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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, July 19, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-07-19/ed-1/seq-1/

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yesterdayywmkir;
0. a WEATITER BtTBEAO
Jnty 18, 19I8--l,aiit twenty
four hours' rainfall .00
Temprature Mlo,73j M
M. Weather, Clear. ; ,
FOOD FORECAST FOR TODAY
On KmUm and On Wheatleaa MeeJ
VOL.- LII. ' NO$8.
HONOLULU. HAWAII TERRITORY. FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1918. -SEMI WEEKLY.
WHOLE NUMBER 4757
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BY D!ilE OF FRENCH
MD YMKEE FORCES
(S-
SUMMARY OF THE DESPATCHES
Smashing at the German line from the Marue to the Aisne, French and
American forces yesterday captured territory vital to the Germans. South of
Soissons they have advanced to and through IJuzancy, reaching within easy ar
tillery range of the railroad uxm which the Germans mainly depend for the
supplying of their troops in the Marue salient.
Exports from both French and American headquarters last night state that
at no point have the Germans been able to make a successful stand and thou
sands of prisoners, thousands of machine guns, great quantities of supplies and
upwards of a hundred pieces of artillery have been taken.
The gains are such that yesterday's counter offensive may force the Ger
mans to evacuate the entire Marne salient, with the possibility that a large por
tion of the German army there may be cut off and forced to surrender.
Where the advance has been made east of Huzancy, a gain of six miles has
been scored, while at a number of other joints advances are; from two to live
miles.
In addition to these gains, the French and Italians on the eastern side of
the Marne salient have scored successes, while the British won a "notable local
action on the Soniine.
-5)
was
ERMANS TRAPPED IN DUGOUT SURRENDER Thi remarkable photograph
VJ taken, by French photographers in the village of Cantigny, which was captured in a brilliant
attack by Americans on May 28. The photo shows the Yankees engaged in cleaning out the Ger
man dugouts in, the village. A German is shown rushing out of a shell-wrecked, gas-filled under
ground hiding pce, while several of his countrymen, who have already surrendered, watch his
flight to the open air
4,.
Loss oi Ground Is
Admitted In Berlin
BERLIN, via London, July 19
(Associated Preen) Last night '
official report issued from the
war office said: "Between the
Aisne and the Marne the French
attacked with strong forces Bad
using tanks. They had captured
some ground before our reserves
joined in the battel.
"We stormed a ridge on the
Rheims-Marne front, south of
Courry, and captured its defend
ers and the regimental command
er. "Yesterday our airmen and
air defense guns downed twen-
ty4hrte enemy machines."
W. 8. B.
PARIS, July 19 (Associated Press) I'nder cover of a heavy storm, which drowned the roar of
VK their opening barrage, the French and Americans launched an offensive at five o'clock yester
dajf morning along a twenty-five-nile front, from the Marne to the Aisne. The opening attack was
completely successful, the Germahs:teing"uktOl wholly '5 '"surprise"' and swept off their feet,
jj- j,AjtJhe,jfoyrciartw thjrnp.thc Germans -&Jpng
the" front opposite' the Americans were falling back' so fast that American cavalry was "brought into
the action, the retreating Huns being ridden down and cut to pieces. ' t
During the day twenty villages were regained, many thousands of prisoners were taken, a num
ber of guns captured and the Gernjan lines smashed back across a hundred square miles of country
No count of prisoners had been completed last night, but it is
estimated that the French had captured between five and seven
thousand and that the Americans had taken nearly as many.
ALL WEAPONS USED
All offensive weapons were brought into play in the drive and
a number of the new, swift mosquito tanks were used. These
smashed the German machine nests and took part in the pursuit
df the fleeing Germans, running many down and crushing those who
refused to speedily surrender.
This offensive was launched from just north of Chateau Thi
erry, where the Americans have been holding the line, to the bank
of the Aisne at Montenoy. When niht ended the fighting, the
Franco-American line had been advanced all along the front from
two to nearly six miles.
In addition to this advance, the French counter-attacked. at the
one point east of Rheims where von Boehni had made a gain, on
the Vesle River near l'runay. Here the French-regained the village
and re-established their former lines. Early in the day the French
had been attacked here by a division of the Prussian Guards, whom
they had beaten off. Following this repulse they launched their
i Mimtcr and swept the guard back for nearly a mile.
AMERICAN CAVALRY CHARGES
I.ast night, on the American section of the new line north of
i he Marne, the American headquarter staff reported their presence
at a point well within the territory which had been swept by Ger
man shells during the opening hours of the battle. Here the Anier
uan cavalry had swept the Germans before tjiem, charging into the
battle with a dash that could not be stopped.
The Americans were in force at two points along the line of
attack, which covered the western side of the Marne salient from
west of Soissons to Chateau Thierry. Just northwest of this latter
point the Americans advanced from their recently captured posi
tions on the outskirts of Torcy and drove through that town and
to the eastern limits of Givry, a gain of more than a mile.
FRENCH DASH FORWARD
To the north of them, the French advanced, taking Priez and
reaching the outskirts of Neuilly-St. Front, south of the Ouroq,
and Chouy, on the northern bank of the Auroq. Still further north
the French made greater gains, advancing their line east from Long
nont for more than four miles, to the edge of Hartennes at Taux.
AMERICANS BIVE DEEPEST
North of Longpont another American force was engaged. These
troo is smashed the Germans hack from Yierzy and pursued them
lor three miles further east through Coire, this drive marking the
deepest advance of the day. I'etween this point and the Aisne,
mixed French and American divisions fought their way forward for
advances from two to five miles, reaching positions that
the plateau just south of Soissons, dominating that city, and tiring
mt' them to Buzancv and Ro.ieres, southeast of Soissons, where
their L'ims now command the railroad line upon which a large
rL5 '"M vj v v ,
i. :
-v9
4
,
t ' v . ' ' If''!-" f1
GOVERNMENT 0
TAKE CONTROL
OVER MEDICAL
PROFESSION
Needs of Army Are Pressing And
Tuese Will Be Cared For And
Remaining Physicians Distrib
uted Through Ration
OPPORTUNITY IS GIVEN
TO ALL TO VOLUNTEER
TURNING POINT IS SEEN ,
RS AMERICANS AND FRENCH
WIN VICTORIES FOR FOCH
WASHINGTON, July 1M ( Annoriiite.l I'rens) Amrnran fori-c, attacking
in roiijuiiction with the French, nhattcrcil the French forcen along a twenty-five
mile front lietween the Aiane anil the Marne yenterilay, ami ai'cuniphshe.l more
in the Mingle day of fighting than the German achieved on both niilett of
HheiniH, in the whole of their offensive against a front of practically the name
length.
In thin plenili'llv auccesHful counter the Allies advanced in nix houm, on
the AiHne Marne front, more than doulile the dititaiice which the (iirmans cov
ered in three ilavn of donperate fighting on the Rheina front.
The guna of the French and the Aiiicm-ana now cover the railroads that
are supplying the (ierman valient between HheiniH and HoinfMins.
Ameri ,
War Savings Stamps
Sales Make Records
ROOSEVai URGED
10 HEAD TICKET
Former President Is Asked To
Again Lead Party To Victory
As Governor
If Requirements Are Not Met
Then Carl Wi)l Be Made To
Meet All Requirements Under
Professional Draft
W
AMERICAN WOMEN
PLAYING PART WELL
Their Savings Have Done Much
To Feed Allies During Fiscal
Year Just Past
cart of the Germans south of the Kheims Soissons line depend for
iIkm .upclies
EAST OF MARNE SALIENT
On 'he eastern side of the Marne salient the day was likewise
ssful for the Allies, the French regaining various positions and
l . 1 1 1 1 hack every attempt oi the Germans to advance tn the Marne.
ilnrj I'jck ever)- attempt ol ttie (jermans to advance tip
(Contlnuod oa Page 3,
NEW YOHK, July 18 (Aaaociatod
l'rKse) Nearly one hundred million
pounds of beef waa sent acroaa the
Atlautin during May, the shipments
made possihle largely by the added aav. '
ing in the une of meat by the. people
of the country, the food administration
announces. This went principally to
Oreat Britain, Franco, Italy and Bel-
(fin in. !
Food Administrator Koover, accord
ing to Washington despatches, has re
ported to 1'renident Wilson on results
of voluntary food conservation during
the fiscal year which ended June 80.
In this report he pays high tribute to i
, the women of the country. He said
' that fooil valued at approximately
1,400,000,1100 was sent to the Allied
I conutries during the year. American '
! women hnve played the dominant part
include muki'1!! saving that rendered
I these viist siupmeuis possible ana made
the signal sacrifices that were neces
sary. Shipments of meats and fats to the
Allies during the year were 3,011,100,
an incrvuse of 84-,fiO0,O0O over the
proceeding year.
W. B. I.
MORE DRAFTEES CALLED
WASlirVOTON. Julv IS (Official-)
Jktwceu August 5 and 9, 43,000 addi
tional ree-ititrants will be called under
the nlo'tc dit. it w:is a.-iiouuied
toiaj by Ihd pro.ofct marshal jenura!.
In yesterday 's fieluinir the
cans held two important sectors of the
twenty live miles, one before Chateau
Thierry and the other just south of
Soissons. Between these American
forces the Frenc h aihauced and to the
north of the second sector the French
forces held and extended their front.
The American forces participated in
larie numbers and scored the longest
advances of the day in the salient just ;
south of Hoissons.
Progresses Rapidly j
The French-America n counter was
launched about daylight in a driving
rain storm and every serviceable weap j
on of offense wns employed by the at
tackers. The assault was a surprise.
It took the eiiemv off their feet and I
hurled them back with no chance of
recovery. This added to the number
of prisoners and the enormous- quanti
ty of guns and other liooty that was
taken.
Hoh i in I a terrific Imirago the attack I
was launched at live o'clock yester
dav morning. Behind a terrific bar-
j rage the Americans n.hanced aud had i
taken their first oh.icctive within half
an hour. While these forces were dig -I
ging in another Aim-m an force passed
on over and, behind the barrage which
had been resumed, pi oceedel ou to
the second objeetnes which were also
taken. Similarly t li -s proceeded for
ward to the third line of objectives.
Huns Overwhelmed
Kspecially at the imrth end of the
line, south of Koisi,i . and opposite
the Hoissous Pans Hon I was the Amer
ican advance a surpi c of speed to
the foo. Numerous i nks, from the
largest size to the " uonipiito" pur
ticipate I and the Americans took
ninny prisoners in l-e;h ralients, as
WASHINGTON, July 18 (Offi
cial i-With only a little more
than oue half of the month yone,
sales of War Havings end Thrift
Stamps thus far in July total more
than 0,000,OUO.
Since these !,l amps were fit's t
put on sale, the receipts from this
source of revenue have been more
than !S(t,0(IO,0(K) and the ftguren
for thus far in July are record
lireakiTs.
-cti
Well as capturing mim1 -'s ot log guns,
hundreds of machine ;uus mi I greiit
stores of munitions a n I equipment.
In most iduees the eiimin resist-1
ance was feeble but nere and there i
they fought atublioml.v and put up a
strong di fense which was brnken down
by American shock lim ps at the point
! of the bayonet ami in the muzzle of
their weapons. In li - way in two
hours the Americans had captured
Torev and (iivrv, five -idles northwest
j of Chant. j
Vut Booty Taken 1
At noon the America:. 6 in the salient 1
to tho south of Bouson? counted thirty- ,
three hundred prisoners, fifty cannon
aud more than a thoutun i machine guns
tlioy h id cupttirod frOiu lle. foe. Manv
more w rc tUeu in t tjc l hateu Thierry
salient but the count of those was not
reported.
At noon the third objectives had
been passed iu the Soissons saliept and
began a new attack. They continued to
sweep all before them in their victori
ous onrush which late in the after
noon became so rapid that cavalry
was used with continued splendid suc
cess. At that time it was seen that
tho Germans were bringing up large
numbers of reinforeemeuts and a count
er w as anticipated.
Meantime by similar tactics the
French hail advanced from two to four
miles along their entire front, and last
night the new line extended from the
extreme advance of the Americans at
BHcau ,'iieh was the point of a wedge
driven cast, Huzancy, Villers Hetona
and in a line almost Jue south to Chat
eau Thierry. The heights dominating
Soissons weie in tho possession of the
liies. I nst niht American headquar
ters mil staff weie well within the
t.iiitioy that tho enemy liad been
-' I 1 1 1 e.tordvii morning..
.Turning Point Here
1 lie fact that (ieneral Foch has been
ab'e to successfully cany out these
major counter strokes is considered by
military observers and officials here
to l-e the most promising feature of the
present campaign. The attack indi
cates, it is believed, the definite turn
point and his resources are now at
least sunn lent to conduct an aggres
hie defensive
In London, the belief is expressed
flat the GoTman offensive has been
ended tor the present with the turn
ing movement ugainst Khoims a fail
ure ai d it h no advance toward Paris.
SARATOGA SPRINGS, New York,
July 19 (Associated Press) Former
President Roosevelt ig being urged to
again head ttie Republican party in
Nevy York and to again take the guber
natorial nomination and lead his party
to victory as he did a score of years
ago.
Attorney General Lewis, the chief
rival of Governor Whitman for the
Republican nomination lias publicly an
nounced that he will withdraw in his
contest for the nomination if the form
er president will make the race.
One of the -roost peculiar phases of
the situation was the course of William
Barnes, former bitter enemy of Ro
velt and whom Roosevelt fought with I meilt service first issued.
his customary vigor. He was busily i
circulating a roundrobbin urging Col
onel Roosevelt to run and scoured th
signatures of several hundred.
Colonel Roosevelt addressed the on
vention and received a magnificent n a l.e.
tion.
ASHIW.TOW July lCM
(Associated Press) All
medical men in the United States
are to he taken into the service of
the government soon and the
whole medical profession taken
ove. and administered by the gov
ernment. The needs of the army
for many more doctors re press
ing, while it has been made plain
ci o: arf ttneTen, thttsh?rvtn
some sections of the country not
adequately provided for, while in
other sections there are left more
physicians than are absolutely re
quired. In order to fill the army re-lfir'-ments
and also permit of a
proper distribution .throughout
I e country, the profession will
ie taken over and incorporated as
a branch of the government. The
needs of the army and the civilian
needs of the country will be
equally provided for and doctors
wiii he distributed throughout the
Statff- under government orders.
There will be a call for volun
tary enlistment in the govern-
If this
. . n- . . it
I -;o'. cs uui suiiiciem iu meci an
requirements, enough other doc
tors w '.1 he drafted into the ser-
- w. i. a. .
EWS SURPRISES HEADS
BELIEVE QUENTIN
ROOSEVELT SAFE
Cable Messages Express Confi
dence He Landed Unhurt And
Is German Prisoner
(Continued ou Page 3,
M:V YORK, July 19 (Associated
1'iess) -yuentin Roosevelt, youngest
so i of Colonel Roosevelt who was re
pioted from London on Thursday to
have been killed in a bnttle over the,
Gentian lilies in the Chateau Thierry
seetor, may be, nfter all snfe. Cabin
messaged reeeived by Colonel Roose
velt yesterday indicated strong belief
that he had landed unharmed.
Three messages carrying the same
re-iss'iring news came to Roosevelt. One
id' Mn'.e was from General Pershing.
I.nl 1 i ii out hope, another said it was
believed be had landed safely and wa
il p runnier (if the Germans and the tniid
wns tioni Roosevelt's son inlaw, Ma
m Dei by, who said that a companion
avi.itur of Qut-ntin's was confident that
he had alighted unhurt.
r a. a.
EFFICIENT MINISTER
OF BLOCKADE RESIGNS
ItiNDON, Julv 10 (Ass0, iatt d
Fn.'s-i Aftr having rendered eplns
Isd sirviee to his country as minis' r
cf the blockade.. Lord Robert Cor il has
r'-M'ii J that nftiee and will become as-
,-'.n:t M'crutai id state iu the tor' -a
f. ,i ir.s dc artment.
ft
M1
11 LOCAL ASSOCIATION
(inkers of the Medical Society of
Hawaii expressed surprise last night
when informed of tho action Contem
plated by the government, because they
were of the impression that action
had been taken by the American Medi
cal Association to meet the immediate
ami future need of the government for
army physicians at a conference held
in ChicaKO about six weeks ago.
At this conference there was prea
cut the statu secretaries of all tho
medical organizations included in the
American Medical Association where
the needs of the government, as out
lined by iSurgeon-Gnneral George were
rarcrmiv considered, it was explained
both Dr. A. P. Jackson and Mr.
II Hlodifett.
I'octor Jackson is the vice-president
of the Medical Society of Hawaii and
Doctor ltlo.inett, the secretary. The
I resilient is Dr. H. H. Wood, who lives
at Waialun.
Dim tor Hlodt'ett's first comment o'i
'the Associated Press news was that
j''it couldn't come too soon." He er
, plained that his application for a m-
mission in the medical corps was fiUl
over six weeks aifo, and that threw
weeks later a cablegram was sent to
I Washington resffirming his desire to
be enlled, and inquiring for information
a s to his spplicat ion.
Doubts necessity
! ''I do not believe sny such action
j "ill become necesssrv" was the com
ment of Doctor Jackson when he was
tel l that tho government was fnnsid-
rink; the dr-iftinu of all physicians. Ha
e ititiniii I bv explaining that the ethi
i .1 nudual profession of tbe fnite I
(Continue! on Page 3,

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