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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, May 28, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-05-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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JUL 17 19ltt
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May 25,
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Tempera.
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VQi lti. no.hv ;: -r''V jV.;J4 V' ' ' Honolulu. Hawaii territory, tuksday. may 28, iis. semi-weekly. whole number 4742
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STffil
NEEDED SINEWS
UNEXPECTED SPECIAL MESSAGE DELIVER
ED BY PRESIDENT BRINGS DETERM
INATION TO PASS TAX LEGISLATION
LOBBYISTS AND PROFITEERS ARE WARN
ED THERE IS BRIGHT LIGHT THAT
SHINES ON EVERY MAN AND ACT
jr r ASIIINGTOX, May 28
latiou, measures which will
the country to assist in the meeting of the expenses of the conduct
of the war, will be passed by congress before it adjourns. The I'resi
den,t went unexpectedly before the national legislators yesterday
and read them, a message in which he put the facts and the needs
I' smiiirely before them ip language which left no escape. His speech
has hrougbt immediate acquiescence and the long discussion which
Ka leeV'fl. prqcrew as. to vrhethrjr. thin assjfif legislation should
- -J.'4UPi.WM the short
sessiort whicjj "wdPisiemble ia Decei1er' la"cit)kett " witti the dec!-
siun mrexin nc wifnci, pi me auiHuusiraiiou..
" ' Vfttt FOLLOW SUGGESTIONS "
Following the delivery of a soul stirring message by the I'resi
dent it was determined by the leaders in the two houses to continue
(he present session of congress
lation which 13 required shall have been passed. It was also agreed
that the plans for taxation shall follow the suggestions made by
Wilson in his speech and the new burdens shall be borne chiefly
by incomes, war profits and luxuries.
The ways and means committee of the house will begin the
holding of hearings early next month and afterward the senate
finance committee will cooperate in the drafting of the bill. It is
expected that a completed measure will be presented to the house
Ju,y- iJli
OPPOSITION WAS STRONG
At the outset of the present session the pla s of the adminis
tration did not contemplate revenue raising legislation at the ires
ent session. As the program of the country for its war conduct
lias increased new needs arose and McAdoo suggested new legisla
tion. To this the members of both houses demurred and through
the leaders announced that the first plans of the administration
must be followed. With an election upon which depends the seats
of many of the senators and representatives pending they desired
M close the session and return home to conduct their campaigns.
As the days passed the plans of the war grew still greater until
appropriations desired amounted to the vast sum of thirty-four bil
lions of dollars. Then the secretary of treasury again called for
legislation af this session and once more the legislators demurred
This was the situation when President Wilson unexpectedly ad
dressed therrwyesterday.
WAR IS PARAMOUNT
Wilson told the leigslators that the conduct of the war was
paramount, that politics miwt wait,
to conduct the elections and the man who placed politics above his
country and its needs would be in no position to ask for a return
to office. He put the issue to them as it had not been presented
before and, in closing his address he told them he had just been
informed that the (iermans had resumed their offensive, thus accen
tuating their duty to the country and their duty and the nation's
duty to the Allies.
In the course 01 his speech President Wilson took occasion to
issue warnings to lobbyists who might seek to hamper the legislation
desired and to food profiteers.
LIGHT OF PUBLICITY
' There is no danger of deceit
intense, a pitiless litrht beats down
-
actum. 1 his is the tragic plot 01 war now that is upon the stae.
If lobbyists come hurrying to Washington and attempt to turn the
needed taxation measure to their own protection, to their own ad
vantage the bright light of publicity will beat also upon them. There
is abundant fuel for such light in the records of the treasury de
partment. There arc records there as to profits of every sort.
"Profiteering that cannot be stopped by the restraints of con
science and by the love of county can be reached by taxation. There
is such profiteering now going on and information in regard to it
is available. The evidence is indisputable."
After the joint session had adjourned there were hastily called
meetings of the leaders of senate and house and of the parties and
t lie- decision to prolong the session for the purpose of the legisla
lion asked was reached.
SS YIELDS; WILL
SESSION TO FIND
Associated Tress) Taxation lei
vastly increase the revenues t j
until the revenue raising legisla-(
the country could be depended ;
now," gaid the President. "An
upon every man and upon every
- -
vx-
amasnes jiona
FOR WAR
s.n
President's Speech
President WIIhoii said in part:
"There need be Mt no hesitancy
in taxing the country if It shall be
tuxcd Justly. Additional revenues
must be provided snd it in not n
Koliii'l ' policy to lais. too large n
proportion or our expenses
of our
l.v
niFKilft of Jon rid.
"We cnilliot got inrrne. tnxrn
untrM thtf ruunt ry known what
tline taxen are to tic unit prai-tiffd
the economies uereswiry to mine
thrm. Only n,iitblv ilintriliuteil
taxation of Mm wilet inrluili-ui'e
nn.l ilrawn chiefly from minn-ei.
which woulil be likely to Icinoiul
xe creilit by their very nlnimlunce,
can prevent inflation ami keep our
imluiitriul KVMtein free from xpecu
Intion ami from mtc We hIihII
turn naturally, therefore, to war
profits ami incomes hikI luxuries fur
our allitional reveriuen from taxn
tion. '
" I, cannot aatture the people of
the country of ' anenesaful minimis
tratioa of tli treawury in H1 if
the natter Of further taxation
shall be loft UBilivi.iiul until J SMI).
CrlaU I War
" Wiuninjf .th) war loniinatos
every oth conaiitoratioa at tji
t: '' .n. 1 won Wrf NI
. L . t, I l t , I II
ins WHEt , niiqnrnis VI ioiuiimuiib
of our men are in the fid, I ami
nhip nre crowding faat ami faster
to. the French ami British porta
and will eontiuua to ilo no until the
enemy Iiiih been buaten ami brought
to u reckoning with niAnkimi. There
1 1111 tie 110 paiimi. Thin nr'Bt "
terprine iiiiikI lie punhet with nrreut
er 11 ml greater eniirRTi The vol
nine of our iniylit must li au
uienleil Hteailily nnl rapiilly until
there run lie no ipieHtion of the
enemy resisting it.
"Money iiuis't Riistain our pro
rnni to the utniont. The financial
progrntu inunt. not be permitted to
iiij liehiinl the military. We must
iiieel the nituntion without selfish
ness or fenr of eonHouenceii.
FolltlcH Adjourned
' ' Politics aitjoumeil. The elec
tinnn will K" to those who think
leust of polities ami most of their
country. The people of this conn
try will give a just verdict at the
polls mi election day in November.
"The people know this war has
to be paid for. Thev will bear the
great, burden cheerfully and with'
solemn pride if it be justly din
trilmtcd. Pride In America
" I have always been proud to be
h 11 American and never was prouder
than now when all that we have
sanl ami all that we have forsecu
about our people is eoming true.
Ureal days have come to us when
only thing our people ask for
or admire is duty, groutly and ado
(iialelv done; when great, edmpcl
ling sympathy wells up in their
hearls for meii every where who
suiter and are oppressed; when they
see, at last, the high uses for which
their Health has tieeu piled up and
their mighty power accumulated
and will rejoice to spend and to lie
spent through long Buffering ami
terror that they,- and meh every
where, may see the day of right
eoiisness, justice and peace.
"Shull ve grow weury when they
bid us yet."
W. I. S.
KERENSKY FAILS TO
AS
, r t d e;.i:,.i
, nfiiiii 1 ixiirrii nw .iii.iin:ti irwa-
paper Groundless
Tl. ANTIC I'ort" My : Asso
ciated Press I Hflpbrts to the effect
thai Kerensky, the former "reat man
of KiiMMia'' twit coining to thi conn
tiv mid would arrive today were found
to be roimdlcNN when the vessel upon
which he was HSid to be traveling ai
med with no pat.sen(or ationrd who
resembled Kereimky.
The report that the former lfuin.iii n
Premier would arrive in thi" country
today emanated from the Call, u So
cialist newnpaper published iu New
York Pity and the report wns sent
broad cast through the country.
AMERICANS. IN PICARDY MEET WITH
SUCCESS HEAVIEST ASSAULTS SINCE
THEY REACHED THE
WASHINGTON, Way 2H (Amoeiated I'reaa) American forces in the Pi
enrdy sector yesterday, run ticipnted in the heaviest fighting and the closest ap
proach to general engagement wheih they haTsV encountered since their ar
rival overseas. They were called Upon to meet raids in force and they rose to
the oeeasiou magnificently, repelling three heavy raids which were driven against
their positions, countering and recovering positions from which thev had been
temporarily foreed and indicting severe
raptured numbers of iiimers and at
tli an before.
After violent artillery lire in which tad American positions in Pieardy
were drenched with explosixes and gss shells, the Germans raided in forre and
ITALIANS CAPTURE
IMPORTANT POSTS
: ,v :. 1 : " .1
Big Guns r Machine Guns and
Prisoners Taken, and Vien
na Admits Gains
NEW YORK, May 9 (Associated
Press) Almost simultaneously with
1 the renewal of the German offensive
I the ' 11 nils n front opened vigorous aa
i saults upon the Austro-Uerinan forces
and achieved a considerable success in
I vesterdav's fishting.
It was in the Tonale district that the
Italians drove against AU Austrian
mid swept them back with heavy losses,
taking and retaining Important posi
tions watch the enemv na held since
the fiL'htino' of last autumn. Desnatches
f rom Rome reaching here bv way of
I'nris last night told ct thie success land
sni.l that ia addition t-taking more
than will priaoners ttaeyvhnd captured
twelve cannon aad wentv-flve machine
guns. V ;
While admitting the reyerat anataia
ed to the Aastrlan jutwW Ilia entrnper
nt jnms .ofti un ftutriri Uespatcle.
fikaf night said that? h Italian! at
tacked to the south of Tonale Rpd had
succeeded in pressing back a small sec
tor but thnt their further advance
had been frustrated.
W. B 8.
Americans Control
Where Germans
Have Flown At Will
Conditions Are Changed In St.
Mihiel SectorAmerican Bird
men Participate In Greatest
Air Raid Ever Undertaken
WASHINGTON, May 27 (Official)
- Despatches from France describe Am
erican participation in the world's
irrcatext aerial attack, proving the Al
lies' air superiority over the German
One hundred and ninety AUiea' planes
formed in daylight, defying foes to
battle. The motors were heard further
than the planes themselves could be
seen. Forty bombing planes, each ear
rviiir looo pound of explosives and one
hundred an. I fifty other fighting ma
chines swept boldly over the German
lines. They bombed the rear lines
heavilv but the (lermaus declined com
bat.
This attack punished the Teutons for
their recent ni'ht raids on British hos
pitals. In the past five weeks American air
men have inflicted three times the
casualties suffered.
Formerly (lerniua planes flew freely
over the American lines in the Toul
sector but there they now timidly ven
ture forth only twice a day, on an av
erage. Prisoners admit the Americans now
dominate the air from Ht. Mibjel
Post a Moiisson.
w. s a.
NO ARMY EVER HAD
CARE LIKE OUR OWN
WASHINGTON, May 27 (Offi
ciaP The 1 1 oops training camps
cominisHiou has umde public a state
meat by President Wilson in which
he mivs that no army in the history
of (lie world hiih ever had more
puiustnl- ini' protect ion and atimula
tion of mental, moral and physical
mnnh I iliiin the American Army
which we hae orgauized, adding
''hwiy en.canr lias heen indue to
surround our lighting men with that
environment which Democracy owes
to those who air lighting in its be
half "
w. . a. .
FEAR FOR BAER
PARIS, May '.'T-M Associated Press)
Lieutenant Paul F. Haer of Mobile,
one of the American aviators, has been
missing since Mav L'L' and it is feared
thnt he is either killed or captured.
a Forty Mile Front
FIGHTING FRONT
losses upon the
enemy. Thev also
nightfall their
positions wore stronger
mi uuimi were successiui in pene
trating the advanced American posi
tions. Rallying and with reinforce
ments the Americans countered vigor
ously, charged back at the enemy, and
at the poiat of the bavonet drove them
back.
Punue Enemy
Pursuing the retreating enemy,
slaughtering as they went, the Ameri
cans continued on forward and entered
the fee 'a line.
In the Woevre sector a heavy raid
was also attempted and this the Amer
icana met and repulsed. Like the other
taii it waa presaged by a heavy bar
raga. Drive Not Mentioned
Oeneral Pershing's communique i
addition to telling this said that the
enemy shelled the American positions
in the Toul sector, using thousand! of
gas ahells but did not follow up the
barrage with any attempt at raids. An
enemy flier, ha said, was downed by the
Americans. He did not, however, make
any mention of the new drive in hli
Prt.
Farther reports received late last
'(? 'rom American headquarter!
"'d the Americans repulaed three
' f'"7 eecior, ia
eted aevere losses and took nam
her of prisoner. .- s"...-
iiigceqnsssjpger
And Freight '
Rates Are Ordered
Director General of Railroads
Makes Increases Which Are
Expected To Pay Higher
Wages and Greater Operating
Costs.
WASHINGTON, May 87 (Official)
- Increases in, freight rates of twenty
five percent and in passenger rates to
three cents a mile were today announc
ed by Director General of Railroads Me
A inu, following his orders of yester
day which increased the pay of 2,000,
immi. The freight and passenger rate
inc reases are required to meet the add
ed expenses of $300,000,000 which re
sults from the general raise in pay and
the increased cost in coal since the
railroads will now pay the same price
for their fuel as will individual con
sumers. It had been expected from the time
the report of the railroad wage coin
mittee was presented and made public
that if its recommendations should lie
approved by the director general of
railroaiU, ami there waa little doubt
thai they would be, that an increase in
revenue through higher freight and pas
sender rates would have to be secured.
INCREASE LARGEST
IN RAILROAD HISTORY
WASHINGTON, May 27 (Assuaiut
ed I'ressj it is estimated that the in
creased revenue to the railnoads through
increasing freight ratea twenty-five per
cent and increasing passenger fares
from two aud a half cents a mile, the
present basis, to three cents a mile will
produce an added revenue of betweeu
sii(i.il00,00() and $900,000,000.
The increase in paaseoger rates is
made effective June JO and the freight
rate increase on June "5.
The increases are the largest that
hac been made in the history of rail
inadiug in this country.
w. a. a.
ONLY SAFE LOSER
LONDON, May 28 (Associated
l'ress German prisoners taken in yes
ti idav's fighting state that it is fully
admitted in German military circles
that the recent heavy offensive against
the Franco British in the Lys valley
was u complete failure. The blame (or
tins is ascribed to faulty staff work
and the general who commanded the
Germans in that attempted drive has
been removed from command and dis
graced
ENTENTE FORCES
FALL BACK BUT
RETIRE KILLING
Chemin des Dames Blazing
Again In Mighty Struggle
Huns Drive Once
More For Ypres
NEW YORK, May 28 (Associated Press) Smashing in heavy
mass attacks at points two hundred miles apart, the German
offensive was resumed early yesterday morning. At a number of
points the Allies have fallen back before the initial fury of the
onslaught, but everywhere they nave inflicted tremendous losses
-non the enemy, selling each foot of ground dearly and methodically
retreating when the pressure of the oncoming masses endangered
them.
The great strength of the Germans is being employed at a new
point in this western offensive, the combined armies of von Bulow
and von Boehm, under the command of the Crown Prince, operating
on the south, between Soissons and Rheims, against the Franco-
British lines holding the famous Chemin des Dames ridge.
CROWN PRINCE IN COMMAND i:'fi
Berlin despatches state that the Crown Prince's advance has
regained for him the whole of the. ridge at this point and that; the
fighting la now along the -Aisne. The Germans took the rides by
storm, says the German, wireless forcing the French and BHtish ,
vr-Pcspatcheit ;from General ilC Ute..tha.r,thr: tih U 1 i's.
ironh have fallen back at one place,
f mans rained A terrific bombardment
numDer 01 tanas into tne action.. Tne British tell back on their left
into prepared positions which constitute their second line, f .
ADVANCE IN GREAT MASSES
The French despatches, reporting on this section of the battle,
state that the German bombardment equalled In intensity the great
preparation before the launching of the initial offensive on March
21. Following the tremendous expenditure of Uiells of all calibres,
the Germans advanced their infantry, Using great masses, which
followed a heavy barrage. Into the mass of greycoats the French:
shell rained, while the machine guns pelted the advancing foe, tak
ing terrific tolL
The Germans are using their fresh troops and throwing them
into the carnage with the utmost recklessness. From their trenches
along the Chemin des Dames heights the French gunners and in
fantry have maintained a wholesale carnage in the German ranks,
which time after time, in successive waves, rolled against the Allies'
positions and was time after time smashed and beaten back.
PARIS ADMITS RETIREMENT
An official despatch from Paris late last night gives confirma
tion to the Berlin claim that the Crown Prince at one point ha
forced the Allies back to the Aisne. A most violent battle, this re
port states, is raging along the Aisne front from Vauxaillen, eight
miles northeast of Soissons, to Brimont, five miles northwest of
Rheims, in the center of which the Germans have reached the neigh
borhood of Pont-Arcy. On this front the Franco-British are falling
back methodically, keeping up a steady, deadly resistance. "The
enemy is paying dearly for his futile success", says the official com
munique. The line of battle indicated in this Paris despatch shows that
the Allies have retired more than a mile on their left and nearly four
niles in their center, which now rests upon the Aisne.
Along this front of thirty miles, the German guns are drench
ing the Allies' rear positions with gas shells and many thousands
of high explosive shells.
COMPARATIVE QUIET IN CENTER
From Pinon, marking the right of the section attacked by the
Crown Prince, to Albert, in Northern France, the offensive has not
as yet been resumed, although there has been raiding in heavy force
at various sections by the Germans, a series of three such raids being
directed against the American sector near Hangard. Between Al
bert and Arras there was tremendous artillerying, but this waa not
followed up by infantry.
The second heavy point of attack was in Flanders, against the
northern side of the Armentieres salient. Here the fighting was only
slightly less in violence to that on the Aisne, the Germans suffering
most heavily and making only minor gains in spite of it.
DRIVING AGAIN FOR YPRES
The attack was launched at daybreak yesterday morning, after
a heavy bombardment. North of Kemm'el, between Locre on the
west and Voormezeele on the east, the smash towards Ypres was
resumed. Throughout the day the battleline wracked backwards
and forwards. Repeatedly the German rushes gave them temporary
jossession of British and French positions, and repeatedly the Allies
came back in counters that swept the Huns away, clearing them
from the trenches.
Early in the afternoon, after ten hours of desperate battling,
General Haig reported that the foe had virtually failed at all points
along this front. The early advantages gained by the initial rush
had been retrieved and at practically every section the Allied lines
had been reestablished.
(Continued on
at Berry au Bac, where the- Ccr-
of gas shells and brought a large
Page 3, Ooluinn 6)
'
t. ',;
- c . i

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