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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, July 30, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-07-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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YESTERDAY'S TOTIITX'
U. 8. WEATHEB BUREAU
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voi- in. no. 6i -
HONOLULU, HAWAII TERRITORY, TUESDAY JULY 30) 191& SEMI-WEEKLY,
WHOLE NUMBER '4760"
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STEADY GAINS ON
Ai i ra A irb A nil iIitu!
AMERICANS IN LEAD
TODAY'S WAR MAP The new Soiisons-Rheimt front, thowinj approximately the ground gained during the pa at seventy-two
hours by the Allies. The indications are that the German retreat will not stop until the line of the Aisne is reached, which will
bring the Crown Prince back almost to the original positions froa which he launched his offensive of early May. Since leaving the
Aisne the Germans are believed to have lost in the territory covered by this map a total of nearly a quarter of a million men.
Flsmes Soon Under GunsBelieved All
German Positions South of the Aisne
Will Be Untenable Prussian GUard
Cannot Hold Sammies
PAKIS, July 30 (Associated Press) In a desperate,
all day battle, during which the German commanders
drove their shock troops against the Allies in repeated,
heavy, counters, the Franco-American lines were pushed
north from the Marne in a series of substantial gains.
The most .valuable ground was gained in the Oureq valley
and a few more successes such as' were made yesterday
will give the Allies possession of the strategically impor
tant heights of Hills 205 and 208, east of Grand-Rozoy, from which
their guns will command all the approaches to Fismes, seven miles
further to the northeast.
Fismes is the junction point for the Rheims-Soissons railroad
line and the only railroad feeding into what is left of the Marne
salient.
The heaviest fighting of the day was along that section of the
advancing line occupied' by the Americans, between the Ourcq and
Villers Argon, .Advancing east from Fere-en-Tardenois and north
from Cierges; W an ever-shortening arc the' Amer icansT swept, into
and through Sergy. ; : V:&.V-
To hold them and to prevent the breaking of the new German
line, frotn Fere-en-Tarderioia to Ville-en-Tardenois, across the width
of the salient, the Germans threw the fourth division of the Guards,
Germany's corps d'clite. This German counter was launched during
Sunday night, the advancing Americans and the charging enemy
smashing into each other to the south of Sergy.
The counter was met solidly by the Americans, who held their
ground in furious fighting, inflicting the heaviest losses upon the
enemy. In places the American line bent, but only to spring back
stronger than ever, throwing the guards back in shattered battalions.
CHARGE AND COUNTER-CHARGE
Again and again the Prussians countered and again and again
the Americana held them and repulsed them and advanced them
selves. Into and past Sergy the American line advanced, the little
village becoming the center of a swirling contest. Six times the
Americans captured it. Five times the German counters cleared them
back, but the sixth advance left the ruins in American hands and
the beaten Prussians withdrew from a hopeless task. Last night
the American line, here reaching the apex of its gains for the day,
was well to the north of Sergy.
The steady pressure that had been maintained against the Ger
mans in the Ourcq Valley throughout Sunday was continued yes
terday, the Germans being forced back from one attempted line to
mother. Several villages were added to the Allied gains, While to
wards the end of the afternoon, with a strong effort, a deep dent was
thrust into the German line, centering along the Fismes-Fere cn
Tardenois railroad. More than a thousand prisoners were taken dur
ing the day, while the advance everywhere was over ground thick
with German dead and seriously wounded.
RESISTENCE MUCH STIFFER
The German resistance all along the front was much stiffer yes
terday than since Friday and particularly desperate efforts were
made by von Boehm's forces to hold the ground east and north of
Fere-en-Tardenois. Every passage of the Ourcq was resisted and
numerous bridges had to be thrown across the river under fire, every
one of the regular bridges having been destroyed by the Germans
in their retreat. Onre aero the river to force, the French kept thrtmting the
Oormam back, their advance laat night leaving them in poBHcunioiof the woods
north of the village of Grand Roiioy, which vitiligo had buen captured earlier in
the day. Tbe Allies are now holding the heightH north of thin village and the
way in cleared for a further advance to the high ground of the salient, from
which FUmes and iti railroad connection may be dominated.
OAVALET PLATS A PAST
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-BREAK AWAY
Prussians Add Insult To Injury-.
By Seizing Turkish Cruiser
After Flouting Turkey'! , Claim :
To Black Sea Fleet Believed--Coercive
Measures Will ; Be -Used
To Hold Constantinople
Away From Attempting Sepa
rate Peace
BEHIND THE AISNE
Belief Prevails They Cannot Halt
Sooner London Press
Praises Americans
DILLON SUGGESTS THAT IRISH
QUESTION BE LEFT TO PRESIDENT
WILSON FOR FINAL SETTLEMENT
AGAIN SAY HUNS
Farther to the eaiit, the Allien have cromed the Ourci) in neveral placed.
Corbeuy farm, south went of Haponay, haw been captureil. Other towns and vil
lage regained during the recent fighting include ('ugny, where four hundred aud
fifty prisoners were taken, Bergy and Honcheres. Kach of these places was
powerfully defended and the fighting was heavy.
Karly in the day, before the south bank of the, Ourcq had been entirely
cleared of Germans, the Allies cavalry played an important part in the battle,
cutting off many German detachments ami harrying the retreat.
On the eastern side of the salient other important gains were made, the Al
lies reaching and clearing the high ground between the headwaters of the Ardre
ami the Ourcq rivers, which was the day's objective on that section of the but
tlelioe. Here, as elsewhere, the Germans burned the villages before retiriug.
AETILLERY VERY ACTIVE
The Allied artillery has been brought forward and numerous batteries are
now established north of the Ourcq, where the (Senium lines, camps and concen
tration centers are being continuously pounded. The German guns are also busy
and thousands of shells are being poured into the positions taken up by the AI
lies betweeu the Marne and the Ardre valleys. The Germans are using gas shells
liberally.
Along the northern section of the western line, Iwtweeu Iluleu anil Roiasons,
the onlv activity yesterday was that of the artillery.
All along the southern edge of the salient, wlier.e the Allied advance was ' Americans met tne oermans unesi regi
general, the flermaus suffered enormous casualties, the machine gun (Ire ngaiiiMt merits south of Sergy where they threw
their repeated counters being most effective. On this front the Krauco Americans back the entire fourth division of the
took two 0 inch fluid pieces and much ammunition, i guards in a desperate counter attack.
WASHINGTON, July :10 ( Assocint
cd I'ress) It is the opinion of the
majority of army men and military
oliscrvcrs that the Oormans can not
possibly establish a strong line of de i
fenati tictore 'they Teach )tho Veale
River. Kveu there it is doubtful if
a successful stand can be made for
the Franco American forces have posi
tious around Rheims which would
treaten the enemy's left flank. The
belief, therefor, prevails that the new
line will eventually be formed along
the A if tic heights, thus forcing them
ba I. to practically the position which
they occupied before the Aisne drive.
Reinforced by two crack divisions of
Bavarian guards the Teutons yester
day settled down to the heaviest re
sistauce which they have as yet of
fered to the American advance, was
the report received from the American
headquarters on the Aisne Marne front.
North of the Ourcq these forces ham
mered the Americana heavily but were
repulsed.
Bitterest Encounters
Kroni early morning throughout the
day the tide of battle shifted back and
forth through Hergy, southeast of
Fere en Tnrdenois and at nightfall, aft
cr the town nan cnangoa nanus a run
halt' dozen times it was in the hands
of the Americans last night. This
(lnhtini: was all at close quarters, the
bayonet and the hand grenade being
in almost constant use.
I'p to midday the Teutons had not
been able to force a recrosui ng of the
Ourcq sgainst the American forces.
Praised In Press
Commenting on the fighting of the
American force the press of London
says that the Americans stood like a
stone wall cleanly stopping, with the
heaviest losses inflicted, the whole
I fourth division of the guard, Germany's
finest troops, near Hergy.
Other London reports said:. "The
House of Commons Applauds
President's Name But Refuses
To Condemn Lloyd George For
His Policy Toward Erin
LONDON', July 30 (Associated
I'rcss) Former Premier Asquith pre
cipitated a debate on the Irish ques
tion in the house of commons yester
day. a debate in which it was pro
posed that a way out of the ever
recurring difficulty might be found by
referring the entire Home Rule matter
to the arbitration of President Wil
sou.
Mr. Asquith, interrogating the treas
ury benches regarding the progress be
ing made toward the settlement of
the Irish question, announced that the
British government, in the interests of
the Kmpire and of the cause of the
Allies generally, should find a means
of settling the Irish trduble.
This produced a resolution from John
Dillon, leader of tbe Irish Nationalities,
condemning the government's Irish po
licy, a motion that was decisively beat
en when it Anally reached a vote.
Mr. Dillon brought tha name of the
President of the United IStates into
the debate, advancing a suggestion that
the matter of finding a solution be
left to President Wilson and that the
American Kiecutive be asked to settle
the question as the accepted spokes
man for small nationalities. This pro
poxal of the Irish leader was well re
ceived by the house, the members up
plauding tbe mention of Mr. Wilson's
name.
Mr. Asquith said that the Hritish
could hardly eipect the American
President to undertake the task of
limling a middle ground for l.'lsterites
nnd Nationalists. Hp renewed his ap
peal for Lloyd George and his col
leagues of the government to try once
ngiiiu to settle the question.
Slipped Away From Ourcq and
Poor Franco -Americans
Knew Nothing Of It
EXPEDITION DISCUSSED
BY JAPANESE LEADERS
JAPANESE MINING HEAD
IS COMING TO AMERICA
TOKIO, July 2l (Hpeclal to Hawaii
Hochi) Premier Terauchi and the
nicimbcrs of his cabinet held an import
ant meeting this morning. Present were
Hayao Hhiniamura, chief of staff of the
navy; Gaisi Naganka, president of the
Japanese aero association; Zeko Naka
mura, director of the Imperial railways,
and C. Tanaka, assistant chief of staff of
the army.
It is understood that plans for the
Siberia expedition were discussed.
They stood like a xtone wall and in
flicted the heaviest losses. Despatches
from the front give ttiem high praise,
cxpccially the inai liini' gunners.
In his communique on the fighting
of Saturday General Pershing said:
"Met ween the Ourcq and the Marne the
enemy's resistance has been broken
and our troops, with those of the Allies,
are in pursuit."
In his report of the Sunday results
he said: "North of the Marne our-
troops continue the pursuit of the en
emv. We have crowed the Oureq and
I taken the towns of Serignes et -Nesles,
' Sergy and Hocheres "
TOKIO, July ifl (Hpocial to Nippu
.lijh -K. Kuhara, president of the Ku
luua Mining Co. of Osaka, Japan, is
on a business trip to the United -tales,
lie is expected to pas through llono
lulu within a few days.
The trip will be of importance as
several matters of mining propositions
will be taken up with mining author
itics of the mainland.
The Kuhara Mining Co. is the largest
mining concern in Japan.
MERLIN, via London, July HO (As
sociated Press) "Hevere attacks on
our new positions west of Fere en Tar
denois failed signally ami the eiicinv
teet with Banguinary losses," was thei
night official report from the office of j
tbe minister of war.
Day official reports admitted some '
ictirement when they said: "After i'ul
filling the task of our forefield guard-1,
we fell back to new lines in accord
ance with orders before strong enemy
attacks. At Kere en Tardenois aud to
the southward the enemy attacks were
repulsed. ' '
This statement admits that the Ger
mans evacuated their front line posi
tions between the Ourcq and the Andre
Rivers ami shifted their defense to the
region between Kere-en-Tardeiiois and
Lille en Tardenois on the nights of the
twenty sixth ami twenty aeventh, it as
sorts that "this was done without the
knowledge of the enemy."
w. a. a.
LONDON, July 30 -(As- '
sociated Press ) Rela s J
tions between Turkey and , ' V
Germany have been severed ?
according to an Exchange
Telegraph despatch, t b r- v "
warded by that agency's cor-; , :
respondent at Copenhagen ' . ;
who states that his report is '
founded upon "direct infor- :
mation from Constantino '
pie." - vv',
The report is given flifl credit '..''
in oraciat ana presi circle nere, . ,
at it -la known thaV the friction v v .
between Constantinople and Ber- ;, 1
4iiV-h-il-'--tev
in 'many ways, has.baen growing ,
until the feeling throughout Eu- V
ropean Turkey has become
strongly anti-German.
OBJECT TO VASSALAGE
The excitment in Turkey
against Germany has increased
vastly during the past three or
four weeks, coming to a climax
when Germany demanded that
Turkey turn over to her the crui
ser Hamidieh, formerly the Ab
dul Hamid, as compensation for
the cruiser Breslau, of the Ger
man navy, which had sotSght ref
uge at Constantinople and been
added to the Turkish fleet and
which was sunk recently at the
mouth of the Dardanelles in at
tempting to escape from a Brit
ish cruiser. Germany claimed
, that the Breslau was lost through
l Turkish negligence and demanded
that the Hamidieh be transferred
to the German flag.
PUBLIC BITTER
Vigorous protests against this
was entered by the Turkish pub
lic, despite which this finest crui
ser of the Crescent fleet sailed
from the Bosphorus for Sebasta
ol under the German flag and
was formally transferred to the
German Black Sea fleet, com
posed of the captured Russian
battleships and cruisers. As Tur
key had previously claimed this
Kussian fleet as her share of the war
priy.es taken from Russia and bar
claim hail been flouted, the practical
seizure of the Hamidieh inflamed the
Turks.
AGRICULTURE USES
MUCH PHOSPHATE ROCK
WASHINGTON, July 2 (Official)
Secretary of Agriculture Houston an
nnuni'cs that Tartu-ally all the tihc-
phate rock produced in the I'uited
titntes with the exception of a siiihI
amount used in the manufacture of
phosphorus is being used for agroiM
tural purposes. The United States has
the neatest resources of phosphate
rock nf any nation iu the world. The
production in 1W17 was 2,610,74.1 ton.
ith exports of :H,0U0 tous.
WASHINGTON, July 30 ( AssociiH
cd I'ress) - President Wilson VMtcrdav
ronferrt'd with Samuel (tompers, prcM
dent of the American Federation of l.n
lior, concerning new legislation rover
111 the matter of child labor, the re
rent Chilil Labor Act having heeii dc
i I a red unconstitutional by the Supreme
t ourt.
Mr. Dumpers savs that the President
is greatly interested in the matter and
desires such legislation as will tiling
into effect the provisions of the !nt
abortive law hut will lie framed " a
to meet the objections pointed out in
WASHINGTON CREDITS
REPORT OF BREAK
WASHINGTON, July :!()( Associat
ed Press) No official notice has been 1 1
received here of the breach reisjrted
iu press despatches from London be
tween Germany ami Turkey, but tha
news is widely credited. In official
circles here it is believed that Auitro
llungary is also involved in the dis
pute and will range herself on the
side of Germany against her Moslem
ally.
The despatches reporting a definite
break came here as no surprise, as it
1 has been known that Germany's ef
j fort to please both Bulgaria aud Tur
I key in the division of the Kussiao
I spoils -in-. 'coded only in illsiiluSsllit(
both nations, each of which believed
itself entitled to greatly more than It
was given. When Germany wavered
between the conflicting claims and
huallv awarded the lion 's share to Bul
garia, a feeling of anti Germanism
swept Turkey.
TURKEY IS WAB WEAET
Thin, with the war weariness which
Turkey has felt for many months, aud
the dissat isf act ion of the public wit'.
tlie court derision. The labor lea lei
i-l 'hat he expects legislation to lie j the extreme pro German policy or the
introduced when congress reconvenes j
next month. " 'Continued on Page 3,
,(.' -
. .',.', ,
jf ' ; '

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