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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, August 30, 1918, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-08-30/ed-1/seq-2/

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2 '
HAWAIIAN CA2ETTE. FRIDAY. AUGUST 50. 1018- SEMI-WEEKLY
i I i i "iT ! 1 iTffT . . I 1 "I i I i i , . i
h ii ii n ),
. ... .
' - ' I Iril ilftj' . V a. A m
yo
w 1
. j . .
HEX! CROP G VES
GREAT PROM SE OF
Weather Conditions Have Been
Especially Good ana Fields
r" J 'Are Fine Sight l:
THREATENINgThORTAGE
' DF LABOR IS BUGABOO
': .i. '
As Much Or More Rain Falls In
Eight Months As Normally
In Entire Twelve
f'rop conditions for next year, nr
cording to n-iort received from nil
of the inland, are highly promising.
Feather conditions have Wen such that
the eane has mnde splendid progress
ami indications now are that such lntn
nge an wru done to the young cane by
the lronht. on Mnni onl a Inrjri- part
of Hawaii ha been repaired. On a
number of plantations on those islands
it wu nneesKarv to do a considerable
amount of replanting but this is not
now inilieated bv the appearnnre of the
Held.
From a prominent, sugar man who has
recently returned from Hawaii it is
learneii that the eane Held on the Big
Ialand never looked better so far as
eolor and growth ia eoncerned and, if
the adequate labor can be secured the
erop will approach bumper proportions.
He aaid thnt in the flelda there was a
eoaaiderable growth of (frtsa ami weeds
to be noted but that with the cutting
eompleted available forces would be
set to weeding ami cultivation. Even
iu the district, that was drought strick
en a rear ago, where the fields were
yellowed, senr and withered, the next
erop looks splendid. Kaina on the Hig
Ialand, for the first eight months of
this renr, are in excess of the normal
for a whole year, and better still the
rains have not come in heavy down
pourt that dnmage the f'rop ami the
fields and plantation property general
ly, but iu Htcndy, continuous daily raina
that hae accomplished tho niaxhhum
mount of good. ,
While two or three ux.nths of last
calendar yenr were included In the
drought period ami reduce the total for
the past twelve mouths from figure
thaf would have been reached if those
menths were normal, a comparison of
the rainfall iu the Islands with the
normal twelve months rainfall is in
teresting. Theae are the fiuro secured from the
weather bureau:
.! E.io
t ;
a i
11
BlaJloa and ln.lrl.t
Islaait or Hansll
Pnakea Rim. Ii Nortli K..I111I11 .V..1'.
Kobala Mill. Norili Kohnls.. Ml. 0.1
JEohal MIhmIoii. Norili Kolis-
ts.tit
."C.4II
la
Nlulll. Norili Koliiila
Honksa. Iliuuiikioi
Faanhau. tlrtiutikun
Ooksla. Norih llil.i
I,snpt.Mh.c. Nortli llllo ..
Honobtua. Norili llllo
Hakslsii. S..11II1 nil,. .
Flononiii. Houtli llllo
1'epeeke.,. K...ith Mllo
l'apalkoii. Koinh 1 1 1 1- .
llllo. Muiitu llllo
PnnshHwal. South nil.. . .
fllenwood. 1111111
Kspoho. I'utiii . .
Volcano ( it.s.-rvni 01 . Knn
I'atlals. kitu .
Keslakekutt. South Imooi .
Island of Maul
Kssnspslt. f.alisln:i
Wsllukn. WrIIoI.ii
Haiku Km. St. Hi. .11 Mn l.i v. 11.
Kattuu. Miiknwtio .
Island of ttatiu
Kabuku. Kooliui lot.
Tle-la. K4olHiiM.ku
Maunuwlll Kiiu.'li. Kooltiii.o
ko .
Wsluisini lo. Ko.iliui,oko . .
I.linknlia il pperi. Honolulu
liuakaha ti.ow.-ri. Honolulu
jlollullllll. liollolulll
Ewa. Kwa
WslsnSH. Wshllllle
Wllalus. Waluliin
t)cltoUl.l llurru.ks. Wululiiu
IaUa of Kanal
Ktlauvs. Ilauiilel
K calls. Kswslbau
l.luiie. 1,1 hue
Koloa. Kolon
Kle!.'. KoIoh
Mkcll. Wulmea
w. s. s.
HT..O,-, rat . 1 r, I
KB . M .V tO '
7-J.7I j
us 40 its irr '
iso. on 11s. no (
iw .tj 11-11
ll 71 1 17
I ft 11;: tr, I
:il!i..".l ... I
Iiin :a i::i.Mij
ait'.IW iss.07
nr. hi
Jin c.i 17.". S I
.".T ns . ... I
i:u i ii t.77 1
lilt 1.'. . . I
xu '.'i I.' !;
7.". Jl If. IH
1'. HI '.'I 1 I
tt :up 7".
. im 11
I'll 4 1 I It I-'
I
stl .".7.71
in :ti :i i.j
1 111 l!l V. 40
UM III 4
its 1 or. 1.10. .
. 17!l..tl 14.". '.s
. t..'s SI (Wl
hh Jl.v.
S2.n:i '.117
:i 110 ;n 'r I
r.l .Ik
. 7!i 1:1 70 :.i
. Ill IK III 14
, If, (Ml M. u
, 7:i.U7 IM 4(1
. nr..ai js.tx
. lii w ,.,:t.w
TO LEAVE COLLEGE
The College of lluwaii is to lose u
valued member of its staff and l'ioneer
Mill Company is to be the gainer. Prof.
Herbert .S. Wulker, w liu occupies the po
ition of chief of slu-ur techuologv at the
college is to become the superintendent 1
of Pioneer Mill (0111 puny, succeeding
August Fries, who has resigned. Mr.
Fries is of (lei man birth and has been
chemist tit Pioneer.
'I'rofeiwor Walker stands high in the
estimation uf the sugar industry uud
has been in the Inlands u number of
years and is familiar with Philippiue
ugar growing us well. He is a mem
ber of the Hawaiian Kngiueering So
ciety and the Hawaiian Chemists So
ciety and the college will uot find it
easy to fill the vacancy occasioticJ by
his resignation.
Thrift Stamp to the amount of
744. 1 HI were sold at tint noon dnv
luncheon meeting of the Kotury Club
yesterday.
SUGAR SHIPMENTS
RECORD FOR
MONTH IS BjtOKEN
Departures More Than 87,000,
Tons and One Hundred Thou
sand Is the Probable Total For :
August Little In Storage
)ep' rtnres .f so irii r, from
ll'H I ilu
and utliiT siiur s tipping point of tin
li-lauuM, ttn reported to the Hu'.;ar 1'cct
ir ' 4,iit, mi tin tn f ti nw r tt"ri r vpm
tetdav alteruoon. cre H7.747 tons, m.:-
passip- nil previous reeords for ship-
ment in anv siui-lc calendar mon.h.
Ia.Iier.ft were ti'at the tot, I f, r the
full month will reach or come very
closri to lOD.tOO tons. There has been
the ,...ibilitv of the month's tot.l ap -
l-ro-wat 0.W toa but .Ulav ',,
the Inadina ad deppKnre of o :e mm,)
ton racier has ma e thia imop-sible.
)f the sHnr thnt ll. s . courted
dnrin" the month StiflO tons have been
. 1 I "
what is known as " Western Sonar,'
that im raws shipped bv others thun the
u , . , v, ., . . u.,.u-
tons were Sirnr Factors' Shipments
TIiim brmps ttnl shipments up to h. pro
ximately ( 27,0011 tons (iml leaves to be
shipped about 11(1,01)0 tons. Hnch ship
ments will biin-: the total sent awey
up to 5!:t,l)Ol) tnns which was the esti
mnted total -rot but the outturn of
the mills is somewhnt aurpnslnr esti
mates and will be aSout ."575,000 tons
of which between 7000 and 100OO tons
ia refined ognr from Honloulu l'lanta
tion used for" home eonsumt'tinn. This
year, differing from last, Honlulu has fMtmBr mp comparatively
imported very-little refined sugar and iimltea BU,,pUe for the part few atontha,
haa depemM moatlv on home produc b,ve tided themaelrea'trvef rtinUI
tion. A eons.dersble amount of wash- thi ,ime Md U(, - tM. u
ed sugar was used, in exeess of the nor- poTted to be fine aad pronSalag.
real, to a larrre extent enrty in the Th(l ta,nlmga iUp,y n wUij" h"
sugar year when there was a shortage , pUntfttiorMl Mn e,utlnue ha ba eftl
af refined snar in the Islands. , mltvd ,t to0. toonth!-;- th,
v . cmount promised, with what is ttill ea
Big redactions will be seen in the hand With the compaaiea, appeafa .uffl
amount of sugar awaiting shipment on rient , ,,( wHh , reasonable degraa
the first of next month aa compared 0f conservation, for about fonf UlOataa.
with the first of this month when there i lt may be that there ha been- toe
waa 112,000 tons on hand. It Is said mUrh pessimism displayed beeauae of the
thst the storehouses at tins port have , ternpi,rorv stoppage of aitrata Wp
been empt.e-1 and the same is the ease I mts although it is agreed there Ws
a Hilo and Kahul.n. The ground angar cUHe for ,Urm had aot?rtUf been
which awaits shipping to a large, pTomiBr,i at.tkis sawtieuUr time tad
extent on Kauai, awaiting shipment thM tb. shipments- promised should M
here and at some of the Bifr Island ' t tke BWIrtll whel( they mrnoat
mills. The rest is,at the other mills or in 0(,e(1)I for use. Certaialy a dlstinet
transit to the shipping ports end there frf.lins 0f reiief cn be Boted and with
is almost no su-'ar at any of the-ports t)lttt eiief eomtm fcn ded'eontdeaM
as the month closes. ' that the jrovernmeot will give to the
Estimates, which are largely sur- sllKnr industry of the Islands 4)1 the
mieea, have ).l..ced probable movements support which may be possible Without
doring the eomintr month at fJO 000 tone. i8alTnnging war plana. The planters
With one departure st least de'aved hnV(, naJ f1I1fidenee la the governmeat
from this month to next, it is probable ami fnu() fHr tne fonfidenee ha getter
the movement- will be not for f-om iv h.wn f.illv warranted. . '-
fn nun a . .: . i. 1 1 i .. ,
H',HU I. .lis wiii'--i n in IfllVC. l SMI 111 . II i
the.t these movements is 100.000. a very
small amount to be moved in October
and November.
l Comes As Surprise ,
This month i-: i ( . I it" cii eut of f
sufjar comes villi a .tnrtlin su'.leij-i
iitss. S n. 1 !: t t
in stcr-ige 1 :i.l s
Bbiiut two ioo'..'i
cline set in, tin'
hnvinv; 1 1. ,,
the ea r pi l mc
tively si ." I. in
nee and !
out until v e'l m.
Motor bon'- t 11
piovemenf ot' - 1 :
"'l' b I t 1 1 ' fl lllo.lllt
1 I I v tn - ir te.l nnl .
a- 1 vv'ic.l tie 1
j. .,f pro i iic ion 1
1'
tl.e r-M ..f
1- !,. a
la'.or s;, ..t
1 -1 1 r loniin
I I,
rr 1 ll "c.iil.ei.
e;it!v h 1 1 ii n tl.e
W it lo.ul t l.ec
been mncli s.uali
ill 1 ppiti': b .a rd, i 11
tin- shoitite on
ii.it 1
er than it is, but the
its effort- t.. l.liev
the main la in i
lia utili.ed piacticallv
.'-s. ls. cs..-i iall those
Hi) types of .'.s,
thaf a l'e now bei 11" 1 11 1 ne.l
nit rato ilv
ill I he 1'ac i 1 i 1 oa- t va r.ls
The slnpiung boat. I has k. pt its j to
ni'ses as to in 1. v coil-n t -, i.t' Hawaiian
raws. It has .!..'! rwn m..i tlnii this
for It has ,1 oustra'ed that it will be
ill a position to Itan. I'v next vent 's crop
more t-xpedi! i..usW than this Year's aud
there is little dai.e r of a rcp tition of
I he dclav- from w I
li tl.e lodiiifiv lias
suffered in. 'tonal i
this time.
w. s. a
tivetin nccs until
MADE FOR LAST CROP,
Sugarcane grinding now in progress
at Tucuman and in the surrounding din
tric.ts promises a yield of more than
double (lie scanty production of 1!U", (
it i reKirte.L I'roiu Itosarm bv I' 111 ted
States Consul Wilb. rt I.. Rannev At
presept the yield for this year is esti
mated at about -IMI.imiii metric tons,
against a tiually estimate.) yield 111 1 1 1 7
of MM, 07.". tons. Tlie normal consump
tion uf sugar in Argentina is somewhat
higher than the estimated yield this
year, but it is Imped that with some
economy, and . onsidei iug that there is
a Hinall balance of slocks left over,
i 111 port a 1 3 ii 11 will not lie necessary oil
this crop, which J'toli.i-es to be the best
crop realized Mine I Lt 1 4 . Tlie whole
sale price of reliue.l Migf at llusano
is now ctpii a lent to 11 1 -j cents n.'.r
pound.
It is reported fi..oi Ihc Province of
Salta, 111 northern Argentina, that 11
new part n.Tship with a capital of fl,
JOIJ, mill has been fonncd for the e
pluitation of a Micai plantation at
Tabacal, in the J pa it iiieul ol (Iran, in
the Province named The new' linn is
known as 1'aiiou. io tas. Hercelsche y
I Musuleguy. Much the greater number
of cane plantations ot Argentina are
con. cut rated 111 the small Province (jf
TucDIlltill. and re. cut experience shows
that lands to the north of that l'ro nice
ure well mute. I lo cane 1 lilt i utiuu.
Indications Are That Sufficient
SuddIv Will Be Here In
Ample Season For Use
With the publication in The Adver-
; tiser of tlir news that the nitrate slwrt-
11(7.1 n i, t-Aridv,! . th ri1aaa fi'v
j - j
the war industries boards of a suffici- I
ent quantity of the easentlal fertiliser
to ,i, ,b" Territory over for aeveral
! '"nfh. relief l the ten-
j Bim,' ,n"' nn'' hren elt bT 8'
1 B"-' "uKr company managemeata. A
' 'nr,at, tQ ,l" 11,20 "P bwn M"
n,,vp,,.
' Ad vjr.ea reemve, by cable were to
wt that 13.0.M1 tona of Hawaii 'a
i n",t of oitratea were to
' permitted to come through and that
" .v.
I sent in prior to the embargo had been
rescinded. This Indicated eloae to 0,-
4 . - t il. J i,
be even more for it ia not definitely
sure that a ahipment expected at any
time by the Hawaiian Fertiliser Com
pany is included in the other figures.
It is expected that these ahipment
of Chilean nitrates will enme in sailing
vessels so that little eaa be forecast
as to probable time of arrival but It ia
expected they will be received In due
season to meet the urgeat needs of (he
industry. -
Moat of the plantations appear to
have had on hand a sufficient (apply of
fA4Uiap n. In k.ii. iunM.1 It vM frit
mi, r Ihi
- J
w. ..
PORTABLE RAILWAYS
It. .ports from the plantations using
t!ie portable railwuy for the trans
put tafion of siiar cane to the mill
bIh.w that they are all seeking every
i possible means to secure ail the cfiiei
I ei:cy puMsil.le and adopting m4uy new
Isl.or mini devices, to help make tip
for the nlioit:ii;c of labor, which i hav
iuo a serious effect In some quarter.
At this time, with the end of the
gi limine, season in sight on some 01 ine
' plantations, every effort is being made
to harvest ail the cane possible with
t!ie force at hand. Iu this effort it
lias been found that the portable ril
I wav is proving its practical worth. At
; present, it is tcported, there are about
1 I (I. '.041 cars in use on the portable plan
tation railun.H, of which there are tlfiO
I miles in operation. Kach ear it capable
of holding from four
to six ton of
i'm ne at a loading.
, On most of the plantations using this
method of bringing the cane to the
mill there litis been a greater use made
f the moveable track line, which eaa
follow up the cane cutters, and many
new improvements in the equipment
hive been installed this season, in
cluding a new sleeper for the track,
which permits it to operate over wet
mi. I soft ground. On Kauai, especial,
I ly. nnd tit 1 1 a a on Hawaii, the' port-
1 able rnilwav has been found of special
i,Befit, and grovitv is largely used
t transport cane, as well a animal
I power ' '
- W. s. a. -
I p j.p DDKJCOC PIVCU
MfiC PUnNtri3 UlVtri
LONG PRISON SENTENCE
An exchunge reports how lJutiee
Heal, of Australia, sentenced two bri-
1 oners to ronflnment for four year for
setting fire to cane. He said that they
ought to have fourteen year, but, ve-
1 cause they seemed Such fool in the
matter of having an idea that when
they destroyed property they would
get work, he had extenuated the aen
tence; hut. hereafter, all men guilty of
destroying cane would be severely dealt
with.
beet'oVtlpok
The latest report or the United
States sngur beet crop places the (Jut
look of the whole situation at 97.7 yer
cent the middle of July. It is eipejt-
W. s. s,
cd that this percentage will hold.
Mrs. C. W. Steele, buyer for JordaOS,
returned from the Cotst after an 'ex
tensive trip throughout the mainland
on buMiicss Mrs. Steele has been
away ti.no the Mauds for ubout two
months,
GAIN POPULARITY
Definite Agreement
Bevcn centa a pound f.o.b. New York
la to ne the price of1 augar for the 'neit
crop according t,o the V"1 authenticat
ed information that has reached Mono
tula. This ia not official for no an
ibUhceae(tt lai'yat been mad bat the
authority upon which it ia given seems
to'b reliable,' 1
."White Mitel been expected that there
would be a full rent advance in the
iriee of raw augar, present indications
are that it wUJL.be slightly lesa, that
the Insurance eosta between 1,'uba ami
New York will tot be added
Jtls expected that this will be the
price fixed but that does not mean,
necessarily that all sugar will receive
that price. The new sugar corporation
will eater into sugar affairs, especially
the price, ' next year, it is expected.
While antra has been said about what
ihe corporation will do in regard to
beet sugar prices, Its authority applies
equally to eane. The function of the
corporation la to see that producers
whose coats are exceptionally high, shall
not be compelled to operate at a loss.
It ha a $5,000,000 capital which ia ex
pected I operate something in the way
of a revolving fund.
At present there is a ' hitch " between
the: sugar committees and the tabaii
planters, the difference being a half
cent a pound. .On this subject Pacta
About Sugar ia Its issue uf August 10
says: " . r ''' :''
No decision aa to the new price to"
be fl ied for rata- augar of the comig
Oubaa crop of-1918-19 ha -yet been
arrived at. The1 eoofereace between
member of the special Cuba a 'mission
empowered to'seoaduct aegotlatioa- ia
the 'knatter, 'on tke one hand; and tha
iAteraattonal, auar eommittee and tha
igaf eijualiiatioa board, 6a tba otler,
terminated' beret todav without ((
meet aad without setting!' date . for
further discuhi6a. ' Vi t-r
On ban Hold Out For Full Cent
Tb4-4)Utioa tau taadt the point
wljere jt-trtr left by the fruitleis Con
feteno whldb the .Cuban 'representa
tive and the lhternatibahl eugar com
mlttef heltt 4i KeW York on July -29,
wheii' it Ws found impossible to hdjuat
satisfactorily tha "vBfferear of opinioh
exist in g tet weeH thil two group as to
tha :extent of the' larreas that abould
beid' ovhr the existing price.' .The
ishtet abstaela a an Agreement at th
day' conierae, a then, w tha fact
that' 'the 'Cuban- representative felt
bound to. hold, out tiff -prlee of 6.60
entl: a' pound, f, 'a .b. Cube, or an ad
vance full eent OVeV the price for
tha 1117 8 crop, a th lowest which
would pertnit of fair rettira to the
Cuban' prodaeer. .-" f
) Report tf'the proceeding at today'
conference sty. thai the members of the
Cuban-miaaion "stated that their "gov
ernment .felt it n release ry to ask for this
price as minimum' figure, and that iu
support of, this posit,iou they submitted
further figure a to production and
operating cost in Cuba to reinforce
those adduced at tha New York confer
ence.' "
Half -Cent Inert! Offered
Tha sugar equalization board and
the international ugfti" committee, on
the Other hand, were uuwilling to grant
aa incteas beyond S.1Q rents, which
they had previously offered and Which
represent an increase of half a cent
a pound.
Th failure of the conference to
rech an adjustment and so dispose of
the uncertainty wkieh is unfavorably
httectldg the situation ia the Cuban
industry came aa a disappointment, a
rf was understood that the diplonuitic
interchange of views which had been
carried on during the week had re
salted in progres toward a basis of
agreement, and it was generally ex
peeted that 'When the coufefees met
officially It would be found possible to
arrive at a satisfactory arrangement.
A the coufereoe adjourned with
out date, it ia paesume.l that a resump
tion of diplomatic exchange will be the
I belt atep1 taken 'ia the endeavor to
reach a' settlement which will be ac
ceptable to both partle to the nego
tiation. The" full membership of the sugar
Mer Pimm Wl
Crop lust As
1' i f. ... t
In Cuba as in Hawaii the labor sit-
nation i IV play a big part iu next
year' sugar crop.- The labor situation
there waa not good thi year nor last
but promise t,o be' worse next by rea
son of the many who have goue to the
United States to work in war iodus
tries.
rSnlsa haa tnnlkftr factor pnterinir in
to it production which does not enter
into patriotit Hawaii. That is price.
Hawaii want a better price but the
planter here will go to the limit of
their abilities for production no mat
tcr what price is established.
"On he Cubau aituatiou Facts About
Sugar says editorially:
Cuba' a Ked of Labor
'1rl become increasingly evident
that the chief factor determining next
season's produetioa of sugar iu Cuba,
aside front the all important questum
of the .price to be established, will be
the hupiily of laborl The question of
abof'nat been a serious one for the
Cuban planter during the present sea
son and' in' many cases its lurk has
prevented the Cutting of the full sup
ply "ef available cane. The situation
next year threntees to become even
more Scute with the steady drsiu upon
Lrbor by munitions plants and other
war enterprises in the I uite.l states.
Since the maintenance of t iihun sugar
production i matter of prunury im
(s Not fe Reached!
equalization board and all the Amer
ican member .of , the interiiatumal
sugar committee, tiartlt ipalel in ' the.
conference, while the Cubau view was
presented by Minister Carlos Manuel
de Cespedes, R. B. Hawley and Manuel
Bioada, member of the special mission
representing the Cuban government, J.
ft. Bruce represented the British gov
ernment. '
Beet Sugar Men Heard
Following the adjournment of the
Cuban conference the sugar equali
ration board went Into conference with
a committee representing the domestic
beet sugar producers, who submitted a
brief containing data upon the cost of
beet sugar production in the I'uited
States and recommendation as to the
new price basis which should lie fixed
for their product.
Hawaii Is Heard
' The beet sugar men were followed
by a committee representing the Ha
waiian Sugar Planters' Association,
which has brought to Washington fig
ure of production costs in Hawaii and
which rouveys the views of the pro
dueers there upon the price question.
Louisiana Wants Eight
On the subject of sugar prices the
Louisiana Vlanter of August 17 says:
."Friday in Washington will be pro
nounced the decision of the food ad
min'atration which will either mean a
i,;u!n... i.,.l.,.tc. uf uroatM-
aiae or another period Of struggling and
struggling along very near to. the but-
torn of the Jist of eugar i.to-liicing .lis-
trtcU or the worlil, Tor this mate.
A eommittee left Wc.lniw.lay night
for Waahlngto6 and it wtl compose. I
for th moat part of new faces from
Loulslana for the international sugar
eommittee to deal with. The personuel
Of the old committees that have been
going bark and forth to Washington
ui!rgetica!ly and enthusiastically was
not .very strangly representeii on the
new eommittee by which .it ta'hoped to
convince the international sugar com
mittee, of the fact that the food ad
min iatra tion ' proper function at the
beginning, and it. was t never since
changed was on is to encourage pro
duetlon and this committee hopes to be
able to Show the international sugar
committee, that it past '(tUtu.le to
ward Louisiana sugar hat not been
eon.luniva to that end., ,', ;.
"''The meeting Tuesday mated from
two o'clock p. ni. t'o five o'clock p. m.,
J and waa generously attended especially
vj pmuvers irom me geem s...n cnue waiting shipment at Han 'raacico ana
fanner lection of the angar belt in tho .e,,0cted to arrive soon, six forty-fiv
westernmost parishe where several of l0r8Wpower tractors and several iev
the larget and finest factories m the tnty .fiv horsepower machine which
8tate depend entirely upon the small 1 mert tbe pMllent order ot that
Cane growers who must be encouraged 'company. :
to raise cane bv making them feel that
by doiug so they are makiag ns much
money as they would if they gave up
fane nnd raised riee or cotton instead.
It was said by some in attendance that
the gal In ring Tuesday expressed for the
most part general dissatisfaction with
the rttsulta so far obtained with the
present Washington representation of
the association, but they did not feel
like they knew whnt to do at once to
remedy the situation.
"The general opinion was that eight
cents for raw was the lowest price
capable of encouraging greater interest
and consequently greater production of
sugar cane iu this State. This price
would enable the factory owners to
offer the smull farmers enough to make
sugar cane culture sufficiently attrac
tive to them to increase their acreage
next year.
41 As the situation is today there is
grave doubt of any increase ill cane
acreage next year and many have said
that they were not going to even put
down their 1 IM 7 acrenge unless the price
was placed at a high enough figure to
take care of the advanced cost of pro
ductiou, not the least important item of
which is the labor problem. The Mexi
can solution to our labor troubles every
day becomes more vaporous. It is al
most thin air now au.l at a meeting of
planters called by Cliff Williuins, labor
chairman of this district for the govern
ment, the planters were advised that
the government would only help them
with its advice.
Meet Cuba's
Will the Hawaiian
" J
portauce to the 1'nited States and the
allied nations, it would seem highly de
slrable that action be taken to prevent
the Cuban plantations being stripped
of their needed labor supply.
"To accomplish this two steps seem
to be necessary, fine o these is to
I place some limitation upon the recruit
I of uban labor by industrial con
cents in the I'uited tp'tutes. The other
is to facilitate the importation of
Spanish laborers into Cuba. For the
later, shipping is required. Coopera
tion on the part of the shipping au
thurifies of the 1'nited States with the
Cuban and Spanish gov ei 11111. uts 1111
doubtedly would in like it possible to
obtain 11 considerable supply uf labor
from this source.
CATSWMUST GO
The cat is now going to be quaran
tined so far as sugar and flour bags
are concerned. A recent writer points
out that there ale .'1115,000 grocery
stores in the 1 nitcd Ktnt.H and that
thousands of them have cats that come
1 along with germs in their furs like
j diphtheria, tuberculosis, infliicnxa, the
i giippe, and other contagious discuses,
and these cat lie on these bags nnd
I spread disease so the mouse, hunters
. uie to
surety.
be segtegntej to a place of
In
KEEP PLANTS
Industry Is One of the Few Where
Government Is Not Throwing
Difficulties In Way of Securing
New Machrnery ' v
-s ii 'i . ,
Necessary Improvements to keep
production up to the normal wlU go bo
as usual after this year's grinding
starts although ii Is not likely that
many extensive enlargements or im
provement will be' mad. 1 Thera 4r
too many matter, especially thos con
nected with the government's revenue
raising policies, to permit of elaborate;
plans at this time. When the new Vill,
now boing framed by. the houaa.way
and means committee ha been thresh
ed out In and passed by both hoaeaa'vf
rouress it may be that there will be
inneases in some of the programs.'. One
improvement that la' contemplated ia
the putting in of an electrical plant
by one of the Hawaiian Companies. This
does nut meaa the complete -eleetri-II
at ion of It plant but is a step ia
that directiun.
Government Enconragas
While other Industrie, building for
example, have suffered difficulty 4a gat-
needed, supplies, this la not -U
, ? "8" maeninery nouse
" " ,',r,1 .of. tr" w'
""" " w-sr
upon'them by the plantation. At the
office of Catton, Neil Company it it
learned, that the policy of the govern-
meat toward the sugar ladtry of U
couutry is a liberal aa poSU Sad
it i not delayed but i tsxpedlttntf,
I a far a may be, the manufacture and
shipments of everything' neeeuary to
keep sugar plantation up to the max
imum, even if it la not eneouragingia
creases on a large teal. Whil ahip
ment of iteel tad machinery are aoin
what slower than normally because of
war conditions, they are reasonably
prompt uud orders have been filled With
comparatively littl delay.
This state of affairs haa been indi
cated by the continued ahipment of
tractors. W1hn th eeasa 'Is taken
of this usual' tyoi machinery it wllj be
found that there are many more id the
lands than were in use a year ago.
Catton, Neil k Company now have
Oeinand for Tractors
At the present time the Holt Tractor
Company, of .which Catton, Neil k Com
pany la the local, agent, ha a special
representative here, looking over Ia
land conditions. This week he ha
been 011 Kauai and h expect to visit
Ihe other island before leaving.
If the new revenue law permit earn
ings to go into pennaaent improve
ments without taxation tt 1 likely that
the programs of the sugar companies
will be considerably increased and ad
vanced. If such 1 not the eaae, it is
sufe to say that the policies of upkeep
and fnulntujining produetioa through
improved equipment will go on about
as it baa during the paat year. There
is nothing In view, however, to ap
proach In magnitude the improvement
made by Oabu Plantation and com
pleted nearly a year ago.
QVEENsTrVtm'nXEsToW
PRICE FOR ITS SUGAR
: 1 siX
(Queensland ia assured of cheap sugar
for the next two years to come. The
government has bought the crop of
li'lt) hi .1 the crop of 1920 as wall and
will handle or at least direct the distribution.-
The pi ice ' hni is to be paid for all of
the (Joict island sugar for the next two
years is twsnty-one pouhd sterling a
ton. On a basis of 4-8665 thi i
1102.20 a ton or 5.11 cents a pound.
It is the plan of the government to
tlx and maintain a price of three pence
ha ' penny a pound, approximately seven
ci nts, for the two year period.
. w. a s. .
DRAFTEE VOTE BILL
" FAVOBABtr BEP0.RTED
. t
Delegate Kuhio was informed yester
day by radio from his secretary, Angus
F.rly, at Washington, that the house
committee on territories hat reported
favorably on Delegate Kuhlo's bill ex
tending the vote to draftees now serv
ing iu the army. The only proviso is
that the bill Will pass unless the war
department raises an objection.
It is not believed that the war de
partment wiTl oppose the bill in ady
way, and Colouel Merriam, chief of
staff here, say as far as he know
there is no ob.iee'tio on the part of
arinv headquarters.
tr. 1. 1.
LICENSE FEES LOW
According to figures compiled by City
Treasurer Conkliog yesterday, city li
cense fees iu Honolulu are approximate
lv $13,000 less than they were lust
year. This condition is due to the
fact that there are mure than 1200 de
linquents on the city license list, mny
! of whom ure prominent ' in business rir-
cles. It is the intention of the city
treasurer to select some of the most
prominent members of this delinquent
1 list uud to send their names in the city
attorney s department fur legal action,
with view of making an example of
them.
I trr tit tinmniinirn
. -.0
Cuba Needs Only Sixteen Instead
of Hundred Millions To
Finance Its Crop
Announcement of the disbanding of
the banking syndicate formed last win
ter at the request of the international
sugar committee to assist iu. financing
the Cuban sugar crop brings 'to a suc
cessful conclusion an arrangement that
Ii regarded a having done IritUcb to in
ur(.he country of a supply of thi
rammodity. The syndicate agreed to
provide revolving eredifof 1 100,000,
000 to finance tne crop movement, of
which amount only $1(1,000,000 was call
ed for. But the real significance of the
loan arrangement is held to be measur
ed bysUft-effect In establishing it be sit
uation o..a sound- baaia rather than
by th funds actually drafted.
' Th syndicate was formed late last
February upon the instigation of Oeorgn
M. Kolph, then chairman of the inter
national sugar committee, who foresaw
that, with th price-fixing plan adopted
by tlfe government, the usual methods
of sugar finaucing would be disturbed,
throwing the burden on Cuba, which
waa hardly in a position to tske rare
of the .100,000 ton 1917 18 crop then
in prospect. The question of a loan
waa first broached at conference held
in thi city in January, at which the
International sugar eommittee, repro
rbtatlve of the Cuban governmeat and
leading New York banker wer iu at
tendance. Eatimate supplied by the
delegate from Cuba plaeed the amount
needed at $100,000,(100 and thi Mint the
banker agreed to furnish.
Withia a month the financial insti
tutions of the country had been can
vaaaed a to their willingness to parti
cipate in the loaa and the organization
of the syndicate was announced. The
$100,000,000 asked was oversubscribed
by $14,000,000, allotments being made
on an N4 percent basis. The report
showed the following subscription by
cities:
New Orleans 2,250,000
Philadelphia 11,100,000
Chicago 10,200,000
New (York ft 74.fi25.0OO
Boston 5,150,000
$10.1,32.r.,0OO
The remainder of the total subscrip
tion was taken by Pittsburgh, 8t. Louis
and other sections. Much credit for
the oversubscription was given to Mr.
Rolpb.
The immediate result of the loan ar
rangemeut, according to bankers here,
was the creation of confidence on the
part of eugar planters and bankers so
that the latter took a much more active
part in financing the crop than had
been anticipated. The situation proved
to be less critical than had been repre
sented, although a serious emergency
might have arisen if the credit had
not been provided, it is believed, and
consequently the first call upon the
yndirate was not made until the sec
ond week of May when $10,000,000 was
drafted. At the time of this Call, it
was pointed out that, whereas the fed
eral reserve bank rate on indorsed ac
ceptances was 4 percent, the Cuban
producers were paying about 1 percent
above this figure, plus three eighths uf
1 percent to the accepting bank for
ninety day. This worked out at about
8V1 percent per annum.
Further amounts were called for short
ly after the first draft had been made,
making the total which the syndicate
furnished $1(1,000,000. With the emcr
gency passed nnd its wnrk accomplish
ed, the syndicate, comprised of XH
banks throughout the country, disband
ed.
The formation of the syndicate waa
held to be necessary because hitherto
the crop had been marketed through
purchases by New York refiner and
sugar merchants, aided by speculative
buying, and the price fixing step by the
government had completely changed the
situation. Without the loan, efforts to
move the crop, it was contended, would
not meet with much success, particular
ly in view of the shortage of ocean ton
nage, and the burden would fair upon
Cuba, which was without the resources
to earrv it. The plah hit noon by by
the meeting called for the distribution
of the crop in monthly Instruments, from
January to November, inclusive. New
York Journal of Commerce and Com
mercial Bulletin.
w. 1. 1.
ANGUS SNUBS ROOIEK
(leorg Rodiek, former ' manager of
H. Hnckfeld and Co., was given an in
dication of what some of the citizen
of Honolulu think of bim, wheu
he was publicly snublied in the St.
Francis Hotel recently by Capt. George
Angus, uccoiding to a Coast report.
Rodiek greeted Cuptain Angus effusive
ly In the lobby, shortly after the lat
ter 's arrival iu Sau Francisco, and wns
told in a few short words by Captain
Angus that he did not wnut to be seen
iu Ito.liek 's company.
W. a. t. -
As the initial steps towards reducing
its capitali.at ion since the coining of
prohibition to Hawaii, the Honolulu
Brewing uud Malting Company will oti
Saturday distribute to its stock
holders $ I i'.OUO of its assets. This
llrst payment will be at the rate of Uve
dollars u share. No definite plan asi
to the future use of the brewery has
been settled upon, although considers
tion is being given to an offer from
Japanese who are contemplating the
buying of the plant for shipment to
the Orieut.

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