Newspaper Page Text
HE VETOED IT.
To Please Goldites.
Congress Acts Quick
And Overrides Hayes.
Glory, Glory, Glory
Good, Good, Good!!
WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.The following is the
full text of the President's message
To the House of Representatives
After very careful consideration of House bill
193, entitled, "An act to authorize the coin
ago of the standaid silver dollar and to
restore its legal tender character," I
feel compelled to return it to the
House of Representatives, in which it
originated with my objections to its passage.
Holding the opinion which I expressed in my
annual message that neither the interests of the
government nor the people of the United States
would be promoted by disparaging silver as one
of the two precious metals which furnish the
coinage of the world, and that legislation which
looks to maintaining the volume of intrinsic
money to as full a measure of both metals as
their relative commercial values will permit,
would be neither unjust nor inexpedient, it
has been my earnest desire to concur
with CongicHS in the adoption of
such measuies to increase the
silver coinage of the country as would not im
pair the obligation of contracts, either public
or private, nor injuriously affect the public
credit. It is only upon conviction that this bill
docs not meet these essential requirements that
I feel it my duty to withhold from it my ap
proval. My present official duty as to this bill
permits only an attention to specific objections
to its passage which bcem to me so important
as to justify ine in asking fiom the wisdom and
duty of Congress that further consideiation of
the bill for which the constitution has in such
The bill provides foi the coinage of silver
dollars of the weight of 4121 grains each, ot
standard silver, to bo legal tender at their
nominal value for all debts and dues, public
and private, except where otherwise expressly
Stipulated in the contracts. It is well known
that the market value of that number of grains
of standard silver during the past ear has been
from ninety to ninety-two cents, as compared
with the standard gold dollar, Thus the silver
dollar, authoiized by this bill, is worth 8
to 10 per cent, less than it purports to be worth
and is made a legal tender for debts contracted
when the law did not recognize such coins as
lawful money. The right to pay duties in sil
ver or in certificates of silver deposits will when
they are issued in sufficient amount
to circulate will put an end to the receipts
of revenue in gold and thus compel the pay
ment of silver for both the principal and inter
ebt of the public debt. $1,143,493,400 dollars
of the bonded debt now outstanding was issued
prior to Februaiy, 1873, when the silver dollar
was unknown in circulation in this country, and
was only a convenient form of silvei bullion
for exportation. $583,440,850 of the funded
debt has been issued since February, 1873,when
gold alone was the coin for which the bonds
were sold, and gold alone was the coin in which
both parties to the contract under
stood that the bonds would be paid.
These bonds enteied into the maikets of the
world. They were paid for in gold, -when sil
ver had greatly depreciated and when
no one would have bought them if it been
understood they would be paid in silver. The
sum of $225,000,000 of these bonds has been
sold during my administration for gold coin,
and the United States received the benefit of
these sales, by a reduction of the rate of inter
est to 4 per cent. During the progress of these
sales a doubt was suggested as to the coin in
which the payment of these bonds would be
made. The public announcement was there
upon authorized that it was not to be anticipated
that any further legislation of Congress, or any
action of any department of the government,
would sanction ortolerate the redemption of the
principal of these bonds, or the payment
of interest thereon in coin of less value than
the coin authorized by law at the time of the
issue of the bonds, being the coin ex
acted by the goyernment in exchange
for the same. In view ot these facts it will be
justly regarded as a grave breach of the public
faith to undertake to pay these bonds, princi
pal and interest, in silver coin, worth in the
market le&s than the coin received foi them.
It iR said that the silver dollar, made a legal
tender by this bill, will, under its operations,
be equivalent in value to the gold dollar. Many
snpporteib of the bill believe this, and would
not justify an attempt to pav debts, either
public or pnvate, in coin of inferior value to
the money of the world.
The capital defect of the bill is that it
contains no provision protecting from its oper
ation pre-existing debts, in case the coinage
which it cieates bhall continue to be of less
value than that which was the solo legal tender
when they were contracted. If it is now pro
posed, for the purpose of taking advantage of the
depreciation of silver in payment of debts, to
coin and make a legal tender a silver dollar of less
commercial value than any dollar,
whether of gold or paper, which is
now lawful money in this country, such
measure, it will be hardly questioned^ will, in
the judgment of mankind, be an act of bad
faith. As to all debts heretofore contracted the
silver dollar should be made a legal tender only
at its market value. The standard of value
should not be changed without consent of both
parties to the contract.
National promises should be kept with un
flinching fidelity. There is no power to compel
a nation to pay its just debts. Its credit de
pends on its honor. The nation, owes what
it had led or allowed its creditors to ex
pect, I cannot approve a Bill which,
in my judgment, authorizes the vio
lation of sacred obligations. The obliga
tion of public faith transcends all question of
piofit or public advantage. Its unquestionable
maintenance is the dictate as well of the high
est expediency as of the most necessary duty
and should ever be carefully guarded by the
Executive, by Congress and" by the people.
It is my firm conviction that if the coun
try is to be benefitted by a silver coinage it
can be done only by the issue of silver dollars
of full value, which will defraud no man. A
currency worth less than it purports to be
worth will in the end defraud not only creditors
but all who are engaged in legitimate business,
and none more assuredly than those who are
dependent on their daily labor for their daily
(Signed) RurHEBFORF B. HAYES,
President of the United States.
Executive Mansion, Feb. 28, 1878.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.Senator Conkling said
that in the course of the debate upon the Pen
sion bill yesterday, one or two Senators alluded
with some surprise to the fact that Coster, ap
pointed a pension agent at New York, had
never been qualified. Coster came this morn
ing and brought with him a bond signed by a
large number of men known to him and other
Senators. It was drawn by the district at
torney and was a copy of the bond under which
Mr. Hillhouse, assistant treasurer at New York,
performed his duties. The obligors owned
property to the value of $500,000. This bond
was perfected the 21st of February and it was
tendered by telegraph, bat objected to on the
ground that the justification should be unin
cumbered real property, not mere property.
Coster had not been able to conform to the re
quirement which, as far as Coster knew, had
never been made in the case of any other
The House bill, to authorize the construction
of abridge across the Missouri river at Glasgow,
was reported favorably and placed on the cal
A substitute was presented for the Senate
bill authorizing the Arkansas river transfer
railway company to construct a bridge across
the Arkansas river, near Little Rock. Placed
on the calendar.
Senator Whyte submitted a resolution direct
ing the secretary of the navy to transmit to the
Senate copies of all letters, documents and
statements in writing relating to the conduct
of the navigation officer of the United States
steamer Huron at the time of her loss, other
than those in proceedings of the naval court of
Senator Beck moved to make the resolution
submitted by bim the 21st of January, in rela
tion to the inexpediency of levying taxes at
this time for maintaining the sinking fund, the
special order for Tuesday next, after the morn
ing hour. Rejected by a rising vote, yeas 27,
nays 19 two-thirds not voting in the affirma
Senator Beck then gave notice he would call
it up Tuesday next for discussion, and hoped
to have a vote on it then.
Senator Chaffee, from the committee on Ter
ritories, reported with an amendment the Sen
ate bill to establish the Territory of Lincoln
and provide a temporary government therefor.
Placed on the calendar.
It was ordered that when the Senate adjourn
to-day it be to meet Monday next.
Senator Davis, of West Virginia, called up
the report of the secretary of war in answer to
the resolution of the Senate in regard to the
militia organization of the various States. Re
Senator Edmunds, from the committee on
judiciary, reported favorably on the House bill
changing the times for holding court for the
district of West Virginia. Placed on the calen
The resolution of Senator Plumb, submitted
a few days ago, directing the secretary of the
interior to inquire of the government directors
ot the Union Pacific railroad company as to the
nature of the securities taken or held by that
company for aid granted by it to the Colorado
Central and other roads, was agreed to.
Senator Paddock introduced a bill to provide
foi the construction of a bridge across the Mis
souri river at Decatur, Nebraska. Referred.
The House bill to authorize a special term of
the circuit court of the United States for the
southern district of Mississippi, to be held at
Scranton, Jackson county, was taken up and
discussed at length.
Senator Eustis submitted an amendment pro
viding for a special term of the circuit court of
the United States for the district of Louisiana,
to be held in St. Charles parish, that State, on
the second Monday of April next, for the trial
of cases growing out of the action of the gov
ernment in seizing timber.
During the discussion news was received in
the Senate that the House of Representatives
was voting on the passage of the silver bill,
notwithstanding the objections of the Presi
Senator Allison immediately entered a motion
to reconsider the vote by which the Senate
agreed to adjourn over until Monday. Subse
quently Senator Edmunds moved to adjturn.
The motion was rejected by arising vote yeas
43, nayb 35.
A motion for an executive session was also
At 3:10 p. m. a message was received from
the House of Representatives announcing that
body had passed a bill authorizing the coinage
of a standard silver dollar and to restore its
legal tendr character, aotwithstanding the ob
jections of the Piesident thereto.
Senator Eustis held the flooi and was speak
ing upon the bill in regard to holding court in
Mississippi, and the silver bill was laid on the
table for the present. After Borne further dis
cussion, at the request of Senator Lamar, Sen
ator Eustis withdrew his amendment to the
bill under consideration.
Senator Blaine said the secretary of the in
tenoi had been adopting a line of policy in re
gard to timber lands without due notice,
harshly and without regard to individual rights
in various parts of the country, which had
called forth a great deal of public criticism,
and this policy had been bo oppressive that the
persons injured had sought a remedy. He
knew something as to what the secretary of the
interior had done in another part of the coun
try The delegate from Montana, a gentleman
in whom he had every confidence, had furnished
him with facts ab to the harsh policy of the
secretary of the interioi in regard to timber
land in that territory.
Senator Edmunds asked if the senator had
made inquiry about the Montana case at the
Senator Blaine replied in the negative.
Senator EdmundsThen the senator only has
one side of the case.
Senator BlaineThe interior depaitment
does not wish senators and representatives to
Senator Edmunds said the Senator from
Maine (Blaine) had shown his fairness towards
the secretary of the interior by informing the
Senate that he favored the bill because of the
action of the secretary of the interior in some
other part of the country.
Pending the discussion, Senator Conkling
said he observed that this bill was likely to be
discussed at some length, and he ventured to
bring the attention of the Senator from Iowa
(Allison), yvho had been in charge of the bill
yvhen it yvas before the Senate, to the fact that
the silver bill was upon the table. He did not
call attention to it for the purpose of submit
ting any motion himself, but for the purpose of
hearing from the Senator who had charge of the
bill some suggestion as to yvhen the majority of
the Senate proposed to take action upon it.
Senator Allison said he understood the friends
of the bill were ready to proceed yvith its con
sideration at any moment.
Senator ConklingThey are -always ready.
Continuing his remark he said he hoped the
pending bill in regard to holding court in Mis
sissippi would be laid aside at this hour. As a
matter of convenience Senators should know
whether it yvas the disposition of the Senate to
take final action on the silver bill to-day or not.
He hoped the Senator from Iowa would move to
postpone the pending and all prior ordeis and
proceed to consider the silver bill.
Senator Lamar opposed postponement of the
Senator Hamlin said he was of the opinion
that it was of vastly more importance to dis
pose of the silver bill than to proceed with con
sideration of the pending bill. For the purpose
of testing the sense of the Senate he moved
that the pending bill be laid on the table.
Agreed to yeas 44, nays 9.
The president temporeThe chair lays be
fore the Senate the bill to authorize the coinage
of the standard silver dollar and to restore its
legal tender character, which has been sent to
the Senate by the House of Representatives
with the objections of the President of the
Senator Edmunds objected to the President
pro tempore laying the bill before the Senate at
this time and said under the rules House bills
could be laid before the senate only during the
morning hour. He read the 8th rule, which
provides that after the journal is read the pre
siding officer shall lay before the Senate mes
sages from the President, reports and commu
nications from heads of departments and other
communications addressed to the Senate and
such bills, joint resolutions and other messages
from the House of Representatives as may re
main upon his table from any previous day's
session undisposed of. He next read the 9th
rule, which provides that immediately upon
the expiration of the morning hour the presid
ing officer shall lay before the Senate the un
finished business at its last adjournment, which
shall take precedence of special orders and
shall be proceeded with until disposed of by
the Senate. Senator Edmunds said he made
the objection in order that there might be time
for the Senate to consider the message.
Senator Hamlin said the rules read by the
Senator applied to the action of the chair in the
morning hour and had no reference to the ac
tion of that officer after that hour, It was
r-C-^f^ &*** ^^^^^*a*'te^^
within the power of the Senate to take such ac
tion on any bill as it might designate by a ma
jority. The Senator from Iowa (Allison) had a
right to move to postpone the pending and all
prior orders and proceed to consideration of
the silver bill.
President, pro tent, Ferry, overruled the ob
jection of Senator Edmunds, and said the 8th
rule prescribed what should be laid before the
Senate during the morning hour, but it did not
preclude the chair from laying bills before the
Senate after the morning hour, and the prac
tice had been to do so.
Senator EdmundsBy unanimous consent
Senator Allison moved to postpone the pend
ing and all prior orders and proceed to consider
the silver bill.
Senator Whyte objected, under the 55th rule,
which provides that every bill and joint reso
lution introduced on leave or reported from a
committee, and all bills and joint resolutions
received from the House of Representatives and
all reports of committees shall be printed un
less for the dispatch of the business of the
Senate such printing may be dispensed with.
The President pro tempore, overruled the ob
The motion of Senator Allison was then
agreed to, without a roll call.
The President pro tempore, announced to oc
cupants of the galleries and others that any de
monstration of approval or disapproval would
be promptly punished, and thejSergeant-at-arms
was directed to arrest offenders.
Chief clerk McDonald then began to read the
silver bill, but before he concluded Senator
Coakling interrupted, and said he ventured to
suggest that it was needless to read a bill which
had been repeatedly read in the Senate.
Senator Sargent objected to dispensing with
reading the bill, and said he was in the other
house of Congress at the time when it was
charged that a bill had been passed without
readingthe demonetizing act of 1873and
there had been a good deal said about it since.
The reading of the bill was then completed,
after which the veto message of the President
Senator Whyte moved that the bill and mes
sage be printed and laid on the table. Reject
ed without a roll call.
The President pro temporeShall the bill be
A SenatorNotwithstanding the objections
of the President.
The President pro temporeThe chair uses
the words of the constitution.
The clerk then proceeded to call the roll, and
the bill gas passed over the veto, yeas 46, nays
19, as follows:
Allison, Grover. Merriman,
Bailey, Harris, Morgan,
Beck Hereford, Paddock,
Brace, Hill, Patterson,
Clutffee, Howe, Plumb,
Cockerel, Ingalls, Saulsbury,
Coke, Johnston, Saunders,
Conover, Jones, Fla., Spencer,
Davis, 111. Jones, Nev., Teller,
Davis, W. Va. Kellogg, Thurman,
Dennis. Kirkwood, Voorhees,
Lorscy, McCreery, Wallace,
Eustis, McDonald, Windom,
Ferry, McMillan, Withers 16.
Hamlin, Hoar, Keman,
Randolph, Polling, Sargent,
As it requhed a two-thirds yote to pass the
bill, the pairs to be equal were two advocates
of the measure yvith one opponent, and they
were announced as follows: Oiflcsby and Ran
som, who would have voted in the affirmative,
with Anthony who would haye voted in the
negative Canteton of Wis., and Bo !h, who
would have voted in the affirmative, yvith
Barntide, who would have voted in the nega
tive Coiwroit of Pa., and Armstiorg, who
would have voteJ 1,1 the affirmative, with
Edmvnds who would have voted in the nega
tive Christian! and ha, ou yvere absent.
When the name of Hill yvas called he said: I
do not know the rul of the Senate, but 1
yvould like to make a brief statement. Several
The Prebident pi lem.Objection is made.
Senator HallThen I vote aye.
Senator Edmunds said, being obliged to
leave the city in a day or two, he had arranged
for a pair on the bill, but different from the
one announced. The master of pairs, his
friend from Iowa (Allison), had arranged it
differently, had he (Edmunds), knovra that the
vote would be taken on this bill to-day, he
would not have agreed to pair because he
thought, out of respect to the President, the
message should be laid over till to-morrow.
The President pro tern in announcing the
vote, said two-thirds of the Senate having voted
in its favor the bill is passed and has become a
Senator Allison withdrew his motion to re
consider the vote by which the Senate agreed
to adjourn over until Monday.
A motion to adjourn and another to go into,
executive session were both rejected and the
Senate resumed consideration of the bill to au
thorize a special term of the circuit court of
the United StateR in the district of Mississippi,
and it was passed notwithstanding the adveise
report of the judiciary committee, yeas 30, nays
15, and the Senate adjourned until Monday.
House of Representatives.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.Mr. Whitthorne,
chairman of the naval committee, reported
back the bill requiring estimates for appropri
ations needed by the navy department, to be
made in detail. He explained that the object
of the bill was to prevent an appropriation
made for a special object being used for other
purposes. Under the present custom of bulk
ing the estimates, great abuses might and did
occur in the matter of transferring the appro
priations. The bill then passed.
Mr. Willis, (N. Y.) from the same committee,
reported back the bill authorizing and equip
ping an expedition to the Arctic Sea. It pro
vides for the establishment of a temporary col
ony, and appiopriate3 $50,000 for the necessary
expenses of the expedition. Referred to the
committee of the whole.
Mr. Hanna, from the same committee, report
ed back the bill for rerelief of Nat. C. McKay.
Ordered printed, and recommitted.
A message was received from the President,
announcing that he had vetoed the silver bill.
Mr. Stephens moved to proceed to the busi
ness on the Speaker's table, for the purpose of
taking up the veto message.
The speaker said the motion was unnecessary
as it was the duty of the chair to present it.
The Speaker thereupon, having first seen that
order yvas restored and observed, laid the mes
sage before the House. The message having
been lead, in the midst of profound silence,
the Speaker stated that the question was, "Will
the House, on reconsideration, pass the bill
Mr. StephensOn that I move the previous
question. [Clapping of hands and other demon
strations of approval among members.]
The previous question was seconded and the
main question ordered.
Mr. StephensI propose that by general con
sent every memper shall be permitted to have
printed in the Be-ord such remarks as he may
desire to make on this subject.
Mr. BanksI object.
Mr. TPottAs this message is not to pe print
ed I ask that it be read again. [Shouts of "No!
No!" from friends of the bill.]
The SpeakerDoes the gentleman desire to
have the message printed
Mr. FortI do not. 7.
The SpeakerIt goes into the Record.
Mr. FortI mean to say, as it has'not been
printed for our consideration, it should be read
again before the vote is taken. 1^.
Mr. Cox, of New YorkI object to having
the message read again. It is a charge of fraud
by a fraud.
Mr. McCookI call my colleague to order,
and ask that his words be taken down at the
clerk's desk. /Shouts of "Down! Down!"
ST. PAUL, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 1, 1878.
'Order Order!" from the Democratic side of
the House.] I demand that they be taken
down and read.
Mr. CoxI simply said that the message was
a charge of fraud by a fraud.
Mr. McCookThat was very improper
language to be used in presence of this House.
Mr. CoxIt was a true expression of the
Mr. McCookI insist upon the question, of
The SpeakerThe chair thinks that the gen
tleman (Cox) was not entitled to make any re
marks at alL
Mr. McCookBut he did make them.
The 8peakerThe roll call has been com
menced, and must be proceeded with.
Mr. McCookI ask for the ruling of the chair
on the words used.
The SpeakerThe chair thinks that the
language of the gentleman from New York was
out of order. He had no right to use it. The
reporters were not bound to take it down at all
as part of the Conyresnional Becord.
Mr. McCookThat is all I askthat it shall
not go in the Becord. I thought it a singular
expression for the gentleman to use.
The SpeakerThe chair did not recognize the
gentleman to make the remark.
Mr. McCookDoes it go into the Bvcordt
The SpeakerThe chair thinks it should not
go into the Becord.
Mr. McCookVery well, sir5,
The vote was then taken and resulted, yeas
196, nays 73. The last three votes were cast by
Messrs. Bragg, Cook, and Kelly, all of whom
had been absent from the House by illness, but
come up in time to record their votes, which
they did in the affirmative. The following is
the vote in detail:
Bicon, Frye, O'Neill,
Bagley, Garfield, Overton.
Baker, N. Y. Gibson, Potter,
Ballou, Hale, Poteen.,
Banks, Hardenburg, Pugh,
Beebe, Harmer, Beed,
Bisbee, Hams, Mass., Bice, Mass.,
Blmr, Hart, Bobinson, Mass.
Bliss, Hendee, Ross,
Brigrjs, Hewitt, N. Y. Schleicher,
Cain, Hiscock, Sinmekson,
Camp, Hungcrford, Smith, Pa.,
Campbell, James, Starin,
Chittenden, Jones, N. H., Stenger,
Claflm, Joyce, Stevxirt,
Covert, Keteham, Veeder,
Crapo, Lopham. Ward,
Davis, Cal., Lindsay, Warner,
Itenison, Lockwood, Watson,
Dwight, Lormg, Williams, Mich.
Eames, McCook, Williams, N. Y.
Eickhoff, Morse, Williams, Del.,
Ellsworth, Muller, Willis, N. Y.,
Field, Xoreross, Wood,78.
Bell, Benedict, Becknell,
Blount, Beone, Bouck, Boyd,
Bright, Brof/den, Browne,
Foster, Franklin, Fuller,
Giddings, Glover, Goode,
Jfazelton, Henderson, Henry, Heyvitt, Ala.
Caldwell, Tenn. Hubbell,
Kclley, Kenna, Knapp, Knott, Landers, Lathrop,
Manning, Marsh. Mayham,
Money, Monroe, Morgan,
Pound, Price, Pridemore,
Randolph, Rea, Reagan,
Sampson, Sapp, Sayler,
tSn-alls, Smith, (Ga.,)
Welch, White, (Pa.,)
Chalmers, Clarke (Ky.,)
Clymer, Cobb, C)le,
Cook, Cox, Ohio,
Cravens, Crittenden, Culberson, Cttttimm/
Davidson, Davis (N.C.,)
Debrell, Dickey, Lunnell,
Elam, Ellis, Errelt,
The Speaker announced the vote and said:
"In obedience to the requirement of the con
stitution, two-thirds have voted in the affirma
tive and the bill has passed, the objections of
the President to the contrary notwithstand
The announcement was received with general
hand clapping and other marks of jubilation.
The bill and veto message were thereupon
sent to the Senate.
The House then went into committee of the
whole, Mr. Eden in the chair, and resumed con
sideration of the bill to pension Boldiers of the
Mexican and Indian ware, and after speeches
by Williams of Alabama, Williams of Oregon,
Ryan, White and Riddle, the committee pro
ceeded to consider the bill by sections.
During a speech made by Mr. Singleton he
sent to the clerk's desk and had read a letter
from Jefferson Davis requesting him (Single
ton) to inform the friends of the bill that if
the success of the bill depended on excluding
him (Davis) from its benefits he hoped that
such provision would be inserted in it. Mr.
Singleton proceeded to eulogize Davis, declar
ing that this was but another proof of his great
magnanimity and explained that that gentle
man had been in favor of delaying as long as
possible the act of secession passed by Missis
sippi in hopes of reconciliation with the
The committee then rose and the House ad
A Democratic caucus was announced to be
The suspension of John J. Adams & Co.,
wholesale grocers, New Orleans, is announced.
Their liabilities are said to be about a million
and a half.
Hon. J. C. New, ex-United States Treasurer
and president of the First National bank,
Indianapolis, has sold his interest in that insti
tution to yt. H. Morrison, president of the
Indiana Banking Company. Mr. New retires
from the management of the bank.
Both branches of the Kentucky Legislature
yesterday adopted resolutions instructing the
Congressmen of that State to support and aid
in every possible way the Texas Pacific railway
bill. Kentucky is strongly in favor of the bill,
and the Legislature has only carried out the
desire of the people.
The emigration now pouring into Kansas is
without apanllel in the history of the West
Overl,200 immigrante arrived in Atchison
yesterday, destined for interior Kansas.
Wafis,Pereival& Co. London bankers have
failed. Liabilities 650,000. The failure is
attributed to heavy losses by had debts.
According to the express company's reports
at San Francisco, 811,000 trade dollars were
shipped East daring February, of which
364,000 went during the last half the month
HATES SEXDS A SPECIAL AGENT TO
To Hunt for Negroes Kidnapped and En
Slaved and to Visit the Cuban Insurgents
Sherman All Ready to Begin Coining
WASHTNGTON, Feb. 28.Several weeks ago the
President received a letter from a reliable
source, stating that the writer was in posses
sion of facts capable of direct proofs, to the ef
fect that colored men, citizens of Florida, had
been kidnapped and transported across the Gulf
of Mexico to Cuba and sold into slavery. The
writer says members of families of some of the
enslaved citizens had received inteligence from
Cuba, from their relatives, stating that they
were held in bondage there, and the matter was
communicated to the chief Executive of the
United States for such action in the premises
as might be deemed best calculated to vindicate
American dignity, in view of a proceedure so
grossly in violation of the civilzation of the
times. The contents of the letter occasioned
much surprise to the President. With
to ascerSining'Trle trufft'grtmrTttatenient, -rm- -T^ejisj^tp^ejnspectorof hin ward.
concluded to dispatch a confidential agent to
Cuba for that purpose. Su n agent was
found in Judge Leonard, a Repub
lican member from Louisiana, in the
House of Representatives, a gentleman discreet
and courteous, and familiar with the Spaiysh
language. It was thought advisable to pursue
this direct course instead of making the subject
a basis of diplomatic correspondence. Judge
Leonard, a few dajs ago, obtained indefinite
leave of absence from the House, and left New
York for Havana on the steamship Columbus,
on Wednesday last, carrying with him a letter
from President Hayes to the Captain General,
and also from Senor Mantilla, the Spanish
minister, addressed to the same officer, to
whom'Judge Leonard yvill make known the
objects of his mission. It is not doubted that
the Captain General will afford him facility for
the accomplishment of his mission, besides ex
tending his own investigations in the same
Another object of the mission is to ascertain
the true condition of the insurgents, the official
accounts and those from insurrectionary sources
being contradictory. While one represents a
decline of the insurrection the other asserts the
contrary, and agents have been here in behalf
of the insurgent Cubans, with a view to recog
nition of their independence by the United
States. The captain-general will doubtless ex
tend to Judge Leonard the necessary facilities
for visiting the insurrectionary district, as
Spain uniformly shows a disposition to pre
serve and strengthen friendly relations be
tween the United States and Spain, yvhich have
never been more amicable than they are
Should it be found true that negroes arc kid
napped in Florida or any other Southern State
and conveyed to Cuba and sold into slavery-,
immediate measuies will be adopted to prevent
all such future outrages on persons and viola
tions of international law.
The objects of the mission are not publicly
known, care having been taken to conceal
them, but the above statement is confirmed in
quarteis which leaves no room for doubt.
The Texas Pacific Bill.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.The House committee
on Pacific railroads to-day unanimously au
thorized Representative House to report the
Texas Pacifir railroad Dill, at the next call of
committees for reports, bubject, however, to
any action that may be taken in the meantime
by the committee, in changing or perfecting its
provisions, and reserving the right also for a
minority report to be made at the same time.
The practical effect of the order thus made, is
to insure the subject being brought before the
House at the earliest opportunity, though, in
the meanwhile, the committee will continue its
'consideration, and a formal vote upon the
question of adopting the sub-committee's fa
vorable report will not be taken until at least
one other meeting shall be held. The full
committee adjourned until to-rnorrow.
Mr. Sherman All Ready.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.The secretary of the
treasury has already prepared the necessary ar
rangements tor immediate execution of the
law providing for the coinage of silver dollars,
so that there will be no delay yvhatever in its
operation. The secretary has prepared a form
of silver certificate ard approved the device
for the new silver dollar which was submitted
to him by the director of the mint. The de
partment is therefore prepared to begin yvith
out delay the administration of the new law.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.The total of internal
revenue rectipts for the month shoyv a decrease
of $1,485,227, ab compared with the correspond
ing month of latt year.
The following is a statement of the opera
tions of the national bank Redemption Agency
for the month, and the eight months ending this
day, as compared with the corresponding period
National bank notes disposed ofnotes fit for
circulation, assorted and returned to banks of
issuemonth, $1,124,644 8 months, $1,033,722.
Notes unfit for circulation, assorted and de
livered to the comptroller of currency for
destruction and replacement with new nates
month, $37,315 8 months, $319,862. Notes of
failed, liquidating and reducing banks deposits
in the treasurymonth, $6,081 8 months,
$7,210,750. Totals for 1878month, $15,586,000
8 months, $142,569,150. Totals for 1877
month, $18,976,200 8 months, $147,378,000.
Decrease -month, $3,390,200 8 months, $4,808.-
WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.Representative Wil
son, of West Virginia, has been authorized by
the House committee on foreign affairs to re
port adversely on the petition in behalf of the
American Colonization society for an appropria
tion of fifty thousand dollars to be expended
in making a preliminary survey by army and
civil engineers from Liberia eastward two
thousand miles into the Niger valley.
Immediately after the adjournment of the
House this afternoon the Democratic members
held a caucus and discussed the question of
appointing an expert for each of the seven in
vestigating committees, and without coming to
a conclusion adjourned. A meeting will be
held to-morrow afternoon, when the subject
will be resumed and consideration given to Gen.
Banning's army pay bill.
Senator Gordon has written to various cities
and boards of trade which were moving to send
him to Europe as a commissioner from the
South, that the probable length of the present
session of Congress will prevent him from go
The Surrey county, North Carolina, tobacco
cases, which have been pending before the
bureau of internal revenue, were compromised
to-day on terms agreeable to Commissioner
Raum. A Missouri Vendetta Wound up by Lynch
ST. LOTUS, Feb. 28.A report comes from
Maiden, Mo., that Robinson, one of the princi
^pals in the late vendetta there, has disappeared.
It is understood that he has been lynched. The
tranble which led to the shooting grew out
of an old family feud. Three McMullen
brothers, Robison and Sam. Harris were playing
cards, John Numlee was lying down in the
saloon, and one of the McMullens remarked
that Numlee was going to be
whipped before they left town. Numlee
then attempted to leave when Frank McMullen
assaulted him. He fired, killing Frank and
then ran and got a shot gun with which he
killed Win. McMullen and wounded Harris.
After that Num'ee was shot down by Rob'fton
and the surviving MeMnllen. A'posse pursued
and captured Robinson and he was held under
arrest until the affray was investigated and
then disappeared. It is known he did not es
cape. EDUCATIONAL AFFAIRS.
OF HA FIXG
A Meeting of Board of Education Last
Night-The High School Breeds More
Bad BloodThe Lie Direct Given to a
Member of the Legislate Delegation
The regular monthly meeting of the board of
education yvas held last night. The roll being
called, the following gentlemen answered to
their names: Messrs. Schafer, Manson, Kerr,
Sweeney, Thompson, Withey, Benz, Hagan and
the president, Dr. Murphy.
A communication was read from Mr. Fair
child, offering a plat of land for a site for a
new high school. Ordered laid on the table.
Mr. Parker's tender for supplying desks was
also laid on the table.
A petition asking that K. Cavaneau be em
ployed as janitor, when a vacancy occurs, was
SupennendenV"BSmngton submitted -his
monthlyreport which showed thye enrollmenet
to he 3,245 average dail attendanc
2989. From the report it was evident that
most of the schools were overcrowded, and an
increase of school accommodation cannot long
be delayed in some of the districtsthe Jeffer
son school, for instance, has 633 names on the
books. The report yvas adopted.
Mr. Burrington said that Miss Tice had been
acting as principal in the Sixth ward in the ab
sence, through sickness of the principal, and
the board had consented to donate $25 to her
as compensation for extra work for the two
monthshe had omitted this in his pav roll.
Mi. Benz said that he had heard that there
was a great deal of dissatisfaction expressed in
the sixth ward among the parents. He thought
if the principal was not going to return shortly,
it would be better to appoint a properly quali
fied principal to the schools.
Mr. Barrington baid they were the best man
aged schools in the city.
Several of the board expressed their opinion
that the rumor of dissatisfaction arose from
the desire of interested parties who were anxi
ous to get the appointment for a gentleman
residing in the ward.
A discussion then was entered into upon the
High school bill prepared and committed to the
delegation to introduce into the Legislature.
Dr. Murphy stated that Mr. Gilfillan would
not present the bill unless a proviso yvas attached
submitting it to the vote of the people, and he
had stated the boaid had taken it out of his
Messrs. Benz, Murphy and Kerr said they had
not withdrawn the bill.
Mr. Sweeney said that he thought it the dutv
of the delegation to present the ,bill as it came
from the board, and let the Legislature do with
it as they pleased.
Mr. Kerr said with all due respect to the
members of the Legislature if anv one of them
said the bill was withdrawn he lied.
Mr. Berry moved that the committee on leg
islation instruct the delegates to present the
Mr. SrhafferNot instruct, but request
humbly pray. The motion yvas carried.
The committee on Sixth ward school reported
recommending the purchase of the Wheeler
lot 200x150, block 16, West St. Paul proper,
for $1,200, for a site for a new school house.
The committee by a unanimous vote (Mr.
Thompson having withdrawn,) empowered the
committee on property to make the purchase.
Mr. Kerr asked for a raise of salary for Miss
Newson. She was eminently successful with
the grade (seventh) to which she had been ap
pointed after the signal failure of another
teacher. Her salary was raised to $50.
Dr. Murphy reported that janitors were now
commissioned as special police and badges
would be issued for them. Other cities had
followed this example. The usual bills yvere
passed and the board adjourned.
For the Month of Februaiy, 1878, St. Paul,
3.. 4.. 5.. 6
30.204 27.7 ,65.0 N
,30.404,21.7178.7 N E
130.168 '20.5 '69.7 E
129.549 37.0 69.0 S E
29.576 37.5,79.7 S
29.751 35.2 72.3 NW
129.892 27.0 73.3 N
129.966 22.5 i67.7'N
'29.966 10.7 65.7 ,N W
'29.680 28.7 66.0'8
129.761 '27.2 74.3 IN
29.850129.5 74.0 E
(29.874 32.0176.6 8 E
29.831 J30.5 89.3 N
J30.108130.5 74.0 N E
0 0 0 0
10 I I"
16" 17" 18" 19"
20.. 129.689 '37.7 ,76.7 I
24.. ,33.7,71.7 ,N
26..'30.250 35.2'69.3 S E
27.. .29.887 141.2169.3 8
28.. 29.843'184.108.40.206 E
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 S E
129.68 9 S37. 7 ,76. 7 ,,N N
129.672 36.2 75.0 N
29.859 36.2'60.2 NW
6 0 0 0
Highest barometer, 30.482 on the 2d.
Loyvest barometer, 29.348 on the 19th.
Monthly range, 1.134.
Highest temperature, 55 deg. on the 28th.
Lowest temperature, 3 deg. on the 3d.
Monthly range, 52 deg.
Prevailing direction of wind,,north.
Greatest velocity of wind, 26 miles per hour
on the 11th from the southeast.
Total number of miles, 4,685.
Tocal rainfall and melted snow, 0.67 inches.
Number of clear days, 6.
Number of cloudy days, 12.
Number of fair days, 10.
Number of days on which rain or snow fell, 6.
Mean of r aximum temperatures, 39.6.
Mean of minimum temperatures, 23.5.
Greatest daily range of temperature, 32 deg.
on the 2d.
Amount of unmelted snow I3 ing on the ground
at the end of the month, none.
The following table shows the mean tempera
ture of the month of February for the last five
years: February 1874 14.4
R. J. LEWIS,
Sergeant Signal Service, U. S. A.
ALL AKUUJtfD THE GLOBE.
At Gloucester, Mass., it is thought the fish
ing schooner Carrie P. Mortrew is lost with her
crew of three men.
Gapt. 6. Sprague's house at Port Elgin, N. B..
burned last night and a son of the captain per
ished in the flames.
At Butlersville, Indiana, Wednesday night,
Fell's store and residence, a furniture factory,
and the Odd-Fellows1
hall were burned, Loss
stated to be upward of $40,000.
An explosion of gas yesterday morning, in
the Preston mines, near Pottsvilie, Pa., killed
Wm. M. Williams, inside boss, and seriously
wounded John Mahony, a miner.
The Virginia House of Delegates to-day sus
tained the Governor's veto of the Barbour out
bilL The vote stood for passing the bill not
withstanding the veto, 71 against it, 42not
two-thirds in the affirmative.
HE WAS CLOUDS
GATHERIXQ OVER THE
Continued British Preparation, for Armed
Interference, While theBnsslans Show No
Disposition to Lessen their Demand or
Change their Plans.
LONDON, Feb. 28.-The Tunes says: The
present vacillation of Austria is more danger
ous to peace than the clear and resolute ex
pression of a military purpose.
VIENNA, Feb. 28.Negotiations are proceed
ing between Russia and Servia, the object of
which is to allow Russia to occupy Belgrade if
the conflict with Austria should become inevit
BUSMA'S LOTTJE GAMK.
LONDON, Feb. 28.A correspondent at Pera
jsays: Russia will make a great pretense of
eagerly defending the conditions before the
powers, but will finally yield enough to satisfy
them, and then arrange a programme for a
Russian protectionate over Turkey in Europe
and Asia, according to the terms of their secret
LONDON, Feb. 28.A Vienna correspondent
states that the Russian concessions touching
the limits and length of occupation of Bul
garia are quite sufficient, with the present ten
dency of the Austrian government, to restore
confidence. Austria is content for the moment
and looks to the conference for the rest.
Another correspondent writes: The extension
of the principality of Bulgaria to the Aegean
sea would practically mean the securing of a
naval station for Russia just as the grant of a
port to Montenegro would mean a Russian na
val station in the Adriatic.
Still another telegraphs: The position ap
pears extremely critical, notwithstanding the
tranquilizing utterances in ministerial papers.
The conference is regarded in Austrian govern
ment circles as adjourned sine die.
A Berlin dispatch says the conference has en
PERA, Feb. 28.The Russian and Turku*
lines at San Stcfano are Beperated by a little
river, Kara 811. The Russian and Turkish sen
tries stand at either end of abridge one hun
dred feet long. Officers and men of the two
armies fraternize in a remarkable manner.
Raouf Pasha, minister of war, has thanked the
Grand Duke Nicholas for the excellence of his
arrangements. Crowds of visitors and petty
traders from Constantinople are seen in the
Rusbian cam]) daily.
THE TERMS OF PEACE.
LONDON, Feb. 28.In the House of Commons
to-night Sir Stafford Northcote replying to a
question, stated that the government was still
uninformed of the fanal terms of peace, but if
they injuriously affected British interests the
government would take the proper course to
protect those interests. This declaration was
received with loud cheers.
A Constantinople dispatch dated to-day savs
the greater part of the Russian con
ditions have been accepted by the
Porte. It is expected the treaty will
be signed next Tuesday. Delay was
caused by the Turks objecting to the inclusion
of Salomca and Debajatch in Bulgaria. A ru
mor pointing to the possibility of a rupture
of negotiations appears to be unfounded,
although the question relative to the Turkish
fleet is unsettled.
LONDON, March 1.The Press Association
says: Considerable uneasiness prevails relative
to the negotiations now proceeding between
the European powers and Russia. The oppo
sition leaders in Parliament have determined
nrt to embarrass the government while the
present cntical position lasts. They have been
informed that it is desirable in the interests of
peace to avoid a definite ministerial statement.
Russia is anxious to erect a fort on the Bos
phorus, and it is rumored that England, Aus
tria and Italy have informed Prince Gortscha
koff that they would regard persistence in this
determination as a casus belli.
GOING FOR OCR SAMOA.
LONDON, March 1.A Berlin special an
nounces that Herr Camphausen, the Prussian
minister of finance, has definitively tendered
The Standard says: We understand Sir
Arthur Gordon, governor of the Fiji Islands,
has been ordered to proceed to the Samoan
Islands, in consequence of a recent request of
the Samoan authorities for British protection.
The morning papers abound in details of
warlike preparations. Some militia colonels
haye been warned that their regiments may be
required for permanent duty. The military
will be armed with Henry rifles, immediately
A Vienna dispatch states that Mohammetan
owners of Bosnia have sent a deputation to Vi
enna asking for annexation to Austria.
The St. Petersburg Gohjs calls for the occu
pation of the Dardanelles by Rnssia.
The Gazette de St. Prtersburgh considers im
mediate war with England preferable to con
LONDON, March 1.A Vienna correspondent
confirms the report that reassuring communi
cations have been received from St. Peters
burgh, and negotiations have taken a better
Rumors of a large concentration of Russians
on the Transj lvanian frontier prove unfounded!
A Belgrade correspondent hears from a diplo
matic source that in consequence of possible
complications with Austria, Russia has prom
ised Servia a much larger cession of territory
than has been mentioned in the peace condi
tions, at the same time requesting Servia to
keep her militia of the second class underarms
atad call out the third class.
Russia announces that she would occupy Bel
grade in the eyent of hostilities with Austria.
The Servian government is quite at a loss how
to decide, and is waiting the return of Prince
Milan to Belgrade.
A correspondent at Berlin says It is per
sistently believed that Austria will eventually
co-operate v*ith Russia in the occupation of
A special from Rome states that Signor
Crispi, president of the chamber of deputies,
has questioned the council of state as to
whether the government has a right to modify
the law of papal guarantees.
MORE VIENNA GOSSIP.
LONDON, March 1.The Times Rtates that
committees have been appointed to insure an
hospitable reception for the American bishora
attending the Pan-Anglican synod.
A correspondent at Vienna says: I learn
that the Russians are still bent upon entering
Constantinople, with or without the Porte's
consent, and that England has informed Prince
Gortschakoff that if the latter course is pur
sued the British ambassador will be ordered
to quit St. Petersburg.
The chances of Austria's going to war are
smaller than ever. The government can only
count upon a majority of two for the vote of
credit in the delegation. It would not be sur
prising if the idea was abondoned at the last
AT ST. PETEBSBUBG.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 1.The nomination
of Lord Napier, of Magdala, to the chief com
mand is producing great excitement here.
It is believed the treaty of peace will be
signed SaturdaVt which is the anniversary of
the Czar's accession.
Lincoln Territory Demonstration.
DEADWNOD, D. T., Feb. 28.A monster macs
meeting was held at the Miners' Union hall in
Lead City, to-night, in favor of the Lincoln
Territory bill now in Congress. A. procession
headed by a band of music and a wagon earn
ing speakers, flags, banners and emblems, made
a grand round through Deadwood, Gayville
Central City, Golden City and Lead City The
names of Saunders, Spencer and other members
who had championed the new Territory' bill,
were received with hearty adplause.