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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, August 13, 1918, Image 5

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-08-13/ed-1/seq-5/

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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 13, 1918. SEMI -WEEKLY.
McCANDLESS
RECORD ATTACKED
IN SUPREME :COURT
V
"Mort dnurtle
kM boot! PMM4
uovarnmeni
appaxetruy i tu net ret
challenge! fa the court. That U
ft racord. ol which. Arnicas may
m proud.' Thej ansn viable, dla.
ttOB of befog tho loader liutv
Umpt to defeat imch legisutloa
mm to (mi reserved fot
tha defendant (I I . HcCand
lesa, Democratic caadidato for
nomination as dotefat to con-'
croH) la thla mm. Of M Ha
waii cannot bo proad."
In decisive refutation of th stand
taken by Lincoln L. " MoCandles, ean-'
didiite for the Democratic nomination '.
for delegate to eongreta,'ln hla attaek
in the territorial auDreme court unna I
through authority delegated by the tot- I
ritorial legislature, to lis food prleee,
particularly of Hawaii grown riee, the
Territory of Mawatl,'by City Attorney
A. M. Browa and Firat Deputy Attor
ney A. M. Cristy, with BobUna B. An
derson as special attorney, leaves the!
.11 I '
nii. cu wouia-De rooa pronieer not even
a legal wooden leg to balance himself
upon.
Dealing with the aiz reserve ques
tions at law, submitted to the supreme
oourt, counsel for the Territory in a
most comprehensive brief accentuate
the "unenviable" effort of the woold
bo Democratic candidate to make void
the rules of the territorial food com
mission. In this respect the very first
paragraph of the brief says:
"Unenviable Distinction"
'The main question presented to this
court, to-wit, the validity of legisla- i
tion regulating rood prices, bas not yet i
been adjudicated by American eourta.
At least after a earefnl search of the
recent decisions wo have not been able
to And any eases on tke point, and the
failure of the attorney for the de
fendant to cite any such cases in' his
learnerjand able belief confirms ua in
the belief that none are vet to be
found. Most draatie food legislation
has been passed by the federal gov
eminent and by States, but apparent
y tba Fedarei I , -v gT V inot forbidden.
tod by' iutM,'Mii i r i i V i ' I anTrum
ly it haa not yet been challenged in "w that they can take snsr cargoes
the eourta. That ia a record of which' away front kere, aa well as bring down
Americans may be proud, -The unen- freight, theif use appears to be worth
viable distinction of being the loader while. They are arriving and depart
in an attempt to defeat such legisla-1 ing frequently.
tion seems to. have been reserved fori "The barges are all ripht in good
thedefendant in this case. Of this Ha-, weather, but I have my doubts about
will cannot he proud." (their. use In winter. It remains to
Continuing, the brief citea the fact be seen whether they can be used sue-,
that food regulations have become al-' eeesf ully - In bad weather."
most universal throughout the elvilia-1 The Inter Island president then ad
ed world and have been found to be vanced the .thought that be believe!
most necessary and beneficial, and more, dependence could bv placed in
then it asks: i the f utare nee of tke small wooden
"Is onr government so handicapped .
that it cannot da what all other got'
ernmenta are doingt"
Police Power Sufficient
In answering this question counsel
for the Territory assert that the police
power of the Territory is elastic and
adaptable to the needs of the people 'as
they arise from time to time, also that
this power ean he exercised much morel
drastically during war than in peace,
ami will amply suport the legislation
and regulation attacked by the defend-!
'
The brief calls attention again to the
fact that there are ao cases dealing
with the validity of food legislation,
but that there are many authorities
dealing with other questions involved.
The brief then proceeds to take up
each of the six questions at law based I
....... .. 4 m.. v. n . ,l.
u,.ui. ,.,.. cuv ui "
territorial and federal statutes aa to
rights of regulation by the larger ami
leiwer Kwer, citing many decisions in
support of the presumption of right in
the passage of a law backed by police
power, by a legislative assembly.
In this respect the Territory in its
brief explains that it will have to go
outside of the United Ktates to find
authority dealing with the vslidity of
food legislation, anil cites one author
ity from Australia, as follows:
Australian Authority
"One power but partially exercised
as vet and which has not been the
subject of adjudication is the regula
tion of food supply and prices. A case
lias, however, arisen in Australia, un
der a constitution similar to ours,
which the court decided largely on a
citation of American authorities.
In that rase it appeared that a
conviction was hal for violation of a
regulation fixing the maximum price of
bread. It was contended that the war
power extended only to matters direct
ly contributory to the prosecution of
I lie wsy and did not authorise social
or industrial legislation. The Court
fluid:
" 'As I read the constitution, the
Commonwealth when charged with the
duty of defending Commonwealth and
states is armed with a pow
er which is commensurate with the
peril it is desigued to encounter, or as
that peril may appear to the Parlia
ment itself; and if ueed be, it ia a
power to command, control, organise
and regulate, for the purpose of guard
ing against that peril, the whole re
sources "f the continent, living ami In
ert, and the activities of every inhab
itant of the Territory. The problem
nf national defense is not confined to
operations ou the battlefield or the
deck of a iiiuii of war; its factors enter
into every phase of life anil embrace
the cooperation of every individual
with all that he possesses, his proer
tv, his energy, his life itself; and in
this supreme crisis we ran no more
H"er the requirements and efforts of
tlic civil population, whose liberties"
mi l possessions aro at stake, from the I
movement of our soldiers and sailors
ho are defending them than we ean
i lit sway the roots of a living tree and
bid it still live and hear fruit do
prived of the sustenance it needs '. "
8 '"lmtng Up Brief
In summing up its Irrief of over
twenty pages the Territory claims
Hint:
''Food regulation laws inciuunig
ii'iui- tixing are proper and rightful
' RICE
4 t I
i mwy mr-j ro exercise or
police power and not of war power i
In. a. ! . .
taax congress) ha power to mipercedo
oor legislation, "bat that the Hawaiian
statute and regulation In question, not
being inconsistent with federal legis
lation arw alld.
In conclusion counsel for the Terri
tory tart :, , '; x
"We hopo and- Wie that this
court will, feel : justified -tin holding
alid both the. Hawaiian statute and
the food commission regulation at
tacked by the defendant, and will an-
fwer. the Brat live reserved questions
J the ..,iv nd ' be
.
- w. a. a.
Wooden Vessels Will
a n '
NAiVA Nflf f)fltf1l
1 J.i .MM'f'i""b
Inter-Island President Pins His
Faith To Them Rather Than
To parrjea New Craft Are
Giving Satisfaction, He Asserts
Building and equipment of more of
the wooden steam vesaeN' now in use
in tnB Tatine ate looked to to solve
the shipping problems of this ocean
rather than is the use of barges, as
planned by Ran Franclsen shipping
men, thinks Jsmes Kennedy, president
' Inter Island NavigMiou Com
. 1
8aa Francisco newspapers arriving
here recently told how new towini;
equipment made it possible to use bii(
barges for long1 voyages, ni.d how It
waa planned to move murh of th-i
Pacific cargo la this manner.
When,, questioned as to what he
thought of. the possible surress of this
plan, Preeidet Kennedy xnid:
"The UsVbf bars-M is bv no means
a new .thing' la the Honolulu service.
steamers, which ara.oow boeoming, a
distiactlv -type - on 4he Pnelfle, - He
savs they now are dapplying the Inter.
Island with the necessary oal ahip
menta-fpr its bunkering business, and
that none . of the discouraging feat
urea encountered with onie of the
first shipping- board Vessels built is be
inp developed in these ships.
The allusion, it appeared, was to
the fact that some of the ships first
rebuilt or built on the .Pacific Coaot
seemed to aonsqme pearly, aa much
coal, for a rouni . trip. .Voyage aa they
were capable of carrying one way.
There wow .also, other troubles last
v.,f itB vessels like the Boston and
fjacrameoto, possibly because of enemv
actiTity, which now aeems to be elihv
looted
p'ident Kennedy end.'d with tin
y. .
conclusion that he thouant the build-
ing and use of more of the wooden
steamers eventually would take care
of Pacific needa for eafo carriers.
w. a. s.
WASHINGTON, July 28 (Associa
ted Press) American government offi
cials are interested in the announcement
from I.I ma that Pern haa ordered a
census to be taken next year. Rtatis
tics of population and industries in
South America are vague and unrelia
ble for the most part, aa ho census has
been taken in some of the countries
for many years.
According to information received
here the 11)19 ceusus will be fairly
complete and based to great extent
upon the recent census of the United
States, although the classifications will
not include as many items as have been
included in this country.
"Blue; Spells Means
Bail Kidneys?
kVasAvy-
"Blue," worried, half sick people
should find out the cause of their trou
blea. Often it is merely faulty kidney
aotion, which allows the blood to get
loaded up with poisons that irritate the
nervea. Backatehe, headaches, disaim-ss
and annoying bladder troubles are
added proofs that the kidneys need
L. I t T T. , T, , 1 w, ,
i uoi. use isuan s oacaacue jvinney
"ills, "thousands thank them for relief
from just such troubles.
' When Your Back is Lame Remenf-
ber the Name." (Don't simply ask for
a kidney remedy ask distinctly for
Doan's Backachs Kidney Pills and take
no other). Doaa'a Backache Kidney
Pills are sold by all druggiats and store
keepers, or will be mailed on receipt of
price by the Hollister Drug Co., or
Benson Hmith A Co., agents for the
Hawaiian Islands. (Advertisement)
paiFFERON ,
iislt X k I - ''' - '
Starting of 'Action To Suspend
,'Gentlemen' Agreement" De
pends Upon Planters' Attitude
.1
Starting rif an active movement here
t secure the lightening of the restric
tions regarding the entry of Japanese
to America, aa now underway on the
Pacific Coast, appears to depend upon
the decision of whether or not the
Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association.
Kill glv4 Us fall support to the pro
ject. .'. "
Local Japanese leaden, and Japanese
newspapers hav been urging that ac
tion be started in Hawaii to get a sus
pension of the "Oentlemen's Agree
ment", between Jspsn and America
during the war, so laborers could be
brought here to work on the sugar plan
tationa, and particularly so approxi
mately 10,000 Japanese formerly resi
dent, in the Islands, but now in Jap
an, .could retnrw. These are Japanese
who failed to retwra to Hawaii within
the time In which it was necessary for
them to do ao in order to secure reen
try. Kred Makiae tn the Hawaii Hoc hi as
serted that nearly all or these Japanese
would -be willing to return to Hawaii if
they were permitted to do so, and urged
that local action to have the govern
ment grant thla privilege be under
taken. Wnce this suggestion was made by
Makiao there has been no evidence of
approval from the sugar planters' asso
etaUon, for the benefit of which the
Japanese baekers say the movement
si-aa proposed. Faxon Rishop of C.
Brewer A Company has been quoted as
saying that if transportation for these
Japanese could be scored, transporta
tion eould be gotten also for (he bring
ing in of many more Filipino laborers
than now.- , ,
Makiao Wants) To Know
' Meanwhile, Makino says he has been
waiting for more definite word as to
the views of the planters' association,
before "sailing meetings of Japanese
and having resolutions passed eudors
ing the projeet. In fact he said yes
terday that before going further with
the proposal at the present time he
wanted to know what was to be the
attitude of the planters.
E. D. Tenney, president of the sugar
planters' association, refused to dis
cuss the question yesterday as a repre
sentatlve of the planters, but made no
effort" to conceal some opposition to the
plan as an individual.
"How do we know that we would
not be touching upon a delicate inter
notional problem f" he demanded.
President Tenney said that irrespec
tive of whether a proposal was made by
Makino or anyone else he doubted the
wisdom of urging Washington officials
to permit the entry of Japanese or
Chinese. But not because he personal
ly objected,-io.ijia lessening of immi
pratinn"restrie.tions, but because he be
lieved the Washington officials are bet
tered informed of all the problems in
volved in such a proposal, and there
fore better qualified to reach a con
clusion as to how the labor needs
are to be met.
Ia National Problem
Instead, he advises that Washington
be kept informed of our labor wants
and that the solution thereof be left to
the proper officials. President Tenney
ssys that labor shortage is not merely
a local problem, but one that is nation
wide, and sure to become more so with
the formation of an army of 5,000,000.
"When a Way i found of supplying
labor where neqiled it the United
States, Hawaii will be included in the
plan," he thinks. He refers to the
fart that some effort to lessen the la
bor shortage has been made already by
the government in the brining in of a
few thousand Porto Kiians to the east
ern part of the country, and in the
lifting of restrictions on the entry of
Mexican laborers to the border states.
"This ia but a start to what may
be needed. With the forming of the
bigger army there will be needed thir
ty thine and a half million pairs of
hands to supply it, as it is estimated
that it takes six and a half pairs of
hands to support every soldier in the
field, ' ' he says.
Ill conclusion Mr. Tennoy reiterates
that Hawaii can best serve by not be
coming mixed up in what may be a
delicate international sitnation, and
that if labor is not found for the I si
snd industries, it will have to he ac
cepted as one of the accessary burdens
nf the war. And he intimates that he
does not think Washington meanwhile
is going to get greatly exrited over
whether or not there is a loss of a few
millions dollars' worth of sugar per
year here or not.
"It doesn't seem likely that the gov
ernment will do so when our total ss
sensed valuation in the Islands is only,
say. about 2OO.0O0,nO0, and the cost of
'he war in three or four days amounts
to that much."
When Fred Makino was informed
brieflv of President Tenney 's views on
the subiect of asking for a lessening of
the restrictions of the "Oentlemen's
Agrenient," he s"id it was hard tn an
swer an to what further steps would be
taken by the Japanese community.
"The subject needs consideration if
we are not to have the cooperation of
the sugar planters. We do not want
the laborers. It was for the planters
the suggestion was made. It's hard to.
say what we will do if the planters are
going to put their hands in their pock
et snd do nothing. " Makino said.
However, he added, that he was go
ing to take up the subject with Gov
ernor McO'arthy and get his views, and
that in the meanwhile he was gather
ing more data on the lumbers of Jap
anese who wmlM be qualified to return
here under the plan he suggests. Then
he sa id :
"I inn - v that I know the Japanese
consul and the Japanese government
are in favor of my proposal."
-- w. s. a.
Among recent arrivals iu the city is
Dr. O. 8. Kitsjnbn, of Kauning Island.
He is registered at the Moana Hotel.
RURAL MOTOR EXPRESS IS
RAPIDLY BECOMING POPULAR
Coming Very Fast In Atlantic States and Rapidly Spreading West
ward Enables Farmer To
small cost Return Load Bureaus Are Helping the Movement
(By ERNEST O. WALKER)
(Mail Special To The Advertiser)
WASHINGTON, July Id The nival
motor express is coming very fast in
Atlantic seaboard states. It haa pene
trated as far west as Jndiansevll. le
troit and Flint, Michigan, Cleveland",
Ohio, and Kansas City. A development!
of the war apparently, this express has
bounded into such popularity that farm-'
era from all over the land are now in
quiring about it at the council of na
tional defense. Connecticut, New York
and New Jersey have been largely me-1
nopoliaing this fine form of getting ail
kinds of prodnee to market, but lately
many Californiana have been inquiring
as to what such service would do for
ts wonderful farming communities lo
cated on splendid highways.
la the wake of the rural motor ex-,
press has come the return load bureau.
Boards of trade and chambers of com
merce have selced opon the organisa
tion and maintenance of these return
load bureaus as rare oportunlties for
useful public service. Today there arc
quite forty of thee return load bureaus,
which, as the name may suggest,' co
operate with the rural express In
getting return loads (from town into
the country). Fourteen of these bur
eaus are in Connecticut; ten in New
Jersey and six In New York state but,;
from all indications, within a year there
will more likely be four thousand of
these bureaus throughout the country,
for they have proven of grest utility.
Had Small Beginning
The rural motor express is accredited
originally to a farmer near Olney,
Maryland, eighteen miles out of Wash
ington along as fine a mncadnm road,
probably, as there is in all the country
He thought of the proposition aa feas
ible for getting his milk to the Wash
incrton market. He purchased one light
truck and within a fortnight was doing
so well, rolling quickly into town and
out again, that hie neighbors all were
after him to hur for them. They left
cans of milk and cream by the road
side for collection. Quickly the busi
ness branched out almost automatically.
Livestock shipments were accepted.
Calve's. for example, were tied by the
roadside tili the express passed. Tags
attached gave the owners name and
instrnctions where to deliver and to
whom. The return load idea also de
veloped quickly on the CMney route,
backed by the Washington Chamber of
Commerce, and now the Olney farmer
no only owns sad operates four trucks
hut he is decidedly a magnate among
the Maryland farmers, who find an in
di,penable institution ia growing op
in their midst. They ean not only sell
small and broken lots of their own pro
duce but they can send to town for a
plow point or any one of a hundred
things that are needed On the farm.
Treasury Department
Disapproves of
Use of Chain Letters
National War Savings Committee
In Letter To John Effinger
Frowns Upon That Method of
Advancing Sale of Thrift
Stamps
In a letter received recently by John
Kflinger from Walter H. Nash of the
National War Savings Committee, of
! Chambers Htreet. New York City,
it is stated that the treasury depart
ment disapproves of the use of chain
letters for he sale of thrift stamps;
also that a certain chain letter referred
to by Mr. Kflinger iu a communication
to the committee, did not originate
with the committee. Continuing, Mr.
Nash says in part :
"Nothing has bivn none to stop this
chain letter except in the way if ad
vising Mopli making such inquiries as
vou hae dune, that the chain letter
has not the approval of the govern
incut. I'or the reason thut there is
nothing illegal about it, and if patriot
ic cili.ciis see lit to send these letters
to their friends, this committee has
taken the attitude that it was a per
sonnl affair entirely."
This positive fnimnunif ation from
the National War Savings Committee
followed the receipt here by Mr. Ef
finger of one of these clinjn letters in
which he was asked to write five other
chain letters to friends with a thrift
stamp in each one ami ask the recip
ients to each write still more letters
with a thrift stamp in each as a Oeu
ileus for a War Savings Stamp.
Mr. K Dinger wrote the chain letters
and then decided that it would be a
good idea to find out if they were ofli
rial, or approved by the government,
and applied at hcudipiartera with the
result as shown.
EAST MAUI RAINFALL
UNCERTAIN QUANTITY
W. F. I'oguc, superintendent of the
KhhI Maui Irrigation Co., has just com
piled an i ntcrost i n iiihss of statistics
on the rainfall on east Maui from rec
ords taken at six different stations in
the "ditch country" coverini; a period
of ll'-.i years, reports the Maui News
Karh year's record is given by months.
A striking feature tiiuii te figures is
that apparently nothing can he deduct
ed as to the probable raiufall in that
sei-t'ion in any given season. In some
vcurH the heaviest precipitation is in
tin. wiiitur monthu timf In rithers this I
occurs in the summer. Some years it
oi'iurs in the fall und again it is iu
the spring.
The year 1914 n- by far the wet
test year of the period, while 1917 was
equally unusual on .n rount of it dry
liens. The figures cmering the first six
months of this yt i indicate an uu
usuullv wet vear.
Send Hit Produce To Market At
They thus economise their own time
and Tre aide to work much more eA-elentlv.-
i A' concrete ease of the advantage of
the eapreea in disposing of small qnsati
tiesj of produce is cited recently from
Maryland. A patron of the rural motor
express bad a can of cream, not suffl
elsnt to warrant a trip to Washington
He pieced it aboard the truck, which
f. . , . . - . - . i
iZ k i . . '.. t .
"' " l" t
aid where it could be used immediat-ly. -U, min4 foT ,.omputin), th. bond be
Rtorn Load Bnreaus 1 twee races when engaged in a fight for
The return load boreaoe are clearing ! freedom,
aonsea fr information about a thoua-1 Subscriptions by Indians to the Ll
and'nnd one ' articles awaiting move- j berey loans have totalled nearly $13,
meni into the country. A truck ar-, 000,000, according to figures compiled
riving in the city and discharging Its by Cato Sella, Commissioner of Indian
1"M telephones the return load bateau I Affaire. That is a per capita subscrip
and, receives directions where to go. '.tion of about 140 for all Indians in
Tete I a minimum loss of time in tbo United States. Adnlta and minors
thla method. Farming communities for j have been ' about equally represented
many miles out of. the populous center ' among the subscribers,
are connected by telephone nowaday, i The number of Indians in the mlli
Tt Is an easy matter to teteohnnn the tsrY services probably is more than
refer load bureau for any little kniek
Vhtek ' or repair part and have it
brought near one's door almost as
nnieklv as the department store de
livery wagon takes It to a city resi
dence. '"At. 'present the Connecticut town
that have retnrn load bnreaus are
Bridgeport, Bristol, fanbury, Hartford,
Manchester, Meriden, Middleton, New
Britain. New Haven. New London, Nor-
walk, Norwich, Stamford and Water-
nnrv. "These are aH snfwiwlsi,
towns. The motor truck expresses bring
. fresh food to those renters mitre nilk.
ly than would be possible by other
meana Of transportation and at com
paratively cheaper rates. The rural
motor trucks are .getting r.early across
New ToTk etate and the retnrn load
bureaus are already established at
Buffalo, Rochester, Hrraeuse, Albany,
Troy, and Nfw York City. The idea
I. .'r.Ain tk. o.ii; vi.i. a
and Petersburg (near Camp Lee. a large
army saotonment) aro just getting aa
.pres. route and return lood buri.ua.
In Connecticut a war bureau baa taken
hold of the work very actively.
Of eoorae the congestion of traffic
on the steam railroads Is one of the
mma. nr th. u. ii...
the service ia shown by experience to
be. even cheaper than railroad trans
portation, to say nothing of the im
proved service. Goods are delivered
more, quickly and, the methods are far
mora economical and satisfactory. It
seems certain that even after the war
.. . . .
' " vui nwvu Burr me war
m i : . . ,
IntA ihs.nH. . u; a. .:n
become indispensable both to the farm
er and to the city man.
IS
We learn that Argentine will have a
good sugar season. On May 1 the grind
ing season had opened and the outlook
is for from 200,000 to 2.10,000 tons of
sugar. The crop in Tueumaa will be
about 165,000 and from reports of Theo- I
ddre Roosevelt, who visitor! tkat region '
a number of years ago, wo glean that
this region has the finest prospects for
suffer cane nroduetioa of law xwtlnn r
Houth America. In 1911 the output of
Arirentine ran aa hicrh aa 70.22 5n. ,
The sugar imports for tha last aiz ve.rs
were nearly si, times largor than the ,
annual average la tha past tve years.
n. . ... .1. . '
The imports were 176.494 tons in 1917.
The rron conditions this vear are simi
lar to those of 1913 and 1914 and the
only serious opponent to a fine crop is
Jack Frost who may marshall hia forces
of indecency against the oncoming crop.
In 1915 the country ei ported 59,313
tons.
w. a. a.
E HELPS THERE
PARIS,
in as maae oy American women nave
been found of the utmost service
in replacing gas infected clothing
at the seventeen Bad Cross bath
stations which have been started in
France. ,.
To relieve the gassed men of the
clothing they have been wearing,
give them a bath and supply them
with pajamas and a blanket, is all
that can be done for them imme
diately. Covered with the Bed Cross
blarfkrt, they go to the nearest
hospital.
A,
w. s. s.
'''list cotton cultivation on a large
scale is planned in Mexico by a .liin ,
nese syndicate whs learnej from M.'
Hashimoto, a director nf the Asano
Shipbuilding Company of J-pan, when
he passed through here recently en
route to Japan. He bad been in
Meiien for sometime connected with
the new enterprise.
He declared that scarcit) of labor
in the Southern Hepublic haa compell I
ed him to turn to Japan for a supply
uf Jnpaneae laborrcrs to work In th"
cotton Helda. He predictuj that with j
in a short while a atream of the Japn
nese immigrants will begin to pour into
Mk'ico.
w. s. a.
For a Weak Stomach
As a general rule all you need to do
is to adopt a diet suited to your age
and occupation aud to keep your bowtW
regular. When you feel that you have
eaten too much and when eonstipsted,
take one of Chamberlain's Tablets. For
sale by Benson, Smith A Co. Adv.
MAKING GOOD GAINS
FIRST FAMILIES OF
AMERICA HELPING
Indians Are Doing Their Part In
Conflict Against Hun and
Doing It Thoroughly
WASHINGTON, July 2R -(Associated
Press) The original Americans are
in the war tn the limit.
Enlisting in the military services and
the Bed Cross with an enthusiasm un
surpassed by their white brethren and
ponring out tneir treasure rreeiy py
subscriptions to the Liberty loans, the
lutncriiniuHi i
Indiana doing their shsre with
g,te eonraga
hich gives one more 11-
SOOOi v air. Sells is having prepared a
complete record of their participation
ia tbo great war. About 2200 of the
total have been Indexed and classified
showing, 1800 In the army, 300 la the
I navy and. 100 in other military work.
Their willingness to bear their ahare of
the hardships and dangers of military
life la evidenced by the fact that 1000
of those classified volunteered for serv
es, while 800 were drafted probably
a greater percentage of volunteers than
cob be abown by any other of the nnm
moos; races represented in the United
States.
As a soldier the Indian makes good
with a rush. Indian schools, with an
attendance of 30,000 annually, have
military drill, almost without excep
tion and to preliminary training in
military life, the youag Iadiaa soldier
adds traditionally fine physique. One
Iadiaa school bas a service flag with
ISO stars, all bnt IS representing vol-
"? wt,1;tTrj,t': ABotBM eho1
.15, .I 175 w
. "8
RBtl "Y
m. wftned and deadly than tho nn-
"Tl,id I"d",I,, w Practised, the
ri oM w"io" of tkotb;r l"
" w0 remember when the American
West was onlv emenrinir from a wll-
dernese end the white man atill was re
garded as a foe, remain on the reserva
tions, smoking the pipe of peace with
their white neighbors and preaching
the. doctrine of .patriotism to their
people. Hons and grandsons of Chiefs
Y-k-n-. rnMni i.i,. run ..j .n...
army.
..lB"" women, likewise, are
doiaE
taeir share by aiding in Ked Cross
, work. Although a complete vocational
course or four years in nursing la of
comparative recent introduction in the
larger schools la the reservations, sii
young women have been accepted for
hospital service abroad and others are
being prepared for similar work. In
dian School papers carry attractive
advertisements for the Bed Cross. One
reservation boast of a Bed Cross ban
j ner in every home. Saturday afternoons
I are devoted by the women to sewing
for atmy hospitals and the boys give
up their holidays to gathering sphag
num moss in the bogs and marshes for
use ia' surgical pads and ambulance
pillows.
separate units for Indians have not
been organized by tha army because
. .!, D"vo ruD e,DOWI
lth T 1 T c,t,MBB BBd become bettei
'X''.',. . -.
. Wonderful and spontaneous fldel
lJ i? B bigheat welfare of the Nj
t.'OD way Commissioner BeFIT
decrbes the response of the Indian to
ef00u"'7 "ed
, . " '
in Indi.n lit mm
srowlnir manifestation
in Indian life aa a aure basis for the
strong and trustworthy eitiaenship to
which our efforts are directed."
SHIKlPLACEBEER
AS MILWAUKEE EXPORT
Mil WAI'KF.E, July 28 ( Associated
ress) The shipbuilding industry in
ilwaukee has been revived with the
ni-rraniKatinn nf Ik. I- 1.-1 t J ulu
Corporation, raptslixed at 00,000, and
already the government has awarded
contracts for thirteen steel ships, most
of which will be 172 feet long and have
32 feet beams.
The new shipyard, which is sn out
growth of Newton and Coddinj;ton
Engineering company interests, will
I have 2.QO0 feet water frontage, espe
cially adapted for construction of
( lauaching ways and for fitting up
, wharves. Construction of plants
tracks, derricks and arebouies will
be pushed forward rapidly.
The contracts swarded the new -hip
j building firm sr for nine mine plant
! era and four river transports. The
i flrvt ship is to be delivered by May I.
!!"!(. und one is to be turned out everv
thirty days therenfle- until the con
I tract is completed. From Milwaukee
the ships will -tenm ilwn the Oreat
I nkes snd through the Well m-t Canal
thence bv the St. I.swrence river to
the Atlantic roast, where they will be
dared in coast defense and general
utility service.
w a. a.
WASHINGTON. Julv 2K (Assoc iat
ed Press) The first hanking institu
tion with foreign rapital to lie estab
lisbed in Kruador has been organised
s Ouito. It has a capitalisation of
400.00(1 sucres, equal to approximately
2I0)0 in American. Branches will be
established at other points in South
.ni"dcii snd it is announced that the
business of the bank will be principal
lv to deal with foreign countries. None
of the capital stork is owned by the ru
a ioreans, but there is no American or
I nglish mouev in the institution. The
-to k is owned entirely by Spaniards
.in I Latin Americans of other countries.
AMERICAN FAt
MRS ;
TO PAY Al; LEAST.
TVELVE PERCEfiT
Announcement WW Soon Be Made
In Additional Prospectus
Which Wilt Be Issued
INCREASE DEPENDS ON .
RATES OF TAXATION
New Executive Orders Apply Es
pecially To Conditions Which
Were Met Here
Dividend payments of at least one
percent a month commencing with Oct
ober are embraced in the plans nf
American Factors, Limited. This will
be told in a further prospectus that
is soon to be issued.
There have been numbers of requests
for information on the probable divi
dends which American Factors' eertiff
rates will pay and the directors and
trustees believe the investing public
should be given all possible information
on the subject and will, therefore, make
the announcement in the prospectus of
payments of at least one percent a
month commencing with October. This
would make the stock pay eight percent
(In the basts upon which subecrlptions
for certificates ate being received.
Denmda On Taxes
How much more than one percent a
month the certificates ean pay will de
pend chiefly on the new revenue law.
The President and Secretary McAdoo
are both reported to strongly favor an
eighty percent flat tax on excess .war
profit. As told in The Advertiser yea
erday the pre war profits of Hnekfeld 4k
Company were 050,000, which would
be thirteen percent n vear on the capi
talisation of the new company.' .
flesed on the capitalisation of A me ri
ee a Factors. Limited,' the earn logs and
dividends of Hsh'eld A Company offer
interesting possibilities. In 1917 earn
ing were more than thirty-one percent
hnd dividends more than nineteen per
ent: in 19M earnings were nearly
thirty' percent and dividends nearly
fourteen and one half percent j in 1915
earnings were nearly seventeen percent
and dividends about nine and half
percent. For the three years the aver
age, earnings were twenty-seven percent.
Even with an eighty percent fist t
on excess profits and on the average
earnings for the past (hVes. years: the '
new romps. ay would presumably be abbs
to pay as high as seventeen percent.
If the tax be smaller, the company
eould pay roportiom'.elv lrgr. divi
dends. ' ' '.;'... '
Ends All Disputes ... j .. .
Polnta thnt come up in 'connection
wjth Hackfeld A Company, acts. of the .
rnstodiantwhich some were, inclined to
consider unwarranted and unauthorised.
r. specifically ,inelndMo additionas
regulations nrcseribed by the. Pfeaident
for the allefi property enstodisn.' One
of these polnta was the, right to vote
the enemy stock for sale nf the going
business and another was 'the 'right to
vote for diseolutieiv., Jt was eld by
some thst since the' majority of the
stock waa held by the cuetodiaa his vote
waa equivalent to a aale of the business.
Voting of Stock
Belative to the right to ,ete the
stock the new regulations provide: "to
vote in person or by proxy eh a res of
stock or other beneficial intercuts in
corporations, unincorporated hssocistl
ona, companies. or trusts upon aH
questions at all times and upon all
matter opon which -any owner of such
stock or other beneficial interest shall
have the right to vote including the
power of authority to vote for or ag
ainst and to take part in anv sale, dis
solution, consolidation, amalgamation,
or reorgnixstion of any sort, of any
such corporation, unincorporated asso
ciation, eompeny or trust or of its sssets
or any part thereof, and to exerrise any
rights or privileges that may be or be
come appurtenant to the ownership of
wh ock or other beneficial interests
with like force snd effect and under
like circumstances in all respects as
though the absolute owner thereof."
Bala of Badness
The right to sell a going business is
provided in the following psragraph:
"The Alien Property Custodian shall
have full power and discretion with re
spect to property to be sold, and may
sell any property or properties as an
entirely or in such groups or parrel
and at such time or times as he shall
determine, and without reference to the
previous enemy or ally nf enemy owner
ship thereof. Whenever any such pro.
pcrtv shall be need or employed in tke
co-idnet or other operation of any mine,
plant, factory, railroad, or other trans
portation facility, mercantile establish
ment, or any sort of going business or
undertaking, the Alien Property Custo
dian msy sell such property as a going
business or undertaking and may in
clude not only the tangible property,
but anv and all patents, trademarks,
trade names, good will,' and other in
tangible rifts and aaseta; and auy
number nf such going, businesses or
undertskings may be sold together as
above specified,"
EASTERN FIRM WANTS u
TO BUY SHARK SKINS
It would have delighted the heart of
old Captain F. P. Walker of "sbsrk
oil" fame, to have received the 'en
couragement in catching sharks which
Raymond O. Brown, secretary of the
ha mler of commerce, had put up to
him today, namely an offer of from 10
to IS rents a pound for shark skins,
also from $.1 to $4 eark for porpoise
skins. The offer waa received from an
Kastern firm aud now Mr. Browa is
anxious to get pointers on shark fish
ing ami fishermen.
- w. a. a. -
KAHELE WON'T RUN
Archie K. Kahele will not run for the
house of representatives. He did in
tend to, but hss changed his mind and
an announced last uight. Business rea
sons were what induced him to drop
out of the prospective race, he says.
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