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or THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.
The Beturning Boaid Trial at Sew Orleans
Modus Operandi by which Tilden was
Defrauded of the Electoral Vote of Louisi
ana Fully Explained by the Witnesses
Wholesale Padding of Returns for Hayes
NEW OBLEANS, Jan. 31.Mr. Franklin,
on of the supervisors of registration of
Vernon Parish, was recalled. He said all
the other alterations on the consolidated
^ftatements, besides those relative to the
presidential election, were at poll two and
poll nine. All the votes cast at poll two were
for the constitutional amendments, none
againfot them. The leturns. produced in
comt showed 98 votes against the amend
ments. At poll nine, as to amendments, a
bimilar change of 81 votes is made, when
the entire vote was for the amendments.
Franklin testified that the leturns he
forwaided showed that Elam, for Congress,
and Nicholls and another conservative can
didate for State officeis received the entire
vote cast at poll 2, while the letum in court
shows 97 votes oi the Republican candi
dates for the same offices. He said the re
sult had been changed in 2 and 9 polls, and
also the total amount of votes cast. The total
for electors have been changed as follows:
Democratic electois received 647 votes Re
publican total vote 2. Also for members of
Congiess, Elam 649 and 1 for Smith.
These figuies have been changed.
By Mr, CastellanosThe information
charges that 374 votes were deducted from the
Tilden electors. You have the consolidated
returns. "Will you please explain how this is?
AnswerI really can't say.
Cro3B-examination by Mr. RayI com
plied with all the requirements of the law in
that election. I appointed the commission
ers of election. There weie ten polling
places in that parish. There was a list re
turned to mo of all the votes, with a tally
sheet and statement showing the votes cast
for each candidate.
Being asked whether he had observed the
act of 1875, in appointing commissioneis, he
asked the counsel to read the law to him.
After the law being read, he answered, "No,
I did not comply with the law appointing
representatives from different political par
ties, because there was no need. I am satis
fied that there weie 60 or 70 registered col
ored voters in the Parish. I don't think
that there were more than that number. I
could not find ten. I did not appoint any
representatives or colored commissioner of
election. Theie was two Republican votes
cast. It was the 2d day after election
that I made out the consolidated returns.
I was assisted by two of the commissioners.
My assistants done the wiiting. 1 signed it
after it was revised by me. I don't think I
compaied with the tally sheets before sign
ing. I did not mail it from the seat of Vei
non parish but thought it safe to mail it
from Alexandria. I enclosed statement with
the return which I mailed to the board of
returning officeis. Senator Texada was
present at the time I mailed and forwarded
to the returning board two consolidated re
turns. The other, was sent through Sena
tor Texada by the hand of a correspondent.
A statement accompanied this return made
by me of ten votes cast at poll No. 12.
There was no protest to the election what
ever. I did not comply with the law in send
ing the tally sheets with the returns. When
I arrived at Alexandria I found that I had
not understood the law. I then copied off
the tally sheets and sent it with a duplicate
of the returns by Mr. Texada. From my
construction of the law I thought it advis
able to send the duplicate and statements by
Mr. Texada and not by mail, because I
deemed it the safest way to send them.
Re-examined by Assistant Attorney Gen
eral EganBeing shown a document, wit
ness said, this is the statement sent by me
accompanying the letuins.
Mr. Egan offeied the statement in evi
dence, and re-iead the same., it being a re
port from witness to Michael Holm, State
Register of voters, showing that illegal votes
were cast, and ten other votes on certificates
Henry Texada, called by the State, tes
ttfied, a document being shown: This looks
like a document I fiist saw at my house in
the Parish of Rapide. The figures are not
the same I saw this document sealed up
and put in the post ofhee at Alexandria.
This change is in the figures, 97 of which
were blacks. Also the figures 91 to the
Hayes' electors. I see 178 for Peter Joseph
when it should be 2. As to
the Democratic electors, so far
as I remember, the Tilden
electors were marked 647 votes. The only
alterations are at the polls 2 and 9. A sealed
package was delivered to him by the mail
carrier, stating that it was a copy of the con
solidated returns and tally sheets. I brought
them to the city and handed them to Major
E. A. Burke, who sent them to the Secretary
of State's office.
Cross-examined by Mr. CastellenosI
live 45 miles from the seat of Vernon parish.
The package was delivered to me early in
J. B. McGhee, clerk of supervisor, of reg
istration of Veinon parish, and John Frank
lin, Jr., son of the supervisor, corroborated
the statements of the latter legarding the al
teration in the returns of the polls 2 and 9
and the total returns.
Secretary of State "W. A. Strong produced
the tabulated returns of Vernon parish and
the State signed by the accused, Anderson,
which contain the forged figures.
Dr. Isaac L. Crawens, a prominent physi
cian, and Mr. Jno. Douglass, engraver, as
experts, explained the alterations and the
clumsey manner in which the erasures were
done to the jury.
Major E. A. Burke and Mr. Frank Mc
Given, of the Democratic committee, ap
pointed to be present at the canvass of the
votes by the returning board, were examined
at length in regard to the manner in
which the returns were opened. Ma
jor Burke stated that the Democratic coun
sel were often excluded while Mr. John Roy
of the Republica a counsel was even allowed
to be present at the secret sessions. The
returns from what was called the bulk of
the heavy Republican parishes were opened
in executive sessions, where the Democratic
counsel could not be piesent, but whore the
statesmen from the north, who came
here at the request of President Grant and
the reporters were admitted. Major Burke
also testified to the safe delivery of the
packages of returns from Vernon parish by
Senator Texada to him, and through him to
the Secretary of State. He says he saw the
unopened package in the office of Mr. Abel,
secretary of the returning board.
The package sent from Vernon by mail
was opened in presence of Democratic coun
sel, and dicl not contain tolly sheet. He
called the attention of the board to the other
package in possession of Secretary of State
and it was sent for. He also testified
to the refusal of the board to fill the
vacancy according to law from the ranks of
the Democratic party, bat could not swear
that Anderson was present when the refusal
was made by Wells. McGowan, from notes
taken during the canvass of the board,
states that Anderson was almost
always present. Anderson especi
ally opposed the motion of the Democratic
counsel to have their returns compared with
returns received by the board. The main
business was done in secret session, and that
at the general court. Nobody could gain
admission. McGiven will be called again
to-morrow. Kenner was released yesterday
on $5,000 bail.
TREACHEROUS CURRITUCK REACH.
.Steamer Metropolis Stranded with 5548
Souls on BoardFifty Washed Ashore
The] Remainder Supposed to be Lost.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31.The signal service
observer at Kitty Hawk, N. C, reports to the
chief signal officer as follows: The steam
ship Metropolis has stranded on Currituck
beach three miles south of Currituck light
house. She is a total loss. Two hundred and
forty eight persons were on board. Fifty
swam ashore. No assistance from the life
saving station. The chief signal officer has
ordered one of the operators at Kitty Hawk
station to go at once on horseback to the
scene of the wreck and open the telegraph
station theie and forward all the information
as rapidly as it can be obtained. The wreck
is about twenty miles south from Kitty
The Metropolis sailed for Brazil. She
was despatched by contractors for the Ma*
deria and Mamore raihoad carried 200 la
borers, 500 tons of railroad iron and several
mails for Brazil.
The steamer was commanded by Captain
Ankers. Paul J.White, formerly chief engin
eer of the Lehigh Navigation company, and
James T. Moore, a well known engineer,
were in charge of her cargo of railroad
stoies, etc. The wife and little boy of Mr.
Collins, one of the contractors, were among
The messenger who biought the news of
the wreck of the Metropolis to the operator
at Kitty Hawk did not visit the wreck, but
as far as can be ascertained at present, it
appears there are persons still on board.
Full particulars will be obtained as soon as
the operator reaches the scene, whither he
started at 7:30 p. m., and should reach there
The secretary of the navy directed Admi
lal Trenchard, in command at Norfolk, to
send a steam launch through the canal to
the scene of the wreck. The signal service
sergeant at Norfolk reports the steamers
Cioaton and the coast wrecking steamer
NOBFOLK, Va., Jan. 31.At 6:30 this morn
ing the steamship Metropolis, from Phila
delphia for Para, Brazil, went ashore on
Cuintuck beach, three miles south of the
light house, during the prevalence of a
funous southeast gale. Great confusion
prevailed on board. Owing to the fury
of the gale and 1 oaring of the
surf the oiders of the officers
could not be heard. About fifty of the pas
sengers and crew were washed ashore.
About two huudred are believed to be lost.
From some of the sailors who arrived at one
of the signal stations, it appears that the
vessel had encountered heavy gales from the
southeast for the last twenty-four hours, and
when she struck she was heading about south
southeast. The vessel swung broadside to
the surf which made a complete breach over
her and washed many of the people over
board into the sea. As soon as telegraphic
connection is made, full and more detailed
particulais will be sent by the agent of the
associated piess who has gone to the wreck
via Albemaile and Chesapeake Canal,
The unfortunate expedition consisted of a
full corps of picked engineers and laborers.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1.Up to 3:00 a. m. the
chief signal officer here had received no dis
patch from the operator sent to the scene of
the wreck nor has anything additional been
received from Norfolk.
A private dispatch to Mr. Collins, one of
the contractors, says there were 210 laboreis
on board and only 54 were saved.
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 31The following is
a partial list of the passengers: Cabin,
Nicholas Hawkins, Richard Clark, Michael
Ryan, A. W. Newton and Geo. W. Stainrook,
fireman J. J. Moore, engineer Joseph
Brady, assistant steward Dr. Green, physi
cian E. LaForcade, clerk Paul J. White,
Furniture Factory and Dwellings De-
stroyedLoss $200.000Families Home
less and Workmen out of Employment.
BOSTON, Jen. 31.A fire broke out this
evening in the fifth story of the large six
story brick building, 121 Medford street,
Charlestown district, used for the manufac
ture of fine furniture, by F. W. Holmes
& Co. The building, 450 feet long
and extending back 200 feet to
the Mystic river, was filled with furniture, a
a large amount on the upper stories being
finished. A violent snow storm, with a
strong east wind, delayed the firemen and the
entire building was soon in flames. Three
alarms, quickly followed by a general alarm,
were sounded, and only by a great effort
a most disastrous conflagration was
stayed. At 10:30 p. m. the fire was under
control. The factory contents were com
pletely destroyed, together with eight houses.
Some twenty families are homeles, and be
tween 400 and 500 workmen thrown out of
employment. The details of the loss and
insurance are not yet available. Loss on fac
tory, machinery and stock of furniture esti
mated at $150,000. Other losses about 50,-
PHTTiAnKTiPHTA, Jan. 31.A fire occurred
this evening at the dry goods commission
house of H. P. & W. P. Smith, 224 and 226
Chestnut street. Messrs. Smith are agents
for Robt. Patterson & Co.'s Manayunk mills,
and usually carry for them about $35,000 in
stock. George Campbell, agent for
Campbell's mills in this city, occupied the
a portion of the first floor. All four floors
were well filled with material, the value
which is estimated from $175,000 to $250,-
000. Insurance on H. P. & W. P.
stock fully covers the
$75,000 was also done towoolstock the and build
ing of Coffin, Artemus & Co., 220 Chestnut
street. In th sam building, George Canip-
$70,000 fully insured.
WAR OF W0EDS.
IN THE RRITISH PARLIAMENT.
Bitter Debate Over the Supplementary
VoteRiotous Demonstration In the
StreetRoumanian District of Russia
Contradictory Reports as to Austria
Ministerial Crisis in Greece--Where
abouts of the Russian Army.
LONDON, Jan. 31.The House of Com
mons was very crowded in all parts this af
ternoon by persons anxious to listen to the
debate on the government's motion for a
supplementary vote. Many peers and for
eign representatives were present. Sir Staf
ford Northcote, chancellor of the exchequer,
replyina to question said: The govern
ment will not object to furnish the House
the correspondence respecting the Glad
stone-Negropontis incident. Under Foreign
Secretary Bourke injreply to a question, said
he had heard to-day that the telegraph line
between Constantinople and Galhopolis was
cut. Sir Stafford Northcote, in response to
the inquiry of Mr. Chaplin, said that at the
latest advices no armistice had been signed.
The Russians are still advancing southward,
but he was ignorant as to what point they
have reached. As to whether, in view of the
continued Russian advance, England still
adheres to her conditions in Lord Derby's
May dispatch, he said he could only say that
the government does entirely adhere to those
Mr. Foster, amid the cheers of the opposi
tion moved his amendment to the vote of
credit, declaring that the house sees no reas
on for adding to the people's burden by
voting additional supplies.
Mr. Foster said he saw nothing in the
peace conditions endangering British inter
ests. He was convinced of the absolute
necessity of his amendment, The vote de
manded by the government was unprece
dented. If it was the duty of the house to
vote money when wanted, it was the duty of
the governmant to say what it was wanted
for. The only information that the house
had was that the government intended
to flourish a vote in the face
of the forthcoming Congress on the Eastern
question. The interpretation put on the
motion was that the government thought
the peace conditions unsatisfactory. He
could find nothing in them calling for a
suspicious attitude on the part of Great
Britain. If Russia desired to take advan
tage of her victories to alter the existing
treaties concerning the Dardanelles, that
wibh was only natural, but Prince Gortscha
koff said he regarded this as a matter not to
be settled by Russia.
Forster then arraigned the recent foreign
policy of the government and declared that
they were not entitled to this vote as a vote
of our confidence, and did not need it for
any interest of the country. Forster spoke
an hour and a half.
Cross, Secretary of State for the Home de
partment, followed Forster.
In the House of Lords, Lord Derby, in re
ply to a question, said he had no information
concerning the armistice. He had just seen
Ccunt Schauvaloff, Russian ambassador, and
he had none. He, Lord Deiby, saw a confi
dential letter from Pimco Gortschakofl
to Count Schouvaleff saying he was at a loss
to explain the delay. Certainly Tuikcy was
equally unaware of the cause. Loid Derbj
supposed that an explanation of this per
plexmg situation would soon be forthcoming.
In reply to a question whether the occupa
tion of Constantinople by Russia alone, oi
in conjunction with other powers, had been
put forwaid as one of the conditions of
peace. Loid Derby answered unhesitating
ly in the negative. He said no pioposition
had been made by Russia, that diplomatic
sanction should be given to the occupation
of Constantinople, and no proposal had
been made for joint occupation.
Cross said that Forster's speech was in
tended to create the feeling that there was a
war party in the government which desired
credit in order to apply it to waslike pur
poses. This imputation he distinctly de
nied. He also declined to admit that the
vote was intended as a general vote of confi
dence. All the government asked was that
money should be granted which might be
necessary, and that it be given in full conn
dence that it would be used if absolutely
necessary. The government had never
swerved from the policy of Lord Derby's
dispatch of the 6th of May. He chaiacter
lzed the speeches against the government
outside of the House as lying speeches.
[Cheers from the ministerial benches.] He
commented on the delay in making known
the terms of peace, and the coincident rapid
advance of the Russian forces, and pointed
out that the delay was not caused by the
Turks, but by the Russians. He asked
where was the strategicyreason for the Rus
sian advance on Constantinople, when the
basis of a peace was already accepted by
Turkey. He taunted the opposition amid a
storm of derisive shouts of "withdraw,"
of being friends of the Russians, and main
tained that seeing the Russians still advancing
the government was bound to persevere in
the vote. The government must exercise
the right to be heard in the final settlement,
and if it be heard at all it must be backed
by the estimate now submitted. The gov
ernment's only only object was a substantial
and lasting peace. He had not believed
until he saw it that this amendment would
be put, and he had no doubt it would be de
feated by an overwhelming majority.
The House was very lively during both
Forster's and Cross's speeches, and there
were cheers and counter cheers from either
side of the house. Sir Wilfred Lawson op
posed the vote, and contended that the prop.
eT course of the government was to go to the
country and get the opinion of their constit
Mr. Bright lamented Sir Stafford North
cote's tone in giving notice of the supple
mentary vote. He had spoken as though the
freedom of the Christian provinces of Turkey
was opposed to the interests of England.
Bright hoped six million pounds would not
be used to restrict that freedom. He thought
the terms of peace should not^alarm the people
or feed our discreditable jealousy of Russia or
justify the government in entering a con
ference with an attitude of menace. If the
government adhered to the old policy of
cherishing animosity against Russia, they
would bequeath a legacy of war to posterity,
whereas they might bequeath a legacy of
growing, lasting friendship with one of the
The debate adjourned until to-morrow.
In the House of Lords this evening dur
ing the general debate which arose on the
question as to whether the government
would take any steps to secure the protec
tion of the Mussulman population of Eu
ropean Turkey, Lord Derby said he was not
one of those who attached great importance
to Armenia as involving British interests,
but he doubted the prudence of holding lan
guage in this House which must be an en
couragement to the Russians to advance in
that direction. He could not entertain the
view that this war grew out of local disturb
ances in Herzegovina and had not been
planned before. The government's first
care would be to secure a settlement of
peace with the concurrence of all the Euro-
ST. PAUL, FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 1, 1878.
pean powers, and when the terms of peace
were known they would receive the deepest
and most earnest consideration of the gov
ernment, one of whose obvious duties it
would he to secure as far as possible equal
justice to Mohammedans and Christians.
ROUMANIAN DISTBCST OF BUSSIA.
BUCHABEST, Jan. 31.In yesterday's sit
ting of the Chamber of Deputies, the gov
ernment was interpellated concerning mili
tary requisitions and irregularities of the
railway traffic. M. Bratenio, President of
the ministerial council, said he would these
evils were the only opes the country had to
endure. M. Cogal Niceans, Minister of For
eign Affairs, stated that the government
would perhaps receive information Thurs
day on the conditions of peace. "God grant,"
he said, "that the sacrifice Roumania has al
ready made may be the only ones she may
have to make in consequence of the present
war." These words are understood to refer
to the desire attributed to Russia to re-annex
LONDON, Jan. 31.A dispatch from Vienna
says the Austrian ambassador at St. Peters
burg is understood to have delivered yester
day to Prince Gortschakoff a note declaring
that Austria in no way disputes Turkey's
right to conclude treaties in her own interest,
but must consider arrangements at Kazanlik,
so far as they may modify present treaties or
touch upon Austrian interests, as not falling
within the right of Turkey until new ar
rangements have been made with the signa
tory powers of the treaty of Pans.
The new Free Press states that Count
Andrassy has taken steps to bring about
joint action of Europe to prevent a judicial
policy on the part of Russia. Austria, with
this object, would take the invitation in as
sembling a European conference at Vienna to
discuss and determine all points of peace
conditions affecting the common interest of
LONTOV, Jan. 31.A dispatch from St. Pe
tersburg says: A semi-official contradiction
is given the report of the dispatch of the
identical statements by England and Austria
to Russia. The Austrian and English notes
are by no means identical, nor is the Austrian'
and English action analagous. A friendly
interchange of opinion such as would natu
rally arise from the present situation, is now
proceeding between Vienna and St. Peters
The latest statement of Count Andrassy
respecting the preliminaries of peace does
not bear any unfriendly interpretation. The
attitude of Austria is that of friendly
favor. All the views expressed by Austria
concerning the due regard for its interests,
have been met by Russia in a considerate
spirit befitting the personal relations between
the Czar and the Emperor. Russia, it is
added, is not disinclined to settle in common
what is of common interest.
LONDON, Feb. 1.A dispatch from Vienna
says: The intention to bring about a confer
ence for the purpose of settling points in
the preliminaries to peace which touch upon
international interests, is assuming more pos
itive shape. No objections seem to have
been raised on the part of Russia. The
Russian answer to the Austrian note has
been received. It recognizes the fact that
piesent or future stipulations between Rus
sia and Turkey are subject to modification
and aie not definitive until sanctioned by
MINISTERIAL CEISIS IN OEEECE.
ATHENS, Jan. 31.The secret sitting of the
Chamber of Deputies yesterday was very im
portant. M. Caurmaundouros, Greek prem
ier, submitted a ministerial programme. He
said it was expected the Ministers of Fi
nance, War and Marine would submit extra
ordinary estimates. The premier recom
mended the Chamber to continue its delib
erations to-day. He said if there was no
quorum present then he should regard it as
a vote of want of confidence and re
sign. Twenty-four communes in the
district of Vola, Thessaly, have
formed a provisional government.
ENGLAND'S GBOUNDS FOB DISTBUST.
LONDON, Jan. 31.The foreign office has
published further Eastern correspondence.
Minister Legard at Constantinople tele
graphs under date of the 28th inst., that the
Russians appeared at Bonrges, and seemed
determined to advance on Constanti
nople in great force. Lord Derby on the 29th
of January instructed Lord Loftus, British
minister at St. Petersburg, to make a notifi
cation to the Russian government. The
terms of notification are almost identical
with those attributed to Austria in to-day's
dispatches. Copies of this notification have
been sent the ambassadors at Paris, Vienna,
Berlin and Rome,together with the expression
of the hope that the views therein contained,
which were based upon treaties, would re
ceive the assent of other signatory powers.
Lord Loftus telegraphed to Lord Derby on
the 30th of January that Gortschakoff re
plied to the notification that the basis of
peace were not definitive as regards
Europe. The questions affecting European
interests would be concerned with the pow
ers. Lord Loftus adds that Prince Gort
schakoff informed him that the last article of
informal peace conditions communicated by
Count Schowaleff, relative to ulterior under
standing in regard to Russian in
terests in the Straits was vague
and unnecessary. He denied it referred to
an understanding between Russia and Tur
key, and had no objection to suppress it alto
gether. He authorized Lord Loftus to de
clare most categorically that Russia consid
ered the question of the straits could only
be settled in concert with the powers.
Lord Derby to-day telegraphed to Minis
ter Loftus thot the government received
Prince GortschakofFs statement with satis
faction and would be glad to hear the Rus
sian government had suppressed the article
concerning the straits, as he had expressed
his willingness to do. Lord Derby
informed Lord Loftus on the 29th
of fears that Count Schouvaleff
on behalf of Prince Gorlschakoff denied
the rumor that preliminaries of peace would
be signed at Sebastopol and affiirmed they
would be conformed at Adrianople.
THE BUSSIAN ABMT.
ADBIANOPLE, Jan. 31.The Russian Grand
Duke Nicholas arrived the 26th by railway
from Hermanli and took up his quarters in
the Governor's palace. The Russian van
guard has occupied Boboski, HasMoi, Dema
tico and Kirk Kilissa. The Czarowitch's
army crossed the Lorn in force and the
Turks are everywhere retreating upon the
fortresses of the quadrilateral.
V*,\S TBYJNG TO SELL NEWSPAPEBS.
LONDON, Jan. 31.The Rotterdam Gour
ant publishes, under reserve, a private tele
gram from Constantinople, which does not
obtain credence, asserting that peace negoti
ations have been broken off, that the Turks
will resist to the last extremity, and that for
eign ambassadors are taking measures for
protection of Christians. g** V^''^
BOMS BULEBS WILL DODGE, gHl
LONDON, Jan. 31.The Home Rulers, at a
meeting to-day, decided to abstain from vo
ting on the govt's' motion for a credit vote.
GALCPOLI, Jan. 31.Ten thousand Rus
sians are advancing on Bodzsto and Keshan.
SeffiEii y^fisi .Kiit M' **ux*
BY THE DEMOCRATS OF THE HOUSE.
Reducing the Expenses and Increasing the
Efficiency of West PointAmendments
to the Silver Bill-Pacific Railroads
Brutality at the Frenchmen's Hospital.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31.Senator Kernan
presented petitions from citizens of Erie and
other counties of New York, in favor of the
remonetization of silver and the repeal of
the specie resumption act. Referred.
A number of bills of a private character
During the morning hour Senator Howe
called up the House joint resolution extend
ing the thanks of Congress to Henry M.
Stanley, explorer of Africa, and it was unan
imously agreed to.
Senator Maxey called up the Senate bill
appropriating $200,000 for the erection of
suitable posts for the protection of the Rio
Grande frontier, and it was passed.
Senator Hamlin sent to the Clerk's desk,
and had read the lesolutions of the Maine
Legislature, in regard to the silver question.
The resolution favors the single gold stand
ard, and declared the Senators and Repre
sentatives in Congress fiom the State truly
represented the people of the State in oppos
ing the silver bill. Laid on the table.
The bill now beiag before the Senate in
piesenting the resolutions of Senator Ham
lin, said they were agreed to with but three
dissenting votes in the* Senate, and but 21
dissenting votes in the House of Delegates.
Senator Wallace presented a petition of
citizens of Lawrence county, favoring
the passing of a constitutional amendment,
respecting church and State. Referred.
Senator Plumb called up the Senate bill
to define the rights of persons with respect
to homestead entries on the public domain.
Senator Voorhees presented the petition of
James D. Williams, Governor of Indiana,
praying an appropriation for the payment to
the States of Indiana, Pennsylvania, New
York, Vermont, and other States in like con
dition, unpaid balances of actual expenses
incurred by them, respectively, for enrolling,
equipping, and supplying troops to aid in
the suppression of the late rebellion. Re
Senator Beck introduced a bill to pur
chase a suitable building for the use of the
United States courts held at Louisville, Ky.
When the question of postponing the sil
ver bill was being discussed, Senator Oglesby
said public feeling was as much aroused on
the question of remonetization of silver, as
it had been on any question since he bad
been the Senate, and the people were
growing impatient at the apparent studied
delay in disposing of it. The American peo
ple had been for more than three years in
despair. Poverty had been on every hill top
all over the country smiling at their distress.
Congress had given expression to no
plan that could be considered
an honest attempt at relief. The time had
come when Congress could say and ought to
say, what in its judgment should be done in
regard to the silver question. Nothmg could
be gained by postponing further considera
tion of this bill until Monday. No new ar
guments could be produced and the Senator
might prepare himself to speak more intelli
gently, but no new light could be given. He
was opposed to any delay.
At the expiration of" the morning hour
consideration was resumed of the silver bill.
Senator Morgan submitted an amend
ment to allow the free coinage of silver by
permitting the holder of bullion to deposit
at any assay office or mint in sums not less
than $100 in a single deposit, nor to exceed
$100,000 during a calendar month by the
same depositor the bullion to be
valued at its right price for legal tenders at
the day of deposit, certificates to be given to
the owner to be paid by the Secretary of the
Treasury in not less then thirty nor more
than ninety days in legal tender rates or
silver dollars at the option of the govern
ment, and after one year, the coinage of sil
ver to be on the same footing in all re
spects with the coinage of gold.
Senator Booth submitted an amendment
to allow owners of silver dollars to deposit
them with the Treasurer of the United
States and receive certificates of not less
than $10 each, the certificates to been
graved as money, and to circulate in place
of silver. The design is to obviate the in
convenience in silver in commercial trans
After some discussion, on motion of Sen
ator Bayard further consideration of the
silver bill was postponed till Monday next,
with an understanding that the debate then
be resumed and continued from day to day
till a vote be reached.
Senate then adjourned until Monday.
House of Representatives.
The West Point Academy bill being pre
tented, Mr. Durham explained its provisions.
It appropriated $272,155, being $14,449 less
than last year. The present bill appropri
ated $150,000 for the pay of cadets, which
would not in the least lessen the pay of each
cadet, although it was $17,00G less than was
appropriated last year. The committee on
appropriations had avoided making any un
necessary appropriations and in this its first
bill it had endeavored to keep down expendi
tures for the military academy to what
was actually requisite for the needs
of the institution. He explained there was
a section in the bill providing that appoint
ments of civilians to be second lieutenants
should be made only when more vacancies
exist than could be filled by appointments
from the next graduating class of cadets.
The committee had also recommended a sec
tion providing that when each cadet has
been appointed and matriculated, no other
appointment from the same district shall be
made during the term for which the cadet was
appointed, shouli a vacancy occur therein for
any other cause than death or physical disa
bility. That would make members of Con
gress most careful as to the character of the
young men they selected to go there. The
Secretary of War and Gen. Schofield, princi
pal of the academy, approved of that pro
After debate, but without action the com
mittee arose, and Harris (Va.) from com
mittee on elections reported the California
case against Pachero, the sitting member,
and in favor of Wigginton contestant.
Mr. Wait presented a minority report, tak
ing opposite grounds.
Mr. Springer presented a separate report
on his own account, although concurring in
the'resolution of the majority. Reports or
Mr. Harris gave notice he would call up
the case next Tuesday.
The Speaker announced the appointment
of the following additional members of the
committees: Expenditures of the State de
partment, Turner and Bundy expenditures
of the navy department, Pridemore and
Williams, of Oregon expenditures of the
postoffice department, Clark, of Missouri^nd
McKinley expenditures of the war depart-
ment^ Dickey and Seed expenditures of the
interior department, Patterson and Pound.
Tlie Pacific Railroad.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31.*The House com
mittee on Pacific railroads to-day continued
the hearing of arguments on the Texas &
Southern Pacific bills. C. P. Huntington
addressed the committee in answer to Col.
Scotts' argument made last week. He de
nied the assertion that the Southern Pacific,
and Central Pacific, were the same thing,
and said they were quite distinct in their or
ganizations and aims, and that when com
pleted vhrough to the East, the Southern Pa
cific would compete for the business now
engaged by the Union Jk Central lines. He
explained that years ago, before any of these
questions had arisen, or were thought
of in the settlement of some
local differences, he and some
of his friends of the Central had been per
suaded to go to the help of the Southern
Pacific, which had then about 50 miles of
road in operation, and that finding they
were compelled to build under the law 50
miles ayear at the Colorado end of the line
and 20 miles at the WTestern
end, he had re
peatedly offered to dispose of his entire in
terest in it, anM 1873 did sella controlling
portion of the line between Colorado and
San Francisco to CoL Scott himself, but he
did not fulfil his contract. Since then a
good deal more road had been built, but he
was willing to dispose of it to the United
States or to Col. Scott if he could be
satisfied that it would be used as a part of a
direct line to the Gulf and lower Mississippi
cities. Huntington said his friends could
build the line between the Colorado and the
Rio Grande, 600 miles, as cheaply as Col.
Scott's, and would guarantee to put more
money value into the road from their own
mortgage bonds, than Col. Scott's paity
would out of their bonds endorsed by the
government, and to build the road within
five or six \ear-4. He offered to amend the
bill now in committee HO S I to allow
the same supervision and restrictions as to
construction and rates by Congress
over the Southern Pacific between
its eastern terminus on the Texas frontier
and several posts in Southern California as
are contained in the Texas Pacific bill, so as
to place the two offers on an equality, ex
cept that the former asks no financial aid,
while the latter asks indorsement at the rate
of $35,000 per mile. He claimed that the
Southern Pacific route across California be
tween the Zuma and Los Angelos posts was
not only the best as to grades, but also moie
directly in the line of through travel and
traffic, and could be made to answer equally
as well to San Diego, as the branch hue was
now within 90 miles of the harbor.
Terrible Story of Brutality.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31.The Secretary of
the Interior has received several affidavits
confirmatory of the statments of witnesses
examined by him Saturday last, showing that
the condition of the Freedman's Hospital
before the recent investigation in the matter
of cruelty, food and care of patients was
vastly improved since the inveesigation be
gan. One of them contains a statement
showing a frightful disregard of the feelings
of patients in connection with the disposi
tion of bodies of patients who have died at
the hospital, the affidavit avowing that the
hospital yard was made a common burial
ground for the reception of partially muti
lated bodies buried in sacks. Details of the
case shows the bodies were exhumed in sight
of patients of the hospital, and all the state
ments in the affidavits are particularly severe
on Dr. Purvie.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31.The tariff bill was
to-day submitted by the sub-committee to
the full committee of ways and means, who
decided to consider it next Tuesday, Thurs
day and Saturday, and every day thereafter
until it shall take final action.
The committee on Pacific railroads to-day
heard Mr. Huntington in behalf of the
Southern Pacific railroad, in reply to those
advocating the Texas Pacific railroad.
Secretary of the Navy Thompson, examin
ed the training ship Saratoga to-day, and
found the hull sound, but her upper works
weakened by rotten timbers. Twenty thous
and dollars will place her in good condition.
Secretary Thompson was gratified because of
the discipline among the boys, and their pro
ficiency in ship and shore practice.
Senor Zamicona. special agent of Mexico,
to-day paid the second installment of $100,-
000 on account of the award made by the
joint American and Mexican Commission in
favor of American citizens.
The silver certificates proposed to be issu
ed in the amendments offered in the Senate
by Senators Booth and Morgan, are to be
received for all dues of the government, in
cluding custom duties.
THAT ME MORAS BUM
Brings Out Some Good Reading Between
Chandler and Burke.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31.Mr- Chandler fur
nishes the following additional telegrams:
NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 30, 1878.W. E.
Chandler, Washington, D. C.The state
ments in my telegram are true, can be estab
lished, and having admitted the application
to yourself, it is evident that your past con
nection with the Louisiana affairs has been
such as to justify me in declining further
correspondence with you upon that subject.
[Signed] E. B. BUBKE.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31,1878.Major E. A.
Burke, New Orleans: Please make public
all proofs of your charges against me, to
gether with the memorandum you have of
the Wormly Hotel conference.
W. E. CAANDLEE.
BURIED IN THE SHAFT.
An Earth Cave at Dubuque Buries Three
DUBUQUE, Jan. 31.This afternoon a shaft
sunk on what is called the Coleman lead, in
the western border of the city, was found to
have caved in on three men. Thomas Olson
and two sons are probably in the
drift, as the excavations are small,
and in*compact clay, and its believed they
must be dead. The shaft is sixty-five feet
deep, and the coats of the miners were
found at its mouth. Fifty miners are at
work in half hour relays sinking another
shaft close by in the hope of getting the
men out alive. It will take till to-morrow
noon to reach the drift.
r Missing Vessel Heard From.
SAN FBANCIBOO, Jan. 31.The bark W. A'
Holcomb, supposed to have'been lost with
all hands on a voyage from Honlulu to
Baker's Island, has returned to Honlulu.
She had been unable to make a landing at
the island on account of the weather.
Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bart., succeeds
the Earl of Carnarvon as Colonial Sec*,
The Merchants'National Bank at Nova
Scotia, Kan., closed its doors to-day.
Pore Old Bye Whisky and Bock Candy at
Donnelly's, No, 10 Wabashaw,
HATES A\I SHERMAN BACKDOWN.
The President "U ill Not Veto the Silver
Bill, Though He stay ProtestSherman
Concedes that it Will Xot Be So Bad Af
"lhe Washington correspondent of the New
York Bulletin, the leading hard money finan
cial organ of the conntry, telegraphed to his
paper on the 29th of January, the following
which was based on an interview with Sec
"There are good reasons now for the be
lief that there has been some sort of under
standing whereby the Senate will amend the
Bland silver bill so as to give the govern
ment the profits of coinage, and that the
President will not veto the bill, but let it be
come a law without his signature, or sign it
under a lengthily-written protest. The ad
ministration, since the vote to-night, has
weakened somewhat, but may stiffen up un
der taunt. The President does not like the
situation, but is preparing to pave the way
gradually for the introduction of silver and
realizing that his veto would be overruled
by Congress, he is stubborn enough, how
ever, to repel any aggressiveness from the
silver indatiomsts. I have just left Secre
tary Sherman, who says there can be
no immediate bad effects of the in
troduction of silver. He takes the
Mints* report, and shows that there can only
be two and a half millions a month got out
from the mints, and this would have no ap
preciable effect even on the Customs receipts
for the first few months. He has an idea
that gold will go up in premium immediately,
but that no premium can stand, because
there will be further use for it if silver
can b used. Beside, while legal tenders are
at par with gold, ho savs, there may be legal
difference in their \alue. because the holder
can readily buy gold or hilver com with
them. Hib mind is fixed in the behof that
there will soon be absolutely no difference in
value between our paper and coin/ because
of commercial reasons. Gold coming this
way from Europe will supply our people with
plentj of gold coin for necessary purposes,
and before that change can cause a demand
for gold com, silver will be used entirely for
payment of customs and the silver now in
use will alleviate any trouble about the
scarcity of gol* for its present purpose.
Finally, he thinks silver will be the coin in
use, unless its value, shall appreciate
to gold, because cheaper money always
drives dearear money out of circulation. He
does not anticipate any violent fluctuation in
financial affairs, but expects a gradual dissi
pation of the gold premium. When legal
tenders will asume full money functions,
coin will only be needed for change or spe
cial purposes. He savs he told the New
York bankers about Chi ismas time that they
must expect the conclusion unless they could
get up a counter sentiment, and that his
position of to-night is not newly assumed.
The passage of the Silver Bill being a fore
gone conclusion, the next thing in order
will be the establishment of three minhi in
the Sundry Civil Appropriaton Bills, which
will pass in June or July next, and the con
sequent extension of coinage facilities from
about January, 1879, to about four millions a
month, with hands working night and day.
The Secretary says he believes resumption
will be feasible under any circumstances, and
instead of despairing, speaks pleasantly of
HA\ES IX THE HOUSE.
A Walk Through the Democratic Side Af
[Washington Special (Jan. 29th) to Chicago
Thirty minutes after the house adjourned
to-day the president, bundled up in a heavy
blue overcoat, carrying a silk hat in his
hand, entered the nearly empty house on the
Democratic side. Webb C. Hayes trotted
demuiely at his father's heels. The Presi
dent paused when he neared Gen. Ewing.
The rag apostle was still at his desk writing.
He bhot up as straight as a ramrod when he
saw who was near. The great rag man and
the great good man shook hands.
"Pleasant day," said Ewing.
"Hum," said the president.
Wobb C. Hayes adjusted his eye
in his coldest manner, and said nothing.
Gen. Rice, a fraud howler in the last Con
gress, was in front of Ewing. He next made
a lunge for the presidential hand.
"Looks natural here, does it, Mr. Presi-
dent?" said the ex-fraud howler.
"Yes," said Mr. Hayes, striking a desk in
the front row with his brown kidded band.
"Here is where I used to sit." He struck it
again as if to say, "Behold it, and think
well over it before going further."
At this a tow-headed blue-jacketed page,
enterprising siid energetic, dived at the Pres
ident with a huge \rllow-co\ered autograph
b^ok. "Please, sir, jour autograph," b
continued in a feeble attempt to appear to
The President smiled for the first time.
He drew off his brown glove and dashed off,
"Yours truly, R. B. Hayes," to the great joy
of the email boy.
Gen. Bice laughed pleasantly as the presi
"You can't escape the boys."
"No," smiled the president, and on he
passed, rapidly pursued by other pages, but
he was seized by a newspaper man who was
"How do you do, Mr. President? Permit
me to present Mr. of the said
The following intersued "Fine day, Mr.
"Hum." The president never talks to newspaper
men, and he observed his rule.
"Looks natural here, eh, Mr. President?"
"Ah, ha," was the reply of the President,
who would not commit himself.
"What do you think
"Good evening," said the president, with a
low bow as he passed on.
Webb C. Hayes significantly followed at
his heels. An aged member, seated near the
middle of the aisle on the republican side,
rose up as he saw the presidential party near
ing him. He had a country friend with Mm
whom he wished to introduce. He dived for
the presidential hand as he said, "Mr. Hayes
but the president was too swift. Tha
aged hand grabber caught only Webb
Hayes. He shook him heartily and humbly
and thankfully as if that waa the next beat
Mr. Pnmbleohook could not have said bet
ter: "Permit me to present my worthy
friend Mr. Stevens, of Blankville, a great
admirer of your father,"