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title: 'Daily globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, January 27, 1878, Image 1',
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THE ROAD TO HELL.
A MOVEMENT TO RLOCKADE IT.
The iircat Vice of the AgeA Systematic
Effort to Curtail It--Kev. William McKib
bin si Leader in the Work-Interview
vith Him by a "Globe" Reporter--How
He Is Moving on the Kneemy's Works
Parties Renting House* to Disreputable
Persons Must Expel Them to Avoid Pres
tations-A Chance for Startling Develop
ments if the Work is Continued.
For some time past rumors have been
moie or less current that a systematic and
vigorous movement would soon be inaugur
ated in this city for the suppression of the
Social Evil, and that all the appliances of
the law as well as of public opinion would
be invoked to effect the desired end. "With
these rumors was connected the name of
Rev. Wm. McKibbin, the faithful pastor of
the Central Presbyterian Church, as the
earnest advocate, if not prime mover of the
policy of suppression, and with the view of
ascertaining the facts and circumstances
thereof, a GLOBE representative visited that
gentleman at hig residence on East Tenth
street, yesterday afternoon. Mr. McKibbin
was found at home, and received the man of
news with the utmost courtesy and consider
ation, and throughout the interview which
followed, talked very freely and earnestly, as
if his whole soul and heart were enlisted in
After stating his object, the GLOBE repre
sentative drew forth his note-book, and in
augurated a reportorial inquisition, the sub
stance and leading points of which are
liop.Mr. McKibbin, is there such a
movement on foot, as that indicated?
Mr. McKibbinYos, sir, there is.
liep.What is the object of the movement?
Mr. McKibbinThe object of the move
ment is the evil not so much the persons
engaged in it, as the evil itself.
Rep.Then it is directed against certain
property-holderspersons who let houses to
pailies engaged in the pursuit?
Mr. McKibbinYes sii it is the evil
which it is proposed to suppress not the
persecution of any parties.
Hep.Have you served notices on any of
Mr. McKibbinYes sir notifications have
been sent to several parties asking if they
were aware of the uses to which their prop
erty was being put.
Kep.What has been the response?
Mr. McKibbinSeveral of the parties who
admitted that they owned or controlled the
property said they would get rid of
their tenants. Only one party inti
mated to the contrary. All the others
expressed an entire willingness to co-operate
Kep.What are the chancas of success
attending your movement?
Mr. McKibbinIf the Council will say the
law must be executed, it will be. But we
have no quarrel with the city officials on ac
count of the non-execution of the law in the
past. Houses of this character have had
here, a sort of prescriptive right. The city
officials. I must say, have treated me with
great courtesy, and, I am equally glad to say,
have expressed themselves as perfectly will
ing to carry out the law. The responsibility is
thrown upon the Council. They have either
to say that the law shall remain a dead let
ter, or take the responsibility of seeing it
executed. Our idea is to adhere to the law
as it now stands. Whatever other changes
may be necessary, will be a matter for future
consideration. The law as it now stands can
be executed in such a way as to suppress the
Kep.Is the movement of which you
speak, the result of organizationof a so
cietyreligious or otherwise?
Mr. McKibbinIt is no organization.
But I have been in consultation with various
parties. My programme, and thus far I have
been a representative in the matter, is to se
cure stringent execution of the present law,
and such modifications therein, as may be
necessary, and then to organize a society
such as they have in New Yorka society
for the suppression of vice. The idea is of
course, to prevent this being a spasmodic af
Mr. McKibbin. do you pro-
pose doing with the inmates of these houses?
Mr. McKibbinAs regards the
women themselves, our idea is that the
Magdalene Home, the House of the Good
Shepherd and similar institutions in the city,
would furnish the women temporary dwell
ing-places, until they could secure homes
elsewhereuntil they can get a chance to
start in for a better life.
Rep.You say you have served notices on
various property ownerson how many?
Mr. McKibbin.On some six or perhaps
eight we have not served notice on two par
ties whose premises, we suspect, but have no
positive proof, are used for the purpose.
Notices were served on two who informed
XLS that they had nothing whatever to do
with the property. This was, of course, a
mistake on our part.
Kep.Is the movement in which you are
.engaged, general? By whom was it started?
Mr. McKibbinThe movement was orig
inated by myself, but it is intended to be
generalto include everybody. Not to make
it Protestant or Gentile, but to have it on
the broad principles of moralityto gather
together the moral sentiment of the com
munity for the abatement of the evil without
regard to religion or, indeed, politics, or
other social distinction.
Rep.Have yon fixed upon a time for the
inauguration of preventive measures?
Mr. McKibbinThere ought to be, and
will be allowed a week or ten daysa reason
able time to make the changes, notify their
tenants, and to see that they remove in ac
cordance with their requests. This, however,
is not a matter to be determined by dates.
One step may determine the commencement
of another. i
jjep,is there any thing else, Mr. McKib
bin you would like to say? i
Mr. McKibbin,There is one thing of in- 1
terest. For my part, I do not labor under
the idea that this thing can be extinguished,
nor may the movement we are engaged in
have any great influence in keeping away
men determined to go to such places, nor
keep women so disposed, from finding them.
But the making the thing an act of such
great secrecy and stealth as characterizes the
commission of other crimes, will have, in my
judgment two advantages There is a class
of women who have been seduced and
led astray who under the iufluence of shame,
strike for the centres where prostitution is
public, and the avenues all openwhere the
sense of shame, coupled with the fear of
want, is likely to draw them into such places.
This class, it* is well known, furnisV. a large
proportion of the prostitutes all over the
land. By the execution of the present law,
to its fullest extent, these women would find
greater difficulties in entering such places,
and in attempting to do so, would naturally
fall into the hands of the police, and lie by
them returned to their friends, or sent to
charitable or reformatory institutions. In
either case a large proportion would be saved
from leading lives of prostitutes. And again
as regards women, it would reduce the
possibility of inexperienced women
being led astray by disreputable men
and pievent them, being decoyed into houses
of ill-fame. If overtaken by want, they
would more likely fall into the hands of the
police. They would thus be saved from
entering into a life of that character. The
other advantage is that women from 16 to
20 years of age would have the tempta
tion to frequent such places, reduced to the
minimum, on account of the secresy and
stealth that it would be necessary to incur to
visit such places. This movement is emi
nently one for the benefit of the rising gen
Kex).Would not a strict enforcement of
the law have the effect of spreading the evil
instead of confining it to certain localities?
Mr. McKibbenA great deal has been
said in reference to the disadvantages
of the scattering of these women to rooms
and localities through the city. In reference
to this it can be said the whereabouts of
these people can be readily discovered by the
police through the neighborhood reputation
which these houses always acquire. The
legal evidence of their character can be ob
tained by raids upon them, by what is tech
nically called '-pulling the houses," by detail
ing officers to watch the premises, and by
being able to prove that men are in the habit
at all hours of the night of coming and go
ing. In this way, and by other means, the
chaiacter of the houses could be easily
established in the Municipal Court.
Kep.Have jou any idea of the number
of these women, and how many houses are
Mr. McKibbinYes, we know those who
occupy their own premises and those who
rent. Thechief of police knows of 14 or
15 whom he hasn't legal evidence to convict.
In notifying the owners of the premises, we
have included those only the character of
whose tenants could be readily proven.
Mr. McKibben here gave an instance of a
party, who was without doubt engaged in
the business, but who was so sharp that the
police could prove nothing against her. Of
course no notice was served upon her for
Kep.You think then that the remedy for
the evil lies in the strict enforcement of the
Mr. McKibbinMy conviction is that
if the Common Council will once let
it be known, that the law will be executed
according to its letter and spirit, thiough
complaints upon general fame or reputation,
or through judicious night raids, anything
but a very secret prosecution of the business
will be too perilous for all parties male and
female, to be profitable.
In view of the fact that this system of
practical license has been in operation for
years, I am of the conviction that the respon
sibility for its continuance in its present
form, must rest very largely with the Com
mon Council. Such officers of the city gov
ernment as I have talked with, have ex
pressed perfect willingness to carry the law
into effect as soon as requested
so to do by the Common Council.
Rep.You find the property owners gen
erally willing then, to co-operate with you?
Mr. McKibbinYes, with perhaps a single
exceptionthat of a party who, when noti
fied, talked as if the property was not good
for anything else and that he would have to
get out of it whatever he could.
During the interview, Mr. McKibbin
readily answered all questions put by the
GLOBE representative, and seemed anxious
that a proper and becoming expression might
be conveyed of the sincerity and earnestness
of purpose of the duty he had imposed upon
himself. Of course, in the conversation
much was said as to specific details, that if
published would tend to retard rather
than advance the movement, and is
for this reason omitted but enough
it is believed, is here given to show that one
of the most vigorous and determined on
slaughts ever instituted in any city against
the social evil is on the eve of its inaugura
tion here. To make the matter complete
the notice spoken of above to the property
owners, is herewith appended, and is as fol
ST. PAUL, Jan, 24, 1878.
DEAR SIB:Are you aware that No.
street, of which you are (owner or agent) is be
ing used by its occupant (Mrs. or Miss) as
a house of prostitution? All doubt as to this
fact will be dispelled by reference to the rec
ords of the Municipal court of this city and to
Chief of Police King. Arrangements are being
made for using the entire police, however, of
the city nd county in suppressing this evil.
Those who knowingly lease their property for
this purpose as well as the keepers of these
houses will be prosecuted to the fullest extent
of the law. May we count upon your co-opera
tion in having them removed from the houses
under your care. Respectfully, etc.,
A gentleman who is a policy holder of one of
the demoralized life companies now wishes he
had turned a "deaf ear" to the agent's tale of
'enormous dividends" and had procured his
policy of the New England Mutual, of Boston,
a company whose quiet, steady growth under
conservative management, has convinced him
that this was the-company to have chosen then,
and that he will insure with it now. There are
many others who should think and act likewise.
This favorite company is represented by J.
Watson, General Agent, 70 E. Third street.
VOLUME I. ST. PAUL, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 27, 1878.
Don't forget the great sale of Dry Goods by
the assignee of Schafex & Eorfhage.
Pure Old Bye Whisky and Bock Candy at
Donnelly's, No. 10 Wabashaw.
SCREEN PRESIDENTIAL THIEVES.
State Authorities of Louisiana While Serv
ing a State Writ Defied by the U. S.
MarshalThe Officers Arrested and V. S.
Mar nes Called in to Help Complete the
OutrageOnly Prevented by the Hesi
tancy of U. S. CourtsHis Fraudulency
Appealed to by His Hirelings for Support.
[NOTE.The introduction to the following
dispatch was lost in transmission. It appears,
however, from the tenor of that received, that
the old conflict between the National and State
government has been revived through the act
of the U. S. Marshal and his deputies, who
have taken it upon themselves to refuse admit
tance of the State officers to the Custom House
in search of J. Madison Wells, indicted by a
State grand jury, with other members of the
Returning Board, for illegal acts in connection
with the elections of 1876.ED.]
NEW ORLEANS, La., Jan. 26.At one
o'clock Sheriff Houston, who had been in
the custom house for several hours, learning
that a deputy marshal had been put in
charge of the collector's office, which was
locked and bolted, proceeded to the main
doors of the office, and there informed the
marshal and deputy collector Tomlinson,
that he had a warrant to execute against
Wells & Cd., whom he had good reason to
believe were confined in the room, and he
desired admittance. This was refused,
whereupon sheriff who was accompanied by
two deputies, stated that he would force an
entrance. Mr. Tomlinson then summoned
the chief deputy marshal who proceeded to
the door of the collector's office, and there
ordered the sheriff and assistants as well as
the crowd that had gathered to dis
band. The sheriff refused to leave
stating that he was determined to execute
the writ of the court at all hazards or be
arrested in the attempt. Sheriff Houston
then slightly advancing deputy marshal
Wurzburger laid hands upon him and
claimed him and his deputies as prisoners.
The sheriff and party submitted to arrest
and were taken before Judge Billings: sitting
in United States circuit court, but the latter
said he had nothing to do with the matter
as the parties had not been arrested by
virtue of any process from his court Mr.
Wurzburger then took the prisoner before
United States Commissioner Lane where he
stated the case, when Lane requested him to
reduce the subject matter to an affidavit.
Great excitement prevails about the custom
Mr. Tomlinson, the collector's correspond
ing secretary, made affidavit before Commis
sioner Lane against Houston for resisting a
custom house officer, and sent for the com
mander of the revenue cutter and a detach
ment of marines, ordering them to be sta,
tioned at his door, through which a passage
had to be effected to reach the collector's
Gen. Shelden and Mr. Dolerven, appeared
before Commissioner Lane, and denying the
jurisdiction of his court, asked for Houston's
release. Mr. Gurley, assistant district at
torney, asked for a continuance till Monday.
Lane refused any continuance,but discharged
Houston on his own recognizance, who is
understood to have immediately dispatched a
subordinate to bring an armed posse to force
an entrance to the custom house.
The entrance to the collector's office is
patrolled by armed marines from the revenue
cutter John A. Dix. They are as a United
States marshals force and under command
of Gen. Wharton.
A report that an attorney for the return
ing board had made a motion before JuHge
Billings for a writ of certiorari is not true.
At the adjournment of court Judge Billings
stated that no such motion had been made.
It is understood that the reason why it was
not made was a certainty in the minds of the
attorneys that it would be refused. 1
Deputy Marshall Warzarbergen, states
that the Marshall did not send for the reve
nue marines, but that Mr. Towlinson, who
made the affidavit, placed them at the collec
tor's door and turned them over to him say
Marshall, I now turn these men
over to you." The commanding of the ma
rines, Ensign Beckwith, would only state
that he was there with his force as a mar
shal's posse. General Sheldon ridiculed the
"sacred soil" idea, and thinks Marshall
Wurzburger liable under the state law for
obstructing a state peace officer in the legiti
mate discharge of his duty.
Sheriff Houston, it appears, from state
ments of his deputy, is in the marshal's of
fice in conference with Gen. Wharten, and
will probably proceed to make the arrests as
soon as the conference is ended. The sheriff
is said to be acting under the direction of
Attorney-General Ogden in his conference
with Marshal Wharton, and they are report
ed to have agreed to submit the crisis,by tel
egraph, to Washington for settlement. It is
possible that Houston has only agreed to
postpone action until Marshul Wharton can
obtain instructions from the department of
THE MINIONS CLAIM.
Col. Tomlinson, deputy collector, claims
that, as acting custodian of the building, he
had the right to call men from the Gen. Dix,
they being under the control of the collector,
and belonging to the custodian's service, al
though wearing navy uniforms. He says
the sheriff was about to force the door of
the private office of the collector, and that
he, Tomlinson, only protected the public
property. There would be no objection, if
the sheriff had been able to make the arrest
without injuring the public property. He
called upon the marshal for assistance, after
having sent for eight sailors and placed them
as a posse under the marshal.
District Attorney Lacy says he advised
the marshal to prevent execution of the
writs inside the building until further in
struction. At a conference between Assist
ant Attorney Egan, United States District
Attorney Lacy, Sheriff Houston and Marshal
Wharton, it was agreed that the ttatu
quo should be maintained until telegraphic
advices were received from Washington.
The sheriff still keeps his men around the
custom house building. Prominent Republi
cans say two of the men wanted are not in
the custom hoHse, but went upon a fishing
excursion. Wells is said to be one of the
fishing party. aj
THE REPORT TO WASHINGTON. _*"
NKW OBLEANS, Jan. 26.The following
was telegraphed to Washington:
New Orleans, Jan. 26.To Hon. Charles
Devens, Attorney General U. S., Washington
Four persons, J. Madison Wells, Thos. C.
Anderson, G. Casenave and D. M. Kenner,
who are under an icformation for felony
under the laws of the State, forfeited their
recognizances, and have, I am informed, ta
ken shelter in the custom house of this city.
Warrants for their arrests are in the hands of
the sheriff, and he went with writftto arrest
them. Understanding that they were shut
up in a room of the building, he was about
to force an entrance for the purpose of
arresting them, when he was himself
a-rested, as I am informed, upon an affidavit
that he threatened to open the door by force.
I am not aware of any cession of exclusive
jurisdiction in this building, nor of any law
that would give immunity to offenders
against the State law within its walls. Please
inform me whether the general government
has authorized or will sanction this conduct.
(Signed) H. H. OGDEN.
Attorney General, La.
THE WASHINGTON BEPLT.
About 10 o'clock to-night Marshal Whar
ton received an answer to his dispatch from
the Attorney General, instructing him not to
interfere with the execution of writs of the
Sheriff Houston was notified and found
Anderson, Kenner and Cassanave in the col
lector's office, from whence they were taken
to the parish prison, where they will remain
till they furnish new bonds in $5,000 each.
Wells was not in the custom house, but was
seen on the morning train of the Mobile
road. It is believed he is still in the State
and will surrender Monday and furnish
bonds at once.
CHICAGO WHISKY CASES.
Difference Between the Case or Jake
Rehm and that of Roelle Junker.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26.The following
statement regarding the Roelle-Junker case
as made by authority from the treasury de
partment. Counsel for Roelle, Junker and
Ford, the Chicago whisky conspirators,
state in their published letter to the attorney
general, in substance that their clients stand
as to suits against them precisely as Jacob
Rehm stood with regard to the prosecutions
against him. The facts in the two cases are
entirely different. These men were distillers
of whisky, and had property which was
seized as forfeited to the government, and
pending the suits relate entirely to the for
feiture of that property, and not for the
punishment of the parties.
llehm was not a distiller or rectifier of
spirits and no property of his was seized for
forfeiture. He was indicted with about
thirty others under section 544 of the revised
statutes for conspiring to defraud the United
States and for doing certain acts to effect
the object of conspiracy. He was promised
such immunity as the court should think
proper for the offenses described in the in
dictment if he would turn State's evidence,
which he did, and he was not released from
punishment, but was sentenced to a fine of
ten thousand dollars and imprisonment for
two years, and actually remained in prison
for three months, and paid a fine of $1,000
when he was pardoned.
Penal suits were also brought against him
to enforce a penalty which would subject
him to a penalty of of $5,000, and imprison
ment for 3 years, for two precise acts descri
bed in the indictment upon which ho had
already been sentenced, and these were pen
ding after he had suffered his imprisonment
and paid his fine.
It was not only because Rehm had fully
performed his agreement to testisy against
his co-conspirators and had pleaded guilty
to the crime and suffered fine and imprison
ment therefor, but because he was now pro
secuted for precisely the same acts for which
he had already suffered, that he was dischar
ged by the provision of the constitution, that
no person shall be subject for the same of
fence, to be twice put in jeopardy of life or
limb, which applied to his case and entitled
him to be released from the second accusation.
Rolle, Junker and Ford were distillers of
whisky. They were prosecuted for crime
and their whisky was seized as forfeited.
They turned State's evidence and received
full immunity for their criminal acts, being
subjected to no fine or imprisonment what
ever. They now ask to have their whisky,
which was forfeited to the government, re
stored to them, and this the Attorney Gen
eral and Secretary of the Treasury very prop
erly decline to do.
This proceeding is against the whisky and
not against the men. Any lawyer, except
counsel for whisky conspirators, would
readily see the difference between the two
Arrival at Madison to Look after His
ConfirmationThe Sentiment Running
Strong Against Him.
[Special Telegram to THE GLOBE.]
MADISON, Jan. 26.General Rusk, in re
sponse to telegrams, arrived this evening,
direct from Washington, and in company
with Senator Andrews, held an interview
with Governor Smith. The General says he
was not an applicant for the position, and
that his nomination was a complete surprise.
In answer to an inquiry he stated that he
had not agreed upon any plan of action, and
should not until he looked the matter over
very thoroughly. Gen. Rusk is very much
surprised at the disfavor with which his
name is received, and with the course of the
State Journal, which has a long editorial
bearing strongly against his confirmation.
Most of the Senators have gone home to
spend the Sunday, and consult with their
constituents. From all accounts coming
through the State press and otherwise, it
looks as if they would return heartily set
against his confirmation. Gen. Rusk looks
warlike, but at the same time, when he sees
the enemy so strongly intrenched he may
conclude to request Governor Smith to with
draw his name.
Brought Home to Answer for His Crime.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
WINONA, Minn., Jan. 26.Detective Miller
returned to-day from Kansas, having in cus
tody W. J. Horon, a young man only twen
ty-one, son of W. J. Horon, who lives seven
miles from Kellogg. The prisoner is
charged with forgery and swindling, having
victimized parties here in Wabasha to the
tune of several hundred dollars. On the
way here he made a desperate attempt to
escape by jumping from the car window,
but was recaptured, and is now in jail.
*V^ ^-i^ V/*^" te
ARMISTICE NOT YET SIGNED.
Terms Reported to Turkish Parliament
Russian Advance ContinuedWar Dem
onstrations in GreeceEngland Snubbed
by Germany-Indi cations that a Supple
mentary Vote Will be Had in the
NO NEWS OF AN ABMISTICE.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Jan. 26.The Porte has
received no news of an armistice having
been signed. The Russian headquarters,
accompanied by the Turkish plenipotentarie?,
have left Kezanlik, continuing their advance.
The foreign ambassadors are still unac
quainted with the Russian conditions of
peace, but they were communicated to-day
to the Turkish parliament at a secret sitting.
PAWS, Jan. 26.The newspapers have
semi-official intelligence announcing the Rus
sian conditions of peace, including the open
ing of the straits to Russian war-ships. This
concession is granted by Turkey.
Waddington, minister of foreign affairs,
has sent 10.(XK) francs to Constantinople to
relieve the distress of refugees.
The French government has ordered two
advice boats to proceed to Constantinople.
The commander of the French ironclad at
Smyrna has been ordered to hold himself in
readiness to protect French subjects in Con
stantinople if necessary.
GEBMANY SNUBS ENGLAND.
BERLIN, Jan. 26.The North German
Gazette, reviewing the proceedings in the
English Parliament, says: We note the ter
mination of the English episode of inter
vention, which ended as quickly as it begun,
with the greatest satisfaction, especially as it
afforded a fresh opportunity of proving the
unshakeable understanding between the
three imperial powers. All machinations,
aiming directly or indirectly at undermining
the alliance of the three Emperors, which is
a most effectual guarantee of European
peace, are again frustrated in this phase of
the crisis by the loyalty of Russia, who re
mained in intimate communication with
Austria throughout, and by Austria's firm
adherence to its former eastern policy.
BUSSIA PREPARING FOB PEACE.
ST. PETEBSBUBG, Jan. 26.The tiolox has
an important inspired article suggesting the
measures to retrieve Russia's financial posi
tion after the war. It concludes by advo
cating partial disarmament and says, even if
such a course is not decided upon by the con
ference for the whole of Europe, Russia
might adopt it with impunity considering
her admirable veteran army inured to war
by the difficult campaign. The total Rus
sian losses in Europe to January 5th, were
BELGBADE, Jan. 26.Prince Tzrelesleff has
arrived at Nisch from Russian headquarters
on a mission respecting Servia's claims.
GBEECE TAKING THE OFFENSIVE.
LONDON, Jan. 26,A special despatch
from Chaleis, Greece, says the transport of
troops, artillery and ammunition, to the
frontier is proceeding vigorously. Every
thing indicates immediate hostilities. All
the infantry have left for Liami. Great en
ATHENS, Jan. 26,News of the conclusion
of peace caused great consternation. The
chamber of Deputies suspended their public
sittings, large crowds parade the streets
making demonstrations in favor of war.
The crowd was dispersed by troops. Several
police were Injured by stones. It is feared
this manifestation will lead to serious distur
VIENNA, Jan. 26.Political correspondence:
An Athens dispatch says the Crete sitting of
Chamber is being held to-day for the pur
pose of taking important resolutions on the
foreign policy despite the news of an armis
tice. The Hellenic government intends, if it
obtains assent of the Chamber to actively
support the insurrection in Hessaly and Crete.
ATHENS, Jan. 26.9:30 p. m.The de
monstration has assumed a grave aspect.
The crowd exceeding 10,000 in number
marched to the residences of the ministers,
Deligicongis, Trecoupis, Zamis, Coumoundou
res and Deyannis where they broke in win
dows and committed other excesses. They
fired revolvers during which three persons
were wounded and killed. The crowd then
proceeded to the palace, and the king har
rangued them and said the circumstances
were painful for the nation. Nobody loved
the country more than he but it was indis
pensable to remain calm. The troops subse
quently dispersed the crowd.
LONDON, Jan. 26.Trustworthy advices
from Vienna indicate that Austria also had
begun to look for something more tangible
than a general assurance of Russia's good
intentions, and had taken steps to obtain at
least a formal diplomatic pledge that the in
terests of that monarchy should suffer no
detriment. The communications exchanged
are said to have shown a more earnest desire
than ever on the part of Russia to maintain
the good understanding hitherto prevailing,
and it is believed the present exchange of
views will lead to a satisfactory issue.
Germany also, according to a special dis
patch from Berlin, has, within a few days,
warned Russia afresh that the terms of peace
must be submitted to the powers for ap
The Earl of Derby has not been at the
foreign office for two days. His health is
said not to be as good as at the beginning of
the week. He is transacting the business of
his department at his private residence. It
is believed his resignation, which was ten
dered in consequence of the orders to the
fleet to proceed to the Dardanelles, has since
been withdrawn. It is also thought the
government will not deem it necessary to ask
for a supplementary estimate, and that a
statement to that effect Monday will accom
pany the announcement of the conclusion of
an armistice. If the vote is persisted in, in
the face of Turkey's acceptance of the Rus
sian conditions, it will be opposed by the
Liberals by all the means in their power.
GALLTPOLI, Jan. 26, 3:50 p. M.Gnus are
firing a heavy^alute at the Dardanelles. The
English fleet is coming.
LATKBAdmiral Hornby took the fleet up
tD the mouth of the Dardanelles, wher at
the telegraph station he received the coun
termand. He did not therefore proceed to
the forts, but returned to Besika Bay.
THE srx MILLIONS.
LONDON. Jan. 26.It is said that the six
millions to be asked from Parliament will be
apportioned as follows Three million to the
army, two millions to the navy and one mil
lion to contingencies.
TEXASPACiFICEAILEOAD Tom Scott, Before the House Committee, in
Favor of the enterprise.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26.Arguments in the
Pacific railway question were resumed this
morning before the House committee on Pa
cific railroads. Mr. Storrs having finished
his statement of the legal points upon which,
the Southern Pacific of California desired
the right to build through to El Paso. GOT.
J. C. Brown. Vice President of the Texas
and Pacific road discussed fully the broad
general questions which had governed the
policy of the government in aiding in the
construction of commercial highways. The
Texas Pacific, he said, had built already 44ft
miles of road without a dollar of aid from
the government, and justice required an ex
tension of the aid asked by it as the Union
and Central Pacific companies had received
$54,000,000 of bonds and 53,000,000 acres of
land Northern Pacific 47,000,000 acres and
the Texas and Pacific only 18,000,000 acres,
no portion of which could the latter receive
until after it built a thousand miles through
Thos. A. Scott, President of the Texas &
Pacific R. R. Co., briefly reviewed the
grounds upon which government aid was
asked, and the advantages which the govern
ment and people would secure through a
competing line. He showed that at the pres
ent prices of labor and material, and ability
to market the bonds at par, which would be
secured by government endorsement of the
interest therein, the whole amount of the
annual interest to be paid out of the earnings
of the line, would be less than two million
dollars, while the present trans-continental
railway has to earn more than four timea
that amount. He further claimed that un
der the plan proposed interest would be paid
every six months by the Texas Pacific Co.,
while the sinking fund would gradually re
deem the principal, and leave the road ulti
mately without debt. That under the powers
reserved to the goverment to regulate rates
so as to take care of the actual capital, these
rates would be annually reduced to the great
benefit of the government and the people,
and the government alone would save three
millions yearly by building the road, more
than the interest on the buiidis if it never
earned a cent.
Mr. Scott claimed that the Central Pacific
Company had no intention to build the line
to compete against themselves, but merely
offered to build the road to prevent its con
struction. They were not lxiund to build a
mile, and if their bill passed could simply
sit still six years, and during that time mo
nopolize the entire traffic across the conti
nent, and tax it as enormously as they were
doing now. Without any action the the Texas
Pacific Company had spent sixteen million
dollars in good faith, and had it not have
been for the panic of 1873, would have had
the whole line nearly completed by this time,
and under the aid proposed would complete
it by the year '82.
Mr. Scott closed with a strong appeal to
the committee to look at the question, not in
the light of technicalities, but on the broad
ground of the interest of the whole country,
and expressed his conviction that every
member of Congress who aided in securing
this great highway on a basis just to the
people and the interests of the government,
as a competing line between the two oceans,
would in after years regard it as one of the
proudest achievements of his political life.
The committee then adjourned until Tues
day, when the arguments will be concluded.
A fire at Townson, Md., yesterday morning,
caused a loss of $35,000 insured.
The New York Pont says, Youngs, Smith
& Co., sugar importers, have obtained an
extension from their creditors, and will pay
their obligations in installments of 15 per
cent. Total amount of the firm's acceptances
Mr. Stewart, Radical, has been elected
member of the House of Commons for
Greenock. Joseph Warner Henley, member
for Oxfordshire, has resigned in consequence
of old age.
The hearing at Hartford in regard to the
appointment of a receiver for the Charter
Oak life insurance company has been post
poned to Feb 23d.
The failure of Howard, Snelling & Co.,
coal dealers, of Boston, was for $175,000,
of which $13,000 was owed in Philadelphia.
The firm claim nominal assets, sufficient to
cover their indebtedness.
A London telegram announces the death
of Dr. Doran, the author.
The Pope's condition is worse. He kept
his bed to-day, and did not partake of any
ACQUITTED AND MARRIED,
Happy ending of sensational
AUBUBN. N. Y., Jan.. 26 Edmond J.
Hopping, on trial during the week for the
murder of Philip Proudfit at Mount Sterling
in July last, was acquitted, and half an hour
after the verdict had been given was married
The jury assisted at the ceremony as whV
nesses. Proudfit, having seduced Hoppings*
sister, fled the country, but afterwards retur
ned, and going into the store where Hopping
wasemployed, tauntingly said '-You've lived
through it haven't you? "Hopping seized a
base ball club and struck Proudfit on the
head. Dr- Hugh Proudfit, uncle of the man
killed, and who attended him, was a witness
on the trial and died suddenly yesterday.
Spanish Protectorate for San Domingo.
HAVANA, Jan. 25, via Key West.The ru
mor that Spain will sign a treaty with San
Domingo at the end of this month, assuring
a protectorate over that island, causes great
excitement in San Domingo and Hayti, and
serves to increase the unpopularity of Presi
dent Bolz. The rumor is somewhat strength
ened by the appointment of New Spanish.
Consuls at several parts of the Dominffan
Don't forget the great sale of Dry Goods hf
the assignee of Scaafer & Korfhage.