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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, May 21, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-05-21/ed-1/seq-1/

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MayjH, 1P1S T.ni.t twenty
four hours' rainfall,' .no.
Tom .r a tnr, Un. 72p'ilax.
SO. Weather, eloild.
t I i ; - ' wJ)
-r r 'i "'wyrm iciruuri, umxwrti, max zi, ivia. 5c-Mi-wii.KLY.
Tiinn r uiji-n ' -i : - '
French Do Mfost of the Ground
Gaining and Take , Prisoners;
Berlirv Admits Successes of
Australian Forces
in itaLy enewtTis HIT
Allies Are Generally the Aggres
sor and No Indication of Im
mediate Resumption of Teuton
Assaults Is Seen
NEW YORK, May 21 (As
sociated Press) Repeated
thrusts by the Allies are keeping
the enemy thoroughly occupied
and are effectually preventing the
Huns from establishing positions,
thereby seriously hampering their
operations and materially delay
ing efforts to resume the offen
sive. The success of some of these
thrusts the enemy admits but
others it denies.
Most of the ground gaining of
yesterday was done by the French
and was the result of attacks
Launched suddenly and unexpect
Along a front of more than two
miles the French yesterday mae
an important advance. This was
the result of unexpected attacks
around Locre and more than 400
prisoners and a number of ma
chine guns were, taken, General
Haig reported to London .' last
Capture of Ville Surancre by
Australian forces was officially
admitted from Berlin yesterday.
It said this position fell before a
strong force of British who en
tered the trenches there. It
said that other, attempts in the
Ancre Valley had failed as had
French attacks in the Mount
Kemmel sector.
Allied reports merely mention
ed heavy cannonading in the
vicinity of Mount Kemmel but
made no mention of any infantry
Increanoil artillory fire ttwen Al
bert and Bucquoy was reported and
Paris reports said that NorthweHt of
Rheims the French penetrated to the
third line of the enemy in an infantry
attack. It also mentioned violent ar
tillery fire in the vicinity of Hangard.
Italians Victorious
Heavy fighting continue in the moun
tains of Italy and East of Brenta with
success generally attending the Italian
arms. I
Austrian patrols were repulsed in en-;
wri near Ainge anil Astico, Koine
riiofted last nitrht. Italian forces also
stormed and took from the enemy his
Caposile trenches. These they still hold
in spite of a violent Austrian counter
which was repulsed with heavy enemy
losses. A number of prisoners were
taken by the Italians and among the
booty were more than a hundred rifles
and four machine guns.
Albanian Front
Heavy fighting on the Albania frout
with the successes won by the Italians
and French was also told in the Rome
advices. These said tbat overcoming a
strong resistance the French and Ital
ian forces had reached Cerevoda and
Ost rovica.
On the Caucasian front the Turks
have resumed their drive agaiust the
Armenians who feebly resist. Van has
been captured and auother Armenia
massacre has been Ifeguu.
On the Caspian Russian troops have
captured I'etrovsk and Orobtakapoi,
North of Huku, according to Constan
tinople advices reaching Amsterdam.
SACRAMENTO, May 20 (Official)
The California food administration an
nounces that the state is sending the
Allies 50,000 tons of food monthly, thus
leading the country in per capita ship
ments. Californiaus are now eating only
thirty percent as much wheat as they
did a year ago, saving more than two
thirds of the former annual wheat pro
duction for the American army aud tho
.. ' " '. 1 ....--; ,,...,;,,.,, .,- n i , , , , .
J' .. .... . " ' . II I . .1 .1 1 1 1 I -II. III. I II I I I I
Air Battles Rage
and Enemy loss -Shows
British, Frenchi Americans and
Italians Make Aviation Losses
Cost Enemy Heavily In All
NEW TOEK, May 21 ( AHoeUted
Pren) On all sector ol the Western
front, and in the Italian theater as well
the Allied air Tighten have been more
than ever in evidence and have largely
taken for supremacy from the enemy.
The Hun raids upon London and south
eastern England added to the toll of
frlghtfulness but was more than usual
ly eostly to the Teutons as well.
Beports form all of the Allied fronts
yesterday and last night told of com
bats fought high above the contending
armies In the trenehes.
Thirty of the enemy's fighting planes
were downed by British aviators yes
terday and three balloons burned. Lon
don officially reported last night. The
report also said tbat of the enemy raid-1
era a fifth maehine had been seen to
fall into the sea, a seething mass of
names, and tbat it was reported that
two other enemy war planes had also
fallen into the Channel which would
bring the enemy loss to seven machines
in its raid.
Americans and French
In a series of aeroplane hut tics over
the Toul sector, west front, th Amer
icana and French have won control of
' the air and it no longer belong" to the
The fighting American airmen hnve
locked wings with the enemy and are
emerging victoriously. The tally of
the machines shot down or sent down
out 'of control ;is overwhelmingly in
favor nf the Amerienas, who are not
pawiitjft jf, 'f 'jrtugle -dranny irt the
enemy. , V V '
The Germans nave started ' now to
fly in flocks 0000 meter! high. This
morning five American pursuit planes
climbed after a German squadron at
this height and the Germans turned
and flew for home rapidly.
On May 17 and 18 French aviation
forces destroyed twelve German air-
planes, drove twentv-three others down
out of control of their pilots and de-
stroyed four captive balloons,
The French have also dropped forty
eight tons of explosives on barracks
and railway stations in the enemy sone.
In an official report General Per I
shing says that two hostile airplanes
have been shot down.
Italians Do Well
Italian aviators made a raid on Val I
Hugana and dropped eighty tons of
bombs. Rome reports that along the
Italian front twenty enemy machines
have been downed.
w. a, a.
Red Cross Fund Is
Certain To
Exceed Sums Sought
Zeal Of Country Makes It Clear
On First Day That Hundred
Million Dollar Mark Will Be
Left Far Behind
NEW YORK, May 20 (Official) Na !
tional seal already insures a larger to-;
tal for the Red Cross second war drive
than the (100,000,000 asked. This is'
in spite of the recent subscriptions of
more than four billions of dollars to
the Third Liberty Loan. After a day ,
of preparatory celebrations in all of 1
the large and many of the small cities
of tho country on Saturday and ap
peals from the pulpits throughout the
land yesterday, the campaign really I
started today when the lists for dona
tions were officially opened, although j
a number of communities "went over
the top" in promises on Saturday.
President Wilson recently placed '
sheep to graze on the White House I
lawn. These are to be sheared and the
wool sent to various cities for sale at
auction for the benefit of the American
Red Cross.
Kinjf Ocorge recently cabled to Presi- 1
dent Wilson, thanking him on behalf
of the country for the sulendid assist
ance which has been afforded to tho
sick and the wounded in the Allied
countries, adding: "The unexampled
munificence of America's first response
has provided a noble record In charit
able effort."
1NDIANAPOU8, Mav 21 (Asso.i
ated Press) Charles W. Fairbanks,
former vice-president, is seriously ill
with bright s disease and
considered probable.
his death is !
jyMLITARY CRITIC asserts that Germans. have placed themselves in an uncomfortable position which may lead to disaster
ttj n4Lthat eVCn capture of Channel Potts wxuld not bs decisive. This map shows the famous and most fought-over Messines
Ridge. The figures by the various positions show the elevation above sea level and give a clear idea of the comparative valua and
the strategic value of the several points to the cpntending armies.
Industry Has Hit Up Speed Never
Before Heard of and Loyal
Workers Assist
SAN, FRANCISCO, Ma.v (Offici
al) Two Pacific Coast shipyards are en
gaged in a desperate struggle to deter
mine which liha.ll 'launch the most ves-
'Stwww "-now "i and Independence '
Da.vTVuiy One yard had announced
that it would launeh three big steel
vesneis on the Fourth ox July. Its rival
now promises to launeh nine steel ves
sels each of 9400 tons.
The last named yard has received
telegrams of congratulations to its
workers for driving 730,000 rivets last
week. The rival yaiVf shows a tele
pram from Charles M. Schwab, ehief
nf the shipping board, which congratu
lntpo it niinn th l.,.nnt,;n t
Haturdnv night when twe 9400 ton i
ships left the wavs. It also announced
wnu n,iv.... k.
iu, t,.i a t
ir ii ml, besides hastening the completion ,
nf ii number of other vessels would wag-1
... i.: i-.i i ,
r lug sums on relative speed.
They also say that they will surprise
the Atlantic Cdusf shipyards with their
speeds nnd are preparing to complete
a destroyer every two days.
Many riveting gangs throughout the
country are attempting to excel the
American and world's record.
The whole industry is now rapidly
appronching full production speed and
is machine this earlier than had been
expected, largely due to the patriotic
zeal which the workers are displaying.
They realize the vast tonnage that will
he required to carry the provisions to
mnmtain h,(miu,(hh or more United
States soldiers overseas, besides feed
ing the Allies.
WASHINGTON, May 21 (Associat-
ed Press) - Charles M. Schwab, chief of
the ship construction board, has enter
ed into an agreement with six ship
building concerns on the Great Lakes
which provide for the construction of
1.10 vessels at a cost of $100,000,000
I hose vessels are to be of 4200 tons
each and are all to be completed be
fore the end of 1919.
open peace parley
WASHINGTON, May 20 (Associat
ed Press) Announcement was mude
by the state department that it is in
receipt of Stockholm despatches which
announce that the Russian con ,,-y
has notified the Vkrainian foreign
minister that the Russian government
accepts the German proposal for the
opening of peace negotiations between
that government and the Ukrainian
government the conferences to be hold
at Kiev.
Uiissia demands the sole right to
handle the telegraph lirles aud all tele
graph messages of the two countries.
w. s.
SOFIA. Hulgaria, May 20 (Asso
eiiited Press ) Emperor Charles of Aus-
tri llungurv and Empress Zita have ar-
rived here en route to Constantinople.
KKANCE, May 0 Associated Press)
Major Gerrals Baoul Lufbery, pre
mier are of the American fliers in
France met defeat and death in an en
gagement with German aviators today.
jnajo uaiomrj m ris ngnuag ntaae
gaged J OtrmairVkwo seatef which
carried .twn sonchiae guara. High above
the earth they fiaaeuvered and fought
uul" ' macnine or tne American pre
nuer aee was seen to burst into flames
hikI crash to the earth. It was evi
dent that his gas tank had been hit
an1 punctured.
When the body of the great aviator
was tenderly picked up it was found he
mm met nis death from the fall and not
from wounds for the only wound On the
"""V was one on the thumb.
Major Lufbery vras the premier ace
the Lafayette Eaendrllle before the
I'nited States entered the war and has
been the premier of ail American air
" " i""
"'rvle of the native eodhtry of its
members. He had downed alffhtenn
enemy machines while with the French
sod the American colors.
Spectacular Career
Lufbery 's career ever had been full
of excitement. Life to him has been
one adventure after another.' 8ixteen
years ago, the aviator, then seventeen
years old, left his home in Walling
ford, Connecticut, and set out to aee the
world. First he went to France, the
land of his progenitors. He visited
Paris, Marseilles, Bourges nnd other
cities. Then he went to Africa, I
From China To France I
In Turkey he worked for some time j
in a restaurant. Mis plan was to visit
a city, get a job tbat would keep him
until he had seen what he desired, and
then depart to a new field of adven
ture. In this manner he traveled
through Europe, Africa nnd South
America. In 1906 he returned to his
home in Connecticut.
The following year ho went to New
Orleans, enlisted in the United States
army ami was sent to the Philippine
Islands. Two years later, upon being
mustered out, Lufbery visited Japan
and China, exploring these countries
thoroughly. Then he went to India
and worked as a ticket collector on a
Bombay railroad. While engaged at
this occupation he kicked out of the
railway station one of the moat promi
nent citizens of Bombay. The latter
had insisted that Lufbery say "air" to
him. The aviator always did -Jjave a
hot temper.
Becomes Aviator
Lufbery 'a next occupation and the
business to which he haa remained at
tached ever since was had at Saigon,
Cochin, China, where he met Marc
Pourpe, a young French aviator, who
was giving flying exhibitions in Asia.
He needed an assistant. Lufbery never
had seen an airplane, but he applied
for the job ami got it.
The two men gave exhibitions over
the French provinces in Indo China.
After one of these flights the King of
Caiubodia was so pleased that he pre
sented each aviator with a decoration
that entitled him to a guard of honor
on the streets of any town within the
Joins Foreign Legion
In the summer of 1914 the two com
radea came to France to get a new? air
plane. War was declared and Pourpe
at ouce volunteered as an aviato. Luf
bery wished to enlist withhun, but
was told if he desired to serve France
in that capacity he must entor the
BEY premier ace of
the American air force and of
the lfayette Escadrille while
wih? France. . , , ..
V -
Foreign Legion, as he was not a
French citieen. Lufbery insisted that
he wanted to be with his chum, so
arrangements were finally made whero
by he enlisted in the legion, but was
taught the work of the air corps. Hut
the corupaimhpidd: aot last long,
for ou December 2, 1915, Pourpe, after
performing wonderful 'feats iu the air,
was shot to his death.
Lufbery wished to avenge the un
timely demise of his best friend and
asked to be trained as an airplane
pilot. Hip request was granted. After
some months with a bombarding es
cadrille Tie was retained as a fighting
pilot, and in the summer of 1918 went
to the front as a member of the Amer
irsn escadrille.
On July 30 of the same year, with
JunieB R. McConnell, who was killed
some months ago, Lufbery attacked u
German airplane and shot it down near
Etain, in the Verdun sector. The day
following another Oerman plane foil
riddled with his bullets, and on Aug
ust 4 the American brought his third
enemy flier to the earth. Soon after
this he was decorated with the military
medal and the French War Cross. The
(Continued on Page 2, Column 2)
M 1
HI fll
Hundreds 'of Thousands To Be
Listed In United States But
Hawaii Is Omitted
WASHINGTON, May 21 (Asaoeiat
ed Press) Throughout mainland Unit
ed States thousands npoav. thousands
will register for the neleetlv" draft,
just - gag uone year .ago, en vea
nesday, June 0. These .hundreds of
thousands will be the yonths who were
under the draft age of twenty-one
years of age when the selective draft
law was passed and put into operation
through the first registration. Since
that time they have attained their ma
jority, the law has been so amendod as
to make them eligible for the service
of their country nnd they are to be
duly classified to meet the call when
it shall come to them. It is expected
that about 800,000 will thus be added
to the list of eligibles.
Under proclamation of the President,
June 5 has been set for registration
of the youth who have attained draft
age since last registration throughout
the United Statea, except in the Ter
ritory of Hawaii. The date for further
registrations in Hawaii will be fixed
later, it is announced.
Mobilization instructions for Ha
waii's draft quota were received from
Washington yesterday by Capt. H. O.
Field, selective draft officer, giving
full details of the manner in which the
local boards must proceed to call the
registered men to the concentration
The instructions, following closely on
the receipt of the forms for individual
notification to draftees that they have
been called and the memorandum of
what each registered man called to a
camp shall bring with hint, including
underwear, Tough clothing, etc., cause
Captain Field to be confident that the
draft call for the Islands is not very
far off.
The draft office is now in receipt of
full instructions as to method of pay
for whatever the bureau may be called
upon to expend in connection with
travel expenses of the drafted men,
subsistence, etc. Captain Field expects
very few additional instructions in ad
vance of the President's call for a
quota from Hawaii,
SAN Kit A NCIS(X), May 20 (Official)
-Cheered by many thousands as they
made their way. to their train, the ,'(00
Italian and Belgian veterans who saw
service with the Russians until the
collapse of that country in the war,
took their departure from this city
today, where they have been honored
guests at many entertainments and the
center of attraction wherever they have
appeared for a week past.
The Belgians hope to reach their na
tive country in time to assist in the
defense of Ypres or the Channel Ports.
, WHOLE NUMBER 4740 . '
Even When Called Unfair In Hotel
. Lobby By Sinn Fein Represen
, tative They Decline To Take
. Sides
Will Listen To Both Sides But
Must Decline To Enter Into "
Controversies Which. Are Bri
tish Internal Affairs
(Associated Press) Labor
delegates from the United States
who are now in Great Britain,
conferring with the labor leaders
of that country, after having vis
ited Paris,-re showing at splen
did level-headedness'and patriot
ism iq meeting the ; situation ,
which results from the Irish crisis,
precipitated by the discovery of
plotting with the enemy, on the ,
part of Irish extremists. 'They
ar' refusing to express their
Views on the situation and are.'-....
taking no stand, even when they , i
are openly called "unfair". This . f
is shown by the reports which
were received from Dublin' last'?
evening. ' ' ' '
To enlist the sympathies o( the
American labor leaders whov rep- ;
resent the Ameruiari Federation ' V
tot ilabbr, ii Sirw Feitt" delegate'
called nporr "themri 'tfidr hotel
yesterday, t the-' Dublin '! Message
said. Not meeting -with 'the re-
ception which he expected and , ,
not receiving the open and deaf- , -,
ly expressed sympathy which he
evidently expected because of the - ;
known friendliness of American , :
labor for Ireland and the Irish, ,
this Sinn Feiner loudly shouted, , 4
in the hotel lobby, that the Amer- ' '
icans were "unfair". T ' f'
Taking the outbreak coolly the '
Americans explained that hey ;
were quite willing to listen to
both sides of the case but they
would not take sides in this or in
any other matter that pertained ;
purely to British internal affairs.
They were for the winning of the
war and would do nothingwhich ' '
might tend to jeopardize the
cause which American labor had
made its own.
Indications in official circles
here yesterday were that the Uni
ted States will soon make clear its
position on the Irish situation.
-W.a.a. . '
Norwegian Fishing Craft and '
Russian Passenger Steamer
Are Victims
WASHINGTON, May 21 (Associat
ed Tress) Resumption of unrestricted
submarine warfare against the shipping
of Norway and Russia is reported In
despatehes from Christian! received
last night and tell the old story of cold
blooded Hun. monstrosity.
According to survivors the Huns are
'now attaekinar the Norwegian fl.Mno
i raft, attacking without warning. Five
of these eraft were aunk and then the
submarine opened Are upon the life
The submarine commander aald lie
would sink all the Norwegian fisher
boats he met and the Norwegian citi
zens are reported to be bitter in their
A Hun submarine also shelled a Bus
Mian passenger shlD. heavilv lrlnu1
ith passengers and killed eighty.
Reports reeeived yesterday told of
the sinking of an enemr snbmarln
French trader. It captured the en
emy crew and rescued a Spanish ap.
tain who was captive.
t ; .

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