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BY H. P. HAIX.
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matter every day if possible.
Dors the reader understand what a "crib"
14 in connection with the insane asylum?
It is, practically, a coffin. Think of a pa
tient being hold down in a crib, his mouth
forced open with a plnj, the plug thrust
down his throat and hot soup poured down
the victim's throat vhile in this condition.
We are credibly informed that this kind of
treatment of patients at the insane asylum
in St. Peter can bo proven in other cases
than that of the unfortunate McDonald. Let
the investigation proceed.
MORE LIGHT WANTED,
Wc want to know the exact cost to the
Stat^jf the hospital for the insane. We
want to know every figure from the begin
ning to the end. It has been the blood suck
ing leech of the Treasury. A royal palace
has been built. What did it cost
What was the cost of the furni
ture, and china, and rocking chairs, red
lounges, and so on. If this concern is rot
ten, let the people know what the rottenness
There is no longer any doubt but that the
fellow Betts is a brute who should be sent
to the penitentiary. Who secured Betts his
appointment? Who keeps him in it? It
has been long known, that appointments
were the gifts of and out of deference to
certain influences. The committee should
get to the bottom of all this business. The
trustees should be placed on the stand, and
especially the Reverend Kerr, who has built
a church, and administers to the souls
of the insane. The Rev. Kerr needs,
for the benefit of his health and the faithful
discharge of his most sacred office, a change
of circuit, and a change of diet. We trust
that the committee will make a thorough over
hauling, and especially attend to the urgent
necessities of the case of the Rev. Kerr.
AN OUTRAGE AND A CONFESSION.
We cannot recall, in the annals of investi
gations, a more high-handed and outrageous
act than that perpetrated by Dr. Bartlett,
the Superintendent of the Insane Asylum at
St. Peter, on Monday. With an investigat
ing committee in session examining the
grave charges which have been made
against that institution, Dr. Bart
lett, arbitrarily and impudently dis
charged one of the employes at the hospital
because he complained of the coffee.
Let the reader stop a moment and consider
the situation. From the very nature of the
case the investigating committee must large
ly rely upon the evidence of employes. The
mental condition of the inmates incapaci
tates them from being used as witnesses. If
the mouths of employes can be stopped, all
evidence save mere outside gossip relating
to the management, is excluded. The evi
dence develops that the employes who de
nounced the brutal Betts were promptly dis
charged by Dr. Bartlett, while the cruel bar
barian was retained, Witness after witness
swear that they did not make the outrages
public for fear of being discharged. The
threat of a discbarge is held [as a rod in
lerrorems over all the attendants. The
discharge of Knudson on Monday, with
the investigation in progress, was
an infamous act of intimidation, which is
equivalent to a confession of guilt on Dr.
Bartlett's part. It was a formal notice served
upon every employe that they must keep a
silent tongue or speak at their peril. When
other employes complained of Betts, that
fiend in human shape, (if the testimony de
veloped is true), they were promptly dis
charged as a warning that no censure or
criticism would be allowed. It had the de
sired effect, _for the outrages continued, with
no one to make further complaint.
Dr. Bartlett and the Rev. Kerr propose
to rule this public institution with
their autocratic rod of iron, and they lose
no opportunity to display their despotic
power. Bartlett's discharge of Knudson
was an open defiance of the committee, and
was an act which should cost him
his official position if nothing more.
He placed himself in contempt of the State
Senate, and outraged the people of the State,
whose servant he is. We are surprised that
the committee did not resent this defiance on
the spot. Such an act virtually destroys all
further investigation. The sentiment it in
culcates is aptly shown by the card of other
Office, 213 Hennepin avenue, up
ST. PAUL, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 27, 1878.
W E record with pleasure the overwhelming
vote cast yesterday in favor of the Fort
Snelling bridge. It -was practically a vote
that new life and new energy is to be in
fused into St. Paul, and a declaration that
all steps shall hereafter beforward,
SENATOR HOWE'S speech demonstrates that
the Republicans have at last determined to
abandon Mr. Hayes, openly and absolutely.
We shall nowperhapsget more light
upon the fraudulent means resorted to in
stealing the three States in 1870. The
rogues are by the ears.
employes, issued the same day, wherein
the committee is required to examine
the "cupboards," "clothes-rooms,"
fcc These employes, with the warning
before them, think to endear themselves to
the autocratic Bartlett, and entrench them
selves in their positions by showing their
"cupboards" to the committee.
All of this is too transparent. We do not
believe that the investigation has fairly be
gun, so far as developments are concerned.
It is probably impossible to develop one
hundredth part of the infamously brutal
conduct and financial extravagance and dis
honesty in connection with this
institution, but enough yet re
mains that can be reached which will
cause the developments already made to ap
The committe we fear, made an error in
adjourning to July. This matter ought to
be incessantly followed up until these Au
gean stables are cleaned and a decent degree
of humanity secured for the blighted minds
who are now wholly at the mercy of inhuman
monsters like Betts.
HOWE AGAINST MATES.
How pleasant it is for brethren to dwell to
gether in unity. It may be like unto the oil
than ran down Aaron's beard, but it can not
be like unto Howe and Hayes. Howe, im
mortal be that name, has, after a year of
weary waiting, opened his eyes
on the momentous faet, that
Hayes is not his most reliable
friend and brother. He has realized that
the great fraud he himself helped to perpe
trate, and to damn American history with, is
a fraud, after all.
Howe has just cause of complaint against
Hayes. No one can dispute it. The wonder
is, that the indignant Howe should have
waited so long for Hayes to remem
ber that such a person as Howe
existed. He waited a year and twenty-one
days, since the 4th of March, 1877. Hayes,
be it said to his eternal dishonor, has not,
during all this time, appeared for one mo
ment, to be conscious that the great and im
maculate Howe was a Senator, or even
that so glorious a name shed its
lustre over this sin-trampled earth.
Who, considering the insult and the length
of time it has rankled in his diaphragm, does
not justify Howe? But then, Howe should
be just. Equity demands equity. The
Psalmist exclaims: "Who shall stand in
the temple of the Lord? He that hath clean
hands." Has Howe clean hands? He virtu
ally admits that the election in
Louisiana was a fraud, and
that the vote of the State belonged to Tilden.
Why did he become a party to the ciime
Being equally a ciiminal with Hayes, he has
a right to demand a division of the spoils.
Conceding so much, we are forced to say,
not, to be sure, out of abundant love for the
Entenoi, that Howe is unjust to
Carl Schmz. He should have re
nembered Carl Suhui/ never had
tha brains of HOWP. but thai, strange to say,
while Carl was a ciazen of Wisconsin, he
was a very sharp t'lorn in the attenuated
limUs of Howe, and a generous spirit would
have remembered, with undjmg gratitude,
that had not Carl Schurz left
Wisconsin, the patriot Howe would
have never graced the Senate with
his august presence. The cabinet of Hayes
does not suit Howe, and the Presidential
Southern policy is terribly obnoxious. Here
we must part company with Howe, because
while fully endorsing the Southern policy,
and as fully agreeing with the denunciation
of the fiaudulent cabinet, truth compels us
to say that we do not believe the latter
would be improved by the membership of
the immortal Howe.
To the Editor of the Globe:
Taking no little interest in the controversy
which has sprung up between Bishop Ire
land, of the Catholic church, and the Prot
estant clergymen of this city, originating in
Bishop Ireland's assertion that "Fii.f
ism was only another name for communism
in religion," which position he seems to have
maintained by most convincing logic, I feel
interested to hear some Protestant clergy
man logically refute the^Jfishop's argument.
The Rev. Mr. Breed's attempt at a refutation,
was, even by his warmest admirers, admitted
to be a failure. Rev. Mr. Ten Broeck, stand
ing squarely on the platform of his church, i. e.
on the prayer book,articles of religion and
the homilies, replied to Bishop Ireland, with
what result, can be best judged by those who
heard or have attentively read the lecture of
the Bishop, delivered by him in the cathe
dral last Sunday night. The Rev. Mr.
Thomas, in replying to Bishop Ireland,
seems disposed to devote himself to various
side issues, and appears to avoid the point
in controversy. The public, or such of the
public as are at all interested in the pending
controversy, would be gratified to have the
Rev. Mr. Thomas drop the various side issues,
by the consideration of which he evidently
desires to distract their attention, and divert
it from the point under discussion, and ad
dress himself to a logical refutation of the
position assumed by Bishop Ireland. I no
tice that Rev. Mr. Thomas advertises, in this
morning's Pioneer, to lecture, next Sunday
evening, in part, on papal infallibility. As
no Protestant or infidel (I mean no dis
courtesy to either by coupling the two in this
sentence) can comprehend the existence of a
divinely founded, infallible church, it follows
that neither can have an intelligent compre
hension of the fact of an infallible Pope, or
of the divine inspiration of the Bible.
This admitted, Rev. Mr. Thomas, a
Protestant, is not likely to shed much light
upon a subject, which, from the nature of
the case, he is incapable of comprehending.
The supernatural wisdom or infallibility of
the popes has puzzled the minds of more
profound men than Rev. Mr. Thomas.
Hume in his history of England, in re
ferring to the popes makes this assertion,
The wisdom of so long a succession of
men who filled the papal throne, and who
were of such different ages, tempers and in
terests, is not intelligible and could never
have place in nature." Hume bore witness
to the fact of the supernatural wisdom of
the popes, while to him it was not intel
ligible, in other words, he could not com
prehend or understand it.
As previously stated, Rev. Mr. Thomas
will gratify those interested in the contro
versy, by confining himself to the subject
under discussion, viz., "Is, or is not Protest
antism only another name for communism
in religion," and showing wherein Bishop
Ireland's logic is at fault. BETA.
ST. PAUL, March 26,1878.
Grarrett Biblical Institute.
CHICAGO, March 26.The committee to de
vise means to add $200,000 to the endowment
fund of the Garrett Biblical Institute, reported
this afternoon to a meeting of the friends of
the institution favoring putting an agent in
the field and providing for voluntary contribu
i Alcoholic Commission.
NEW YOBK, March 26.The National Temper
ance Bociety rejoice in the passage by the
United States Senate of the bill for a national
commission of inquiry concerning the alcoholic
liquor trafic, and earnestly request the concur
rence of the House.
BUSINESS OF THE NATIONAL LAW
Blaine Slakes a Good Point Against the
Halifax AwardChristlancy Introduces a
Bill to Repeal the Bankrupt LawTest
Vote on the Tariff BillIt is Made the
Special Order by a Tote of 137 Teas, 114
WASBTNGTOH, March 26.The Vice President
was authorized to appoint a committee to re
ceive at New York the body of the late Repre
sentative Leonard and escort it to West Ches
The House joint resolution to prescribe the
time for payment of the tax on distilled spirits
passed as it came from the House.
Senator Christiancy from the committee on
judiciary, said he was directed by the majority
of the committee to report back the bill to re
peal the bankrupt law. He said
an honest effort had been made
in the committee for some time
past to so amend the law that it would be satis
factory to the public, but there was such a con
flict of opinion it was impossible to agree on
amendments. Several members of the com
mittee who did not favor repeal consented that
the bill should be reported without recom
mendation. Placed on the calendar.
Senator Wallace, from the committee on
finance, reported favorably on the Senate bill
for the relief of John W. Douglass. Placed on
the calendar. It appropriates $6,865 to reim
burse him from loss by the robbery of Deputy
White, collector of internal revenue for the
nineteenth district of Pennsylvania.
He also reported from the committee on
fareign relations with amendments, the House
bill supplementary to the act of March 3d
1859, to carry into effect the convention be
tween the United States and China, and to give
the court of claims jurisdiction in certain
cases. Placed on the calendar.
Senator Blaine said.^SI move the correspond
ence between the American and British gov
ernments, in regard to the appointment of Del
Fosse on the Halifax commission, be taken
from the table and referred to the committee
on foreign affairs. I beg at the same time to
call the attention of the Senate to the fact that
the correspondence more than justifies all I
said in regard to the very extra
ordinary efforts of Lord Granville to force
Del Fosse upon our government. When the
resolution calling for this correspondence was
before the Senate, I agreed with my honorable
colleague, the chairman of the committee on
foreign affairs, that the award should be paid,
not because it was just, or was founded upon
any fact or evidence submitted to the Halifax
commission, but simply because it was an
award which, for honor's sake, we might pay,
though we got nothing for the large sum re
quired, and if the payment of five-and-a-half
millions of dollars were the end of the matter,
I should be willing to vote it in silence, and
bury the whole matter out of sight.
But the truth is, this award is only the begin
ning of trouble. The period for which it pays
will be ended in a few years, and their own
privilege for inshore fishing must be negotiated
afresh. It was well known at Halifax during
the session of the commission that the Cana
dian authorities were striving not simply for a
large sum in hand, but for fixing the rate by
which to assess the price of inshore fisheries in
the future. It is our duty to show that the
rate fixed by the Halifax commission has no
foundation whatever in truth, or in fact, and
that no evidenee was before the commission to
juslify the award.
I hold in my hand some statistics of very
great inteiest bearing on the question from
which it appears that the total value of the
catch in inshoie fisheries by American fishermen
during the four years the treaty has been in
operation, was only $485,170, on which the
profit was probably $100,000. This covers the
entire catch for which we obtained the right
under the treaty. During the sarre four years
the duties on Canadian fish and oil remitted by
our government amounted to a million and a
half dollars, gold, and now under this treaty
we are compelled to pay half a million pei an
num in addition or two million dollars gold
for four years.
In other words, by the remission of duties
and the payment of cash from the treasury, our
government is called upon to pay three and a
half millions of dollars, gold, for the privilege
of permitting our fishermen to make a profit
of $100,000 on inshore fisheries of Nova Scotia.
Considerable comment has been made in the
country on the point suggested by me that the
Washington treaty required the unanimous ver
dict of the Halifax commissioners, before a le
gally valid award would be made. I quoted
some eminent English authorities in sup
port of this position. Since then
a friend has shown me a copy of
The London Times of July 6th, 1877, contain
ing an elaborate editorial article in regard to
the fishery commission, then about to assemble
in Halifax. In discussing the powers of the
commission the 2irnes said: On every point
that comes before the fishery commisson for
decision, the unanimous consent of all its mem
bers, is, by the terms of the treaty, necessary,
before an authorative verdict can be given.
The Times then points out the difference be
tween the Geneva tribunal and the Halifax
commission, showing that a majority could de
cide at Geneva, and affirming that the United
States would have a perfect right to demand
unanimity in the verdict at Halifax.
It is also well known that the Halifax com
mission was discussed by the Canadian minis
try in 1875, after negotiations for the reciproc
ity treaty had failed. On that occasion Blake,
minister of justice, remarked the amount of
compensation we shall receive must be an
amount unanimously agreed on by the com
I mention these facts to show that I spoke
with full authority when I suggested that the
verdict rendered at Halifax was not legally
binding under the terms of the treaty, and its
payment must be justified on othe%rounds. I
have already intimated more than once that
considerations outside of the legality or justice
of award might constrain us to its payment,
but it should never be paid without such pro
test as will forever prevent its being quoted as
a precedent, or accepted as a standard to meas
ure the value of jnshore fisheries in future ne
The motion to refer the correspondence to
the committee on foreign relations was then
Senator Cameron, Wisconsin, called up the
etition of D. J. Corbin, claiming a seat as
from South Carolina, presented by him
some time agor and then laid on the table to be
called at some future time, and moved it be re
ferred to the committee on privileges and elec
tions. So ordered.
Senator Thurman presented a resolution of
the Cleveland Board of Trade, remonstrating
against the transfer of the control of the life
saving service from the treasury to the navy
department. Laid on the table.
Senator Davis, of West Virginia, submitted a
preamble and resolution, quoting from the re
port submitted to Congress by the secretary of
the treasury in 1871, to the effect that $35,700,-
983 was due the government from collectors of
internal revenue not in office, and directing the
secretary to report to the Senate what amount
or portion of this sum has since that time been
paid to the government what amount has been
settled by compromise, and what steps have
been taken to collect the balance. Ordered
printed and lie on the table.
Senator Coke moved the Senate bill amend
ing the revised statutes in legard to militia be
made the special order for Monday next.
He also submitted an amendment, providing
that the several States have the right through the
Governors, to select arms and equipments to be
used, provided they shall not exceed in cost
the pro rata of the State making the selection.
On motion of Senator Oglesby it was ordered
that the testimony taken before the committee
on public lands in regard to the McGarrahan
case be printed.
At the expiration of the morning hour the Sen
ate resumed consideration of the Pacific railroad
fund bill, and Senator Merriam spoke in favor
pf the bill reported by the committee on judi
Senator Merriam having concluded, Senator
Hill took the floor with the understanning that
he would speak to-morrow upon the bill, and
with the consent of Senator Thurman, it was
laid aside to retain its place as the unfinished
Senator Thurman said he hoped it would be
the pleasure of the Senate to proceed with the
consideration of the funding bill with some
what more industry than before, and that a
vote would be reached by the latter part of
the week or the first of next.
Senator Matthews said when he addressed the
Senate a few days ago on the pending bill, he
TOff STrPAUL^)AILY tfLOBE, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 27, 1878.
gave notice that he would move the bill re
ported by the committee on railroads as a sub
stitute for that reported by the committee on
judiciary, and he now submitted that motion.
Senator Windom then called up the consular
and diplomatic appropriation bill, and said he
was prepared to go on with it to-day, bnt at the
request of Senator Harlan, chairman of the
committee on foreign relations, he had con
cluded to let it go over until to-morrow.
After a short executive session the Senate ad
House of Representatives.
WASHINGTON, March 26.Mr. Atkins, chair
man of the committee on appropriations, re
ported the legislative, executive and judicial
appropriation bill, and gave notice that he
would call it up for consideration Tnesday
Mr. Washburn, from the committee on ways
and means, reported the tariff bill, and it was
referred to the committee of the whole.
Mr. Patterson offerred a resolution calling on
the secretary of war for informotion as to what
steps had been taken to protect residents of
Colorado from an outbreak of the Ute Indians.
Mr. Singleton, chairman of the committee on
printing, reported a concurrent resolution for
printing three hundred thousand copies of the
report of the commissioner of agriculture.
Also a concurrent resolution for printing five
thousand copies of the report of the forestry
Mr. Aiken moved to increase the number to
25,000. Agreed to and the resolution as amend
Mr. Cox, of New York, reported back the
Senate bill to constitute a commission to con
sider and report a plan for providing enlarged
accommodation for the library of Congress.
Mr. Wood reported a resolution making the
traffic bill the special order for Thursday,
April 4th, the morning hour.
Mr. O'NeillI move to lay the bill on the
Mr. SpeakerThe bill is not before the House
it is in the committee of the whole.
Mr. CongerI believe it is the opinion of the
majority of the House that the bill should not
be considered at all.
Mr. WoodI am quite willing to teat the
sense of the House on that question, and there
fore move the previous question.
Mr. CongerI hope the resolution will be
voted down. I have an amendment I want to
offer after debate. The previous question was
seconded, 123 to 107, and the resolution adopt
ed, yeas 137, nays 114, as follows:
Beone, Harris, Ga.,
Bouck, Harris, (Va.)
Cairn, Hewitt, Ala.
Caldwell, Ky. Hewitt, N. Y,
Clarke (N. Y.) Jones, N. H.,
Clarke (Ky.,) Jones (Ala.,)
Covert, Cox (Ohio,)
Cox(N.Y.,) Cravens, Crittenden,
Davidson, Davis (N. C.)
Eden, Eickhoff. Ellis,
Beaney, Rea, Reagan,
Stephens, Swann, Throckmorton, Townshend (111)
Tucker, Turney, Vance, Veeder,
Willis, (N. Y.)
Ketcham, Kimmell, Knott,
Jorgensen, Joyce, Keifer,
Lathrop, Lindsay, Loring, Mackey,
Marsh. McGowan, McHenley, Metcalfe, Mitchell, Monroe,
Norcross, Oliver, O'Neill, Overton.
Patterson, N. Y.Willets,
Aldrich, Baker, N. Y.
Ballon, Bayne Blair, Brentano,
Bridges, Briggs, Browne, Bundy, Rurdick,
Butler, Calkins, Camp, Campbell, Claflin, Clark, la.,
Cutler, Danforth, Davis, CaL,
Denison, Dunne!1, Fames, Ellsioorth, Evans, Pa.,
Field, Foster, Frye, Gardner,
Randolph, Reed, Reilley,
Stenger, Stewart, Stone, la,
Strait, Thompson, Thornburg, Tipton,
Townsend,Ohio, Townsend, N. Y.
Turney, Wait, Walsh,
Watson, White, (Ind.,)
Although the vote may be regarded as fur
nishing general indication of the division of
the House on the subject of the tariff, it is by
no means conclusive, for it is understood sev
eral Democratic members, ont of courtesy to
the committee on ways and means, voted to
make the bill the special order who would not
vote for the passage of the bill.
Mr. Springer then called up the Massachusetts
contested election case of Dean against Field.
Discussion continued up to 5 o'clock, the most
noticeable speech being made on the Demo
cratic side by Mr. Walso, of Maryland, against
the majority report of the elections committee.
It is understood the debate is to be closed and
the vote taken to-morrow.
On motion of Mr. Williams, of Michigan, the
Senate amendment to the bill for the support
of the government of the Disrrict of Columbia,
changing the time for the completion of assess
ments from July to August, was concurred in.
Judge Blatehford Rules Against His De
murer* Upon all bnt One of the Twelve
NEW YOBK, March 26.Judge Blatehford, U.
S. District Court, gave a decision to-day in the
Buit of the U. S. vs ex-Governor 8. J, Tilden to
recover some $150,000 income tax alleged to be
due the government by the defendant. The
suit, it will be remembered, was brought in the
U. S. District Court when Mr. Tilden was the
Democratic candidate for president, and it was
alleged was only brought for politi
al purposes. Counsel for Mr. Tilden
set up a demurrer, and the case was
argued at great length, Judge Blatehford's
decision is quite lengthy and cites innumer
able authorities, the principal of which are,
United States Supreme court decision and the
dollar savings bank case and Rhode Island,
lately decided by the Supreme court. He sus
tains defendants demurrer to the first count in
the complaint on the ground that in the vear
covered by this count, Mr. Tilden had made
a return of his income and paid the tax on
such return. On the other eleven counts in the
complaint, he sustains the plaintiffs, the
United States, in the demurrer to the answer of
defense, holding virtually the government was
not bound by the action of the United States
assessor or its agents, and Mr.
Tilden was required to make
himself a return of his income which he
had not done. The case is now to proceed to
trial by the jury, onthequestion of the amount
of income of Mr. Tilden during the years in
which he made no leturn himself. In the
three years Mr. Tilden allowed the United
States assessor to make the return and paid the
tax on such return, together with the penalty,
but this, the court holds, was not sufficient.
As there will soon be a decision, it is more than
probable Mr. Tilden's counsel will appeal the
case to the United States supreme court,
MADE IT HOT.
New Tork Severely ScorchedLarge Num
ber of Canal Street Business Firms
Burned OutIos $800,000.
NEW YOBK, March 26.A fire broke out this
morning in the six-story marble front building,
numbers 261 to 267 Canal street. The flames
spread with great rapidity, and a third alarm
for fire engines was sent out, when after two
hours of hard labor the fire was got under con
trol. The following is a list of
LOSSES AND INSUBAKCES:
The building was owned byE. S. Higgins. The
first floor and basement was occupied by B. L.
Coffin, dealer in notions and hosiery. Loss
$65,000 insurance $50,000. The second floor,
Nos 261 and 263, was occupied by Cohen, Ball
& Co., clothiers. Loss $150,000 insurance
$100,000. The second floor, Nos. 265 and 267,
was occupied by Hill Bros., dealers in millinery
goods. Loss $100,000 insurance $75,000.
Loss on the building $200,000 insurance $110,-
No. 259, owned by Charles Fox & Son, was
considerably damaged by water and breakages.
The upper part of 261, was occupied by it.
Elias & Co., manufacturers of white flannel
drawers, shirts, (fee. Bernard King, manufac
turers of ladies' and children's wear, and the
Hungery manufacturing company, ladies'
scarfs, &c. These firms suffered total loss.
Thestore of No. 247, was occupied by Wm.
A. Headley, as a salesroom for trunks, travel
ling bags ana valises. Their manufactory is
in Newark, and they had a large stock of goods
in store for the spring trade. Mr. Headley
said at present he was unable to make any es
timate whatever of his loss. The buildings
were insured to a considerable amount. Stock
totally destroyed. Thos. Pretterton & Co.,
manufacturers of mens' and boys' clothing, oc
cupied the third and fourth floors of No. 267
Canal street, and lost all their stock. Loss
Buildings 265 and 267 Canal street extended
t Howard street, the entire store on the first
floor being occupied by Messrs. Hill Bros.
The front and rear of Canal and Howard street
buildings were separated by a large sky-light
in the center of the block immediately over the
first floor, and it was only by the most inde
fatigable exertions on the part of the firemen
that the flames were prevented from commu
nicating to the Howard street side of the
marble pile. The upper four stories of 23
Howard street were occupied by Weinberg &Co.,
dealers in dress gooda and zypher worsteds.
Mr. Weinberg said his Btock throughout was
badly damaged by water and smoke, but until
nre goods are all examined it is impossible to
make an estimate of their loss. The firm has
an insurance of $50,000.
G. F. Leschopi & Co., importers and manu
facturers of dregs-trimmings, of 21 Howard
street, sustained damage to stock by water and
smoke, to the amount of $12,000 insured.
The building is one of the finest on that part of
the street, and was erected ten or twelve 3 ears
ago by Mr. Higgens for his own use as a caipet
warehouse. The fire
MUST HAVE BEEN 8M0LDERING
for some hours, as shortly after discovery the
flames broke out in uncontrollable fury from
the upper stories in the centre room, and at one
moment threatened the destruction of the en
tire block. A dozen streams of water were
poured into the burning structure, until the
firemen, seeing that it was impossible to save
it, turned their attention toward saving con
tiguous Buildings. The upper part of the en
tire structure Nos. 261, 263, 265, and 269 Canal
street, was gutted, the front and rear walls
NEW YOBK, March 26.E. T. Riley's restau
rant, Broadway, was damaged $30,000 by fire
this morning. Insured. Other occupants of
the building were damaged an aggregate of
Promising Condition of Spring Crops
American Wheat at an AdvanceFrance
a Liberal Purchaser.
LONDON, March 26.The Mark Ixine Ex
press review of the British corn trade the last
week says: A large breadth of spring corn has
been planted under favorable conditions, and
the seasonable weather of the last few weeks has
stiengthened the wheat planted without un
duly forcing it. In spite of the present winter
weather we have every reason to hope for a
more prosperous season than for three years.
In many districts the sowing of barley and oats
is nearly completed, that another week of dry
weather would nearly end the spring sowing.
Some reaction in favor of higher prices is no
ticeable in the wheat trade, but the improve
ment has only in a few instances extended to
home grown grain, which has been maiketed in
a very short quantity and somewhat defective
condition. Foreign wheat, of which the im
ports into London were very moderate, is met
with an improved demand at an advance of a
shilling per quarter, chiefly on American
discriptions, but more business is passing than
of late in all varieties, and the tendency of
prices is in the sellers' favor.
There has been some contiental demand,
which has tended to advance values for cargoeB
off the coast. It is probable France will require
seven hundred thousand quarters of fine wheat
for mixing purposes between this and harvest.
Judging from the dullness of trade at the
close of the week it is doubtful whether last
week Monday's advance will be maintained, as
arrivals of wheat from America and Kussia the
next few months will be on too large a scale to
admit of much enhancement of values. France
will probably relieve us of some portion of the
accumulated stocks in southern Russia, but al
lowing for this it is scarcely likely the ordinary
consumptive demand will be sufficient to sup
port the present currencies.
Some attention is directed to Indian wheat,
of which the stocks in London are worked
down to comparatively a narrow compass, and
a slight improvement in the value of Calcutta
produce appears probable. Maize, although
quiet, is fairly steady. Both old and new corn
is in moderate request at late rates, but other
Borts of feeding corn are dull. Grinding bar
ley and inferior sorts of oats have given way
one shilling and six pence per quarter, respect
ively, with moderate arrivals.
At ports of call the floating cargo trade for
wheat ruled steady. The demand for the con
tinent continues. Maize has advanced three
pence. Barley sold slowly at rather easier
BESSIE TURNER AN ACTRESS.
A Modest First Appearance on the Stage
Under an Assumed Name.
[N. Y. Sun, March 22.]
Miss Bessie Turner, the able witness for
Mr. Beecher in the great scandal trial, has
become an actress. She made her first ap
pearance on the stage on Monday evening
last, in Danbury, Conn., as a member of a
company sent out from this city by J. W.
Collier, the actor and keeper of the saloon
at Thirteenth street and Broadway. This
organization presents "A Celebrated Case,"'
by permission of the Union Square Theatre
management, and Miss Turner's rolefs that
of one of the girls who appear only in Re
naud's cottage in the prologue. She has
only a few sentences to speak, bnt it is said
that she shows aptness indicative of talent for
the business. On the following evening she
acted in Waterbury. She is to travel with
the company throughout New England,"' the
performances being in the smaller cities. Her
principal stage companions are Messrs. E.
K. Collier, Charles McManus, M. W. Leffing
well, W. H. Thorne, Frank Harrison, and
Miss Lillie Eleridge. She is called Beta
Avery in the bills, and no intimation as to
her identity is given in the advertising. It
is palpable that, after the training gained by
this tour, she will secure a place in some
New York company next season.
Miss Turner has had a varied experience
since here achievement as Mr. Beecher's
useful witness. The Plymouth people did
little or nothing for her, and her notoriety
made it difficult for her to get desirable em
ployment. She was at one time a waitress
in a dairy restaurant. Later she came un
der renewed attention through a fight in
Long Branch btween the coachman who
claims to be her brother and a New York
politician, with whom she was living at a
hotel there. She has for a long time been
preparing for the stage.
The Forthcoming State Fair at St. Faul
Encouraging Words from All Quarters-
Round to be the Most Complete and At
tractive Ever Held in the Northwest.
[Dunton's Spirit of the Turf, Chicago.]
It is a remarkable fact, that boys should
not attempt to do the work of strong men.
There is another fact which is proper to
mention in connection with the St. Paul fair
of 1878that it takes money to make the
mare go, and Mr. Isaac Staples, of Still
water has offered $1,000 to aid the enter
prise. Many other gentlemen of wealth
have also made liberal donations for the
coming fair, and it is reasonable to conclude,
when such men as Mr Staples, of Stillwater,
whose money is counted by millions, put
their fingers in their pockets and draw out
the wealth by the thousand, that something
is to be done. Minnesota is rich in all that
is needed to make a prosperous fairmen,
money, horses and cattle. The crop of 1877
was abundant. That of 1878 promises re
markably well. Already half or nearly all
the seeding is done. Trotting, running, and
a grand bat of premiums will be given, to
the amount of $10,000 at least besides
which, the association is officered with the
very best of Minnesota material.
George R. Finch, of the firm of Auerbach,
Finch, Cnlbertson & Co., wholesale dry goods
merchants, of St. Paul, has recently been
elected president of the twentieth annual
Minnesota State Agricultural society, to be
held in St. Paul, September 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th.
6th and 7th, 1878. Mr. Finch is a gentle
man in every sense of the word. He came
to St. Paul in 1862, and became a member of
this firm in 1864, and from that time to this
has rose in the estimation of those with
whom he has done business, until he was re
garded as the most suitable man in the State
for the position of president.
D. W. Ingersoll, a pioneer merchant of St.
Paul, president of the State Keform School,
president of the St. Paul Elevator and Ware
house company, president of the chamber of
commerce, has been chosen first vice presi
dent of the State Agricultural society. Mr.
Ingersoll came to St. Paul at a very early
day, has held very many offices of tust, and
will now show Minnesota what he knows
about agricultural fairs and horse shows.
Samuel Adams, one of the early movers in
the grange party, who is a resident of Mon
ticello, Wright county, grand master and
lecturer for the grange, has been elected to
the office of second vice president.
Wm. Fowler, a wealthy farmer of Wash
ington county, a member of the State Leg
islature, an old settler and a respected citi
zen, has been elected to fill the office of
third vice president and it is thought he can
Col. Geo. Culver, proprietor of the Metro
politan hotel, has been chosen as the proper
man for treasuier of the State Agricultural
society. He has been identified with St.
Paul for many years and has fought fortune's
battles, and rose to the topmost round of the
financial ladder. And now that he has mas
tered all other obstacles, he will, this year,
demonstrate his fitness for the trust imposed
upon him by the people of his locality.
K. C. Judaon, of Farmington, a gentleman
who has held the office of secretary for six
years past, and whose fitness for the place is
too complete to require comment, has again
been called to endure the arduous duties
that necessarily fall to the lot of his office,
and will, this year, as heretofore, act as secre
tary of the Minnesota State Agricnltural
society. Already he has begun to prepare
the "bill of fare" for 1878. We believe it
will be a good one.
We have thus briefly ddated upon the
situation of the twentieth Minnesota State
Agricultural society, and all we have to add
is, that we trust that the Christian work will
be immediately carried to success.
I Currie Pioneer.]
The managers of the State Agricultural
society are making arrangements for a good
display of our products at the annual fair to
be held in St. Paul during the first week in
September. It promises to be one of the
most successful that the State has ever held.
Elsewhere will be found the official an
nouncement of the executive committee of
the State Agricultural society, relative to the
next State fair. This will be of interest to
our Minnesota readers, for there are none of
them we hope but are interested in the suc
cess of the same. We shall endeavor to
keep our friends posted from time to time
as to the progress made by the committee in
their preparations for the twentieth annual
exhibition of the society.
The Minnesota State Agricultural society
announces the next annual exhibition to be
held on the grounds of the Driving Park
association, St. Paul, next Sept. 2, 3, 4, 5,
and 7. The officers of the society are Geo.
P. Finch, president: Geo. Culver, treasurer:
R. C. Judson, secretary. The exposition
promises to be the most complete and at
tractive ever held in the State.
The Minnesota State Agricultural fair
is to be held at St. Paul, commencing on
September 2d, lasting through the week.
We trust our farmer friends will see to it
that Becker county is well represented this
fall, and thus secure the full benefits
accruing from these annual gatherings.
There is no reason why we of Becker should
always take a back seat,' while our sister
counties go in and reap rich rewards. Let
us make an effort to give our county one
good showing, and all that is needed is the
effort, for we have every facility, having
annually better crops and more of them,
than any of our neighbors, who make a far
better showing than we.
[Novelty (Winona Co.) Press.]
The State Fair will be held at St. Paul the
first week in September, and is likely to be
the best one ever held in the State.
The Minnesota State agricnltural society
are making extensive preparations for the
twentieth annual State Fair, to be held at St.
Paul the first week in September. The
Fair grounds are to be improved and new
buildings erected, for the accommodation of
the greatest exposition ever given by the
society. Cheap excursion tickets will be
sold by all railroads running into St. Paul.
[Stevens County Tribune.]
The State Agricultural society, at their
meeting held in St. Paul on February 21st,
decided to hold their next fair on the grounds
of the Driving Park association, which have
been, with the exception of last year, hereto
fore used for that purpose. It will be held
on the 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th of
September, and arrangements are being made
which will make it by far the most complete
and attractive exposition ever held in the
[Biver Falls Journal.]
We are informed that the exhibition will
beheld on the spacious and beautiful grounds
of the St. Paul Driving Park association,
heretofore used for that purpose, and that
arrangements are already being made which
will render this by far the most complete and
attractive exposition of the agricultural and
other industrial interests and arts of Minne
sota and the Northwest ever held in that
State. Annual Fair of the Chisago and J'int\Coun
The executive committe of the Chisago and
Pine"counties agricultural societies have vot
ed 4 to 3, to hold the next fair at Rush City.
The committee also adopted the following
Hesolved, That the next annual fair be
held on the 28th, 29th and 30th of August
next, and that the executive board solicit
from the exhibits the articles exhibited at the
fair for the purpose of putting them on ex
hibition at the annual State fajr, held in St.
Paul in September next.
The Emperor William was 81 years old Friday
Spurgeon is said to be growing gentler and
quieter in his manners as he grows in his
The enow storm at Montreal and points in
that latitude Sunday, the 24th, was the severest
of the season.
General Longstreet is pleasantly spoken of by
the Augusta Chronicle, as "the modern Bene
Don Cameron will soon be an Ohioan by
marriage, and Hayes is said to be looking about
for a fat office for him.
Representative and ex-Governor Swan, of
Maryland, will shortly be married to Mrs. John
R. Thompson, of Princeton, N. J.
The cold snap of tho 24th froze the peach
buds throughout Michigan, effectually destroy
ing all prospects of a fruit crop thw sum
In its decision in favor of Anderson, ths
supreme court of Louisiana may be said to
have nol. pros'd the case against John Sher
Great Britain is suffering from depression of
trade, and a general reduction of wages from 7
to 10 per cent, is about to take place in tha
cotton and iron trades.
The Smdicate contract having expired. Mr.
Conant, formerly assistant secretary of the
treasury, and his assistants, now in Europe will
return to the United States.
As an evidence of his father's insanity, Cor
nelius J. Vanderbilt. Jr.. is trying to prove
that the Commodore was once engaged to ba
married to Tennie C. Claflin.
Benjamin Noyes, the ex-president of the n
tional Life Insurance company, who is locked
up in Newark jail, considers himself an injured
man and refuses to give bail.
Col. A. McCaleb, late countv clerk of La
Salle county. 111., hanged himself at Ottowa,
111., Sunday, the 24th. The act caused great
surprise, as no cause for the act is known.
All the lady letter-writers in Washington arc
telling their respective papers how awful lonely
dear old Hayes must feel while his charming
wife is away in Ohio. The poor, deluded se\.
Every dav or two, now. Mr. Blame gets up in
the Senate to show us what kind of a President
he would have been. The exhibition is making
a great many people thankful for Hajcs, even
with his clouded title.
It is suggested that Minister B.iyard Taylor
will have to take another pedestrian tonr
through Europe to overcome the dyspepEia.
which is the lesnlt of the many recent public
dinners in which he has indulged.
George P. Bowler, of Cincinnati, one of tho
principal owners of the Kentucky Central rail
road, died, on the 21th, at Pans, France, of
gout of the heart, aged thirty-two years. He
had recently returned to Paris from Egjpt.
General ''Baldy" Smith, of New York, la at
the head of a company winch proposes to pay
Spain $100,000,000 for the freedom of Cuba, the
bondB to be guaranteed by the United States
government. Spain, however, doesn't take
kindly to the enterprise.
William K. Bragg, onlj son of Gen. E. S.
Bragg, member of Congress from the Fond du
Lac, Wisconsin, district, and a young man of
noble character and bright promise, died sud
denly of heart disease, Sunday evening, the
24th, aged tv.enty-one years.
The Germans are making largo additions to
their war navy. Nine small vessels are to be
commenced on April 1, and will be used prin
cipally as training ships etc., and three large
iron clads and the splendid now imperial atch,
Hohenzollern, early in Maj.
The New York Journal of Coniirnne, in CHII
mating the amount of coin 111 the conntrj,
states as follows- "Com belonging to the gov
ernment, $70,847,485.70. Held by individuals
and corporations, and in circulation, $129,633,-
594.67. Total, $200,481,080.43."
In casting thf vote which defeated the whip
ping-post bill in Kentucky, the lieutenant gov
ernor put his decision on the broad ground that
humanity is already too much degraded, and
that no amount of saving in criminal expenses
would warrant the state in promoting human
The schooner Gen. Miller. Capt. May. which
sailed from San Francisco for Alaska, having
as passenger Col. Woods. United States collector
of customs for Alaska, was discovered a few
days ago bottom Ride up, and is now being
towed back to San Francisco. All on board
were undoubtedly lost.
Hon. J. Glancy Jones died at Reading, Pa.
the night of the 24th, aged sixty-six. He served
in Congress, with only brief interruption, from
1850 to 1858, and was for two ears chairman of
the ways and means committee. He was also
minister to Austria during President Bu
In 1858 Joseph Caldwell was a drj goods
clerk in Boston. In 1868 he was a millionaire
speculator, and began a house which was to bo
the finest America, and one window of which
cost him $4,500. Caldwell is now a bankrupt,
and the unfinished house, which cost a half
million dollars, is now being torn down.
Quiet is again restored at Darmouth college,
N. H. Of the large number dismissed fiom
the college only two Isade G. Burnett, a
junior, from San Francisco, and John Crocker,
a freshman in the pcientifie department from
Illinois, have been expelled. The sophomores
escorted their dismissed classmates to the cars,
some going to the next station.
Three ladies were remarkable by their toil
lets at the queen's last elrawing-room. Mrs.
Cavendish-Bentinck wort a sort of sandals in
laid with gold Mrs. Tom Brassey had a gor
gous train, resembling somewhat a peacock
tail, that floated from her shouldersnot her
waist and Lady Margaret Beaumont carried
in her hands a boquet worth a king's ransom.
Mr. Moody addressing oung converts in a
meeting at Springfield advised them to avoid
Fiee-masonry, Odd-Fellowship, novel-reading,
horse-racing, card-playing, theatres, and busi
ness partnerships, and marriage with uncon
verted persons. Concerning the latter, he was
very decided, saying that he hoped for the
time when clergymen would refuse to join such
persons in marriage, as Mr. Spurgeon now does.
An old friend of the late ex-Senator Wade
tells the Athena, Ohio, Journal of the reply he
made to the reproof that swearing was a sin
"Now that depends entirely upon circumstan
ces for instance, if swearing is apart of one's
daily conversation, the outgrowth of his feel
ings looming up from an honest heart, not
meaning harm, there is none. But if he swears
in a mean, pinching way, damn him, he is a
sinner and ought to be lost."
At Fort Fairfield, Me., Charles M. Wells, died
suddenly on the 8th inst., aged 26 years.' The
funeral services occurred Tuesday at the
church, ten days after death, when his friends
remonstrated against the buiial, the coipsa
having appearance of hfe. The body was re
turned to the house of a friend where he died.
Scarcely any change has occurred in the body
since death. The opinion prevails that he is
not dead, though the'physicians pronounce him
John Wallace, the Wetzel county, West Vir
ginia, murderer, was taken from the hotel in
which he was confined at Burton, at 1:30 Sun
day morning, by a party of twenty-five masked
men, and hung about a mile from the hotel.
Owing to the strong feeling against the two
remaining prisoners, George Villars and George
Wallace, they were removed to Wheeling, for
safe keeping. John Wallace confessed that he
had murdered Mary Wallace and her infant and
Mary Church, and to the last declared that
Villars was his accomplice.