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'.? ? . '
Vr- : MARCH' '19","' 1918!" 'SEMWtEKLYT--
Gilt Section and TBreatert
f , Ctmpjcti Destruction ,
lbs iriitf ToCal Several Thousand
.-JJica Eelievei Cause of Tire
i Flni destroyed 'tb major, portloa of
the, W.iliir Vnff of ibe'til. lroom
14 .palnta aad oik tdr4 a that pa-J
iea.aV' eet1o. The loa ainouatl to 1
oojy, f of oin 9 originated among
Waft! Ihbaafaib'tf flbllar W'.toc-k
Mi kotV Jr trnl water, while the 1B
tf(f)tr ha(t.tTW(t If bleekeYed 1nm'
ftnfbke4 -r v tf ; 'AH i
ft 'testerd-- w the third
frdWwhieh Or Bait ' 8rtr ha
frJ; th''twf oraut 'olies somtrtetely
iTMitrylo bulldlngf and 'Kock; V S
fTM fcWraf tfk tr4 U fbout four-'
iatf"tHtAiaftrtiAoa - by lm
Bwn, ;f 4h 'lJilfn tlK itaid, !
jMntiif -t(IT.lItftf( Vhole' attention
waa eroOaed b the mell of moke, fob
.owed'liietantryby a burst', of flames
corner of the building. The alarm wa
turned In at blrtt"!;1 within a few
mlaute .the 'centra station; appara'tot
M IaJT,cia Vhatgff Ablataat
C FUmM Jif , M tima rolled out in
tke-gTas and' metal awa
JH(r ioeompaaled, by' Ydlmne of 'denae
bUrk tntokei a the fire aeethed through
tb4 tirt df palnrt and 611. The door
waa- broke -open eufflclently to direct
th themiehl iottle throogh aad abort
Jr;kfterwrl t 'vMtar kb wka at
Uni: Cblef BlalaHell peteonally aa
likUd la tht deraoMihlag or the doora
ipd thfpugb thla opening, despite the
Ser.e' tatnlt iuWoitd'atid rtbr6anti
bf denae gmeke, firemen daihed la and
farted, the flattie bkekv --" -
'At tbo ain-tim- flame broke
Urfoii(th the' wooden doorway en thh
niuii4 aiqe, -pai'wera nem la ;nec
by the. tbemieal oe" apparatu.
r immediately ,wibln tbe arch open-
r u Breaien eame upon great aeap
tine; f paint ana eiu ana parrel
ick contained tK) packed In traW.
tat IbV Ooealnff o that the Bremen
BlftfaltB working their way alohi
JTii' inke,ir(Mn plnte and o la were
tlfltngV',bntJItli handkerchief. TW
4it- uoatht and ko- and niing' their
JgoirdV' thi fireme worked
throagh iovtba' hak f thi aectioal V
'f. Great crowds of pecatorf ' flowed
Aftira: thh atreeta aad aprea4' into the
' are .ate, btt thh ojlco'wefe- quickly
on'hand ran their -tre rope" and halo
tb. drewd .back, -for it waa feared,
diriBg' to the eoatbvstiMa nature of the
eVU"-.v ",:IM i'i'hd' ih' poatbf)itjr ? of
gaabliat eiulolO'lt aome- would be la
JjreV Shertt i loe. Dufy ' Shehff
i4 and . MotowwW Qfllcer rjtuppl
hoea. Wflffl on hl oarlT and bandied
opened op tb iin"l$8g Street loort
permitting eaiy' Ingrese'tor the chief
ana ni men.
Wtthl half aa hour the fire was en
tlrely - extinguished. With the open
tog oX t ertndow In th aeeond I
third floor, permitting the amoke
etc aie i it waa.eeea that the trooke ha
(laoiared the wall and celling.' and
the heat had cracked portion of the
eeiliag. Volume of water poured
along the fieor and into the base
meat, but it Wei stated bV Mr. Mavne
that Jittl of the tock there would be
The firemen, using caution in direct
ing the hose water, Hte damage in
lae niaiu pmn oi ine aiors.
The aint 'and 'l btion, howTT
wall completely gutted' and was a aiOM
of colors ruaaing together, sniearinp
nP Tyb,jf W ho au1
clothe of it flremeii. who will be per
soaal loaer because of the nature o"
tho flrrVheV Velghtlng." ' s
" Tha fir department handled the sit
uation Iq. an 'abler 'manner throughout,
and was glvea good assists b' by the
police and many spectators. A ball
player la fall uniform worVed a Chough
he were1 ld' ftremafa,' IndifferVtt to
chemicals, paint. fte.r d stifling'
amoke. 1 i r
Damaga I Heary
The damag will bo heavy .but, be
log coaffned prlneipaUy to oue depart
uient, tlie enlsbUshment will be able
tor eontluue busings in all obe,r de
Dartmelit without mack interruption.
- The firm of , O, Hall Boa is one
of ' thf oldest la Honolulu, aad was
originally established on November 1,
1850. There were several cfcangea and
reorganisation up to 100. The in
ereasiat bueiasss required larger quar
ter and in 1900 a haadeome two story
terra eotta front " building was erect
ed. This w destroyed by fire on the
night fif -'August tiOi. The ruins
were hardly, cool before the firm gave
Architect Traphagen 'order to. draw
pla for new bulling, nd thi
present three-alary atrueture was erect
ed within sit mpothk time, By fre.l
lirio.' 4Miato. '
"'Tha riirta of the fire had not been
dcierftitnatt yesterday af ternoon" but U
believed to be due. to sjArtitauerfu1 eArA
bustlqd in the paints and 'oils section,
near th, ''h and directly behind the
Altar where. aeveral thine were ulaeed
liich rhlght have beea factors in the
coiunfencement 'of the blase' Imme-
dUrely fire started in any part of
t)at section it was aura to proceed rap
idly. Tew insurance mea had arrived
pn the scene at the tiaie tha firemen
nan coinpieien inoir wora aul none
wf th' member or oncer of th llrhi
bad ft reached the building. No fig-
ai. t... 1 1 ii.. u
tlte .crowd ana itei tne nrrmeo.
tf(hg'i Mayne," 6t'hk E-'pKall
men had worked' throoffh the arch, ahd
0 and Patiently For
Moldele 'and Finally
W?fr? To Death";
..GratwujT UAple Sarrt Wh6m
Nowhere elie Irt ihm M tk at
Kifkoapa! aad' Kalawao, the leper ef
lUmerrt isolated oh a penfntula of the
utland-ol Molokei. eeul.l the anoear-
anc of a great mecbanieal bird' have
produced such excitement in thi day
wheBv'mar4)f: sr lt,biAA - .
day oceurrenre. Tha f whht hap
peaed tn Friday morning whea out of
tba eloa,, aoemlngly, Major Harold
viara, ij. ?. a,, piloting hi ea
plane1, 'Circled r the ' Hransa til-
IfeTaigh, superintendent of tha
settlement, who 1 at present in- He
aolblat raeelved letter yesterday from
the settlement, telling of -the marvel
kni siihf which had Wa afforded the
restdeatr, Wt tBrf best tpreioa the"y
oUl4 grv vf their imnremioa wa
that at) "weTe tickled to death M-to
kV beaa ao hlghry honored by the
daring young aviator. '
Watted Weary Day
Taj aearlr a week tb lamate 'bf
th'etlloett had watdied the akiea
a aeVe Wfore. ' rlomebody "l ij& were
furred' tieayenward at all time tf ' the
Jl- rt . . . ,Jj
nuf -wiimhi xor ar marvellous mo-
Inlele,- id appear. They had ketfn pie
t'otei ' ottfriAae, and potaibry also
teen them n motion pietur, Which are
rrequeutiy aaown at the settlement, bat
hid -alwaVr been denied . the rtvileM
dT etn g --tbaf' aet'uat airplane- . flight.
A'id then a Friday there Wat a Shout
tht the- "mpkulelet' wa aptifoichlng.
til- fs" thB thrie minute practically
everyona who eouiu waiK'waa out Jf
the' open Rfng toward the fcloe, elbud
ttid'deV'yaalt. ' ' '
; Kapidly It approachel from Honolulu,
a'tpek' t 'firt gradually betfomtug
larger ana larger, anil then came aown
waia swiftly toward the1 peninsula', and
there, all at once they could He that
if wa a machine bird. It was actual
ly aa- airplane.
Oieaf tla Otven ,
Then they' Heard the drone of the
motor,'' and finally it seemed as if It
would Coma W 'their midst, for the
aiajo" fWW low" ahd eame Within 1500
feet or theot, so that they cbuld see
the'body, 'of the'machipe pd the boat
and the Insigrlla Of (he American fly
Jk jsbrpTi trfoa' IM jblabe. '
' Major Cffartt'accoMltig to (hose in
tha' settlement, seemed inclined to irlve
tUetn-thrilhVfor he circled four or five
time - eVer ' the settlement, find flew
hwaf Only tfl eome back and dip to
ward thera., 1
For half aa hour Uncle Bam ' war
aviator gave the people of the settle
oiett'. every"" opportunity to study the
trance (hachlne.tad wonder over its
umatli(Bis MUgV aad then new away
ever tne ran and Dark, to Honolulu.
- don't believe that any on now
ta to settlement aver- taw an airplane
before,- aalfi Brfperinteudent McVeigh
yerterday," previous years hot
every ot in JHonoinla bad seen an air
plate 'In flight here, anfd so I'm sure
that none -Over there ever had seen
fhank Unci Sam
derful sight-thl 'mdkul'ele' as the
ran 1t, and thy were ' just" tickled to
death to tliuk that UneW Bart W.iuhl
go so far Out of hi Sray te let them
five a fip it thi wonderful thiny
that travels through the air so easil
and rapidly. ' They will have sonie
thing to talk about aow for year. ' '
. ' w. w. m. . "
GAINESVILLE. Toxas. February 20
What is believed to have been an
efltort to wreck, a troop train by remov
.K "I".". .Ut w I a . 1 V) til iuc lain
fesulted in the wrecking near here laxl
nlffht of a northbound Hants Fe freight
train'. The engine aid, tw6 box cam
went (own a -tnirty root eniuaoknien'.
The troop train-' passed over ahead of
ANOTHER TRTC.TO FORM
A meeting QT .'baseball enthusiaHti-
Thursday evening in W. R. Miles' of
Bi-e, fciite Hirlrt(tig, to form the majoi
league for 1618. ' It has been suggest
31 1 that senior and junior league lie
IUIIIIV1I. Alio EK7Ullir ' Ul L I1 1
fltajoM will include th Wrecker
Coast Defense, Thirty second. Chines.
or Town Team, while the Junior
League will ' embrace the ' ' Baby '
Twenty fifth; Second Infantry, Fonrtl
Cavalry and Marines. All this is ten
ures were obtainable '.ant ulght a t
probable lotwea, ezeept that the total
would probably reach several thou
ipil' of itoUaJri, "
JS. U. White,, of the firm, wa lrlv
ing into town from Wahiawa when tin
fire took place, and knew nothinir n
the matter dkUil he had nearly rear he !
"It is impossible to .say yet hov.
much the dkiflage was in dollars and
cents, but probably a few thoueamli
bf',4bll.:''afd Mr. While lat eve
ning. "The ffre department and A
slstant Chief Blalsdell did spleiuli
worn, tne emei DC! Off extremely n
garlful of the part of the store no1
in danger of fire by keeping the water
UppW"way from It.' 1 '
blaee waa extremnlv. fierce.
paftleBlarW . when, a si de door was
opened let a hose pass In, but iuime
dlate the fltemeii checked its trend
that' WuV. ' The ' telephones were put
out of eommiasion, ahd 6f course there
'.nJllil.l J.. Ji. .
mum i-uii.moiBuiB usmivfl nv waier.
,"wnii ine- smoae Diaeaeneil things up
I considerably. There was insurance to
. i. ii
Regulation Puts Stop To Their
'"Use A F$6d UdtllEMof
The United Stste Food AilminlstraJ!
tion, realising the great scarcity of
egg during the past fe'
taken drastic action' t6' i
at few months, has
relieve the sit
uation for the coming year by promul
gating the following rui to t effec
tive during the Spring proilu.tion pe
riod. ' .
'Dealers shall not between February
11. 1918. and April SO, 1918, purchase,
snip, sell, or negotiate the xnle of any
lire r freshly killed hen or pullets
provided, however, that thi shall not
prevent the purchase, shipment or sale
between February H and February SiS,
1919, of hen or pullet which were
either i klUel or (hipped prior to Feb
ruary II, iHl, to market for aal Be
food and provided further that nett
ing ia thi rule shall prevent the' pur
chase shipment or sale of live heris
or pullets for egg production purpoe
a.'' Eifective February 11, 1918.
The result of a strict compliance
!th above rule can easily lie seen
will not only greatly increase the
production of eggs but will alao in
crease the available supply of chicken,
One .of the greatest substituted for
sjiaat, by preventing the slaughter of
hundred of thousands pound of un
, '.'Every hen which is sold before
May ), represent a food Iosh to the
Nation of about thirty eggs," said Dr.
Andrew M. Soule, fe'deriil food admin
istrator of Georgia. "The total loaij
6f. egg' represented by tlie customary
selling' of hens between February "1
and Jo y 1, amounts to about 150 mil
lion eggs. The value of these eggs' 1
about eighty percent of what the hen
actually is worth, so that this program
does not entail a loss to the fafmer but
an actual gain.
"Undoubtedly this program will cre
ate a great many proteats from those
who say that for every pound of poul
try not consumed a corresponding
pound of beef or other meats will be
used. The food administrator feels,
however, that this killing of hens just
before and during toe heavy spring lay
1 a wasteful practise, just as wasteful
aa the killing of fresh milk cofes for
beef, and that by enforcing this pro
gram, price, will be kept within roa
on, which could " not Otherwise be
' After February 23, it will be abso
lute violation of the law to buy or sell
any hens or pullets other than the cold
storage article, and the federal food
administration for Qeorgia is watching
the situation" closely fend will prbser.ute
all violator without further warning.
' The administration is making an appeal-
to and is particularly desirous
lha the housewife and all individual
eonsuntera "should observe this rale and
kill no egg producers, and it is to be
hoped that all wilt give this patriotic
and nueeasary movement tneir unstint
'id 'approval and support.
3oth Are Thrown From Machines
Two motorcyclist, John Fern and
loseph Kia, vere injured almost in
danianeoualy and identically yester
lay evening near six o'clock on King
treet In 'the Patarha' district, altbougli
bey had no collision.
I, os of contro of the two motor
vcles, at a bend on the street In front
if the bill boards adjacent to the cane
icld of Fatama, is given as the main
cause for, the double accident.
Kye witnesses sav that when the
rider struck the bend Fern was thrown
from his seat by a wheel striking a
treet car rail. A Fern fell from the
notorc.ycle Kia jammed on hia brakes
o come to a sudden stop and was him
ii-lf catapulted to the ground.
It waa believed at 'first that the two
riders had collided, but questioning of
'he witnesses divulged that this was not
The injuries to both the motor
vi lists were very similar, although
lia had more wotinda thun did Fern
ho was the first tti got a fall.
Fern received1 an abrasion of tin
irlit knee and right shoulder, and rvin
ilnusiona on his right knee and should
r and both his right and left hands
They were both treated at the emer
3REAKFAST HEEDS ARE
TOLDJJY AN EXPERT
OKVALUS, Oregon, March 7 (As
loc iu ted I'ress) Miss Dertlia Kdwards,
Ifinunstratiou, agn of, thcJ fool ad
ministration at toe Oregon Agricultur
al ("ollege, aaya: "Start the day right
-vit h a good breakfast of fruit, cereal,
milk; it is good, riourlshing, easy to
-ook and cheap." Hbe advises the uv
f fruit, fresh when possible.
"Dried prunes, apples, apricots and
pi-aches are most nourishing and re
iiilre little or no sweetening; soak
them overnight in plenty of water and
then cook slowly until tender. Add
dates, raisius, or chopped dried pruuen
to cioked cereal ten minute before
takin. It from the stove ami no sugar
will be necessary. "
' w. s. a.
"PENNJ DRIVE" GROVYS
roKTI.ANI), Oregon, March 7 (As
sociated lres The "penny drive" in
connection with the sale of war Buviii'j-'
stamp campaign In rtty schools is gath
ering momentum here. Kvery school in
the city now is organized to distribute
stamps in return for the pennies that
are to neip uncle nam win the war
i Total sales for one week amounted to
I . . 1 I ... ...
mz.vtt in ine acnooia. nrinirinir thAir t a
tal fur the campaign to tM,020. 29
I The Junior Ited Crone ergaiifeatlon
. . . . .
now includes 45 city school.
CASTOR OIL BEANS
: ARE EASILY
Plant Was Introduced To Hawaii
' Hit Unknown Eirlylinie it
Ha) Grown Freely
t. tM fifwito Vcado nr yiut
yysrn ilhoo ur IIIYlfc
taking of Oil Not Feasible But
Beans May Headiiy Be Sold
At Present Time
The exact dnte of the introduction
of the castor benn plant into Hawaii
is unknown, but it mny have caratec1
here previous to the advent of the first
missionary families. Marin, in his
journal, mention the plant, and refer
o 'lU.well known medicinal use. Para
grapi relating to it nrc fonnd in the
early records, in the transactions Of th
Royal Agticultornl SociHy.
'A number of attempts were made i
he early days to int induce its cultiva
tlon On a covnmercinl m-nlo and to man
lfa'r.ttire the 6il, without marked sue
plant has been widely scat
ered over ( the islninh, and may bt
en growing wild bv roadsides and in
wftst places. There are now castoi
bean plantation on the coastal landi
m the windward side of Oahu, and ia
ftona on Hawaii.
The methods of cultivation vary
widely, depending upon the altitude
and whether it ia grown as an annual
ir as a perennial. In thia Territory
there is perhapa no time limit to iti
growth, tree which are known to bt
from twenty to thirty yeara old, witl
trunk sometime attaining two feet in
liameter, existing in various localities
This crop ia suited to cultivation on
a' variety of soil, but as with most
cultivated plant, the best results arc-f
obtained tin the best lnnd. Although
t grows well in forests and in partlat
ihade, the best "trops of seed are se
rured where 'ots portion it Jhe plant
exposed to the bright snnjshine.
Tiocal Experliaeata .
C. Koelling of1 fieea has experiment
ed With the' castpt es,n for over twe6
ty years, and as the'result of his work
he recommends the planting of thii
crop in as rich, land as is available
The seed should be planted where it i,
to remain, on land which has beei
thoroughly and deeply stirred. Mr.
cCoclling has found that the plants ii
hi locality (at, Of a little above, set
level), should be -planted in rows from
wenty to twenty, four feet apart, and
fifteen feet apart i the' rows. Thii
would give one Tiundred twenty to oat
hundred and fifty plfnts per acre.
1 As soon as the plants are two fee
iih, the terminal bud Is 'nipped off
'orcing the production of lateral shoots
these In' Jurh he flhortdn'e4 t6 cofiipe'
'he plant to branch' ' much a po
silile, awd also to' kWp do4rri its heirlht
io that the beans may be harveste
from ihe ground, and t6 ihcrense thi
number of seed bearing shrtbts.
Hy following this me'thdrf of pmn
lid. a conical tree is obtained of frun
ight to ten or twelve feet in height
ml with a diameter or spread of fron
'ourteen to twenty four feet,
flower and Seed Time
The plants commence to flower whei
they nrc from eight to Bine month:
M, and ripen the first seed at aliou'
'en months from planting.
During. the growing period the Inn
should be well cultivated,, all weed
cpt down nnd Wie sotl stirred n
freiinent intervals; the better tho cnl
tivation. the better the crop.
The rlistance apart that the plant
hould be located will undoubtedly vari
;n accordance with the altitude a'
ivhich the castor lean ia grown, whe
her t en level or at fmm four ti
!ve thoin-nnd feet elevntion. Thi
olnnt i.i extieiielv Niiseeptililn ti
'rotil-i. :inl woubl pvobnbly not be nil
'i''ti I. nnlc :is an Knnunl, nbovi
'he litter ce ft ion.
The castor been plant feed mns'
'leaxib' upon phoHpltoric aeid and ot
ifh. In s'eri'e hoiI. or in soils de
tclent in thi d 'inents low erade fer
Hlizers eoiitn li. ii'j; them can be profit
thirty Day Crcp
In Koun a crop of beans can lie h.nr
ested every thiitv days, after tin
bints commence to bear.
Tlie commercial life of the crop
hat is the period during which it can
So profitably cultivated without re
duntliig, on a good fleld, range from
f(ve to seven years, but during thi
jieriod it must receive frequent culti
vation and an occasional dressing of
fertilixer, to obtain the best results.
From data obtuiijnble in these is
lauds, the nveriige crop from cft level
up to an altitude of twelve' fd "fifteen
hundred feet, rintrs! froln tdbnti five
'iiiid.red to three thousanor pounds per
ire fier annum. lndiidaal trees in
'he mos favored r)calitie'with good
oit amT cultivation,' and affair aniOuut
if ra'tnfsll, huve been hnowh to yleb'
is high as one hundred hounds of clean
iced.-' However, frum twenty to twen
v five pounds per plant is the average
vice'ls' of clean seed.
?tcklng is Expensive
he picVing or harvesting of the
rops is tlie
the most expensive operation.
oe garnered nerore
because the capsule
l if the beans are al
lowed to riiieii on the plant, a ronsid
erable portion ill be lost through
the ii"ei! pods bursting and throw int;
out the seed.
A laborer provided with a basket
or sack, cuts off the seed clusters
with a hook or sharp knife. These
are then placed on a drying floor
in the sun, and the pods allowed to
crack open and expel the seeds, or the
seeds may be beaten out, by hand or
by special niiiiliiiiery. Tha) amount
which mny bu gathered by oue lubur
ISSUED fft THB
IMAtt OOKBTJMEB8 CAKlrOT tXTt AT TIIE8B FEIOEfl
Island butter, lb.
M io .6(1
Fggs, select, dos. .
Kgg, No. 1, dot.
fcfg. l)nck, rlA. .
Voung Roosters, lb.
i . . . .65 Turkeys, lb
82 Ducks, Muse, lb. .
.45 Ducks, Fekin, lb. .
.63 to '.00 Ducks, Haw'n. dm.
vbubtAbLsi and fkodtjcb
;...t1; vj)3 l'Canuts, Ig. lb. ...
Deans, string, green . . .
Beans, string wax, green
Beabs, Lima In pod
Beans, Maul Red
Fleans, 'allcrf. ewt .
. ... .Wl
TtSan, Small White. . .
Peas', dry Island
fleets, dor.en lir.ht . . .
9 no to 10 0
; r ' .Sti
2.50 t6 1.00
Carrots, ilomn be he. .
Corn, sweet 1(K) ears ...
3 50 tb It
Hnnnnas, Chinese, Hch.
HanuniiS. cimkuiK, l-ti
.30 to .70 f-lme. 100 . . .
.'. ..l.fS Pineapples, cwt
. . . . 1.00 Papaifts, lb. . . .
.OS tO .tW- Strawberne .
. .-. V l.Sf.
drapes, Innbells, lb. . .
Hawaiian Orange per
100. . .
Cattle and sh
iheep are not bought a(
dressed weight' hasl
bald for on a
Beef, dressed, lb.
Veal, dressed, lb .
.14" to ;14 Afuttdh, lb.
. .h to .ia Pork; lb. ..
HIDES. WEt. SALTED
Ueer, No. 1, lb . ' .11'
leer, No. 2., lb 10
Steer, .Hair Hiip 08to .00
The following are price on feed f
'Jorn, am. yel. ton
Corn, lg. yel. ton
Corn, c lacked ton
Scratch Pood, ton
- l '
.... 78.00 to (1500
. . 02.00 to 9150'
1 '. . ' '
FOLLOW THE CLE)A' AND WIN THE WAR
MONDAY .WrSeatless bay, one meatless meal.
TtjftSDAY f -eaaeWrporkless day, one wheatleis meal.
WEDNESDAY -Wheatlcis bay, ;one meatless meat
THtlRSDY - - - -1ri('yritlt88, one meatless meal.
FRIDAY - One wheatlfcss, one meatless meal.
SATURDAY On vvheatleas, one meatless meal.
.' , Every' Pw, V 'Fat Saving Day
Every Day 4; Sjigar' Saving Day.
USE Fruits, vegetables, pinto beans and potatoes abundantly.
USE Milk wisely. ' '
Ir in a day, depend upon his intelli
gence 'and skill. The shelled beans
free -from the husks ot seed' pod 'are
rnarltetaMe without further prepara
tion There is a ready market for
"astor bean in Honolulu, or they may
'ie packed and shipped to Ran Franeis
'0 Of Other eastern markets,
limself, to extract the oil.
The process of manufacture of the
ul is quite complicated, and it doe
tot pay the caltlvatbf to attempt by '
hilmself, to extract the oil.
The residue remaining after extrac
tion of the oil from the caitor bean is
:tself h product' 'of eome value for 'fer
tiliser. Analyse of ' thh substance
ihow that the cator pftmace contain
n an average about 5 percent nitWigen,
! percent' phbsptrorie icid lliS 1 percent
otash. The seed pod and stems cou
sin about' 2.3 percent 'Dlvgragen and
1.5 percent potalhi'
At the Connecticut Experiment Btn- '
iou trials of castor poraaee'have been
made during a aerie of years since
IH92, and the fertilising value of fbe
litrogen has been determined to be
bout 75 percent that of nitrogen in
he form Of nitrate of soda. At the
urrent market price of fertilizers in
hi market, castor jximace of average
omiiosition should be wOrth about thir
een dollars per ton on account of the
litrogen, phosphoric acid and potash'
vhich it contains. - Furthermore this I
omace is mere Valuable than some '
heinicnl fertilisers in fhat the nitro- t
;eii which' 'It' cdnlaii Is gyaifuftlly i
v nihil da. The pomace ia more valu
lile for fertiliser than for fuel, a use
0 which it is largely put in India. It
hould find reuly sale ia the local mar
The crop up to the present time has
cry few enemies in thia country, and
1 particular advantage i that the prod
ictidoes not readily deteriorate if prop
erly care for after harvesting. With
verage yields of from two thousand
o three thousand pounds per acre, and
vith a crop whic hdoe not require re
hinting, except after a period of from
ve to seven years, the outlook is a
civ promising one1
VALUE Of FOODS IN
V I fia: ' .
An egg laying contest, of feeds, not
breeds, ha been in progress at the
Missouri experiment station sauce l'.nr,
to determine the relative merits of
nrotejir' Iff anitfifcl drill vegetable1 on
;in, for egg (iVrxl action? A larW' nuiu
bef of White I.PgboYif bens, ift liens of
, , , . ' . ' ,
fowls euch, were kept Under obser
it t ion for twelve inoriti periods, the r
feed curefully weighed 'and Measured,
enact record being kept ' of ' Cgg pro
The hen fed beef-scrap, sour mill-,
lish meal, dried blooi) o o'ber nitro
CciiouH anhnal foods laid more th:ni
twice us mauy egg a 'the fowls led
gluten meal, cottonseed and linn I
meals. The hen kept on vegetarian
diet averaged only five dozen en a
Ihe sour milk hen laid le
tween ten and eleven dozen eggs per
year while the beef-scrap fowl aver
aged over thirteen dor.cn.
The no meat or milk hens cost I'm'
cents each during the year, over an I
above their board ami lodging. Ah
scavengers for a vegetarian rvsliiiirimt
they would have had to bu kept on tlie
pav roll. The sour milk hens on no i)
i)'J4 cents each, tr anuiim, while the
beef fed heus a bled UH per heud Io
their owners' income.
It is the poorest kind of false eeon
oinv not to fend laying Ip lis n pi.itrin
i ouceutrato of auiiual origin.
March 15, 1P18.
.fiO to .00
. .05 to .00
3.00 to 3.50
1.60 to l.0
. . 0 to .0
. . .40 to .50
Oreen peppers, bell
Oreen peppers, chili
Potatoes, is. 1
t red cwt.
Tarn, cwt. .
Tomatoes . .
1.00 to 1.2f.
02 Vi to .02
. .. .25 to .8
iivW Weight. They are slaaghtered at
nogs. Up to 150 lbs '. .18 to .
Kips', lb. .
o K Honolulu:
..79.00 to 55.00
. .K.00 to 12.0(i
47.00 to WOO
4100 to 55.00
Middling, ton .
Hay, wheat . . .
Meal, Alfalfa .
" ' 1
America Must Feed
Or Lose the War
America's soldiers and America's
allies fighting ja Europe arust be fed.
On them rests tha task' of ' holdlntf oiiV
enemies their enemies, and pfe'edom 's
enemies. Ho one knows what burden
will have to be borne during the
next three of four months. The enemy
is massing for a smashing attack on the
west, and while they resist this attack
and defend liberty they must be fed
They can not be fed unless America
feeds them. Food cannot be imported
from Russia because of European con
ditions, or ffdm Australia arid India
on account of insufficient ships. Amer
ica must' feed 'them, abd to do thi
America must adjust her method of
handling food both ip the store and in
the home. W!e must not hoard food.
fo- that would tke it out of the possi
bility of shipment. We must not eat
foods which they must have. They get
it from us or they go nnfeed.
They will be fed, for the rennlations
of the food administration, which is
charged ttb the renponaibility of seo
in;,' that they are fed, must be observ
ed. Those who ill riot observe are
either criminally curetcs or disloyal.
The careless must e roused, though it
brings oii their ' heads 'the' weight of
public disfavor. The disloyal either
desire the enemy's success, America's
lic'eut and Teuiocracys ' destruction,
or ure willing to sel) their country for
prolit. 'These must, be treated as inc
lines and prevented from conducting
business uutil the world, is safe for
The riirlit of self government as well
as our very national existence is at
Kiako. Wa are at war. We' must ob
serve the food administration regu
lation and conserve food. For only in
this ay will our boy in Prance bo
fed. They are lioblisjg the enemy, and
they must be fed.
T BE T
I'nsteuri.ation of milk must be care
fully done else the results aro value
, , ' . , .... . .,
i less. Kecent investigations at Mac
clonal. I college, Canada, eniphusi. d
this 1 1 u i m in in a striking manner as it
was proved that milk which had beeu
pii.leurized from twenty to thirty mill
lit ex at ft temperature of H" degio-s
coiitained large ' mimlwrs of the dan
genius coli bacteria, vl rulent gas foiui
rri winch are the cnuse of enteritis
in iiit'nnts. Milk so "sterilized" was
de, lured "unfit for consumption
In mi IK pasteurized in the proper wnv,
at temperature never less than l.ri2
degree, the food value is unimpaired,
and the coli bacteria are either ki'led
or rendered harmless. I'rooerlv done
milk no pasteurized will keep indefi
nitely uiul has no "cooked" taste. The
i renin will not rise to the top of milk
that has been properly sterilized. The
pi ore, therefore, is usually a diiap
''I 1 1 1 1 ( 1 1 1 to consumers not acquainted
"I'd this fact. ()u the other h:ind,
milk w hich has been properly sterilized
c no not have the cream skimmed off
I ii ii I mild, a suspiciou often ariHiii:; in
th.- minds of city consumers of tin av
jcii.ge diiiryuiiiu ' p.o.luct.
Club of Well-Dreised Peopfe Who
I rAnn o.'a -u ii..i
1-ioicii I u OCI IIIUIIo allU HllCIIU
To Own Affairs Must Go
Unemployment, . Class Injustices
and Community Uplift Must Be
Part of Work, Says.jLjeonarrI
A part of a new tfU o-nler which
he expect to emerire from the furnace
of the world war, Bishop A. W. Leon
ard or tne Han rraftitriwo Area of the
Methodist Kpiscopal Church, who Is
presiding officer at the thirteenth an
nual conference at tha Methodist Mis
sion, said estenlay that the institu
tion of the. church will have to under
go reconstruction which will render
it scarcely recognizable.
Aaeat'his aermon on "The Church
atad the World Criai.", which he de
livered at the Methodist Church last
night, Bishop Leonard told The Adver
tiser that the Church must io the
course of the next few years suffer a
complete socialising and democratizing
mi onier to hold its proper place as a
moral influence of the future.
'The church as a club of well
dressed people who listen at stated in
terval to sermon, foster a few ex
clusive church Hocietie and attend to
their own little affair to the ext-luulon
of the welfare of the community of
which it is a part haa been a traveaty
on Christianity, and the great change
of the future have no place for uch
an indifferent attitude as the Church
has maintained and grown into ia the
course of the last decade' be said.
Will Be Social Center
Bishop Leonard declared that a true
Democracy which he expert to coma
back to civilization out Of the influ
edee of the trenches) will demand that
churches take on a new character e
true social center; that the Church
may no lunger remain apathetic to
matter of unemployment, elaaa iaju-'
tices and community Oplift; that it
will undoubtedly contain departments
for furnishing legal counsel to poor
"ooie, taking the leading interest la
the health and contentment of al) the
toupie within ita sphere of influence,
md searching out the root of clas
hatreds, lie hastened to add, however,
that he doea not believe thi should
take the place of evangelistic work,
but should be made an integral part
"There is no denying tha fact that
the Church has failed in jta part ia
heae matters and has become divorced
from the lives of miHion . pX, people
who have found that tlulr moat press- .
iag social problem have found no
inawer in the accepted Institution of -love
and sympathy," said Bishop-
(jknwtmrA IITl..n lll ... .1
b an organised and applied Christian
ity based on' the teaching of the ,
Bishop Leonard said that slacken
n the' f Otufo duties of society towards
;ta member will be as cordially hat
ed a slackers In the great war to ea-
(stilish demoeracy In tho world.
'The war strikes me as being tba
only thing that could have brought
these wonderful thins alxuit in so
ihort a time," said he. "There ia
'rue democracy in the trenches, and
oven if the world were unaware of the
changes that are impending aud na-
resitoasive to them, ihe returning sol
diers would bring with them ideas that
would serve to res-oust rue I society even
againat its will."
Bishop Leonard says that so far as
the Methodist Church, at least, ia con
cerned, the machinery is even uow ia
operation to bring about the establish
IS BELIEF OF BISHOP
ment of the church on a greater and -more
comprehensive model. The pre
liminary spreading of the necessity for
the change has been apxirtioned to
several of th bishops of the Metho
dist Church who, under the operatioa
of the War Council of the board of
bishops, Will take different sections of
the country and conduct great mass
meetings in every leading community,
which are to teach the responsibility
of the Church in the conduct of the
war as in the reconstruction. These
ineetiugs will be sponsored by the com
mercial organisation and fraternal or
der of the various cities and pre '
aided oyer by mayor and governors.
Plan For Work
Hftshop Leonard, together with Bish
op Homer Htuuta, of Omaha, Nebraska,
will bare the Southwest district for
: his purpose and they have already
completed arraogemeuts for mass meet
in every lar"e Cali'ornia town.
These ecclesiastic have been released
rom their onliuary area duties by the
board of bishops. Bishop Theodore 11
Henderson of Bt. Louis ami many oth
er prominent mea of the dcnomirtatioi
will have charge of the campaign i
the various sections into which th
country ha been divided.
Wish Bishop Leonard at the Youn?
Ifotel Is A C- Stevens, ex-secretary nf
the' War emergency Commission of the
Methoflist Church. All that can be un
dertaken by 'them in the program of
the rlCriOiAttiatloii at Honolulu is to
make an estimate of what members
of the Methftdtaf 'Church 'are represent
ed in the 155,000 soldiers and sailor
over whom they will have supervision
W. 8 8
FOOD VALUE OF BANANAS
The amount of albumen contained
in a pound of banana is nboiit the
same a hat found in u pound of rive,
and the total not-;tie vnluc of one
pound of bananas is only a trifle less
than that of an eoi al one -titv o' beef
steak. The u"--iie f-nit. "vl-ieh con
tains a consiiUire' le - iitie.
Itarch, is often di' -d 'be ove hnl
eaten as bread. Tl . t,r e.l. II mV
he heit for a Ion" i - I t .-ery
serviceable for use on luin' joumoya.