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IlILL, MEMORIAL, PETITION DAY.
New Financial Measures IntroducedCon
tinuation of the Silver Bill Discussion in
the Senate Consideration of the New
Tariff Bill Progressing Favorably--Inves
titfation of Doorkeeper PolkOver Six
Million Dollars for the Mississippi River
"WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.Senator Matthews
presented a petition of the national and State
bank and private bankers, composing the
Cincinnati clearing house association, urging
tho repeal of that portion of the national
bank act which imposes a tax of one-half to
one per cent, upon deposits. Referred.
A large number of petitions from all parts
ol the country in favor of a sixteenth amend
ment to the constitution piohibiting the
.States fiom disfranchising persons on ac
count of sex, were presented and referred.
In presenting a petition of this character
Senator Cockrell said he had been handed a
petition purporting to come from people of
Missouri. He saw by the names that many
of them were citizens of that State. Among
the signeis weie a huge number of women,
and in the list appealed the name of George
Francis Train. He protested that Mistress
Geoige Fiancis Tram was not a citizen of
Senator Conkhng said he held in his hand
a memorial of the New York chamber of
commeice remonstiating against the remon
etization of the silver dollar. The rules of
ihe Senate did not permit him to have read
at length this memorial as they would per
mit to have read the joint resolutions of
State Legi&latiues. He legietted that, for
although he was not sure that the memorial
contained anything new on this question, as
it would be hard to say anything new in re
gard to it now, yet the argument contained
in the memorial was so clear ho could not
doubt it would have its effect.
Senator WindomIt can be read by unan
No objection being made the memorial was
read by the chief cleik and laid on the table,
the silver bill being before the Senate.
Senator Matthews presented a petition of
570 business men of Cincinnati, favoring the
passage of the Bland silver bill.
Senator Kernan presented petitions from
citizens ot Delawaie, Cattaragas, Suffolk,
Chenango, Gieen, and other counties of New
York in favor of remonetization of silver and
repeal of the specie resumption act. Ke
Similar petitions fiom citizens of Webster,
Ontario, Livingston, Rockland, Cattaraugas,
Erie, and other counties of New York, were
piesented by Senator Conkiingand referred.
Senator Voorhees presented a large num
ber of petitions of like character from citi
zens of Schenectady, Orange, Warren, Wash
ington, Oswego, Suffolk, Chenango, Alleghe
ny, Jefferson, Wyoming, Rensselaer,
Cattaraugus, Sullivan, Essex, Erie and other
counties ot New Yoik, all of which were le
Senator Conkling presented a petition of
1!)3 persons doing business on Broadway,
between Twenty-second and Thirty-second
streets, New York city, embracing the names
of over three-fourths of all peisons doing
business there, asking for lemonetization of
silver as proposed by the present bill. In
presenting the petition he sak1
he did so
without vouching for the accuracy thereof.
It was laid on the table, the bill now being
before the Senate.
He also piesented the petition of 128 citi
zens ot Rocherter, N. Y., in favor of the re
peal of the law promising payment of gov
ernment bonds in coin also the national
bank act and the passage of a law making
greenbacks a legal tender in payment of all
debts, public and piivate. Referred.
It was agreed that at 2 o'clock to-morrow
the Senate will repair to the hall of Represent
atives to participate in the ceremony of re
ceiving the picture piesented by Mrs.
Thompson and return to its chamber upon
the conclusion thereof.
Senator Anthony, from the committee on
printing, reported favorably on the resolu
tion to print copies of memorial addresses
of the late Edward Young Parsonb, repre
sentative in Congress from Kentucky, and
appropriating $600 to have engraved at the
treasury department a steel portrait of de
ceased to accompany the memorial. Re
Senator Conkling from the committee on
commerce reported favorably on senate bill
providing for holding terms of United States
district court for the southern district of
Iowa at Burlington, Iowa. Placed on the
calendar. He gave notice he would call it
up for consideiation during the morning
Senator Saunders piesented resolutions of
Omaha, and Council Bluffs board of trade re
monstrating against the passage of the pro
rata bill recently introduced by Senator
Bills introduced and referred:
By Senator VoorheesTo authorize the
secretary of war to issue ordnance stores
and equipments for use of students in col
leges and other institutions of learning
whero military instiuction is given. Re
By Senator FerryTo piovide for a water
route to facilitate transportation between
Lake Michigan and Lake Erie. Referred.
By Senator StevensFor relief of Count
C. Pulaski. It provides that there be paid
to his heir, legal representative and descend
ant, the sum of $100,000.
By Senator PhillipsTo provide for the
survey of and estimates for a ship canal with
stone sides and bottom, from deep tide water,
near the mouth of the Mississippi river, to
St. Louie, Mo., with branches to Pittsburgh,
Chicago, St. Paul and Omaha.
Senator Anthony, from the committee on
printing, leported a bill appropriating
if1,200 to engrave plates for portraits to ac
company the memorial addiesses upon the
late Senators Morton and Bogy. Passed.
At the conclusion of the morning busi
ness, the Senate resumed consideration of
the silver bill, and Senator Davis, West Vir
ginia, spoke in favor thereof. He argued it
was unconstitutional to demonetize silver.
The constitution recognized both gold and
bilver as a legal standard. If Congress could
demonetize silver it could demonetize gold
also, and then we would be without a coin.
He then referred to the arguments heretofore
made in the Senate against the payment of
the bonds in sifver, and contended that it
would be a violation of the contract to pay
the bonds in gold alone or in silver alone.
The contract called for their payment in
coin, and Congress had no right to change
the contract either in favor of debtor or cred
itor. He believed the remonetization of the
silver dollar and making it a full legal ten
der, would soon cause it to be equal to the
gold dollar in value.
He believed the passage of the present bill
would decrease the purchasing power of gold
and would add value to every species of
property in the country. Ho did not believe
its passage would impair the rights ot any.
He considered it to be his duty to protect the
rights of the capitalist as well as the poor
man. He believed that the passage of the
bill would apply in relieving the distress now
prevailing throughout the country, and would
counteract to some extent the contraction of
the currency. It would aid in maintaining
greater stability and regularity in financial
affairs and restore prosperity. Besides, its
passage was demanded by a large majority of
the peope of the country.
Senator Coke said he would vote for the
bill as it came from the House of Represen
tatives. He advocated at some length the
repeal of the specie resumption act, and argu
ed the goverment was in no condition now to
resume specie payment it is utterly unpratic
able on any baises, and especially on the
gold baises alone.
Senator McConald then took the floor
with the understanding and he will proceed
with his remarks to-morrow. The Senate ad
House of Representatives.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.The Speaker an
nounced the regular business to be the mo
tion to lay on the table the motion to recon
sider the vote by which the Honse, last Fri
day, refused to pass the bill for the re ief of
W. H. Naoman and L. A. Van Hoffman,
known as the Alexandria mill bill.
The motion to lay on the table prevailed,
yeas 126, nays 119, which disposes of the
Mr. Cox, chairman of the committee on
library, made a report in connection with
the presentation of the painting tenderecrto
Congress by Mrs. Thompson. It provides
that the Senate and House shall meet in the
hall of House at 2 o'clock on Tuesday, there to
listen to remarks by Garfield and Stephens,
and that the donor of the gift and artist be
granted the privilege of the floor during the
occasion. Report adopted.
Amongst the bills introduced and referred,
was one by Mr. Mackey, prohibiting the sec
retary of the treasury from puchabing bonds
for a reduction of the principal of the na
tional debt until a strict compliance with the
provisions of law shall require it.
Mr. Leonard presented a concurrent reso
lution of the Louisiana assembly expres
sing satisfaction with the policy of President
The following bills were introduced and
By Mr. JoyceDeclaring forfeited all
grants of public lands to railroads or other
corporations when the conditions of the
grants have peen violated, and appropriating
said lands to the use of actual settlers.
By Mr. HookerMemorial of the Missis
sippi Legislature for a southern line of rail
way from the Mississippi river to the Pacific
By Mr. RobertsonFor the protection of
alluvial land in Mississippi.
By Mr. Jones (Ohio)Making custom du
ties to the amount of one-fourth part thereof
payable in legal tender notes.
By Mr. Clark, (Mo.)Giving the thanks of
Congress to Col. Miles for his gallant cam
paign against the Indians of the Northwest.
By Mr. GauseTo distribute to the several
States the proceeds of captured and aban
doned property remaining in the treasury.
By Mr. MillsA resolution making in
quiry into the action of treasury officials
legard to seized cotton.
By Mr. MartinFor the sale of all govern
ment property at Harper's Ferry.
By Mr. PattersonFixing the time for
the election of representatives from the State
The House then went into committee of
the whole, Mr. Blackburn in the chair, upon
the military academy appropriation bill, the
pending amendment being to strike out sec
tions which allow additional pay to first
lieutenants acting as instructors at the insti
tution. Afier debate the amendment was
Mr. Aiken moved to amend so as to reduce
the pay of cadets from $540 to $300. He
criticised the action of the appropriation
committee in several of its appropriations.
In conclusion he said: West Point was an
incubus on the people of the country. If
the people knew for what the $275,000 was
appropriated annually, in less than thirty
days the House would be flooded with de
mands to put West Point under the hammer
or give it to New York, and he was bad
enough to say that he would vote for either
Mr. Hewitt, of New YorkNo doubt, no
doubt. The gentlemau coming from the
State he does would be glad to give West
Point to anybody else, but WesT Point has
vindicated itself in the history of the coun
try and the people will never allow it to go
under the hammer or be closed up. (Ap-
Mr. Hanna, excitedlyI think it would
better become the gentleman from South
Carolina to keep his seat than to make an ad
ruptandwn appeal to the demagogue which
slanders the representatives of the whole
Southern people. (Applause on the Demo
Mr. Durham defended West Point acad
emy. Congress should stand by it for it had
turned out the best and bravest men that
had ever been seen in this or other countries.
The amendment was rejected and without
further action the committee rose and the
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.The printed report
that Gen. McMillan has withdrawn as a can
didate for the collectorship of New Orleans,
is pronounced by that gentleman incorrect.
The Senate committee on privileges and
elections to-day took up the credentials and
papers of D. T. Corbin, who claims to have
been elected by the Legislature of South
Carolina to a seat in the United States Sen
ate now occupied by M. C. Butler, and refer
red them to Senator Wadleigh, as a sub
committee, to report to the full committee
what action, if any, should be taken in the
The committee to-day also agreed to ask
the order of the Senate to print the speeches
made before them by representatives of the
women's suffrage association, in behalf of
the proposed constitutional amendment, etc.
The committee on ways and means to
day passed upon schedule of the tariff
bill, which includes manufactured articles of
hemp, jute, fcc., but 'not cotton, wool, silks
and linens. No alterations were made in
the ratesthe modifications being of merely
a technical character.
The committee on coinage, weights and
measures directed the preparation of a bill
to punish persons for passing notes circulat
ing as currency, which may be' defaced, by
printing or writing upon them advertise
ments, or otherwise, and also providing
against defacement of coin. The penalty,
on conviction, is a fine of one thousand dol
lars, or one year's imprisonment, or both, at
the discretion of the court.
The House committee on agriculture to
day heard the argument of Henry Bergh,
president of the society for the prevention of
cruelty to animals, in advocacy of the pass
age of a bill which provides that stock ship
pers be compelled by law to have all stock
which they may cause to be shipped, fed and
watered every forty-eight hours.
A session of the Senate committee on post
offices and post roads this morning was de-
-2L- '*JX\ ^ATiM
voted to hearing Isaac Sherman, of Ohio, in
explanation and support of his charge
against Alex. Reed, nominee for postmaster
at Toledo. Mr. Reed was present, asked
sundry questions of Sherman, and submitted
documentary evidence in disproof of such
charges. A Neto Scheme for Retiring National Bank.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.Messrs. Ewing
and Philips, sub committee of the commit
tee on banking and currency have agreed on
a substitute for Buckner's bill. It proposes
to retire national bank notes as they may be
received by the treasury through legitimate
business channels and substitute therefor
treasury notes to be receivable for all dues
to the government gr fundable in four
per cent. bonds at par. The
banks may voluntarily retire their circulat
ing notes and receive for them four per cent,
bonds, and treasury and legal tender notes
may be received in payment of such bonds
and bonds heretofore authorized to be issued
may be disposed of at not less than par,
whereas coin may be needed for any purpos
es. The bill has yet to be submitted to the
full committee. It is framed in contempla
tion of the passage of the silver bill, with
which it is intended to be in accord.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.The committee on
reform in the civil service to-day continued
the investigation of doorkeeper Polk's de
partment. Col. Polk was examined. It ap
peared from the testimony that wheie the
law allowed him only 28 pages he had 64 on
the roll, and paid the excess in number by
reducing the salaries of those allowed by
law. He admitted irregularity in the em
ployment of the excess of pages, but said he
had explained the matter to the committee
on accounts, and with its members rested the
responsibility. Col. Polk did not attempt to
deny other irregularities in the matter of his
employes, but said the pressure was great
and that in all his movements he invariably
notified tne committee on accounts.
More Places for Arm if Officers Proposed.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.The bill intro
duced by Senator Eaton to-day, by request,
in furtherance of civil service reform, pro
poses to impower the president of the United
States to detail for such duty as he may
deem expedient retiered officers of the army
and marine corps, who may apply to him for
employment the following branches of
civil service, namely: The Indian and pen
sion bureaus, the diplomatic service, the lite
saving service, or in such other branches of
civil service as he may deem compatible with
the public interest said ofliceis to leceive,
while performing such duty, the full paj
and allowances of their lank and no more.
Pour of the Metropolis 1 ictiins Identified
WASHINGTON. Feb. 11.The signal service
station at the wreck of the Metiopohs re
ports that two bodies were buried jesfeiday.
Captain Harrison and paity leave for Phila
delphia to-morrow morning. He will take
four ladies with him. All the identified out
of 64 name are John Burnett. James Mac
donald. John Devenney and F. F. Nagle.
Missivsip/ti /titer* Improvement.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.The bill intio
duced by Mr. Robertson to improve navi
gation and to afford piotection and secuirh
to the shippiug trade, commeice, and allu
vial lands of the Mississippi river, piovide
for an appropriation of six million h\e hun
dred thousand dollars for that puipobe.
A TALE OF THE SEA.
Shipvv recked Sailors Driven Desperate
HungerFeasting on Kaeli Other's Kc-
mainsFires and Other Casualties.
NEW YOEK, Feb. 11.The schooner Speed
well from Cadiz arri\ ed to-day with the cap
tain and crew of the schooner Salhe M.
Steelman, from Charleston foi Baltimore,
which was abandoned at sea. The captain
of the Steelman makes the following state
ment: January 20th, twenty miles southeast
from Hatteias encountered a terrific gale
lasting 70 hours, v,hich washed every
thing moveable from the decks. Used
our last provisions the morning of January
23d. On the night of the 24th, during a
heavy gale, sprung a leak. On the 27th.
three of the crew gave out, leaving only four
to manage the vessel and pumps, and we
fast becoming exhausted. On the 30th, Geo.
Seaman, colored, who had become crazy, at
tempted to take the life of Walter Simpson,
but was instantly killed by the latter who,
during the afternoon, ate a portion of his
dead body. On the 3d we were rescued.
Before leaving the schooner the crew be
came so crazed with hunger that it was sug
gested they would be obliged to cast lots for
one of the number to furnish food to keep
the others alive. For eight days nothing
passed their lips except fresh" water and
tobacco, which appeased their hunger only
slightly: finally one of the sailors was killed
in a quarrel, when his body was cut up
The upper part was thrown overboard and
limbs were salted down for food. From the
thigh steaks were cut almost before the flesh
was cold and broiled. These were eaten
with a relish by the starving men. The crew
consisted of the captain, mate, cook and
four seamen, three of the latter colored.
THE PACIFIC COAST.
SAN FBANCISCO, Feb. 11.A number of
vessels, about which much uneasiness has
been felt, have reached port, some in a crip
pled condition. A number of others have
been spoken which had lost spars, sails, &c.
The storm has been very heavy all along the
NEW ORLEANS. Feb. 11.The Times spe
cial says: Last night at half-past 10 a Are
broke out in the wholesale confectionery
store of L. A. Levy, situated on the north
side of Texas stand. Communicating to the
adjoining buildings, the headway of the
flames were not checked until four large bus
iness houses were entirely consumed. The
sufferers were Julius A. Jacobs, wholesale
and retail dry goods L. A. Levy, wholesale
confectionery Mrs. A. D. Williams, dry
goods and notions, and Ben. Holzman, dry
goods: T. H. Morris, druggist, building dam
aged and stock slightly injured by water.
Loss estimated at $90,000. Insured for
about $50,000. Caused by the breaking of a
CHEYENNE.W. T.. Feb. 11.A Fort Mc
Pherson. Neb., dispatch says: About half
past eight this evening a fire broke out here,
but under the direction of Gen. E. Carr and
the perfect discipline of the troops the fire
was confined to -'L" company quarters, in
which it originated from a defective flue. In
ten minutes after discovery the whole build
ing was ablaze. The building was a total
loss. The soldiers saved most of their ef
fects and the company property.
DETBOIT, Mich., Feb. It.A fire at Hol
land this morning destroyed the yEtna hotel
and barn, owned by P. Salzman. Loss,
$4,000 insured for $2,600.
MEMPHIS, Term., Feb. 11.A report
reached here to-day that the business portion
of Pickens station, Mississippi, was burned
Saturday night. No particulars.
ST. PAUL, TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUAEY 12, 1878.
PAEDS IN CRIME.
SHERMAN'S DEFENSE OF ANDERSON
Hayes at last Determines to Stand hy Those
who Stole Hiui into the PresidencyThe
First Step in the New Programme Taken
hy John Sherman's Unqualified Endorse
ment of Anderson, the Convicted Forger
The Contempt CasesBill of Exceptions
in Anderson's Case.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.Secretary Sher
man being asked if it was true that he,
Matthews, Garfield, Hale and White had
sent a dispatch to Anderson, said it was
true, and as that fact had been made public
he would furnish a copy of the dispatch, and
they meant all they say. Mr. Sherman then
stated that he regarded the arrest, trial and
conviction of Anderson as a great outrage,
under color of the forms of law. Anderson
was not indicted. The grand jury had re
fused to indict him. The proceedings
against him is called an information and is
expressly prohibited in cases of felony by
the constitution of the United States and of
most of the States, but is provided for by the
law of Louisiana. The information was
bigned and filed by a man who was an
officer of the White League and identified with
all the numerous crimes of that organization.
The judge who tried the case is a public de
faulter for over $600,000.
When Anderson was arrebted he was act
ing collector of the port of New Orleans and
the arrest was made while he was in dis
charge of his duty at the custom house
which stands, as Sherman thinks, on ground
under the sole jurisdiction of the United
States by cession from Louisiana. He was
hurried to prison, required to give excessive
bail and, failing to do so, was kept in cus
tody, demed all postponement, forced to
trial, convicted and ih now held for bentence
without the benefit of bail.
The jury was packed to convict. A panel
had been carefully selected, almost exclu
sively of one political party and one race.
Then the examination, as it is called, showed
the deepest and strongest prejudice against
the defendant, and in every tribunal, he.
Sherman, knew nearly every one would have
been rejected on his oath, and yet, though
challenged, they were sworn in. With such
a jury I am prepared to believe the story
telegraphed this morning that the two col
ored jurors were tricked into agreeing to this
verdict by the empty appeal to the mercy of
The cause of this excitement against An
derson and his associates is, that in the per
formance of a public duty in plain pursu
ance of the law, and upon ample testimony,
they eliminated from the election returns in
Louisiana the results of violence and intimi
dation. Though this was not alleged in the
information, yet everybody knew this was
the gravamen of their offense, and without
it no man on this jury would have convicted
Anderson. It is this that excited this popu- I
lace, heated with passion, to the highest state
The pretense set up for the prosecution
was that Anderson had participated in the
forgery or alteration of Vernon parish re
turns, but there was not one particle of evi
leuce to connect him with this act. The
whole statement had been thoroughly exam
ined here by committees of congress, and all
records and returns had been spread before
them, and even Littlefield, who made the al
teration, had exculpated Auderson from any
knowledge of it. The truth is. various re
turns were opened by the returning board
before hosts of witnesses on the ninth day
of the examination, were printed precisely as
they were in the daily papers and
in both houses of Congress and the
subsequent alteration by Littlefield. of one
copy of those returns, was done either as a
put-up job by him, or in the interest of local
candidates having no effect on the general
result: and there does not appear to be a sin
gle instance of testimony showing Anderson
has participated in it in the slightest degree.
Tuere was no motive for such alteration by
Anderson. The true returns being printed in
so many forms, it was absurd to think he
would alter it, and yet upon this false pre
text he was convicted.
I hope the conviction will not be carried
into execution. If it is. as a matter of
course, the deepest feeling of resentment
and hostility will exist in the minds of the
great mass of the people, who believe that
these returning officers did but their simple
duty. Nothing has been done pending the
trial to interfere in any way with the course
of judicial proceedings, but if Anderson is
imprisoned under this sentence, it will be a
mockery of public justice, and will bring
into contempt all efforts at peace and con
ciliation. It is an unlooked for and terrible
check upon the efforts of the President to
quiet the turbulence and violence of Louisi
ana politics, and seems to me an act of folly
The following is the dispatch referred to:
WASHINGTON, D. C, Feb. 4, 1878.
Gen. Thomas C. Anderson, New Orleans:
The undersigned feel it due you under the
present circumstances to assure you of our
unhesitating belief that in the matter where
in you stand charged, you are altogether
guiltless of any offense: that you are falsely
accused and maliciously persecuted: that the
proceedings against you, though in the form
of law, is without the substance of justice,
and that we hereby tender our earnest sym
pathy and express our hope that the sense of
justice and love of peace of the people of
Louisiana will protect you and not permit
the best interests of the whole country to be
disturbed by a revival of sectional animosity.
In any event we are confident that the
American people will redress any injustice of
which you may be made the victim.
[Signed.] JOHN SHEBMAN.
STANLEY MATHEW S,
J. A. GARFIELD.
Hayes Follows Sherman.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.The President has
written a letter to Attorney General Devens
on the subject of Gen. Anderson's convic
tion in New Orleans. It is reported that
while temperate' in tone, regret is expressed
that such proceedings should have taken
place, as apart from all other considerations,
they tend to disturb that conciliation which
it was hoped would be satisfactory to all par
ties in Louisiana. There is, however, no
opportunity to-night to learn*with certainty
the exact tenor of the letter, though the
President read it to Attorney General
Devens to-day. The Attorney General has
not been placed in possession of it, and for
this reason he does not think it would be
courteous to the President to communicate
even the substance of its contents.
The Contempt Cases.
NEW ORLEANS, Feb. 11.In the superior
criminal court, the contempt case against
Lane, Tomlinson, Wurzburger and Steel
come on this morning. Mr. Castellanos ap
pearing on behalf of Deputy Collector Tom
linson stated that as collector of the port,
Gen. Anderson, was in jail. Mr. Tomlinson's
arrest if the court should find him guilty of
contempt, would stop the whole machinery
of the custom house. He would therefore
suggest that the case of Mr. Tomlinson should
be held in abeyance until the general
government had made a final disposal of the
collector's j|ffice, Judge Whittaker granted the
request, and Mr. Tomlinson was released on
parole. It was explained by Judge Cullom
that Mr. Lane's action was entirely within
the purview of his duties as United States
commissioner. Messrs. Wurzburger and
Steele acted under the instructions of their
superiors, and in the opinion of the district
attorney they desired to purge themselves of
contempt. Judge Whittaker will render his
decision in the cases on Thursday.
Bills of Exceptions.
NEW ORLEANS, Feb. 11.In addition to
the exceptions already on file the attorney
general is ordered to show on Wednesday
why a new trial should not be granted Ander
son on the ground:
1stThat James Prince, one of the jurors
who rendered the verdict in this case, not
withstanding the fact that he stated under
oath in his examination that he was over 21
years of age, was, and is in fact, a minor,
under the age of 21, and as such wholly in
competent and debarred by law from acting
in the capacity of a juror.
2dThat Thomas C. Anderson was tried
by eleven jurors and not in the mode provid
ed by the constitution.
3dThat not withstanding the fact that
Jeremiah Linealn, a juror, herein had sworn
on his direct examination, that he was a
competent juror, and had formed or express
ed no opmion calculated to effect an honest
verdict, yet it is susceptable of proof, and
such is the fact, that a few days before the
day of trial he openly btated that Anderson
was guilty, that he had no doubt of the fact,
and that said Anderson should hanged for
it. or words to that effect.
THE ZENITH CITY.
United States Sjupieine Court Decides in its
Favor in the Minnesota Point Canal Suit
WASHINGTON. Feb. 11.State of Wiscon
sin vs. city of Dnluth. It is here held that
the State of Wisconsin is not entitled to a de
cree compelling the citv of Duluth to fill up
a canal cut across Minnesota Point, made by
the city and Northern Pacific railroad com
pany to improve the entrance to the harbor
of the city, and an allegation is made that it
obstructs the flow of the waters of St. Louis
river and turns them trom their natura
course to the prejudice of the State of
Wisconsin and her citizens. The
court taking the view that by the act
of 1873, making an oppropriation for the
benefit of this harbor, Congress had deter
mined to place this canal under the same
protection as was given other and natural
entrance to harbors. The action taken under
that act is regarded as the adoption of the
canal and harbor impiovement as made,
and ah, when exercising jurisdiction, the
matter passes undei the exclusive control of
Congiess, the action was taken-by the federal
power is treated as removing tho whole sub
ject from the province of the State authori
ty, 'ihe bill was dismissed.
Bissell vs. Hayv.aid. appeal from the cir
cuit court for the district of South Carolina.
In this case the court held that where a con
tract made payable in confederate money was
not performed at the time fixed by the con
tract, the amount to be paid at any future
time in lawful money of the United States,
should be computed by comparing the value
of confederate currency with that of United
States currency, at the dates fixed by the
contiact. On the part of the payer it was
insisted that the value of confederate notes
should have been reduced to gold or sterling
exchange. This demand, the court bays,
cannot be sustained, because all contracts
between individuals could then be discharged
in legal tender notes, and these notes, and
not gold or sterling exchange, were the stand
ard of value to which other currencies were
to be reduced to ascertain their value. Af
The city of Memphis, et al. A S. Brown, er
ror to Circuit court for tho western dibtrict
of Tennessee. The important question in
the case was whether the law of the State
empowered the city of Memphis to levy a
certain tax which it had been commanded to
levy by a writ of mandamus. Upon a re
view of the legislation on the subject the
conclusion is that the authority of law was
sufficient and the award of the writ is af
First National bank of Cincinnati vs. Cook
et al. Appeal from the circuit court for the
southern district of Ohio. Affirmed.
Chief Justice Waite announced that the
court will take a recess from the 25th of
February until the 25th of Maich.
[Special Telegram to THE GLOBE.]
MADISON, Feb. 11.To-morrow bemg the
last day for introduction of new business, at
the session to-night a perfect grist of bills
were introduced in the Senate, among the
most important, relative to supreme court
decisions: for erection of insane asylum: for
care of incurable inmates at La Crobse. A
bill passed to prevent deceptive statements
by insurance companies. In the Assembly
bills passed relating to trials in criminal
cases. A large number of bills were mtro
duced, but none of extraordinary import
ance. Sudden Death of Ex-Indian Commissioner
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 11.William Welch,
brother of the American minister to the
court of St. James, fell dead of heart disease
this afternoon at Wells' hospital, at which
place he was visiting at the time. He was
president of Girard college, and was identi
fied with many benevolent institutions in
this city. He had also served as Indian
commissioner, and his name is familiar in
the Indian controversy which was carried on
under the administration of President
Through Lake Pepin.
[Special Telegram to THE GLOBE.]
LAKE CITY. Minn., Feb. 11.E. E. San
ford, of this city, while crossing the lake on
Sunday last, broke through the ice, and his
team was drowned. The loss will be seriously
felt by Mr. Sanford, as he is a poor man.
Mr. J. E. Norton, the same day, last his
wagon through the ice, his team barely
escaping hy the cutting of a rope, which was
attached to the end of the tongue, and to
which they were hitched. The lake is con
sidered very unsafe.
NEW ORLEANS, La., Feb. 11.The steam
boat! Louisiana Belle, from Shieveport for
New Orleans, sank near Normon's landing,
Red River. Boat reported a total loss. No
loss of life reported. The cargo consisted of
2,600 bales of cotton, oil and oil cake. The
cotton will probably be saved damaged by
water. The cargo was insured in New Or
leans local companies.
HE WILY EUSSIAN
ENGLAND NEATLT OVERREACHED.
Neto Phase of the Eastern WarRussia
Meets the Sailing of the English Fleet by
Ordering Troops into Constantinople
Active War Preparations in England
Iron Clads Being Hurridlg Prepared for
War, M# Troops Held in Readiness to
RUSSIANS TO ENTER CONSTANTXNOHLB
ST. PETEBSBUBG, Feb. 11.It is officially
announced that Prince Gortschakoff, Sun
day, telegraphed the powers stating tha.t
the intelligence that Great Bxitian and other
powers had determined to send ships to
Constantinople for the protection of their
subjects, obliged Russia to consider proper
means for protecting the Christians whose
lives and property might be threatened. For
this purpose the Russian government had
been obliged to contemplate the entry of a
portion of its troops into Constantinople.
It is 8emi-officially announced that orders
have been sent Grand Duke Nicholas in ac
cordance with the determination expressed
above. Russian newspapers generally doubt
whether the protection of British subject*
is the sole reason for sending the fleet to the
Bosphorus. The Agence Ruxso declares the
facts, do not justify the reasons alleged for
sending the fleet. According to a dispatch
from the prince of Reuss, dated February
8th, the safetv of Christians was in no way
threatened. All reports oft Russians abusing
the armistice are absolutely false.
The Ar/cnir Russc repeats its declaration
of Saturday that the entrv of the fleets of
the powers into the Bosphorus at the mo
ment when peaco is being negotiated will
iiiplj full liberty of action for Russia. It
ba\s: "If the presence of the fleets is neces
sary for the protection of the Christians, this
duty belongs equally to the Russian troops."
WAB PREPARATIONS IN ENGLAND.
LONDON, Feb. 12.The orders sent to
Chatham for all the dock yard hands to work
over time has caused some excitement. Such
an order has not been known Bince the Cri
mean war. The war vessels preparing for
sea at Chatham are the ironclads
Monarch. 8.322 tons: Northampton,
7,323 tons. and Penelope, 1,394
tons besides, several large unarmed vessels.
More hands were engaged jesterday for all
departments of Woolwich arsenal and Porte
mouth and Devonport dock yards. The reg
iment which was under orders to leave Ply
mouth for Aldershot has been directed to re
main at Plymouth and hold itself in readi
ness for other movements.
NEWS Ol OCCUPATION CONFIRMED.
A correspondent of the Times at St. Pe
tersburg telegraphs as follows: I can state
positively that orders have been sent to Rus
sian troops to enter Constantinople. Count
Schouvaleff has been ordered to explain to
Lord Derby that, as the great powers have
determined to send their fleets to Constanti
nople. Russia is obliged to adopt similar
measures. But Russia has no intention of
aggidvatmg the situation.
THE TnUNDERER ON THE SITUATION.
The 'rimes in its leading article says a
portion of the British fleet will proceed to
Constantinople. That is unavoidable after
what has been received. The leader points
out that Lord Derby emphasized his state
ment that other powers may not consider it
necessary to avail themselves of a firmens
for the admission of the fleets, although
they had applied for them. It is possible,
therefore, that the British and Russians
alone may bo present at Constantinople.
Such a position would be one of the gravest
anxiety. Everything may turn upon the
character of the Russian occupation. A
mere demonstrative occupation, as that of
Paris in 1870, ought not to be re
garded as alarming, but an occupa
tion in force, with no apparent limit
in point of time would throw upon our
government a very grave responsibility.
The moment is at hand when a few hastywords
or a single hasty act might precipitate a
conflict. The government have laid down
certain limits bevond which we cannot
remain indifferent to the advance of Russia.
If these limits are passed, it will be their
duty to act promptly and boldly, but it is
equallv their duty to place no hasty con
struction on acts which may be capable of
SPECULATIONS fBOM VIFNNA.
A telegram from Vienna says it is expected
hourly that as a compromise the Porte will
admit two men of war, of each power. The
ambassadors at Pera have advised the Porte
to take this course. It seems that the Rus
sian note, relating to a conference, has not
been printed. The delay is only explicable
on the supposition it is occasioned by the
determination of the British government to
send the fleet to Constantinople. The step
was unexpected, and it has produced a rather
startling effect, so that pending the decision
as to the attitude to assume Russia may have
deemed it advisable to delay delivery of the
THE POBTE OBJECTS.
LONDON. Feb. 11.The Daily Telegraph
has the following dispatch from Constanti
nople Sunday nignt: "The Porte has re
fused a firman permitting the British fleet to
come to Constantinople, on the ground that
if the Sultan allows it the Russian forces will
probably occupy the city.''
The Pall Mall Gazette says: '*It was
known in all the embassies in London this
morning that the Porte had refused to allow
the British fleet to approach Constantinople.
A cabinet council was hastily summoned this
morning. It is said negotiations are still
pending for obtaining a firman and the whole
British fleet remains in Besika bay pending
the result of the negotiations."
VIENNA. Feb. 11.Austria has applied to
the Porte for a firman allowing the squad
ron to enter the Dardanelles.
THE NEWS IN PARLIAMENT.
LONDON, Feb. 11, 5 p. m.In the House
of Commons this afternoon Sir Stafford
Northcote, chancellor of the exchequer, in
reply to an inquiry of Mr. Forster, said
there is so me delay in the fleet's going up to
Constantinople. The government cannot
enter into details. Negotiations are going
on, but the government has not changed
In the House of Lords this afternoon
Lord Derby, in response to a question
by Lord Granville, said the difficulty rega
ing the entry of the fleet would, he belie
soon be overcome, and that other powers
asked for firmans permitting their vessel- *r-
enter Turkish waters.
LONDON, Feb. 11.A dispatch from Con
stantinople of the 10th says: It is reported
that the Sultan has invited the.'Grand Duke
Nicholas to spend a few days in Constanti
Savfet and Sadyk Pashas will go to Adrian
ople on Tuesday to negotiate a treaty of
peac* with Gens. Ignatieff and Nelidoff, for-
merly ambassador and first secretary of the
Russian embassy at Constantinople respec
LONDON, Feb. 11.In the House of Com
mons this evening the report upon the sup
plementary vote of 600,000 was adopted
without division, as was also the motion that
the money be raised by issue of exchequer
A PEACEABLE WAT.
It is rumored that a telegram has been re
ceived from St Petersburg stating that the
Russians will enter Constantinople in a
GREECE AND TURRET.
PERA. Feb. 11.Italy has replied to the
Porte's note regretting the action of the
Greeks in crossing the frontier and stating
the Italian government would remonstrate at
Athens. Greece proposes her troops shall
continue to occupy the territory in their
possession until the Congress decides all
questions between Greece and Turkey.
ATHENS, Feb. 11.The Chamber, after
hearing the explanations of the ministry for
the withdrawal of troops from Thessah.
passed to order day. This is equivalent to
approval ot the government's action.
LONDOK, Feb. 11.In consequence of an
urgent order received at Chatham dock-yard
from the admirality to-day, the whole force,
numbering four thousand, will begin work
ing ten hours a day to complete the vessels
A Berlin dispatch to the Times says: "Rus
sia has declared her resolve to reannex Bes
sarabia despite Roumania's protest.
A Constantinople correspondent states the
Turkish chamber on Saturday by a large
majority declared the Vefik Effendi's cabinet
A correspondent at Berlin savs the Emper
or William received the presidents of the
Reichstag Sunday, and it is reported he said.
''The situation is indeed serious, but I nev
ertheless still hope that the maintenance of
peace is possible."
1 Sorrif Rerord of Failures and Crimea
CHICVGO. Feb. 11.-An involuntary pe
tition bankruptcy was filed to-day against
D. F. Fast, Henry V. Smith and John
Deaster, all members of the agricultural im
plement firm which failed recently. The
petitioning creditors represent $37,SM)0. The
charge is suspension of payment of com
Samuel L. Brown, general agent, filed a
voluntary petition in bankruptcy to-day.
Preferred debts, $7,600 secured debts.
$118,000, with $38,000 securities unsecured.
$13,000. The assets are only badly encum
beied real estate.
NEW YORK, Feb. 11.A special from
Port Jefferson, L. I., savs the Seatanket
Rubber Company closed its doors this morn
ing. Liabilities not definitely known, but
do not fall below $70,000, and may reach
John C. Cruikshank. former secretary of
the National Trust Company, was arrested
to-day on an indictment charging him with
Chancellor Runyan has issued an order
restraining the International Trust and Sav
ings Company, Jersey City, from doing any
further businesss. The bank has a surplus
of $12,400 over all liabilities, and deposit*
will lie paid in full.
The German Ameircan bank has lost
about one-fourth of it capital, and a reduc
tion from $1,000,000 to $750,000 has been
agreed to by th estock holders.
Mr. Dowd, president of the bank of North
America, states that Turrey. their embezzling
teller, intended to plead guilty, when ar
raigned, as he had conscientious scruples
about putting the county to expense.
Henry Clews was held in nominal bail to
day in the suit of Henry Sheldon & Co., of
Chatauqua county, to recover $6,500 loaned
before the panic of 1873, since which time
Mr. Clews' foimer firm went into bankruptcy,
the plaintiff being among the signers for the
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 11.W. J. Fell and
Joseph E. Taylor, spice dealers, whose sus
pension was announced last week, were to
day held to bail charged with conspiring to
defraud Wm. Clark by false representations.
A Brace of Shootings.
MEMPHIS, Tenn., Feb. 11Tom Rivers,
colored, was shot and fatally wounded last
night in south Memphis by special constable
Tom Cane, who says he arrested Rivers for
stealing a goose and that Rivers tired two
shots at him before he was arrested, and
then attempted to escape.
CINCINNATI, Feb. 11.While Officer Hill,
of the tenth district police, was conveying to
the station house a colored man named Levi
Carpenter, this morning, the latter knocked
the former down and took to his heels. The
officer not succeeding in stopping him by
calls flred at Capenter. the ball passing
through his brain.
Tauc Rioters in. New York.
ALBANY, N. Feb. 11.The governor
to-day received a telegram from Greenwood.
Steuben county, informing him that at the
sale of land for taxes Friday, 200 armed men
appeared for the purpose of intimidating
buyers which they succeeded in doing. The
despatch asked for assistance. The gover
nor responded that the sheriff is the legal
conservator of the peace in Steuben county,
that he ball power to call out citizens to aid
in suppressing riotosu disturbances, and he
must exhaust his powers before the aid of
the State can be invoked.
Death of Hon. Gideon Wells.
HAHTTOHD. Ct., Feb. 11.Hon. Gideon
Wells, ex-secretary of the navy, died this
evening from the effects of a carbuncle
which had confined him to his house for
about two weeks.
ROME, Feb. 11.It stated the cardinals by
a vote of thirty to ten rejected the idea of
reconciliation with Italy.
ALL AKut^D THE GLOBE.
The Ohio Legislature has passed an act
requiring proprietors of hotels and boarding
houses to provide fire escapes within thirty
Hon. Chas. M. Conrad, of New Orleans, in
progression, member of Congress, United
States Senator and secretary of war under
President Fillmore, died yesterday, aged 73.
Tha brig Carrie Winslow, from Monte
vidio, and the ship British America, from
London, were in collision early yesterday
morning, entering New York harbor, and
the former sunk immediately, drowning
Capt. NcCarty and the steward.
A Detrait, Mich., telegram says: The
river at Port Huron is completely blocked
with ice. The blockade extends into Lake
Huron. The people cross on the ice at Gra
tiot. The railway car-ferry effects is cross
ing with difficulty.