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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, July 26, 1918, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-07-26/ed-1/seq-3/

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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, FRIDAY. JULY 26, 191. -SEMI-WEEKLY.
f t".: i ) ltir-ixri r ! 1-77 v " r-i ri -t fj- 1
1 . ff . .11 ;
1 1 . I 1 v . 1
1 ! ' Iv ' 1 r .MM' F Ji, v 4 T ' l V, . F- ? ' - ! 11 i.-,' F . t ..saw s
-i-r : -J- jwmmz&GF - s
LABOR PR0BLEW1 OF
pi jito f,Rnwinr,
al II I I 1.1 M UllW II II I
STILL MORE Mil!
Planter'' Association Through
Labor Bureau Starts Can
vass For Available Supply
DATA ON FILIPINOS '
' AND JAPANESE SOUGHT
Hawaiians Would Find Work l(
They Would Apply But Are '
Not Included In Canvass
Step are being tnken by the labor
bureau of the Hawaiian Sugar Plant
ers' Association to Wear a. census f
-the number of Filipiuo and Japanese,
not now employed on the sugar plan
tation that may be drawn from non
productive and unessential work into
the productive and essential sugar in
dustry. ,
Actual and .immediate needs of the
lilnntatintia fur Inlmr ra i n AvnMH a 9
2.r,()0 men. Thev cnnl.l . mn,. U
they had them bnt thev could get
i along very wll with aapO. Bad. a
in vnii imuauun ine ruture looms up
still more threatening for more men
are required to bring the two new
regiment up to required atrengtb ami
it ia said that there will be a call by
the end of the month for a, , thousand
more men. Fully half of these, new
draftee and probably more would be
drawn from the rauks f, agricultural
labor.
Will Need Three Thousand
Thus far in the draft fifty five per
cent of thoe taken have been Fili
pino. Of the thouxand required it
ia safe to say that 500 will be taken
from the plantation leaving the ac
tual immediate neceaaity ' 3000 work
e:s. For these the crop is actually
Bufferiug.
So for a can be learned the laboi;
ruortagc lias not actually affected the
planting of the new cane and may
not do o directly, that is today there
are probably enough men to plant the
crop but there U conniderableftalk of
curtailing the rrop of two years
hence. This might be done by not
planting, by not attempting to culti
vate or by qot futrtng.
Thia talk- fa "ttmiMr td that whtdh
was heard when free rngar threatened
last. Then it was said that the plan
tation might crie to cultivate their
least prolific fields and that ia the
course that is now apoken of. Even
if the fields be planted as usual, the
present labor available would not be
able to cultivate and free from weeds
the entire area. To harveat the next
crop and to cultivate the young cane(
all of the fields, with the pretient labor
supply is impracticable.
Canvass Ia 8tarted
With no other course from which la
bor can be secured immediately it is
natural that the planters should turn
their attention to the supply that may
posniblv be secured from the Islands,
from Filipinos and Japanese that are
not now engaged in essential industry
and that is what is being done. A
canvass is being made in Honolulu and
outsiile oil this Island to find out just
how ninny are available and can be
turned into fields where their work
will lie of value.
If, as has been inttuini '!, the coming
call for 10011 men be supplemented by
a further call the condition will be proi
port ionntelv worse according to tho
ratio of those taken from the planta
tion. There i no such fbrae of suit
able plantation labor securable in tho
Islands so that the best that is hoped
from this sou no is improvement, uot
cure o the ill.
Chance For Hawatlans
It is admitted that there are a large j
number of Hawaiian who would be
welcomed on the plantations if they
would apply for the work but, thus
fur, no canvass of these is being made.
It has been said by liawaiians that
the plantation work pays insutlicient-
''
Pay and Perquisite
The poorest paid rojular worker iu
the fields of the cane plantations re-
ceives SJO a month tor days worK.
To thia is added the monthly bonus
which is one-third of that wage. This
gives the cush returns for the lowest
paid $2(1.07 but iu addition to this
there is free house rent, free water for
doiueatie purpose), , certain amount of
free wood for fuel, free medical Snii
hospital attendance and fre.i medicines,
These lb-mi 'iiiatfVfully increase the
compensation with an equivalent for
actual carli and at the end of the bonas
year there is a further addition to
nasli compensation. Then is paid the
balunce over and above the amount ul
ready received in monthly bonas
money. Thus far this yeur the IioIiuj
rate j fifty five percent of the wugss
corned. This means an added pay
niout of twenty two perient iu pres
cut prices bringing the pay up to
pro. tically $.11 a month Tith other
'perquisites.
Chance To Improve
The Hawaiian uood not remain n
common laborer in the fields. There
are more lucrative chauuels open to
him in plantation wark, dependent up
on industry, atteution and initiative.
For the health of himself and his
family the Hawaiian might well turn
hi Httenti-'ii to plantation work. The
environment of the plantation is bet
I.t suited to health. To get out of
the tenements and the slums is essen
tial lo health which cannot be bought
but iiiuv he secured by seeking proper
surroundings unit (his feature is fur
raff
(it i(n Sale
m a mm m r, &j
Subscriptions. Are Likely To Be
Taken SBrnrtime During the
Criming' Week Has Been Pro
perly IncDrpora ted ' 4
Rooking of application for utook in
American Kax-tors, Limited, the earnor
ation that i to be the aoeoeaaor Of ,H
Hark f eld 4 (Company in the tujtar
world ia expected, to atart next wwek.
K proapectua ia being drawn and taill
paaaed upon by the dlrectori of
the company at a meeting which, it
ia exported, will be held Monday.
American rctora, limited, la now
duly incorporated. The application for,
article of iucorporatiun waa filed lant !
Hfeturday and has been duly approved
aad the ahartor iaaued. Within a few
days the. transfer will be made of the
Hackfeld laminex aimultaneoualy with
the increaae of the capital stock of
the new company from 10.0(H to
5,0)0,(i00. .
JslagatKM that were held out by op-
ponenta of the reorganization plan have
I he hunte.l into their lairs and
j Tetir1 to 'l'8- The plantations
leld 4 Company was agent have all
transferred . their allegiance to the
new company and there waa no diffi
ulty whatever with the transfer of
that business, tuinorologiate to the.
ootrary, -notwithstanding. The rumor
that the companies would not take
the action which they since have tak
en did -have a threatening effect at
ne time hot it proved te be absolute
ly without ionndation.
Congratulations have been received
from the custodian on the way the
natter haa been handled and it is con
sidered remarkable that a big business
deal of thia kind could go through With
so little difficulty once plans were set
in motion.
Richard H. Trent, representative of
the custodian here say that indications
are the application's for the stock
will .be heavy and they will by no
means be confined to big' buyers, the
InUrest in, the formation of the new
company and' its notation is wide
spread,, he says, and as applications or
notices of intention to apply have been
coming to hiim, he is in a position to
know.
. Thus the business of H. Hackfeld A
Company except for the cloning up of
Its affair through distribution of the
fond which it ia to receive with the
sale of stock in American Factors,
Limited, is about completed ami it
Will -be but a short time before its
successor ia acting and has taken its
position in the big business of the Ter
ritory. W. a. a.
Total Will Not Differ Much From
Last Month's Figures
'l 1 U ' 1 '
Bugar shipments for Julv, up to ami
including yesterday, were .'i!),5()0 tous. i
Within a week there will go in one
cargo about Si 100 tons and it
is 'probable that other shipments be j
tweeu now and the first f the month
Will bring the total close to 5o,o00 I
tons for July, about the same as in I
June. I
Movements at the rate of the past
two months will not clear up the sugar
ia the Islands -before the next crop '
(is coming is. It is possible thut some
further speed can be attained but
tireaottt aueed will hrino it. i.Iiihc to
the eB, aUjdar year before the
last leaven.
The movements of June and July
have been more satisfactory than
earlier .movements but still leave much
to be desired for they are not so rapid
as production and eonaequautly sugar
I will continue to pile up iu storage but I
jthe turn may be expected soon aud
production begin to decrease as various '
plantations t'lose their grinding for the1
year. It ia apparent, though, that the
government i putting extra effort in
to 4ne moving ot the sugar ami this is
showing results.
SUGAR tS SUPPLANTING
CHINA'S POPPY GROWING
Tho planting-of sugar ease in dis
tricts near Fooe how in place of the
inhibited poppy has of late become an I
important agricultural industry. About
400,000 pounds of white sugar, valued
at idBO.tHRl, were shipped to Koochow I
during 1917. -The production of the
eheapvr red sugar in slab was l,ti00,oon .
pounds.
'W. a. . I
BARBAQOES PRICES RISE I
Duriag the. Brit part of May, the)
following prices were quoted on the ,
Harbados produce market! Dark civs i
tals (MJ test), 4.40; centrifugal ui'us j
eovada, $4.75 to $3, duiieuiling on
quality aud grade. , Molasses Fancy,
$0.42 per gallon; choice, t).4U per gal
Ion; puncheons, $8 each.
the liawaiians to dutermiue for them
selves. The wage uu the plantations
Is sure. At the end of the year there
is the added bonus thut cones in a
lump sum and gives to many a first
time opportunity ' to save and uceninu
lute, thus leading .upward iu the in
dustriul and social scale. .
Snnn m P
rivwmmm Bar
1 01 in in iiiniiomw in le ,r,im
OUUHK 1 1UU5IKT 16
OF WIDEST EXTENT
Ramifications Extend, In All Di
rections and Control Is Es
sential At This Time
' The sugar industry may be likened to
a fcowlfol of jelly or a spider's welj
touch any part and the whole is af
fected. ,
If the United Htate were cut off
from the en, a the Teutonic Powers
were before the collapse of Bussia, oar
sugar situation would be precarioias.
We would have to depend on our dome
stic mainland crop of approximately one
million tons, one fourth of which Is.
Louisiana cone and three fourths West
em beet. This would give us but twenty-two
pounds a year per capita. The
Allies being in control of the sea, how
ever, we have been able to bring sugar
from Hawaii and the Philippines suf
ficient to add fifteen pounds to our
individual yearly consumption, and
from Cuba and Porto Rico over forty
pounds, sufficient for an annunl coii
sltmptlon of over eighty pounds. This
indicates the vital importance to us
of sugars from oversea.
One-third Beet
One third of the world's sugar sup
ply .comes normally from beet lands
within the present battle lines of Eu
rope.. Before the War, Eagland purchas
ed moat of- her sugar front the Central
Powers. With that region cut off, she
turned to sources which supply the Uni
ted Htate, principally Cuba.
In view of the demand upon Cuba for
her supply, it was apparent that the mn
biliaatien of the industry would have
been ineffective without the cooperation
of the Cuban people. The island sup
pll the I'nited Htate with about onc
half the sugar consumed here. While
Cuba haa always been of vital import
ance to ua, since the outbreak of the
war this haa become emphasized. Jui
before the establishment of the United
States food administration Cuba was
besieged by anxious buyers, and the
price waa rapidly rising.
Cuban Control Necessary
To stabilise the price in this country
for refined sugar which hinges upon
the price of Cuban rawa it was neces
sary to stop the spirited bidding for
these raws and the competition ended
by th .establishment ef the Interna;
tional Bugar . Committee, representing
all the principal governments now at
war with Germany.
The principal event of the year to
the sugar Industry was the execution
as of December 24, 1917, of an agree
pient between the International Sugar
Committee, the Royal Commission on
the Husar Snpply, of London, ami all
the refiners of the United Htates on the
one side, aad representative of Cuban
interest on the other. This agreement
involved international -and diplomatic
(location of extreme delicacy, financial
diffioalties of thi first magnitude, and
shipping problem of huge proportions.
It provided for the sale of or an option
upon the entire crop of Cuban sugar
for the present campaign, with the ex
ception of 50,000 tons reserved for
Hpain or Pan-American countries. The
deal wa the Urgent of its kind in the
history of sugar, involving as it did the
purchase in one transaction of over
.100.noo.000 of sugar, and reflect much
credit upon nil parties signatory to the
contract. In order to finance the Cu
ban crop, a syndicate of bankers and
others was formed, which offered to
advance any part or all of the loo,ooo,
000 which was required.
Hugnr mnv be called a billion dollar
industry. The amount of capital in
vested in the industry in the United
Htates and near-by islands is roughly a
billion dollars, and the amount of bmi
ness done annually is estimated at that
n mount.
Msny Ramlflcationn
The ramifications of the mignr indus
try embrace almost every line of busi
ness. Our pld third readers had a story
that well illustrated these inter rein
tinnships. The etory was railed: "The
Pudding That Took a Thousand Men to
Make." The boy who looked at it
waa astonished to find an ordinary
plum pudding, enough for but a sinule
meal. Bnt when he was asked to fig
ure up the number of men required to
gather the wheat, the plums, the spices
and all, the Dumber needed to inn lies
the harness fur the herse that drow
tl'e plough that cultivated the land
that produced the ingredients of wlii'
the puddiue was made, he soon found
that the est j mate of one thousand men
was far too low.
Kvun the "one cup Rusjar" snecified
in the recipe for the plum puddinu wss
produced in the melting pan of diversi
fied industry.
The refineries themselvns use quanti
ties of coal, barrels, jute and cotton
bugs, bnnebluck, acid, auto trucks, de
liverv wr. 4io"nea. hnmeiwi feed
bi-'"m in ft the nurrhaseM of the
refieers THI the whoVn 4'in fif the
supply field. New Vork F.vening Post.
. s. '. -
Circut .ludire C. W. Ashford "-is in
ilnrwi! for renrtnolntmont t the an
nua! meetini', of the Bnr Association
of Hawaii held nn Wetlnesdav. The
following were eW.ted officers fo- the
coming year: K- M- Watson, nresident;
Alexmider Lindsav, vice-president : A.
M. Cristv, secretary, and K. White
Hul ton, treasurer. Bv motion passed,
the president will name dlegats to
the cnuiinp annual mnvention of the
American Bht Association. Dues of
member of the local association who
enter the war service of the country
w'M I"' remitted during such service,
and the treasurer was instructed tj
"in-linsc- IlifiO worth of Wur Savings
Stomps.
INCLINE railway between flumes. Transporting cane from
field to mill sometimes presents its difficulties. Here Is a case
at Maulua Gulch on Laupahbehoe Plantation where cane is trans
f erred From flume to railway to be carried up the incline to another
flume and proceed on to the mill.
sV5vA(;,.i!iu
V.
i v
Bumper Crop of Cane and Corn
In Sight and Difficulty Will
Be To Handle Them
NF.W OHI.EANH, July 7 A planter
in Ht, l.andry sume up the situation in
the augur district of Louisiana iu thia
one instance: ,"The question of gath
ering and saving our crops is our great
est problem." Another from Avoy
elles says: "The corn crop is the best
here in years. Bugar cane is also fine.
All crops better than in a number of
yems." And in the .meantime gov
ernment officials are being overwhelm
ed with appeals for help in the solution
of the Louisiana sugar industry's dis
tressing labor outlook.
With a i' ji ne ' crop showing a condi-t-i
'ir percent of perfect in July,
which is He v oral -points better than It
was early in June tnd the corn outlook
00 percent of the normal one with a
corn nvcnigo of. about 105 percent as
compared with the acreage Inst year,
thuse labor difficulties and the more
recent cane freight rate advance of
4wenty-live percent just approved by
tho I-ouittmtia Railroad Commission to
gether with the commencing fear that
cars nic not going to bo over plentiful
or even auttieiofit when the crop begins
to move to the factories in the full, be
come sources of grent discouragement
to the producers who had gone into
the fight to substantially, increase our
production sugar and com with great
vigor that Louisiana might contribute
her full h a re to the Nation's larder
this year. Kvery parish Bends in its
quota of wonderful crop reports and the
lowest crop condition average is found
in those parhea on the western end
of the belt where local droughts have
served to keep the crop down to around
better than normal by about four and a
half percent while Jefferson ainl J.n
fonrchc are just a little better than
normal with West Feliciana, West Ba
ton Rouge, St. Bernard, Kast Baton
Rouge, rimpieinine, Iborville, Iberia
aud Vermillion reporting perfectly nor
mnl cane ilh coin prospect a little
less favorulile.
- w. s. s.
FORMOSA EXPORTS
Kxports of sugar from Formosa dm
iug tho calendar year JSI17 amounted
to 4'iO,OL'( tons, nn increase of HMi.iiL'n
tons ocr tin' figurus for l'.l'ti, ni-no l
ing to u report on the trade of For
Hiohu transmitted to the Itepartnteut ot'
Commerce ft out Taihoku by Consul M
P. Kirjassolt. Eighty percent of the
total, or 7 . 1 tons, went to Japan,
as against ''sJ,.VI0 tons shipped to .hi
pan in 1 : ' 1 ' Exports to other coon
tries were: to Hongkong, ll'J.ln! tons,
nn increase ot -J7,S.'1H; to Cunndrt. to.
0i2 tons, tin increase of !M7i, to
China, ll,0"s tons, un increuxe of
:i,li:t:i; to Anslrulia, tons. :i ,e
crease of Jo. lull; to lmliu, -ii- ton,
uu iuriiUBC uf 7J'J.
..rjilLL:LJli. t .
LABOR PROBLEMS JAVA HOPING FQR
WORRY LOUISIANA AMERICAN MARKET
"1
;
i -f .
Immense Quantity of Last Crop
In Storage and New Crop
Is Soon Coming On
NEW YORK, July 7 With the in
'creasing probability that supplies from
sources at present available will prove
I barely sufficient to supply the needs of
; the Lifted Htates for the remainder of
HUM, even under the strict restriction
on consumption put into effect by the
I Food Administration at the beginning
i of this month, there has been a revival
of discussion in quarters interested in
I tln Fast Indian trade of the possibility
of mailing arrangements to bring a
i part of the huge accumulated stock of
'sugar in Java to this einiuliy.
Possible Plans Considered
I Consideration of possible plans to
this end has been eoufined entirely to
I unofliciul circles, so far as can be
I learned. There ha been nothing to iu-
tiinate that the Food Administration is
I giving serious attention to the project
as u possibility of the present, ami
I from sources in touch with Dutch offi
cial circles it j learned that the Neth
I erlunds (iovei iiineut has not deviated
1 from the policy maintained from the
beginning of the war, of keeping its
: hands off anil leaviug the Javanese pro
I ducer to struggle with his on market
I iug problem.
J lu trade circles, however, and espe
jfinlly among The representatives of
Dutch and Fast Indian lomincniul in
j terests, the possibility of finding a mar
I kct for a part of the Java crop in this
t country is attracting fresh it! ten t ion,
; and developments in the sugar situation
there are being carefully watched for
their bearing upon the prospects of
such an in niiigcinc ut. In this connec
tion keen interest is shown in the plans
of the Food Administration to arrange
i tor lar-'er shipments of sugar from the
Philippines to this country.
Ships the Main Difficulty
I The grent obstacle in the way of
making shipments to the Tutted .Status
is, of course, the luck of Mailtilde ship
ring, together with the high oi-ean
I freight rates prevailing. The Dutch
Fast Indian shipping Meet, well as
that of the Netherlands proper, has
I n depleted by the requisitioning
measures taken by the United States
ami (lieat Hi Main during the pa- l year,
i so that inter island service, as well as
that between the Dutch possessions and
I other countries, bus been mu. h ntr
I tailed. There is at present a legulur
weekly sen ice between ,ln.-i and Sun
Francisco, and a service fortnightly be
i tweeu Java and New York via I'timiina.
i The steamers plying on these mutes,
however, have no difficulty in obtaining
full cargoes of more pi ullta I.I.- freight
than mi r an. I, in fact, are untildc to
carry all the commodities of otlo i kinds
wluih ate offered.
CUBAN PLANTERS ! PHILIPPINE SUGAR '
TO SEEpT PRICE CROP TOBE MOVED
Take Steps At Meeting To Secure
Increase Under Expected
Contract For New Crop
HAVANA, June 27 The general
meeting of haciendado and colonos,
held in Matanr.as on June 23 to con
sider the questions of sugar prices and
lalxir for the eomiug crop, has been
the event of the week in the Cuban
sugar world. The gathering waa note
worthy ns the largest and most harmo
nious of the kind ever held in Tuba,
furnishing a marked Contrast in these
respects to that held in Havana last
full. Nearly 1500 persons, it is cti
matcd, where present in the Teatro
Mniito. where the meeting took place,
and the diseusion wa marked by the
greatest cordiality and by a unanimou
feeling that the producers must obtain
a higher price for the next crop if the
largest possible output is to be ob
tained.
Among those in attendance were
member of both houses of congress,
representative of many local organi
sation of colonos, owners and man
agers of a large number of sugar cen
trals, and numerous individual cane
growers. It ia estimated that the pro
ducer of 10,000.00(1 bags, or about
1,000,000 tons, of the annual Cuban
crop were present or represented at
the meeting. It was particularly note
worthy that the cane growers of the
central and western provinces were
more generally represented than those
from Oriente and Camaguey. It is in
these provinces, where the proportion
of eld lands in cultivation is greatest,
that the burden of present condition
is most heavily felt, whereas in Cama
guey and Oriente the growers are still
largely using practically virgin soil.
The general tone of the meeting, as
already stated, was most harmonious,
and it was observable that throughout
a unanimous dcaire was expressed to
take no action that would ciufli '
the aims of the government of Cuba
and the I'nited States or that would
not be in accord with Cuba' position
aa one of the nations allied against
Germany. There was no evidence of
a desire for exorbitant profits, but
only for an increase in the price set
for sugar sufficient to offset the he -expenses
of production under present
conditions, to assure a reasonable re
turn to the producer, with due consid
eration of the risks which he is obliged
to "incur, and so to justify the grower
in endeavoring to make the next crop
the largeat possible.
Committee Appointee1
The procedure derided upon as a re
sult of tho deliberations was the ap
pointment of a eomtnittee, to be known
as .the National Producers' Committee,
for the purpose of collecting facts and
figures relative to the results of the
past rrop and the losses sustained by
the producers and arranging them for
presentation to the authorities in the
I'nited States responsible for tho de
termining pf prices.
r- w. a. a.
DISCUSSION OPENED
WITHOUT ANY DELAY
At a conference held recently lit the
offices of the food administration, at
tended by (Scndr. Carlos Manuel Cen
pedes, Cuban minister to the I'nited
State, R. B. Hawley and Manuel Ri
nnda, special commissioners appointed
by the President of Cuba, (icneral II,
H. Morgan, formerly of the state de
partmeut and at present representing
the I'nited States food administration
in Cuba, and representatives of the
I'nited Htates government and the In
ternational Sugar Committee, plans for
the purchase of the Cuban crop, 1U1S
19 were discussed.
No definite conclusion were reach
ed, but the Cuba a commissioners have
been requested to submit a brief show
ing the cost of production of suar
in Cuba at the present time and the
anticipated increase in the cost of the
1018 IU crop as compared with the cost
of the preduction of the 1017 IS crop.
The purchase of the 1117 IS rrop
was arranged for by the International
Sugar Coaimittce last November, and
the crop was bopght at 4.00 basis f o b.
Cuba, which was equivalent to fi.005,
duty paid, landed iu American ports.
'No indication has been given by
those present at the conference today
as to the trend of discussion regarding
the prlre that will be paid for the
next crop.
The conference was adjourned to
meet within ten days, to consider
statements to be presented by the
Cuban commissi".
- W. 1. , V
''I haven't had. a good cup of cof
fee since I left Honolulu,'' is the
way A I v i 1 1 H. Mclnu, nu Island boy
with the Thirty fourth Fngineers at
Fort Hen Harrison, makes a plea to
' his father that he be sent some of
the Isluud berries. Young Mclnu is
the son of T. P. Melim, the superin
tendent of mails at the postohVc. lie
left here with the engiucer volunteers
for whom the "Aloha Parade" was
given.
Melim Senior has mailed Ins son
three pounds of the Island's best cof
fee. How the young volunteer is to
manage to have it cooked uud served
Lurline, Manoa, Persia Maru and
Justin Will Carry Balance
of the Crop ,
NEW YORK, July 7 With tbe pro
spect that sugar supplies front nearby
sources of production will be inadequate
to meet the full demand during the
final six months of the' year the food
administration and other governmental
authorities are displaying decided inter
est in the possibility of bringing Into
the Ameiiran market the balance of the
current Philippine rrop, Facts . about
Nu.ar, reports. The project of draw
iug npon thia distant field of Ameri
can production haa assumed increased
importance in view of tbe demands of
France, Italy, and the Americas army
abroad, which are heavier than waa
anticipated earlier in the year. ' '
Take Balance ef Crop
Plan 1 .cn carefully canvassed
in official circlea during the past two
week by which it is hoped that It may
be possible to bring to Pacific ports the
greater part and perhaps all of the
Philippine sugar remaining unshipped.
Oeorge H. Fairehild, of Welch, Fair
child and Company, Manila and New
York, has been i wnhjngton for sev
eral weeks as the representative of Phil
ippine interests, endeavoring to Ar
range for the movement ef varioua in
sular products needed in the United
States. Governor-General Harrison of
the Philippines also has interested him
self in the matter.' Through their ef
forts, which have been favored by cer
tain developments in the existing sit
uation, it is now believed that Philip
nine sugar will begin to reach Haa
Francisco in quantity during August or
September, and that this movement
will continue until the -hulk of tbe re
maining Philippine supply has been
transferred to various markets of the
I'nited States.
Freight Rate An Obstacle
One turn in the state of affairs that
has caused the federal authorities to
look with a more favorable eye upon
the proposal for bringing Philippine
sugar to thia market ia the improve
ment ia the shipping situation during
recent weeks. Another factor that has
helped has been the placing of copra
upon the restricted list. The-' most
seriout obstacle that remains to be over
come ia the high freight rate prevail
ing between Manila and San Francisco.
The official rate i 3 a ton, but 40 a
ton ia being demanded by steamship
companies, and it is asserted by Philip
pine producers that this rate, with pre
vailing high insurance charges, will not
allow a aet return sufficient to meet the
cost of production. It is expected that
this matter will receive the further at
tention of the. shipping board aad the
food administration, and that some eat
isfartory solution of the problem will
be reached either by the regulation of
tonnage rates pr in some other manner.
Four Thin Month
It is already decided that four steam
ships will leave for the Philippinca dur
ing the present month ami will return
with rargoea of augar and hemp. These
are the Lurline, Msndn, Persia Maru,
and Justin. The two former are con
signed to Welch, Fairehild and Com
pany, the Persia Maru to the Pacific
Mail Steamship Company, and the Jus-.
tin to the Dollar Steamship Company.
They probably will be able to transport
13.000 to L'0,000 tous of Philippine cen
trifugals on the voyage for which they
are now chartered, depending upoa the
proportions in which their cargo apace
is divided between hemp and sugar. '
According to latest advices received
from Manila the amount of Philippine
sugar available for shipment ia reandlr
175,00(1 long tons, of which approxi
mately 50,000 tons are centrifugal and
1 '.'5,000 tons are (museovadna. It ia b-,
lieved that first effort will be directed
to the transportation of the centrifugals
and that later on. If tonnage ia avail- .
able, the nnisrovedo will be brought
ovc?.
In view of the tentative plan of the
food administration to transfer to the
Atlantic seaboard a larger proportion
nf Hawaiian raw shipments than haa
been the practise in recent months, it
has been suggested that the Philippine
sugar might be refined on the Parifle
Coast. No defi"'- action haa been
taken in this matter, as the primary
concern is to find menus of moving,
the sugar to I'nited Stales ports.'
GETTING FOURTH LIBERTY
BONDS READY IN TIME
Bonds of the Fourth Liberty J.oan
are now being turned out by the thou
sands daily by the treasury's bureau
of engraving and printing. The bonds
are similar in form and design to those
of the third loan, and space haa been
leftnn each bond for insertion of the
exact terms of the bonds. '
It is believed that a sufficient num
ber of the bonds will be ready to make
possible immediate delivery of all bond
of the fourth loun as they are pur
chased. is a problem the boy will have to de1
cide, the father suvs.
Private Melim tells of all the coun
try he lias see in reaching his train
ing Kilt, but adds that noun of It la
equal tn Hawaii. The Island boy ex
presses the belief that if all the reat
of the world, which he expect to. see
later, is no better than what he has
seen already "Hawaii Is really the)
best place in the world."

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