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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, September 17, 1918, Image 4

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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER; 17, 1918. t-SEMI-WEEKLY.:
THE HAWAIIAN GAZETTE
RODERICK 0. MATHESOlt EDITOR
The Week In the War
WITH the exception of the declaration by the
United States that a state of war existed
between this country and Germany no event of
the whole war has appealed to the average Ameri
can mind as of greater importance than the vic
tory of the American army under General Per
shing last week. Being an American offensive,
conducted under the leadership of American offi
cers on a large scale for the first time since the ar
rival of the American expeditionary forces, this
may be considered quite natural even though there
have been so many other operations on much larger
scale and with much greater and extensive objec
tives. It was essentially our own and we have
reason i take pride in our own achievements.
Every nether and every father is sure her and
his bal.v boy is the brightest child that was ever
born and the fighters in the St. Mihiel salient vic
tory were " our boys." So the average American
should not be criticized for his pnt of view.
It is by no means intended to belittle the Ameri
can victory, the full extent of which has not yet
been fully disclosed. The ultimate results which
arc to follow from it may prove of the farthest
reaching importance. What it will (lead to, the
part it plays in the master strategy of the Allies,
later developments will show. It was a glorious
victory, splendidly achieved and the people of all
of the Allied nations are rejoicing with the average
American even though they may feel that their
own achievements in the past overshadow this
American achievement.
Several days before Pershing attacked on both
sides of the St. Mihiel salient it was said in press
reports that the next blow would be precipitated
by the American forces which clearly indicated
that the fighting would flame up to the south. And
so it proved to be.
With the exception of the American victory the
progress of the Allies during the past week has
been less rapid. Falling back into and occupying
new positions, the German defense materially
stiffened. Even so the enemy has found it im
possible to entirely stop the Allied advance, to
hold fully in check the forces of Foch. This has
been manifested about Cambrai, before St. Quentin
and in the direction of Laon and the skirts of St.
'Gobain Woods. Inclement weather, heavy rains
and muddy fields operated to hold back the Allies
during the earlier part of the week.
Then on Thursday and Friday came the Amer
ican smash, with the French assisting at the point
of the salient. Every objective was achieved,
many prisoners were taken and the American ad
vance line moved forward almost to the German
lorder.
Next day major operations were moved fur
ther north and the French thrusts went into the
German line that defends Laon. The importance
of these operations cannot be overestimated. When
Laon is taken the Germans on the Aisne will have
to fall back. They will be unable to hold Chemin
des Dames Ridge and their retirement will be a
long one. This is only one phase, however, for
the taking of Laon and the retirement of the army
of the Aisne will put the Allies in a position to
turn the flank of those armies of the enemy that
hold the line north and those forces must also fall
back. This would force the retirement of the
Prussians from Laon north, would mean a com
plete readjustment and a continuance of heavy
losses to the foe while he Was in retreat. The new
line would foHow the present line to the vicinity
of Metz and would from there on into Flanders
have to fall, -back considerable distances to the
Fast.
General Marsh some weeks since said that the
plans of the Allies for jiext year called for an ad
vance of the Americans into Germany and along
the k' itie. When he said this the weakness of
Gen; had not been clear as it is now. The St.
Miliu i '.rive may be explained by this. It may
be tin merican advance will be called for sooner
than tlif Spring. It is possible that an encircling
movement against Metz may be undertaken and
the American advance will not be from further
south, as has appeared likely.
It is recognized the terrain in those sectors lends
difficulties to advances and there are other reasons
which could be advanced as arguments against a
movement from that end of the line at this time.
Foch is now in a position to move his forces back
and forth and to select, practically at will the
points in the enemy lines he may consider weakest.
I The first result of the Allied victories on the
Western front has been to precipitate a new peace
offensive by the Central Powers. This would
probably have come in the Fall but how different
is the one now being launched from what they had
expected? Berlin expected to be in a position to
dictate, either in or at the gates of Paris and in
possession pf the channel ports. Austria expected
to hold a front far advanced into Italy. Instead,
both are on the defensive. They are in a position
not to offer peace, they must ask it. The tide of
' the war has turned and is fl(xding back against
them irresistably. The Central Powers will find
the Allies less than ever inclined to enter upon
peace parleurs. The peace which will end this war
will be one that is reluctantly accepted by the
Central Powers, not one of their offerings.
In Siberia the campaign is progressing well to
the liking of the Allies. The advances have been
lapid and the successes have been important. The
capture of the Amur River fleet of the Bolsheviki
1ms been one of the important announcements but
Jbe JJiftin news to come from the Siberian and Rus
TUESDAY MORNING,
SEPTEMBER 17, 1918.
THE ADVERTISER'S SEM1EILY
sian fronts was the effecting of a juncture of the
forces from North Russia and those of Siberia.
News comes slowly from this theater but the news
that is coining in indicates a weakness, alnrbst an
absence of morale in the radical fortfes and a spirit
of confidence and determination in the Allies that
i? not to be denied.
On the Italian front there have been some opera
tions in which both sides have claimed advantages
with indications that the greater lie with the Al
lies. These operations have not been of major im
portance and there is no likelihood of any strong
Austrian attacks for that country has had to send
troops to the assistance of its tottering ally.
From Albania come reports of some fighting but
none of great importance.
Most significant of the news of the week con
nected with the continuance and the conduct of
the war is the awakening of the enemy to a reali
zation that defeat is inevitable and that the Central
Powers hope for better terms now than they could
expect to secure later.
w. a. s.
Out Deviling the Devil
SO strong has been made the case of Humanity
against Germany that it has seemed that noth
ing could be added but the committee on public
information, in the despatches which are published
in The Advertiser this morning has presented an
array of cumulative evidence, so direct, so conclu
sive and so utterly damning that one is aghast at
the magnitude of the plot and the super-diabolism
of the plotters.
There has been evidence before that Germany
deliberately planned to bring about the war. It is
shown that the Prussian war lords ordered the
mobilization of industries on June 9, 1914, long
before the pretext for war had been found. There
was sufficient evidence that Germany plotted
against the industries of the United States long
before this country entered the war. Now it is
shown that this plotting started as early as No
vember, I'M 4, and included even then sabotage and
the employment of anarchists and ex-convicts to
carry out the plots.
Primarily the evidence shows how Germany
financed the Bolsheviki revolution, that Lenine
and Trotsky are paid German tools and have been
carrying out their master's bidding. It shows Ger
man plans to secure the materials Russia had se
cured from the Allies. It is a marvelous story of
plotting and conspiracy.
Startling indeed is the evidence of Teuton plans
for the control of Russian industry and the com
plete exclusion of the Allies front; Russian commer
cial affairs for five years after the war. It shows
exactly what the world may expect from any Ger
man made peace and it makes clear that there can
be not even consideration of peace until the Teu
ton shall have been brought to his knees, the
Prussian war lord crushed and humbled in the dust
and the German manufacturer and banker shall
humbly plead for that mercy which theyif they
were able, would deny to a suppliant world.
The evidence presented by Edgar Siison is
probably the most graphic and convincing picture
of the spirit which dominates Germany that has
ever been presented. It comes just as Austria sug
gests peace parleurs and it makes it evident how
impossible would be the granting of peace at this
time or at any time until the spirit of Germanism
shall have beci destroyed for all time.
W. 8. I.
PASSING HOUR
At last it has been discovered why Link Mc
Candless is such "small potatoes." He grows 'em
in his front yard. But would he not find it more
profitable to grow rice instead.
Sunday motor trips were the more enjoyable
yesterday because it was known that they were
not being taken in the face of any requests to the
contrary from the government.
The chamber of commerce of Seattle is planning
a " Japanese Night" for a get together with the
Japanese residents of the city. Beats all how sen
timent changes on the Pacific Coast.
It is reported that the Germans have destroyed
their "Big Berthas" as the guns in the St. Gobain
forest with which they have sought to terrorize
Paris at long range are called. The Hun would
keep his power for frightfulness a deep dark secret
which it is to be hoped will die with him.
Establishment of the Students' Army Training
Corps at the College of Hawaii and the rules and
regulations which the war department will throw
around the institutions where such corps are es
tablished, insures that whatever may have been
the situation in the past, in the future all those
connected with the college will have to be one
hundred percent American.
Residents of German Alsace are said to be
"trembling like little children" at the growing
thunder of big guns as the front is thrown nearer
to tliem "It makes a difference whose ox is
goared," but the Germans need feel no such fears
and harbor no such terrors as the people of Bel
gium and France have felt. It is an army of
civilized not "kultured" men that is approaching.
BREVITIES 1
Tk Man! Chamber of Commerce at
itl Meeting tat Thursday afternoon
went on record favoring the hold
log of Mone' territorial fair next
year, altihongh there was Rome op
position. President H. Rice told those
present that there was a plan on foot
to have the nest territorial fair hold
on Maul.
The sum of 4433.(14 was realised at
the recent moving picture entertain
ments given by a Japanese committee
at the Honolulu Theater, on Aala
street, to raise a fund with which to
firovide every Japanese draftee now
d the military ser vires of the United
States jn Hawaii with comfort hits.
There are bout 700 Japanese soldiers
at Fort Shatter and the Schoficld Bar
racks.
iHarry Chong, a Honolulu boy who
left here with the engineers the time
the Aloha Parade was given, has writ
ten to J. H. Magoon to tell of his
arrival, jn England with the Forty
seventh Engineers. Wjth his letter,
Chong included ft copy of King
George's greeting, which is given to
American soldiers arriving in Kurope.
Chong was formerly employed at the
Bijou Theater.
Ichio, .iSftdao and ,Yasno Katsuki,
three sons of Doctor and MVs. I. Knt
suki of this city, have been granted by
Minister of Interior R. Misuno of
Japan permission to dir,lnim their
Japanese eitisenship so that they ran
retain their American eitisenship alone.
The official notification of the granting
of the requests for the Katsuki children
to abandon Japanese citizenship being
received at the local Japanese con
sulate.
Jay O. Warner, of the local Y. XL
C. A. staff, has been assigned to take
charge of the work of the Y. M. C. A.
on the Island of Kauai to succeed
Charles F. Loomis, who organised the
work there. Mr. Warner will make his
home in Lihue.
Oovernor McCarthy has received a
letter from an unknown admirer in
the American forces who is highly
elated at his prospect of soon getting
"across." The letter, which was sign
ed "Buts", was A follows: "Dear
Gov.: Off for Berlin! Wish you were
along."
Peter Miguel, a young Hawaiian
youth who pleaded guilty in the fed
eral court yesterday to making swipes
for "his grandmother," was fined for
ty dollars. The fine was paid by his
relatives and he was released. There
was no evidence ho had made the
swipes to sell.
Dnring the week-end Robert W.
Shingle and Postmaster D. H. Mac
Adam visited Honolulu,, Ewa and Wni
anae plantations in behalf of the War
Havings Stampa campaign. They were
accompanied by P. . Lee, secretary
of the campaign committee, and by II.
Miki, Japanese committeeman.
Robert Anderson, manager of the
Mineral Products Company, has
reached Honolulu to attend a, meeting
of the stockholders of the company
which is to be held ,La the chamber
of commerce rooms at three o'clock
this afternoon. , He will make a de
tailed report of the company 's bum
ness.
Important communications have been
received by the American Red Cross
for Miss Mlsy Girsch, P. O. Box 90,
Honolulu, Hawaii, and Walter Jung
mann, care of Hermsheln & Co., Hono
lulu. Tbey are asked to call at the
Red Cross headquarters, Castle &
Cooke building, and receive the com
munications.
Mayor J. J. Fern, staged a "victory
celebration" all his own yesterday at
noon time. Carrying a large American
flag the mayor headed a procession
of the Hawaiian band through the
business streets. The band was fol
lowed by children carrying the flags of
the Allies. The band stopped before
the city hall where it played the an
thema of the Allies and America.
Charles Wiong pleaded guilty in the
federal court yesterdny to having
"loaned" two bottles of beer to a
woman who was in the employ of the
city detectives. He was sentenced to
thirty days in jail and to pay a f'no
of fifty dollars. Judge Horace Vai.g
han asserted when sentencing him that
he "would send the entirp population
of the Islands to jail if necessary in
- order to stop the sale of liquor in
Hawaii."
The territorial affairs c mmittee of
the chanvlier of common e yesterday
ronsidered the question (f im(orting
Chinese labor into the Inanda to re
place laborers drswn into 'Me srmy by
the drsft and because or the neces
sity of maintaining the rie , sugar arid
pineapple crops to their miximum out
put. The entire question i ill be con
sidered shortly at a special neeting of
the chamber to be called by President
F. C. Atherton.
Hard toShake Off
That Backache
The daily grind it made ten times
worse when afflicted with lame back,
sharp, darting pains, headaches, ditxi
nets and annoying kidney difficulties.
If yon want to shake it off before
there's danger of gravel, dropsy, or
Bright'a disease use Doan's Backache
Kidney Pills. They are praised the
world over by thousands who have had
relief from those exact troubles.
"When Tour Back is Lame Remem
ber the Name." (Don't simply ask for
a kidney remedy ask distinctly for
Doan 'a Backache Kidney Pills and take
no other). Doan's Backache Kidney
Pills are sold by all druggists and store
keepers, or will be mailed on receipt of
price by the Hollister Drug Co., or
Benson Smith t Co., agents for the
Hawaiian Islands. (Advertisement)
1 PERSONALS
Dr. M. E. Grossman has returned
from aa extended stay on the main
land. S. 8. Paxaon, 'president ef the board
of health, has left for Hilo on an offi
cial visit.
Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Wadaworth, of
Wsiluku, Maul, are guests at the
Young Hotel.
Charles ,A lief eftrv5ldate ffrthe
senate from Ka&isf it aaf Afarrivat tUrn
the Garden Island and is registered at
the Young Hotel.
Miss Mae Weir of the board of
health, who has been spending her
vacation on the Big Island, principally
at the Volcano House, is expected to
return to Honolulu this morning.
Fred Harrison, who has been se
riounly ill for the past ten days, is
on the road to recovery at his home
in Kaalawai, according to a report
rqeeived, ftom hif relates (lat Jijht.
Mrs. James D. Dole received news
vesterday that her nephew, Herbert
Dickey, of Piedmont, California died
on Hunday, presumably at Mare Island.
He was about nii.cteen years of age
and had enlisted in the signal corps
of the navy at M)are Island.
Colonel Edward Carpenter, who will
be remembered here as Csptain Car
penter, coast artillery corps, is n'ow
on the staff of General Pershing as an
inspector general. fColnnel Carpenter
and wife, after leaving Honolulu, went
to Han Francisco where the former
was on duty in charge of the army
guard at the San Francisco 1915 ex
position. W. a, s.
Japanese Newspaper,
Now Reformed, To
Be Published Again
Kealakekua Weekly Lost Mailing
License Through Attack On
United States Army Has
Changed Hands and Will Be
Loyal
After seven months of suspension, the
Kona Weekly, a Japanese paper pub
lished in Kealakekua, Kona, Hawaii,
will be re issued in the near future. The
name of the publication will be changed
to .liyu Shinbun, or the Liberty News.
The Kona Weekly was edited by H.
Kaito at the time when it was Sup
pressed by the post oftVe authorities
early this year for malting some objec
tionable remarks about the United
States army. It Raid that the raw ma
terials wero made into Boldiery in
"only a night," hinting that the Amer
ican drafted army lacked proper train
ing. The loose writing by the Japanese
editor was soou brought to the atten
tion of the draft officials of Kona as
well as the post office authorities here.
After a thorough investigation into the
mutter, the authorities ruled Kaito had
gone too far in publishing unwarranted
attacks on the army, and the United
States postmaster general's permit for
the Kona publication was revoked by
the post office authorities.
As every publication in a foreign
language is under strict supervision of
the post office authorities, the revoking
of a permit made it necessary for Saito
to file with the post master a true trans
lation of all articles appearing in his
paper in every issue, before the paper
could be accepted for mail or otherwise
distributed. Such a step amounting to
almost a suppression, Saito was forced
to suspend publication of the weekly
paper and left Kona for Hilo to accept
the secretaryship of the Japanese Mer
chants' Association in the Big Island
city.
H. Saeki, a resident of Kealakekua,
backed by some prominent Japanese of
the Kona village, has recently pur
chased the paper establishment from
Saito to re issue it in the near future.
A new name, ''Liberty News,' was
esperially selected, says Saeki, to sig
nify the loyalty of the reorganized Jap
ancse weekly toward the United States
go eminent ami support of its war
policy.
w. s. a.
Schuman Carriage Co. Brings
Collection Suit Against Two of
Its Former Employes
Writs of attachment aggregating
4700 yesterday were prepared for ser
vice on K. T. Moses, by the Schuman
Carriage Company, says the Daily Tri
bunc of September 13. Coupled with
Moses' name is that of S. 8. l'axson,
former manager of the Schuman Com
pany, who is alleged to be directly in
Usresttjd, with Moses iu certain property
in Hilo. In addition to hia Hilo in
terests being attached, Paxson 'a Hono
lulu interests also have been attached,
or rather they will be when the papers
in connection are served iu the Capital
city.
Attorney Carl S. Carlsmith is repre
senting the Schuman Carriage Co. in
the attachment proceedings, which in
volve the building and land upon which
the Schuman Carriage Company's Hilo
branch is located. There is also still
unsatisfied a former attachment for
L'liOO.
There 'was also yesterday served on
J. K. Kujii, at present the deputy eoun
ty treasurer, who was formerly an em
ploye of the Schuman Carriage Compa
ny, an order culling for the payment
of three amounts which make up a to
tal of fl.TI.14. One count claims that
money was borrowed on a promissory
note, the scrim, I that goods purchased
were not paid for ami the thrid count
state that certain I. (). U.'s remain,
ed unpaid.
The matter will probably come be
fore the court iu the near future.
PAX N AND MOSES
ARE BOTH ATTACHED
ijLATE GRIND MAY
BRING NEW PRICE
FOR RAV SUGARS SWEEPING FORWARD
Government Gets Profits On All
Suaar.Made Before New
p.' j? it 'Price' Is Operative
FOOD ADMINISTRATION
GIVES DETAILS OF PLAN
Cubas Purchased By interna
tional Committee For About
Five and a Half Cents
Additional profits on refined sugar
go to the government until the new
price of raws shall go into effect. This
affects all sugar now in transit or on
hand at the factories of the producers
of raws or in storage awaiting ship
ments. Apparently it will not affect
the sugar of this crop that is ground
after the date when the new raw price
of 7.38 cents is made effective In
this way it is not unlikely that a part
of the 1018 crop of Hawaiian sngar,
the late grind, will come in for the
higher price, how much depending on
the date fixed for the payment of 7:38
Cents a pound for raw sugars.
In the Offlrial Bulletin of Monday,
August 26 appeared an announcement
by the food administration which an
swers a number of questions in which
Hawaiian sugar producers are vitally
interested. The announcement follows:
As a consequence of the higher price
for the domestic beet and cane sugars
which will be soon coming into the mar
ket, and in order to minimize tho in
equalities that would result from hav
ing this new domestic crop at the new
price and tho old foreign crop at the
old price in the market at the same
time, the food administration announces
that the United States sugar equaliza
tion board will on a date to be an
nounced later purchase all sugars in
the country or in transit at the old
price and immediately resell them back
to the holders at the new price. The
exact date at which the new priro
will become effective has not yet been
determined, nor has it been settled
yet what the new price will be.
Absorb Excess Profit
By this device tho extra profit which
would otherwise accrue to tho refiners,
who purchased at the old prico and
would sell on the basis of the new,
will be absorbed by the sugar equnliz.a
tion board, hirh is the government
agency charged with the equalisation
of sugar prices, afid which is handling
the machinery of sugar distribution in
the country.
The food administration is notifying
all distributers or manufacturers using
sugar and all refiners of the impending
change and warning the distributers
and manufacturers that all their eon
tracts should be made subject to any
change in price that is authorized. Tt
is reminding tho distributers also of
tho rule that requires them to sell on
the basis of invoice cost without re
gard to market or replacement value.
The price difficulty which this action
is designed toieet romes about through
the fact that the sugar from Cuba sent
to the United States refineries and the
sugar from the domestic beet and rane
fields overlap in the market. The food
administration some time ago agreed
with the domestic producers that an
Increase of price was justified on the
new crop.
Text of the Notice
The notice being sent to he rnno
refiners of the country announcing this
action is as follows:
"In the near future the domestic
beet and rane sugar crops will be com
ing on the market. The increased cost
of producing these crops requires nn in
crease in the price which can bo charged
for refined sugnr. The food adminis
tration feels that it will be more satis
factory if a uniform price for sugar
prevails throughout the United States
after allowing for freight differentials,
than a two price svstem such as de
veloped last fall. Tn anv event it is
not proper to allow refiners to sell
refined sugar manufactured from raws,
purchased at the price of the 1 ! 1 7 1
Cuban crop at tho higher price to b
arranged for new crop domestic sugars.
Equalization of Price
"One of the purposes for which the
TTnited States sugar equalization board
has been incorporated is for equalizing
the prico of refined sngar in rnses of
this kind. Tho food administration re
quests you to transfer to tho equalisa
tion board all of the sugar owned bv
yon on the date when the price is
raised, and all sngar which is still due
you under the contract of December
24 between the international sugar
committee, the others at cost plus a cer
tain allowance hereafter referred to.
The sugar equalization board will im
mediately resell to you the same sugar
at a price to be based on the increased
price for domestic refined sugar. Tho
entire stock of tho sugar equalization
board is held bv tho United States, and
anv profit made on this transaction
will be used bv the board in paying its
expenses and for equalizing sugar con
ditions throughout the United States.
Old Crop Sugars
"Tho old crop of domestic sugars
will bo purchased from tho producers
on tho present basis and will be resold
to the mine parties on t'ie basis of the
advanced price
"The pro-posed change in prico will
become effective at 7 o'clock n m. on
a dav to bo indicated later, and will
apply to nil sugars then held bv re
flners, beet or cane sugar producers
wherever located, ami also to nil ship
merits then in transit ftnd undelivered
bv railroad or other carrier to purchiis
ers of wll'mr. excepting onlv that t''r
proposed change in price will not npnlv
on anv shipments or deliveries made lie
fore 7 a. m. on tho date of its hiking
effect to the 1'nitpd Stntes I'oveinnient
or its' allies, or Tor export or overcns
sh ii'tnents. ' '
The food administration also announ
res thnt at the same time that the new
ugar price becomes effective refiners
AMERICAN FORCE
STRAIGHTENS UNE
Gains of One Or Two Miles Are
Made At Several Points of
Thirty three Mile Front
METZ FORTRESSES ARE
FIRING ON SAMMIES
Longest Advance Is Made Along
Right Which Sweeps Along
Moselle River
WASHINGTON, September lft (As
sociated Press) Consolidating hit
gains as he advanced, General Per
shing and his army continue to make
good progress towsrd the Gorman bor
der. Although facing the roeently
strengthened llindonourg defenses, the
German artillery nnd machine gun fire,
and the more distant tiro that is being
directed against them from the fort
resses before Metz the American army
cont'iiued on yesterday for gains vary
ing from one to three miles, there being
secured in the general straightening of
the lines to which tho day was chiefly
devoted. The artillery and machine
gun fire seemed to hinder them but
little.
American lines advanced along the
loft bank of the Moselle, said the com
munique of last night. Behind the
main lines are now included V'ilcey
and Norroy. Counter attacks which
were launched in tho vicinity of St.
llilairo were easily repulsed and a
number of prisoners were taken.
Seventy two more guns, abandoned
by the enemy in his hasty retreat have
been taken bringing the total secured
in the clearing of the salient up to 200
of larger caliber besides thousands of
machine gnus.
It required only twenty seven .hours
to reduce the salient which liberated
from the Gorman yoke l.r0 square miles
of territory and gave to tho American
forces more than l.r,(M)0 prisoners.
Othen despatches from I.orniiuo head
quarters said that Pershing had gain
id a considerable territory in straight
ening out the long line, the right swing
ing along tho Moselle for the longest
gain. Notwithstanding that much t.me
has been spent in the strengthening of
the llinileiiburg line it would not iur
prise military observers if it yielded
and full back without milking a great
at niggle.
A London night official despatch said
that fine progress continued to be made
by General Pershing. Since Saturday
afternoon ho had advanced from two
to three miles on a thirty three mile
front and some of the fortresses before
Metz had come into action against him.
Other despatches received from the
American front earlier yesterday said
that the enemy sought repeatedly to
counter attack on Friday, Saturday and
yesterday morning but all attacks had
("en repulsed and further gains achiev
ed. will be nlowc'l an increased margin for
cost and profit over the present mar
gin of $1..')0 a hundred pounds. The
new margin will be $1.45 per h II nil red
and will be retroactive, dating from
August 1. The increase is granted on
the evidence that from August 1, 1919,
the refiners will operate at a greatly re
duced capacity, bringing about an in
creased cost, per unit, due to a shortage
supply of raw sugar and increased cost
of labor, material, and containers.
Mr. Straus Referee
I'pon the presentation of the refiners'
request for an increased margin last
May. the food admi nist rat ion, after con
sidering the matter, tiiiui-d it over to
the lion. D.rnr S. Straus as referee to
determine whether an increase was jus
tifieil. Mr. Stnius called upon the
tariff commission for expert advice, and
lifter two months' investigation by the
tiirifT commission and study by Mr.
Stnius lie reported that from January
I to July 1. HUH. the $ I ..'lit margin gave
n fair ami adequate profit, and tliat
if the con. I it ions should remain the
Miine for the reiiini uibr of the wear
no additional margin would be justified,
1'iit that the possibilities of lack of
law sugar, increase of wages, and ill
cost of materials, fuel, and containers
would have a bearing on the proper
doi isiuii. and since he could not decide
upon, tlx- probability of these contin
gencies he leferred the settlement of
this matter to the food administration.
Thereupon the food administration ap
pointed a special committee to take the
matter up. This committee consisted of
V. V. Taussig, Theodore V. Whitniarsh,
('. M. Woolev, Robert A. Taft, Oeorge
A. Ziibriskie and George M. Rolpb. This
committee litis now determined that the
increnseil margin is justified.
Fln Now Operative
The date fof" the entering into effect
of the new plan was afterward announ
ced in coniiei'tion with nine cent price
fur refined sugar and since then the
government has been securing the in
creased profit through the sugar equali
zation boanl. Tin' dn'e when the high
er price for raws b, effective has not
v et been n n - .. d.
Cuban Crop Purchased
A message received yesterday from
the committee on public information
said that the sugar equuli'.nt ion board
iiiinoii'ices that it has closed a contract
with the ('ilium ministry for the pur
chase of the new Cuban sugar crop, at
a price about $5.50 a hundred pounds
free on board at Cuban irts. This
pimhase is made on behalf of the
1'nite.l States, Mritish, French and Ital
ian govci nuicnts just as w as the pur
chase of I he l!US c rop.
- W. g. 8.
Treatment for Dysentery.
Chunilici I ii i n 's Culii and Diarrhoea
Kerned v follow ed by u dose of castor
oil will clVect uiilly cure the most stub
lioi n cases of tlysciitt'i v. It is I'Hpo-
-1 1 1 1 1 y g 1 for summer diarrhoea in
1 1 i I I ii . Por Mile by all dealers. Ben
si ii. Smith & Co., Ltd , ugents (orjlla
w h 1 1. - Adv.

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