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rOOD FORECAST FOR TODAY;'
On Wbeatleai and on Mntlw MeU.
My in, huh Last twenty
four' i hour', :" rainfall .06.
Tmiprturr, Mln. 1; Mat.
?. Webber, Cloudy. ,'
oi ui. no; 46 v?
i 1 ...
HONOLULU. HAWAII TERRITORY. FRIDAY, MAY 17, 1918. SEMI-WEEKLV.
WHOLE NUMBER 4735
ITALIANS STRIKE HARD
STAKING INITIATIVE TO
J FORESTALL AUSTRIANS
Sweep Dbwni: From
On Wide Front
Submarine Patrols En
ter Pola Harbor and
Lull On West
NEW YORK, May 17 (As:
sociated Press) With the
Italian striking liard against the
Austrian positions, amid Xht
rugged peaks of the Asiago Pla
teau, cast f Rrenta, the Austro
Italian frimt has once inorc tlam
vtl into violent activity. The Ital
ian attacks are being delivered
along a wide front, the infantry
advancing under 'a heavy barrage
and pressing back the enemy,
while the Austrians are compelled
to fight desperately y prevent be-
7;" tli rust back from some of tlie
v Thefat t of the Italian initiative
is taken to mean that General
I iaz has adopted this plan of fore
stalling and breaking up the plans
of the Austrian offensive, which
has long been expected.
( )n the water the Italians have
also broken the deadlock and
scored heavily in an attack made
during the night of last Tuesday,
when ;in Italian submarine evad
ed the port patrols, the mine
fields ami the searchlights and
penetrated the Austrian naval
base at I'ola. Stealing onward in
the dark, the submarine approach
ed (lose to a twenty-thousand-ton
dreadnought, of the Viribus Uni
tis class, hitting her fairly with a
torpedo and sinking her. While
the submarine was engaged in the
harbor, Italian seaplane circled
oer the naval hase, bombing it
: iid engaging the Austrian planes
.cut up in the defense. Several
of the Austrian flyers were shot
Austria has four ships of the
i Lass described in the despatch
from Koine, 'i'hesje are twenty-tliousand-tou
vessels,1 with ft com
plement of a thousand men each.
They are armed with twelve 12
inch guns, in-four triple turrets,
and with a heavy secondary4 bat
tery of twelve 6-lnch guns.
There has been no infantry
lighting on the west front, with
the exception of a number of
raiding actions. On the Soinme
front, at I laille-Castel, southeast
of Amiens, the artillery was heav
il engaged and there was a re
newal by the (iermans of their
bombardment of the Anglo
J niit'h lines in Flanders. Gen
ii. il llaig reports the big guns
.u -tist'ly engaged north of the Lys.
number of ierman raids west
of Moutdidier were repulsed,
while the French drove back raid- j
Iiki t.rm:iii li1:mts wtloot imr '
1 " K l J
Increased Activity In Patrols
Artillery and Continued Air
ARMY OFFICIALS HOPE
- FOR GREAT FORCE SOON
United States Officers To Com
mand Where Americans Out
number Their Allies
WAiHftTONi Ahiy 1 7 - An.ori.t
t Pr) Inrrennoil Hi-tivitv an ihown
ly th lrtT nuiiil.cr of ntrol parti pi
neat out by loth nlilen nn.l renter rio-lem-e
in the artillery firo in the lor
rniiie iteetor or? tolil in tlie oflirial re
port that wh iKMiu',1 IhkI nicht from
Tho Ore. of the American Imtterie
Iirh been particularly effective it ti t
e urate. At Montiliilier the !hell from
the American guna have Mtnrtcd u num
ber of Am ami German linen of com
imiiiii-Htioiift have been ballv Imitered.
Although there were no infaiitrv en
XHementi turiii; the .Iny there w'u no
cexsatjon of the activity on the nrt of
the American airmen.
Americana To Command
Ah if la answer to the recent report
that came from Ottawa that Amcricaa
forcea were !t to participate exten
sively iu ' France came the announce
ment yeaterctay that where American
troop rve with Britiah and French
lu ; sector ; and ' preponderate in
numbers tbotfe sectors there American
officers, are. ht be pat lit commoL This
metina that UvneYal 'Pernhinjj tuav soon
e 4u miiMnndvof Britiah and' f'reach
.In an olli-UI report which lie infi
yenterday General Pershing told three
American haipera, well "hidden by their
camouflage in ' the Lorraine sector,
en jja (fed a force of eighteen of the
enemy and killed four of them. They
took from the pockets of some of the
dead, after tlie reat of the party had
Med, some valuable papers and returned
aafely to cmnp.
Seventy-two names are eontained in
the lixt f casualties furnished by the
war department yesterday. Of 'these
eiirht were killed in action, four died
of wounda and one from accident while
(ifty niue were wounded, four severely.
o mciais Hoperui
With more than half a million men
now iu France army ofliciala are more
than ever hopeful that a large and
powerful force will be cooerating with
the Allien against the enemy before
the end of this year.
It ia not possible to specifically con
firm the Paris report that a million
and a half men are expected to be ac
tively engaged there by that time and
that the American force at the front
will be three million men within the
next twelve months.
The report referred to wns publixhcd
in L 'Libre Homme, a . newspaper owned
nnd published by Premier t'lemenceau
which Hiiiil that th United States had
promised that a million nud half
fighting men would be in France by the
end of the year and that the organize
tioim of such troops, together with
special forces and other units would
ii mount to two million men.
Himiiar roporta came from London
where Harry Britain, secretary of the
Knglixh branch of the Pilgrim club, In
an arirfreaa to the Koyal Colonial In
stitutf declared that American war
preparations on the west front are of
aiiiaziug intensity and acope. Ho said
that the Americans are planning to
care for 5.000,000 American troops, and
if the (iermans do not give In, the
number will be increased to any amount
neceasary to decide the issue.
Major Koyce and Lieutenants Oarsidc
nud Meyers have been given the French
decoration Croix de (iuerre for daring
aviation work. '
(ieneral Alvord, adjutant in General
Pershing 'a forces, has reached an Amer
icau port in safety, returning homo on
account of ill health.
. CHICAOO, May 17 (Associated
Prens) Members of the "Allied Medi
cal Association", a new organization
of medical practitioners of the Mid
die Western States will be created at a
meeting which has been railed to be
held here on Saturday.
All of the members of the new as
aociatiou will be pledged not to use
or to prescribe supplies or drugs which
originate iu the enemy country when
these are obtainable from other origin
al sources of supply.
?KW TOKK, May 17 (Asao. dated Press) Not only 1
Kerrsaky, the man who deposed Cr.ar Nicholas, and wh
has long believed to be dead, alive and active, but ha.ia
now alxianl a vessel approaching thi port aad duV to
fitch America on Monday, according to an announcement
published In the Call, the Socialist organ, yesterday -af-temooa...
ii . ii...
,The fall, which states that it speaks, with' authority,
aya that the former minister of justice under , Prtnee
1, vo If, Inter the minister of war who attempted to stem
NO SHORTAGE OF
f STEEL IS ASSERTED
Secret Meeting Is To Be Held
Today Which May Protest
V Against Curtailment
.WASHINGTON, May 17 (Associat
ed Pre) To "thresh out" the whole
matter of curtailment of industries In
which steel is naod a secret meeting of
the ateel committee of the American
Steel Institute has been Called to fe
held here today. It will be headed by
Gary of the' war industries board.
.-Steel men 'are demanding a "ahow
down" by, the administration and will
go over the whole question of the cur
tailme'nt of tboae industries from
which- steel Orders have been curtailed
or stopped hr the administration. ' It is
contended that there is no shortage of
steel oor f steel production and it
will be ' Insisted that the curtailment
that has been ordered is unnei-esaary
and aawarrnated by the conditions at
thin tiiue. . ,
Cahfornians Elated By Demon
stration Made By Faith
.. RAN FRANCISCO, May 1 (Offl.
elal) Even the pending grant battle
itcWiW. la 'regarded by CaHortani
ai.'-, lass1,', iinpwrUuit than aa oosdete
sucness f the SUOO-ten V eoaoaeto . ship
Faith, a ad her feat oa am all-day ocean
trip which experts declare has dispell
ed every doubt of her seaworthiness
under any conditions.
The government immediately an
nounced the aeleetion of a nearby site
of ninety acres for the first 110,000,000
plant to construct for the United States
ten 75110-ton concrete vessels eoeting
."00.000 each. The plant will employ
40IKI men. '
A plant of the same size Is assured
in southern California. Several large
private concerns are organizing to en
gage in this great new industry, which
is heralded as winning the war by more
than offsetting the submarine destruc
tion. Minihir plants are to be built on the
Great Lakes, Gulf of Mexico and At
lantic coast without interfering with
the construction of wood or steel ships,
since the concrete vessel do not re
quire skilled labor.
Charles M. Schwab, new head of the
ship construction, telegraphs that he
in coming here for the simultaneous
launching of three big steel ships July
4 by the same yard which has just es
tablished a world's record by the first
triple launching. The same yard will
launch two ships Saturday.
Another yard has laid a keel and
raised an entire ship skeleton in 24
hours in starting a cruiser type of de
st rover with the intention of cutting
the present record o'f four months to
one month for complete construction.
So many wood ships have been
launched or are almost ready that the
government has decided to contract I
for 20(1 more to keep the yards busy.
These facts are merely samples show
ing the I'. H. shipping program ia gain
ing tremendous headway for a great
output n the next few month.
SHIPS ARE ORDERED
WASHINGTON, May 16 (Assoeia
ted Press) Fourteen concrete tank
steamers and four general cargo vessels
of the same type of build are to be im
mediately constructed, it is announced
by the shipping board.
This action is taken following the
ftuul demonstration of the seaworthi
ness of the Faith in her trial trip.
w. a. a.
SEIZED DUTCH STEAMER
IS SUNK IN COLLISION
WASHINGTON, May 17 (Aasociat
ed Press) - The Dutch steamer Zaan
laud, one of those which was receutly
taken from Holland and put into the
service of the United States was sunk
in collision on May 13.
All ban. Is were saved.
- w. a. .
INCREASE GOES AHEAO
WASHINGTON. Mav IB fAunci.t
ed Press) Iu the senate today the
postal bill giving increases in tbe sala-
riM of nnstfil carriera and other nout
oflice employes paused and will now uo
to the house.
I i, ' . i Ve
the tide of revolt la the Russian army, and finally, before
i the ouibresh Of .the Bolsherlkl, the provisional Presided t
n' the Kumiaa Republic, ia coming on an important mis
sion to the United States.-r -s-r.
. It is probable, sat the Call, that Kerensky will go im
; mediately to Washington, to consult first with Ambassador
: BukhnictefT, at tHo Russian embassy, who (s ttill ia charge
there and who has refused to reeognise the right of the
Bolshevik! to recall or supplant him. The ambassador was
i nominated to nil present post by Kerensky, who will' stay
. at the embassy while at. the capital. -
A. r: KEREKSKT
Former Russian Bnler
PARIS, May 17 (Associated Press)
Two attempted air "attacks on Paris
last night were-frustrated by the air
defenses of the city, the attacking en
emy craft being unable to penetrate
Despatches from Geneva received
yesterday brought satisfaction to Pari
sians. They told of the failure of two
of the long range rifles that have been
bombarding the city during the offens
ive and said that two of the German
loiiK range guns which have been bom
bardin? Paris have been taken from the
8t. (lobnin forest to the Krupp works
for repairs, according to information
w. s. a.
1 MAIL SERVICE
WILL BE GENERAL
HAN FRANCISCO, May 17-r(Asao-ciated
Press) Aerial postal service
between various cities of the United
Stutes and bctweii cities and army
camps is to be started without' delay,
it wns announced Inst night by Post
master Fay of this city. The success
of the experiuieuts between Washington
and Chicago has warrunted this, he
Military aviutors are to be used ia
this undertaking ami primarily the serv
ice will he for the carrying of official
w. a. a. .
WASHINGTON, May 16 (Official)
With 00,000,000 due today to Li
berty Bond holders in payment ojt semi
annual interest on the first Liberty
Loun Hecretary of Treasury MeAdoo
calls upon the public to loan the gov
ernment this interest as far a possible.
War Savings and Thrift Htamp ar
the medium tliut he suggests.
Secretary MeAdoo recugnize that
there are those who require the whole
or a part of the income derived from
tbe bonds for living expense but he
calls attention to tlie opportunity for
investment iu War Savings and Thrift
Htauip for this iucome as far a means
AIR MAIL SERVICE SAVES
MORE THAN ONE FULL DAY
WAWniNOTON, May lfl (Official)
The first mail service by airplane
from New York to Washington arrived
after a flight covering three hour and
twenty minutes. Within thirty-five
minutes Boy Scouts had delivered 735
parcels, Including ninctcou for the
ARE QUICKLt BROKEN
LEAGUE FOR PEACE
FIRM FOR VICTORY
Enthusiastic Meeting In Philadel
phia Receives Assurances -,
v from Labor Delegates
PHILADELPHIA M 17
elated Press)- Peace with victory and
no pvaee oiaerwiae was the slogan gen
erally adopted by all of the speaker a
at the meetinar of the Lau tn Vt.
force Peace which opened it sessions
here yesterday with former President
TC ttvuai.tiixv 1 Tl..,.l. I 1 1 .
I" , tnuuii pi i wai ii j m
peace organization Hi tone was defiant
ly belligerent and aggressive.
t Among the large number of delegatea
who were present were delegate ' from
the American Federation nf IKp ,1
the American' Alllanee of Labor ed
Democracy who presented statements
in which they endorsed the proposed
league of natlone and their onnnaitina
to International labor eonferenees which
mignt be attended-by labor representa
tives front countries with which the
United State ts at war, until after a
peace through Victory has been secured.
SUBJECT OF PROTEST
Germany Is Told Republic Will
Arm To Protect Rights ;
J WAHlNOT0ay 16-Jlaaoeiat
M ProiHroipiiotest warcw wet
p" "7 jtunsiasi soviet gov era -meet
to the GermaB ministry on, April
26, have been -made public by the Unit
ed State department of state. The re
listed and persistent aggression of
Germany are called to attention and
specifically protested and gave notice
that it was the Intention of the soviet
government to mobilise it forces and
to offer resistance to further aggres
sions, and to take all steps aeoesJary
and raise ail needed force, to secure
the freedom and the independence of
the Husaian republic now menaced be
yond the limit which were established
by the Brest-Litovsk treaty.
In reply to the protect the German
foreign office informed th soviet gov
ernment that Its foreea would advance
no further Into Russian territory.
w. a. a.
LONDON, May 17 ' (Aeaociated
Prest) The Russians have been care
ful that the submarine which they se
cured from the Allies did not fall into
German hands. It ia learned that be
fore abandoning Uango in April they
destroyed the four submarines which
they liad secured from the United
States and the seven furnished to them
bv Great Britain.
OF MAGAZINE EDITOR
SAN FRANCISCO, May 18 (Offl
cal I'laus to combat German props
gknda are heartily endorsed by Vis
count Ishil, Japanese ambassador, in a
letter which he ha giveu to Lawrence
Mott who ia returning to Toklo where
he will resume publication of hi mag
azine, the Searchlight.
lu his letter the Japanese ambaasa
dor says: "I am glad that you so
patriotically inteud to devote yourself
and your maKaziue to the drawing still
closer together of the United States
aud Japuu, the two nations which must
ever be allied and held by the firmest
ties of mutual friendship, understand
iug and coufldence. "
Mott said be had found the Japanese
generally very friendly to the United
States although German influences are
systematically trying to change this
W. a. a.
GERMAN BALTIC FLEET
CONCENTRATES AT KIEL
LONDON, May 16 (Associated
Press) For the purpose of concentra
tion the entire Baltic fleet of the Ger
muns has beett recalled to Kiel, ac
cording to a despatch from Hamburg.
Whether naval activities are indicated
as a result of such concentration ia
and Critics To
WASHINGTON. May 17 (Ae
aociated Press; Once more a test
of strength between the administra
tion forces and the leaders of those
who ar it critics as to war prepar- -
ationa and conduct is impending
; an the senate. It is probable that
the fight will begin today aad will
be precipitated by the introdua
' tion of resolutions calling for fur
- ther . investigations of war office
and of the war department by the
senate committee on military af
faire. ' Vilille the President consented
, t an investigation of the lubjeet
of aircraft production and cost ha
dM -tills with the proviso that the
cop of the proposed investiga
tion should not go beyond this, lie
' heal let it be known that he oppose
-the resolutions which are expect
ed to be introdilced today; even
If (hey. shall be presentml in a
greatly modified form.
Charles B! Hughe ha notified
, Attorney General Gregory that ho
will come to Washington at the ear
liest possible moment nnd at once
commence his investigation of the
. airplane questions.
, w. a. a.
SHEPPARD DRY BILL
PASSED BY SOUTE
Measure Now Goes To' House
Where Bill Containing Prac
tically Same Terms, Pends
WASHINGTON, May lft (Associat
ed ' Pres) The Hheppard bill for pro
hibition in Hawaii passed the senate
(oday without rnllcall and now goes to
The foregoing action on the prohibi
tion bill gives every nidieation that
this measure will soon become a law.
The Sheppard Rill is a similar one to
that introduced in the House by Dele
gate Kuhio and carries prctielly the
same provisions.. , ..- , .
. Tb bill provides for.1? bout!"' dry f
prohibition for the whole Territory and
it wilLbeeom effective niuntv davs af
av I ta-Vas9ner"Tt 'carries also VravC"!
siousta- e iilehiactte two year arter
the war at which time the people -of the
Territory will be allowed to vote on
the question whether the islands are to
remain "drv" or not.
Senator fcaldwin of Maui has pre
pared a resolution indorsing the Kuhio
prohibition bill which will be intro
duced either as a senate measure or a
joint measure from both houses of tbe
legislature. This resolution will be in
troduced either today or tomorrow.
of income secured
WASHINGTON, May 16 (Official)
Secretary MeAdoo informed the sen
ata today that the U. H. revenue re
eeipts for the year ending June .10
would be 4,095,009,000, chiefly from
war taxes, showing that about one
third of the war expenses for the past
year will have been paid by the taxes,
though the coming year 'a outlay is
prospectively much greater.
The items include $2,773,158,000 from
income nnd excess profit taxes, $1,
800,000,0000 from customs, MO.OOO.OOO
from increased postage, and $230,000,
000 from miscellaneous sources.
The income and excess profits taxes
are paying about $348,000,000 mure
than was estimated a year ago.
TAKES moTo MAKE A
quarrel; says Berlin
MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, May Id
(Asaoeiated Press) Although this
country has declared that a stiUe of
war exists between it and Oa. tany
the Teutons do not see it in thetome
light and decline to accept the gauge.
To the notification of Uruguay the
Berlin foreign ministry has replied
that it does not consider that a state
of war exists between the two na
tions. w. a. a.
WOULD HEARTEN ITALY
WASHINGTON, May 16 ( Aasocint
ed l'res.ti -Ituly has informally iuforin
ed the I Intel States that the presence
of American troops on the Italian front
is how greatly desired. Italian ofli
ciala say that with a few thousand
Americans there, fighting under "Old
Glory," the move would hearten the
Italian ciwl population as well as
- w. a. a.
NAMED AS MODERATOR
COLUMHi;, Ohio. May 17 (Asso
ciated Press)- Kev. Frank Huiith was
named as niodcnttnr of the general
I'resbytcruin assembly at its session
CAN BE IDE 1
Great Britain Ready To Listen : v,
To Straightforward Proposals - - .: .
That Contain Essence of Hon-. ' , :
or. Right and Justice h -
DOCUMENTS CAPTURED V; V
SHOW IMPOSSIBILITY; M-:-
Hun Requirements Seen To Be ;
Such That None of the Allies
Could For a Moment Contem- : ?
plate Acceding To Them
LONDON, May 1 (Associa- i''
ted Press) While Great..
Britain stands ready to listen at ;
any time to any straightforward v ,.'
proposals of peace froor. Germany,
the German idea of peace'at the ' '
present time continues to ie one v!
of conquest based on the. military. '
map.' , The announcement of the,'.- '
British position was made in the ', v
house of commons yesterday by
Arthur Balfour, minister of for-
eign affairs; the idea' of a Ger-1 ' V
man peace was obtained, almost .V-
at the time the British minister ' '
was speaking, by the French from . . .
documents seized in a captured :"
German trench. . -V J t -EXTRAVAGANT.
.DEMANDS' , V
fThjfs dtkrtrme'niVglveii'ouV bffis, -r '
cially last night from the" head-;." '
quarters of General Petaiit, shows
that the German government con- y
tinuesto encourage its arrny 'in)
the field by extravagant claims, of '')"'
victory and by'the promise ot
peace that will proclaim Germany .)
the victor. The document reveals K' ' .
the German terms as follows: .
Belgium, especially the coast
and the port of Antwerp, are to ' :'
remain under the military, ecoit- ,. ',
(imic and political control of Ger- . ;
many ; ' r . . .' i.
The "liberty of the seas" is to : '
All German colonies occupied , - .
by the enemy are to be restored f
and their boundaries enlarged; A'
The French cities of Longwy ; : '
and Briey, with their surrounding
districts, including the great iron , '.
mines, are to be ceded to Ger- . . v
many, to be added to Alsace-Lorraine;
WHO MUST PAY v
Those nations which have at- C'
tacked peaceful Germany will e
compelled to pay the greater part v : ' '
of the German war expenses, pay-v '".
mcnt to be made in raw materials, '.
ships, money and territory, leav. . :' .
ing Germany with a national debt ' y ': '
of not to exceed five billion marks. ' ' .'
Without knowledge of ' these : V'
latest German terms, Minister
Balfour, in the commons, stated
that heretofore all the peace pro-
pos.ils emanating ffom the? iapi-' :'
tals of the Central Towers had
been anything but in the interests
of a fair and honorable peace,
-.m li ;ts Great Britain stood ready
to enter into.
Ii the Central Powers desire to
make a peace offer, Britain stands
re.ulv to listen, he said. Such an
oiler, however, must be made
thioui;li an accredited represen
t;itne and presented in a straight
w. . a.
AMsiLRnAM, May 17 (AssocUted
l'n'V In accordance with th terms
of tlu peace treaty negotiated between
the 1'eniriil Powers and Bumant or-.In-
h.ie been isaurd for the demobil
uaiiuii ut' the UuiuauiaB amiy.