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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, July 12, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-07-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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9
YESTERDAY'! WfATKfR
tT. S. IHCATHEft BttlBAO
Jalyll, 1B1A Last twenty
four hoars',, rainfall .00.
Temperature Mln. 70 Ma.
.00. Weather, Pt. Closdy. '
FOOD F01UCAST FOR TODAY
On HmUwi and On Wheatlees Meal
VOL. Lit. NO. 56
Honolulu; Hawaii territory Friday, jui.y 12, 1918. semi weekly.
WHOLE NUMBER 4755
'.A. . vj. - . ' - "
mm
....... i
AUSTRIANS FALL BACK
FOR TWENTY-FIVE. MILES
J
Italians and
On Seventy
Mile
Front Driving Foe
Bulgarians In Macedo
nia Are Awakened
To Danger Of Being
Flanked and Battle
flames Brightly
EW YORK, July 12 (As
sociated Press) Along a
EW YORK, July 12 ( As-
sociated Press) Along a
front seventy miles in length the
Italians and French are hurling
back the Austrian foe, the enemy
forces being in rapid and disor
derly retreat. The rapid advance
of the Allies is more than ever
seriously threatening the Bulga
rian flank in Mesopotamia where
, . , i 1
those forces face the Greeks and
Serbians.
Official despatches from the
Eastern front received in Paris
last night said: "Our troopa are
continuing their successful ad
vance in Albania.. Ve have oc
cupied the Kosnrtxa crest along
lages of the Tmor'ca Valley to
Dobreny.
OFFICIAL REPORT
"On our left the Italians have
captured the heights of Cafalu
maka where 250 prisoners were
taken.
"Austrian losses are severe and
they have burned their depots
and are in full retirement."
The fighting in these sectors
extends along a line of twenty
miles for the French forces and
nearly fifty miles for the Italians.
The French advance extends all
the way to the Italian flank from
Lake Prcsha which protects its
right flank.
ITALIANS RUSH ON
On the left, which is skirted by
the Adriatic Sea the Italian ad
vance toward Berat continued un
checked toward Herat as the
forces moved forward from the
Yoyusa River. They carried by
assault all of the enemy positions I
from the Voyusa to the Semini
River, a distance of fifteen miles
and to the Osam River on their
right.
LEAVE BERAT
I'efore this advance the Aus
trians have evacuated Berat and
have fallen back to the Skumbi
River, twenty-five miles north of
Herat where they are seeking to
t'Stamisn a new line oi ueicnse.
This retirement Rives the Italians
" ,
and their French Allies a practic -
. !! -1 I.
ally straight front extending from
the Adriatic to Lake Ochrida.
Bolgars Awaken I
Threatened by the possibility of a '
flanking movement from Albania the
Bulgarians awoke to activity on the
Macedonian front and attacked the Al- j
IICO liilirn ,v iiitj iiiiivii ... ph.iibhui,
Kast of Lake Prespa, but were re
pulsed.
Austrian Losses
Despatches from army headquarters in
llulv said that evidence procured from;
- .. . v . .i
Austrian prisoners indicates that the ,
Austro Hungarian losses in recent offeu-
Mve operations totaled 250,000.
Adding to the internal difficulties of
" , 1
,l. Dual Monarchy, the prisoners say j
that poor potato and wheat crops have
been the experience over Austria.
Make Long Advance WINS RESULTS
Before Them
French FRENCH PRESSURE
AGAINST TEUTONS
Line Reaches High Ground and
May Have Thwarted German
Plans Foe - Straight Drive
Against Paris From This Point
NEW YORK, July 12 ( Associated
Press) French preasnre against tha
German lines extending from tha
Mnrne to the Aliine, begun two week
go and continued almost incessantly
since in a aerie of local attack, some
of .apparent tittle importance in them
selves, have begun to yield appreci
able resulta as viewed on the maps.
As the result of these continued at
tacks the French line from Amhleny
to the hills to the south of Corey has
born advanced to tha high ground,
ail or Anticipated
There has been some reason to be
lieve that the next German move would
be an attack between the Aisne and
.traight dash at Paris. The purpose of
the French strategy has been to cir
cumvent this purpose and the French
portions are, for defensive purposes
vastly improved hy the operations of
the past Jwo'weeks. In this sector the
French yesterday raptured Corey and
held and consolidated their gain.
On the whole front the only infan
try activity of importance was by the
French who, in addition to the capture.
of Corey, advanced about L,ongpont.
In Flanders there was to be noted
n Increase in the artillery and the air
I i. . . Tk. u . ii
ciii.J VI lilt c lie in j . iuciv lur ui l fc-
j(jh flyers downed ten Oermsn planes snd
an eleventh waa downed by anti air
craft gunfire.
Southwest of Soissonft and north and
south of the Homme, the enemy artil
lery was most active.
Around Chateau Thierry the Ameri
can flyers were active and two German
flyers wre. downed by the American
Claim Aviators Taktt ,
--AAv)ortlnV6vrf lroni-flrlin that hat
reached London laima that flva Amer
ican planes out of a squadron of six
were raptured by German aviators.
Thin squmlron ia paid to have started
upon a raid upon Cohlenz and to have
been intercepted. No report of any
such Iokhch has been received from
American or Allied sources.
On the Mame yesterday morning a
large German patrol attempted to raid
the American trenches but was routed
and fled in confusion leaving a num
ber of dead in front of the American
positions to attest the deadly accuracy
of the American fire.
Casualty reports received from the
war department yesterday showed:
Army- Killed in action, five; died of
wounds, ten; of disease, two; of other
cause, one; severely wounded, twenty
six; slightly, one; missing, twenty
three.
Murines Killed in action, thirteen;
died of wounds, four; severely in
jured, eighteen.
Buccosa In Air
During the month of' June aerial
squadrons downed l."o Cernian ma
chines, seriounly ilumugcd IH1 and set
fire to thirty one tinlloous.
During the hhiiic period French bomb
lug niacin lien dropped Hill I tons of
bombs upon enemy positions and de
pots. w. a. a.
T
Body of Former Mayor Lies In
State In City Hall
NKW YOKK, Jilly 1 1 ( Associated
l'resM)Tliousands paid a last sad
tribute to Major Mitchell, New York's
former mayor who in civic life had
made a record for courage and integrity
and will long be a bright page in the
history of New York City and Htate.
Mainr Mitchell's bodv lav in state
. .
i in the city bail tnis morning and tor
1 I"""'1; h'h''l;! "
lent, by the casket thnt containtl the
1 bodv of the former citv head. later
the body was removed to St. Patrick's
Cathedral on Fifth Avenue where the
services were held, the vast edifice be
inn crowded from altar to door.
Interment was in YVoodlawn ee mu
ter v.
w. s.s.
TO HAVE BEEN SLAIN
1..,,va., . . ,, . . .
LONDON, duly 11 (Associated
,r,,B).An Kxchange Telegraph Agen
,.y (enpatch from Copenhagen says that
the Swedish papers are publishing a
"ry brought by a Swede who has
lust returned from Moscow that Alums
Kollianofrt H0I1 of the ex C.ar and form
er nojr 0f tn(( throne, was killed by
a Bolshevik soldier with a bomb.
MITCHELL OBSEQUIES
AMERICAN MARINES IN FRANCEOtfJUhe) 6 American Marines made a gallant attack on the Germans in Veuilly Woods near
Chateau Thierry. Since then they have fifured in the war news nearly every day. Though their participation has been neces
sarily limited, by the limit of their numbers, to torhparatively small sector of the front they have been an important factor and their
gallant aervice is attested by the comparatively large casualty lists that are published daily, telling of the losses they sustain while
Other reports tell of the terrain
i
II.
CORPORATION TO
CONTROL
PRICE OFSUGAR
Wilson Directs Course Similar To
That Pursued To Fix Wheat
Prices When! Congress Failed
ToAgrea -
" WAtHTNGTOlT, July 1 (Asao.
cjato-rra ) Xo aqaalla awt -ataitt-tlr-flc
of Mgar to tha -concumer
In to fac cf the pros
pect of incraaM la price of tba
producer, and dua to the threaten
ed shortage of sugar, as well as to
secure a better distribution. Presi
dent Wilson has pursu4 the aame
course with this commodity that he
did with wheat and has created a
special "sugar equellbatlon hoard"
and recommended the Incorpora
tion cf a sugar stabilising corpora
tion In New Jersey.
'Food Administrator Hoover is to
carry out these plans. The cor
poration will be capitalised at $6,
000,000 and the funds for the pnr
chase of its fctock by the govern
ment will be taken from the Presi
dent's special war fund.
This corporation will hare au
thority to acquire, even at a loss
to the government, the production
of the beet sugar factories that
cannot under the present price paid
for beets, the increased freight
rates and other increased coats,
meet the agreed price for beet
sugar at a profit. These purchases
the corporation will sell to the
public at a reasonable price. Thus
will bo established and maintained
a price which will work a consider
able saving to the consumer.
Hoover will be chairman of the
equalization board and George
Ralph, chairman of the sugar com
mittee, will be the president of the
new corporation.
There was to hare been held a
meeting of beet sugar makers on
June 21 but this was indefinitely
postponed and at the time it waa
presumed this was done at the re
quest of the sugar committee of
the food administration. Oscar B.
Strauss was previously named as
Investigator of beet sugar costs and
prices following a report rendered
to the food administration by the
beet sugar manufacturers.
w. a. a.
PIIII.ADKI.PHIA, July 11
ciated Press) Dropping of
-( Asso
i shell
killed four and wounded twelve other
wiirl'inent in the government arsenal
nt Kriinkfurt ftnday. The workman who
made the fatul slip was blown to frag-
incuts I'V the resulting explosion and
the killed nnd wounded were those who
were working near him at the time.
No doubt tint the affair was an acci
dent is entertained. Tre resulting dam
age to the Hrsenal waa not very serious.
APPEALS 0FWEDIT0RS
ARE REJECTED BY COURT
I'AHIS, duly 1 1 (Associated Press)
The court of cessation today handed
down n decision rejecting the appeals
from the convictions of editors and
persons connected with the newspiiper
Bonnet Houue, involved in the Bolo
Pushu und ("aillaux scmidiils.
which they gain.
....
1 1!: :
Ill .
IFORWIER OFFICIALS OFi BRITAIN PLANS TO
COMPANY ARRESTED CUP GERMAN WINGS;
Bankers Are Now Found To Be 'Will Close Up All Enemy Banks
Dangerous Enemy Aliens; All Enemy Males Over Eigh
Company Taken Over j teen To Be Interned
i
NKW YORK, July It
(Associated j
Press) Julius Pitaitxer, former pres
ident of the Trans-Atlantle Trust Com
pany of this city and twe ether of
ileers of that orporatioilr'Were' arreet
d yesterday as dassgerom enemy
aliens.
The nrrest of the former president
and the other former officers of the 1
tniKl compuny disclosed the faet that i
th com on ii v linri linen tnken over bv the 1
...1 ; ., ..9 onatnir slton nrnlptu I
several weeks sro and has been reor- !
Ktuiizcd and Americanized by that of- l
ficiul.
It is stated that these -arrests are
in no way connected with such reor
ganization of the eountry. I
Others arrested, besides Pitnltser,
were Secretary Andrew Gomary, tjuide
von Steer, a former hank official and
mid to hnve been formerly an under
secretary in the Austro-Hungarian eab
inc .hn.l lidor Hzckely, the former ad
vertising niiinager of the trust com
pany. WASHINGTON, July 11 (Official)
July 14, the anniversary of the fall of
the Ilastile and the French national
holiday will be observed by the Ameri
can navy, wherever it may be stationed
as well as by the American expedition
ary forces in Prance.
Secretary of Navy Daniels has issued
orders that all ships of the navy and
all naval stations shall observe the
French holiday by dressing ship anil
by firing the national salute to the
tricolors of France.
Commanding officers sre also instruct
ed to cooperate whenever asked with all
Iocs I celebrations w hich may be held.
Messages received from France yes
terday said that orders Jiad been issued
by General Pershing to his expedition
ary forces to participate With the
French in the observance of the holi
day. w. s. s.
THOUSANDS OF FINNS
ORDERED TO BE KILLED
. . ii
July 11 (Assoc la -
A MSTKRDA M ,
ted Press) Hince
entered Finland, T.'i.iMio workmen huvtt
been nrrested and ntimv shot or hanged.
Huno Huase, the minority ftocialist
leader told the reiehU today. He
dtcluerd that among tlinse sentenced
to dentil was a former premier and
fifty Hwinlist members of parliament.
He criticized the tieiinnn rule in both
Livonia nnd Kutbonin
w. s. .
SUPPORT PLEDGED
ATLANTIC CITY, July 11 (Official)
Pledges that the order is behind the
government in all of its war aims and
of the exercise of a unity of purpose
in assisting to carry out those aims,
were contained in resolutions passed at
the grand lodge session of the Benevo
lent snit Protective Orrter of Kiss.
These resolutions were in addition to
the one which barred the use of the
Herman tongue in the club houses or
club rooms of auy of the subordinate
lodges during the period of the war.
,-.v
1 : A
is
JatMtv '.
1X)N1X)N, July 12 (Associated
Vress) Kvery niale Alien enemy over
the age of eighteen years who may be
found in Qreat Britain ia, to-be linme
dialely JaUnred. - This -wee- wnnaunesd
by Hir George Cave, the British, home
secretary yesterday in connection with
other drastic plans which the govern
ment in soon to put in force.
Another announcement by the home
secretary w an thnt the government will
"Pl''
to the courts in order, through
'"K"1 process, to close all enemy ban
It is also the purpose of the govern
ment to mnke it impossible for some
years after the war is over for the
enemy to open any bank or banking
house in the British Kmpire.
ILSOPSESB;
WASHINGTON, duly 12 Associet
e.l Press I President Wilson yesterday
vetoed the congressional resolution ex
t ling the time in which the railroad
administration might relinquish rail
ways the lines of which were not want
ed for the federal system.
While the senate was considering
this resolution and but u few hours be
fore its passage the railroad adminis
tration turned back a large number of
such lines ami the action greatly in
censed the senators. It is said be
tween three and four hundred lines ob
ject to the return of the short roads
by the government
was.
WASHINGTON, duly 11 (Official)
- Approval of the twelve billion dol
lar Armv Appropriation Hill has been
jiivi'ii lv tin' President and tho meas
lire which it designed to provide for
ii ml meet the needs of an armv of
' t ii nllion men hus become a law
1 under In -.1! nil til re.
I This iio'M-iiirc is the greatest urinv
i . ,'
I hmv tuition mill its provisions carrv ii,i
I propria! ions which would, in ordinary
i times, run the government for ten
I or more.
I W 8 S.
GREATEST FLEET OF
SAN r'liANCIHCO, July 12- (Asso
ciated Pre--,) -Hpesking here lust night
Clinrli- M
Hi hwab told of the remark-
side progress the I'nited Htiites is mak
ing in the building of destroyers. He
sail thai since the beginning of its
par! icipai ion in the war this country
hud Inn!!, or was now building and had
well under way, as iiiiiny destroyers as
were in nil ofithe navies of the world
wt the beginning of tho war.
-
Jf J"- ir.
. '-r-
BUSCH FAMILY IS
BUYER OF
GERMAN SECURITY
Evidence Shows They Purchased
Million Dollars of Bonds and
Proceeds Are Thought To Have
Helped Hun Propaganda
" HEW TOEK, July12 (Aasocia-
V tel Press) Membec of' tna ; .
wetuuiy dim luui, oi bc vuis
brewery notoriety purchased a mil
lion dollars of Oeraxan bonds short
ly before the time when the Mall
and Express was sold to German
stockholders represented by Dr.
Homely, now under arrest on
charges of perjury in connection
with his reports on ownership of
the stock of the company to the
custodian of enemy property.
The government believes the
proceeds of the sale of German
bonds to the Bosch family and to
others furnished the funds for the
conducting of an extensive German
propaganda which Included the
purchase of the Mail and Express
and other newspapers. This state
ment was given out by Deputy At
torney General Becker last eve
ning. August Bosch was seen in St.
Louis by an Associated Press rep
resentative last night and admitted
that he had purchased a half mil
lion dollars of German Bonds about
the time of the purchase by Ger
mans of the New York evening
newspaper. He said the purchase
was ' made through a St. Louis
Trust Company
Wnlle admitting the purchase
of these bonds Busch said: "I
would not have invested one cent
in such bonds if I had known or
even suspected that the proceeds
would be used for the purpose of
spreading a German propaganda
which might be detrimental to the
Interests of the United States.
w. s. s.
LESS TO BE FEARED
l.oNDON, July 11 (Associated
Press i -The Cologne Volkeszeitung, ac
cording to news received here, saj t
I lint tlic Htiliiiiurinii warfare is being
(Ui-'d in (icrmany now doubtless be
i-Hii-ic i cunt riluited to bringing into
action t Ik- redoubtable American inter
vention. The Ologne V ol Keszeit u ng accoid
ing In new- receied here, mo s thai
ttie -iliitnirine waifare is being cursed
in ln-rtnaiiv now doubtless because tt
i urn i ili ited to hriiigii'g into action the
t ei o ii 1 1 1 ii 1 1 1 c Aim-in an intervention.
w. s. B.
FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD
REPORTS ON BUSINESS
's!IN(iT(IN. July 11 -(Orli.-inll
The federal ie-cte board in it
monthly summarv -nvs business con
1,1,1 '"" ''"""ghoul the Lniien Males
coui imc nit i-tactiiry wun general i on
lidence .ii the future denoted by liber
a I i J ;i tu e buying.
The i.il uM incut of business to m.-ct
all ;;' vermin nt requirements and the
une I'ci led easier meeting of tax pay
I ri i - is ti ii' ersti I ! v commented on
Th. u oni y iii'c is generally linn
CZECHO-SLOVAK
FORCE IN WEST
SIBERIA GAINS
VIRTUAIC0IITR01
Peking Reports Tell of Gains In
West While Moscow Reports
Claim Bolsheviki Successes In
Volga Country
ARE READY ToTIgHT
GERMANY TO THE END
Movements Will Be Guided From
United States and Allied Co
operation Is Desired Is Wash
ington Report
N
EW YORK, July 12 (As
sociated Press) Czecho
slovak forces now virtually con
trol the whole of Western Sibe
ria, it is reported from Peking.
The reports coining from that ec
tioti of Siberia all tell of success
of the Czecho Slovak forces. On
the other hand an official state
ment from Moscow, reaching
London, claimed that the Bolshe
viki forces had routed the Czecho
slovak forces in the Volga region 1
alid that in Siberia reports reacrr
ing, Moscow said they wcre'in re
treat. F ..'
A delayed report, dated July 7 1
said that word had reached Vo
logda that Ante-Bolshevist force '';
had occupied Varroslav, 173 miles V v
northeast of Moscoy, (,jaeverfn ; . :
com mrnikatrotie'tvJ A Iobco vv""T'' :
and Vologda and that B61sheVrXiTy
troops had been sent against ; ;,
them.
CZECHO-StOVAKS HATE
THE CENTRAL POWERS
Who and what the Caecho-81ovak
forces in Siberia are waa told in a re
cent article in the Boston Transcript
which said: N
"It consists of Bohemians and Mora
vians of Austria, Slavs, haters of the
rule of the Hapsburgs and the Hohen
zollerns, most of whom were Austriaa
prisoners of war in Bostla and muti
neers and refugees from th Austrian
Army in flalicia, and who, since the
revolution in Russia, have been gravita
ting together and endeavoring to cross
the country and reach the Pacifle Coast
and embark for this Sountry in order
to join the armies of the Entente and
fight against Austria and Germany.
Partially thwarted In this attempt by
Bolsheviki mischief and German in
trigue, these Caecho-Hlovaks, under
commanders of their own, are taking
matters into fheir own hands. In a
country given up to anarchy, thy are
proving a nuclpus for a new order. It
seems to be quite easy. Undoubtedly
they hnve received recruits not only
from Austria, but from the Bussians
themselves. In their operations of late
their forces seem to have resembled
a ball of snow which becomes larger
nnd Inrirer the farther it is rolled. Home
thousands of them are already at Vla
divostok, while others have been at
Hnku, in the Caspian, thousands of
miles away.
History, as a matter of fact and
particularly the historv of Asia and
eastern Europe is full of instanres
of the conversion of such military
nuclei into empires The Turks were
nothing but such s band of wanderers;
the Mongols or "Moguls" of India such
another: and the Bussians themselves
converted a band of refugees into ma
terial of an Empire which endured for
hundreds of veara. It will not be sur-to-izing
if much comes of his Csechtt
Slovak demonstrstion.
W.S.S.
SAFE IN TEHARAN
WvslllNUTOtf, July II (Official)
niioiinccnient ( the safety of Oor
,l ,o Paddock, 1'iiiled States consul at
Tabu, is inailc b the state depart
ment which has been advised by him
ot Ins safe arrival at Telia ran.
Tin consul had nut been heard from
-ih.c a ton e of Turks entered Tabria,
l he second city of Persia, sacked tha
AiiK-iicaii consulate and also sacked
the American hospital there. After
ward the I'nited States made a demand
upon the Turkish government for a
f:it i-f to t ury explanation of the conduct
of its troop in violating the American
ii ti-iilate and ill destroying American
property To this demand no an-
'ii'r bv the Turkish government has
b.eu published,
- f.i'.-f.
-V

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