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IX WHICH THE ENTIRE PEOPLE
Attack ou the Timber Culture Act In the
Senate, with a Proposition for It Repeal-
Lively Debate In Keference to Timber
Depredations, in which Blaine is Hand
somely ScoredMajority and Minority
Report in Case of Doorkeeper Polk, Ma
jority Recomme nd in jy 1B DismissalIn
competency, Not Dishonesty, His Fault
Curtailment of LT.
S. Marshal-,' Salaries.
Hayes Expressing Satisfaction at Recent
Events in Louisiana and South Carolina
Sherman Expresses His Views on Silver
a nd ResumptionMiscellaneous.
WASHINGTON, March 19.Senator Matthews
aid he was directed by a majority of the com
mittee on railroads to report back the two Sen
ate bills in regard to the Texas Pacific railroad,
one introduced by Senator Johnson on the 10th
of December, the other by Senator Dorsey on
the 11th of Decembei, with a substitute, and
to recommend its passage. Placed on the cal
He also reported back from the same com
mittee, the Senate bill authorizing the South
ern Pacific company to extend its railroad
from its present terminus in Aii/ona
to a point on the Rio Grande, near El
Paso and aiding in building the same, without
amendment and without recommendation.
Placed on the calendar.
The House bill to authorize the granting of
an American register to a foreign built ship for
the purposes of Woodruff's scientific expedi
tion around the world, was passed to-day as it
came from the House* of Representatives.
Mr. Blaine, by request, introduced a bill for
the better protection of acting plays and dia
matic literature. Referred.
Senator Eustis reported a bill to authorize
the Barrataria ship canal company to construct
and operate a ship canal from New Oilcans to
the gulf of Mexico through the lands and
waters of the United States, and to grant to
said company the right or way for that pur
The committee reported back the petition of
the citizens of Pennsylvania who formerly
served in the army, asking an appropriation to
encourage rifle practice in the army and navy,
and uniformed militia ot the country, and the
committee was discharged fioni luither con
Senator Davis, Illinois, fiom the committee
on judiciary, reported favorabl) on Hoube bill
to amend section 540, chapter 1, title 13, re
vised btatutes ot the United States, in relation
to the judicial districts of Missouri. Placed on
Senator Burnside intioduced a bill for the re
lief of Maj. Jacob A. Burbank, United States,
Senator Matthews fc-ubmitted a resolution
directing the attorney general to report to the
Senate, whether the lands and rights
granted by the United States to the
State of Indiana by the act of May 6th,
1874, to authorize the State of Indiana to open
a canal through public lands to connect navi
ation of the river Wabash and Miami with
iake Erie, have, according to the terms of said
act, reverted to the United States, and if o,
what action, on the part of the United States
legislative or otherwise, is necessary and proper
to enable it to obtain possession thereof?
The Senate bill to amend bection 2464 of the
revised statutes relating to the cultivation of
timber on the public domain, was taken up and
discussed, at length. Dmvng the discussion
Senater Ingalls said the timber culture act
had failed in every particular to meet the ex
pectations of its advocates. Instead of being
beneficial it had been injurious. The whole
thing had been a systematic failuie and fraud,
as the people often claimed land after planting
a few switches not as large as a gooseberry
bubh. Just before the bill was laid aside, Sen
ator Beck entered a motion to repeal the whole
of section 2464 of the re\ ised statutes, known
as the timber culture act.
The Vice President laid befoie the Senate a
communication from the secretary of war oall
ing attention to the fact that the appiopriation
for printing for that department would soon
be exhausted, and asking an additional appro
priation of $2,500 for printing during the re
mainder of the current fiscal year. Referred.
Senator Paddock called up the Senate bill
which was discussed yesterday, authorizing
the secretary of the interior to make ceitam
negotiations with the Ute Indians in the State
of Colorado and the amendment submitted by
Senator Edmunds yestciday, providing that
the proceedings under the act should be report
ed to the Senate only instead of the two houses
of Congress, was rejected. The bill was then
read a third time and passed.
The morning hour having expired, consider
ation of the Pacific railroad sinking fund bill
was resumed, and Senator Morgan urged that
Congress had power to alter, amend, or repeal
the Pacific railroad acts. If Congress had no
Buch power, then it would requhe but a few
more gigantic corporations to be created to ab
borb all the powers of Congiess, leave the gov
ernment stranded, and the people at the mercy
of these corporations. He argued that if Con
gress had the power to make corporations, it
had the power to unmake them. Branch roads
had been built by these roads. They had
millions in their treasuries, and thejpeople of
the country were crushed with taxation to pay
the interest on their debt.
Senator Mitchell then took the floov, but
Baid he would prefer to go on with his remarks
to-morrow, with the understanding it should
be the unfinished businebs to-morrow, and the
Senate took up House bill authorizing the sec
retary of the tieasury to employ temporary
clerks and making an appropriation for the
same, Also, making appropriations for de
tecting trespass on the public lands and for
bringing into the market public lands in cer
tain States, and for other purposes.
The committee on appropriations submitted
an amendment to strike out the clause author
izing the secretary of the treasury to employ
temporary clerks the words "not exceeding
20 also that limiting their compensation to
$2 per day each, and the appropriation there
for to $6,500, so as to allow the secretaiy of the
treasury to employ clerks without mentioning
the number, and appropriating therefor $20,-
000 instead of $6,500. Agreed to.
Another amendment, appropriating $700 for
the care of horses and wagons for the treabury
department, was agreed to.
The committee on appropriations reported
the following amendments:
And Provided farther, that where wood and
timber lands in the territories of the United
States are not surveyed and offered for sale in
proper subdivisions, convenient of access, no
money herein appropriated shall be used to
collect any charge for wood or timber cut on
public lands in the Territories of the United
States, for the use of actual settlers in the
Territories, and not for export.
Senator Beck moved to amend the last line
of the amendment, so as to read "not for sale
or export," and in support of his amendment,
that men should not be allowed to go on pub
lic lands and make timber an article of mer
chandise. He favored limiting the cutting of
wood for actual use only.
Senator Dawes opposed the amendment of
the committee on appropriations, and argued
that every means should be taken to prevent
people trom plundering the public lands of
Senator Teller said there were no wood-rings
in Colorado, and he (Teller) did not hesitate to
declare it, the secretary of the interior to the
contrary, notwithstanding. If Senators who
opposed these matters presented for the ben
efit of the West, would take the trouble to in
form themselves of the actual state of things
in that section, they would not talk so much
about thieving and robbery.
After Home further disoussion, Senator Beck
modified his amendment so as to provide that
no money of the amount appropriated shall be
used to collect any charge for wood or timber
cut on public lands in territories of the United
States, for the use of actual settlers in the ter
ritories, and not for export from the territory
where the timber grows.
Senator Blaine said be would accept that
amendment* He was glad that the pending
amendment precisely and literally formulated
the issue that had grown upon this
question. A labored attempt had been made to
impress the country with the belief that in this
Senate chamber the timberthieves of the coun
try found defenders and apologists, and under
this a cloud of misrepresentation of the real is
sue which he raised against the secretary of the
interior, was sought to be obscured. lam for
prosecuting the timber thief and I am for pro
tecting the settler, and this amendment, if it
prevails, will force the secretary of the interior
to do the same. The amendment only guar
antees to the settler in the territory, pre
cisely what he had enjoyed from the foundation
of the government, what the early settlers in
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin,
Alabama, Mississippi and Arkansas had all in
turn enjoyed, and that privilege was simply
only that until timber lands were surveyed and
offered for sale in the Territories, the actual
pettlers might cut timber for their own use and
not for export.
Senator Eustis said he would vote against
any appropriation to pay special agents of the
department of the interior who were engaged
in the business of discovering and prosecuting
persons who were charged with trespassing
on public lands. These agents, instead of be
ing rewarded as suggested by the secretary,
should be dismissed with disgrace from the
service. The property of people of Louisiana
was seized, and in less than twenty-four hours
the owners were reduced to beggary and starva
tion. The people absolutely know nothing of
the proceedings ordered by the department of
the interior, which were of a disputed charac
ter, and the seizures were made on informal
Senator Dawes argued if the legal proceed
ings were irregular the judge who issued the
writs was responsible, and not the agent of the
interior department. He was glad this discus
sion had taken place. It would teach the sec
retary of the interior that it was his duty to
enquire into the conduct of his special agents,
charged with delicate dutqas. It would teach
him that this was a government of law, not of
Senator Christiancy argued that the course
pursued in Louisiana had no bearing
whatever on the course pursued in
Montana. It was not to be expected the se
cretary of the interior could have a personal
knowledge of every act of tho timber agents.
The Senate would not have heard all those
chaiges to-daj, had it not been that there was
more feeling against the secretary of the in
tenor then for the poor settlers.
Senator Sargent said when Western Senators
got up here and asked for the people of the
West privileges which had been enjoyed by the
people of Massachussetts, Vermont and other
States, they were sneered at, and their wants
measured by some county of Massachussetts.
This provincialism he was opposed to.
It was unworthy of debate like
this. Western Senators were not to be turned
trom their convictions in this matter by sneers
and statements that they desired to attack the
secretary of the interior. No one thought of
attacking the secretary of the interior until
the people of the territories were dragged be
fore the courts, their property seized, and
themselves charged with being thieves and
plundereis. The policy of the present
secretary of the interior was contrary
to the whole policy of the government
in regard to timber lands. He (Sargent)
would go as far as any man to protect surveyed
lands and punish men for stealing wood there
from. The action of the secretary of the in
terior was caused by a desire to gain a cheap
reputation as a reformer. A considerate secre
tary, instead of turning the interior depart
ment into a huckster shop to peddle out wood,
would have called the attention of Congress to
the matter and asked for remedial legislation.
Senator Dawes said the remarks of the Sena
tor from California (Sargent) were as much
uncalled for by the debate as they were by
good breeding, and his allusions to Massa
Senator SaigentWill you please quote any
thing I said against Massachusetts? I deny
that I said anything.
Senator Dawes1 have the floor, and will not
Senator SargentI ielded to the Senator
from Massachusets frequently. I see his good
breeding does not correspond.
Senator DawesThe Senator's memory is as
bad as his manners. Continuing his remarks,
Senator Dawes said thousands of cords of wood
were cut from public lands in territories and
ready for market and it was that plunder the
secretary of the inteiior sought to stop, no
mattor how much he might be denounced for
being over zealous.
Senator Sargent said the Senator from Massa
chusetts in his original speech spoke of the peo
ple of the territories as thieves and plunderers.
Did the Senator think that remark consistent
with good breeding. He thought he was entit
led to an apology from the Senator for ques
tioning his remarks.
Senator Dawes explained his remarks, and
said he had no disposition to indulge in any re
marks offensive to the Senator from California.
He did not mean to speak of the people of the
territories as plunderers, but he did mean to
say that those who were taking property trom
public domain were plundering it.
Senator Hoar argued that it was a bad thing
for either branch of Congress to undertake to
condemn a public officer for doing his
duty, neglect of which would have been
liable to impeachment. The secretary of the
interior in the very first report he ever made to
Congress, called attention at length to this very
subject of timber depredations. Mr. Hoar here
quoted from the annual report of the secretary
of the interior, sent to Congress in December
last, and resuming his remarks, said Congress
had over and over again refused to modify or
change the timber depredation act, and now
charges were being made against a sworn pub
lic officer for enforcing a law to protect public
Senator Matthews said it had been the prac
tice of the executive officers of the government
to punish those trespassing upon public lands
for firewood or any other purposes, and he
challenged the Senator from Maine (Blaine) to
point to any statute authorizing settlers to cut
firewood from public lands.
Senator Blaine asked if it was a proper policy
to charge one dollar a cord stumpage.
Senator Matthews said it was not, but it was
the policy of the law, not the polioy of the
secretary of the interior.
Senator Blaine challenged Senator Matthews
to point to an instance where settlers had been
Senator IngallsI can do it.
Senator BlaineWell let us hear it.
Senator Ingalls then quoted from the instruc
tions of J. M. Edmunds, commissioner general
of the land office in 1864, issued to public land
officers, to punish timber depredations, which
instructions were submitted to the Senate with
the report of the secretary of the interior for
In reply to a question of Senator Blaine,
Senator Ingalls stated the report showed that
since the 1st of January, 1856, the sum of
$199,998 had been placed into the treasury on
account of timber depredations. He was not
assailing or advocating the policy of the secre
tary of the interior, but he believed in giving
the devil his dues, no matter whether it be the
secretary of the interior or any one else. The
Senator from Maine, Blaine, reminded him
(Ingalls) of the snake in Hudibras, that "wired
in and wired out."
Senator Christiancy asked if everything was
paid into the treasury on account of timber
depredations under the late order of the secre
tary of the interior.
Senator Blaine said yes, about $5,000 had
been wrung out of the people of Montana. Re
plying to the argument of Senator Dawes in
regard to plundering, he spoke of that portion
thereof as a hole through which the Senators
Senator DawesIf the Senator thinks any
body can beat him in dodging from hole to
hole, in this debate, he very muoh mistakes tho
The debate was continued at length by Sena
tors Blaine, Hoar, Dawes, and Sargent. Pend
ing discussion the Vice-President laid before
the Senate the military academy appropriation
bill with a message from the House of Repre
sentatives disagreeing to various amendments
of the Senate to the bill. On motion of Sena
tor Windom, the Senate insisted upon its
amendments, and a committee of conference
House of Representatives.
WASHINGTON, March 19.Mr. Phillips gave
the bill in relation to postal savings, he will
offer as a substitute the bill favorably consid
ered by the commitee on banking and currency
on the same subject.
Mr. Harrison, chairman of the committee on
civil service reform, submitted a majority re
port of that committee in the matter of the
charges against Doorkeeper Polk. I declares
Polk to be unfit for the responsibilities of the
position, and recommends the adoption of a res
olution declaring the office of doorkeeper va
cant, and devolving its duties on the sergeant-at
arms until the appointment of a new door
keeper. The minority report, signed by Cook,
Cravens, Garth and Henry, declares that no
corruption having been proven or even charged
against Col. Polk, it would be a grievous wrong
to adopt the majority resolution. The reports
were ordered printed and recommitted and Mr.
Harrison gave notice that he would not call the
matter up before Saturday.
Mr. O'Neil presented a remonstrance of
printers, electrotypers, stereotypers, book
sellers, engravers and others against the action
of the committee on ways and means in not
imposing a duty on imported stereotype and
electrotype printing plates. Referred.
Mr. Durham from tbe committee on expen
ditures in the department of justice, reported
back the bill, fixing the compensation of jurors
in United States courts, reducing it from $3
to $2. Passed.
Also, the bill fixing the fees of the clerks of
said courts. It allows a charge of ten cents,
for searching court records for liens on real es
state and provides tbe clerks shall account for
Also, tbe bill fixing the compensation of
United States marshals and deputies. It lim
its that of marshals to $5,000, the chief depu
utics to $2,500, other deputies $5 per day.
Mr. Singleton reported a bill regulating ad
vertisement for mail lettings, but pending ac
tion the morning hour expired.
Mr. Smith, Pa., from the committee on ap
propriations, reported the bill making appro
priation for the payment of invalid and other
pensions. Referred to the committee of the
Mr. Durham, from the same committee, re
ported back the West Point academy bill,
recommending concurrence in some of the
Senate amendments, and non-concurrenoe in
others. One amendment, in which concurrence is
recommended, was that of depriving the Presi
dent of the power of appointing ten cadets a
year, and allowing but ten during his term.
Mr. O'Neil believed it would be better to
non-concur in the Senate amendments, and to
leave the power in the President to make ten
appointments at large annually, Whether law
or custom had established the right, for many
years, youths, whose career in the army had
been distinguished, had entered West Point by
Presidential appointments at large, and the act
of March 2, 1867, affirmed the power of annual
Mr. Potter also opposed it. The House bad
provided that when there was no place in tho
army for cadets graduating from the academy,
they should retire into private life. The Sen
ate had disregarded that action of the House,
and had sent back an amendment which takes
away from the President the power of appoint
ing annually ten cadets to the academy. He
hoped the amendment would be sent to the
The House then agreed to the report of the
committee on appropriations.
Mr. Hewitt, of New York, offered a resolution
calling on the attorney general for information
as to whether foreclosure proceedings are now
pending against government property, and the
present condition of the same. Also, as to the
extent of the government interest affected or
liable to be affected by such proceedings, and
what steps have been taken to protect Buch in
The following bills were introduced and re
By Mr.Blackburn-Forthe better protection of
plays and dramatic literature. It provides that
a copyright law shall cover all plays purchased
from a foreign author for the purpose of play
ing or publishing in the United States.
By Mr. SpringerTo authorize the coinage of
gold and silver on the same terms- and to pro
mote the deposit thereof.
The House then went into committee of the
whole, Mr. Hunton in the chair, on the general
deficiency bill. The total sum recommended
by the bill is $1,386,465. Without any general
debate the clerk proceeded to read the bill by
The clause appropiiating $75,000 for construct
ing, repairing, enlarging and renting vaults and
safes for the use of the treasurer and assistant
treasurers of the United States, presented
ground for the inquiry by Mr. Hanna whether
these vaults were for the purpose of hoarding
up the silver coin lately authorized. If so, he
was opposed to it, because he wanted to see sil
ver put in circulation instead of being hoard
To this, reply was made by Mr. Chittenden,
defending the course of the treasury in not
paying out silver com for debts of the govern
ment. The secretary could not properly act
otherwise, because silver was receivable for
customs duties, and was now within one-six
teenth of one per cent, of the value of gold
To this Mr. Hanna leplied by quoting against
Mr. Chittenden a speech made by that gentle
man characterizing silver dollars as a chipped
dollar. If silver was worth gold by within 1-16
of 1 per cent., he would like to know where the
poor man had been robbed.
Nr. Townsend, of New York, threw in the re
mark that nobody cared for the poor man half
as much as was pretended.
Mr. Chittenden defended himself from the
imputation of inconsistency on the subject of
silver. The facts were beginning to be devel
oped and the government would find the silver
bill would bring them results which they had
Mr. Young offered an amendment appropria
ting $25,000 for continuing the survey of the
Mississippi river, for the purpose of reclaiming
alluvial lands of the Mississippi delta.
Mr. Baker, of Indian, opposed the amend
ment, and argued that this was only the en
tering wedge which would open tho doors of
the treasury to a gigantic raid.
Mr. Young said it would be very unwise for
Congress to stop this survey now. It had been
going on for years, and if it were not now con
tinued all the work which had been done would
be wasted. The amendment was rejected.
Mr. Aldiich moved to increase the amount
appropriated for the continuance of the build
ing of the custom house and sub-treasury at
Chicago, from $100,000 to $200,000.
After a speech in opposition, by Mr. Blount,
the amendment was withdrawn. Without
finishing the bill, the committee arose, and
the Senate bill, appointing General Sherman,
as regent of the Smithsonian institution, was
taken up and passed, and the House adjourned.
The Case of Doorkeeper 1'olh.
notice that when the House begins to consider Col. Polk has not been guilty of corruption in
WASHINGTON, March 19.The committee on
reform in the civil service to-day made a report
on the charges against Doorkeeper Po Ik, in
which they say OoL Polk does nor deny lhe ma
jor part of the findings in the report, but in
extenuation he pleads the necessities of his
department, his rawness in the position, the
clamors of needy applicants and past custom.
The committee believe that with a proper
handling the lawful force under the doorkeeper
has been quite sufficient, and think it was his
duty to find out as early as practicable whether
or not it was sufficient, and in
any event not to add to it until author
ized to do so by a resolution of the House,
but no rawness in office, and no custom can be
set up in defence of a palpable violation of
known laws, and the utter disregard of legal
restraints shown by Colonel Polk. His open
violation of the known law, to say nothing of
his inefficiency, as shown throughout his tes
timony, renders him, in the opinion of the
committee, unfit for the responsible and delicate
position of doorkeeper. The committee, there
fore, offered a resolution recommending
that the position of doorkeeper be
declared vacant, and that until the appoint
ment of a new doorkeeper the duties of the of
fioe be devolved upon the sergeant-at-arms.
The report is signed by Representative Harri
son, the chairman for the committee. Those
who, with him, constitute the majority, are
Representatives Cox, of Ohio, James, Pugh and
Sexton, Republicans, and Potter and Morgan,
Representatives Cook, Cravens, Garth and
Henry, Democrats, join a minority report saying
ST. PAUL, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 20, 1878.
office, or guilty of malfeasance, other than the
employment of persons in excess of the num
ber required by law, and that they are unable
to find from the evidence that he is interested
in claims and bills before the House
for action. The evidence disclosed numerous
mistakes by the doorkeeper, especially in the
earlier part of his services, arising from his
inexperience and a desire to comply
with the' demands and supposed
necessities of the House and its committes.
and a belief on his part that his paramount
duty was to perform and cause to be performed
such services as were to his mind apparently
necessary, trusting to supposed precedents for
appropriations to pay such force as he might
employ for such purpose. They unqualifiedly
dissent from the resolution of the majority, be
cause the committee was not so authorized to
so report by resolution, and for the manifest
inconsistency of trying an officer on the charge
of corruption, and finding him guilty, and
recommending removal for incompetency.
Louisiana and South Carolina.
WASHINGTON, March 19.The general condi
tion of affairs in the South, with particular
reference to the decision of the supreme court
of Louisiana in releasing Anderson and the ac
tion of Governor Hampton in bringing the
militia forces of South Carolina to the assist
ance of the government in its efforts to enforce
the revenue laws in that State, was the subject
of discussion at the cabinet meeting to-day,
and expressions of satisfaction therewith were
made by the PjtiBident and cabinet officers. The
President did not hesitate to say that the
particular events noted should be regarded
as an indication of a proper state of feeling in
the South. The cabinet was also engaged with
the consideration of various appointments.
The list of government directors of the Pacific
railway have been agreed upon. The session
was brief. Secretary Evarts remained for a
long time in consultation with the President,
after other members of the government re
tired. Secretary Sherman informed the cabi
net of his appearance before a committee on
John Sherman on Finance.
WASHINGTON, March 19.The Senate commit
tee on finance to-day heard Secretary Sherman
in opposition to the House bill which proposed
to repeal the specie resumption act.
The questions discussed related to the prac
ticability of specie payments and the effect of
the silver bill on resumption, and whether the
bill asBistedor retarded resumption, the amount
of gold and silver in the treasury
and in the country, and in cognate
questions. The members made inquiries
and the secretary replied, taking the
ground that the remonetization of silver
was an^id to resumption. The silver bill did
some good and some harm. One way in which
it was haimful was in the return of bonds from
abroad, but it promised good by increasing for
eign confidence in our bonds by reason of the
fact that our own people took them up in largo
quantities. He was strongly opposed to the
repeal of the resumption act. He stated that
the resumption of specie payments could not
be permanently maintained without retaining
the legal tender function for about $300,000,-
000 of United States notes. In other words,
that the legal tender notes, after reaching par,
should be paid out again for government dis
Elective Franchise in Utah.
WASHINGTON, March 19.The House commit
tee on territories to-day agreed to report to the
House with favorable recommendation, Rep
resentative LuttrelTs bill to regulate elections
and the elective franchise in Utah. The bill
provides that after its passage every male citi
zen of the United States of the age of twenty
one and upwards who shall have resided in
the territory for six months next preceding any
election and ten days in the ward, township or
other election precint in which said person
shall offer to vote, and no other person, what
ever, shall be entitled to exercise the elective
franchise in the territory. The bill disfran
chises women, who now have access to the polls
Compromising with Violators of the Law.
WASHINGTON, March 19.The commissioner
of internal revenue has compromised nineteen
important tobacco cases in Surry county, North
Carolina, in which the parties offending the
revenue laws were arrested several months ago.
The cases have been pending in the courts, and
now the commissioner has agreed to compro
mise, on condition that accused shall plead
guilty to a violation of the revenue laws, and
sentence 'will be suspended during good be
havior. If the law is violated, sentence shall
be passed. In addition to this, parties under
indictment are required to pay $12,000 taxes
assessed to the government. The action ef the
commissioner is concurred in by the attorney
general, from whom authority for effecting the
compromise is derived.
Reserve Fund of National Banks.
WASHINGTON, March 19.The House commit
tee on banking and currency to-day authorized
Mr. Hardenberg to report for passage the fol
lowing bill, which is the measure introduced
by bim recently with certain amendments:
A bill regulating the reserve fund of national
JSe it enacted, etc., That it shall be lawful for
any association organized under the provisions
of the national banking act to sell or dispose of
legal tender notes which they are now required
to hold as a reserve fund for deposits, and to
invest the same in bonds of the United States,
bearing interest at not more than four percent,
per annum, and such bonds shall be treated at
par, as the reserve fund of said associations as
now required by law.
The Pacific Railroads.
WASHINGTON, March 19.The Senate railroad
committee was ready not only to recommend
favorably a report upon the Texas Pacific, but
also to order an adverse report on the Southern
Pacific bill. The friends of the latter agreed to
make no further opposition in committee to
favorable action on the Texas Pacific
measure, provided the Southern Pacific bills
should be placed on the Senate calendar with
out an accompanying adverse report. The bill
recommended for passage is almost a copy of
the measure adopted by the majority of the
WSHINGTON, March 19.The committee on
ways and means continued the revision of the
tariff bill and changed malt to 20 cents per
bushel of 34 pounds.
The House judiciary committee to-day au
thorized the chairman, Knott, to prepare and
report to the House a bill repealing the bank
rupt law, to take effect as to involuntary pro
ceedings immediately after its passrge, and as
to voluntary proceedings, from and after July
Subscriptions to-day to the four per cent,
bonds, $1,012,000. Total subscriptions to date,
It was the understanding of the Senate
finance committee and Secretary Sherman, that
nothing concerning the statements of the sec
retary, and the conversation between him and
the commissioner, on the subject of finances
to-day, should find its way to the press except
in an authentic form. The report of what
took place having been written out, the secre
tary revised his statement at a late hour to
night, and an arrangement has been made by
the committee to furnish it in printed form to
the press to-morrow.
The pension bill reported to-day, proposes to
abolish the present eighteen pension agencies,
effecting a saving to the government of about
I appears from an official statement by
Treasurer Gilfillan, of the 12th inst., that the
amount of gold bullion bars then in the treas
ury was 8336,771, which is exclusive of the
amount held by the mints and assay offices.
Gold certificates have never been issued for
gold bullion deposited, though authority for
such issue is given in the revised statutes.
WOBCESTEB, Maes., March 19.W. H.
Morse, banker, make an assignment to-day.
BROUGHT FROM EUROPE BY
The Congress Still the Subject of Discussion
England Busily Engaged In Efforts to
Win the Support of the Powers, and Rus
sia In Defeating Her AimsReported
Abandonment of the Visit to Constantino
ple by the Grand DukeRussia Increas
ing It Railroad Facilities for Reaching
BulgariaArmy Movement of Servia in
Protest of the Peace Boundaries.
ALL TBS TBEATY.
LONDON, March 19.A leading article in
the Times, after considering the terrible con
sequences that would follow a great war, and
the terrible responsibility on the power
which brings it on, concludes as follows:
"Nevertheless England most adhere to this
demand that the entire treaty of San Stefano
must be submitted to the congress. The al
ternative plan suggested by Russia would
raise the previous question on every
clause of the treaty, except those
which Russia "TK&T own accord
brought before the Congress. Bat
far more important issues than the interests
of any power are at stake. We take our
stand on the existing treaty. The one hope
of statesmen, for the future peace of the
world, must be founded upon the develop
ment of a system of public law upon the
maintenance and increase of the authority of
treaties. #If the public law of
Europe be valid, until formally
repealed, any new arrangement between
Russia and Turkey falls ipso facto by its
very nature. Within the scope of the treat
ies of 1856 and 1871, it is not in the power
of Russia, and it is not even within the com
petence of the congress, to decide whether
or not certain clauses of the new treaty fall
within the cognizance of the signatories of
the old treaty, it is bound to take the new
instrument into consideration as a whole."
TUBKISH GUABANTEED LOAN.
LONDON, March 19.In the House of
Commons this afternoon, Sir Stafford North
cote, chancellor of the exchequer, stated that
the February dividend on the Turkish guar
anteed loan was paid by England. The
amount was 77,448. A portion of the divi
dend should come from the Egyptian trib
ute, but this has not been paid. The khedive
had promised to forward part of it imme
diately. England had taken steps to obtain
half of the 77,448 from France, which was
the joint guarantor.
MOBE BAILBOAD FACILITIES.
LONDON, March 19.A special from Berlin
says the Russians are constructing a railway
from Bourgas to Jamboli. As Jamboli is
connected with Adrianople by rail, the new
line will enable the Russians to send troops
from Odessa direct to Central and Southern
Bulgaria and the Aegean sea.
The governmental paper, the North Ger
man Gazette, adverting to certain articles in
the English press, ridicules the rumor at
tributing to Germany an- intention to annex
BIGHTS OF THE POWEBS BECOGNIZED.
ST. PETEBSBUBG, March 19.The Agence
Musse says, as the text itself of the treaty will
be communicated to the powers, and as Rus
sia recognizes each of the powers' liberty of
action at the congress in regard to the pro
posals, motions and opinions, it would seem
there was no longer any object in the for
mality required by England about submit
ting all the conditions to congress. The
preliminary commission, which is to assem
ble at Berlin, is only to settle the formula of
VDJNNA, March 19.The Hungarian dele
gation has unanimously adopted the vote of
credit for sixty million florins.
DISTRESS IN SEBYIA.
BELGBADE, March 19.The distress in
Servia continues and 5,000 wagons have
gone to Wranja and Perot to bring provis
ions. The increase of the rinderpest
hinders transportation. It is officially Btated
Servia will not recognize the Russo-Turkish
terms of peace until they are confirmed by
the congress. The state of siege continues,
and arms are still arriving.
NAPLES, March 19.Gen. Grant, wife and
son arrived last evening in the United States
steamer Vandalia, which will return to
ANDBASST. TALKS AGAIN.
Count Andrassy, addressing the Hungarian
delegation to-day, said, as Russia promised
that she would communicate the whole terms
of peace to the powers before the meeting of
congress, every government would have
an opportunity of stating what
points it considered of a Eu
ropean character. He said Prince Bis
marck would scarcely nave undertaken to
preside over the Congress, if it was merely
intended to register the peace conditions.
The relations between Austria and Germany
were, and would remain most frank and cor
dial. The policy of Austro-Hungary was the
maintenance of peace. Up to the present,
it had been hoped and believed possible to
reconcile accomplished facts with European
law and the interests of other countries.
LONDON, March 20.A Constantinople dis
patch says, it is not believed the Czar granted
any modifications when he ratified the treaty.
The council of ministers to-day maintained
its objections to the embarkation of Russians
at Buyukdere, but the Porte has promised to
grant all facilities for their embarkation at
San Stefano and Rodosto.
Sulieman Pasha has arrived in Constanti
nople in custody.
LoNDON^tarch 20.It is rumored among
Catholics in England that the Pope will
shortly make Rev. Dr. John Newman a car
dinal. A special from Pesth states the Aus-
troHungarian government has ordered a
suspension of work on five Russian torpedo
boats commenced near Vienna, pending an
BTJSSIA NOT DISPOSED.
VIENNA, March 19.A letter to the Politi
cal Correspondence from St. Petersburg,
states that Russia is not disposed to comply
with the imperative orders given to her by
England before the opening of congress.
England's course would only render a meet
ing of congress nugatory.
LONDON, March 20.A St. Petersburg
correspondent has reason to believe the Czar
did not, as the Turks hoped, remit a portion
of the indemnity when he ratified the treaty.
Well informed people there discredit the re
ports of a secret defensive and offensive
treaty between Russia and Turkey. They
point out that Russia is the only power
which is interested in preventing the further
dismemberment of Turkey, and the Turks
if they comprehend their own interests, will
act with her without a treaty.
A Pera dispatch says it is reported that
the Russians, in consequence of the Porte's
objection, have relinquished their intention
of going to Buyukdere.
A special from Corfu reports a movement
in favor of the erection of Albania into a
principality under the protection of Italy,
has been commenced at Berat. The Turks
arrested the ringleader.
MOBS GUESS WOBK.
PABIS, March 19.It is stated Russia now
proposes to read the whole treaty to the con
gress, leaving it the right to select articles
for discussion. It is believed England will
refuse this compromise and Russia will
LONDON, March 20.A Berlin dispatch
says, typhus is raging in nearly all European
A Paris dispatch states that Duo De Char
tres has visited Comte De Chambord. The
Legitimists regard this as a re-affirmation of
the fusion of the two branches.
CUBAN PEACE CONDITIONS.
MADBTD, March 20.Prime Minister
Canouas DelCostello, yesterday, informed
the, Cartes, that the cabinet had approved
Cuban peace conditions which were very
LONDON, March 20.A dispatch from
Vienna says the deadlock between Russia
and England is complete. Austria and
Germany are altogether opposed to Eng
land's demand. Austria has been confi
dentially informed of the conditions of
peace, and considers them on the whole
moderate and susceptible of further modi
fications at the congress.
POPE LEO AND THE UNIT* OF ITALY.
LONDON, March 19.A Rome special an
nounces that Count Corti has been invited
to enter Signor Carroli's cabinet as minister
of foreign affairs. He has telegraphed in
reply that he is coming to Rome. It is re
ported Cardinal Franchi has assured a dis
tinguished foreigner that Pope Leo
wished for a strong and united Italy.
He only required from tho government as
surance ef the complete freedom of the holy
see. Temporal power was not a dogma.
THE GBAND DUKE'S VISIT.
CONSTANTINOPLE, March 19.The Grand
Duke Nicholas, to obviate the difficulties
about a military escort passing through the
city, proposes to come on the imperial yacht
Eyrkick. The Sultan would then return the
visit aboard the yacht. Meantime the Porte,
out of consideration for the other powers,
has requested the Grand Duke not to embark
at Buyukdere, where the imperial yact is an
chored. The German ambassador here has
a denial from his agent at Buyukdere of the
statement that two Russian torpedo
boats accompany the yachts. The
vessels are fitted for torpedoes, but none are
aboard. Savfet Pasha has gone to San Ste
fano to inform Mukhtar and Mehemet AH
Pashas that the embarkation of the Russians
at San Stefano is impossible at present, and
must be postponed.
CONSTANTINOPLE, March 19.It is expect
ed Osman Pasha will soon be released by
the Russians and return here.
It is doubtful now whether Grand Doke
Nicholas will visit Constantinople at all.
LONDON, March 19.Sailing ships, tugs
and lighters pass up and down the Danube.
The torpedoes are belayed.
The Servian Shumalia corps has made a
demonstration against the peace conditions
and re-occupied Vrana, declaring it will not
leave it unless forced.
LONDON, March 19.The cotton manufac
turers propose 10 per cent, reduction in
wages and the iron masters 7% per cent.,
instead of from 10 to 15. The miners of
Tamworth have accepted 10 per cent, de
[Special Telegram to THE GLOBE.J
MADISON, Wis., March 19.The Assembly
had an afternoon session, and concurred in
the Senate amendments to the registry law.
The militia law, and the bill appropriating
money to the various orphan asylums at
Milwaukee, Racine, Green Bay, and LaCrosse
In the Senate, bills were concurred in rel
ative to the police court of Eau Claire re
lative to the indebtedness of Racine for im
provement of Eau Claire relative to the
elective franchise defining the liabilities of
railroads as to wages due employes author
izing a dam across the Chippewa river at
the foot of Eagle Rapids authorizing the
Red Wing and Trenton Transit company to
transact business in Wisconsin, and author
izing the same county to erect a bridge
across a slough in the town of Trenton.
A bill for the assessment and collection of
taxes was reported from the committee on
conference with a substitute. Ordered
printed, and made a special order for to
morrow morning at 10:15.
The assembly this afternoon killed the bill
for the better organization of the State mili
The Senate bill relating to the mode of
fencing railroads was concurred in.
Gov. Smith sent to the Senate, as insur
ance commissioner, the name of P. L.
Spooner, Jr., of Madison, which was imme
The assembly passed a bill amending the
revised statutes relating to liens of mechan
NEW YOBK, March 19.Henry S. Willis,
contractor, No. 70 Cedar street, who was in
terested in the Brunswick & Albany railroad,
of Georgia, has been adjudged a bankrupt
on his own petition, with liabilities of $225,-
000, and assets nominally much larger.
Isaac Bear & Son, dealers in toys, 677
Broadway, filed a petition to have the firm
adjudicated bunkrupts. The firm owes
J. S. Cohen & Co., wholesale dealers in
furs, 55 Mercer street, began proceedings in
bankruptcy. The firm proposes to pay thirty
cents on the dollar in one, two and six
months, on liabilities amounting to $180,-
CHICAGO, March 19.Mm. N. Stnrges,
better known as Jack Stnrges, who, as a
member of the board of trade, ran numerous
corners, and who was, by the recent action
of the board, expelled from that body for
running a corner in coin in 1874, filed a vol
untary petition in bankruptcy to-day. Se
cured debts $8,500, with 921,000 securities
unsecured debts 9107,000. Assets, chiefly
HALTFAX, N. S., March 19.The suspen
sion of Almon & Mackintosh, yesterday,
caused great surprise in commercial circles.
Liabilities supposed to amount to half a
Her Majesty LOOM a Defender by Death.
HALIFAX, N. S., March 19.Gen. Sir Wm.
O'Grady Haly, commander-in-chief of her
majesty's forces in North America, died to
ILLUSTRATED IX MILWAUKEE AND
Another Day of the Litchfield Nanghtli
Dr. McDonald Barely Escape* Ttmatins
Down in His Examination, and HlsEvt
denoe Flatly Contradicted hy Other Wit
nesses Lawyer Campbell, of Litchfield,
Makes a Good Impression by Tolling a
Straightforward Story Eshjornaon/a
Blackmail Tale Contradicted In Every
ParticularThe Case Drawing to a Cloao
A Bigamous Wretch in Winona County
Called to AnswerMiscellaneous Crimi
[Special Telegram to Tax QLOBB.]
MILWAUKEE, March 19.In the Hollings
worth abortion trial this morning, the first
witness placed upon the stand was Dr. Seim,
who testified in referenee to the use of chlo
roform, and the length of time required to
put patients under its influence.
one of the defendants, was next examined.
He declared all of Miss Hollingsworth's tes
timony in relation to the alleged abortion, to
be false. He never had examined her in his
life for any cause. Did not see her on the
day she alleged the abortion was committed.
She had lived with his family in Fon da Lac,
and while there was treated for weak eyes.
Found out she was not all right, and made
her leave the house. Esbjornson sent her
money. Miss HoUingsworth asked him to
BECOME A WITNESS AGAINST ESBJOBSSOK.
Said she could get a thousand dollars out
of him, and promised, if he and his wife
would testify as desired, to give them half
of the money. Never told any friends in
Fond du Lac that he was receiving $250 or
$124 for treating Annies eyes. On the
cross examination McDonald became so ex
ceedingly nervous that it was feared he
would break down.
E. A. CAMPBELL, LITCHFIELD, LAWTEB,
was then called by the prosecution. He con
tradicted Annie's statement in regard to eve
ning consultations at his office, and said that
such consultations were held, but at none of
them did any conversation take place such
as Esbjornson had testified to. Neither had
there been any feeling on his part toward
Esbjornson that caused bim to
CABBY A BEVOLVEB,
as claimed. He held a deed on the HoUings
worth property in Litchfield, to cover a re
tainer of one thousand dollars in the suit
pending in Minnesota, but did not deem the
transfer of the property final. Campbell
gave his testimony in a
QUIET, STBAIOHTTOBWABD MANNBB,
denying everything that had been claimed
by Esbjornson and others against him.
James E. Wilson and James T. Green, of
Fond du Lao, testified that McDonald had
pointed Annie out to them as the girl he was
doctoring for sore eyes, for which service ha
was to receive $200. The district attorney
announced that he had summoned
DILLON O'BBDEN AND EX-OONGBESBMAN WIL
to establish the character and reputation of
Lawyer Campbell, but the court thought this
unnecessary and ruled against their intro
duction as witnesses. An adjournment was
then had until to-morrow to await the arriv
al of Annie's sister Rose, Mrs. Herriet, from
Litchfield. With her testimony the case will
rest. The summing up by the legal gentle
men engaged may occupy two days or more.
A HABD CASE IN WINONA OOtJNTT.
[Special Telegram to THE GLOBE,
WINONA, March 19.George Austin, a
farmer living in Utica, this county, was
bound over in the sum of $2,000 to-day, on
the charge of seducing his neice, a young
lady named Rachel Kingsly, in April, 1877.
Austin has for several years past lived in
open bigamy with two sisters as his wife'
by whom he has a family of eight children.
Austin is an old settler of the county. He
will appear before the grand jury next week.
HUTCHINS, Texas, March 19.Train No. 4,
due here at 10:05, was on time but was
robbed by four masked men, the express tak
en, the mail plundered, and Thomas, the
express messenger, wounded. About fifteen
or twenty shots were exchanged. The leader
of the gang was 26 or 27 years of age, about
five feet high, square built, dark complex
ion, and all appeared to be young men. They
made the engineer and fireman, the agent
and a negro who was on the platform, stand
in front of the express car door so the mes
senger could not fire. When leaving, they
took a northeasterly direction, going toward
TENNESSEE MTBCHANT SUICIDES.
NASHVILLE, March 19.A Columbia
special to the American, says, John M.
Larkin, of the firm of J. M. Larkin Co.,
suicided this morning by shooting himself.
The deed was committed in the counting
room, the clerks being at breakfast. Finan
cial embarrassment is supposed to be the
cause. The following note was found in bis
vest pocket: "I do this terrible deed from
remorse. I have been the cause of ruining
a good man and family. God forgive me.
I cannot face the world again." Larkin was
an old and prominent merchant and a high
ly respected citizen.
THE NOOSE WATTING FOB THEM.
WILMINGTON, Del., March 19.The Gov
ernor has refused to interfere in the cases of
Chambers and Collins, colored men, sen
tenced to be hanged on Friday next.
WSCrPLTOTNG COLLEGIATE BOWDHS.
HANOVEB, N. H. March 19.There is renewed
excitement at Dartmouth. This morning
five more arrests were made, all of sopho
mores but one, including two beaten by
freshmen. The pounded senior and sopho
mores are suspended until the end of the
term, but the senior is allowed to graduate
with his class. Of the three freshmen under
arrest the ring leader was some time ago
dropped from the class roll. Another was
to-day expelled, and another separated.
About a dozen other freshmen are suspended
and indefinitely separated. This act of the
faculty does not affect the legal proceed
ings. BOUT, or SUPPOSED MUBDEBO MAX BXOOT-
TOLEDO, O., March 19.The body of a
man, which upon recovery was identified as
that of Samuel Mullett, of Cleveland, was
found in the river to-day. Mullett wan last
seen alive on the 14th of February, in this
city, when he had considerable money on
his person, and as none was found on the
body it is believed he was murdered and the
body thrown into the river,
*i I I