percent; food,
thirty two percent; clothing, tweoty
eight perceut; lumber, twenty seven
percent; drills, sixty percent; house
furnishing goods, thirty seven per
cent. Almost the only relief afforded
the householder was ten percent de
creasu, in fuel ami lighting. Metals and
metal products decreased five percent
Ketail prices have fluctuated nt a
relatively lower level than wholesale
prices. Dressed poultry and gra,nuluted
sugar only of twenty eight important
foodstuffs show a laffer percent of ill
crease in the retail than in the whole
PILES CURED IN 6 TO 14 DAYS
PAZO OINTMENT ia guaranteed to
euro blind, bleeding, itching or pro
truding PILES in 6 to 14 days or
money refunded. Manufactured by
the FARIS MLIMCINE.CO., St. iouia,
U- S. A.
Malcolm A. Franklin, IT. S. Collector
of Customs, yesterday notified George
H. Angus, chairman of the fair com
mission, that he had received author
ization from the treasury department
at Washington, to permit use of the
federal' building site for the territorial
fair in June.
This is in answer to a request sent
to the department by the fair commis
sion some time ago, and since the
request was mailed the commission has
decided upon Aala Park as a more de
sirable location and is preparing its
r lion Hawaii Mr. slid Mrs. I, .1 Aa
hlccftrili. K. K. JeuLliiK, K. C. Jeulthm. il
A Wllhcliiil. c. It. Kennedy. XV. Hill, j;
lioHenoerK. .Mr sail Mrs. I'. II. Hurt. Mr.
suil Mso. W. S. Cannon. Mr and Mrs.
A liil'rtoii suit chllil. Mr anil Mrs. II.
.mix. aiihn i.. Jaime son. Mim I, llla-ka,
MIhh M. Todd. a. N Welxiter, sir. and
Mrs. I W ii 1 1 1 1 x'l 1 . I.lt-tilenuut Com
iUHiiler Hint Mrs. I. A Hcutt, I'. V. Mall.
r i-.. nunc, .u i'. rMeci. Irwin Jenkins,
Master II .Icukliis, II A Peterson. Mr,
and Mrs. 1. llHrnanl. Mr. nuil Mrs. J
M Sawyer. Mr ami Mrs. J. A. Kelly, Mr.
Hint .Mrs N r . Hoselisteel, r . H. Hmltli
W. I Fuss. II -. Me.ver. Mrs. Ksne, Mrs
May. vt (' llonl. K. .1. Allen. K. H. Aid
rl. Ii. I Hampton. Mr. ami Mrs. II. J
lctrli. Mr ami Mrs V. K. Ie. Dr. T. 8
WIIhoii. Major llnlciiiiili. J. M Hoss. K
V Vulllk. W. II. Mnlr. II K. Morris.
John Maxam. Ir M .loses. Miss K. (iart
ley. Mrs 1 1. .hall., Mr ami Mrs. A. J
Jackson. Mtx A. V. Murray. Miss It. M
Scott. Miss I. Chapman. Kreil llemlerson
c. II. DIckMou. M. II. Munlcxton. Miss K
i roue. Muster Csstle. Mrs. A. N. Krakiae.
Mrs. M. Marks. rMs. r . p.. Bteerc, lr. A
I.. Iinvis. K. VV. Woileliuus4. A. I.. Hrown,
Mr. ami Mrs. W. II. 1'alnier unit ihUil,
Mr. sml Mrs. K. Itlslcy. Dr. J. A. liar-
rsr. V. M Avery. K. D. Custello, Mr. and
Mrs. A Keiitseu. Mr. soil Mrs. J. U,
Greg-g. Mrs. Iiriio, Mrs. Oka. MIhh 11. Ku
ni-ko Mis. T. llnu lllrainoln. K. K. Irtil
kawa, Iluuiauiuto. Maaura Tsmlo, Mrs. M
A. Moore. Mltm Mmire, Mr. aiul Mrs. K
Fiawasnki nail three children. A. Krettas,
Miss M Kreltas Master A. (ousa. M
sml Mrs. T II. IliickliiKliaiu. Mtas K.
HucktuiiliHin. Miss K. .1. Anderson, Miss
M. I.. lope. Mrs. (leorae ll. Thompson
T. Mullen. Mrs. Koziunl. Miss KoautuL
Kiislilra. Frank Akl Jr.. Kulwta, Clem T
I Ikiiik. . lnkiislilro, Mr. and Mrs. H
Tsksno, Islilila Sekao, D. Keaina, M. T
rnkswa. s. I.enhHrt. H. Huiruno.
Flto.VI MAI I I' II Tonnsley 1.. Tolrl
ner. Miss I). Muyer. Mr. aud Mrs. (I
I'anioka. Mrs. K. Takahaxhl. (leorae J
ItusMcIl, I A. Ilruns. I.. It. Uean. Ii. A
Wctxcl. t-'iaiik AruistroiiK, A. ii. Iliidire,
n. rvai. l Miiciurn. j. v. reruaniies, SI
It. Meilclros. I 1'snnka. Matsuinnt. M
TnkayHiiia. Mr. ami Mrs. lwauiolo and In
fa ill . Mrs Kujliuura. NskhIiIss. M. Kuro
nil ml. Mrs. Kekaws and child. H. Kulto,
Mr. and Mis Tskiimotn and three chil
dren. T (iurakuws, Mrs. H-a. K. Ya
suda. Ily str. President from Ssn Krsnclseo,
r'eliriiiiii 'Jit .1 C. Aimtlu. Mrs. Jack Ra
vin, C. c. llruce. Mlsa Helen ('ohen. W.
D. KKllL.-rl Mrs. MarKaret FerguMin, Miss
Klorir II I'llkln. Mrs. U. I.. Kraser, O. U
Kraser Jr. (I. I. Kraser. Miss It. Vrsser,
Mrs. 'I' I'ltuliiiorl unit children. H. flawae,
Mrs l:.ln (luir. Mlsa K (i rah in. Mrs.
Vjil(r llniiMin. P. 1,. Hunter. Thomas
1 1 it x-1 1 1 1 1 - Mr. Thomas llateltlne. Miss
Helen Mi Iti'iiu. A Koscnliera. Mrs. II.
I'lKlllicrt , I'tiniiuis Hiinlev. Mrs. Thomas
lliiwlci N llraun. In in On. (1. W.
Ilurd. II I I . II 1 1 Mrs. Park Martin. Mr.
Mi Ilea a Mrs Millean. W M. Mlutoo.
Mrs V M Mluton. Mrs Teresa O'llrten,
I P Orr (' W Hi.stfi'lil Thomas Hmlth,
Mls I. siniiley, William Thouipsou. Mrs.
Cluirlcn 'I lei ten A C. Turner, Miss Hilda
Turner, Miss 1 .11 v M Wrhster, Mrs. Ethel
WKkc, Alfred Wilkes.
vember, at which a new house of repre
sentatives will be elected, and at which
also, one third of the members of the
senate will be elected. The house is
almost evenly divided between Demo
erats and Republicans, although the
former have a alight. majority. Demo
erats control the senate by about nine
votes, hut the mortality among Demo
crstic senators haa been very heavy in
the Inst six months and it happens that
deaths have occurred in States with
Republican Governors, these Governors
having the appointment of senators ad
interim till the date of the November
Lack of Isaacs
As partisanship bs been conspicuous
for its absence ia the war proceedings
of congress, there ia an almost utter
lack of Issues for the congressional
campaign, which will be in full swing
within four or live months, yulte i
otouu of ambitious Republicans accord
nglv tried to "start something" and I UOVeied
they made a run on the secretary or
war, Mr. Baker, claiming that he was
not equipping the troops and supplying
ordnance and clothing aa rapidly as
he should he doing. This political en
terprise has been under way for the
best part of a month and haa foenssed
public, attention upon the United
States where the Republicans iu ques
tion were operating.
The minority had the assistance and
cooperation chiefly of two Democratic
scnatora, of a faction that has not been
entirely in accord with the White
House. Senator Chamberlain and Sen
ator Hitchcock, both of the military
affaire committee, the former the chair
man, have not stood well with Fresi-
tier IWileon resented, be in kepi
on tho autslrte. , There were lew otn
era of thia Democratic faction but near
ly all of them have come inaide the
fold as .the discussion waxed hot and
aa the friends of the administration
made known convincing farts about the
magnitude of operations against the
Germans and to aid the Allies
Notwithstanding all the partisan
Class 1 must be physically examined
by the proper medical examining
boards, and will still be retained in
Class 1. Otherwise their atatna will not
be changed, and they also may not be
allowed to depart.
No restrictions have been placed on
registrants in the deferred class! flea
tion lists by the selective draft author
ities, as the first call in the event, of
an announced quota for men of Hnwn
ii would come from Class 1.
Military Cross Is
Won By Former
Resident of Hawaii
Upon Arthur Frederic Purvis
For Conspicuous Gallantry and
Devotion To Duty After Being
THE MILITARY CROSS
l.t. ARTHI'-R FBKDF.RIC l'CR
VIS, Scots Gds., Spec. Resi., attd.
M. (J. Gds For conspicuous gal
lantry and devotion to duty when
in charge of machine-giius. He
showed exceptional skill and
coolness iu guiding his guns
forward in support of an in
fantry .. attack, "' and although
severely wounded juat after
reaching the objective he
insisted on continning to direct
the consolidation and to site tbo
gun positions, remaining in charge
until he became incapable through
The British War Office made thia an
nouncement in the London Times of
hullabaloo of the last two months in I January 14, 1918, to gazette officially
eonjrresa, there is still a robust and de-1 tho gallant exploit of a former resident
eidedly wholesale nonpartisan spirit of Hawaii, who, although severely
for all war measures. This is evident I wounded, served his neldiiieee and
every day in the more or less routine brought it up from the rear to support
work for carrying along the bills in an inraniry atiaca.
senate and house. One can count hard- I It is a brief notice, but in those.
Iv a dor.en Renublieun senators (out of few sentences tells of an exploit which
total of forty odd) who have been I won mm one or me coveted ueeorartons
at all conspicuously partisan. And itw.hich Ureat Britain bestows upon the
is noteworthy that quite a galaxy of brave. The decoration was the Mili
Reoublican senators have been as much I tary itoss.
on the alert to support the President Arthur Purvis was born at KuVu
and the war department as the staunch- haele, island of Hawaii. His father
est administration senators among the Herbert Purvis, who is now a captain
Democrats. In other Words there has ,u l r"y, 'a sun serving at the
been and is a most sterling nonpartisan front. Arthur Purvis is now convales
sentiment in the senate and also in the eing from his wounds in a London hos
KnuMi tn stand - snnarelv behind their1""
President and vote everything and nnv- -" islander who sends the London
thinir which may be essential toward Times clipping to The Advertiser calls
winning the war. I attention to many islanders or persons
This sentiment is certain to grow " in xne jsianas, serving tne
stronger in numbers and determination, oriiisii colors, among mem Deiug V. V.
if the latter be possible. It has been
stimulated by the President 's repeated
appearances before congress in joint
session to discuss war questions, partie
ularly to outline peace prospects. The
decidedlv solid approval at the Capitol
of the President ' spokesmansbip is
beyond cavil. There is a feeling that
he voices with exactness American optn
Ion. There is also a strong hope, which
seems borne out by reports from across
the Atlantic, that the President is alao
voicing with some precision tba sentl
ment of the Allies. Certainly there
have been many exchanges between the
White House and London, Paris and
Boma on these matters, ao that the
President is supposed to know much
mar definitely what the premiers of
those eountriea favor than It has been
deemed advisable to make public
The Joint 8 as si oca
The President's success is quite re
markable in keeping bis plans for these
addresses to the joint session of con
gress secret till the very day of his ap
pearance. The procedure is very sim
pie. Senate and house must only pass
resolutions for a joint session, spec!
fving the hour. But in former times
these were regarded as such exceptional
events they were prepared for with ex
ceptional formality ami the news of
preparations could not le suiipreaHsed.
There is tremendous to do all over, the
country about executive domination
over the legislative branch of the gov
ernment; about senators und represent
atives being ignored in White House
councils and all that, but it remains
that never before have the President
and the legislative authorities come
into such frequent contact outwardly.
These meetings in joint session, which
a few year ago were unheard of, vir
tually unthought of, make the congress
a vehicle for the world spokeamnuHhip
which the President is supposed here
to be exercising and gives the congress
Rooke, who is now lieut. -colonel, com
manding the 2nd Royal Warwickshire
Regiment. He was invalided home
for months and then worked until he
was again fit for service. He was dis
abled by colliding with a traction en
gine. The opponents being unequal,
Kooke came off second best.
ROUND UP DELINQUENTS
Suggestions have been mude from
the provost marshal office iu Washing
ton to the local selective draft officer
to make use of the American Protec
tive Lengue in rounding up draft de
linquents nnd deserters, the letter being
signed by Maj. K. W. Fullam, ad
jutaut general, provost marshal 's office
Inasmuch as there is no branch of
the league established iu Hawaii, and
there has been no real necessity for
aid iu rounding up such delinquents
other than the services of the police
department and of 'the federal attor
ney 's office, Capt. 11. Gooding Field,
selective draft officer, will turn the let
ters over to the Hawiiiiun Vigilance
Corps of the American Defense Socie
ty. It is believed this will obviate the
orgnni.ing of still another orgaui.nt ion
iu Hawaii, of which there are now
such In rye numbers.
- . . , , .
A LITE SAVER.
It is sale to say that ( 'liainlierlai u 'i
t'olic, and Diarrhoea Iteineilv lias sa
eil the lives if more people and relieved
more suffering than any other remedy
iu existence. It is known nil over the
civiliitoil world for its speedy cures of
cramps iu the stomach, diarrhoea anil
recognition before Europe it never I all lutestinal pains. For sale by all
would have in ordinary diplomatic pro I dealers. Henson Smith & Co , Ltd.,
Ceediugs, I agents for Hawaii. AiWt.