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THE LAW MAKERS.
Preparations for a Constitutional Conven-
tionAfter the Inebriate AsyltimPiety
in the HouseA Globe Article for the
RecordsPiety at a PremiumThe Has
tings & Dakota RoadShall the Time be
Owing to the fact that the committees have
but just got to work, this body had but little
business to engage its attention yesterday, the
consequence being only a short forenoon ses
sion. During the short session, however,
wveral very important measures were inau
gurated. Of these, and of vital importance
to the State, was a bill by Senator Waite pro
viding for a constitutional convention, and a
proposed constitutional amendment in rela
tion to the election of Senators. Another
important action was that instructing the
judiciary committee to draft and report a bill
revising the law relating to foreclosure of
mortgages, with a view to wiping out the
amendments of 187G'7, and to restore the
law as it stood prior to those years. I ad
dition Mr. Lineau opened the bill for wiping
out the inebriate asylum, by a resolution
which was adopted, instructing the commit
tee on insane to draft a bill for that purpose.
A glance at the proceedings will furnish de
tails upon these and other matters considered
during the session,
ST. PAUL, Jan. 18.Several petitions were
presented from the grasshopper sufferers for
loans of seed grain.
By Senator WaiteA bill to call a conven
tion to amend the constitution, and present
ing a constitutional amendment relating to
the election oil Senators.
By Senator SwanstromAuthorizing the I
Board of Education of Duluth to use the per- I
manent school fund for current expenses.
By Senator Wheat, amending the statutes re-
business of town elections to the time of hold
ing general elections.
By Senator Morrison, amending the special
laws of 1871 relating to the city of Rochester.
By Senator Bhaleen. amending the laws in
relation to the protection of game.
By Senator Ahrens, relieves grasshopper and
hail sufferers from all penalties for the non
payment of taxes for the year 187C.
By Senator KiccTo drain sloughs or lakes in
By Senator McHenchTo allow Lake City to
issue bonds for ferry purposes. (Passed under
suspension of the rules.)
By Senator C. D. GilfillanTo amend chap
ter 90, general laws of 1876, regulating the in
spection of illuminating oils.
By Senator RenioreAmending the school
laws of St. Charles.
By Senator HallAppropriating $1,121 to in
demnify the county of Yellow Medicine for
By Senator PillsburyAppropriating $44,-
#94.61 to reimburse Gov. Pillsbury for money
advanced by him for current expenses of the
State prison for 1877.
THE INEBRIATE ASYLUM.
Senator Lineau offered the following resolu
tion, which was adopted:
Resolved, That the committee on insane be and
is hereby instructed to draft a bill providing
FirstFor the complete transfer of tho State
Inebriate Asylum property at Rochester, to tho
Minnesota State Temperance Union, the same
to be used by said organization for the purpose
of a private hospital for the treatment of ine
SecondThat said institution shall become
a direct charge upon the State: and
ThirdFor the repeal of the law of 1873,
providing for the creation of a fund for the
erection and maintenance of a hospital for the
inebriates, and all acts amendatory thereto
conditionally that the tax due under the said
law for the year 1877 shall be paid up.
FORECLOSURE OF MORTGAGE.
A resolution by Senator Mealey was adopted
instructing the judiciary committee to draft
and present a bill revising the law relating to
the foreclosure of mortgages, having in view
the repeal of any amendments of the years 1876
and 1877, and to restore and re-eiwot the law as
as it stood prior to said amendments.
Yesterday was a lively day in the House.
The session opened with the reading of a
large number of petitions, mostly on the
subject of grasshopper ravages which were
referred to the appropriate committee. Then
followed a little bit of fun which wns very
A LITTLE FUN.
Mr. Williams, of Lac qui Parle, by the
way, a sterling Democrat and very efficient
member, in a spirit of fun, and doubtless
thinking that such a "rara avis'* as
piety in a Republican House, should
be duly commemorated and preserved for the
use of future generations, sent up the follow
Resolved, That the following notice of the
DAILY GLOBE, commending the eminent
piety of the members of the House,
be spread upon the Journal of tho House:
Whatever may be thought or said of the
general make-up of the Twentieth Legislature
of Minnesota, there is one fact which will hard
ly be gainsayed, and that is that the present
House is, in the matter at least of the obser
vance of outward form, one of the most piously
inclined bodies that has ever assembled within
the frescoed walls of the Capitol. The responses
to the chaplain's invocations and petitions to
the throne of grace are, it must strike the most
casual observer, more general and to this ex
tent a flattering tribute to the innate piety and
religions training of ihe body. Daily, when
the chaplain ascends the rostrum and lifts up
his voice in prayer, there is to. be noticed a
general uprising of members from th'.ir scats
and a very devout mien whilo the "holy man
of God" claims their attention. This, general
observance of the time-honored custom of
rising during prayer, bids fair to render obse
lete that old and long standing joke about the
"amen corner," where heretofore the good and
piously-inclined of each succeeding house have
been wont to "most congregate." Who will
say that this circumstance, now for the first
time spread before an admiring world in the
columns of THE GLOBE does not speak volumes
in praise of the averago Minnesotia legislator,
and go far towards the embalming in the
"honeyed sweetness" of immortality for the
use and guidance of future generations, the
piety and religious fervor of the law-makers of
the twentieth session?
Tho Clerk read the extract in a loud clear
voice which rang through the hall and was
distinctly heard in the furthest corners.
As the reading progressed, a broad smile
was perceptible on the faces of the members,
many of them apparently astounded at the
idea of being credited with any thing like
piety. The reading through, some little
pause ensued, and the question was about
being put by the Speaker, when Mr. Hicks of
Minneapolis, who evidently objected to
receiving ctolen goods or wearing honors
where none were due, rose up and
moved to lay the resolution on the table.
This was done, and the purposes for which
the motion was made having been accom
plished, the matter was allowed to drop.
lating to general elections. It transfers the I language for a place in the list. This cut
Shortly after this, the House got into a
'knotty wrangle over tho printing of the Gov
Weinart's resolution being under conaid-
eration, Mr. Bawson moved to indefinitely
postpone, Amendments followed in rapid
order. Mr. Hinds opposed laying on the
table, as the message contained
some very good and fatherly advice especi
ally on the subject of farm machinery.
Again, in printing the message he would
have marked in red ink that portion of the
message relating to the "Old Railroad
Bonds." would have twice three thou
sand struck off and scattered broadcast, as
he considered it invaluable in instructing
the people what they meant last summer
when they voted upon that question, At
least, the rneaage would convey the Gov
vernor's impreasion of what the people
meant and he supposed this
ought to be satisfactory
Mr. Campbell of Meeker wanted, in view
of the Paris exposition, to have at least 1000
copies printed in the French language, as an
Mr. Miller thought it anything but a good
immigration, document, as it would leave the
impression upon the fbreigrTers -who read it
that Minnesota was a country which repudi
ated its just debts. Immigrants couldn't be
gotten in that way.
Colonel Colville said the people re
pudiated the bonds last summer be
cause they thought they had a
good defense, but the Governor in his
message assumes that the action of the peo
ple in so doing was criminal if not absolute
ly dishonest. The people thought they had
good reasons for their action and it was an
insult to have a document of that kind go
out to the world. The Statute regulated the
number of copies to be printed and he was
opposed to increasing the number.
At this juncture, Mr. Kahilly made a de
cidedly good point by saying that if this
thing went on and the members insisted up-
on a recognition of all the known languages,
he would insist upon the right of the Irish
the knot and the whole matter was laid on
Tho Silver Bill was next taken up and the
"chin music," became general. Messrs.
Rahilly, Mead, Peudie, Miller, Colville, Rice,
Dresback, of Winona, and others taking a
a hand. This continued until one o'clock,
when a recess was taken to 2 30. O reas
sembling the matter was finally put to rest by
being laid on the table, and the voting down
of a motion to reconsider, This disposed of
The House proceeded to the order of intro
duction of bills, the most important of which
was one by Mr. Hinds, of Shakopee, for the
location of a
at some point in the First or Second Con
gressional District. The following persons
are constituted a Board for the selection of a
site of not less than 40 acres, which must be
donated to the State, and must be easily ac
cessible and otherwise desirable
BOARD OV SELECTION.
N. M. Donaldson, of Steele.
J. A. Thatcher, of Goodhue.
E. L. Ward, of Martin.
J. J. Green, of Le Sueur.
James Slocum, of Carver.
E. B. Hall, of Renville.
J. W. Sencerbox, of Scott.
It is made the duty of the board to pro
ceed without delay to personally examine a
to tho best location and report: which report
shall be filed in the office of the Secretary of
Tho House then passed the memorial to
Congress extending the time of tho Hastings
and Dakota Road. Then for two hours or
more followed a spirited discussion upon the
bill, extending the time to the same road.
Altogether the day was a lively one, ns will
appear from tho report below
A large number of petitions, mostly in ref
erence to grasshopper devastations and seed
grain supplies*, were read and referred to the
committeo on grasshoppers.
Notice of introduction of bills of a widely
varied character was given, after which a reso
lution of Mr. Bishop was introduced and
passed, authorizing the committee on enroll
ment to employ a clerk.
riUNTIKG THE MESSAGE.
Mr. Weinaut's resolution in relation to print
ing copies of the Governor's message was then
taken up: when Mr. Rawson, of Wright, moved
to indefinitely postpone.
Another motion was made to strike out all
after the word English in the resolution, and
increase the number to 3,000.
At this point the House got into an almost
interminable wrauglemotions, amendments,
and substitutes pouring in rapidly from every
quarter, until finally the Gordian knot was cut
by Mr. Rahilly moving to lay the whole matter
on the table, which motion prevailed on divi
sionaye3 56, nays 20.
THE "SILVER QUESTION.
The special order, the resolutions of Messrs.
Rahilly and Mead relating to silver remoneti
zation, was then taken up.
Mr. Mead moved the adoption of his substi
Mr. Purdie, of Freeborn, offered the follow
ing as an amendment.
Ih'xolved, By the House of Representatives,
the Senate concurring, that we favor the re
peal act of Congress demonetiising silver, and
in favor of restoring the silver dollar to its
position prior to February 1873.
Second. Resolved, That our Senators in
Congress be instructed and our Representa
tives be requested to use their influence and
votes to secure the results above named.
Third. Jlesolved, That a copy of these reso
lutions be forwarded to each of our Senators
and Representatives in Congress by the Secre
tary of State.
Mr. Miller addressed the House at some
length in favor of the substitute offered by the
gentleman from Ramsey, Mr. Mead.
Col Colville favored the adoption of a resolu
tion in accordance with the intent and spirit
of the resolution which has abjeady passed the
National House of representatives," and which
bids fair to to pass the Senate by a two-third's
vote. He favored silver remonetization upon
the basis of the dollar of 1873.
After further remarks by Mr. Cresbach, of
Winona, Mr. Rice and others, the ayes and noes
were called upon the amendment offered by
Mr. Purdie and resultedayes 55, nays 41.
The question recurred, as stated by the
Speaker, upon the substitute by Mr. Mead as
amended by Mr. Purdie's amendment, which
practically displaced the former.
At this stage Mr. Fowler moved the House
adjourn, which waslost, when, on motion of
Mr. Campbell, of Meeker, the House took a re
cess to :30 p. m.
At the afternoon session the discussion was
further continued for some time, when, on a
motion to lay on the table, by Mr. Mead, it was
ascertained that the resolution of Mr. Purdie
was not in the possession of the House, having
been inadvertently sent to the printer.
Col. Colville made the point of order that no
motion could be made to lay on the table a
resolution which was not before the House nor
in its possession. [Laughter.]
The chair ruled that the resolution was con
structively before the House.
Mr. Mead renewed his motion to lay on the
table, which motion prevailed.
Mr. Hicks moved to reconsider the vote
whereby the motion was tabled, and on the
yeas and nays being demanded the motion was
lost, yeas 34. nays 57.
The House voted clown several motions to
adjourn and proceeded to the order of introduc
tion of bills.
By Mr. BrandtDenning how legal publica
tions can be made.
By Mr. EvensonTo locate a state road from
Houston to Highland.
By Mr. FellerAmending the IEWB relating to
B}' Mr. RichardsonAuthorizing Morrison
county to issue bonds for $25,000, to build a
bridge across river at Little Falls.
By Mr. Holtoir-^To amend the acts relating
to running at large of cattle in Clay county.
By Mr. BuffumAmending the act incorpo
rating Central University at Owatonna.
By Mr. OilmanAppropriating 82,000, to
build a bridge across Blue Earth river, in Fari
By sameTo prevent trespass by hunters in
By Mr. KichterIncorporating the village of
MontgomeJy, in LeSueur county.
By Mr. Hinds, providing for the location of
a State prison in some point in the 1st or 2d
By Mr. Cowing, authorizing the lowering of
the waters of Lake Oscar in Douglas county.
By Mr. Buffum, vacating lands in village of
Medford, Steele county.
By Mr. Button, amening the law relating to
The Senate resolution in relation to appoint
ing a joint committee upon that portion of the
Governor's message relating to the insane hos
pital, was concurred in.
On motion of Mr. Rice the memorial to Con
gress for extension of time to the Hastings &
Dakota road was taken up, and passed under
suspension of the rules.
Mr. Hinds urged that there could be no rea
sonable objection to the memorial inasmuch as
Congress was simply asked to renew to the
State a land grant which has lapsed for
some years past. The matter of
transferring the rights of the State, should
Congress renew the grant, was quite a differ
ent matter, and as the company had come into
the Legislature last year and obtained an ex
tension of time on the condition of constmct
ing a certain number of miles, and yet had ut
terly failed to comply with the terms of the
law, he should hesitate before casting his vote
to allow the company to play the same game.
It was time enough, however, to discuss this
matter when it was properly before the House.
Meanwhile he favored the passage of this mem
orial. On the call of the roll the bill was pass
edayes 87, noes none,
giver thei grantintgQ an extension of time to
the Hastings & Dakot8aU Railroad read the
third time and put on its passage.
Mr. Hinds did not believe there was any
need of urgency or undue haste in the matter.
Aside from the mere fact of suspension of the
rules, he desired time to consider the law re
lating to the company and the protection of
the rights of the settlers along the line which
he believed were not protected in the bill.
Mr. llice stated that the rights of settlers,
both homestead and preemption, were fully
Mr. Hinds again spoke at length, urging
that no necessity existed for hasty action in
Mr. Rice again urged that all the settlers on
the line were fully protected in their rights.
The road had failed to comply with the law of
last winter on account of the grasshoppers and
the difficulty of raising money.
Mr. McDerinott moved to make it the special
Mr. Bowler spoke as one who has long re
sided upon the line of the proposed road. He
did not wish that any member Bhould be forced
to vote upon this matter without considera
tion, and he was willing to give all the time
wanted for consideration. He claimed that the
bill was so guarded that a failure on the part
of the company would absolutely forfeit all
their rights, and the grant might then be trans
ferred to any other company. He was a
a resident of that locality and deeply interested
in the construction of the road. He believed
the company intended to act in good faith, and
in proof thereof sent to the clerk's desk and
had read a resolution of the Board of Direc
tors authorizing the President to contract for
the necessary ties immediately upon the pas
sage by the Legislature of a bill granting an
extension upon favorable terms.
Mr. Edson said that it was an honest bill. It
was physically impossible for the company to
obtain money while the grasshoppers were in
Mr. Hicks wanted the road built, and the St.
Paul & Milwaukee Railroad Company to build
it. He was opposed to hasty legislation, and
therefore moved to suspend further action to
Mr. Rice withdrew his motion to suspend the
Mr. Bowler reviewed the motion. He did
not believe in hauling down his colors in the
face of tho enemy. He knew the animus of
the opposition to his bill. If the company was
let alone, but a short time would elapse before
the iron horse would be running through that
Mr. McDermott explained his feelings in re
lation to the bill, :is simply aiming to protect
the interests of the State and the people, and
not of any hostility to the road.
Mr. Hinds here rose and made a spirited
speech. If this bill was an expression of the
idea of the gentleman from McLeod [Mr. Ed
son] of honesty, ho differed widely with him.
He knew the origin of this bill, and ventured
the assertion that it came word for word from
the agent of that road. The more he read it
the more abominable he considered -it- It was
cunningly devised to cheat: the
rights of the settlers along tho line. He
criticized the phraseology of the bill
and claimed that it protected, not the honest
settler, but only those who needed no protec
tion. Men who have settled under a legal home
stead, don't need protection from anybody it
is those who have settled there illegally, but
nevertheless have settled in fact, who need pro
tection. This class are not protected.
Mr. Bowler explained that the only lands
claimed by the railroad company were those
which have been certified to the company by
the General Government.
Mr. Hinds further continued the discussion
and claimed that if the bill was passed, it
would leave the settlers who have settled there
since 1869 in the grasp of the railroad compa
ny, and so far as he was concerned, he proposod
to protect their rights. He couldn't under
stand that any settler there could be so blind
to his own interests as to willingly consent to
such a bilk
At this point Mr. Bowler withdrew his mo
tion to suspend the rules, and the House ad
Bpen th ru i 8 an
Tho Wisconsin Legislature.
[Special to THE GLOBE.]
MADISON, Wis., Jan 18.A memorial to Con
gress asking an extension of time for the com
pletion of the Northern Pacific railroad has
passed both houses.
The Senate passed a joint resoultion fixing
February 5th as the limit for the reception of
new business. A bill was introduced in the
Assembly authorizing the issue of bonds in
Pump Carpenter's old printing claim was in
troduced in the Assembly to-day. Both houses
adjourned till Monday evening.
American Swindlers Arrested in Canada.
ST. JOHN, N. B., Jan. 18.The manager of
Howard's Theatre, Boston, who. absconded
with the funds, was arrested in Frederickton.
Edward Butler and wife, Chicago, have been
arrested on the charge of defrauding the relief
society, representing that they had been burned
out in the great fire here.
LONDON, Jan. 18.A correspondent at Pera
says it is understood that the British fleet is
preparing to leave Vonrla for Besika Bay. The
Grand Duke Nicholas telegraphed Wednesday
that he would meet the Turks' peace delegates
between Adrianople and Philipopolis. The
delegates will probably arrive at Tirnoua, near
Hermanti, to-night, in which case negotiations
will begin Friday.
Georgia Spcrtks for Silver.
ATLANTA, Ga., Jan. 18.An immense mass
meeting at the capital to-night, presided over
by Mayor Angier, demanded the repeal of the
resumption act, remonetization and greenbacks.
Speeches were made and resolutions passed call
ing upon Jhe Georgia delegates in Congress to
represent these as the views of their constitu
ency. The other side will he heard Tuesday
ST. PAUL, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 19, 1878.
THE PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS.
Discussion of tho Silver Bill In the Senate
Report of Attorney General In Reference
to the Union PacificThe President No
Power to Enforce It Contract With the
GovernmentHouse Principally Occu
pied With Eulogies of the Late O.
BI*-tonThe President Settles the New
Orleans Collectorshlp. ....._.....,..
Senate. /JfvV-^'/te^J':. y'_
WASHINGTON, Jan 18.Bills were intro
duced and referred as follows:
By Senator Whyte, to repeal section 2.917
of the revised statutes fixing the standard for
vinegar. Keferred to the committee on
By Senator "Voorhees, by request, reviving
and continuing the court of commissioners
of Alabama claims, and for distribution of
the unappropriated moneys of the Geneva
award. _. -jr^i* 7tf-/c:
Senator Caukiing. presented gpjreral peti
tions of citizens of Albany, N. Y.. remonstra
ting against the passage of the Bland silver
bill. Laid on the table, the bill having been
reported to the Senate. I presenting the
memorials he said they were signed by men
representing not only money and property
but enterprise also, and they expressed the
opinion that the passage of the bill would be
prejudicial to the honor and credit of the
government, also presented the memorial
of th Albany board of trade against the
passage of that bill. Laid on the table.
The Vice President laid before the Senate
a communication from the Secretary of War
enclosing the report of Maj. G. Wetzel,
corps of engineers, relative to the manage
ment of the Louisville & Polland canal. Re
Petitions were presented from Ohio, Penn
sylvenia and Delaware, against any reduction
of duties on imports, and remonstrating
against the restoration of the duty on tea'and
Senator Wallace presented the petition of
officers of the national banks of Muncy, Pa.,
in favor of remonetization of silver. Re
The Vice President laid berore the Senate
a communication from the Attorney General,
giving the number of-civil prosecutions in
U. S. courts in South Carolina, for offenses
against civil rights. Referred.
Senator Ferry presented a memorial of the
Michigan State Grange, in favor of the con
struction of a ship canal across the lower
peninsula of that State. Referred.
Senator Cameron presented a resolution of
the Wisconsin legislature, in favor of the im
provement of the St. Croix river. Referred,
Senator Christiancy, from the committee
on judiciary reported adversely on Senate
bill to enlarge the jurisdiction of the Court
of Claims, and it was indefinitely post
At expiration of the morning hour the
Senate resumed consideration of the unfin
ished business, being the resolution of Sena
ator Matthews declaring the right of the
government to pay interest and principal of
the bonds in silver, and Senator Merriam
spoke in favor thereof.
Senator Merriman said the subject was
worthy most serious consideration and trusts
a free and frank expression of views would
lead the Senate to a wise and "wholesome
conclusion. would never consent that
the honor and good .faith of the government
should be impaired in the slightest degree.
The naked question before the Senate was
whether the government could lawfully pay
its creditors in silver of the standard of value
of July 14th, 1870.
He reviewed the financial legislation since
18(52. and quoted from the various acts to
show all the bonds issued were payable in
legal tender coin of the United States.
When these acts were passed there were but
two species of coin established by law, gold
and silver, and as the contract stood between
the government and its creditors, the gov
ernment could* pay its debts in both or
either. The law at the time provided for
coinage of silver dollars as well as gold dol
lars, and had it been "intended to exclude
the silver dollar when the bonds were issued
why was not the provision inserted for the
purpose. That the government had the
right to pay its bonds in silver was clear and
he could not see how any such action could
be looked upon as repudiation.
He spoke of the business prostration and
suffering throughout the country, and argued
that it was the effect of unwise legislation.
Financial legislation since the war had been
calculated to enhance the bonds of the gov
ernment in the hands- of its creditors. Th
volume of paper currency in circulation had
been regulated by the government, and not
by the requirements of business. Since the
panic of 1873 nothing had flourished save
Senator Maxey reviewed the arguments
against the remonetization of silver, and said
the Constitution itself recognized the double
standard. quoted from the speeches of
Secretary Sherman in the Senate, to the
effect that Congress had the right to restore
the silver dollar whenever it might think
proper, and in his (Maxey's) opinion the time
had now come when it should be restored to
the coinage of the country. would vote
for the pending resolution cheerfully, be
cause he thought the interests of the country
imperatively demanded it.
Pending discussion, the Vice President
laid before the Senate a message from the
President to inform the Senate what legal
impediments, if any, exist,-* which prevent
him from executing the laws in accordance
with the obligations accepted and agreements
made by the Union Pacific Railroad Co. and
its branches with the United,States. The At
torney General states he has heard argu
ment by the parties interested, and that the
subject has been discussed in an amicable
suit in the United States Circuit Court for
Nebraska, and is now awaiting decision.
He says: I do not find any specific authority
vested in the President which enables him, in
his executive capacity, to oblige the Union
Pacific Railroad to desist from the unlawful
use of its road. Nor is he empowered to as
certain whether the law is being violated.
The railroad acts contemplate that these ques
tions are for the courts to determine.
Whether constitutional legislation should be
had so that remedies, other than judi
cial, can be applied in such cases
is a question for Congress to determine.
Should legal proceedings on behalf of the
public seem necessary in order to determine
the question involved, it seems desirable that
legislation be had which would preclude all
questions as to the power of the Attorney
General to proceed in the premises. Mean
while the civil suit referred to will be decided
before any such proceedings can be put in
motion. Until the rights of these companies
are judicially ascertained, it is not advisable
to have them defined through any criminal
proceedings under the act of July 20
The communication and report were re
A message was also received from the Pres
ident enclosing an extract from the annual
report of the General of the army, and com
munications from the Commissary and Quar
termasters General in regard to the causes
and cost of the war with the Nez Perces.
After extcutive session adjourned till Mon
day. ._. .,_
WASHTNGTOK, Jan 18.Mr. Durham re
ported the Military Academy appropriation
bill. I appropriates 272,155. Made the
special order for Tuesday next.
Mr. Singleton introduced a bill extending
the jurisdiction of the Southern Claims Com
Mr. Springer, from the election commit
tee, presented the majority report of that
committee in regard to the contested elec
tion case for the fourth district of California.
The report declares the democratic contest
ant, Peter D. Wigginton, entitled tp the
seat. Mr. Hiscock, from the same commit
tee, submitted the minority report, declaring
the contestee, Runaldo Pacheco, entitled to
the seat. Ordered printed and recommitted.
Mr. Mills, of Texas, introduced a bill do
nating lands to the several States and Terri
tories which may provide colleges for the ed
ucation of females. Referred.
The House went into Committee of the
Whole, Caldwett o Tennessee in the. chair.
On the private calender the first bill was for
the relief of W. Newman, for property de
stroyed during the war at Alexandria, Va.
Mr. Jones, of Ohio, said he opposed all
that class of claims, and sent up to the clerk's
desk and had read a letter of Samuel J. Til
den, written during the campaign, in which
he declared his opposition to all such claima,
and stated if he should elected he would
deem it his duty to veto any bills for the
payment of losses incurred during the war.
This was the first time the Committee of the
House had opened the door to that large
class of claims.
Mr. Springer said Mr. Tilden referred to
claims arising from acts caused by war, while
the case in question had nothing to.do with
the operations of the war.
Without action on the bill the committee
rose, and Mr. Hanna called up the Senate
resolution in regard to the death of Senator
O. Morton, and eulogies on the life and
public service of the dead Senator were pro
nounced by Messrs. Hanna, Browne, Hunter,
Calkins, Willson, Hardenbergh, Garfield,
Dunnell, Williams of Wisconsin, and Hazle
ton. They occupied three hours in delivery.
The resolutions were adopted and the House
adjourned till Monday.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 18.Republican mem
bers of the Senate met in caucus this morn
ing, to further consider the proposition for a
change in the office of sergeant-at-arms of
the Senate. There was a very earnest de
bate on the subject, which developed a pre
ponderating strength in favor of retaining
Col. French, the present incumbent. Finally
the whole matter was referred back to a cau
cus committee of five members and the cau
cus adjourned without date.
The House committee on banking and cur
rency to-day authorized their chairman,
Gen. Ewing, to report a resolution for adop
tion by the House, giving the committee
power to send for persons and papers, and
otherwise to make a complete investigation
as to the amount of coin in the country
available for purposes of resumption.
NEW OBLEANS COIXCTOBSHIP.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.The contest over
the appointment of collector of customs of
the port of New Orleans was settled to-day
by the President, who sent in the name of
Geo. Williamson, present minister resident
of Guatemala city, Central America. There,
was one faction supporting Geo. Parker and
another Gen. McMillan, so the President
went outside and selected a Republican who
will be acceptable to a majority of the party
and to the business men of New Orleans.
Mr. Williamson has not sought
the place, but his name was
suggested by citizens of Louisiana
anxious to see the political scramble
The House committee on Pacific railways,
has arranged to hear arguments Friday next
and from day to day thereafter concerning
the various pending propositions for the con
struction of southern transcontinental lines
of railroads. The
bill introduced by Representative Mills pro
vides that there shall be granted to the sev
eral States for colleges for *he education of
females, public lands equal to 30,000 acres
for each senator and representative in Con
gress. Interest on the money derived from
the sale of lands will be appropriated for the
endowment, support and maintenance of at
least one college for female residents in such
THE QUEEN'S SPEECH.
The Thunderer Speaks of it in Terms of
Commendation. LONDON, Jan. 18.The Tinncs in a leading
editorial says: Nothing more satisfactory to the
country with respect to the immediate course
of public affairs could well have occurred than
the declarations which were yesterday made in
the Queen's speech, as well as by the ministerial
leaders in the two Houses. The alarms recent
ly raised respecting the possibility of a war
like policy being adopted by the governmeut,
may now be finally dismissed.
The limes commenting on the documents
contained in the blue book, says in Lord
Derby's recent dispatches we cannot find a
trace of the apprehensions such as alone could
have justified the late outbreak of war feeling
in certain quarters. It is now abundantly
clear that the war feeling was confined to a
small though noisy minority, but it will be a
satisfaction and relief to the whole country to
know it found no echo in the official utterances
of the government.
Big Haul of Moonshiners.
NASHVILLE, Tenn., Jan. 18.Deputy U. 8.
Marshal Goodwin and five assistants have just
returned from Huntsville, Northern Alabama,
from a revenue raid. Three of Baisden's well
known desperadoes who have been running a
distillery in open defiance of law for two years,
were captured and their apparatus destroyed.
In Frankling county, adjoining, the officers de
stroyed a distillery owned by Green Holland
and Wm. Stanfield, and Holland and five other
distillers were captured. The same party de
stroyed three large distilleries in Lawrence
county. They passed through Decatur yester
day en route to Huntsville, carrying sixteen
Ice Freight from Lake Vorts.
COLUMBUS, O., Jan. 18.General freight
agents representing twelve railroads held a
meeting here this afternoon, to consider the
question of the transportation of ice from lake
ports, and to fix a schedule of rates for the
same. The rates were fixed from 15 points
based on 10 tons per car, all excess to be charged
at a proportion0e rate, one ton additional,
however, to be allowed shipper or consignee to
Foreign Grain Market, _^
LrvEBPOOL, Jan. 18.A leading grain circu
lar says the provincial grain markets report
grain inanimate, especially for wheat, the valne
of which is generally nominal, and in some
cases rather lower on spot, with a limited in-
*Vi i .^i. ,f s-~.-
quiry. The prices of Tuesday have been scarce
ly maintained. Sales of maize were moderate,
with a turn in favor of buyers. At this mar
ket to-day there was a limited demand from a
few millers present, and transactions in wheat
were unimportant, sellers accepting adecline of
fully 1 percent from the currencies of Tuesday.
Corn is in moderate request. Mixed old was
three pence per quarter cheaper, while new
maintained previous rates.
B. B. B.
Boston Banquets Briatotc and Bristow
loins With the Bondholders Who Feed
HimLikewise a Reformer.
BOSTON, Mass., Jan. 18.The banquet ten
dered to Hon. B. H. Bristow by Gov. Rice and
1,500 leading citizens took place to-night.
Martin Brcmmer presided, and about 180 gen
tlemen were present. Gen. Bristow was hearti
ly received, and in the course of his address
said: "I is an elementary principle of politi
cal economy that a" stable currency is
essential to substantial prosperity. I
is even of greater importance to the
producing aid laboring classes than to
owners of accumulated eaptial. The most
iniacheviona and dangerous idea that has been
advanced in this country in the discussion of
what is called the currency question, is the one
which attempts to delude the people into the
belief that there' is an antagiminm between
labor and capital that the accumulated wealth
of the older States is the enemy of the
laborer and producer of newer and' growing
States. The West and South require the aid of
the accumulated capital of the East to open
mines, plant and gather crops,
build cities, and in a thousand
ways to develop the latent wealth of the vast
and fertile part of our common country. He
who attempts to aleniate sections by appeals to
passion or fallacious arguments on currency
questions is the enemy of both sections and
should be trusted by neither. The nearest pos
sible approach to absolute stability in standard
value is best for the interests of alL Depart
ures from such standard and resort to currency
of varying and unsteady value works a general
injury to all sections and interests but the
greatest loss at last falls upon the producer, for
in that use capital will be diverted from its le
gitimate employment in aid of production and
used in speculating on margins and fluctu
ations which such currency inevitably creates.^
The use of currency of unequal value effects
more injuriously the laborer and producer of
raw material. Ragged and mutilated bills and
issues of doubtful banks go into the hands of
the laborer and producer, while gilt-edge pa
per lies snugly away in the vaults of bankers
and capitalists. If the currency be coin of
two kinds and of unequal value, the cheaper
will always find its way into the pockets of
labor. Not only the best interests of all classes
of citizens, but a patriotic regard for
the preservation and prosperity of our common
country require that the nation shall keep faith
with all its creditors. Having promised dol
lars it must pay dollars. But the promise does
not attach alone to interest bearing obligations
of the government. It applies equally and
alike to treasury notes. In time of great pub
lic exigency to fail of full and complete per
formance in either case, would bring discredit
and dishonor on the government, and disgrace
upon us as a people. Every device or scheme
whereby it is sought to discharge the public
promise to pay a dollar by delivery of anything
less than a dollar, is practical repudiation, and
merits and will eventually receive the condem
nation of the majority of the people.
Civil service reform was the other topic dis
cussed. In a brief address Gen. Bristow aid
the organized movement for reform may be
said to be in its infancy, but there is much to
encourage its friends to hope for ultimate and
complete success. But first of all we know
we are right. The great Republican par
ty of tho country at its national convention in
1876, adopted and engrafted into its platform
a resolution in favor of the principle for which
we contend. The first thing to be accomplished
in this movement for reform is the abolition of
an abuse of administration which has been the
growth of years. This was clearly seen and
plainly declared by the representatives of the
Republican party at Cincinnati. They de
manded a restoration of the just constitutional
powers of the executive branch of the govern
ment. They declared that Senators and Rep
resentatives in Congress who may be judges
and accusers, should not dictate appointments,
and that the chief executive of the
nation being responsible under the con
stitution and answerable to the representatives
of the people fot the proper performance of his
duty in this regard, should be wholly uutram
meled by the vicious practice which had hith
erto prevailed. This blow at the root of the
evil was followed by a bold, manly, clear letter
of acceptance from the nominee for President,
Gov. Hayes. There was no lowering of the
standard which had been lifted in Cincinnati
on the contrary, it was still higher advanced.
Having succeeded in electing their President,
friends of reform everywhere rejoiced at the high
stand taken by him in his inaugural address.
In view of those significant facts surely re
formers have no reason to despair of final and
and absolute success. The charge that reform
ers are mere doctrinaries, and impractical in
politics, is fully met by the declaration of the
Cincinnati platform, that the party in favor
should have those places where harmony and
vigor of administration require its policy to
be represented. The party which is able to
elect a president can always furnish, for such
places, men who fill the highest requirements
of true civil service, but in the choice of these
the Executive must be left free and untram
melled by dictation from those who have been
chosen to represent the people in the legisla
tive branch of the government. Let us re
member that where principle is involved, con
cession is dangerous.
Addresses were also made by Mayor Pierce,
Speaker Long, Richard H. Dana, jr. Gen. Jo
seph R. Hawley, Marshal Jewell, Joseph Ropes,
Prest. Chadburne, of Williams college, Profs.
Everett and Thayer, of Harvard college. The
speakers were decidedly enthusiastic in com
mendation of the public services of Mr. Bris
tow, and his informal nomination for the Pres
idency was greeted with the heartiest applause.
Going to Vindicate Himself.
LAWBENCE, Kan., Jan. 18.Dr. A. A. Nichol
son, ex-superintendent of the late Central In
dian superintendency in this city, has made
some statements in regard to the laying down
of his office, and the charges made against him
by the board of inquiry acting under direc
tions of Secretary Schurz. The new Indian com
missioner abolished the Central superintendency
because he desires to have the agents report
directly to Washington. Dr. Nicholson was not
discharged or dismissed, and has never been
censured or complained of in the least by his
inferiors. The charges made against him by
the board of inquiry were trumpted up on ac
count of his friendship for the late Commis
sioner Smith and Chief Clerk Galpin. The
doctor is about to issue an exhaustive reply to
the so-called evidence submitted by the board
of inquiry in connection with which he will
take occasion to denounce the official publica
tion of that evidence before opportunity had
been given for examination and rebuttal.
American Sympathy For Italy.
BOSTON, Jan. 18.The Italian residents of
this city, in Faneuil Hall, last evening, testi
fied their regret fo king Victor Emanuel.
The honorary vice presidents included Gov.
Rice, Mayor Pierce and Collector Simmons.
Addresses were made and thanks voted the
American press for the genuine sympathy
extended to Italy in her affliction. A, dis
patch was sent to the Italian minister of
State at Rome, expressing sorrow at the
death of King Victor Emanuel and extending
to King Humbert, Queen Marguerite and the
Italian people heartfelt wishes for their pros
A Great Suit.
MEMPHIS, Tenn., Jan. 18.A Hot Springs,
Ark., special says the Hot Springs commission
ers commenced the hearing in ex-Gov. Rector's
case yesterday, and the cases of 79 other parties
in conflict with Rector, were consolidated
with bis case, for the purpose of hearing the
proof and examination. Judges Compton and
Youttie, attorneys for Rector: Rice, Harold &
Valsb, for the others.
PHILIPOPOLIS HELD \BY RUSSIANS.
Whereabouts of Suleiman's Army Un
known, but supposed to be Surrendered
to RussiansTurks Disappointed In th
Form of the Queen's Speech40,000 Re
fugees Assisted by the British Minister
The Queen Advises PeaceMatters Look
ing very Like a Settlement.
AFFATBS AT COSSTASTINOr-LB.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Jan. 18.Queen Vic
toria's speech has caused considerable dis
The Turkish peace delegates have Jarrived
It is reported Grand Duke Nicholas is at
At Thursday's sitting of the Chambers a
message from the Grand Vizier was read ask
ing the deputies to appoint five of their
number to share in the deliberations of the
committee of senators and officers which will
direct military measurers in the event of
failure of arniistio negotiations.
The British Consul at Adrianople has ftflk
ed permission to leave, bnt Minister Layard
ordered him to remain at his post- Mr
Layard has given assistance to forty thou
sand refugees within fifteen days.
SULEIMAN PASHA'S ABMT.
LONDON. Ja 18.No news has been re
ceived from Suleiman Pasha as yet. Kai
niarli, where tho Itussinu troops are said to
have arrived, is an important point on hi*
line of retreat to Adrianople. If the Rus
sians have gained that point before him, as
there is no reason to doubt, he not only has
General Gourka's pursuit to beat back but
will be taken in the flank by a column march
ing from Eskisaghra, while the force posted
at Harmauti stands directly in his front.
Suleiman Pasha's force includes the division
he brought from Bulgaria, the garrisons of
Sofia and other towns up to Nisch, and Cha
kir Pasha's army from Kamarli. All, how.
ever, are by this time badly broken and
weakened by their hasty retreat and
frequent encounters with their pursuers.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Jan. 18.A report which
was current here to-day that the bulk of Su
leiman Pasha's army had passed through the
enemy's lines and arrived near Adrianople,
proves to be premature. Nothing is known
of the position of Suliemau's army.
LONDON, Jan. 18.A Russian official dis,
patch dated Keznnlik, January 16, says a re~
connoitering party of dragoons has brought
information that Sulieman Pasha is at Phil
ipopolis, and has given orders to burn every
thing. Tatar Rarzardjek and Philipopolis are
reported to have been burned.
LONDON. Jan. 18.Two squadrons of Cow
sacks having arrived at Tirnova Sementi to es
cort the Turkish peace delegates to Kezaulik.
The Turkish commandant at the former
place believed an attack was intended and
blew up the railroad bridge.
LONDON. Jan. 18.A Russian official dis
patch announces that Gen. SkobelofF en
tered Phillipopolis tho 16th and extinguished
the flames in the Bulgarian dwellings fired
by retreating Turks.
MOVING TOWABDS PEACE.
LONDON, Jan. 1!).Special from St Peters
burg says a person who helped to draw up
the armistice conditions says they are such
as not likely to lie accepted by the Turks.
The same dispatch states that tho Russian
Minister of interior has instructed the press
to be moderate in its remarks against Aus
tria and England. A Pera dispatch has the
following It is said Grand Duke Nicholas,
accompanied by his staff and Gen. Ignatieff
met the Turkish delegates Friday
morning at a station in Stamboli railway. Tho
duko had advanced to meet the delegates,
because of difficulty on the road, and cor
teonsly invited them to return by carriagH
A Constantinople correspondent telegraphs
under date of Thursday evening. I am as
sured that the council of ministers to-day
decided to order Turkish ambassadors at
Vienna and London to request an explana
tion of the protests against separate peace
recently lodged by Austria and England, and
to ask how far Turkey may count upon the
support of those countries."
The correspondent at Vienna declares posi
tively tliat Russia has made no communica
tion to the Porte concerning terms of peace
since her answer to the Porte's note of Dec.
12, asking mediation. Another correspon
dent at Pera states that the Turkish delegates
met Grand Duko Nicholas at Tnrnova Semli.
that preliminary notes were exchanged. The
Grand Duke then announced he had decided
to treat only at Adrianople, which shonld
immediately evacuated. The delegates hav
ing assented orders were telegraphed Djeni!
Pasha to evacuate Adrianople. Upon this
decision being communicated to for
eign consuls they telegraphed their
ambassadors for instructions and were
ordered to remain and protect their country
men. Djsnal Pasha then prepared to retire
upon fortified lines before Adrianople where
reinforcements are now concentrating. Rus
sians will probably arrive at Adrianople in
two days^Temoni Sementi being 35 kilome
tres distant therefrom. Negotiations will
then begin. It is generally thought here the
wisest policy is for Turkey to make peace at
CONSTANTINOPLE, Jan. 18.A British gunboat
has embarked a number of refugees at Burghas,
and English mariners are patrolling the streets
of that place.
Financial Flurry in New York.
Stocks in the New York Market were de
cidedly unsettled and feverish. Wall street
was alive with rumors of an exciting char
acter, based upon the report that the partner of
one of the members of the Stock Exchange had
absconded with .$40,000: that a tobacco house
was in trouble, and two grocery houses had
suspended. At the call of bank stock shares
of the Grocers' Bank were offered at 54 per
cent., which a few days ago were offered at 80
per cent. The cause of the break in price is
not known. See financial article on third page.
Our Dad's Dollar in New York.
N EW YORK, Ja 18.The Pout v&v*: A
call has been issued for a mass meeting of
citizens, irrespective of party, to express their
assent to the proposed free coinage of the
United States silver dollars, and affixing of
a permanent legal value to United States sil
ver coin, in the interest of the internal in
dustrial demands of the country. This
meeting is to be held at Cooper Institute the
30th inst. It is reported Senator Voorhees
of Indiana and Jones of Nevada will be
among the speakers.
DES MOINES, Iowa, Jan. 18.'Both houses ad
journed to-day after a short session, until next
Tuesday. There was no quorum in the Senate,
and a large number of members of both houses
have gone home for recesa.
Russia's Balance Sheet.
S T. PETERSBURG, Jan. 18.The budget of
the empire shows the exact balance between
the revenue and the expenditures, both
amounting to 600.3*8,425 silver roubles.
The straw workb of Daniel Brown. Wrrn
tham, Mass., burned last night, with the resi
dence of E. B. Parker. Loss, $75,000 sma!l