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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, July 09, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-07-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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VESTERDAV'i WAT;:;'
t , WEATT1ER BUREAU ,
July', l-t twenty,
FOOD FOR t CAST FOR TODAY,"
Ail MesJs Meatless and On WW Uw
juur sours rainraii r. Temp
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VOL. .Lll.i NO.
HONOLULU. UaWAII TERRITORY. TUESDAY, JULY 9 1918. SEMI-WEEKLY.
WHOI.F. N I'M HER 4754
M I 11 I I I J II I III II II 1,1 4tl
um wxj Q)Qu m nvuMii u & . -
Prussians RepoiteQ lAbqut To
Abrogateytreaiy Because of
Assassination oi'Mirbach
NO ANNOUNCEMENT MADE
OF UNITED STATES' POLICY
Teuton Press Preparing- People
for Resumption !bf;Hosifes
Says Forestall Entente
WASHINGTON, July 9-(Associated Press) Officials here
continue silent regarding the new Russian policy, believed to
have been arrived at at the cabinet meeting on Saturday.
There is no indication at either the White House or the state
department that any early statement regarding American
action in the Far East will, be forthcoming.
Yesterday the British ambassador, Lord Reading, called
at the White House for a consultation with the President.
9)
T J5RMANY PREPARES TO
VlvREPUDIATE TREATY
N l?V YORK, Jur Aso
v;'.jt.,'l PreBaJ-erwa-.yvU tbout
t repudiate the Uvni -ol-- tKc
n-. -t-Litov.sk-' treat. Vh? forced
Ut ct r ling to'"alI, the reports ob
tairf'.le, and is Roing to make the
s;t jiination of trie German atti
1 av lor at Moscow on Saturday
a pretext for a further invasion
and the occupation of Moscow.
'I'he (jerman press, according
to despatches from neutral capi
tals, is preparing the German
public for a radical move against
Russia, to punish the Holsheviki
government and the Russian peo
ple for the assassination of Gen
eral Count von Mirbach. The
neutral press believes tjhat the
inarch upon the Holsheviki capi
tal will be resumed. The latest
despatches from Moscow dealih
with the progress of the German
forces say that these were then
three hundred miles west of the
Russian capital.
FORESTALL ENTENTE
An Amsterdam despatch quotes
the Frankfurter Zeitung as say
ing in its issue of yesterday that
changes in the German attitude
toward Russia are imminent. . If
the Entente's enterprise should
lead to the collapse of the present
Russian regime, says the Frank
fort paper, not much will remain
of the peace treaties we have won.
The Central Powers cannot per
mit the Entente to secure fresh
resources in the East and must
act to prevent it.
London reports that the Kai
ser, when informed of the assas-;
sination of von Mirbach, ordered
his foreign minister, von Kuehl
inanii, immediately to break off
the negotiations in progress be
tween the German foreign office
and a delegation now in Merlin
representing the government of
soviet.
London further reports that
fiagmcntary news from vari
ous sources indicates that the as
sassination of the German envoy
in Moscow was accompanied by
a formidable upriv-.ig of the anti
('erman elemev.ts in that capital,
who turned upon the Holsheviki
(Ooatlnusd on Pag Column 3)
t.r.
h.'
Senfiment Changes and Feeling
Is If Not the Allies Then i
Let Germany Come I
WASHINGTON. .Tuly "(Assn.-i.it '
eil IVKii) l.urpp armh'K, coninoKi'il of
Urrmnn and Finnish troopH nrc rooorl
pd to lie moving aj.'ninst tlit' Miirnuinnk .
Coast ami' the Kola IViiiimula where i
the Allies hu-e landed forces ami when' '
the entire Kiissi.'in poiulation ' line
turned from lie 'RolsheviNtH and, gone
over to the Allien. Confirmation of
thin flows tins been received at London,
HKreeinK with the Copenhagen des
iatclii' of Hunday. Advices from Vol
o'ila indicate that there is a very
large part of the Russian population
which would gladly welcome interen
tion. '
The Associated Press correspondent
i at Vologda writes:
If the Kntente nllics will not inter
venc, let the Oermuus come, is the nt
tftude of the formerly wealthy and
middle classes of the people of Kussi i.
Most of them here would frauklv wel
come foreign intervention.
"This feeling has been the greatest
obstacle in any attempt to bring
the
Kussian internal political revolution nut
of the whirlpool of disorder, according
to information in the foreign embus
aies here.
Pinch Is Felt
"Now that i lie peasants and Mork
men are having their innings, the prop
rrty classes are beginning to feel the
pinch of denial and even of starvation,
experienced by the poorer classes in
Kussia for centuries. This is illustrat
ej by the experience of the 'bour
geois'' family in whose home the As
sociated " I'ress eorrespendent lives as
' 1 paying guest a. "
"This family, once one of the
wealthiest in the Volodgu government,
owned thousands of acres of timber
land, several lumber mills, a dozen
ships, two glass factories and more
than 2000 acres ai land.
"This it what has happened to those
holdings in tho past two months:
"The Umber laud has been declared
a government monopoly jnd eonfls
rated; likewise the shipping. The glass
factories and lumber mills have been
tukeu over and are operated by the
workmen. The peasants have taken
the land.
Further Taxes
"A few days ago tlie city govern
ment (soviet) imposed a special tax
on the rapitalistie class.' The family
was skHesseu rm.uw rutnea.
Price PronlbJtlre
, "Prices for foodstuffs, when obtain
abb, are enormous even when fl,'ined
of the present nite of inU'rnittiniial
exchange- which these Russians don't
Cet, because their money is old money,
Invested or nitide when the exchange
was two rubles to the dollar. Com
pared with old standards of prices in
Russia, veie living v as cheap, tlie
prices now are almost unbelievable.
"White flour can not be bought, ex
cept by stealth and in the tiniest qunl
Ities. The black flour which all use
uow makes the blackest of bread. The
Aih rpriM ai i irQ i
nil I llUlll fiLLlLU
'iirinr nr hiinniiun
t LJ I I I II. . 1J I V I I II m V
L h i i) H i
uulMI HUN IUKI
1 UAILYhOUNIJ 10.ii
Bf GERMANY OWNED
(Money For Purchase In 1915
I Came Direct From German Gov
ernment. .Through Bernstorf
TREASURER? MANAGER IS
PLACED UNDER ARREST
bondholders Will Take Manage-
j mcnt of Mail and Express As
! Real American Paper
! KV YORK. .Iul.
I'iv;--l'urr)in-i liv
of ime of SfA York
I'Mtulllihtlfil llt'WMIiniH'r
!' i AmsociiiIC'I
'niiiin intrn"tH
i; i ii t iiml olil
fi'T tllo JiHr0.(
of I'oinltit till',- jinii:iri
irojui jit 1 1 1 1 :i .
present German ownership uf the st k
and n fiilhitii ntion- of rci imi to com cul
tilt true .-late of affair h;ie been dis
covered through the investigation of the
custodian of enemy property. The vice
president and treasurer of the publish
ing company hns been arrested for per
jury and the bondholder of the com
pnny will take over the paper nt once.
The newspaper was the Mail mid Kx
press.
Ir. Kdwnrd A. Homely, vice presi
dent nnd treasurer of the Mail and K
press publishing coniMiiiy is under nr
rest. He is charged with perinrv in
having furnished false nflidavits us to
tiie ownership uf the, stork of I lie emu
pnny to the custodian f enemy prop
erty. t,
(CMtwat Oyri -
It t PMrfHTThat Hirtnety failed to
I disclose "hi connection witli xon Bern
storf mid Hoinrich Albert, a German
I commercial attache.
Attorney Gncrnl Knd sniil last
night that Kuini ly bought the Mail and
I Kx press in HI 115 on behalf of the Ger
man ovcrnnient and that the German
I government paid Kumely tl 1 ,00(1 in
1 connection with the purchase. These
, payments he concealed until they were
discovered by the department of justice.
Bondholder Act
ToMnv the bondholders will take pos
Hcssion ami
introl of the paper. Hen
ry Stoddard, president of the compn'iy.
sin i .1 in this connection: "Tho true
A in I-ri a ii i h in for which we stand will
be reflected in the utterances of in r
paper." He said that Kumely toll
him that Americans of German parent
n'e had furnished the money with
which he purchased control of iN
stock.
The Mail and Kxpress is one of 'he
oldest of the New York evening; pap.'rs.
It was long owned and edited by Kilioi
V. Shepherd who bought it with Van
dci bill money and it was the stalwrri
Kepublii tin newspaper of the. New York
evening dailies.
lioin-cst peasants formerly ate sonic
thine; similar. The cost of this Hour
formerly whs the eipiivab'iit of about
twentv live rents per pood .'Hi poulldsV
Small Rations
"At present in Vologda, each per
son is allowed five pounds of this
Hour a mouth: enough to permit about
thitv thin sliees of bread per day.
Hut more is procurable through irregu
lar channels. The correspondent 's host
botilit n pood yesterday for one hun
died and fifty rubles; just three hun
dred times the old price.
"There is nothing else quite as bad
as this, but, with meat, butter and all
other foodstuffs the prices me from
ten to fifty times the old amount.
K eryt hing is by card; that is. pur
chase arc limited and city (soviett
controlled, but it is quite possible, if
one has enough money, to secure larger
quantities by stealth.
"Hut the soviet has quite an effec
tive way of controlling this under
hand trading the " obusk ". "Obusk"
is Ifiis.sian for search. A doxeo or so
armed soldiers and Ked guard swoop
down now and then on the house the
correspondent occupies and confiscate
the surplus supplies.
"When to these dilliculties are add
ed contisi-at iug of bank accounts of
wealthy families their plight can be
imagi ned.
In Ukraine
Information has reached the Allien
an enihussv Here r liar ine peasants in
the I'kraiiie district, whence Germany
expected to obtain the largest part of
her ni'Vv grain supply, a re sow i ng only
enough grain for their own needs.
r 'caring that their land will be con
lisciilc l or divided or their grain taken
away from them, they are putting in
verv little seed. In fact, in many eases
I he s I itself has been confiscated,
eithei by Germans, various factional)
nruiicp of roving bauds of soldiers.
Iu some of the villages which the
Germans occupied, they seized all
all
(HI
grain except iug four poods
.
Column 3)
(Continued on Pag
Fl UUnuiNU Austrians on Lower f iave. the Italian army under
1 bloody defeat en the Austrian! on the Lower Piave River. Photograph was recently taken
of brre of the Italian big field guna used in that sector. The cannon is being sighted and is about to
toss one of .Italy's shrapnel missiles on the enemy. The rope used to haul this heavy piece about it
shown wound around the forepost of the gun while firing.
mi.i.iu Jim L u i l! E
f.
PROPER HEAT FOR
ROOMS AT LAST
OFFIflALLY FIXED
Fuel Administration Says Suffi
cient Coal Will. Beffurnished
Householders To Keep Merctiry
Standing At Sixty-eight
WASHINGTON. July S (OtHeiulV
sirty eight degrees Farenheit has been
otlicially lixed ns a comfortable temper
nture for rooms in residences in winter
weather. The figures are named
bv i
the loci administration in connection
with its plans for the rationing of
the nation's coal supplies so as to
livoid the possibility of roal famines
in various sections of the I'nited Htates
di g the coining winter.
I'laus for the rationing of coal were
announced today I v the fuel adminis
1 1 at ion the system being designed to
piovide for householders next winter,
to pi event ii threatened shortage and
to insure continued operation t cap
acitv of the great war industries. A
recuircnce of the In at less days Of last
winter will be avoided if foresight
and forethought can do so.
I nder these regulations the domestic
eiiiisiiuier is to lie allowed sufficient
coal to heat his house to a temper
aline of sixtjeight degrees Farenheit.
w. . a
T
SIMS OF M
Exhibit In San Francisco Holds
Absorbing Interest
SAN KHANTISCO, .Inly S (Official)
Attesting the deep interest that Bp
pertains to everything associated with
the war. more than I.I.IIUO persons at
ten. led the opening of t"? Allied Wur
Lxhibit, held here under the auspices
of the government uml representatives
of the Allied nations. In )he great ;
crowd were largely numbers of foreign
born citizens and residents.
More than 200 war troiibios, taken
bv Americans, British, rreueh, Bel
giaus and Italians are shown in this i i
exhibit including large uumbers of I i
under sen aud aerial warfare weapons j i
and articles taken from the trenches. ' i
The weapons are defensive as well as j '
oll'ensie and were all captured from,
t he Teutous. i
NEW HONORS COME TO ,
GENERAL M'INTYRE ; I
WASHINGTON. July 8 (Assoeint '!
ed Press) --New honors have come to! ;
Brig. Gen. Frank Mclnlyre at present
chief of the biiicau of insular affairs I
of the war depai t mcnt. He is to be i
come principal assistant to (ten. rev
ton C. March, chief of staff.
Cen. William S. Graves, whom h
succeeds will go to Camp Fremont.
w. s. s.
BELGIANS' TRUMP ACE
BELGIAN ARMY HEADQl'AR
TI.KH, Julv ft. .( Associated Press)
Iun Olieslagu s, Belgium's "ace" in
tho air, today shot dowu bis sixth Ger-
lnll1 ajr,Bn He ia the leading Bel
' ijian aviator in poiut of effectiveness.
. r
' ' , -,'W",f I
Sammies Again Render Aid
To AnzacsW inning Victory
WASHINGTON , July s ( Associat
ed I'ressi American forces, brigaded
with the Australians yesterday assist
ed in a farther successful advance to
I 1,U .,.,. k Xt U.,.l in U .. l
' " , wvnn .M " I' m filt 'I
this fighting the dav was generally
quiot for the American forces, North
of Hamel the com In tied forces pro
gressed a considerable distance along
i a front of .'100(1 yards.
I Pershing Reports
General Pershing cables: "In the
Vosges we made a successful raid Suit-
uay uignr, Kilting ami wounding a num
ber uf the enemy and taking several
prisoncda. Yesterdny passed quietly
in other plnccs. '
American aviators at Thierry have
shot down two more German airplanes.
It is noticeable that most of the en
einy shells falling in the American area :
tire of small and medium calibers.
Alan Ash of Chicago, a member of
the Lafayette squadron, was killed to
day while battling with several Ger
man planes over Soissons. 1
Sammlea Intrepid
An Associated Press correspondent
with the British nriiiy in France has
cabled details of the capture of Haincl
by the A nst rn lians and the Americans
brigaded with them.
American olHeers said: "When the
barrage came we never dreamed there
could be such gunfire. It was trc
inendous. Tho gunners certainly did
w oiidei ful w (irk.
" The tanks opened the way through
the Inn bed wire ami our infantry ad
raLC MAY HAVE
TO Ml FOR PAV
Action Taken By Board of Super-
viauifj 1 1 ii o mummy nepui 1
ed To Tie Up. Salaries
Shortly before half past one
o'clock this morning the board of
siipervii.orn passed the budget or
financial measure on second rend
ing and niljourued.
Id fore its passage the yrovisiuus
M inting to appropriations for the
Hili. e force was eliininatsd. Then
another bill was introduced pro
vt line; for these expenditures and
this has failed to pass, the deud
lull lemulniiig three to three. It
is expected to pass this separate
piovision, either in preseut form,
or amended, lit a later date,
It was said after the meeting
a. I "iirned that the policemen will
I . i ' I ui I I v go unpaid on July l"i ns
it would be impossible to pass the
i par ite measure nnd advertise it
in tune to make the mopey for
their pay available.
v
TEMPERED aTuMINUM TO
HELP PLANE BUILDING
SA DIEGO, .Inly 8 (OnVial
Methods of tempering aluminum so
to give the metal the strength of stc
villi less than half of the weight ha
been discovered. This Is considered of
the utmost importance to the mnu.i
laetuic of airplaue eugiues and parts
where lightness ia a keen essential
-ts
ueneral Diaz is inflicting a
ifciH iiitiiuii'i'iihI ji in; m W-1TMS
vaneed. Wlien we reached Ha I wo
found a lot of dugouts filled with
Bodies, a.id cleaned theiu out'. '
"One of our aergeauts with one
American iirivate and one AaiatraJiau
I Al
; . . , - .... '
were au mi leu or ea lit urea. v. lBea
teen officers and many men were tak
en' in another dugout one of our ser
geants and three privates captured six
teen Germans. Just in frout of Vaire
wood one of our boys called "Kcotty"
found a dugout filled with Bodies
which had been left behind iu the
American advance. He thought that
our men were there and went down.
It was dark and when he called out
for his pals he was cracked on the
head. He then knew the men inside
were not Yankees aud opened Are with
his rifle in the darkness. The Roche
cried 'Knmerad!' and when the fight
was over it was found he had killed
five Germnns and captured nine.
Aviator Interned
Lieutenant Ashengen of the Anicri
can Aviation Corps has been interned
in Switzerland, having lauded on Swiss
soil when his gasoline gave out.
Seventy two names, not heretofore
published, were announced by the war
department last uight, prisoners in Ger
man prison or internment camps.
These are nearly all New Knglnndcr
and they were, presumably, captured
early in the year.
The war department also issued its
casualty list which included six killed
in ai tion, 12 dead of wounds, two dead
fiom other causes and twenty nine
everelv wounded.
Senate Committee On Agriculture
Approves Important
Dry'
Legislation
1 W SH I NGTON. July ft -(.We. I
Piessi Further steps toward nation
I wide prohibition during the war weie
taken iu the senate committee on agri
culture today when the committee
agreed to the amendments in legis
Intive uiensuics in its hands which
1 will, if passed by both houses, pio
hibit the sale of distilled liquors and
beer ufter December next' and will
prohibit the nianufanure of wine and
i 1 r after ( h tober.
I This measure is designed as a con
, -oivntion uf food stuffs. While the
u-e of grain iu distilled liquors hn
1 been prohibited the maiiiifnct in e of
I I r has been permitted, tuouiji too l
jiliiiiistiMtion regulations have
dticed the amounts of grain llie an
I permitted to use.' It is held that giaes
I -ail be utilized in jellies, jams, pic
'-cues and as laisius to bettei alan
tnj- than bv fermentation int-- wines.
, w. a. 8.
j SWISS ARE SNEEZING
BERNE. .Inly H - (Associate ! Pie,.
I, n epid. inn- of In grippe imibi ..
'h one that cause I widespn i I .
ess mi spam, has found a Inoiine in
w it ci land and is spreading i-'-' s
i -ain tin-re are few fatal ia-'- tc
..Med
WAR PROHIBITION
LOOMS UP BIGGER
FOUR MIGHTY
OFFENSIVES
ARE APPARENT
TO OBSERVERS
Germans On West. Prussians and
Austrians In Trentino, Allies In
Albania and Italians along
Piave River Sector
MOST INTENSE STRUGGLE
OF WAR APPEARS NEAR
French and Australians Win Suc
cesses On Western Front and
Italians Continue To Press
Austrians Further Back
N
(iKK, July 9 (Akso
iiateil Press) Impending,
offensives mi three fronts, in addi
tion to the continuation of the
Italian offensive on the Piave and
in the mountain sector of the
Italian front are indicated by he
despatches of yesterday and last
night and the coming weeks are
likely to see the most general and
intensive hostilities of tlie war.
These expected assaults are by
the Germans on sonic undeter
mined point or points of the
Western Trout, by combined Ger
man and Austrian forces in the
Trentimo sector of the Italian
front and by the Allies on the
Central Powers in Albania and
Macedonia. Meantime . the- Jtal-' ,;
I .UHI.VU' 'ili J V 1 1 V 1 114 V oiv, JMI , .
their advantages over the- Aus
trians and on the Western Front
the Allies arc strengthening their
positions.
WESTERN FRONT
Military observers are agreed
that on the Western Front Ger
many is alout prepared to deliver
a blow at an undisclosed objec
tive or objectives. Even allow
ing for the reinforcements that
are to be sent to the Austrians
it is conceded that between thirty
and forty German divisions are
available for new assaults.
TRENTINO SECTOR
On the Italian front the Tren
tino sector is picked as the ob
jective of assaults by combined
German and Austrian forces. On
this sector the Italians still occu
py some Austrian territory and
here they have held while the rest
of the Italian army retreated last
year. The country is highly
mountainous and the Italian posi
tions are considered almost im
pregnable. According to a Havas
despatch von Ludendorf has vis
ited the Austrian headquarters
and has hastened preparations.
Troops are said to have been con
centrated back of that front at
1 rent and lunisbruck. Germany
is expected to lead the assault.
ALBANIAN THEATER
( n the Albanian frortt there
lias been heavy fighting with th
results so favoring the Allies that
they may result in a serious AI-lii-il
offensive which might force
a relocation of the Austrian line
over tlie mountains and in Mace-1-
it ia. The Italian navy could
then cooperate with the land
i.ines. For the pact three days
there has heen heavy fighting
north of lona. Fighting in Al
li.mia between the coast and To
nii.ru -a Valley the French and
.Italian forces conducted opera
tions in the course of which they
nik more than 1000 prisoners.
Artillery activity on the Dirian
unl Struma front was reported
trom Paris in last night's de-
( Continued on Fags Column 4.)
0

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