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RODERICK Q.'MAniter EDITOR
JULY SO, 1918.
THE ADVERTISER'S SEMI-WEEKLY
The Week In the War
gy ERTAIXT.Y not since the beginning of the
(iernian ' supreme offensive" last March and 'heavily ri
... i . il , .1 . J Mr.' . . 1 :
prooamy not r r many weeps previous to that inensivr
1 1 in r liav llir atiwi't ivf fltr Wstrrn fnmt Lii , liiirht. I
5o distinctly in favor of the Allies as at this time.
More and more is it indicated that the tide has
turned. If the balance tn man power has not al
ready Swung to the Allies It will have so swiiii in
a few short weeks at most.
For two weeks past the main interest of the war
. has attached to the Aisne-Marne or the Soissons
Kheims se. tor of the western front where twp
weeks ao today the (Termans launched assanlts
on a sixty f e mile front. The first impetus of
this assault carried the enemy forward somewhat
but not to the extent of the advances made in the
opening Maijes of the earlier phases of the offen
sive. The check came miickly and then was
launched the Allied counter offensive and the su
perior strategy of General Foch has been clearly
demonstrated by the subsequent results.
Up to yesterday morning the Allies had recov
ered all of the terrain which the tiermans took on
"July 15 and 1 and in addition to this had recov
ered about a third of the pround lost to the t ier
mans in the course of their Aisne drive in Mav.
One week ago it was announced that I'och had
thrown Ins reserves into the combat and the mag
nitude of the victory was growing hourly. At that
time all that remained to the enemy of their earlier
Cains wa a s
j.piration to the Italian Miles. On that front there
were indication.- ,litriiio the week of ah attempted
offensive L tlx- u-irians. said to have been
nved by the tiermans but no such
1 1 In i .mie apparent up to Saturday
I ivntnio sector was indicated as the
probable -alicnt n it is launched.
In Albania the Italians and French are still scor
ing gains .mil iib.in.es m a country almost im
possible foi rapid military movements. The speed
of the movement ha - been lessened and last re
ports told ot i moie determined stand of the Aus
trians alone the uppc r emini River. In the moun
tainous eastern eonntrv where these lines extend
thev are more than ever menacing the enemy
forces in llnifana and heavy fighting in that sec
tor mav develop speedily nnless the enemy falls
w. . s.
Draft Law Workings
All lias had a chance to see the draft law
and it- working. The machinery has work-
id smoothly Inye as elsewhere. While past draft
laws were condemned the present law is generally
commended and on this subject the opinio of the
New York World is timely when it said:
Secretary Daniels in his Carnegie Hall address
referred to the Selective Draft l.avv as having been
administered "with a wisdom beyond the concep
tion of those who dratted it and advocated it."
This is nm ixccssive praise. Of all the war
activities of the 1'nited States, nothing has been
trip four miles in w idth and thirteen ; more extraordi iarv than the working of this law.
in length and in other parts of the salient more ( (( realize it. it is necessary only to remember
than that area had been won for the Allies. The; ,,c kind of Draft Act adopted by the Government
foe was slowly withdrawing northward. I during the Civil W ar and how it operated.
During the week the Allies have generally cut The present law is immeasurably superior in
ployed piueer tactics. Along the Ourcq the I every respect to the Civil War act, with its rank
Franco Americans have pressed steadily eastward , injustices and its open invitation to gross abuses.
until they were, on Saturday night, only about
three and a halt. rules from the important German
but nevertheless it would not have received such
(.verw helming public approval during more than
station of I ere-en-Tardenois. On the other side pit year of operation if it had not been carried out
of the pocket the Allies, and especially the Ilritish with so much tact and sincerity and intelligence,
pressed westward, tightening the mouth of the None of the oppression that its opponents pre
pocket, between Soissons and Kheims and putting i dieted has developed, and nowhere is the law more
practically all of that territory under the shell fire popular than among the soldiers who have come
of the Allies. into the army under its provisions.
Fast Monday the Allies crossed the Marne at I T here is no more illuminating instance of the
several new points and began pressing northward ! priceless value of exact justice and sound common
from its banks. Recognizing the threatening situ-j sense in carrying out a great military policy than
ation which confronted von lioehm's forces the i that furnished by the administration of the Selec-
rrown prince sent a call to Ruprecht for assistance
and reserves were sent south but this was met by
the sending of an equal number of reserves from
the Rritish front.
On Tuesday the Allies continued to press in
from all directions and to advance against the
Stiffening resistance made possible by the arrival
of German reserve forces. Especially along the
Ourcq were important gains made.
On Wednesday the British and Italians scored
their important gains on the easterly side of the
pocket mouth and the gun fire of the Allies doni
w. s. s.
Spain and the Pirates
IS negotiations with Spain for a . copimerciaj
agreement our Government has insisted that
commodities exported from this country shall not
go to Germany or serve German interests. Reports
that submarine pirates have obtained American oil
;;t Spanish ports have been considered. While
there mav be no proof that aid was thus given, our
Government asks that the Spanish authorities
irrated practically all of the pocket mouth. On the''11'11 prevent hereafter stub misti.se of petroleum
west Fere-en-Tardenois was being shelled.
On Thursday the pincer jaws were only a little
more than twenty and less than twenty-five miles
apart and on Friday still other gains were made
along the ( hircq Saturday found the enemy w ith
drawing northward more rapidly at a number of
points, the whole pocket, practically, being then
under the shell fire of the Allied batteries. Re
tirement w as difficult, and costly, to hold their po
sitions fully as difficult and nearly as costly at
first, probably far more costly later. On Friday
and Saturday especially, the enemy countered
heavily and achieved some gains but none of ma
jor importance. It seemed likely these counters
were men.! , designed to cover a retiring move-j
There weie indications on Saturday that the j
iiermans would launch assaults against the Hnti-di
further north in an effort to draw troops from the
Soissons -Rbeiins salient and thus relieve the pres
sure there. Such tactics are considered quite
probable, but the enemy finds its reserve force
materially reduced. It is said that sixty-five army
divisions were identified in the Aisne-Marne sector '' sl,;m'sh sailors hav
and that all reserves cxi-ent thirtv rliviirtw .,..-,. or abandonment ot
exhausted. This the Germans will have to tare
fully consider in their future operations for thev
now face an ever growing man power.
In April. May ami June more than 000.000
Americans went overseas. These men will soon
have had enmigh training to enter the fray, brigad
td with the French, the liritish and with our own
seasoned troops. Thus the Germans face an in
creased army, larger by half a million men, within
the next three months at longest.
Along the .south side of the Ourcq American
forces have progressed throughout the week and
have won further honors for themselves and their
country, the, French meantime advancing on the
northerly bank. Further south, to the North of
Chateau Thierry the Americans have pushed for
ward ten miles, rendering .superb service. In
other sectors nierieans have been brigaded with
and fought shoulder to shoulder with the French.
me menu oi me American soldier, the morale oi ( ;,iii, piom,,t, i
the American armv hnc K.i nr. I X.. ...... ' i i i .1 . .
; ,V. j-.vy.v...
is there the possibility of a question as to eitlui
They know what they can do and quite as import
ant the Allies know jusl what can be expected ,,
,them, the very best, all that is demanded.
On the Italian front, also, American soldiers
ytow in the fighting, their arrival being annoutn
on Saturday. There the American troops are st
jytry sinaTl in numbers but their presence is an in
received m accordance with the terms ot an agree
ment. Tor a long time orwav was sending to Ger
many the nickel used in making the torpedoes
which sank hundreds of her ships. W'e hope it
can be proved that Spain has not given essential
supplies to those who were cutting down her mer
chant marine. A list compiled and published at
Madrid three weeks ago -hnu-. that seventy-eight
Spanish merchantmen have been destroyed by
submarine torpedoes, (hie of these, sent to the
bottom not long ago, was the ardinero, a neutral
hip carrying gram for the people of neutral Switz
erland. Alter the long list was printed, a subma
rine attacked without warning the steamship
Maria l'ia. killing her captain and one sailor with
a shell I '.ut the vessel reai hed a Spanish port.
I he Madrid government de-ires to convince our
War Trade Hoard that in no vvav has it violated
neutrality. It may say that Spain's, marine losses
might have suggested reprisals in assistance given
to (icriuany 's i(K-s. Iut 11111-t it not admit that the
sinking of seventy eight ships -,nd the murder of
been -ulluient provocation
uctitiaiitv and ;i declaration
of war' New York Times
W. S. 8.
A I PASSING HOUR
k London. It will
sort of place," re
" The cafeteria habit has stru
soon be a regular l.os Angeles
marks the l.os Angeles 'Times
And we had thought I .out
enough and t, 10 much alreadv
I he kaiser lias refused an audience to v on Lux
burg, former ambassador to rgentine, sav news
despatches While ii..thm.' mi, . eeK like success
equally nothing tails like fail' re. and besides it is
d m venient p ha v e a gnat ban, I v .
ililoinia is l.M.kii
t , ifkers in It - imp
W hile I
abor and 1
a 1 a 1 'in and
ra 11c I
uld not In , i el l, 1, k
imist certain! v put t bei
1 st en la 1 1 1 report
in t he ai niv as
t hem separate I, i 1 1
con t a 1 1 1 i 1 1 .1 1 , , I I, v asso, 1.1 1 1
dier who lias raped ami
much ol I ram e.
I I Ii
r light rule
cut 1.1I class.
i 1 1 1
I'- His 1 , 1 n-e Con
11 11 T' all means
1 1 n might beet line
1 with the onluiarv sol
1 ! 1 '" d Tn Igmm and
A. Lewi Jr. of the Bank af H
waii Appointed a tni'trft of tb
1-ibrnry of Hawaii ?tMny Hn Alt
vsranry rrrat1 hy to miring Into
active wrvlr of Capt. John K. Oalt,
g. m. b. c. ,;v, ( ,
Beranae a new brirtjja. In being built
acroM tin Walkakalaua ChiVn "on th
svhofleld Jtarrarktj road, Oivuty .Kn
gitii'or flui Cantin aak that ,tb auto
traffic tak Mtrrtrit eautlun Mii " ap
proaching, tb gutek. ,
A aperiat anncting of thr Chrialian
K.mleavor foctety at Kanmakapili
Church, Palama, will bo held at Mvn
thirty tonight in tha .church parlor.
Oftfpra of the national guard began
a campaign yeatfrday to fnliat re
cruit for the battalion of Infantry
and ithe roaat artillery compnnic to
be maintained in, Honolulu.
Gonrge letaailci; Bralrr vra ypatrr
day rommiealoned a flrrt lieutenant of
the dental aervlo of the army, under
ordera received at department head
quarter -front the. ''war department.
Lieutenant Bralcy baa been a practic
ing drntiat' In Honolulu for aeveral
veara, and ha office tn the Ronton
The Inter Inland Navigation Com
pany'a half inSllioa-dolliir coal con
veyor wa given it flrxt trial Hatur
dny and Honday ' when X00 ton of
If ah eon) wa taken from the hold of
a ahip. It worked aud-cMfully, the
Inter Inland official report. The eoii
veyor 1ia a capacity for unloading
2000 ton ft day.
TV. . a.-
Hawaiians Pine For
Camp 60 Mainland
Miss Their Poi But Would Be Sat
isfied With Guitars and Uku
IWes, Says Letter Received
From Volunteer Engineers
There are two thiaga a real Hawai
ian caR .not - get along well without
poi and ukulele. : But if he haa the
one he can manage to exit without
the other. The fix of tho Hawaiian
boy who enlisted in the engineer, who
were given' Honolulu' "Aloha Par
,e" aendoff a few months ago, and
are now in Camp Humphrey, Virginia,
ia that they' have neither.
A loud wail has come all the way
f-ni the camp to Honolulu asking for
ukuleles and guitars.
It ia a real appeal from Hawaiian
boys. They are a happy lot eren so
far away from hooie, and for the firat
time in their lives, too, but the Hawai
ian boy ia bappieat when he ha hi
little, inconspicuous, but exceedingly
melodious ukulele handy.
Furthermore the Hawaiian-boy are
always expected to -play1 the ukulele
wherever they go.- ''ThM men in the
army 'camp believe that -'ft Hawaiian
boy ia not a real HawaMan 'nlear he
plays the ukulele an& dance the hull
The island boys at Camp Humphrey
want to keep up to the reputation.
They will get along Without poi, if
only some of our philanthropic Hono
lulann will, send them the "music. "
Private John B. Kaahunalii, Com
pany M 5th T. S. TraJo Engineer,
Camp Humphreys, Virginia, write to
a friend here, makinfhe1 Uppeal. Aa
he mentions the mayor several times,
the mayor will be willing to help as
semble the "ukes. " Private Kaahu
nalii 's letter, dated July fi, is as fol
lows: "We have no musics here and would
be very much obliged if you ' would
send two guitars (Bruno) and three
ukuleles. W'e arrived at Camp Hum
phreys, Virginia, Jnly 4, after travel
ing aix days on the train, from Fort
" Kxtcnil my grateful aloha to His
Honor the Mayor of Hawaii, J. -T.
Kern, ami tluinking you beforehand nnd
awaiting piitiently your reply, etc."
" P.S.--There lire five boys that went
over the top already
Lieut. Herriek C. Brown, .formerly
of Honolulu, and it Puaahou and ; YaJ
man, is now on service at Camp Lewis.
.Gilbert Canario, formerly with the
Bishop Bank, ha enlisted in the Hignal
Corps at Hchofield Barraks. He is the
aon of Mr. and Mr. J. H. Canario, of
, Lieut. Kdward E. T. Kan, a former
Honolulu boy, Is now stationed at the
base hospital at Camp Dix, New Jersey.
He was attending Harvard University
when war ws declared, and immedi
ately dropped his itndies to enter the
Mrs. H. ForVt and her two daughters,
Kva and Babs, are expected bere soon
from the East. Miss Eva Focke ha
spent the past (IV or six, years aboard
with .relatives, principally in England.
Ellwpod E. Heinle, assistant press
ma of The Advertiser, was among the
new draftee tent to tha mobilization
camp at Fort Armstrong yesterday.
- w. a. a. 1 .
HEAD TAX ON COAST
FROM A PATRON
Tli re,, little girls each had received
11 iler Kpoou ns a Christinas gift.
"Mini' I111-, 'From Your Papa' ou
the liamlli', 1 ' nuiil Georgia.
"Mine nays' 'To My. Loving Daugh
ter chimed Margaret.
''Ami mine," said Mabel, proudly,
"says 'Hotel Amlitoriuir ' "'
Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph.
San Francisco Immigration Au
thorities Think Hawaii Foreign
Country, Says Henry Walker
Henry K. Walker, proprietor of the
Walker Rice MSI, who lias lived in
Hawaii for more than thirty years and
ha always considered these islands his
home, is of the belief that the immi
gration authorities in San Francisco
look on the Territory ns h foreign
Mr. 'Walker made a trip to Sun Fran
Cisco recently and when answering the
questions generally put to incoming
passenger by the immigration author
ities upon the arrival of a steamer at
San Francisco, he stated that he was
British born but had made his home
in Hawaii for the past three decades.
Despite the fact that he showed posi
tive documentary proof to this effect,
Mr. Walker said that he wa obliged
to deposit an immigration head tax
iu just the same manner as other in
coming passenger who wore arriving
on the steamer from Yokohama and
other foreign Oriental ports. '
"I told the officer," said Mr. Walker,
"that Hawaii was a territory of the
United States and 1 was of the be
lief that one could travel between Ho
nolulu.and the mainland the same as
you could between New York and San
Francisco, but my argument had no
effect. I wns told that tho law was
the law and that if 1 wanted to lain!
in San Francisco I would have to de
posit a head tax or remain on the
Forthwith I paid over the required
eight dollars, which was refunded to
me later on my leaving the country
for Honolulu. I believe that the law
stipulates, that if an alien leaves Amcr
iea within six month of his arrival,
thehead tax i refunded. . When I had
completed my arrangements with the
Immigration officials I asked them if it
would be necessary for me to pay an
other head tax to go from San Fran
ciaco to New York, but iceeived no
reply to my query."
. . . M
i Vul1 flFFFflM
Is II II VL.I L-liUU "
w. s. .
SCIENTIST EAGER 10
ENTER ARMY SERVICE
Age You To Soon
Too many folks begin- to suffer after
mid, lie age with lame, aching buck,
distressing kidney disorders and rheu
matic aches and pains. Often this is
due to faulty kidney action and there
is danger of heart - trouble, dropsy,
gravel, hardening of the arteries, or
Bright ' disease. Don't let weak kid
neys uge you. t'se poan '', Baekaaho
Kidney l'ills. They ljpvve restored thou
sands to vigorous eouffition-.
" When Your Buck is Lame Bemem
her the Name." (Don't simply ask for
a kidney remedy ask distinctly for
Iiohii 'm IWkuehc Kidney l'ills and take
no other i. I loan's Backache Kidney
rills are sold by ull druggists and store
keepers, or will be mailed on receipt of
Hswniinn Inlic,)" ( Advertisement)
price hy the Hollister Drug Co., or
Hensou - Smith t Co., agents for the ,
An example of true blue patriotism
was displayed yesterday when C. R.
I'enibeiton, who is in charge of . the
.fruit fly section of the bureau of ento
mology of the I'nited States Kxperi
ment Station, appeareil before the selec
tive draft lion r, I to be inducted into
military service, for he not only had
waived ull exrnnption, but secured the
permission of his department to enter
the service as a private soldier.
He registered under the selective
draft service last year and was placed
in OIhbn .1, owing to the nature of his
work ith the fcdeial bureau here. He
is also married and Iihk a child.
Notwithstanding this he wrote to
the Washington hendyuarters o fhi de
pnrtiinent asking fur special permission
to be released for army service, saying
that his assistant, who is not eligible
for the draft, was capable of carrying
on the important uiirk. The desired
permiHsiun was received on Saturday
and he immediately made his appear
ance before the local and medical hoards
and will he inducted on July HI. He
will utilize today nnd tomorrow to
dose up important work which he was
handling for the local experisnent sta
Mr. I'emberton is a graduate of Stan
ford I'niversity and is also president
of the Hawaiian Entumolokieal Society.
During his official connection with the
federal bureau he has done some very
important work on parasite.
w. a. .
DRAFT CALL PROMPT
Out of one hundred and thirty men
called to duty yesterday afternoon by
Local Dour, I No. '2, one hundred und
ten responded, and were sent to tho mo
bili.ation camp at For Armstrong.
One him, Inxl and thirty more have been
ordered by the same board to report at
the hi mi, ii v (his afternoon at two
0 Y,i, k.
Venter, lay's contingent wa sent to
the camp about four o'clock and will
be given a stiff medical examination to
day ami by this afternoon, all who are
not rejected will be in uniform.
The draftees sent to the camp Sun
day afternoon liv Local Hoard No. 1,
were put in uniform yesterday after
The first contingent of Big Island
draftees will arrive this morning. They
will be given a brief examination at
the armory by surgeons and sent dowu
to Fort Armstrong. '
Case of Miss Flynn and Her Fol
lowers Soon To the Jury So-
cial System Been On Trial
CHICAGO, July Irt The defense in
the esse of the I. W. V. leader being
tried here is practically concluded and
the: jury will have the fate of the dp
fendsnts in its hands very soon.
The' fate of the syndicalist movement
in America, the government contended,
rested oa the outcome of the trial of
101 leaders of the Industrial Worker
of the World for conspiracy to disrupt
the nation's war program, which be
gan in federal' court here on April 1
nefore Judge Keneshaw Mountain l.an
The indictment against 165 men and
one woman, Klizabeth Ourley, Flynn,
returned by the September, I1fT,:gTOnd
jury, charged the practise of sabotage,
including the slowing down of produc
tion and the wanton spoilage of mater
ial, propaganda for strikes to delay
the output of war munitions,-and cov
ert intrigue against military service.
Forty of the indicted leaders, sensing
the government's intentions after the
sensational nationwide rnld and con
gestion of records on September 5,
preceding the indictment, fled from the
country or went into hiding and es
caped capture. Miss Flynn and two
other defendant were granted separate
trials, and the charges against a num
ber of others were dismissed for lark of
Five Counts of Indictment
The five counts in the Indictment
specifically chsrged violation of the
espionage act, the section of the crim
inal code prohibiting interference with
the civil rights of citizens, the selective
service act, the conspiracy statue and
the postal laws. The maximum penaltv
for conviction on all five count is 31
in prison and 10,000 fine.
From the first day .when the group
of, defendants, some wearing long
beardk, the flowing tie of the poet,
or sporting fancy waistcoats, filed int
court under heavy guard, until fina'
summing up tn the jury, the defense laid
special stress on the contention that th
I.W.W. had no interest whatever in
"Our social system is on trial," a
serted George F. Vanderveer, chief
counsel for the defense. "The T.W.W.
is concerned wholly in one aim the
betterment of social, conditions. This
aim is sought by industrial instead of
Witnesses from All Over
From all corners of America the gov
eminent summoned witnesses to sub
stantiate charges that the I.W.W. creat
ed a reign of terror in every section
where the organization boasted
strength, that the members were under
pledge to wreck industries throu.h
the practise of sabotage, that the es
tablished laws were over riden and
that after America began war on Ger
many a general conspiracy to upset tha
country's war plans was entered into.
"The I.W.W. was in fact a 'gov
ernment within a government' and was
ruled over by its swivel-chair king,
William D. Haywood, general secretary
treasurer," said Frank K. Nebeker.
chief prosecutor, in addressing the jury.
"The I.W.W. red flag of industrial
freedom is only a mask for the red
flag of lawlessness. Their own mem
bers have testified that the organiza
tion's policy is to continue waging war
on industries until the employers throw
np their arms in despair. Then will
the I.W.W. rise up, according to their
plans as outlined by witnesses, take
possession of the earth nnd its ma
chinery nnd thereafter rule the world."
Anti-draft and Sabotage
With witnesses aud correspondents
Mr. Nebeker sought to show that dur
ing the early months of the war Hay
wood and other leaders directed a cam
paign against the selective service net
and other war measures from the Chi
cago general headquarters.
Special attention was given the sub
iect of sabotage, or direct action, and
for nearly a month Claude H. Porter,
special prosecutor, and Mrs. Nebeker
rend into the records I.W.W. printed
matter and correspondence for the guid
ance of all workers, from the humblest
servant to the plant superintendent.
Included in this great mass of evidence
were instructions for bringing about
railroad congestion by the missending
of freight, the wrecking of saw mills
hy driving spikes in timbers, the de
struction of fruit orchards by placing
copper tacks in the trees and the spoil
uge of grain by stacking shocks upside
down. Hardens in some districts were
planted bo thnt the foliage formed the
HI Jack Methods
Many of the 14l witnesses called by
the government, some of them former
I.W.W. members, told of "Hi .Tack,"
or strong arm methods of the organize
tion, which included the intimidation
of authorities in small communities.
Sheriffs and police chiefs were locked
in their own jails in some Instances for
opposing, "wobbly" armies or failing
to make proper provision for their
care, it was testified. '
"Hi-Jack" tactics also were used
to increase membership, nrording to tcs
tiinonv. " Scissors Bills", or non mem
bers, were thrown from trains, lock,t in
sheds und in one California fruit district
were stripped of their clothing, tied
over barrels, placed in a small stream
of cold water and beaten with barrel
staves until they, consented to become
members, it was testified.
To this and other testimony the de
fense replied that the organization
not responsible for the nets of indivi
dual members, that violence was never
advocated liv Haywood. Vincent St.
John, his predecessor in office, and
Mie meinlicrs of the executive board.
Wben Babctaee Helna
"If vou were buving sonic silK fioin
a drvgoods clerk who happened to lie an
'" W." said Mr. Vanderveer in speck
intr to the .pirv on saliotaye. " wool I
that clerk be doing you and the pulili"
in general a rong to inform vou tha'
his employer hail mixed ground metal
into the silk to' give it more weight?
To so inform you is practising sabotage
SUBSIDES A BIT
Call " For Volunteerg Brings To
j End Anti-Conscription "
DtTBLItf, Jury 10 (Associated PrsJ
The agitation against conscription
hna relaxed - in , ace of t)ie. proclama
tion calling for. voluntary, recruits,, and
no attempt to apply the dra(t J antici
pated before October ,and then only in
the event of a conspicuous failure to ob
tain the necessary men by enlistment.
he' suppression bf illegal" drilling
proceeds daily "and is greatly' helped
by the warning of the government that
if it continue they will declare the
counties i affected - special military
srens. ' The Irish people have been
lfiitk. td.Tealir' fhat thu .extension of
such area would greatly facilitate the
application of conscription, and advice
is everywhere being given to the young
men to avoid assembling In military
formation. A enrioua feature of the
prosecutions is the number of instance
which reveal the fact that the accused
have brothers or other relatives, some
times two or three now serving in the
army in France.
None of the Sinn Feiners arrested
at Whitsuntide, imprisoned under the
defense of the Realm Act, ha so far
taken advantage of the provision which
enables them to appeal against their
imprisonment. To some of those who
protested sgainst their .continued in
carceration without trial, it was point
ed out that a trial in some leading
instances might mean a conviction, that
a conviction on such a charge carried
penalty of death, and that the accused
might be better satisfied if their
friends, instead of interfering left,
them to the1 slighter punishment of in
ternment. The immediate purpose of the govern
ment is to make a success of its re
cruiting rnmpaign. The work ia done
by civilians drawn from ail political
parties, the most notable of whom is
Sir Horace Plunkett. Local eommittees
will be formed on this principle in
every district. Pro-Ally propaganda,
hitherto totally neglected, will be un
dertaken and an attempt made by suit
sble literature to explain to the Irish
people the real issues of the war. The
Associated Press is informed by a high
official here that it is the intention
to bring American troop to Ireland.
The visit of the Canadians last year
proved some stimulus to recruiting, and
it is felt that the presence of American
troops would bring vividly home tn
the Irish mind the part which Ameri
ca is taking in the war, and remove
the too prevalent impression that this
is an English war in which Ireland has
w. a. s.
WArrrs young aviators
ROM K, July 11 Congressman Ln
(tuardia, of New York, commanding
the American aviation uuit in Italy,
while leaving Rome for the Italian
front, was shown a telegram announc
in the death of John l'urroy Mitrhol.
I .a Muardia grew pule, apparently grief
stricken, and said:
"This is indeed too bad. It is a
great loss to he service for we need
men iu the air service who had such
vast experience and great executive
ability as Major MHtchel.
"I sent word to my friends mouths
ago that Mitchel had no business fly
ing. No men over twenty seven should
attempt to learn to fly at this time.
It is a voting man's game. I speak from
personal experience. At my school I
had my doctor take a man off my
flying list because he was thirty four.
No waivers should be granted to anv
person who has reached the age limit
when fixed by uir service.
"What happened to Major Mitchel is
a lesson, but indued a very expensive
one. Mitchel could have been u greut
help to us with his splendid ability
und experience. I can not tell you
how badly I feel."
When La (iunrdiu was reminded of
his own aye he walked away impn
tientlv and did not reply. Mr. Iji
Ouardia is in his thirty sixth year.
HIGHER ESTIMATE ALLOWED
FOR HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION
East Liverpool, O. Efforts to se
cure bids for the construction of one
mile of Lincoln Highway iu Ht. Clair
township, Columbiana County, failed,
due to the fact that the sum origiuaally
allowed in this connection did not prov
i,le for the rapid increase in cost of
material and labor. The original esti
mate was (i.11,0()0; a new estimate has
been provided by the County authori
ties, calling for the construction of a
1(1 foot brick monolithic highway, for
which t"8,8O0 ia allowed. In this ainouat
is included a sum tor (be construction
of one short concrete bridge upon tho
against the employer. Yet it is aiding
humanity. ' '
Some of the score or more defense
witnesses testified that while the I.W.
W. was strongly opposed to the draft
uct they did not enter into u conspiracy
to oppose it, nnd that strikes about
the country were Intended only to iui
prove working conditions and had no
Innring oi the war.
Judge I.andis permitted defendants
to deliver from the witness stand
speeches they niMile from soap boxes
and other improvised platforms during
the i arly weeks of the war. J. T.
I" Third Hail Ited") Durun, one of the
leaders on the Western Coast, made an
impassioned address which continued
The prosecution concluded its case
ou June i?L
... , i , ' .