K. WEATHER BUREAU.
May 30, 1918 I.t twenty
font hoars' , rainfall .00.
Temperature Mln. T3f Mil,
o, westner, viesr. .....
. x, a v . w w : y w x wj : . : vsJ fc ' w w w ' f . -
:.VOlJ: LH. NO. 44 ' '')-'r-'V-:W::f UlONOLULtJ. HAWAII TERRlTORYt'"tTtlb.'lAY3i;-''l91&EMIAVEEKLY. t ' WHOLE NUMBER 4741" '
FommsEMy Entente Observer,
HIS ARMY TO
BY RAPID ADVANCES
Invasion Assumes Great Fan Shape arid Desper
ate Efforts To Widen Rear Positions Are
Defeated One After the Other,,
'EW-YORlC&ay 31 (Associated Press) (ontinuine to (lrlvback the French
Ucjenter, on a widening front, the armies of the Crown Prince are surging for
1 ward now, towards the Marne, last nierht having reached iVezilly,-within seven
miles of that river which marked the farthest German advance in August of 1914.
The advance is slow, but along a wide front has not yet been brought to a stand
still. Along the flanks the French and British are hammering. baclp the Hun efforts
to widen their gains. Soissons is still held in part by the French and the British are
desperately fighting to retain possession of Rheims, some outlying. forts of which are
said to have fallen. . i
The greatest effort of the Crown Prince is to extend his ground 'west from Pinon,
north of Soissons, where the drive started, and east of Brimont,1 which marks the
nearest the Germans have come to Bheims. A41 the German efforts In this direction
are being blocked, however, and the invading front south of Soissons and Rheims is
wider than the section over which the Germans have passed.
;. A REVERSED SALIENT FORMING '
Thus the advance is taking a fan-shape, or a reversed salient, which, if the tide
turns, may well leave the Germans ito a most desperate situation! ItsJs' to remedy
what the Germans recOgniw as a eat danger. that they are striving. u desperation
to widen their gains north of the Aisne: 'Vf- 'i!-
It is expected that the Germans will turn west after they reachth'e '.Marne and.)'
will attempt fvjSffrningliHtti
.sons, striking the French' flank with af tremendous force. v '
VV '''' FOCH MAY HAVE SURPRISE . '
Foch'g .reserye ,,are now pouring into the front and everything indicates that a
tremenaous oiow is impending, i ne ease with which the Germans are? advancing
on a wide center and the. impossibility they appear to be finding in their efforts to se
cure elbow' room in their rear leads to the impression that Foch has in .Store a
mighty blow that will cut off the whole of the Crown Prince's force or will force him
to retire under circumstances that will mean disaster to him and turn his victory in
to a reversed Sedan.
SIMILAR TO FIRST DRIVE
The battle as it had developed last night bore a striking resemblance to the first surge of the
Germans towards Paris, when disaster met them o:i the Marne. Then, as now, the fortified positions
had fallen without the Allied line being broken. The same condition now prevails, the Allied line
yielding in places before the enemy, with the same leader who smashed von Kluck in 1914 now guid
ing the Allied destinies. The confidence in the Hero of the Marne remains unshaken throughout the
armies of the Entente and another German reverse along the same Marne front is expected.
An official despatch from Paris last night says that the French have resisted every German ef
fort to secure the railroad outskirts of Soissons, while the left bank of the Oise is solidly held.
Multiplying their efforts, the Germans are attacking in the direction of Ville-en-Tardenois in the!
direction of the Marne. This town is twelve miles s-mthwest of Rheims and about six miles north of the
WITH UNDIMINISHED VIOLENCE
The battle at nightfall was continuing with undiminished violence along the whole front. Through
out Wednesday night the battle raged and there has not been a moment's cessation in the heavy Ger
man attacks nor in the brilliant counters and stubborn defense of the F.ntente, whose lines have not
shown a sign of breaking at any point.
Repeated attempts to break through the French front both north and south of Soissons were
made, the Germans sending their attacks forward as fast as they were broken up, under orders to se
cure the positions regardless of cost.
An early semi-official statement from Paris announced that the German flood would soon be
dammed, but this had not been accomplished up to last night.
South of the Aisne, against the British along the Aisne Canal before Rheims other fierce attacks
were launched, tine after the other, each breaking before the British defense. Here, as on the opposite
side of the salient, the Germans used every ounce of their available man power.
Berlin wireless reports last night were short, the official communique stating only that south of
Fcreen, General Ardeno is fighting his way towards the Marne.
ROWN PRHJCK. who is approaching with his armiet the
scent oflhe disastrous German defeat along the Marne by
the same French general who how commands the combined armies
of the Entente ;
STEEL SHIP BUILT
IN SIXTEEN DAYS
Builders Claim World's Record
For Vessel of Size Great
WAMHINUTON, My 30 (Official)
Claim to it world record for the
liuilding of a vewu'.l of the size of the
one launched today id made by a gov
rninient shipyard on the Paciflo Coaat.
Thin veitHfll was built in aixteen dnvM
unit twelve hour and it 1 said the
former rr,ord wu vixty-flve days.
Khip workers in a privately owned
vard have raised 10,000 and are i hal
lunging the other yards of the country
for a national contest in shipbuilding
The same company has determined
upon the construction of a concrete dry
deck capable of receiving vessels of
(MIDI) tons. It will cost only half as
much as if it were constructed of steel.
Another big plunt plans further ex
paohicn 0 mat $100,000,000.
EXPENSES OF WAR
Nation Is Now Spending Fifty Mil
lions Dally and These Ex
penses Will Grow
WASHINGTON, May 30 (Official)
Increases of 300,000,000 in expenses
during the puht mouth to more than a
billion and a half dollars is reported
hy the treasury depart men t. The fig
ures given are' not the high reeord for
any of the belligereiu .,uons. Included
in tlione, expenditures are the loau to
the Allies and the average daily ex
pense was ,r.0,000,000. Still greater
outlays are forecast for the next six
To help meet these expenses the
new revenue legislation, will be requir
ed, as was docided by congress after
the receipt of the President's stirring
message on the subject and June ti
has been fixed an the date for the com
FRENCH PREMIER ALMOST
CAPTURED BY GERMANS
I'AIUH, May 30 (Associated Press)
-Narrow escape of Premier Clemen
ccau from capture is told by Petit Jor
nal. The incident is reported to have
occurred yesterday. The premier was
visiting the front and had left an ex
posed position only a short time be
fore it was taken by an enemy patrol.
Hot ween his departure aud the arrival
of the enemy only a few short minutes
w. s. s.
FRENCH GENERAL MEETS
HIS DEATH FROM SHELL
LONDON, May 30 (Aaaociated
Press) A Russian wireless say I that
the central committee of Finnish work'
men has protested against the' reign
of terrorism by the so-called "White
Guard". Seventy thousand persona
are said to have been imprisoned and
the brutalisrrt is unexampled.' Thirty
thousand civilians are among those
sent to prisons or prison camps.
The Germans are assisting the Fin
nish troops in the terrorising of the
In one day 158 women prisoners
were killed. Many Slaters of Merry
have been slain and the executions are
proceeding. Court martinis condemn
persons en masse. The proletariat rep
resentatives are calling on the world
to stop the terrorism.
UPON MEMORIAL DAY
WASHINGTON, May 30 (Official)
Today is Memorial Day and is gen
erally being observed throughout the
country, the South joining with the
North, in accordance with the Presi
dent 's proclamation that it should be
observed as a day of prayer for suc
cess in the war and for honoring the
Nation 's dead soldiers and sailors.
President Wilson attended church
services this morning and later march
ed in the line of the parade to the
w. s. s.
FOR OPPRESSED RACES
HEAVY ATTACKS ON
ARE BEATEN BACK
American Positions Well Consoli
dated and Gun Fire Deadly Ac
curate Aviator Taken By
Germans Before Eyes of Comrades
WASHINGTON, May 31 ( Associat
ed Press) Heavy enemy attacks apon
the American positions at Cantigny were
continued throughout yesterday, ac
cording to the communique which was
received from General Pershing last
night. The Americans have, however,
thoroughly consolidated ami strength
ened their positions, are well entrench
ed and have been able to beat back all
attacks with heavy losses.
Waves of men have been thrown
gainst these American positions but
the- srtillery and machine gun fire hail
ed upon them have halted them and
sowed great holes in their lines.
A American aviator was captnred
by the enemy and marched into the
enemy trenches before the eyes of his
eomrsdes yesterday and before they
were able te effect his rescue. This avi
ator had been forced to land in No
Man's Land, close to the enemy's en
tanglements. A patrol rushed out up
on him as hej Isnded and he was com
pelled to raise "Jiisjiands above his head
and to inarch Intoijhe German trenches
where he- disappeared.
GERMANS ANGERED BY
J v .-WASHINGTON.-. Mar J0AflOUlVt
Uvrf Angered, fcyhe Amerxaua'. saptutw
os) Caattgay in ltcardy, the Uerraans
Apparent Attempt To Inaugurate
Drive Against British Is Frus
trated By Deadly Fire of Artil
lery and Machine Guns
LONDON. May 31 (Associated
Press) What appeared to be ft serious
attempt on the part of the German
main command to inaugurate another
drive on the Western front was made
yesterday morning against the British
on the southern angle of the Armentl
Bringing forward a large number of
tanks, the Germans opened an assault
ia force, their leading battalions being
met with a blast of artillery and Ma
chine ran fire that ther were eomDlete-
Uy smashed before getting into action.
wun tne collapse or these battalions
the dnve ended almost as soon as It
five desperate attacks
in efforts to recover their lost posi
tions. They attacked in waves but the
attacks were brought to dead halt
with a hurricane fire from the Ameri
can artillery and machine guns. The
losses, of the foe were heavy. The
Americans have eoasolidated their
gains. - , .
In the Luneville sector -there was a
gas attack followed by an infantry at
tack in which 'Only fourteen reached
the American positions and all of these
were killed or made prisoners.
Americans are reported aa Jubilant
over these successes. Secretary Baker
said the American forces seem to have
shown great valor.
w. a. s. '
ARE TOLD III FJJLL
Figures Are Much SmalleK Than
Those Which Germany Has-
LONDON, ifay Jo e- fAisoclntefl (
Press) The return of British shipping
losses, by submarine whieh is now
sppearing monthly, , ao longer gives
the number of vessels lost, but only the.
total tonnage lost. The figure tor the
year 1917 by months, which will be
useful for purposes of comparison with
the monthly returns, are as follows:
DiyNews Despatches 89,m
I'AHIH. May 31 (Associated Press)
tleneral Pierre de Valliers, of the
K'rench armv, was killed in action on
Tuesday. He was struck by a frag
men t of shell and instantly killed.
proposed legislation which is expected
to produce four billion dollars addi
tional. Other money needed will be raised
bv further issues of Liberty Bonds it
beina expected that the uet loan will
uieiiccuicut oi fh hearings i o ouch I I" ull-J ("r in the autuuio.
PARIS, May 31 (Associated Press)
The French air forces were heavily
employed throughout yesterday, fight
ing half a hundred air battles, bomb
ing the German massed infantry and
attacking it with machine guns. Hun
dreds of casuSlties were inflicted on
the German foot soldiers, while nine
teen Germaa machines and two bal
loons were destroyed.
FIXED BY PRESIDENT
WASHINGTON, May 30 (Official)
Maximum price for aluminum, to be
sold in fifty ton lots, was made by
the President today when he announc
ed a price of thirty-three eeats n
pound, effective June J, to Hepjember 1.
WASHINGTON, Msy SO (Associst
ed Press) Anaouncement of the en'
gagement of Mrs. Alfred Gwyne Van
derbilt to Kay Baker, director of the
mint, was today mude by Capt. Isaac
Kinerson, father of the bride to be.
The wedding is to tke place neit
WASHINGTON, May 30 (Official)
Sympathy for the oppressed races of
Austria Hungary is expressed in a
statement which haa been issued by
Hecretaray of State Lanaing in which
be said in part: "The proceedings of
the congress of the oppressed races of
Austria Hungary which was held in
Home last month hsve been observed
with great interest by the United
States government. The nationalistic
aspirations of the Czecho slovaks and
the Jugoslavs for freedom have the
earnest svmpathv of this nation.
w. a. a.
PAPER IS PUBLISHED
FOR U. S. ENGINEERS
SKATTI.K, Washington, May 17
(Associated Press) First issues of
"The Home Tic", a paper devoted to
the home interests of United States en
irineers recruited in the northwest, re
cet tv uihiIc their appearance. The
"Tie" is a companion to "The Spik
er", u publication issued by the engi
neers at the front, and it is designed
to keep the relatives and friends in
touch with the men. Copies will be
sent to the men in France.
W. S. S. -
CHAIN LETTERS TABOO
IN W. S. S. CAMPAIGN
WITH THE FRENCH ABMT, May
30 (Associated Press) The Allied re
serves are now taking their positions
on the batlefront.
PAHIS, Mae 30 The great western
battle continues today with tremend
ous fury and shock.
All night the battle raged without
cessation. This morning the French
are holding the western outlets of
Soissons, tho..gh part of the town was
evacuated late yesterday.
Northwest of Bhelms the French and
British have broken down the Ger
man assaults and are maintaining their
French reserves are continuing to
srrive and the Germans' advance is
Repeated Germaa attempts to break
through the lines in the Soissons region
have been frustrated with heavy losses
and the defensive positions bavs been
The German center is now fighting
in the neighborhood of Veailly, eigh
teen miles from where the drive start
PARIS, May 30 After s morning of
ferocious battling, a semi official state
ment was issued declaring that the
German flood will soon be dammed.
Increasing violence marks the tight
ing south of the Aisne. The Germans
are using every ounce of their man
power. IAJNDON, May 2 The German at
tacks northwest of Festubert have been
The Germans in starting their drive
used more tanks than ever before.
WASHINGTON, May 30 Today's
casualty list from France includes the
names of five killed in action, one who
died of wounds, four by accident,
eleven of disea-" -ine severely wound
ed, two idightijr wounded and three
w. s. a.
ATTEMPTED RAID UPON
PARIS PROVES FAILURE
Allied and Neutral
W ASHINGTON, May 16" Don't
tionst the sale of War Savings Stamps
by means of chain letters." This rc
uuest won made by officials of the treab
urv department Wednesday.
British Allied and Neutral
PARIS, May 30 (Associsted Press)
Air defeuse guus brought down a Hun
air raiding machine last night during
an attempted raid on this city.
Ouly one enemy machine succeeded
In breuking through the air defense
and fhii'jr over the citrv. This machine
dropped vine bombs jo the pul-urba.
. . 369,161
. . 487,337
. . 333,443
The toniiuge of steamship of 500
gross tous and over entering and clear
ing British ports from and to ports
overseas (embracing all seaborne traflle
other than coastwise and cross Channel)
is uh follows:
November . .
December . . .
K. SI 8,564 tons
6.336. 668 tons
7 ,.3 -.6.0 tOQI
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