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HAWAIIAN UAZETTE TUESDAY, JULY 16, 1918. -SEM1WEEKLY.
H0DER1CK 0. MATCESCN. CDITOX
JULY 16, 1918.
TH ADVERTISER'S S03-WEEILY
The Week In the War
1; In point of terrain taken the Entente offensive
in Albania which haabeen in progress for the
past week ranks witA (ierpuui gains o( territory
in the nifcrtfji(rtaM flf&U of the offensive of
that cuun'tif-joh'flie Kyeltern 'front. For a length
of seventy miles the Italian and the French forces
have swept l:uk the Austrians to a depth of from
, twenty five to forty miles. They noW threaten
-. the Kulgarian right flank and the Allies" line has
been straightened and brought together so that it
now presents an intact and continuous front for
200 miles from the Adriatic to Salonika.
On this front there have been employe! no such
'; immense jiHinpbers M '.the . Western front, the
lines are more thinly hM. Neither does the
'.'strategic importance of the front compare in the
.' mind of the observer here with that of the front
in France. It is more remote from us and the
.' : l 1. . , i .1 . . (tw t tviMntit an-
.' pear to us as of the value of Paris and the Chan-
" In proKrtion to the number of men involved,
. far smaller than (iermany uses on various sectors
." of the Western front and than the Austrian forces
on the Italian front, the losses to the enemy have
been heavy and the booty that has been taken is
reported to have been considerable in guns, muni-
.1 A . .. J 'I
tions and stores, as tne .usinans execuiea a rapiu
retreat. Whether that retreat is ended and a new
lin of lrfpnr ha heen taken ud a short time mav
'reveal. Meantime reports say that the" Entente
. Via not onlv moved northward but lias also pushed
I"......., -a .u. , ..... u..i;, f .
near Monastir ae threatened with a flank move-
mclll wiiilii limy i.uac lauiug un.w. vt v,,s.i..j
rn Macedonia similar to that in Albania.
Coming right on the heels of the Austrian de
' feat on the Italian front this second defeat can
not but seriously weaken the Austrian morale.
V How far reachine its results will be on the East
ern front has yet to be determined.
.Why the delay of the Germans in resuming
their offensive on the Western front is a subject
of much discussion among military experts and
observers. At first it was. assumed that the time
was being devoted to reorganization and concen-
, tration of forces and the bringing up of guns,
munitions and stores, but so long a period has
elapsed since the last phase of the offensive that
other reasons are now being sought to explain
what otherwise seems unexplainable. Several
; ; weeks ago it was said the Germans could not
afford to delay long because of the growing man
, power of the Allies, but afford it or not, the Ger--.'
man delay continues. It therefore seems apparent
'..'that the delay is no longer voluntary.
- Almost immediately after the last phase of the
offensive the Allies began a series of local at-
1 l- . J II A C . I .
. lAWfia. Jailia mil siii'i i miau II1UII 9 .I.V
. they were cumulative. Reports of British suc
cesses in Flanders and of French successes in the
Rheims Soissons sector and between the Aisne
and the Marne said the thrusts might have been
made to remove the possibility of German drives
f ill. ,o iiiint. i-liif-li urpr ra t artral 1 v well
'.' . .l. r .. l t x
; 9UIICU 1UI uic iiuiiciiiv c ui i new puaax: ui until-
; sive. The tactics since employed by the Allies
has been generally called "nibbling" and with small
; bite here today and another there tomorrow, they
irk -1,-, i it i rriint: if rsa i t inn ttiafr ll n V Vt'of 1 1 1
' quite extensive and the hundreds of prisoners
taken one dav and tne tew nunureas tne uexi
, ' Whatever the reason be the Germans had
hiinrhD. nrv ii.va7 TtQrL-c nr li Satlirnav nilrllf nit
have rather assumed a defensive attitude' and were
giving less indication of intention to assault than
during the earlier days oi tne present tun.
One week ago there was the expectation of a
new Austro-f.ermans offensive in the Trentino
: sector of the Italian front but during the week
those indications have failed to develop int
reality. Germany was to send forces to insure a
success there that might offset the disaster on the
other sectors of that front. Reports say there is
a misunderstanding on dispute between the two
nations as to the number of men that Germany
is to send and the man who is to command, the
Austrians rejecting the general proposed by the
Prussian war lords.
On the other Italian fronts there has been a
" lull throughout the week. The Austrians are
, beaten back, their offensive having lost insteac
, of gained ground for them. Diaz is not using
i ... : i.: ...i . i. u
UllullC IU1SIC ill I'llMllDK llic tuvVslKv tian 3(.
j cured but the situation on that front had heen
changed so that the invaders found themselves
on the defensive, even put to it to hold their
I'.xpert continue to lorecast that there arc
Ullici liny ni lie ia;ih:u timing im- amnim-i w.
r the summer is uo.v well advanced and each dav
is finding the Allies stronger.
Movements of the American troops oversea
are most encouraging. N'inety thousand arrived
. or aboard ship in one week was the record for th
I first week of this month, showing that the move
.i . i . j .i.
ment was in me same volume as during uic monin
if limr "Ken it a.4mnpfl ri-nrt urorMirtions. After
these arrivals in France it still takes some weeks
to put tlu- men in the fighting line but each week
now sees the American army on the fighting front
considerably augmented. In the course f sis
weeks or more this weekly increase will he in
multiples of those of the past and even of tins
Jll IU93I4 nic niiuaiiuil VVIIVUIUV3 wi, ij" v
; tnd Siberia the successes of the Czecho-Slovak
forces have been such as to cause a delay in Allied
plans andMo make it possible .that intervention
may, after, all. be unnecessary to prevent:the Ger
mans securing control of Western Siberia and its
From Palestine no reports have been forthcom
ing during the week.
i w. a. a.
Troubles of Planters
With a lalmr shortage, estimated to reach 2500
men and with a famine of nitrates which can not
be broken for at least two months to come, the
problems of the sugar planters on these islands
pile up thick and fast. The labor shortage augurs
for a decreased sugar crop next year and the year
after and the nitrate famine still further threatens
the 1920 crop. ."s.
Hawaii must solve its own problem so far
as Ss possible and especially is this so in WW time.
It is possible to do this, to an extent at least, so
far as the labor situation is concerned. ' As to
nitrates it is a different matter. The solution of
the labor problem is to put the men who are en
gaged in unessential occupations and who are
fitted for plantation work, on the plantations. This
may entail some sacrifice among the men thus
taken but it will also demand concessions on the
part of the plantations.. .
Without doubt thereare several hundred men
on the islands who are either unemployed, or are
employed only part of the time, .Besides this there
are numbers of workers, familiar more os less
with agricultural work whose present employment
is unessential. How to get these men to the plan
tations is the problem the planters must meet un
less sugar production Is to be materially curtailed
next year and afterward.
, Hawaiians have been urged, to "get "back to the
soil" and here is the opportunity for them todo
so. On the other hand it is claimed by some of
these Hawaiians that the compensation is not
adequate. Here is a point where the prospective
employer and the prospective employe. must get
together. The one is threatened with a smaller
crop and a consequently much smaller return on
his investment unless he secures more laborers.
The other faces an uncertain livelihood and a pre
carious living unless he goes to the plantations.
There is a common ground on which the planter
and the worker can get together, if only it be
Well kept gardens, smooth and velvety lawns,
well trimmed trees and well clipped hedges are
things of beauty and a joy to the citizen who looks
uixm them. Where it takes a man from the plan
tations to keep up this parklike appearance, the
beauty is secured at the cost of an actual loss to
the Islands, to the country and to the cause of the
Allies. Then those parklike placet , lecom4 . jun-
patriotic. 1 lien is the time it devolves on tne
owner of the home, or its occupants, to keep up
its beautiful appearance for their own enjoyment.
Economy in lalxr is quite as important, more im
portant than is the saving of money. The l'resi-
lent asks us to economize and to save but he
accentuates the need of conserving our labor resources.
Hut if the yard boys are taken from their pres
ent employment for plantation work there must
be between them and the planter an understand
ing, a getting together on mutual ground, just as
there must be between the planters and the Ha
waiians and other labor not now essentially em
ployed. The concessions can not be all on one
side. It must be remembered that the labor se
cured here requires no expenditure for transporta
tion hither and for return three vears from now,
r within that period.
It is quite possible that at least half of the labor
that is required for the plantations ran he secured
rilit here at home if the problem is taken up in
the right wav and its solution secured
The question ' resolves itscli into whether or
not the plantations and the available labor of the
Islands will permit a large part of the next crop
to fail to reach the consumer or whether, by get
ting together, they will save a. ist half of what
must otherwise never pass through the Hawaiian
Mn. A. Mart!ae, Wslluku. ar
rived jnwUrdny aad 1 a fnet t tha
BUlmtcll. - t t , i . .
Colonel R.' II. W.. BroaiU"".
Libue, arrived at the Young vi-MenUy
ea bis wav to tie Coaat.
Mim Eater. Hefaard, dautihter of
Carloa vPantoa, who w aieuaed of
Making and aetling a gallon of twiea
for on dollar, waa eentoneed to one
year lo Jail yesterday by Jndgo Light
toot in the j.oliee aourt.
A lantern entertainment will be belt
in the Heamen'a Inntltute, Alake street
lllilST GFfil'nFFFIJSI'JFlli r;
MEETS WITH i SUCCESS,
i . '' ... ' ' - V. . . '
Waimea, is gueet all the Young.
Charier P.r Loomia,. bend of the Y.
M. C. A. work the Island of Kauai,
arrived ia tbi etty yeeterilnv for
stay of a few-day v '(
Hheriff William Henry Ric- end NU
brother, former' Senator Churl A.
Rice, arrived in the eity yeati r.lny and
are tjt the Young.'
Day Lyona ad irife, f Kleele,
Kauai, are at the Blaiadvll Mrs.
Lyons, who is an instructor in the j
Elnele school, la til and will n-main in,
the eity for sometime. .
Aubrey Robinson, the wealthy Kauai
planter, part owner of the Inland of
Niihsu and father of Selwyn Robinson,
a young draftee Who' came in for con
siderable notice few , weeks go when
the first draft was made, nrrived in
ihe eity yesterday and is at the Young.
He was accompanied, by his eldest son,
Sinclair Robinson.: During yesterday
a lengthy conference" .was held lietweea
the three men at tha hotel.
Mrs. Jack'Mjlton has gone to the.
mainland for a stay Of six months.
Dr. Orover A. Batten ,ha returned
from the mainland and is residing at the
Mr. and Mrs.' George tia'ndciaoii, wife
ami daughter, of Honolulu, are visirinif
friends at Ban Lois Obispo, Cel.
Miss Esther Countings Of this eity
has left for Ha a Francisco, nhere she
will gpend several month with rel
atives. , : A..;.,, .
Sheriff Wa, Henry Riee and Chaa.
P. Loomia, the Y. M. C. A. secretary,
were departing passengers Isst night
for Kauai. " .
Mrs. F. ,H..MeKean, of shanghai,
China, baa arrived her tn visit her
brother, who is etatioaed in the marine
corps at Pearl Harbor.1
Among the visitors at the Moana are
Mrs. F. J. Raynor and Mrs. P. Alex
ander, of Auckland. They will visit
the Islands a month or more.
Dr. Oiover A.' Batten and family will
return to Honolulu in the near future
from Baltimore where the former has
been visiting John Hopkins t'niversity.
Robert E. Stone, formerly of Mills
school, was recently married in Cali
fornia and ttV shortly return to take
up his new work as a secretary of the
Y. M. C. A.-.. ;
Dr. Robert Day William", who recent
ly resigned as principal of Mills Schools,
will take up war work on his return
to the mainland. He intended goinf;
into Y. M. C. A. work in the Islands,
but has now decided to go to the main
land. He earn here four years ago.
George Ahlbora, of the firm of Wall
& Dougherty, hat received notice from
Portland, Oregon, thaf .he has bee
called Into the . draft. While on his
honeymoon last year, Mr. Ahlborn reg
istered under the selective draft, at
PnriUmil Ha evneeta TO leave Hono
lulu' toon, and will be accompanied by
Mrs. Ahlborn. He' will be the fourth
man railed from Wall Dougherty's
to eerve in the army, hfs predecessors
being Major James D. Dougherty, anil
Lieutenants Thomas Boylan and C.
Views and motion pictures of the Isl
ands and Japan will be shown by Ed
Towse and Fred Halton. .
A oetition for re hearino- In the su ¬
preme court of the ease of Nettle L.
Scott versus Esther N. Pilipo and
Elisabeth K. DeFrtes, nee Pilipo, was
denied by the court in a ruling band
ed down yesterday.
John Elifln, a negro, jumped from a
moving street ear near the eoraer of
Kamehameha Hoed and King Street
last night and received a bad contu
sion on bis head. - After the wound was
dressed he waa kept at tho emergency
hospital for tho night.
A ten-percent Increase in express
rates has gone into effect according to
a cablegram received - by the Wells
Fargo Expe,' Company yesterday,
This increase baa been authorized by
tho interstate commerce , commission.
All the mainland express companies
are now amalgamated into the Ameri
can Railway Express Company.
Many of the letters reaching here
from the mainland carry th special
Fourth of July stampa which were is
sued by the government in commemora
tion of tha Nation' birthday. The
denominationa of the .stamps vary from
five cent to on dollar, fthe extra
sums over th regular postage being
th gift of th Users to the government.
Hearing of th four "contests in eon
nection with the Liliuokalani esetate
litigation waa again continued yester
day in the circuit court before Judge
C. W. Asbford .until next Thursday
afternoon. . Demurrers were recently
filed by the trustees of the Liliuokala
ni estat to the contests of Mrs. Ke
awe Nawahio) tin. Emma Kiliovjlknl
De Fries and John.F. Colburn, acting,
as trustee for the Kawananakoa mini1,
and it is expected that a demurrer
will b put jh before Thursday to thel
fourth . .contest, that fliexl by prin
cess" xaeresv wncox jseniyeatu .
WHITE SEA COAST
SAID JO BE HELD
Occupation of Murmansk Dis
tricts Causes Alarm In Mos
cow, More Americans There
W. S. 8.
W ork or fight has put several baseball leagues
out of business but town lot ball will go on as
usual and the bovs of the nation will not allow
the national game to beomie a lost art
Judging from the attitude of ( liairinan Kitchin
of the house ways and means ountnittee, that rep
resentative at some time has wanted a news arti
cle "kept out" of some newspaper and has had his.
request turned down.
In four hours the senate m
of twenty billions of dollars
legislators in congress enter
agreement lor a summer reces
Nation wide prohibition during; the war period
will not be considered this month but it will surelv
come up for action after the . hil;i s.sional summer
recess. Meantime w'ar time pi ohibit ion will have
become a reality in these s,nus
Hawaii has fallen far behind -.. hednle m buying
thrift stamps tor the first m months f ;he vear.
Puring the balance it will be uee-,ar to go just
nine times as fast and e ii ,( lit 1 1 faster if we are
to go over ihe tof). Keep tin- m mind .Old hold
down your pet rxtrax ag.m -
'o wonder the
on it gentlemen's
Iftim-XnAaA from Pure It I
inforcements were rushed to the threatened points by the American
command and the German rush waa first stayed and then swept
back by a vigorous counter, the Sammies cutting the German bat
talions to pieces and throwing back the remnant in, confusion. '
HUNS SIGNALLY, DEFEAfEfrjl J fJ j jh
Early in the counter it was announced from American head
quarters on the Marne that four hundred prisoners had been taken,
including a major and two captains. Last night it' was officially
reported that the counter had been pushed till further ahead and
that the Germans had been signally1 defeated, up-to fifteen hundred
having surrendered, the prisoners including general and other
The official despatches from French headquarters credits the
Americans with driving , back the Germans who had crossed .the
Marne southwest of , Fossy,AwhUe the Jtalia whq are defending
the Marne in the neighborhood of Dormans are also valiantly re
sisting the efforts of the enemy to throw a force across th river.
USE NAVAL GUNS
In preparation for this offensive the Germans had brought up
a number of ten- and twelve-inch naval guns, with which they are
shelling the countryside far behind the. Entente lines.
The first day of the great German offensive, as summed up in
a semi-official statement, has been clearly favorable to the Allies.
The Germans have gained no points of importance, they have suf-
I fered heavy losses and they have been held better than on the open-
ing aay ot any ot tne great drives.
As in the previous phases of the German offensive the policy
of frightfulness and intimidation of civilians was employed by the
enemy, the long range rifles opening fire on Paris and continuing
a steady bombardment throughout the day.
WAHHIlJGTON. July 15 (Associat
ed Tress) While reports from Loudon
say that British and American forees
have ooeupied the whole or me aiur
mansk Coast the Ameriran partiripn
tion in the occupation of the coast of
Russia, so far as known here, is limit
ed to the landing of marine snd bluo
PLANS OF ENEMY
American Forces Do Distinguish
ed Service and Tljrow Foe
(Concluded From Page 1)
Americans, fired one of our captive
balloons hot our observers used their
parachutes and escaped safely.
To Better Positions
"At this hour thtre is no sign of
the battle diminishing ,?nd the Ameri
can tuff expects further improvement
in our position by morning. "
1 he outstanding fact is Hint the of
EVENT IN RUSSIA
Not Unlike the Crossing of the
Equator On Shipboard Is
the Northern Custom
initial blow for tho Arst time sinrc
March. Tlicy were na nearer their
objective laxt nilit than in the more
in. American officials . are convinceil
that the lines will bold.
Observe among the army men here
jackets and their opera ion. with the rr(.rllml,.r .hor offensive
with the Channel ports' as objectives
if the foe lialt be able tot comiiel a
withdrawal of troops r6hi thoW aX-AV
ami thus wenkeo tne north for the pro
tection of I'ariH.
rWretary of War Bilker late last
night Hiiiit: Kcports so far received
arc inoMt encouraging and we are proud
of our boys but we must await further
w. a. a
IX)NIK)N, July IJ (Associated
I'ressJOn the trains running north
ward across North Rossis, the crossing
of the Arctic Circle is made the oc
ension tor a festival similar to that
which tourists used to eujov on ship
board when crossing the Kipistor. The
train inskes a stop of several hours in
fensive of the Germans failed in its the midst nf a snow covered wasts on
the shores of the White Sea. The
passengers stielch their legs and take
a constitutinnal cut over the fror.cn
surface of the White Sea nhile a pic nic
dinner is being prepared.
WASHINGTON, July 16 (Official)
I Preaident Poincaire of France cabled
a message ia reply to the ttastue uay
Message which was sent 1 to him by
President Wilson. He expresses pro
found gratitude for the American par
ticipation in the observance of the
holiday and sees the formation of links
of a friendship which will be indissolu
ble. In his message he said:
"France is profoundly grateful to
her great sister republie for joining
in the celebration of the anniversary
of the fourteenth of July as trance
herself joined with America in cele
brating Independence Day.
'These mutual tokens of Triemlsnip
are nut mere official manifestations.
They spring like living flame from the
hearts of our two peoples and have
forced spontaneity of the great nation
al movements. Those who hsvj fought
together for liberty wilt remain uni-
Icd to each other 4y. indissoluble
TABLE SCRAPS ARE
British. Department of war officials
eald today .that it "ther American
troops have made their appearance in
the neighborhood of Archangel and
Kola, they must have been despatched
by General Koch from some of tho
American forces in Knglish concentra
An official despatch from Home to
day says that the entire Italian press
has commented on the presence- Of
Allied troops on the Murman coast and
the general impression is that it will
facilitate assistance to Russia, which
will complete the rehabilitation of that
A British wireless says that the Al
lied commanders have appealed to the
population of the Murman coast to
help them against Germany and the
Finland troops operating with the Ger
mans. They have declared the whole
of the Murman coast Russian territory
under the protection of the Kntente
powers. The forces on land have cap
tured the Kern railway station while
oa the seacoast American and British
forces have advanced towards Toroki.
The Russian Bolsheviki authorities have
withdrawn to Nirok.
Great Britain lins received a note
from the Bolsheviki government de
manding the withdrawal of the British
W. S. 8.
PHII.ADKIPHJA, July -7 (Associ
sted Press) Save the unedible acraps
from the table for making explosive
charges for seventy vs millimeter
The Food Administration here has
issued this appeal to housewives for
increased efficiency. Kitchen and table
refuse, it is urged, should be kept in
a separate container from other house
refuse aud free from foreign matter.
Statistics furnished by the Food Ad
ministration show that lone ton of
garbage supplies enough glycerine to
make the explosive charge for four
teen seventy-live millimeter shells,
enough "fatty acid" to manufacture
seventy live pounds of soap, fertilizer
to grow eight bushels' 'Of wheat bbiI
scores of other muterials essential in
the manufacture of munitions.
The Ksrhage wasted in twenty four
large cities not utilising garbage is
estimated to lie equal to aooiu rour
and a half millions of pounds of nitro
adyreriue in a year, or about 5,000,000.
TOKIO, Joue 15 rAaaieiated Press)
Count Hunemastt Oirrtmaehi. director
n.n.rl f th. Imurit nf decorations of . H. H. Klor. ii.e .1 v ln.i nt I. Mb.Ii-im II
...-.-. - - l..i.ltl- Vl( T hs....ii SlMk'sntn .1
(the cabinet, has been appointed grand non,iu, Tukemori. i: lini.. curio- mil.
chamberlain to Kmperor Yoshihito as ,Mi-i, l' iuvwniit, c i Hail.).
Walter Bukcr, iikmsUm! manager il
the Fairmont Hotel, Sun praucisco, will
arrive hero in about a month to be
come manager of the Young Hotel, ac
cording to information arriving here
yesterday. Henry Stinson, the present
manager of the Young, has resigned to
enter the army. Mr. Baker is well
known to a number of prominent. Ilnuo
w. s. a
111 tin- Inter I m In ii 1 1 slcnmcr Minimi K-u
frniii Hawaii uutl ln it I pnrts July l.V.
Knilll Hawaii Miss Alilin Hiiiins. Mrs.
H. It HIixIk.ii ihi. I .MM. Miss K. Kiiliii,
K W. Valllc. Chin II In Nam. Mrs. Km 111.
Mrs. Kilhueiia. H Mlvuiii.il... It Low. Win.
I. sclia Jr.. V Miieilii l.ii- Kwnt Nun. Mr.
ami Mrs Kun.lii an.) . Iill.l. Mrs. Warr.-n
anil two clill.lK'ii. Mrs. A KpaJ.lluK .1
A. It Vlerrii r M IIiiiIkhi .Iuiii.-k l.yn.ll
I,. K. Iti-eil. II. J ii ii . 1 -1 1 . I.euii ll.inli:"
heriicr. O. H. I'reiishaiu. I'. V. While. Mr
J. ('. .lallllesiin .1 II llclislaill. MIH He
llrlsa.v. MI-. I W'lls.iii. A Alohlkca. In
kHiniii'H Gii.i Sim. l-'iikinlii. .1 .,.lil.-. Mrs
Man-cliH I-' J Inll.iii Mlrashlrn. Main
vninn Ariikiikl 1. Kv.r.ti. Mls M lit
bill. Musli'i- nlilll. ( .-ml.. Isiiv.-lhii. IV
aiuamnru Mr-. Ml mi.l . hll.l. Mrs. Mu
ho. Klti-liii-.. Kill. .Iiimi.-n K.'iilHliMinla. Mi
anil Mrs I Iiililiii..i mi. I .Iill.l. iiikiilii.
Vmiuhuh. IiI. lni.Hi.i. Mur. clllit... I.iimui-I...
Jimi h'eriiiin.l.s. Ml.vnsliliii s l-'njll. K
Inonre, V. It.isn. Mrx Ness. Mrs VliKllila
WASHINGTON, July 15 (Official)
As the result of its investigations
into the reipiiremenis of tobacco
abroad, from which it drew the recom
mendation that conservation is rreces
otry, the war industries board ascer
tained that tobacco can be termed a
military essential as shown by the rn
tions issued to the soldiers of the
armies of the vuiious Allies. Its re
port gave liguies of interest to tobacco
users of the country as well us to
those iii the iudustiy, who were more
generally familiar with the iuiinensi ly
iucreasi .1 ileiuiinil. Of the supplies und
the demand the report shows;
The tin; crop was I , lJ(i,(IU0,O0il
n.ls of which kTi.IIUO.IHMI are avail
tear for I'nite.l States
ii Ii ili- ;i Hi. Odd. odii pounds
de for export to the
able for th
ma n u f ai t u ri
w ill be ai .
Tobacco issued to the military forces
by Knglii'id, Prance and Italy amounts
In approximately I TS.IMMI.IIIMI pounds
vcnily. Kuglaiid and Piunce each
allot tortv percent of their entire con
sumption to their army and navy while
Italy allows its military forces forty
The total yearly consumption by the
entire populations of these countries is
estimated at 37,000,000 in- 41,000,000
more than this country is uble to ex
The exact spot where the railroad
crosses ' 1'irde is probably not detorm-
,aed with scientific accuracy, but the
men who built the railroad apparent
ly Hgreed on an approximate location,
and this is marked with a suitable in
scription. ( At this point also the rail
road builders have left a slight gap,
probably not mors than a. quarter of
nil inch, between the rails, so that, as
passengers often notice, "when the
train passes over the Circle, there is
a distinct jolt and jar."
The American Red Cross Mission to
Rumania began to prepare for the
festival of the Arctic Circle crossing
several days in advance. The event was
celebrated with a dinner of l.aplaml
turkey and wild cranberries, with an
entree of roast reindeer. The turkeys
were secured a few duys previously by
Colonel Henry W. Anderson, the Com
manding Officer of the American I'nit,
who stopped the train for an afternoon
in' order to launch k game-hunting ex-
iclition along the southern shores of
he frozen Wliite Sea.
'Ihe evening was marked by a par
ticularly brilliant display of the Aurora
Borealis or Northern Lights, which
most of the members of the party
viitnessed fur the Unit time. The aurora
appeared at dusk and illuminated the
sky in fantastic streaks and circles
across the whole northern horizon.
It was on this day also that a south
ward bound train passed, bearing
among its passengers Major v ardwell
of the American Red Cross Mission to
Russia, who presented to the members
of the Mission to Rumania a bundle
of American newspapers only seven
weeks old. The eagerness with which
these papers were passed from hand
to hand and read line by line, even to
the obituary columns and "want ads,"
showed how highly this gift wns Bp
w. i. a
w. a. a.
IS NOT OPPORTUNE
The shipping board announces that
contracts for thirty additional steel
cargo ships have been let to Japanese
I i i t in c 1 s for twenty transpoits have
I n let to a vard on the Pacific Coast.
Ini.tiru I. II..... Mrs tixah 1 1H I ll'1IIIIH I ' ....
I'niiu. K I in MniiK Wal. Musicr Klin i'IiIiik The .Inpi'nese contracts have lieen .11
The Hrit'mh. Prench and Japanese
j ministers to China have strongly pro
j tested to General llorvath, the anti
; Bols-hev iki military commander who
I formed a temporary war cabinet in Hi
1 beriu, asking him to withdraw his dic
tatorship proclamation on the ground
- i that it Is unwise and untimely accord
WASHINGTON, Julv 15 (Official) jug to a despatch from I'eki;ig.
i xeenp-movak turces have capture. I
Koz.an, ,140 miles cast of Moscow.
I 'll. .nil. Mrs rhillli.s Asnl.i J I' I ii i n
Kallier 'I'll. -n.il. t-- Mrs. T Kulsnaii... Miss
Kektiyn. Miss Asak... Mrs ka.i.-liitiliirt an. I
four i-lil hi ii-ii . it iiih ii k u K.inix Shur- l..i,
Mr. anil Mrs Ariikiikl Mrs J. I.li In.
Kutliei I 'mi I Mis M.ikckiiu. Mi" l.ilili lv
l,.iiil.s.l.- Mrs W I' NiimiiIii Mlsw I.
Ksiiiakswiii .ml,'. K.iiiun. Masicr Knuiiikn
wlw.Hilc. Miss I l-ill. Imi.l II Ak i
Kroiii Muni A W lolllus. Ml km a J
Mourn. Jiiiiics Su.iii. Aklomi litn I'cr.-
ided among thirteen ciunpaines, five
oin; to the Kawasaki company of
GERMANY WOULD KEEP
OWN ART TREASURES
KW YORK, July 7 (Associated
I'ress) Germany has tukeu steps to
prevent t he 'export at ion of w orks, of
art, say German newspapers received
- ii. i . i in.- -v mei ii-iin iiiii-iiiiuii in .1.-. aeie. aim nas askeii tiic tierman r eil
v ile I lie Miles to become partners in erate.l States to cooperate in the mov e
Amei ii a s shipbuilding program, not , incut. In making this a iiuounccmetit
only I. ii the purpose of defeating the the Saxon minister of education said
common enemy, but ulso providing a thai neutral countries were using their
mei ii" of exchange of raw muterials , war profits to purchase great numbers
and muuufuctures after the wur. ' of German works of art.
aw aid is regarded as an exten
I ihe Amen, nn intention to in-