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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, June 21, 1918, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-06-21/ed-1/seq-2/

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AinnnrnA r 1 s iKlh I I I a i f il I M A tjWfc. Mi. 11 -' A ' . V ' ki I I ' '
in ii ii lit" I'liiinn iiiihu rniiiiki'ii ii in iIl;i. i- 1 f ,11: a r .
miitlko ur otlufln Hfll OUUbQOItU IU m. 13 ue uPe i
FFFI PnNnnPHT m T Fn u nFWn ranters
I LLL UUI1I lUulll uuiiiiiiuu vmuuiLr
In Snitc of Fact That Two Chief
Regular Carriers Go On
Other Run Hope Rises
Situation Is Admittedly More
Serious But Adequate Relief
May Be On Its Way
Amcmif tin' shippers of sugar tharc in
a rtithrr l it'T Ir lin', more ('(infitliMirc
tlint rrlii'f "ill iiif altliouh this
He i' mi Id lie mtlirr .if n n uiioiiiuIiiun Hit
liMtion in I lif f:ir cif th- two most
rohalili1 sii'.ir .:irii"is fmm tliiii run
to urti nil omr tiihiT. T)htp in mi
;-i ti - i ii f uniKil i"ii Hint hai roi'i'nt
Jy rt-ai'lit'il ll'iiuiliilii to warrant tint
but thi' fi'i'!iiii( romilts more from the
i-ni'r.'il ii- h.
Ki -km 1 s of lln" rnpi.l lillilding of shim
on tin' in 1 1 ii l.i ii I nro riK'niiravIng au:ir
dliil'l-i-ri i.; tin- hrlicf that reTinf; to the
cnii).M'Hl inn licrt' inay Hoon come from
that ni'iri i' i.f niilv. There are to rue
whii InuK f ir it to come an earlV as
next in. nit h. ) ii "ii hly Iiy the mi. I. He of
the inun!)i. Tin' argument they nlvanee
to Hupnir' tlicir (.'rowing confiileni'e in
that with so many new venue la leaving
lit ayn on tin' l'aeifie Coast ami with
the miM'riiin.'iit well aware of the larjje
nro'iimt nf Mii)rnr jiilinR up here ami
xlrcn.lv nn li'in.l, prnviaion will be maile
for the nioviiij; of the nufrar by means
of some of thorn new ghiim.
Theory Finds Support
There is riiison to be found in sup
j o: t of tlieir theory t'roip the a.lvires
rr. eivi il relative to hipi that may he
hooii expei ti'.l. This would imlieate a
jMiliey of the sort that in expeeted and
ultlionh two i tiijiortn nt sujar carrier,
reuily the two thnt were moHt import
not to the Islim Is, are j;one they may
Bonn be replaeed by n larger tonnage
of new whipping. This is, however,
largely surm,is. .
,L There mViiimizing the aeriouii
netu of the situation. Even with the
two Matxon ven.sels nn the Island run,
it has been impossible to keep sugar
moving in n I " ith production and
each week there has been an addition
to the stork of laws in storage await
i.UX t ransportut ion. There can be no
adequate relief until the twp .Mtson
boats shall be replaeed liv a larger ton
nage. If such relief shall come next
month the situation will be less serious
for otherwise. unless many bottoms
ahall come in the following three
months, innili of this year's crop will
have to go over into the next "sugar
Jt'Br" for tOiii'inent. the present "su
gar year" ending November .'10. If it
does o nvcr, there will be a no ineon
Biderable amount i' in'-nnveuience occa
sioned lo the 1 1 1 1 1 1 a n i r s nn, their agen
r ies.
Relief From Transports
Some relief ina be atTnrde.1 from
trnnsports earring -ue:ir t,, the limit
lif their elnptv space from here
nut but the 1 r ; i . -1 " . i t .In not move with
Ii fretucne ii.o d-. 1lie luive available
space to cut linn h .f a figure against
fluch a great tonnage as is already
nwuiting shipment. Vet Hawaii is for
tmiate to wcuiv this for the t'hilippine
planters hae 1 n for several months
eeking just this boon and have sougllj
in vain. It is i.-pntt.-d. however, that
this arrangement lias been made for
Haw aii.
Planters will be lad to get whatever
they can seeme new shipping nl
'.hough, thus far. il has on a number of
occasions been found that the vessels,
on reaching here, hae not the cargo
capacity for sugar that is exptxted.
This has happened a number of times
and only recently it was learned that
one of the new vessels had a capacity
500 tons less than had been reported.
Poor Bunker Arrangements
Another di.sud aiitage of the new
ships that have thus far arrived here
lias been their bunker construction.
They were not built as sugar carriers
from here haw usually been and it has
been found impossible to load at more
than one port. Two cases of this na
ture have recently been observed and if
the same type of construction is con
tinued it will mean that some of the
ships will loud in full here and others
will load in full in Ililo. This merely
Utisets usual custom ami means a re
adjustment of methods, but it is one of
the bothcis that helps to worry and
annoy shippers and uicnts.
How About Pines
Helative to the trim-ports taking su
gar from here Col H McA. .Schofleld,
the quartei inasler his been ipioted as
waving that lie had taken the matter
(if shipments up with Washington and
had received permission to place avail
able cargo space of transports at the
disposal of sugar m.nements but there
exists a dauger that .loos not appear
to havit been reckoned that canned
pines, a ration for the army and navy,
may be given such space in preference
through some possible recoiisideiutioii.
The situation Is complicated in that tfie
reason for moving the .unued pines is
oovv at hand. The space usually avail
itble on transports is said to run about
t vv o or three thousand tons and the
uunrtei -master 's department is usually
iaforiued several dins in advance of
the piobaldc lime of in riv al of a turns
port from the l'hilippines.
Borrowing OH Stdtadfe Receipts'
and Subsequently On Bills '
of La dirt g Proposed I
Pelnys in shipments and cnnseipient j
de'ays in receipts from sales need not.
it is pointed out, cause a stoppage of I
dividi'ti Is ss resulted in the case of 1
San CarloM in the, l'hilippines and. of
some of the rubber companies the '
uKNilila wav out in one that has not
een traveled h the eonumiiies here in I
the past but. It is a rierfectly simple
j and common business arrangement that
is ei' pioye.l Iiy many other industries
on tiie mainland.
I "While it would be or policy to
pny dividends from surplus far in ad
a n.e of returns from sugar," sHid a
'representative of one of the larger
I ngencies here, "there i; nothing to pre
vent, so far as it occurs to me, the bor
rowing on warehouse, receipts which
cover the sugar in storage here while
awaiting transportation. In that way
dividends could be continued and the
borrower pay the lender upon securing
his returns. Of course there would be
details tu be arranged such as the trans
fer of securities, substituting bills of
tailing for warehouse receipts when the
sugar did finally leave for the refinery.
"To continue the payment of divi
den Is while sugar pile up is, strictly,
not anticipating dividends for it is the
paymeut of dividends upon a pro. In.
tion already accomplished except for
the marketing and the oiJy uncertainty
aa to price to be received is how much
larger it might be by reason of the de
lay for there is not the slightest danger
iif a lower sugar priee after the first of
the year an.) good chances for a higher
price, according to all the advices that
come to us. ,
"1 can see no reason why such a plan
I should not be feasible and the divi
I tlend paying companies continue to meet
their dividend demands through some
such method as suggested. "
I .- . , H . a.
Increase of Charges and Limiting
Loading Ports Bring Wes
sages To Washington
SAN .H AN, 1. R., May 1 1'orto
Hieau sni::r producers are acnin com
t plaining of what they regard as nn
I justified rnliiius nn the nart of the
shipping authorities responsible for the
transportation of the island's crop.
They say that while assurances were
received from Washington in response
to previous protests thnt the practises
complained of would be i linnged, new
rnlmgs win
have been
h the
u n air
! ' on sliiv
p.ug nen. I
ipia r! ei .1- i i"
V 'V
Objert Tj Port T
uitall n
ariier com
The ,1
oin .',. 'u I'or'c
1 C III. (, li
K ' owing the
a' vVc hington,
I l ie t hat this
iii Miio'.l, but new
ike. I bv a recent
Ki.-o in .-ii
load mij' t
iMlgin'K "
advices v ei
pract ise i- oi
protests h.i
order to il,,
not lie sent
load 111,111111
etlcct that vessels would
to ports which could not
bags of sugar per ilav.
ruling shipments would be
I'nder this
aceepte.l Hilly st
Han Juan, Mayaguez,
A gume and p'a iardo
centrals nuul.1 be compelled, to
send their suoars to these uorts The
producers point out that this ruling
will not niilv impose additional expense
upon them for the transportation of
their ciop, but that there are not suf
tieient storage facilities at the jKirts
inentioiicd lo house Ihe stocks of sugar
which would accumulate there, and that
ill effect the order discriminates 111
fnvnr of the centrals located near these
Other recent rulings which have
. nrvuson greai nissatisraetion are , one
increasing freigfit ratfs to -New York
j on sugars shipped in bags containing
i less (ban ilO pounds by 10 percent
over the rnte lixed for sugar in bags,
and one in-ren-mg the rate on washed
. sugar by six cents per 100 pounds,
i Practise on Bags Attacked
The practise of the refineries in
i making a deduction of ' "i ceuts er bug
'on all suusrs not shuiue.i in now liuirs
! is also st rough
ooje.-ie.i to. I lie pro
the scarcity of bans is
I dueers sav Hint
such that they have lo ship is whatever
iney ciui gel
not justified
when second
The same
and that the refineries are
in making any deduction
hand bags arc used.
)Kiint is raised by them
against the nil-reuse uj the rate on bugs
or .'.m Miiu.ls or less, since they say
(that they have been obliged by the
(shortage to use large numbers of the
bugs known as standard size., " which
hold on I v pounds.
As a result of tlowe accumulating
grievuncee, the (-ugur Producers' AsH if
i i ....... i...... . u . Afi
v-tt.ioj or. i s ii-iirr in iveAasienr
Comiiiissioncr Cordova Uuvila ut Wash
iligton, reiui'sling him to eudtavof to
, obtaiu souie relief from what the pro
! ilucnrs consider UDiiecesnury hardships
ilkHified MfMin thuiii.
moves the cause. Used the world vet
to ciue a cold in one day. The sfg na
ture K W C.ROVP. is on each boi
Manufactured by the i'AKIS MKlJl
C1NB CO.. f. Utuu, V. & A
To Get Fertilizer
Substitute Were Available
There Are No Ships Available
To Bring It Here In Quantities
That Are Required
I In order to keep up maximum speed
in production of fugar, an essential for
! the country anil the world in times of
war as well as times of peace, the plan
tations of these lslamia requit a miu
i in u in of 5000 tons monthly. The only
suituble fertiliser that ca,n readily lie
I made available is Chilean nit rati v.
These are two of the oUtstBn.Ung facts
that were placed before. 8eeretnry
l.ane and the Hawaiian PUihem' As
soeiation experiment station on Wed
nes.lay Iiy trustees-of the planters' as
sociation. It, ia not within, the prov
ince of the sefi-etnry's department to
afford the iilknters any relief from the
shortage of , fortitlrer supply but he is
the representative of tbe adrninistrn
tion, the prvillicUoJi of the soil is close
Iv related to the land questions which
Secretary .Lade, Is here to investigate
and it il believed that he cAn be, and I
gladly will $e, a .spokesman for them
at WaslLidftton when the opportunity
o do arise-.,
Two BokJtaoll ,
It ha )oen found tnat Chilean ul
trates wit' stl)phurle ammonia are tbe
two fertilisers that , bring best results
in the lajanita, Unttj. of them are
quick of .ctior aiirl ensiiv applied, nf
ten if not usually applied through tbe
irrigation . wtK,, Thus they ran be
put on at Oie time when they are need
ed to spesM up1 (he growth pf the can
and to tiring abont growth at just
the tim wljeti Is required. No oth-
r fertSllW v been found that
will perform this service as do these
Hulphurii arnroonla has been, found
to work bettor than nitrates in some
sections, , mora especially; in the Hilo
iisrnct, tnaa doef nitrate. A sutriciont
supply of sitriet WOuJd answer and the '
Hecretary wa show that the supply
of the two combined is less than the (
requirement of a-single month aud the
season is atiiiana wnen it is required.
cannot uex ouDsniutea
Were it Densibja to seenre a substi
tute, even if !k were Ies satisfactory,
the planter wipuM t so jand mak
the best of U,,ut , wsa, pblnt4 out
to Hecretary, Jjine that the shortage, of
ships between th8 ,malnUind anil here
renders it impossible to bring supplies
f another fertiliser to replace the ni
'rates. The sulbhuric ammonia is ob
j tained chiefly from the iron ami steel
! manufacturers of the mainland as a
I by product of their outpnt and, as
I 'he government is all bot running these
factories and nee Ir sulphur as well as
oiler for in u ii 1 1 i . n pur,0" . there is
a cpiHte sup-Iv ol tr nr I le and uo
' "s to biiiiL' it here if V c e.
r" Me Ore Stit e
rims it cones lo n 'bat
in" r ites !
on Chile l:r".t is Hi- hope of Hie
idi ntcrs. lu t, s connection there is
-ii interestiui.' s'ory bat htr recently
' ecu heard. It is said tlint a certain
fertilizer company KOiii'ht licenses for
shipments fiom Chile here and was in
formed that there would, be no objec
tion to the granting of the license or
permit but I hat no ships Were avail
able. If there were ships the com
pany , cpuld secure the shipments. Bo,
the story goes, the company went out
and finally secured two cargo carriers
and .applied for permits for shipment
on Jhem. The prrmitji were not grant
ed for the government tOok the vessels
to ram nitrates for its own use.
As has been outlined before in The
Advertiser, the government needs niter
Hinl sulphur for munition mauufac
ture and rug obtain the one from ni
f rates and the other from sulphuric
immonia Hawaii needs them to grow
sugar. The government seems to be
regarding the need for munitions as
greater than the need for sugar even
at the sacrifice of a third or more of a
crop of Hawaiian sugar.
Throughoui the Territory the War
Savings Stumps campaign will be speed
ed up. plans to this effect being adopted
yesterday morning at the office of Hob
ert W Hh ingle, the director of the
work in Hawaii, following some valu
able assistance ven by Assistant Bee
retary of the Interior Hrudley, whio is
one of i 1m- national W. S. & .directors.
. Mr Hlunglc, as a result, wi),l tour the
islands to ,JM.,., tbe work and eu
tbusiasui cverv where. He will be ac
com.anu- l by a corps of spankers and
inoiion PI. lures wi
USJ'd The lour wi
lures will also be widely
tour will beffin the lattur
part of next week,
next week, Kauui being first
i i r . i.ei
i r. l.ec. tlie V K H sec re
tlivl vl
, '"T-rtwis.
spondent of
the Weekly
Siifur Trade Journal at
British Uoiuiia. writes un
May X that weather con-
d.-r ,1
the w
gar ,e
ex. is.
on .
and . .
Hi u lis
1 1 1 v a ,
le ot
have been favorable on '
nnaougn ttiwre has neen
too much rain, and that the su
"inn is expected to he normal.
w. s s. .
l.lMptiun government levins an
I '' "I II pounds and (1 shillings
II 'on ol snoar manufactured
1 "'" d in ! he land of the I'ha
WATER Mrtd fertilizers are the "Wo important requisites for feood crops of sugat- in trie Hawai
Un Isliirida. In the lower picture ia shown a well irriajated and well fertilized canT field
witlt the stlar rnill iri the background. Above a flume bringing water down to irrigate this
and bttier fields of the koloa nlantaMon. Withou. a supply of nitrates such fields as that shown
in the bicti're cannot be grown.
- -t :
rrr- s- W-
. XBW YORK, June i; -Food A.I minis
trator Hoover's stieclal messnL... to tin.
tieopie of the country read from church
pulpits on Sunday, M'ay 0, urging the
immediate conservation of sugar was
favorably com men ted on in sugur circles
this week, reports Facts About Huiznr
It was regarded as a timely step toward
3yrtillff, a possible recurrence of the
uiturbing conditions of last full and
winter. , . ,
Appeal Coksidertd (Opportune
Not only did the trade hold to the
igenerai opinion that the request was
a timely one, coming. at the beginuing
I of the jierioil of heaviest consuinpf ion,
but the view was held abo that it
would prove highly effective inasmuch
Ins Mr. Hoover had taken I he public
into his confidence by deftly directing
attention to the impossibility of sugar
leing in plentiful supply during the
remainder of 1IN, on account of the
j increasing demands upon shipping for
oversens . military and food supply
-a,' i . mi..
prominent !
Discussing these points
irugar authority said:
"When warned in time and
the reason for the warning, the
icun Mople can be deicii.ed
A iner
respond wholeheartedly to aiv
sonable request made to them
the exercise of self denial that
aid in winning the war. Tin
pries fully to the sugar situation. Now
that Mr. Hoover has met both of these
requirements be has jrouo a long way
toward avoiding tike mistake made last
year when the public was led lo be
lieve that suur supplies w.Tc ample
and no posMbiblv of a future shortage
was intimated by I hose who wcr.
aw are of gondii ions ' '
thfltience of Ship Situation
Mr. II oover 's referent e to
consisted of a short pnramai.h
suga r
statement referring at greater length
to the cotirtcrvut ion of wheat and
meals H was as follows:
In (he case of sugar we are einbar
rasse.l l.y the necessity of using ships
for earning our soldiers and feeling
the Allies, and ill conseipienee we mnsl
uae sugar with grent economy. We
must einpliiiBi,e the importance of can
ning and preserving on a large scale
j atiMjng our people this summer ami our
avmialile sugar must lie conserved for
this purpose.
The import of Mr. Hoover 's state
ment to the American people coincides
With the opinion which has prevailed
in the trade for some time past relative
to the general outlook. Hince the be
ginning of lust mouth it has been real
i.ed that the refiners will be hard
pressed to meet the heavy demand
which is expected to set in when the
canning season gets into full swing,
ajl.l there is every reason to believe
that this demand will bu fullv us heavy
I as lust year. As Mr. Hoover has now
indicated that the best interests of the
AliiHiicaii public cun be served by eon
serving the greatest possible annum! of
food products through preserving and
canning, and as there is no cull for
any curtailment iu that direction, it is
not unlikely that the demand for
sugar for home preserving may be even
greater than last year, when it
drained the country of practi.-alh all
visible find invisible supplies.
Raws Are Limited
To meet this condition refined sup
plies must be obtained from the Inn
lit ed volume of raws which can I
w...u.i i. i. .wmtl fmn. .p...i,.
sections to refining points from now
to the end ef the year. These mi. .nth
ly shipments will inevitably s,0w a
considerable shrinkage as coiopaied
with the movement during April and
May. Another unfavorable factor is
the unusually low level of raw slocks,
(which practically eipiul only one w .ek s
inching reipiii L'uieuts.
'. : .-.,. .'j i - 3.'.'.
. .4, . .
It is known that refined stocks in
distributors' hand are not large mid
in only very few in.-tances represent
any laige perce i.tnge if anticipated re
ipiircmenlh for the next sixty days. The
invisible supply represented in this
case by sugar in retailers' hands and in
consumers' households, while not defl
nitely known, is unquestionably small.
Paring the past five months close to
l.L'fioXMl long tons of sugar have been
melted; representing about 1,21)0,000
long tons in terms of refined. This
has practically all passed into chan
oi ls of consumption and has been fully
lo-or!,,'.! us a eonseipienee of the strin
(geiu-y that existed during the bitter
months of
1 '" 7 ""' '',,rl' I"1" oi'lenfcri lad," as the disease is locnliv
. Ins v ear.
Consumption Figures
Figures issued by the international
sugar committee indicate that the per
apitu consumption for the first three
months of the year amounted to a lit
tie under seven pounds per month an.
re. pure. 1 refined supplies amounting to
i7:i, 7 IX t,.ns, or a little ov er ;I2.",IHMI
tons per mouth.
As coiisumpt ion during .lune, ,Iulv
and August will naturally be higher
than during the winter months of .Ian
; nail, February and March it is up
! patent that if a close balance is to be
j maintain.-. I between the supply and
. Ih" expected demand, the monthly re
cejpls of raws during the next three
I months should I vcr the 'toll, null ton
j mark for I he entire country. As this
, does not now seem possible, with the
I tonnage of sugar curriers steadiy .'
I dining, it would indicate that, while
I this critical period mav be satisfaetor
iiy spanned, it i nn be .lone only by the
narrowest of unreins.
While tl
! is no
asiou at this
siwar supply, i
lime for alarm as
il is regarded in
ters as iinperativ
m i n i st ral ion shoul
i nee to consei e
Slide and to cut
well informed nnar
... ,
e that the food ad
d exert every inllu
sugar wherever pos
ils use iu certain
ma nuf act un ng
italloiis. One.
lines below present lim
e past the peak of the
next three months, there
any great difficulty iu
.piste supplies to, meet
until the i il l of the
demand in the
should not bi
jritTiding adi
current needs
Conditions Summed Up
Conditions may be summed up as
follows: Th,. monthly volume of ship
incuts of ruvv sugar has renche.l ils
maximum for I Ins year an. will decline
from now on; .luring the coming three
months demand probubly will exceed
supply, the difference between the two
having to be met by voluntary or rcg
nlated conservation iu the part of
household consumers and manufactiir
crs; unless withdrawals of shipping are
heavier than are now anticipated, a
siillicieut supply will be available to
meet the reduced demands of the conn
trv during the latter part of the year.
Shipping facilities will continue to rcg
ulate the supply, nil. I if the careful
conservation advocate, I by Mr. Hoover
is practised, it will be possible to get
through the year with no great hard
ip being felt by the consuming pub
Aside from the question of ships,
ninai her factor that may affect the sup
ply of sugar available to the Ameri
can public is the probable necessity of
this country furnishing the Allies and
certain neutral nntious with some re
" I -UK'" lioih France and (ireat
Hril'im piesinnably will need assist
anc in the shape of sugar supplies
from us before the end of the year.
The total annum: of sugar that will be
repined for export to meet this dc
maul will not reach the niiiount ex
Polled III 1'Mli i 1)117, ),,it it will
I..- eioeie.li to heroine a factor to be
lak.-o into coosidei at ion lyy the tiale
and Ih.- Aiinwican people.
2 'ft -"X" VvXY
1 t "s-i.
',' - "f-
Novel Disease Is
Attacking Cade
Ia Porto Rico
Known As Mottled Malady Which
SAN JUAN, V. R., May 1M An ap
peal has been made to the United
Htate department 'of agriculture for
assistance in fighting the mottling .lis
ease of cane in I'orto Rico. The ap
cbI is made by the department of ag
ricul ire and labor of the island, but
is being seconded by the sugar pro
ducers, w'ho see ill the stircn.l of 'lit
culled, a serious threat to the future
prosperity of the industry.
"I.a enfcrinediid " is apparently pe
culiar to I'orto Rico; at least its ex
istcnie elsewhere has not been demon
strnted to the sntistnetion of .John A.
Stevenson, plant pathologist of the Itio
'iedras Agricultural F.xperiment Sta
lion, who has studied the disease mine
thoroughly Hi an any one else. It first
attracted serious attention about two
years ago iu the Ateeibo district, and at
first was believed to be nierelv a con
'lit i 'ii of the cane resulting from
Treatment upon this diagnosis failed
to produce proper results, however, and
a closer study revealed the existence
of n hit heilo in. known disease. Since
that tune it has spread steadily, in
spite of (he unceasing efforts of the
experu t station staff to solve the
problem of its control, and in certain
sc.-1 loii', noial.lv
o, has praeti
illivilion At
age are being
oipe I i na :i ica,
a lilla. 1 abela,
us well as in
llv wiped out
the present time
seriously felt m
Mnvaue, An::
and Havaiuon li
o. A ,
III. Is,
j A re i bo a ii I
I 't ua.io.
given the
I he name given the disease by Mr.
I Stev ensoii is descriptive, since the
I symptom bv which it is recognized is
la green and while mottling of the
leaves ol t h
ciiiie, which shows a stunt
Weil UeSCnOea IIS SymptOmS - P I Kiver, also from points in the
and Growers On Island Are'Su,",,r, "f I o"iHi,",m n,nd I""' rV,Ta
iii " , i shall bo incrensed; to Chicago, 111.,
Alarmed Unknown Elsewhere twenty two (22) cents per 100 pounds;
ed growth. As the disease progresses J modify rates are published on substan
tia stalk dries and splits, and in the tially the same commodities betweai
second or thud season the plant dies.
The nature of the disease has not been
definitely established.
Iu a recent circular entitled Notes ou
the Control of the Mottling lbscuse of
Cane, seed selection, destruction of
diseased stalks, trials of new varie
ties, planting of those found resistant,
and the use of the best approved iiieth
oils of cultivation are advised by Mr.
Stevenson as menus of control. 'e
structioii of the diseased stalks is con
sidcre.l of special imporlan.e, as there
is evidence to indicate that the disease
is transmitted through the air by in
sects or other agents.
W. a. s.
Cut iu half by one stroke, the Can a
'I i ii n ean.lv makers will now- be allowed
only five pounds of sugar when they
ir j
means that the Canadians will have to!
aiiowcii U'u pounds amt thM
eat sweets ut reduced rations. The
i Canadian Food Hoard has thus decreed
' and from April 20th on consumers have
liecn limited tu a fifteen duy supply
with the yxpepfion of certain ceitilied
remote districts. Neither can sugar
; be sued superfluously iu the making of
biscuits and cakes. This new 'line up is
to adjust the oncoming demand for su
' uar do run; the uo-csei vini' season.
i w. a. . '- I
I u ring the summer months mothers
should watch for any unnatural loose
ness of the child's bowels. When giv
eu prompt attention at this time sen
oils trouble may be uvoi.lod. Chamber
lam's Colic and I'larrlioea Kenie.lv can
alwavs be depended upon. For i-ale
by all dealeis. Henson, Mini I h & Co t
i ltd , llgent.s for 1 1 11 vv U 1 1 . Advt.
Eastern Shipments
of Sugar Will
Pay Higher Freight
Twenty five Percent Boost Effec
tive Next Week Will Make Dif
ference On Consignment! to
Philadelphia and New York
WAfcHlNOTONTl-tny 27 bfreetor
Genernl McAdoo of the railroad afltHih
istration announced today that in
creases in freight and passenger rates
Yin all. fads under f ederal control
would fo into effect next month. The
increase in freight rates become af
fective June 25, and amounts to twenty
five pet-rent in most instance, although
the iucrease in commodity rates will
be less. A drastic feature of the ac
tion taken by the director general was
tbe abolition of all lower intrastate
Details of Increases
The advance in rates was promul
gated in (leneral Order No. 2(1, issued
by the I'nited States Railroad Admin
istration under date of May 28. Ae
companving the order was a lone mem
orandum explaining the proposed meas
ures of procedure to be followed in
determining the new rates. The In
creases to be applied as to sugar freight
rates was specifically detailed as fol
lows: Sugar, including syrup and molasses,
where sugar rates apply thereon Twen
ty five (25) percent, except 1. Where
the official classiflcatioa applies, fifth
clnss rates as increased will apply.
(2) From points east of the In
diana Illinois Htate line to points west
of the Mississippi River, rates will
continue to be made on combination of
local rates or of proportional rates if
published, to and from the Missouri
Kiver; except that from points on the
Atlantic seaboard to the Missouri Biver,
Kansas City, Mo., to Hloux City, Ia.,
inclusive, established differentials over
the increased rates from New Orleans,
I.a., shall be maintained.
(.1) From points in the States south
,,f ii.u fti.;n nA ti. -wi
v t j ,.- am, wi Ol IIIC Al leV-
10 ctr. i.ouia, mo..
twenty-seven and
one-half (27) cents per 100 pounds;
to other points west of the Illinois-Indiana
Htate Jus" and west of the Miss-
Issippi River, except points in Arkan-
sns, Louisiana and Texas, twenty-two
(22) cents per 100 pounds; to points on
and north of the Ohio Kiver and east
of the Indiana Illinois State line rates
shall be increased to maintain the form-
' or established relation to the rates of
such points from producing points on
I Atlantic seabourd.
Rates from Western Points
' (4) From producing points In Color
ado, Wyoming, Montana, Kansas and
Nebraska to Missouri River territory
and points in Arkansas, Oklahoma,
I.ouisiann and Texas anil points east
.thereof twenty two (22) cents er 100
. pounds.
(5 1 From points in Idaho and Utah
' to points named in paragraph (.1) rates
I shall be fifteen (15) cents above the
rates from eastern Colorado.
(Ii) From points in California to
points taking Missouri River rates and
points related thereto under the Com
mission's Fourth Section Orders, and
to points east to the Missouri River
twenty two (22) cents per 100 pounds.
"(b) Interstate commodity rates
not included in the foregoing list
shall be incrensed twenty five percent.
"(c) Intrastn'e commodity rates
shull be increased :-s shown in para
graph (n) and lb) of this section where
there are no in'ivst.ite commodity rates
published on substantially the same
commodities between the same points,
and shall be subject to the minimum
weights applicable on interstate traftie
in the same territory.
"(d) lutrustate commodity rate
I shall be canceled where interstate corn
the sanm points, and the inferstati
rates are increased by paragraphs (a)
and (In of this section shall apply.
" (,) In applying the increases pre
scribe!) in thin section the increased
class rates applicable to like commodity
descri tions ami minimum weights be
tween the same points are not to be
exceeded except that the increases in
ititcs on sugar in carloads khall be ma do
as expressly provided iu paragraph,
(u) of this section. This paragraph
reads: (a) All interstate class rates
shull be increased twenty five (25) per
cent. ' '
Although locul truflic maougwrs in
the employ of the refiners hud not tinio
up to the close of the week carefully to
analyze the new rate schedule and spe-
filii-ully determine the exact amouut
of the increase for all sections nf iv
".-'moms ui nr
country from vurious production potnta,
the eenernl consensus of opinion amnnn
them was it was the obvious intention
of the railroad administration to ob
serve former established territorial
groupings and differentials and that but
little difficulty would ensue in applying
the new rates.
I. ate reports from Washington also
incidate that many changes and read-
lustmenls will have to be ms.b, Into,
the railroad administ rnlio,. l..
move any discrimination that
may arise
when the
w rates are amdied. which
will naturally npplv to augor shipments.
These changes w ill be made by the ad
ministration cither on its own initia
tive after receiving suggestions from
shippers and Stale or local authorities,
"r hv oid.r of the Interstate com-'
mission, which has the power to review
and modify the schedule,.
s : -'-
I '

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