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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, April 26, 1918, Image 5

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-04-26/ed-1/seq-5/

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HAWAIIAN4' GAZETTE. . FRIDAY, AFRIL 26. , 1918SEMl-WERrttV.U " ''!
.- , ' . . . .- , ' .. , '
mm.
FORIilSTO
-.i.i. -S J "
1 . ' -
Meanwhila They Harry German
Lines and Give the Enemy No
Rest Canadian Carry Out
Raid Almost Every Hour On
Their, Front '
BRITISH AIRMEN ARE V '.
ALSO BUSILY RAIDING
Petain Expresses His Readiness
Jo Meet Next', Onslaught and
Shows -Assurance By Resum
ing Jssuancepf. Furloughs :
N?W yORK'April 24 (As
., Bociated lWs)--While tht
Germans pre . mailing (" for a re
tumptiop of their main offensive,
the British and French are conr
fidently awaiting' the coming
smash, in the meanwhile feeling
out the enemy with numerous
raids and disorganizing their con
centrations with repeated aerial
attacks.
The Huns, according to des
patches from Berne, are reinforc
ing their ranks with large forces
of Hungarians and are dearly
' preparing . for the anticipated
drive south from the Armentieree
salient, along the Robecq sector.
Men, guna and supplies art being
poured into this front, with the
British bringing up reserves be
hind their fighting line to hold the
German effort. The Hungarian
reinforcements are passing to the
front through Liege, while other
Hungarians are being sent north
to Ghent and Antwerp to do gar
rison duty, releasing the German
regiments for active fighting.
BRITT$H; GAIN LOCALLY
The British so improving their
lines along the threatened sector,
Field Marshal Haig's statement
last night reporting gains east of
Robccq and at Meteren, where
many German prisoners have
been taken. On the . Somme,
north of Albert, at which point
the second of the two expected
German drives is to be .launched,
the British raided the German
front lines, taking sixty prisoners
and destroying the defenses.
( n the Wytschaete sector,
which i- held by Canadians, the
(iernians have been given no
peace, the Canadians raiding at
seven different points within
twelve hours, returning with
thousands of gas projectors,
trench mortars, machine guns and
rifles. While these raids were
under way. Canadian trench mor
t a r s hammered the German
trenches at other points cease
lessly. ,
GERMANS ARE HUNGRY
( icrman prisoners brought back
by the Canadians say that a great
epidemic of trenebfeet is hamper
ing the German whik the ra
tions being served on the front
lines is greatly inadequate and
ihe Germans are growing despon
dent. British airmen have been very
active. On Monday night nineteen
tons of bombs were dropped on
the German stations and ammu
nition dumps, with good results.
During the raids many air battles
were fought in which the British
lost three machines but shot
down thirteen German planes
and destroyed two observation
balloons.
FRENCH FRONT QUIET
Practically all activity along
the French front has died down
with the exception of a few ar
tillery duels, the heaviest of
which is reported east of Rheims
ou the ('humpagne front and at points
on Hip Hoiiuiip front.
1'aris report Genera! I'etslu ax most
Kiiiti'ltiut of the smashing of the com-
SroHAWHBBASBS-1!
IMdedbyentenie
naval vessels
" ""'J j-.: : v tr-',. V-,
British ; and French ' Plug Two
; Exits of Bruges Canal In Bold
Maneuvers Decisive Check
- To U-Boats Expected; Within
Few Weeks V
' LONDON, April 24 Assoc lated
the first blow la what 1 be
lieved to be earefully planned out aaval
offoslv on the part of the Eeteote,
a raid la force wu made early. yetr
day morning against the Oermaa tub
man ne banes at oatend and ZeebrVtgge,
oa the Belgian eoast, at which porta are
the exit of the Bruges ship eaaaL
f Under cover of heavy amohe eereeaa,
raid by a fleet of French destroyers,
British fleet of obsolete eruisera, with
their holds filled with dry cement,
steamed into the two harbors, utnmei'
ed by the. heavy German shore batteries
end the, guns of Oermaa. destroyer.
When In selected positions the British
cruiser were abandoned by their crews
and sunk by iaternal explosions, the
raft eetttlog down across the harbor
channel. ' '
One Exit Blocked
; Ai Zeebrngg'. the principal sally port
for the Hun U-boats, the eruisera were
taken, well within the section of the
harbor one losed by the great mole end
snnk across tho entrance to the canal.
At Ostend the success of the attempt
to block the exit was not so completely
successful.
-In addition to sinking the eruisera, as
attack upon the Zeebrugge mole ' was
made, an old British submarine, filled
with,, explosive, being driven against
the piling protecting the mole. The
exploon which tore the submarine to
pieces also wrecked a Urge portion of
the mole, tumbling the concrete sections
into- the harbor and adding to the
blockade.
While these dashes were being car
ried out, a fleet of British coastal mon
itor bombarded the German shore bat
teries and defenses and a landing party
of British marines attacked the ahere
defenses from the rear.
Leader Among Killed
The British casualties were heavy, in
proportion to the desperate nature of
the enterprise. The crews of the ships
sank abandoned them under the con
centrated fire of the shore batteries,
making their escape in launches. The
crew of the snbamrine driven into the
mole took the same desperate chance
of death. Two of these launches were
blown out of the water and sunlo, in
one of them being the officer who
planned the raid and who led among
the volunteers carrying it out.
In addition to these launches, the
British lost one destroyer and two coast
al motorboata. One German destroyer,
caught fa the outer harbor at Zee
brugge, woa torpedoed and destroyed.
Wont Hornets' Neat
Zeebrugge and Oatend are two of
the' mala submarine .bases of the Ger
man, from which, the traffic of the
Channel, the southern end of the North
Sea and the eoaaf of-Trance la hunt
ed.' rfliaee .it occupation by the Gor
man, Zeebrugge has eea heavily for
tified. It, is particularly well adapted
as a naval base for submarines and
light vessels, as it is connected with
Bruges, seven miles distant, by a sea
going canal, finished ten years ago.
Torpedo craft and submarines, by rea
son of this canal, could lie safely at
Brugea, beyond the range of the guns
of the British fleet, and from their
refuge. could, sally out safely at night.
Ostend corresponds in advantages to
Germany with, Zeebrugge, except that
the Ostend branch of the canal is not
so well constructed a that at Zee
brugge and meana a longer voyage in
and out '
AMERICAN SHIPS ARE
TAKING A BIG PART
WASHINGTON, April 24 (Associa
ted I'rese) The impression prevails
here that the Entente raid against the
German submariue bases on the Bel
gian coast yesterday is the lannching
of a noil planned Allied naval offen
sive, as a result of which a definite
check of submarine activities may be
expected within a few weeka.
It is known here that the ships of
the American navy in European waters
are aiding in the offensive, but in ways
that cannot be disclosed at present
for military reasons. .
iio
TO ONE IN BATTLE
WASHINGTON, April 23 (Associ
ated Press) Details received of the
battle on the Toui sector between the
German and the Americans in which
the Yankee recaptured the village of
Bolcbeprey show that the Germans at
tacked in ovverwhelmlng numbers af
ter heavy artillery preparation and in
which gas and flame projectors were
used.
The German easualtiea are estimat-'
ed at about twice , those sustained by
the Americans, which are probably
more than two hundred.
Correspondent cable that the Amcr
iran fought gallantly despite heavy
odds, winning finally in dashing style.
The Germans finally fled in retreat leav
ing many of their dead behind.
ing German drives, evidencing this w
the resumption yesterday of the' isn
ing of furlougha to his officers un.l
men.
Official reports 'from Berlin ntntc
that the British infantry is very nc
tive between Lens and Albert, in ef
forts to retake some of the lost ground
The British efforts, says Berlin, hnve
all been repulsed.
A despatch from Moscow says that
the Germans in Finland are now mov
ing against Viborg, having capturu'l
l,ukhti. The Finland BoUheviki are
evacuating Viborg in the face of the
German threat.
r 11-
. r a j
"ilLlMOODY
END OF TRIAL
One Main Defendant Shoots and
,.-.v Kills Another In Court- and--rt
' IS Him&a f Chnt rtnuun nv.
w wis wsiwvj WWII
jury out siFffouRsr :
ACQUITS ONLY ONE
Case Had Whole World For
StaoeProminent Honolulan
Figured Largely In Plot
SAN FRANCISCO, April
..24 (Associated Press) Tr
Shortly sitex midnight, after "
having been out for six hours,
the jury in the trial of the
thirty defendants charged
with violation of the neutral
ity of the United States in
fomenting a plot for a revo
lution in India, returned ver
dicts of guilty to all the de
fendants except one.
The sole defendant declar
ed not guilty is John F. Craig,
president of the Craig Ship
building Compafiy of Los An-
Sentence will be pronounc
ed soon.
'RIAL ENDS IN A
SAN FKANCrSCO. Aoril 24Va...
elated Press) The Hindu conspiracy
ease went to the jury last night with
two of the principal defendant lying
a me morgue after one or the moat
dramatic tragedies ever Hinged in an
American court of justice. The two
dead men are Rnm Chandra, editor
of . the Hindu revolutionary naner
Ghadr", ami Bragwan Sinuh. Hindu
poet and philosopher, alleged to have
been the leading amit of the Hindu
revolutionists.
Early yesterdav afternoon, as Dis
trict Attorney Trerton whs Humming
up the ease for the prosecution, re
aponding to the argumcntM of the at
torneys for the defenne, Hinyh ,lrew a
revolver nnd turned it Rgniimt his fit!
low defeudant, Bam Chandra, the lnt
ter falling dead with a bullet through
hft brain.
Deputy Acted Promptly
Quirk as a flash, Itenufv diitcd
States , Marshal Holohan opened fire
upon the murderer, dropping him dead
btside the . man . he had murdered.
While With, b'is smoking gun he held
the other Hindus in their seats.
There was a tumult and panic in
thei courtroom, spectators scrambling
to escape from possible further shoot
ing, the jurymen scattering and the
notirt attendants flashing in to assist
Holohan should there bi further efforts
to aild to the panic on the part of the
surviving defendants.
Judge Van Fleet, who wa in liis
chambers when the shooting took place
hurried back to the courtroom, an. I
quelled the wild disorder, ordering the
room cleared. When order was restored
aud the bodies of the two dead lf
feudants removed, the trial wan re
sumed, with an army guard present to
preserve order;
Chandra a Traitor
In the course of the testimony it
had developed that Bam Chandra had
diverted funds collected for the pur
nose of furthering the revolution end
had used these to fatten hia own in
come. This revelation had turned his
fellow defendants among the Hindus
against him and feeling against the
editor had been running high. 8inh
in believed to have smuggled! the re
volver into ronrt for the purpose of
assasKinating the one he believed to
have been a traitor to the Hindu revo
lutionary cause.
Judge Van Fleet's Charge
lo his instructions to the jury, Judge
Van KJeet told the jurymen that they
could couvict or discharge any or nil
of the defendants, and that the guilt
or luiioccuce of any one or any num
ber of them should not affect the ver
(Kcls us affecting the other; The
fact that the Hindus may or may not
hnve been assisted by (iwnrtanv is
immaterial to the particular offense of
which the defendant are charged and
evidence of German complicity should
not affect tbe decision of the jurors,
the offense charged being that or
violating the neutrality of the 1'nited
States at a time when it was not at
war with Germany or acting as an
ally of the British.
The Judge passed over the inxtrur
tions that dealt particularly with the
two defendant who had been shot
down in the courtroom during the aft
ernoon. '
World as a Stage
The soealled Hindu conspiracy rase
had the world for its stae. It brouKht
to light a movement which admittedly
whs active simultaneously in many
world capitals "'to Overthrow British
rule iu tb4 J'utijab, and to extend revo
lutionary control until it should include
every principality in ' the vast Tudiui
empire. The government of the Unite.,'
States acted because it jvas alleged
that American soil was being used to
set up a military expedition agajrrs"
a friendly Power, aud thin wan 'lh
specirlc, charge against the' defendants,
of whom there were more than thirty
The case was more an airing of sev
eral separate conspiracies than u de
tailing of oue specific plot.
The prosecution brought in the names
of many noted men as principals
agents, or confidants in tbene alleged
cniiHpiracies. Count von Hernstorff,
former German ambassador to the I'uit
III!!
up
TRAGEDY IRKS
t Rtated M fellow" countrymen, II
T,n Lnxbnrg, formerly German!1
amimmnnor to tna Argentine Heimblt.
land Alfred Zimmerman, once Oer
!ma foreign secretary, were .alleged
la to, testimony to hsve been mentor
, of the plotters, supplying fund, ad
vice, BIKI ine open door to men I n nigh
place. Letters to i evolutionary lead
er claimed the support of Sir Rabla
dranath Tagore. Hritish India poet,
but not for war of bloodshed.
Maverick Trip a reature
- Gnn running under German Hindu
auspices ws. the whole nt.ory of. the
PcboonsT Annie hsrsen nnd the etvarcer
Maverick, ss told hv tho government's
witflnees. Evidence was offered to
show that the schooner left Ann Diet.
California, March n, 1015, taking a
snoO.OOO -cargo of arms an 4 ammunl
iron to the blesk island of RoeOrro. off
f the Lower Cslifornia coast, where the
Mavencs. was to take over the cargo
and-ran it into Singapore. The arms,
eordlnir to the testimony, were paid
ny tne uormnn liovernmcnt agent.
The Larsen waited a month for the
Maverick hut missed her and was
forred to return for supplies at Ho
qniam, Washington. where Vfnited
State nnthoritiiM seized her and her
cargo.
The Maverick after waiting a mrmth
aVflocotro Island, proceeded to Hilo,
secured new sailing orders and left for
Hatavln. and shortly after droped
from sight.
German Intrigue
Germnn intrigue run throutrh nearly
everything whii-h the government re
rountC'L Accor-lmg lo the evidence,
tho movement was directed bv 8orp-
t.try Zimmerman, working through the
"Ghadr" pnriv, hut presently there
was a split among the German con
trolled conspirators. Thereafter it was
testified, hundreds of thousand of dol
lars were poured out bv Berlin and
other strongholds of the conspiracy
through Dr. Chandra K. ChakravarH.
Chahravarty, Recording to the govern
ment, worked through Wolf von Igel
In New York most of the time, von
Igel reporting to Zimmerman.
It also wu sworn that Berlin main
tained a "Berlin Tndinn committee,"
financed partlv bv the Oriental junta,
nd Hindus in the 1'nited States. The
German consuln'c in San FranclseO re
ceived hundreds of thousands of dol
lar from Berlin for the conspirator,
!n addition to what Chakravarty got.
Defense Peoiod Everything
The. defense offered was a deiual,
general and specific, coutded with the
accusation that the government was
inting for Great Britain and not in
ood ,attH. As to tne Maverick expe
dition, the dt'feuse maintained that
Vessel was intended for the oil trade
among the South Hca islands. The
Larsen s arms were hbw! to he for Meat-
ran revolutionists. l no activities - or
the Oriental junta were admitted, as
were most of the allegations concern
ing the activities of the Chadr. party
in this country, but were held not. t
constitute a breach of neutrality. The
alleged military aspect of the plots
was denied.
Tho On Trial
The list of defendants actually on
'rial were:
Franr. Bonp, former Orrmnn consul
'general in Shii Francisco.
Wilhelm Von Brincken, military aide
In the consulate, who pleaded guilty,
nnd is awaiting sentence.
Dr. Chandra K. Chakravarty, Hindu
acre nV of the German government in
Now York and Washington.
Georg Rodiok, German consul gener
al in Honolulu, who pleaded guilty and
was fined 10,0(H).
H. A. Schroeder, Kodick 's secretary,
who pleaded guilty and was fined
10(I0.
Holert Capelle, former agent for the
North German Lloyd Steamship Com
pany in Han Francisco.
Tarak' Nath lns, head of the Persian
Chinese Japanese military junta.
Rnm Chandra, publisher of the
"Ghadr" (Revolution) nnd head of the
"Ghadr" party, who was murdered in
ourt yesterday by Bragwan Singh,
fellow defendant.
K. H. Von 8chack, an aide iu the
German consulate in Ban Francisco.
Bragwan Bingh. Hindu poet and phil
oHophcr, ami agent of the revolution in
various world capitals, who shot Kain
Chandra yesterday and who was him
self shot "down aud killed by Deputy
United States Marshal Holohan.
Henry Kauffman, chancellor of the
German consulate in 8an Francisco.
Kdwin Deinat and Heinrich Kelbu,
commanders of Germun merchant ves
els interned at the Hawaiian Islands.
Walter Kauerback, navigatiug officer
of the German gunboat Geier, interned
at Honolulu.
John F. Craitf. head of the I'rnig
shipbuilding yards, Long Beach, 'ali
'oruin.
J. ". Hi .nr. city attorney of Coro
uado, ('alifornin.
Charles Lnttendorff, agent of the
'iermau consulate in nan rrancis. o
Joseph L. Bley, a Sou Fmneisco ship
pinff broker.
Hern. ud Mauniug, agent of the Mexi
un government iu tho Maverick trans
actions.
Harry J Hart, a San Francisco ship
ping man.
Louis T. Hengstler, a San Francisco
admiralty lawyer.
Morris Stock vou Golt.elm, who net
ed us an aifcnt for the German coiihu
late in Han Franeiseo with (he
"Ghnilr" faction.
Gobind Sahara Lai, Hindu agent for
the revolutionists in London.
Thirteen Hindu representatives of
revolutionists in the Orient aud else
where. Manv others were indicted hut not
tried.
w. a. s
WOULD MAKE APRIL 6
L
WAMIINGTON, April 24 ( Aesocin
ted Pross) April the Sixth, the date
Of America's entry into the great
world war lust year, will become h
national holiday, if a bill which was in
troduced in the senate 'yesterday be
comes Iuk. lie iniroaucer or tne run
believes thBt that date I one of tlieitnxes muy not he paid in installments.
greutest in American history and that j The treasury department announced
future generation should observe it us i yesterday that il would not permit
he date in 1!M7 when America went 'them to be naid thst wav hut tliat thev
to Ihe rescue of democracy.
iiuulu noit II LUU
WHY WE'RE NOT AT
I
AND BULGARIA
Senator Knox Introduced Resolu
tion To Request President
For Information
BUL6AR MINISTER IS
ACCUSED OF SPYING
No Action Taken On Measure;
War Declaration rs Slumb
ering In Committee
WASHINGTON. April 24 (Assoei
led 1'ress)--.-ienntor Knox, of l'enn
sylvanin, introduced a rosolntion yes
terday tiskinc the President to inform
the senate why the 1'nited rotate is
not officially nt war with Bulgaria and
Turkev ns it is with Germany and An
tria, the allies of those two countries.
Henntor Knox, in introdncing the
resolution, made a vigorous address in
Which he pointed out that the Bulgarian
minister in Washington ha been ac
cused of furnishing information to
Germany concerning the action, plans
nnd intentions of the United State,
information ' value to Germany and
calculated to csuse injury to thi eonn
nr. Both are Enemies
Bulgaria and Turkey, Senator Knon
emphasised, are ns much enemies of
America as are Germany and Anatria.
Tt rooo of Rnlirsria are lighting
ide by side with those of the Kaiser
and Emperor Karl and are aiding the
Teutons in their determined effort 'to
crush democracy and make autocracy
Supreme in the norld. The soldiers of
the United States oversea! are face to
fnce with the armed forces of Bul
garia and Turkey, yet officially Amer
ica is at pesce with those eountriea.
It is time, he asserted, that the Uni
ted States clnHsed the allies of Ger
many and Austria ns among her ene
mies nnd treated them accordingly.
No Action Tsken
No action, however, was taken by
the senate yesterdav on Senator Knox's
resolution
This is not the first resolution that
Has been introduced in the senate
looking toward a declaration of war
Against Bulgaria and Turkey. On April
S, Senator King, of 1'tnh, introduced a
(oint resolution declaring that a state
of - waf" exists between the United
States and the Umpire of Turkey and
the Kingdom of Bulgaria. Senator
King's resolution was referred with
out dobnte to the committee on foreign
affairs, and it has never been reported
out.
W. S. 8. -
Rose Pastor Stokes
Indicted Under
Espionage Act
Noted Social Worker and Wife of
Millionaire Accused of Having
Said War Against Germany Is
Wrong
KAN8AH CITY, Missouri. April 24
(Associated Press) Rose 1'astoi
Stokes, the social worker of New
York, wife of John Phelps Htokct,, mil
lionairc, is under indictment here to
day on a charge of violation of the
Kspionsge Act. A true bill whs re
turned against her yesterday by tho
federal grand jury.
Mrs. Stokes, it has been charged
was recently quoted in a newspaper a
having in -sin addres to an audience
urged the support of the war sgniutd
Germany and advised her hearers to
stand solidly back of the government
iu its efforts to crush autocracy.
The social worker, when this stor
vns brought to her attention, is nl
eired to hnve written an indignant de
nisi to the paper which published it
she asserted, it is said, that the had
never made any such statements, had
never advised anybody to back up the
war, believed the war against Germany
tvns wrong, and did not believe thut
the war should be supported.
Kose Pastor Htokes, was bom
at
Vuvustuvn, Sovolk, Russia, duly 1
I
1HH, was a poor girl wnen she imir I
ried John Phelps fttokes, on July IS.!
11" I."). he marriage was a seusution
'it the time, as Phelps was the sou of
multimillionaire, while she was n
Socialist as well ns a social woiker.
She has long been noted for her writ
Iocs, which are of an extreme nature.
After she came to th,e United Stntes
in Jl'X) she worked as a ci.'iir mu'.ei
nt Cleveland, Ohio, at the mime tunc
heing a contributor to the Jewish Daily
New of New York, of which she l,e
enme editor in 1903.
w. s. .
E
WASHINGTON, April 23 (Associs
ted Tress) The shipping board has
chartered 400,000 tons of Norwegian
shipping for operation in nondmrnrd
ous cones, permitting diversion of
steamers to war sones.
W. 8. S.
INSTALLMENT PLAN
BARRED BY TREASURY
WASHINGTON, April L'4 ' Abs.iciut
ed Press) Income and excehs prolit-
WAR
WITH
URKEY
must be paid in a lump sum.
CHINESE WOO
v
DRINK VITH GERMAN
;-'.vsv
Indication of What Woulcf Hap
pen If China Really Cot' '
Into the War
WITH AMERICAN PATROL
ri-KKT, Kiiroean VToter, April 24
(Official i Survivors from ship sunk
by" linns are alike to tbe tireless de
stroyer pntrois, he they Negro, Lascar
or Finns. Mpn of every nation find
themselves adrift off the perilous Brit
ish snd French coast, but the nary
gives each equal rare In It grim rescue
work.
China is nlso at war. . Thi ntory of
Chlnsmen augurs of her spirit if she
ever gets well into the fr.
Two American destroyer were con
voying three merchant ship into a
French port. The lookout on one of
the escorts sighted on apev koat adrift.
It appeared empty at first. IU comb
ines wer. almost awaa, bnt it V Up
held by its sirtanki, yet heads
stuck out f the water Inside th
destroyer approached. "onr Of th)
five had villow faces and tbe clothe
they wore showed that th men were
Chinese.
Only tnn of them climbed upon the
lifeboat 's gunwale to reach for the war
ship. The one white survivor, old and
wasted, crept into the stern. The line
thrown hit the man, hut fell. He lean
ed to entch it. but failing in the effort,
he remained motionless, hi body bent
forward between hi knee.
"Make fast. Yott are ,aft' .Jfce
destroyer's com maadec. Called,', .S
Htill -the man did -neicaupM. 4-
Hum dead." said . oeOhlnanjn,
The man had died -trying to J(raap; the
rope. t v7..tt;V-r,.fc
"Gei-maes shoot onr boat,"' aeld.fh
Chinaman, end the splia tared rudder
and n hole in the boat a side proved it.
The survivors had been adrift. With
out food, without water, ainre'th
boat had torpedoed the British ship
several days before. The two live
Chinamen hnd to be hoisted aboard.
The surgeon poured a stimulant into a
glass, which he offered to the China
man who was able to apeak English,
who said that he wa tbe hip' cook.
Roughly he pushed the glas away and
refused the whiskey, saying I
"You Germans kill old man. To
want kill me, but I no drink with Ger
mans." He mistook the America for Ger
mans. Finally he was persuaded that
the men who had receoed him wr
Americans and then he accepted the
drink. '
W. S. S. .
United States and ;
Honor Fallen Foe
Bury With Honors Count von
Richthofen, - German- Aviator,
Killed In Battle, Who Conquer
ed Many Allied Airmen ,
WITH THE BRITISH AKMjY IN
FRANCE, April 24-r-( Associated Pre)
-Officers of the United Htste and of
Great Britain paid honor yesterday. to
:in enemy whom they had "looked upon
as a brave man, though he waa ftghtintf
igainst them. , They buried with, mili
tary honors Count von Riehtkofen, the
: icrman aviator, who was killed recent
ly in a battle in th air. Von Richtho
fen n ns reckoned one of the greatest
of Germany ' lighting flyer. He w
credited with having defeated aSd
downed eventy-elght Allied aircraft.
GERMATttftLED
ON WASHINGTON VISIT
WASHINGTON, April 24 (Associ
ated Pre) Frederick Miller, the
German mayor of Michigan City, In
diana, was arrested yesterday as an
alien enemy when he came to Washing
ton to discus with government offi
cials th (top to b -taken by him to
complete bis naturalisation. He made
satisfactorv einlanation of hia nras-
ence in th capital city and will be
i x . .
rfirniru.
Lame and Achy
Every Morning?
There ' little peace when your kid
neys are weak aud while at first tier
may be nothing- snore seriotjs than dull
buckache, sharp, stabbing pains, head
sclies. dizzy spell and kidney irregu
Unties, you must act quickly to avoi
the more serious trouble, dropsy, gr.'vel
heart disease, Bright 's disease. I t
Doan's Backache Kidney Pills, the rem
edy that is so warmly recoin men de
lude aud everywhere.
"When Tour Bark is I.ame Uemem
tier the Name." (Don't simply ask fo
a kidney remedy ask distinctly fo
Doan's Backache Kidney Pills and tak
no other). Doan's Baokache Kilue-
1 Pills are old by all druggists and store
I keepers, or will be mailed on receipt o
price by th Hnllister Drug Co., o
' Benson Smith A Co.. a cents for th
Hawaiian Islaud.
(Advertisement
TllnEfiTHi
HSWEli
CRAVE CRISIS
UPOU HOLLU
-.-;. .v';.J
Little Neutral Faced With Alter '
native of Lost of; Sovereign
Power To JReatilat " Traffie
Over Her Own Border Or Ger
man Invasion, iK , v
GERMANS DECLARE THEY ' ' y
WILL SEJZE, fpfiTS;; .
Two Choices Operi to Tethif- "
landers That Taken By Duchy, ,
of Luxemburg ' Or That Pre- '
ferred By Albert of Belgium Td .
Fight Before SuiT?nderinoR!
LONDON, April 2f(AssocV ' '
sted PressWHolisnd is lace '
to face with the prospect pf .
German bvafclon, to-avoid Which
contingency the must permit the I.
Hit of her railroads - and . water , n
ways for the transportation from ' .
Germany into Belgium of Gtr".
man war materials. ci
While there has been nothing ' '
official made public regarding th -'
German ultimatum, 'either at The '
Hague or in Berlin,, it is rumored '.
in competent .quarter, , that Ger- ' ;
many threatens to seize and occu-'
py the Dutch ports on the North
Sea unless her. demands are com-''
plied with immediately. .Yt'y-'. '
The .first ' Intimation 'at Th:
Hague of anything unusual ac-' '
cording to the Renter correspond-
ent, came wh'en the Dutch cabi
net was suinmoned lbyf Premier
an der Linden to ait : extraor
dinary sesfjon, ,-at . wb4pb ' Queejrif
WUhelmina,, . waa " present This
gathering pf t the ministen with' ; , ,
the Queen led o a lrumor inv :
pending trouble' 'with ' Germany; -
which rumors were subsequently
partially .,?.t:'' ' :
The facr that absolate secrecy
is preserved "makes'iVterV tbat'
the . question which' ' JjasTansea . " is
of the gravest,,. 11; ;
. For aome time the relations be-. . .
twee,a . th NetherUods .tod Ger- '
Cruny. have been strained, " due to ;
theneietence of the Dutch gov
ernrneittxpon the maintenance f ', ,
tfie s(f iciest heu'tralfty'ana' tolhe
vigorous prosecution by ' it lie ,
Dutch authorities of aU ,thQe
found guilty of smuggling or, t-
tempting to smuggle, contraband
food stuff from Holland into Jer-. : ..
man territory. (, '.. ;;.'C V: ",
This strain was criiuijj, aug- ...
merited several weeks g9when - ' ,
the Dutch governmetr.,on the '. C
presentations by the " British tl . ; : '
the facts, refused to permit fur-
ther exports from Holland into
Belgium of sand aKd gravel, 'it , ! "
being shown that these mkterialsl,T"
were being used by. thcQcrrnan . .
in the constructioQ oitbeir, .,oori-.'"e
crete fortifications throujghout.QC- rf
cupied territory, this making flarul v ;
and. gravel contraband and in a v
class with munitions of wari' v'"'
It is now stated that Germany s
has demanded, on the alternative
of seizing the Dutch ports, that ' 'r';'!'
the ban upon the exportation, 'bf't-.;': '
sand and gravel must be lifted
and that, in addition, Gentility
must be allowed to use the rail.,
roads running through Dutch ter
ritory and the canal systems .of , i ,;..
Holland for the transportationWfttr,
whatever war materials the Gcr . .
man war office may desire to ship 'i
from Germany into Belgium or
into France by way of Belgium. v
What response Holland will
make is not even suggested in he
press despatches f r o m T h e.
Hague, where the crisis hat
brought about a tense situation.
It is recognised that to eomply'with
the term of th Oermaa nltlmstam will
mean a surrender of many of her right
as a sovereign state nd- plae Holland
somewhat la th situatioa where Bel
gium would have stood had she permit
ted th Oermaa army to tross her ter
ritory unopposed. Oa the otbes
Holland has the apeetacle of. a crushed
and enslave. I Belgium a an obijtot les
son of what a refusal to bow to Qttr
maa ultimatum may meaa. -
!.
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I, 'I1
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