Newspaper Page Text
,' '1 '.
HAWAIIAN GAZIRTTK.; WESDAY. i ArRIT,
V: 191fi;v-$.KMIrWEKLy. ,
Splendid General ipf Industry Ac
complished Great Things But
v Greater Projects
(From Friday Advertiser)
.lamea H. t'aMle, oni of the builder
of Hawaii in the tmet sense paed
quietly out of life nbout quarter after
three yesterday morning. Rt bin rfJ-
Ietue Rt vV'sikiVi. 'A drain rmt to
hi in hit was mirroutided by hia family.
He hml slipped into ' unconxclouRneS
about fifteen minute before death
a me. Mr. Oaatle had been Ktiffpring
'r.'in n nervou breakdown and inom
nin during the pant few week but thee
had been no intimation that flital ri
suits might be expected.
Among knmaninun and in "th tiiiaitte
Arid word of the death of James B.
(ntle caused dep regret yesterday.
Horn in Oohu of one of the old fami
lies, long a prominent figure in the
affair of the Islands, one of the moat
towering giants of industry that the
Inlunda have produced, "Jim" OnMl
wm known to every kajainntna and J.
R. Castle waa equally kuown in the
whole business world.
Kur many years, practif ally all hi
life. .1. B. CnMtle had been a sufferer
from nervou diaordera. These did not
prpi-ludo hi intense business nativities
nnr prevent hla auereaa in life though
thv mused him much Buffering. Fol
lowing the rloaing of a large husiaea
deal fur the Koua plantation Mr. Cant la
suffend from a nervous breakdown and
retired to bin Waikiki home to re.it
luit he grew worw inatend of better.
Hi friend had known of hi ill health
but not of the Veal serionstie of it.
Business House dot
Heveral hnaineaa house with which
Mr. Castle 'hail close and intimate eon
neetiona closed their door iu respect
to hia memory yesterday afternoon.
The mayor ordered the city offices
t lotted alao.
James Bicknell Castle wa one of the
"Miaaion Children," a Hon of H. N.
anci Mary Castle. Ha waa born at the
Caxtle home in Kawaiahao, now the
Y. W. C. A. Homestead, November 27,
lrt.w, and a an one of a family of ten
children, aix aona and four daughters.
Mr. Castle received his earlier educa
tion at I'unahou and went from thera
to the preparatory school at Oberlin,
but hia eduration never ended, his iu
t.elleetual growth was never haltod but
continued through his life.
During the early '80s he spent several
months in Europe ami it was there he
met M'ihs Julia White, who became his
wife. She wns a dnughter of Nelson
1. White, a manufacturer of Wynchen-
With Cutis it Cooke
Returning to . Honolulu, he eutered
the employ of . Castle. ;, Cooke, where
lie ycry soon' developed nt - bos iu ess
capacity of a high order, aud grew up
ilitimntely connected with the develop
ment of that concern as one of the
leading sugar factors of Hawaii.
When IS. K. Dillingham started hia
projects for Oahu, including the rail
way, J. B. Castle, together with hia
father and his brother, W. U. Castle,"
became identified with the sugar in
dustry, the others being influenced in
the move by J. B Castle. Kwi waa
leased by W. H. Castle and J. B. Cast In
took up Kahnku. This he put on its
feet and turned over to Alexander
Another master feat of J. B. Castle
was securing the Hawaiian Commercial
nnd Hugar Company from Spreckei at
a cost of 2,01K,000. Into this venture
he put practically all of hia own capital
und all that he could raise.
Meantime he hair" spout a few years
at his wife's former home iu Mama
chusctts, returning to throw himself
aCsiin into the business affairs of Ha
waii with his characteristic energy.
Makes Rapid Transit
More than any oue else it was J. H
Cnstle vthn pulled the Honolulu Rapid
Transit Company out of its troubles und
put it upon its feet. With the stonk
selling at fifty cents on the U)llnr and
bankruptcy proceedings threatened, he
put his capital and his energies into the
enterprise, against 'ie advice of manv
t'riends, put it 011 sound financial foot
ing and helped it on its way to divi
Cue of the purposes which Mr. Castle
hud iu life was the liottermeut of the
civic population of the Inlands. He
wanted white immigration. He wanted
n better class than had been brought.
He favored the idea of ventral mills
with smaller planters furnishing the
cMie, these financed dud aided, when
necessary, by the central plantations.
The centrals would furnish the trans
portation, anil such needed financing.
It was to carry out these plaus that he
undertook his Kona ami Windward
Oahu projects. Ho spent-half a million
dollars to earry hia theories into effect.
Iu tbia rouneetiou it may be. said be
was the first to advocate profit sharing
with laborers and introduced the plan
ou Ewa. It failed at that time only
because the white contractors employed
.lapnnpse aud drew the profits instead
of working for these profits.
But he was not a man who was con
tent, as long as he had abounding
health and energy, to sit (puetly by
and enjoy the fruits of success. As
muii as Hawaiiau Commercial and the
Hjipid Transit were pronounced suc
cesses he disposed of his interest in
both to devote his genius to other en
terprises. He was ambitious to carve
success out of localities which had baf
'lcil the enterprise and -energy of oth
n, nnd for this reason, against the
judgement of ninny of his friends, ho
put everything he could lay his hands
upon into the development of a sugar
I Imitation in Kona, ou the Island of
1' iwriii. und to increase the usefulness
if 1 he buck side of this island. He
believed strongly that that land ought
to be made to yield sustenance 11 11 I
employment to many people. The lim
its of this notice will not allow a re
view of the struggles th sough which
these enterprises have passed in the
last ten or fifteen years, but it Is uf
ileieut to say that wheu he sold out
I the Kona plantation only n few- days
ago 10 -rue company which now con
trol , it it waa pronounced a success.
ntrprtM 6a Windward Oahu
, Hit enterprise has developed much
I or ths iortheastern side of this island.
I It waa ha who built and ha tnain
' tninext th Koolau railway, running at
1 present from Kahuku to Kahana, and
J he brought under cultivation Jong
ltretehes of land theretofore .not pro-
nucing nnyining, excepting ree1 for a
tfew goat and some cattle, with sugar
scsne, which has also proved a aueeeaa.
The railway i yet in its infancy, but
his plans, looking Into the future, were
1 to continue the road down through
Kaneohe and Kailun. thence antering
; Honolulu by way of a tunnel through
tne mountains at some point probably
in Knuanu Valley, and had he lived it
is probable that this plan would have
' been carried out and the whole wind
ward side of the island would thereby
i have suddenly been opened for nse by
j the population of Honolulu, thereby
j adding to the growth and Importance
1 of this aide. ' But there were other
' things In store for him. This wa in
I connection with his "central milla"
' project looking to the betterment of
' the character of citizenship. After
I the settlement of the Kona matter he
1 aaid, "Now I am going out home to
I rest," and from that rest he has never
J Eiciting Episode
Though cenernl of industry. J. B.
1 Caatle waa content to serve as a pri-
vate where such services were needed,
' la the revolution' he served in thai
capacity and it waa then that he under
went one of the thrilling scene of his
lifo. He waa with "Charley" Carter,
brother of former Governor George E.
Carter, when the latter was shot on
January 7, 1895. This occurred at the
Henry Bertelmann residence at Wai
kiki. He and Charles L. Carter led
a posse that .had gone there and was
fired upon. Carte? fell, shot through
the stomach. This waa the first real
clash of the revolution.
Of Fine Intellectual Nature
. Very few of the people thrown In
eontact with J. B. Castle in business
had any idea of the fine intellectual
nature behind all the push and energy
of business. He gradually became
possessed of a very fine library, which
for many years has been the delight
of hia too few spare hours. He was
a (rreat reader and a reader of litera
ture of a high order. He had a wide
and intimate acquaintance with the
best authors. His interest in gTeat
world questions, boWever, was keen op
to the very end. He watched all moves
of the war and recognised at once all
of the important things contained in
the newspapers, and he appreciated
what each event might mean in weaving
the great web of the future.
With a few others he bad en enthus
iastic belief -that the great war is to
be a great purifier, and that a ehaat
ened and punished world will emerge
from it the better for all of its hor
rors and terrible experiences. Only
a few dnys ago, in conversing with the
family, he said that he could see the
breaking of the day and he looked with
eager and unquestioning faith for the
great light which the rising sun was
to throw upon the world.
Mr. Castle leaves a widow and one
son, Harold K. U Castle. '
W. I. a.
BUSINESS CENTER OF
KANHAf CITY, April 5 fAaaoci
nted l'ress) - Three blocks in the heart
of the wholesale district waa burned
over by a quick and tremendous fire
today. Kighteen store aud warehouse
buildings were destroyed and the loss
will befrom 3,000,000 to 5,000,000.
The iTre warden advances the theory
that the tire was the work of an inoeu
diarv. w. i. a.
STUDENT AVIATORS MEET
KKV WKST, Florida, April A (As
sociated Press) "Htudent Aviator
Thumaa W. Katou of Wilmington, Del
aware, was killed and Student J. Mit
chell Jr., seriously injured in e colli
sion which occurred between their
pJun? ut the uaval aviation
w. a, a.
NORWAY LOSES NINETEEN
SHIPS DURING MONTH
WASHINGTON, April 8 (Associat
ed Preas) The Norwegian legation
hore today received an official cable
gram that nineteen Norwegian ships
were submarined in March, .with a loss
of life of forty-four seamen.
w. a a.
TAKE CAEE OF YOTJBBELF.
If you waut a clear head and good di
u tuition you must not let your bowels
become clogged with jssisonous wsste
from the body, as ia always the case
when you become constipated. Proper
food, an abundance of water and plenty
of outdoor exercise should keen, your
bowels regular. When that fails you
should take Chamberlain's Tablets.
They cause a gentle movement of the
bowels ami ure easy and pleasant to
take. Kor sale by ail dealers. Benson,
Smith & Co., agents for Hawaii. Advt.
JAMES BICKNELL CASTLE
T i j-r-
VIENNA BELIEVES 1JAPAN LANDS FORCE
PEACE TALKS ON
Latest Rumors Say Negotiations
Opened. Between Czer
nin and Wilson
NEW YORK, April 0 (Associated
Press) Wilson nnd the United Htates
are now involved in the alleged uego
tiationa for peace with Austria. The
reports that the 1'nited States aud
France have entered or shown willing
neas to eater npon such negotiations
are persistent in Austria, even, in hih
parliamentary circles. Czernin still in
sists that he was correct in his asser
tions tbat overtures toward peace had
tteen received from France.
In a Vienna telegram to a Munich
paper, news of which has been received
by way of Zurich, it is asserted thnt
parliamentary circles in Austria be
lieve that negotiations have been open
ed between the 1'nited Htates and Aus
tria, conducted between Wilson ami
von Czernin directly.
From Amsterdam there were receiv
ed mesaasea which aaid a Vienna an
nouncement reiterated the assertion of
von Czernin that a conversation rela
tive to peace had been held between
France 'and Austria.
TAKEN WITH DOUBT
NKW OHK, April ft -I Associated
I'ressi - (iermo Turkish forces to the
northeast of Jericho, have driven ImcR
the ltntish from Amman, is the oili
rial announcement that has heeu made
in Herlin. j
Otlii ial Kritish reports recently told
of a cavalry raid by the Hritish which;
rut the lliijas railway and then with
drew. It is believed that Berlin re (
port icl'ers to this exploit in which, 1
actually, the Hritish achieved all whiihj
w. .. 3. ;
MAY SIMPLIFY WRITING I
Pilll.ADKLPHIA, April (As-;
soeiuted Press) A movemeut to si ill
plify the writing of Chinese characters
which will mean much to the 10,000
newspapers in that country and to all
the peoples as fell, ia on foot in thnt
country, according' to Bishop Wilson
H. Lewis, of Shanghai, who attended 1
the recent annual mooting of the Phi
ladelphia Conference of the Methodist
Episcopal Church. ,
The movement has been started by '
the Chinese government, Bishop Lewis
said, the aim being to so reduce the
time required to learn to read and
write that a hoy, who now must study :
until he is fourteen before he ia able
to read the newspaper, may get sufii I
cient education for that purpose by the
time he is eight. " I
w. a. a. I
EXPENSES OF WAR ARE i
NOW BILLION A MONTH
WASHINGTON, April 5 (Official)
--The war expenditures of the Cnited
States for the past year were about
nine billion dollars, of which morn thnu
half was loaned to the Allies. The uv
peases are steadily iucreusing as the
completion of plants, machinery an. I
other preliminaries permits heavy pro
dnctiou of war materials.' The expenses
are now about a billion dollars per
mouth. Officials expect the American
output for the coming twelve months
to amaze eveu America's owu uitUoui.
AT SIBERIAN PORT
Action Follows Demands
Money From Store By Five
. Armed Russians
WASHINGTON, April !-( Official)
l he Htnte department tbis evening
gave out the following statement rela
tive to the landing of Japanese forces
"The state department was inform
ed this afternoon that 'd ' amall Japan
ese -force has been; landw4 at Vladivo
stok. The landing followed a disturb
ance which was occasioned by five
armed Russians who entered a Japan
ese store aud demanded money of the
Japanese who were in charge."
The state department has let it be
know that it has not attached any
pnrticulnr political imw)rtance to the
NAVAL FORCER ONLY
IN LANDING PARTY
WASHINGTON, April, (Assoaiat
ed Press) The American, consul at
Vladivostok reported today by cable
thai Japanese naval fojc.es have been
landed at Vladivostok o protect life
, and property.
Five armed Bussians attacked a Jap
anese oltit'er who id used to give them
money. The Japunese was. killed and
two others were wounded, The land
' ing of the armed forces followed. No
1 great importance is attached to the
! . w. s. a
Telegraph, Telephone and Cable
Companies To Be Subject
WASHINGTON, April S ( Associat
ed I 'res-. 1- The interstate commerce
rnmmiion todnv ordered an investiga
tion of the divii-!il vnluation of forty
tic tcli'ruph and able company prop
rrllcs. Their timiincs are also to be
A siniiliH vulinituiii of the railroads
luih In en under nuv for years. It is
on lomtood that the initiation is under
token principulh t nisist the roinmis
sicin in paKin on the rate question.
The inspection will include the Com
noiicinl I'nciKc, M:o kay Telegraph and
('Hide Co. u ud the I'ostal Hues.
- w s. a. -
OFFICE IRKING HARD
W ASll IN 1 (TON, April 5 (Official)
'The Third I ilierty Loan cam
paign hturt i iiji tomorrow continuea
till May J. The lirnt, bond for this
drive vmih niinted in lea than an hour
after the 1'rei.idcot Mailed the new bond
In w . Kortv thousand more bonds were
printed todnv and .100,000 daily will
lie tin ned m I In rentier until the 19,
(Hio.ooii are completed. Secretary of
the TrcBBury Mr doo announced today
that the IhhuIh Hill mature in ten years.
The oilmeriliers 111 list make an initial
payment of live percent. The other
naynicritr. of twenty, thirty-five and
I'oity percent are doe rcupec lively May
L'd, July ia and Auguat 10.
nu vein a 1 1 a i ure
Purification of Lists Would De
termine Those Who Are
MEN UP TO FIFTY YEARS
MAY NEXT BE LISTED
Local Boards Would Become Em
ployment Bureaus For Nee
117 ASI 1 1 N iT ., April
( Assc niatt-il l'ress fuiDna
.it modifications ot tin1 draft Has-
silioation list, winch will tnnre or
' direct 1 .illect the statu of
each ;md every one of the mil
lions of registrants are proponed
in a plan which was vestertUv
iubmittcd to the l'i evident by of
(icials of Provost Marshal (iencr
al C'rowder's o flier, and from the
drpartntent of labor. This is noi
expected to delay the draft of
class A men, however, and prep
.tratiotts appear to lie going for
ward for an early call for th
mobilization for the first targe
numbers on the second draft ca
indicating that the call mav be
expected to come soon.
The primary purposes of the
proposed new plan of classifica
tion is to bring about the "purifi
cation" of the second, third and
fourth classes of registrants. The
plan will determine what mem
hers ol those classifications are
not engaged in "productive" in
dustries. The effect of this will
be to utilize the draft and exemp
tion boards and the machinery of
the draft law to put to work jjn
dustrial slackers", that is those
whose labor is now of no partictt
lar value to the country in the
carrying forward of its war ef
REGISTER UP TO FIFTY
Those who are close to the ad
ministration declare that the next
step to be taken will be to obtain
authority for an industrial claa
sification of all those citizens and
residents of the country who are
under fifty years of age so a to
obtain a definite idea of the man
lwwer of the nation under that
Call Coming toon
It became authoritatively .known
yesterday that orders for the mobilise
tion of a large number of draftees a
der the second call .are sooa to be Is
The flow of men from now on will
be determined by the seeds of General
t'ersniug's army In Franco. An aver
age of 00,000 a month, whleh it now
tfiven as the estimate, mar be exceed
eil or decreased accordingly as the de
velopment of the war makes It acces
sary to send more or less men.
Four hundred photographers regis
tered in the draft were today called to
mobilize on April 15. They are to be
ukciI in the air service.
w. a. a.
J. HENEY RESIGNS AS
PROSECUTOR OF PACKERS
WASHINGTON, T. C, April 6 (A
Hociated l'reaa) Attorney Francis J.
Il.-n.'v has resigned as rounael for the
fclernl trade eommlasion in the 'probe
of the tacking industry. Officials here
nv that lleney has completed the eav
n'init the packers.
Then It's Time to
Call a Halt
If yuu drink beer or liquor, even
moderately, look out for kidney trou
hie. Alcohol will weaken the kidney"
in time and then you may expect uri
1111 i.v difficulties, backache, rheumatic
ntturka, dizry spells, nervousness, or
nick headache JKn 't wait for worse
iroul.lin. Cae Doan ' Backache Kid
m Pills. They help weak kidnevs.
1 uliatever the rauae. Thousands tbauk
loan for rpjick relief.
When Your Back ia Lame Be in em
liei the Name." (Don't simply ask for
a kiduev remedy aak distinctly for
IIoiui'm Backache Kidney Pills and take
no other). Doan 's Backache Kidnev
I'iIIn ure noli! bv all druggists and store
keepers, or will be mailed on receipt of
price by tne uomtter Urug Co., or
itennou '""lith A o., agents for the
Hawaiian Ialaads. (Advertlaemeat)
17 XT HP 17a 7 rr T7 T
TOLL FROM ENEMY
nurledJntQ Inferno of Shot and
Shell By HtyH Command
NI'.W Yk, April (--(Associated Tress) Since Thursday,
along a twenty-live mile front, the battle on the I'icardy line
has been resumed in an Intensity' that has not been surpassed since'
th Germans lirvt launched their huge offensive. Undeterred by
ihe excessive casualties their massed attacks brought them in the
first week of tins battle, the German
ing great mask's of men against
turning again and again to the
bfcclf with staggering losses.
These maed attacks have
tory to the Germans, but at no crucial point liave the lines recede J
and at some points the Kntente troops have launched counters that
have regained ground lost earlier in the week. At the two points
where the Hritish and French have
oufdaughts the territory abandoned
to the Germans 1 he tremendous
'.' ' OLD EFFORTS ARE RENEWED
The new German offensive appears to have for its, object an
ither effort to drive a wedge between the British and French an.l
;he capture of the important railroad center at Amiens, with the
purpose of cutting the railroad
.iependent for north and south movements behind the present front.
The battle is raging from a point
iistance north of Montdidier.
., At a point a short distance southwest of Albert the British have
fallen back while the French line
the Germans have gained the hamlet of C'astel. These two tsnnts
tave been the storm centers of the German assaults.
DETERMINED TO HOLD
At Castel the Germans are now only three miles away from the
ParivAmiens railroad, but it is not regarded as probable that they
will be able to force their way forward for further gains. The main
line of the Anglo-French sweeps around Amiens twelve miles tc
the. east, and it seems, probable that here the Allies 'will take a
termite, stand. . . .
Their positions are admirable for defense, the terrain being
mch that further attempts of the Germans to advance will bring
hem in the open under ihe artillery and rifle fire of troops well
entrenched on high ground. The
ffered all the way from Albert to Montdidier since the storm of
this latest qffensive broke on. Thursday demonstrates the-determination
of the Allies to recede no further and to prevent any rupture
f the French and British lines and the exposure of either force to
t flanking attack. ' .
FRENCH COUNTERS GAIN
Five miles east of Lassigny, on the tip of the German wedge,
he French drove forward a counter, that regained . the. village of
Orvitlers-Sorel, while between that point and Montdidier further
ground ,was regained nea. Grivesrysf .!, I4 ', ); '
; -J- An official despatch itattf Pint last night Wated'that the-. Ger
mans had abandoned their attacks immediately -north ,i MotUdi
Jter, the suspension of the assaults being taken" advantage of by
the French to launch & late counter, which, regained the villages of
Camigny, Ma illy and Rameval. ' -W.w. .'v ' ' .'
BRITISH OFFICIAL STATEMENT o ,
A British official statement, dealing wltrtAb; fighting r before
Albert said that the-Germans had launched heaVy. infantry attacks
between the Somme and the Ancre, centering in violence around
he vicinity of Bucquoy. TheseWylli.'detllMHWuiiX' .
unsuccessful, while the yermans sunered heavy .casualties.
It is admitted that the British Ttues. ea$t of Ajmieivs have bert
iressed back to positions east of VillerV'anH Bretonnux,"while the
'"eman masses hurled against the British between ,thetuce4 and
Somme Rivers -were repeatedly thrown back, witVjtrernen4ous losses.'
The Evening Standard, reporting yeterday'f, early, fighting, stat
ed tluit the Germans had made a concentrated attack from Dernan
ottrt, south of Albert, to Moyen-Ncville, north of the Somme, mak
ing a slight gain at the first place but being elsewhere repulsed.
. , BERLIN COUNTS PRISONERS
Berlin makes -no official report of Thursday's or yesterday's
fighting, but issues a new and larger claim to prisoners and guns
aptured. To date, in the great offensive, ninety thousand prison
rs have been taken,- according to the German war office, and the
oil of captured guns amounts to over thirteen hundred.
Terror and Panic
After AM Raid
Two Hundred and Forty-eight,
Half Soldiers, Are Killed and
Citizens Stay Concealed For
GENEVA, April ft (Associated
Press) Haary loans of Ufa, many
injuries aad fraat property 1 oases
wars lnfllcta ut tha last air raid ou
Cologn by tas'AUlsa and a relfn
of tarror wa uupirod anion tbs
clUietiry who took abetter in cellars
from which they: ware alow to ds-
part. These details are told In
usws sf the raid which has Just
The AHled raiders dropped bombs
and explosives with ft terrible ac
curacy and ut large quantities.
The death list is aaid to have nu:u
bered 818 of whom hahf were sol
dlers on a train standlnf at the sta
tion and which WM about W) laare
for the Plcardy from..)
Throughout the 0ty,a panic en
sued and so great waa the terror
which the raid inspired that the
cltUenry refused to Leave the shel
ten which they , had sought for
more than twelve hoars after ths
raid had ceased.
w. a. s.
HOT 8 TON, Texas, April 6 -(A.n
elated l'ress) John Maun and Walter
Matthew, to negro privates of the
370th lufantrv, were shot todav at
tamp l.of;an. iney naa murdered i n
vate Kalph Foley, who wa 011 duty at
ths guard house.
T? T? T7VT tyT? "
Back Masted' Forces
high command is again throw
the French and I'ritish lines, re
attack and bring as often thrown
brought sonic flight gains of terri
fallen back before the German
is unimportant and not worth
sacrifice in life they made to se
upon which the Entente is largely
from far north of Albert to a short
has yielded west of Morinel, where
stern resistance which has been
Long Range Rifle
Described In Amsterdam Paper
and Surmise Is That Huns.
Purpose To. Give To London
Taste of Frighttulriess ; ,
AM8TEJUDAM.A.pril ft (Aseo- '
1 la ted Preea)OiM of Oenoany'a '
long rang gnna, one which la be.,
Ueved to. be similar to .the onaa
which have heen throwing shells at
Paris practically from the begin
ning of the Oarmaa offensive on
the Western front, passsd through
Belgium from Esoen on hlonday.
This la reported la Lea Nouvelles
Maaatrlcht,. , 1 . .
That publication says that the
barrel ef the gun la Between twen- :
ty and twentysflva meters la length
1 (slxtyetghi to eighty-four fet)
1 and its caliber la between twenty
I and twentyve sjeatlmateri (be
tween aevea ejid nine Inches),
j It la punnlsjd that the purpose
of the movement' Of this gan In
I that direction la to Install It at
some point on the Belgian Coast
from which It can ha directed at
London and to thus give to the
I British capital axperieacea such aa
! the French capital haa been suffer
I ing from.
w. g. a. -
RED CROSS HELPS
WASHINGTON. April 6 (OrhVlah
The American Bed Cross today gav
the Canadian Bed Cross $500,000 for
I war relief.
I IJ. 1