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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, September 20, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1918-09-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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YESTERDAY'S WEATHER
l). WA THE BTKBAO
Bpt. 19, 101 l.at twenty,
fourr hours', raUall,. ' 0.00.
TprtM,,MiB rSi'ttai.,
83. Wither .Cloddy;" T .
FOOD FORECAST FOR TODAY
V
On Wheatlese and One MmUm MmI
4
VOL. til; " NO." 76 V-v.v.
HONOLtiW HAWAII TERRITORY. FRltfAY, SKJ'TEMHER 20, 1918. SEMI-WEEKLY.
WHOLE NUMBER 4773
SITUATION OF
PlBftS BECOMES
MORE SERIOUS
British Oains Between Cambrai
And St. Quentin and French
Gains Just South Makes Ger
man's Hope of Holding Line
Fade
NEW YORK, Scptcmler 20 (Associated Tress) With ten
thousand prisoners taken during the past two days by the
British in their drive against the Ilindenburg line between St. Quen
tin and Cambrai, and with the French eating steadily into the de
fenses southwest of St. Quentin, the situation of the Germans rest
ing their hopes upon the Ilindenburg defenses becomes more des
perate. While the resistance to the Franco-British advance on the Cam-brai-St.
Quentin sector is growing more and more stiff, with fresh
troops being brought into the fight to hold these two fortress posi
tions, it is noticeable in all the reports that the Germans have not
been sending any counter attacks forward of a serious nature. All
the correspondents on this front agree that the Germans appear to
have plenty of men, but there is an equal "agreement on the fact
that their stomach for offensive fighting appears to- be very weak.
PRISONERS AND GUNS TAKEN
Last night General Haig reported that during the past two days j
the number of Germans captured northwest of St. Quentin has grown
to more than ten thousand, while more than sixty big guns have,
also been taken. .
1 ; Besides the nearly three thousand prisoners taken by the Bri
tish the Germans lost heavily ,in the one counter attack of import
ance they delivered, thi being alonj'the sector' At Mbeurres, directly
; west of Cambrai, , Here -the; attacking ehcraj'jivw fed "down by
' thyrUtgitdiia f,!' -
'; '' From ttie southern end of this sector along a front of several
miles to s6uth of Gouzeaucourt, where the British front crosses the
Hindcnburg line, the Germans maintained a heavy bombardment of
the British lines and of the roads in the rear, but attempted no
infantry attacks. 1
NO VIGOROUS COUNTERS
Even after the British had seized the heights northwest of St.)
Quentin yesterday and reached advanced positions which menace I
the Ilindenburg line'at this new place, the Germans made no vigor
ous efforts to regain any part of the ground. L'nless the Germans j
do counter attack here in force before the British can thoroughly
consolidate the positions, their hold upon St. Quentin and the Hin-'
denhurg defenses along a wide front are gone.
Yesterday's gains by both British and French mark a material)
development of the drive against both St. Ouentiu and Cambrai.;
The French struck powerfully southwest of the former city and ,
gained ground that brings the southern edge of the nippers into a '
better position than ever to squeeze the garrison out of the fortress)
and force the abandonment of valuable ground.
CONTINUE ENCIRCLING MOVEMENT
In yesterday's attacks the French reached the outskirts of Benay,
directly south of St. Quentin, while the important town of Con
tescourt and the town of Castres, further to the northeast, are en
tirely in French- hands.
A short distance north of here the llritisli made further progress
on Wednesday night and yesterday in the movement which designs
the encirclement of St. Quentin. The advance proceeded north of
1'ontruet and reached the German outposts on the Ilindenburg line.
Renewing their attacks the Australian forces carried several
German outposts on the Ilindenburg line, their victorious forward
sweep capturing L' Empire and Gauchy wood, to the west of the
town of Gauchy. The Anzacs took considerable numbers of pris
oners, guns, machine guns and supplies.
MEET STOUTER RESISTANCE
On the Aisne-Ailette front the French met with a stouter resist
ance from a strengthened foe. Heavy counters were launched by
the Germans west of Jouy but all were repnlsed with sanguinary
losses.
On the Vesle front, where the French and Americans hold the
Allied line, the Germans sought to counter attack northeast of t'our
landon but the attack fell down completely in the face of the heavy
artillery fire which it met from the French lotteries.
WILSON PROPOSALS tBIG FERRO-MANGANESE
APPEAL TO LABORERS
Inter-Allied Conference Advised
To Espouse Them
l,O.MK)V, Hopt.Miil.er I'.l (f)lli.ii.li
Itiirtiii mi I hi T(ij(i.inl of ttm
American dfli'yiiti'H tluit the lntcrul
lieil I.alnir mill Hoi ialint rmiferpiici' en
ilnriic tin1 fiiiirtix'ii pniKils of l'ri'ni
llit WiImoii u till' nir Binl 111'nri' liiiiM
of tin' Htnti'H, tin' foriMKii n-
1lticillH of (ho I'Olifi'ri'iue ri'porti'il to
iliiv in tiTiiiH even Ht runner tliliu tlium'
iroiosi'd I iy the Aiin'riiHii ili'li'iitrs.
Tin" report hh )iri'MCiit i'iI mi l wliirh
it in fully ixi('i'ti'l will tin uilotdl
ny in part: " We recouiiiicii'l tlmt
this I'onft'rencn milmiriln' to tlif four
ti'on pointM forniulntfil liy ProHlilcnt
WiIhiiii hi war. or peiii'fi aims thna
HiloptinK u polii y of rlcurnpHN nnil moil
trillion u oppoHcil to a policy ilicta
ttit enlunlvely by chUri ou tke
WORKS ARE OPERATING
(ili:.'r FALLS, Montana, Koptem-
lil'l III.- 1 1 Itlir ill I I - IplTII I IHIlM IllIM'
l.t'.'ii stiuli'ii in one .if tliv imiiM'i In r
I'xl fcrin niHiiuu ni'W pliintf which Iiiih
lii'cii cri'i'tcil nciir here. The plnnt con
t:iin live furiiHfCH nnil will prmlui't
ninety Ioiih of ferrn inn iiraiiOMe ilaily
which is iiiiiiikIi to treat 10.01)11 tonn
1. 1 -ted.
Thi plan' whs built at the reipient
nf tl'e I'ovcniinciit so that hlnps mImcIi
liBe been brin'inj; terra inn nunese
from CiiIih Mini Noutli Ameriitiii Kirts
mm' be releriM'il to carry other war
Niipplip. It ill a part of a new policy
or iii'hm'rial plan umler which the Cn
itetl States ia to proiluce it uerln
no far n niny be potsible at home and
reniierpd t"r indept'iiilcut of other
countrlen auil diftlculties which are at
tudant npon ahipplng aud Imports.
WESTERN FRONT a.s it exists today and line upon which Germany will probably fall back.
The shaded portion of the map shows the' Allied gains since General Foch assumed the offen
sive. Toward the lower right corner from the center is seen the St. Mihiel salient. The probable
new line-li the dotted line to the right of the present line and runs trom Axel to the Aresnt line
. U ,M H, , L.
?. I.
i mm in
t I w . l m
NEED OF SUPPLIES
Suffer Reverses In Eastern Rus
sia Because They Are
Short of Munitions
NKW YOU K, September -'0 ( A no
ciateil I'reHH i While in Siberia the
( 'I'. liii Slov'iik' nnil tli"ir Allies i-on
tin'ie their fuccessful proreHH in Hast
em linsNiii the ( Vci hu Slovaks are
suffering ball v fur lin k of inunit Ioiik,
fnipplit'A anil i 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 ii L which they are
looking to the Allies to furnish them.
In tluit comity they have suffered con
silient Me reverses in consequences of
then poor piepnreilness to meet attacks.
Loiiilou despatches snv that they are
beine; hard pressed by the Holsheviki
and their Teutonic nllies who lire tieiii(
assistc. I directly by the (iermaus.
In the face of stroiiK and well armed
forces the I '.echo Slo aks have been
forced to (jie way and the enemy has
occupied Volsk, Simbirsk and Kazan.
The fall of Ku.au is reported to have
been due chiefly to the lack of ani'iiil
nition.
Refugee say tlint I'etroejrad is en
tirely in the hands of anarchists but
that reports that a lare part of the
city has been burned are exaggerated.
NEW COMMANDER IS
CALLER ON WILSON
WASHINGTON, September ltt (Otll
eiah Major (ieneral Jaiiin, the French
army officer who recently deijjuat
ed to coii)iuHad tlit" Oiteeho Slovak
armies in Kraiuc, Italy Hint Russia, call
cd on I'resi.lenl Wilson today to pay
his compliments to the American chief
I'xccul i e.
Major (ieneral .lauiii is now on his
way to Vladivostok and the Siberian
headipiartcrs where he will direct the
operations of the Czechoslovak forces.
- w. a. a. -- -
BAKU CAPTURED IS
CLAIMED BY TURKS
I' A KIP, 8fUiii)..'T ,UUl(s(oiiiitml
Press) Counant i uople despatches
claim the capture from the British and
Armenians of Baku. This important
Caspian port was entered some weeks
ago by British forces from across north
western I'crsia. At that time it was
being held by the Armenians.
- w. s. s. - -
CONSTANT AIR RAIDS
TERRIFYING GERMANS
AMSTEHHAM, September M- (Asso
eiated 1'iessi Allied aviators arc daily
showering bombs upon Cologne, Colder,
and other cities it is said in the lie!
volk, copies of which have been re.
ceive.l. Many are being killed in these
raids ami many of the residents of the
raidud towns ars fleeing to Holland.
CZECHO SLOVAKS IN
HUBER WILL SEEK TO AMEND
SHEPPRRD PROHIBITION LAW
HIXO, September 19 (Special to The Adrcrtiaer) United States
Attorney S. C. Huber and United States Marshal Smlddy yesterday and
last evening raided four "swipes" distilleries and, after taking samples
loi evider.ee, spilled more than 200 gallons of the illicit stuff. Later they
I'jtt for Kona where it is expected that further raids will be made.
Before leaving for Kona, United States Attorney Huber said that
their trip is for the purpose ol obtaining personal information so that he
i an report the situation to Washington with a view to securing amend
ments to the Sheppard act whlc h will give to the county police and to the
territorial courts equal Jurisdiction with the federal officials and the fed
eral courts in the enforcement of the law, the arrest and the prose
jiitlon of offenders under It.
GERMAN CLAIM IS PRETENSE
American Victory Well Earned
WAslllNUTO.N. September L'l) ( As
siKiatcl l'lessi- (.'opus of (ierman or
ders, captured with prisoners who arc
now in I lie hands of the Americans tie
t'ore Metz, prove that the (ivriuan boast
flint the Americans cleared the St.
Mihiel salient because the (iermaus re
tired in a. -cor. hi i with plans lonp con
sidered for the I'vacuation of the salient
is typical of the (icnuaiis and their
. o 1 1 1 - ..f t-In i m inn 1!'t reverses they
receive are voluntary releases of terri
tory. These orders slum that the Tenth
(Ierman division had orders to hold the
salient and detailed instructions for its
defense.
8how No Spirit
Although the enemy is now entrench
ed ulony the sect. n. I line of Ilindenburg
Kystcln along the front to the southwest
of Metn they appear I" have accepted
the new situation without question.
They now appear to In- employing al
most wholly defensive tactics and are
carrying out half lien i tedly a seeming
Iv perfunctory bom l:i r.l inent of the
American litieR. Kven the challenges
AMSTKKIUM, September "JO- - ( As
sociatcl I'ressi Main were killed and
injured in a fire and th" resulting panic
in an Austrian inuni'ioiis works. Of
ficial despatches from Vienna snv that
a fire broke out in the Woellcs.loi ft" am
munition factorv near Vienna. A panic
among the shell wo'l.ers followed in
their elTolts to escape to.ni the expect
ed explosions.
------ w. . s.
ALBERT STRAUSS NAMED
WASHINGTON, He tcmber 10 (As
sociate I l'ress) - All ei t Strauss of
New York wa,s nominated today to
succeed Paul Warhnro as a member of
the federal reserve board.
MUNITION WORKS NEAR ,
VIENNA ARE BURNED
i
-9
a
I to combat of American and French
patrols are permitted to pass unheeded
except where conflict is unavoidable
Aircraft Valuable
ilovv large and important was the
part which aviation played in the of
tensive operations at St. Mihiel is told
in despatches which give some details
of the first four days of the fighting
in that sector.
In spite of the heavy rainB which
liad transformed the airdromes into seas
of mud and thus seriously handicapped
the aviatons in their take ofTs and
landings, in two days the aviators made
o.VKI sorties aggregating 4000 flying
hours. They thoroughly bombed the
enemy nirdromes so that the foe was
unable to accomplish much in air ub
servation or in nlr defense. Hcsides
thin the Allied pilots and observers
fired more than riO.IHM) rounds from
their machine gun at convoys and at
other points where the enemy wus con
gregateil ill force.
The day on all American held sectors
was generally quiet yesterday.
LIST OF CASUALTIES
IS SLIGHTLY LARGER
WASHINGTON, September JO (As
soeiateil l'ress) - Casualties reported in
the bts released yesterday numbered
.'-."i, of which o'h were army and nine
were Marine Corps.
The army casualties were sixtv one
killed, twenty one dea l of wound-,
twenty dead of other causes, l.M
wounded and SI minsing.
Olllcers included in the list were
Cupt. Holvedere Brooks, New York,
killed iu action and ('apt. Roger I).
I.nphaiil, New York, severely wounded.
Marine Corps casualties were three
killed in action, four dead of wounds
aud two wounded.
FRENCH
FLAT
3ULGARS CRUSHED
IN HASTY FLIGHT
Leave Wounded and Others Be
hind But Seek To Devastate
Country They Leave
LONDON, September "0 - ( Associat
ed 1'rcBfii Hrokcri and shattered un
iter the eont limine; lilows of the Trench.
the Serbians, the Hritish and the d reeks
the Bulbars and their (ierman reinforce
mentu continue in full flii'lit. Hehind
them they are leaving Bounded and ,
others to fall into the hands of the '
Allies as pn Miners arm such suppl
iters and such supplies ! .
und equipment as thev nre imalile to I
destroy in their haste. The arc devas
tating the country as they flee and
seeking to make it a waiite hut with
Mime lack of success for the short timo
they hae to carry on the work of de
struction. The Serhians are pushing on da .id
niuht and line captured the to a at-
Topolet, J-otsiiish.,;, rershishta, ilely-
nitesa, V'.toiishta and Kftsiinlwv; also .
the heights of Kuckhov and Kamen
The Allies have advanced M miles I
and their progress is ho rapid nod the
number of men falling into their hands I
so large that no count nf prisoners has i
been made. Much war mnterinl, not I
yet itemized, has also been taken.
New Bulgarian regiment were
thrown into the breaches but they have
been forced to retreat with the others.
The Ruljiarians everywhere have been,
completely repulsed in counter-attacks.
w. a. a.
A. Mitchell Palmer Answers Sen
ate Resolution By Furnish
ing Proof Asked
WASHINGTON. September 20- (As
soeinti'd I'ressi A. Mitchell I'almer,
custodian of enemy property Inst eve
ning n i n . If public the names of fifteen
brewers who with the I'nited States
Brewers' Association loaned to Bus
bane .'I".",0IM) with which to purchase
the Washington Times.
Palmer took this action after the
senate had passed resolutions asking
him to prove stati incuts which he had
made describing the efforts of the
brewers to secure control of the news
paper.
Brisbane has made a statement in
which he says that he borrowed the
money in good faith from a New Jersey
banker brewer who thereupon mli
rated the loan among other brewers.
w. s. s
Announces He Will Accept Presi
dency of China Without Uni
ted Country Behind Him
TOKIO. September 10 (Special to
Nippu ,Tiji) - -HHu shih Chang, who was
elected recently by the Northern China
parliament in l'cking as the president
of the Chinese republic to succeed Feng
Kuo Chong, litis determined to accept the
office, despite the fact that his plea
for a united nation has been flatlv
ignorcd by the South. The date of his
inauguration will be decided and an
nouueed in the near future.
According to advices from Peking,
the President elect addressed to the
Peking parliament a formal acceptance
of the presidency today. Hsu dei lar
e.l, the reports sav, that this decision
has been reached, after davs of thought
fill consideration of what is for the
be-t interest of the Chinese republic.
The South, with a prnv i-toual govern
merit in Canton, still maintain a hostile
attitude toward the Peking faction
and refuses to recognir.c H-u's election
:is constitutional on the oiound that
the parliament of the north is UlegnMv
constituted and has n.. authority to
elect a president for the Chinese re
public.
DESCENDANT OF "OLD
PUT" MEETS DEATH
A l I It l ' N PH( 'N T IN 1 IHtlt IN I ,
September HI ' -s... Kited Pres.- i
llavol K Putnam, lineal descendant of
'ten l-i'. ,il Piilii iii. i1..' ni.ri Mil ..
loniitl war hero, lulled on W'e.liic-
d.l while pat roll i n;' tlo- meritan line-.
Seven (Icruiiin machines at once at
tacked him Putnam gave battle but the
mid- were too great.
This aviator wa- one of the American
"ace" aviators and wm .leditcl with
twelve victories.
BREWERS SUPPLY
MONEY FOR PAPER
HSU-SHI1AN HAS
CHANGED HIS iND
REPLY
REFUSAL
Reception of. Austrian Proposal
Is Bitter Disappointment To
Central Powers Who See End
Before Them
CRIME AND RIGHT CAN
ENTER NO BARGAIN
Peace Demonstrations Are Held
In Various Parts of Germany
While Austria Hears Louder
Demands For Ending War
NKW YORK. September 20
(Associated Press) In
terms as succinct and clear-CUt AS
,1,,,. ,.f , I ;,.! c,. ir
has rejected the proposal of Aus
tria for a series of conference with
a view to peace. Belgium ignores
the proposal of Germany for &
separate peace as unworthy of a
serious reply. The Central Pow-
, .
grievously disappointed at
the (uick, and to them, unexpeet-
e,, rollapst. of their peace offen.
'
Sive.
NO BARGAINING
fhe reply of France to the Aus
trian note ia told in official des
patches from Paris received last
night. Foreign Minister Pinchon
has sent to Vienna, through the
proper intermediaries, a copy ,of
the official journal of the senate
which contains the text of Cle
nicnceau's speech to that body on
Wednesday
vrlitch '
a
he aatdf
"YVe will fight on until the enemy
understands tftat bargaining be
tween crime and right is no long
er possible. We want a just and
a strong peace". This constitutes
the reply of France to the note of
Austria.
The Kclgian foreign minister
has stated that the German offer
to Belgium cannot b taken as a
basis for serious discussion. He
said it had been informally receiv
ed and had come through an in-
i direct channel.
Advices from Rome yesterday
said that the Italian government
had at that time no official knowl
edge of the Austrian peace note,
the only information received
having come from press des
patches. The semi-official Stefant
news said the indications were
that the government would make
no move to enter negotiations
even if a later request shall be re
ceived from Austria.
RECOGNIZE END
The (ierman l'ress, according
to Copenhagen despatches, re
gards the answer of President
Wilson and the speech of Balfour
as conclusive proof that the Al-
lies
k the destruction of the C'en-
t in I Powers.
Phe Yorwaerts is Quoted
a- saving that it must be concluded
that the Allies will not consider peace
by agrerim nt and nre insisting on peae
bv compiest.
It is evident that Germany hat to
siime extent participated iu the Ans
t tin n peace move for from French Army
headipiarters say that enemy airmen
dropped leaflets which told of the Aus
trian proposals in fhe Kpernay region.
These leaflets were printed ill French.
As there are no Austrian aviators in
that region it is manifest the propa
zin. lu was circulated by the Germans.
Peace DemonstraUona
Meantime the movement for peace
grow- in tlcrmany ami in Austria.
Thousands are reported in Amsterdam
ilespntchcs to have attended peace
.1. 'in. .nst rat ions in inKssnn, Cologne and
many towns of Saxony.
News has reached here that oil Wed
nesday Count Michael Karol.vi, the lead
er of the Hugnrian opposition party,
reiterated a declaration that tbr Central
Powers should incept President Wilson 'a
fourteen pence points as a basis for
negotiations A Budapest despatch to
the Prankfort (laxctte quotes Karol.vi
a- sa v ing. " Thus only ran peace eome. "
(ienerul voii Hindenberg has issued
a proclamation to the army ill the field
saying that the Austrian peace offer
Iocs not involve sa interruption to war
operations and that readiness for peace
is not in contradiction to the spirit
with which Germany is wigiafl the
wur He declared that the duty of tha
army is to continue the struggle with
out waiting to see whether the en
emy in sincere and ready for peace
negotiations.
.'..
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