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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, April 05, 1918, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-04-05/ed-1/seq-4/

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'UvV ; nAWAtlAN GAZETTE, FRIDAY, APRIL 5, 191K1) ' SEMt-KtCLYnhV.T
::
Tnii it...
THE"
TT A ll
r
AIIAN
GAZETTE
FRIDAY MORNING
APRIL 5, 1918.
TIH ADVERTISER'S SEMI-WEEKLY
BREVITIES
Jus A ngaria
Team Work Wanted
HP I IK United States and its Kuropean allies',
JL
TJ OW is YOUR War Savior Society comine
have notified the government of the Nether- A' alone? Everyone oueht to be, in. such a
lands that concessions will be made in return tor society, and if you are nob you should make it a
the seizure of Dutcn snips at Honolulu ana in
mainland American and Entente .ports. Not only
will Holland be fully compensated for the use of
the ships, loss paid for, and the return of vessels
still in operation at the end of the war assured,
but the Netherlands will receive food from the
Uned States if Germany permits her to accept it
But by the strict letter of the law, no conces
sions are necessary. By an international law of
long standing, distinctly defined in The Hague
Conventions of 1899 and revised with greater par
ticularization in the Conventions of 1907, needed
property can be taken over by a belligerent. The
only demand made by the law is that whatever
has been seized must be restored, loss paid for,
and compensation fixed when peace is made. But
long lefore 1899 the right of such seizure was in
recognized operation. The outstanding recent in
stance of its exercise was the recourse which Ger
many had to it during the France-Prussian war,
when England received without protest the sink
ing of six of her ships because the act was in
accordance with ap historic international under
standing. The right in question is based upon the "law
of angary", or, to use its ancient Latin name, the
"jus angaria'. The term "angaria" means a post
station, and is from the Greek word for messen
ger, from which it is believed that the French
"hangar" (shed) is also derived. It is the right ofi
a belligerent to seize or apply for the purpose of
war (or to prevent the enemy from doing so) "any
kind of property on belligerent territory, including
that which may belong to subjects or citizens of a
neutral State". As written into The Hague Con
ventions, it implies, to quote the Encyclopaedia
Britannica. "as wide a range of contingencies as
the 'necessity of war' can be tnadeo cover". So
completely has it been recognized as a law of war
that various treaties have been made between
nations that definitely fix the indemnities to be
paid by the parties in case of any forced utiliza
tion by either State of private property belonging
to citizens or subjects of the other. Thjs takes
. the right as a matter of course, and provides for
the minimization of negotiation over the details
of its execution.
Article 53 of the Regulations Respecting the
Laws and Customs of War on Land of The Hague
, Convention of 1899, which was signed b alllhe
contracting' pariies,- (except Switzerland, which
adhered), read in part:
"Railway plant, land telegraphs, telephones,
steamers and other ships, apart from cases gov
erned by maritime law, as well as depots of arms,
and, generally, all kinds of war material, even
though belonging to companies or to private per
sons, are likewise material which may serve for
military operations, but they must be restored at
the conclusion of peace, and indemnities paid for
1hem."
In 1907 the wording was somewhat changed,
and the regulation read:
"All appliances, whether on land, at sea, or in
the air, adapted for the transmission of news, or
for the transport of persons or things, exclusive
of cases governed by naval law, depots of arms,
and, generally, all kinds of ammunition of war,
may be seized, even if they belong to private in
dividuals, but must be restored and compensation
fixed when peace is made." ,
To this, too, all the nations represented at the
conference agreed.
The formal definition given of the law of angary,
or, as it is equally known, the "droit d'angarie",
is that it is a contingent belligerent right, arising
out of the necessity of wajr "to dispose of, use.
and destroy, if need be, property belonging to neu
tral States , as well as belligerents.
w. s. s.
A National Boycott
IF, by increasing the economic warfare against
Germany by projecting it into the years ahead
unless she listens to reason we can lessen the
present cost in human life and human mutilation,
would not Christian and humane sentiment, asks
the Los Angeles Times, dictate the use of this
powerful weapon ? A weapon that long years of
peaceful industry and labor have placed pre-eminently
in the hands of the people of United States?
And would not it be well to let Germany further
understand that our people will steadily increase
the pressure so long as she remains an outlaw
nation.
No war is well advised. No war is Christian
unless it. is based on righteous resistance. Why
should civic justice fine or imprison an individual
that breaks the law and enforce the sentence even
though the criminal has repudiated his crimes, ami
international justice take back into its good graces
a colossal malefactor as soon as that malefactor
has been forced to abandon a career of violence
and plunder? Germany has broken nea.ly every
known law, human and divine. After being ar
rested and sentenced, why shouldn't Germany
have (o pay the fine?
If we are tg have a Christian civilization we
must treat German commerce as we treat opium
joints, sweat shops, dens of thieves, gangs of
murderers and dealers in poison. The wings of
commerce, when winging from the Kaiser, are the
couriers of "Kultur" and Christianity and "Kul
' tur" cannot both survive.
point to remedy the oversight at once. If you do
not know of a convenient society, form one of
your own with your immediate associates in shop,
office, lodge, church," club or school.
The chief purpose of the War Savings Societies
is to put team work into -a plan for bringing every
person, young and old, into a relationship of per
sonal responsibility and of personal service for
the nation's welfare a relationship even more
vital than the service of selling War Savings
Stamps to other people, important as tfTat is.
One soldier wouldn't get very far in a drive
"over the top" alone. It is organization that
counts everybody going along. together shoulder
to shoulder 1
' One stamp buyer is the single soldier, working
alone but the War Savings Society is a whole
regiment that goes "over the top" for war savings
with a whoop and a real American whoop, at
that.
.., This Thrift Army has no age limit and there
are no exemptions. Everyone can save his nickels
and dimes, and join. . , '
Your club, your lodge, your, church, your office,
your factory, your neighborhood, your apartment
house, your school will yoti accept Uncle Sam's
commission to organize a War Savings Society
among your friends and associates now, today,
to help win the war?
No matter how good the intentions are, if some
body does not say "Sign here the War Savings
Society will not get organized.
YOU must be that somebody!
You can start a War Savings Society anywhere.
Simply get together ! Ask ten of your friends to
help you. '
Select a War Savings Society name elect a
president and secretary, other , officers, if you
choose. Notify your State Chairman of War Sav
ings and ask for a charter of affiliation.
Get new members the more the better. Keep
them stirred with interest. Get them to SAVE,
SAVE, SAVE, systematically, arid get others to
SAVE. Keep alive on the jump have some
thing doing all the time.
Always remember your government is back of
you on this. You are not a needle in a haystack.
Your work will be recognized in Washington
where the society you organize will be listed and
known. .
T " -111 W. S. S. -rr i '
PERSONALS
Kapaa Again
AS to the merits of the newest controversy that
has arisen at Kapaa, Kauai, we have not the
data available to speak, but it appears from state
ments of homesteaders that the government has
either swindled them and other homesteaders by
selling to them land which they believed carried
water rights, or is swindling them in favor of the
Makee Sugar Company by not forcing that cor
poration to get its feet out of the trough.
Ever since Colonel Spalding tipped a spoonful
of taffy into Pinkhani's ear there has been trouble
for the Kapaa homesteaders, trouble that the ad
ministration appear never to have taken the
trouble to straighten out.
Pinkham is not now and neve has been and
has reached that age of mental atrophy when he
never can be in favor of homesteading any of
the public lands of the Territory. This is no rea
son, however, why he or anyone else should at
tempt to work out his anti-homestead prejudices
at the expense of men who have put their money
and time into homesteads under the terms of the
law prescVibed by the congress of the United
States.
We do not know what the land commissioner
told the delegation of homesteaders who called
upon him yesterday, but we do know that they
left his office satisfied that he had agreed to rem
edy their grievance at once. Half an hour later,
Mr. Rivenburgh informed The Advertiser that he
had not told this delegation what they believed
he had told them.
Why any such a misunderstanding? Why
should the members of this administration always
I gumshoe whenever homesteads are mentioned?
Why should the Governor be in such a sweat
about saving the lands of Waiakea from becoming
unproductive when he, or someone, is keeping
twelve hundred acres of productive land at Kapaa
from cultivation?
Isn't it about time we had a pinch of honesty
in our homesteading matters?
W. S. S.
A boy with a small rifle has killed a man by
accident. It is a great wonder such a killing has
been so long in coming. In many parts of the
city, particularly in Makiki, children with fire
arms have been common. Parents are to blame
in the first place for this and the police are to
blame afterwards It is quite the proper thing
to teach a boy the use of a rifle, but quite another
thing to allow him to use it indiscriminately with
in the city limits.
Speaking about conservation, why not put into
Thrift Stamps the money somebody is paying for
the publication of the Governors latest proclarria
lion? Of all the mangling the English language
has received during his administration, this "proc
lamation" is the worst.
The estate of th tut Emanuel R
Cnttha has hw ot 2P8,?64; accord
ing to nil inventory' (hat ha been filed
in the probat court.' '
Leonard A, C. Parish, at one Vme a
clerk at the folic station, hat been
named as the hddltioaal deputy United
Stages manna, which J. J. Hmiddy was
this week authorised o Employ.
Charles 0Hulltoaa ha acquired from
the Territory a lease for ten yearn on
the 8h pond at Aiea at an annnnl rent
nl of -'00. Ha was" the aiicceaaful bid
dor at an suction held Haturday.
Private Frank Panstance, ' Fourth
Cavalry, was hart Taeaday afternoon
during a parade ad taken to the post
hospital. Hia hone felt over a will
and threw him, rendering him vn
conscious. Ha it reported to be rest
ing comfortably.
Mary C. Alexander, of Piedmont,
California, has become a member of
the Five Hundred Collar Clob'of Bono
lnlu and haa contributed her 1600. The
rUib haa a total membership of 15.
Among local new member ia A. W.
T. pottomley
W. 1'. English, head of the Call for
nia Hawaiian Packing Co., who has
returned front California anaouaeea
that the entire; feack, of tuna from Ha
wail haa been contracted for and that
much of it will be part of supplies aent
to the Allies In France. .
Roy Scouts who' have aided Mayor
Frrn nt his noonday patriotic demon
atrations downtown ware presented on
Monday with twe dollara worth of
Thrift Stamps. The etatnps went par
ticularly to the bora who have been
carrying the flags of the Allied nations.
Although the naval authorities in
Hawaii have '.been notified from Wash
inpton to advance their clocks an hour
in, conformity with the Daylight Having
law, no such instructions have as yet
been received by the. army authorities
and they are still running on the old
time. ,.
Featuring Frank Marolda, the eflm
edy Kinder and piano art i at and Bohin
Mctjuestin, the violinist, the X. M. U.
A. will give am -entertainment tomor '
row evening ia Cooke hall. The enter
trumient will be a; musical evening the
two artists being supplemented by num
bera from the Y. M. O. A. orchestra and
a special saxophone solo number.
John P. Etna, father of Alexander P.
Rua, a Hawaiian boy who lost his life
when the steamship Kan nan was tor
pod ncd, is to derive the benefits of the
' insurance accorded to all members
of the army and navy who applied for
such insurance. The total of insurance
in thia instance is $1,(500, and will be
paid to the father in installments each
month, at the rate ofjffJiSO.
Owing 'to the hoavy demand for liq
uor requisitions durisg the past few
dnys, the supply - of these blanks ran
out yesterday at the. .office of the U:
cease inspector. A rush order from
a local printing office) saved a number
of thirsty ones fromra, sadden drouth
and the issuance ef tltose permit went
merrily on. According to William Hot:
tmi.naore" then ;30,QQ$ ipernxJU ..hv
been issued since' Marsh, 1 " ;
In order to Before4 statistics oh the
cost of production and distribution of
milk in Honolulu, Federal Food Admin
iatrator J. F. Child announced, yester
day, the appointment of a milk commit
tee headed by I.. M. Judd. Mr. Child
explained that the idea arise partly
from the demand, of; Dairyine'o f
Association that a'Tqll survey Bo annus
in the interests of public information,
Armed with new data and report on
the Madera Oold iMlning Company
which have been obtained from Uaritoi
nia mining experts, h. W. Bhanks, iee-
president of the company, nailed from
San Francisco for Honolulu yesterday.
A cablegram to this effect was received
yesterduy afternoon by the local office
or the company. Kequest for the in
formation was made by Robert W.
Khingle, president of the concern. Ma
dera stock ia now beinj sold from aev
en to nine cents.
W. I. S.
"Dry" Order Will Be
In Effect After
Midnight of April 9
Question of Whether Time Shall
Be. Under Daylight Saving Law
Or Not Remains Unanswered
By Local Army Authorities At
Headquarters'
President Wilson's "dry" order for
Oahu will go into effect the moment
that April 10 arrives, which will be lm
mediately after midnight of April V,
or when the clocks strike the last
stroke of twelve.
This in the interpretation which the
Hawaiian Department tfvea to the
order.
This interpretation means that On
Tuesday night, April 0, when twelve
o'clock pnaiKMt by the "dry" order l
in effect.
The army officials offer no sugges
tion an to whet nor it shall be aceorUn
to the "old" time, or the "new
time, uuiler the "daylight saving" law,
but whenever April 9 ha passed into
oblivion then the "dry" ordei will be
in full force ami effect.
Furthermore, being a presidential or
der, it will be mad effective by the
federal authorities of the judicial de
partment, and thia means through the
United States Attorney's office and
that of tho United JUates marshal.
Naturally, the territorial and county
official will take note of the fact that
the order i in effect and being a fede
ral lawt or order, with juriadictlon
here, the local county officials will see
to it that it is carried out.
Mr. ana Mr. Walsh of Kaholul are
guest at -the Young Hotel. ;
John beott of Hilo Was an' arrival
from Hawaii on the Manna Ken yester
day. ' .- . ':,.
gamnel At Llaer , fc bnainessmaa from
Seattle, i registered at tho Young
Hotel, r - t '
Mr. aad Mta4 Zrw JC Qtyer Ver
departing passenger a the Manoa1'
terday. ' " ' .;
Capt ' William Hanna, First In
fantry, U, & Jt., hna gone to Kanai for
a visit "
Mr. and Mri. Oeorge p. Castle were
departing- passenger von the Maao
yesterday.
Mr. mad Mr; W. H. Shlpmah. of Ha
waii were arrival on the Maoaa' Ksa
yesterday. . v
O. P, Wilcox returned from a short
hnsin trip to Maul on the Manna
Kea. jrerday.,
Mr and Mr. John A. Lilly, of Wa
tcrbury, Connecticut, are registered at
th.i Moana Hotel .
Mr. aad Mr. C. T. Boettlacher, tour
ist from EvBJisvtUe, Indiana, are at
the Moans Hotel .
Mis Jessie Kennedv wat'a depart
ing paseenger on the Manoa yesterday,
for feaa Fraaeisco. ' .y , -.. ,
Miss Adsle Pohlman departed on the
Manoa yesterday for a-thies months'
vacation oa the mainland.
Mrs. U J. Bntlel and Mis Edith
Jupp are recent arrivals at the Moana
Hotel ftvm Buffalo, Now York.
SaA Parker. Jr.. waa aa arrival ea
the Manna Kea yesterday from Hawaii.
i is registered at the Young Hotel.
H. L. Holstein, administrator of the
estate of the late Queen Liliuokalani,
leave ror Hawaii today. i
William Henry left for the mainland
yesterday oa the Manoa. Mr. Henry
will make an Independent Investigation
of the Montana .Bingham properties in
wnica ne i aeaviiy interested, r'
8. 8. Paison. who wa rcDorted to
have nailed on tb JCorea, did not in
fart leave until yesterday, being a pa
aenger in the Manoa. He was aecpm
panied by Mrs. Paxson and their in
fanu
Mrs. Marston Campbell waa a de
parting passenger on the "Manoa yes
erday. Mr. Campbell will visit with
her son, Marston Campbell, Jr., who is
an instructor of aviation at the Vni
versity of California at .Berkeley.
Dr. 0- F. Btraub, who has been doing
some special work at Stanford Univers
ity and in Eastern hospitals, is still in
Rochester, Minnesota, with the "May-
oa." He will return to .Honolulu some
time this month to resume his practise.
w. a. a.
PASHKNC1EB ABKIVBD
Ttr atr Manna Km from Lhatna and
nilo. April 2 H. B. Norrla. Mlaa K. Nor
na. Mlra If. G. HolUvan, Mm. R. H. Leach,
Mrs. W. C. White, Mias C. Hamilton, Ham
Parker Jt, F. M. Traxel Mr. and MY,
W. H. ft bit) man. Mrs. H. Hamaaka, Mrs.
rnnradt. Mlaa A. Dun. Miss U. Brown,
Mlm R. riuno, Mlaa fotta, - Mr. Cotta,
WAI T Kill
oouw
COLDS CAUSE HEADACHES
LAXATIVE BROMO (lUININE re
moves the cauae. Used the world over
to cure cold in on day. The signa
ture jIE.W. CROVB i oa each boa.
Manufactured by the TARIS MBDi
CINB CO., St Louis, U. A. A.
ntzmta. ' Mrs. I. - R. CummuiffS.
Pallia and child. Mrs. M. Malno. Mrs.
MaaUelrt, Miss Maxleld. Mrs.. Annual, MUl
('. Kujlwara, Mra. Y. Oklno, Sasaki,' T.
Nakauinra. Y. Hlvn. Mra. HolUda and In
fant. Mra. Harrison, Mlaa M. Carter, Mfcs
N. Carter. Mra. J. Carter, Mlaa thoy. jnhn
Hcott. Mini B. MeKlnner. Mr. aad Mra.
V. McKenile, Mlna H. rrasler. Mlas B.
Perdue. Mlas Kuby Horn. Miss M. Cor
haut. Mlaa J. Forrest. Mlas U Haberaar,
C. P. Pratt, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Hlni-ht
man, Mlas R. Wood, Mr. and Mrs. L.
Copeland. Mr. anil Mra. W. H. Hlaeow, Mr.
and Mra. r. Uoyrle. Mr. NiuarwirK, Mra.
V. Kllva. HIm M. Riley. W. B. PUtman,
. B. McKeaale, M. Ianario. J.- Krrreira,
at. Macbaao. i. w. t:ney, t. k. ui. i:
Lee. Mrs. Ualnec and Infant. Mra. Lude-
oian, Maater G. Mnaaman, Master K. Moan-
man, - Mrs. N. pseie, uaawa, Miyamoto.
M. Yamnmoto. Ah Cuoy, 1. atlna, James
H- Lau, N. Kawamoto, 8. Hoaokawa, Yo
ahtmura. Mra. Miyamoto and Infant. B.
Okskn, J. Monies. Victor. Tsmikswa, Ka-
miua. Amu. Tajima. ri. Nasauora. una
aada. Koaachl. rrebara. Ha kino, Murao
ka. G. P. Wilcox. Mr. and Mra. William
Walsh, Mlaa nls Brlsas, Kawal, L
cnanelle. H. M. Mayxovlca. ikabara, T.
Naaakl. Nakaahlma. Fajlmoto. Ishlkaws,
Nakamura. Nkama. Mrs. ft. C. Lovett, Mra.
B. N. Ijinua. Mr. and Mra. Charles Me
neae, R. A. Jenkins, W. U. Pohlnuua, Ma
dame Cleo, B. Adscbl. Mlga. Yagt
PAHSENOKKS DEPARTED
Hy atr. Manoa for Han Francisco. April
z mm. ii. t'. Anthony. Mlaa ii. Antuony
W. K. Brown. G. W. Beck, Mra. O. W
llek. Mlas 1.. M. Bruckett. Mlaa M. Cu
aat-k. Mra. Maraton Campbell Mra. A. W.
Carter, Mra. U. Carpenter. A. M. Carter.
C. II. Carter, Mrs. C. H. Carter, Mlas
Klorenc Carter, Oeorice P. Castle. Mra.
George P. Caatle, Mra. W. J. Crambley.
K. W. raveiiHrt. Mra. H. W. Karen port.
Mra. K J. Iianlela, Mra. Philip Krear, K.
Hampaon, Mra. K. Ilampaon, Mrs. I. M.
Ilerrii-k, William Henry. Mra. J. P,
Hughea. Mlaa K. Hoeho. Mlaa Km ma Holt,
Minn Hurt ha Jobnaon, Mlaa A. Jarcho, 8.
Kubey, Mra. H. Kntwy. Mlas K F. Kll
Mod. Mlaa K. Kelaer. Mra. J. Lehrfcld
Mlaa O. Lebrfeld, Mra. Parka Martin, H.
8. Murrla. J. T. Molr, Jr.. Z K. Myers.
Mrs. Z. K. Myers. Mrs. A. Mathea, Mel
Maedooald, Mra. Nlel Macdonald, Mlaa
try Macdonald. Mlaa C. Macdonald. Mlaa
Jean Macdonald. Jack Nlahlwakl, Mr. U.
11. Newcoinb and Infant. B. p. Paxson,
Mra. H. M. Paxaoo and child. Mrs. G. M.
Putnsui, Mlaa Adele Poblman, ' B- F.
Btever, H W. Bob u It la. Mra. It. W.
Hchultla. Mra. M. J. Htevena, A.' Bcbncks.
Mra. A. rkhucka. Mlas Helen gcbacka, Mra.
William Bcbwlnd. Dr. I. J. Hlwuherd,
George W. Hteele. Mrs. George W. Bteels,
Mlaa I.llllan Beott, Mra. Georra Hcott.
Mra. Prank ftparka. Fred Volkerk. D. T.
Wells, Mrs. I). T. Wells, Mlaa Alunla West,
Mra. W. L. Whitney, H. W. Wolaoer. Mlaa
Kraneea Winter. H. T. Wluant, Mra. B.
T. Wlnant and infant, Mlaa Jesal Kenne
dy. Mlaa R. l'f elder. Miaa M. Pfellter.
By atr. Mauna Kea for Labalna and
Rllo; April C , U Camiibell. M. M- Iu
aon. A. I HllrnJ feen F. Vlekers, A. PtonrT.
H. K Brysnt. Mlas Inns Wodehonae. Mr.
and Mra. John Carpenter, i. Kniiulat, Max.
Helluaky. Mlaa Falke, I.leut. and Mra. Me
Cull. Major and Mra. Wayne, Mlaa Cornell.
Mlaa M. Otakl, Mlaa H. Mltaul, T. Kamoa.
Y. Kaaabara. A. W. mea. Mlaa L. llllde
braud. Ah Ctioy, Dal Kim, James Low,
Mra. M. Nakaiuoto, Mr. sud Mrs. K. Mat
uno snd two rblldren. Sam Kalua, Abe
Akana. W. K. Kopa. Mr. sod Mrs. Moto,
Mra. Mary Gouvela, Mra. A. Kokl. Bamaal
Parker Jr.. Kda-ur Henrlquea, A. B. Hale.
Mr. and Mra. f. A I.llley. K. Nomura, Z.
Huglhara. Cbariea Kavage, W. O. Keoueeke.
Nelaon Kau. Harry 11. Koug. Mr. and Mrs.
Harry Brooka, Mr. and Mra. T. W. Hte
vena. Mra. M. Weaver, 8. Yoahlmura, M.
Hlraoka. IHnboi) Libert, Mra. K. J. Har-l.olllt-,
Kd lrd. John Kbeedy. K. Woda.
M. Kobaysaht, Mr. and Mra. James Mbanka,
Mlaa Jean Hhankia. Mr. and Mra. i. C.
Hiinnka. MaHter Hbauka. Maater Hbanka,
Mlaa Hhanka. Mr. W. F. Thompwm, Mra,
J. Kauul. Mlaa Tbompaou. C. K. Miller.
I. Goldstein. T Nnrgaard, Mr. Hugbea.
By atr. Klnau for Kauai. April U Mr.
and Mra. T. W. Hturaia. Max Baaker, A.
F. Kuuilaen. Kdlth Hofgaard. Mlaa M.
Cuatro, Mra. c. W. Oemcr and three chil
dren, (ilady Vou Beggen. Mr. and Mra.
Idi-U-r, Frank Fernandea. L. J. Muadon. T.
J. Kreakey, Mlaa U. Kahanu. Mlaa Alii-e
KaliHfiu, 10. HiKldy. Alfred Gomea, C. Pa
ri.. II. Kenton Mind, Mra. C. M. Cooks Br.,
Mlaa Knadaen. I.ady Herrou. George An
uuu. George It. Carter. Mr. and Mra. Jj L.
Hobertaou. T. Kuiita, John P. Kniuanu
wnl. Isaac Kam. Mr. Agee, Harold Blee,
Kuoabs, G. Oyogi, C. Fujll. (
E
FOWHlEpE
Effort To Be Made To Hive Is!
- and Turned Over for Grazing;
; Would Solve Beef Problem ,
Wlth'tb expected transfer of the
Island of ' Kahoolaw back to the gov
ernment from the hand of the board
of agriculture and . forestry, today, an
effort will be mad on the part of per
sons interested ia the cattle situation
to hate the island placed ia the hand
of the I ad board for the purpose of
devoting it to gracing. ,
The ondertaknlg wlir be an out
growth of a campaign which . waa
started by th territorial food com
mission to have lands of the forest
servle turned over to esttle raising
and will follow a suggestion mad by
Dr. Arthur U Daan, president of the
College 6f Hawaii, and former execu
tive of th food commission, - ia the
same interest. '
It fa believed that the members of
the land board will, if the island i
transferred to them, be more inclined
to take step to have it pnt to use as
a cattle range, from which service it
wa withdraw when the board of ag
riculture and forestry undertook to
make ef It a forest nursery. This, on
aeeooat of the heavy wind and the
nature Of the soil, haa never been ac
complished, but it is said that the inl
and produces cattle feed that is unex
celled and can, with small outlay, be
equipped with a reservoir and tank
for watering cattle.
Can Prodaoe Beef
Eben Low, who was formerly inter
ested ia cheep raiting on the island
aid yesterday that 1,000 head of eattle
aa be raised on the island the year
round, and that at. the present time
there It a growth of kiawe beans on
the itlaad which ia going to waste and
which i excellent cow feed.
"At the, time that the territorial
commission nrged upon the forestry
board th necessity of throwing open
certain government land for cattle
grazing, this island was particularly
recommended and was especially urged
tiy Lootor uean," Mr. Low said yes
terday. "A a forest reserve the isl
and has been a failure, and at the
time this recommendation waa made
there was need of more range, as there
is now. The board was indifferent in
the matter, however. A product of
beef which might have done much to
relieve, present fears on this point
would have been available now, if
any action had been taken."
Tree Won't Grow
The top of the island is completely
denuded of vegetation and is so wind
swept that it haa been found to be
impossible to tnrn it into forest. The
island contain 3,000 acres, and, while
it . ha no streams, is so formed that
th runoff water eould easily be held
ia reservoirs. Tank for a thousand
eattle, it is argued, would not have
to be extensive.
Attempt which wer made to grow
tree on th bland resulted (-disastrously
and- have proved that it cannot! be
utilised for thia purpose. . Out of" 373
ironwood and eucalyptu trees set out,
only thirty-two lived. The heavy
winds accounted for all of the euca
lyptus tree snd most of the iroawood.
Eben Low, who made an attempt to
raise tree on the island previous to
the government, had no better success.
Several trees which he planted four
year ago are now, he say, only eight
feet high.
Spineless Cactus
. Qerrlt 2. IWilder,, Volenti ire Holt
and Mr. Low have successfully start
ed spineless eactu on the island, which
is Una eattle feed. Their method of
doing thia was to graft the spineless
variety on the ones that grow in pro
fusion on the island, with the result
that they now have a plant which hus
the spineless leaves at the top and
the spines at the base, which are in
tended to prevent the cattle from de
stroying the plants. The snineleas
cactus was brought by M. Wilder
from the United States experimental
station.
Th meeting to discuss the fate of
Kahoolawe Island will be held at nine
o'clock thia morning at the government
nursery on King Street.
W 3
AMERICAN AEROPLANES
GET NEW MARKINGS
PRESIDENT RULES
AGAINST RODUlSOri
V v . L -J ii J ' S "
Plea of Kauai Man For Low "
" - DraftHCMssIficaflon ' t r
, iJupnedppwn J ' t '
Aylmer F. Robiason, son of Aubrey
Bebinaon, tie an-nr inornate of Kuu
ai, who il eared to I'rssiCont , Wilson
for low 4laaiflratidnV In ,Jrart rvU:
l.ecntise ef his allegation Be w t'.ie
sale managing head oai'iaaar.Msarjf ag
ricultural ento.p.ise, hits lust hi (.a.ie,
the Treaident having decided that he
must be classified in tC, a "(killed
frm." - ' ' '
The decision of th President reach
ed Capt. H. Gooding 'Field, selective
draft officer for Hawaii, yesterday, and
was communicated tdVtke District
Board, which had refused to sanction
Robinson ela(n) and originally placed
him ia Class 1, Subject to th first esll
for draftees from th Territory,
ueapite tne extreme effort of yonng
Robinson to have th President in
tercede in hi behalf, and after having
Francis Gay, of Kauai, carry hia ap
peal from Kauai to Waahington, the
District Board's classification wa
merely modified,' reducing the regie
trant from Class 1 to Class 2.
Beccnt instructions from th provost
marshal general 'a office at Washington
prohibit any registrants classified in
losses 1 and 2 from leaving the Ter
ritory, and it ia assumed from this
that Hawaii's quota of draftee will
be drawn from both classes.
Robinson 'a Claim
When draft ag. young men first
filled out their questionnaires, Aylmer
llobinson claimed low classification on
the ground of agricultural occupation
asking to be classified in 4 C. He
claimed that he was the sole managing
head of an industrial enterprise which
was neceasary to the internal welfare
of the country in time of war.
1 he Kauai local draft board recom
mended that Kobinson'a claim be al
lowed, which would, in consequence,
place him in 4C, or so far dowa the
line that he would not be called to
service.
The Territorial District Board de
nied the claim. The Kauai local board
then requested that the case be recon
sidered, which the district board hero
consented to do by a vote of five Jo
xero. Following this vote the district
board voted to place Robinson in
Class 1.
Hobinaon then decided to appeal to
the I'reaidont through the provoat mar
aKal general, at Washington, and
thronjh the proper channels, by way o!
the selective draft headquarters in Ho
nolulu. The matter reached the Presi
dent in due course, and the decision,
aa reported from the provost marshal's
office to the selective draft headquar
ters here was as follows:
President' Dedalos -
"The decision of the district board
for the district of Hawaii denying
the etaim for deferred classification in
respect to Aylmer F. Robinson, ha
been modified, and the registrant re
classified in Class 2, division C."
This is final, the President having
the I list say in a draft apeal.
The decision also takes Mr. Robin
aon entirely out of the agricultural
category, for exemption purposes, and
merely classifies him as a "skilled
farmer."
Tho progress of the appeal to Wash
ington met with a series of adventures.
Mr. Gay, who is said to have carried
the matter to the national capital,
started for ban Francisco on a Mataon
teamer. By reason of having to tow
a disabled vessel to port, the Mataon
steamer returned to Honolulu after
having been within three dnya aail of
San Franc.'taeo. He had to wait for
the aailing of the vessel again and waa
conaiderably delayed in reaching
Washington. The decision of the Pres
ident, however, was not delayed to any
extent.
Thia ia the only appeal from the Ha
waiian Ialands which actually went to
Waahinffton, although two others ap
pealed from district board deeiaiona
and tin, id tbey intended taking their
cases to the Nation's executive.
W. a. a.
WASHINGTON, April 2 (Associat
ed Press) It waa announced today
that the United Htutea signal corps
markinga of aeroplanes will lie re. I
white and blue bull's eyes on the
wing and stripes on the rudders.
MURDERER SENTENCED
Herniogomes Alcantara,, Filipino, whe
was unuar sentence or death for six
mouths while his rase waa pending in
the supreme court, and who was re
ceutly grunted a new trial by the au
preme court, pleaded guilty to a rhargt
of murder in the aecond degree yeater
day in the circuit court before Judge
William It. Heen and waa sentenced to
serve from twenty to thirty ycara in
Oahu prison.
REPORTER ONCE HERE
DEAD AT CAMP LEWIS
CAMP 'LEWIS, Waahington, April 2
(Asaoeiated I'reas) Alfred Hall
supply sergeant for the 322nd Kiel
Artillery regiment, ami formerly a Ho
nolulu reporter, died here today.
w. a. a.
ARM TORN OFF
Caught hy a rock crusher, Joe Rode
rlgues had hia arm torn off. The n
dent occurred at lloiiomu, Hawaii, and
the unfortunate man did not lime con
sciousness, despatches from Hilo re
eeived yesterday aaid.
w. a. a.
Charged with being implicated in an
opium HinupL'linff ileal which involved
$15,000 worth of the drug found on tin
premises of M. Fuiiwara, a plumber
four Japaneao were arrested yeHtcrdu
by United Htates Marshal J. J. Hn.iit
dy. Their namer - are Jukichi lahil
Hhlyouhito Haniauo, Toahivuki Hnrin
and K. Fuiiwara. Horio waa pluced
under $500 bail and tho rest under
2500 each.
BANANA VENDOR SHOT
AND KILLED .BY BOY
Gun
Accidentally Discharged,
Youth Says
Nakamura Yoichi, a Japanese banana
vendor, residing at Kaneohe, was al
most instantly killed aa a result of a
ahot fired accidentally by Nonh Hniffen,
a youth of twolve years. The shooting
occurred yesterday morning. Young
Hniffen is being held at the boy detec
tion home pending investigation which
will be held in the juvenile court this
afternoon. A coroner's inquest will be
hld tomorrow afternoon.
According to the statement made by
the Hniffen lad to Joseph Leal, juven
ile officer, the boy wa gunning for
aparrowa on River street yesterday
afternoon with a .22 calibre rifle. He
was about to shoot at a bird on a
telephone polo when someone shouted
to him. He swung the gun around and
Bays that it was accidentally dis
charged, Yoichi waa taken to the emergency
hospital where he died shortly after
his arrival. An examination made by
Doctor Ayer showed that the bullet
had entered Yoichi 'a head at the baso
of the brain.
W. 8. 8. 4
TAKE CARE OF YOURSELF.
If you want u clear head and good di
geatiou you must not lot your bowels
become clogged with poiaonoua waste
from the body, aa is ulWuya the case
when you become constipated. Proper
food, au abundance of water and plenty
of outdoor exercise should keep your
bowels regulur. When that fails you
ahould tuke Chamberlain's Tub lets.
They cauae a gentle movement of the
bowels and are easy and pleasant to
tuke. For sale by all dealers, lieuson,
Biuith t Co., agents for Hawaii. Advt.

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