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II. P. HALT..
NO. 17, WABASHAW HTBEET, ST. APliT
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Office, 313 Hennepin avenue, up
ST. PAUL. FRIDAY, MARCH 29, 1878.
THE proper thing to do relative to the
Insane Asylum, is to send Betts to tho peni
tentiary for life, dismiss Drs. Bartlett and
Bowers, and remove P11 the pitseiit board of
trustees. Peihaps the institution would
then run for a few months without murder
THE St. Cloud Times very properly puts
in a claim to have the next Congressman
from the Third District hail from that sec
tion of tho State. Thero is a great deal of
justice in this claim, but think of the great
men who would languish in this region.
Think of Ramsey, Washburn and Stewart,
and see if you can have tho heart to rob
these great men.
THE St. Peter Tribune kindly acquits the
GLOBE correspondent who lepoited the in
vestigation from all responsibility for the
headlines over his article. Tho head lines
shook the Tribune sadly, but as they simply
gave prominence to iho facts which the inves-
tigation developed the proper thing for the
organ of the Insane Asylum management to
quarrel with is the facts. They are stubborn
We would be pleased to have the GLO BE in
form ns whether tho theory that burning alive
for such offenses as Anderson is charged with
"would be an act in favor of free government,"
is in accordance with pure Democratic doc
trine, or ia a rude and unjustifiable innovation.
Little Falls Transcript.
It is "pure Democratic doctrine" to pun
ish th men who perpetrate such a wrong
was done in stealing the Presidency, in a
manner which will forever prevent the repe
tition of the offense. Whether it should be
by hanging or burning we are not prepared
to say. If the wood should green it
might be best to burn them.
AX/THOTJGH in the extreme northe rn portion
of tho county, and therefore tho least
directly interested in the bridge project of
any of the other outside towns, the people
of White Bear have put themselves frankly
and ungrudgingly on record ag the staunch
friends of St. Paul, and shown their faith
in a liberal public policy, as against the
blighting effeots of niggardly economy and
retrogressive fogyism. We take the liberty
to say to our friends at White Bear, that
there is nothing narrow about St. Paul, and
that the spirit of a generous reciprocity will
certainly oharacteiize her course toward
them in the future, as in the past.
CONKLINQ WANTS HALF A MILLION,
Oonkling smothers his wrath, but objeots
not to taking a half a million for Harlem
river. Wo begin to think that New York
has had about enough money for rivers and
harbors, at least until the West, and espe
cially the Mississippi, shall bo ren
dered navigable for the States tribu
tary to its waters. Mr. Conkling
has not been over generous to the West, and
it comes now with bad grace for him to
ask a half million for Harlem river. The
West demands the improvement of the Mis
sissippi. The welfare of one-third of the
States of the Union, and tho prosperity of
fifteen millions of people depend npon it.
New Tork is rich enough to improve
all the rivers of the State.
It is a favorable sign, however, when the
silent Conkling becomes so far mollified as
to ask for money. Money is a great molli
fierand harmonizer, and possibly, should
Mr. Conkling succeed in getting a half mil
lion, he will get into as good humor with
every one else again as he has always been
There has always been the most intense
hatred on the part of the Republican party
to foreign born citizens. It broke out once
and came nigh sweeping the country with
the turbid waves of Know-nothingism. We
had supposed that politicians were too
shrewd to betray this feeling, because the
Republican party owes it success in the past
to the foreign element.
Since Hayes formed his cabinet, Carl
Schurz has been the ceaseless subject of at
tack. Before he was sworn in, Conkling,
Blaine, Howe & Co., began their sneers.
Howe haslet the cat out of the bag. He hates
Carl Schurz because he is a foreigner. That
is the whole of it. We have no part in these
Republican squabbles, and do not care a fig
for one aide more than another. We pro
test, however, in behalf of all foreign born
citizens, against this Republican attempt to
kill off one of their own number, be
cause he happens to be a foreign born citi
zen. Carl Schurz is a man of great ability,
as conceded by every one, and he has won
his way to the highest honors by
his own unaided efforts. He commands re
spect from those who disagree with him, and,
it may be said, that he has been an honest
man among thieves. The attempt of Repub
lican leaders to ostracise him because he
happens to be foreign born, shows the spirit
and principles of the Republican party.
12 months 10 tO 12 mouths 00
THE SUNDAY GLOBE.
HE GLOBE will be uraiBhed every day In the
week to city subscribers at 85 cents per month or $10
By mall the SUNDAY GLOBE will be one dollar per
year in addition to the rate given above for mall
THE WEEKLY GLOBE.
The WEEKLY GLOBE is a mammoth Bbeet, exactly
double the size of tho Dally. It is just the paper
for the fireside, containing in addition to all the current
news, choice miscellany, agricultural matter, market
reports, &c. It is furnished to single subscribers at
$1.90 per year. Clubs of five (aduress to one per
son) for $1.15 each.
Postage prepaid by the publisher on all editions.
All mall subscriptions payable invariably in advanro.
THE INSANE HOSPITAL AFIEB
Beside tho cost of this mammoth concern
on which officers, managers and trustees, in
cluding the "Rev. Kerr" live, few lawyers
and fewer other persons know the existence
of a lawan outrage on all justice. Some
one connected with that hospital had the law
passed. Wejunqualifiedly assert that it was
concocted to steal the property of the insane.
This law gives the power to the Superin
tendent to have a guardian appointed for
every insane person committed to the Hospi
tal, who has no wife and children, and turns
over his property to the State, that is, to the
Hospital for Insane. The darkest ages of
this oarth never witnessed an act of legisla
tion capablo of being used for
greater wrongs. It is full of in
cipient tyranny and of rascality.
But this is the lawso-called. Let every
intelligent person read it. It is the 78th
chapter of the General Laws of Minnesota
for 1876, and reads:
"That whenever any person who now is, or
hereafter may be, a patient in the hospital for
the insane in this State, and it shall appear to
the satisfaction of the superintendent of such
hospital, that such patient is inourable that
he has property within the State that he has
no wife or ohildron who would be dependent
upon him for support, if sane, and that he has
no guardian, it shall be the du ty of such super
intendent to apply to the probate court in
whioh such hospital is situated, for the appoint
ment of a gurdian of the person and estate of
such insane person, and the court upon such
application Bhall proceed to the appointment
of a guardian of such insane person, in the
same., manner as is or may be pro
vided for tho appointment of guardians
of the person and estate of minors.
Such guardian, when appointed, shall have and
exercise the same powers and duties as are or
may be by law conferred upon guardians of
minors, and may sell any real or personal es
tate, the property of such insane person, in the
same manner and for tho same purpose as is or
may be provided for the sale, by guardians of
minors, of the real or personal estate of their
wards, except that such sale shall be made in
the county where such estate is situated, and
the proceeds of Buch sale shall be paid in the
treasury of the State, for tho use and benefit of
such insane persons, and shall be applied to his
use and support in such hospital, and upon his
dieoharge therefrom, the residue, if any, of
suoh proceeds, shall be paid to him or his
guardian, and if suoh insane person dies in
such hospital, then such residue shall be paid
to his legal representatives."
This is a statute to give to the officers
and trustees the property of every unmar
riod man sent to the hospital. A to turn-
ing it over to the State, that is all bosh.
The law itself shoves the grasping power of
the hospital. I is a public institution. N
patient has to pay Tho State expends
enough money annual ly in all conscience to
pay for all. Why, then, should a distinction
bo made? Hero there is something rotten.
It is not only that there is something rotten
in Denmark, but Denmark is rotten all over.
Mr. W. S. Fertie, of St. Paul is conduct
ing a temperance revival at Wabashav.
Gaber Hoim, of the town of Helen, Mc
Leod county, lost his dwelling by fire Mon
day tho 25th.
It is rumored that Mr. T. M. Perry is ar
ranging to resume tho publication of his pa
per at St. Peter.
The Northfleld Mail understands that a
fund of $15,000 has been raised and pledged
to enforco the prohibitory amendment in
The new Norwegian paper to be issued
from the Northfield Mail office is to be call
ed the Northern Light. The first number
will be issued next week.
The Sauk Rapid Sentinel entered upon
volume VI with its issue of the 26th. The
Sentinel is published by W. L. Nieinan. a
St. Paul boy, and, as a natural consequent,
is a good looking and well edited paper.
The flour mill burned at Waterville, Rice
county Friday night the 22d, was owned by
Major H. W. Bingham, of Northfield. It
cost $20,000 originally, but was worth con
siderably more at the time of its destruction.
Oliver Cratt, of Wabasha, settled in this
State in 1828, and has resided here ever
since. This takes the wind out of the sails
of John Bush, who claimed to be the oldest
white settler but did not come to Minnesota
until 1846. Next!Lake City Sentinel.
Mr. John Hart, of Winona county, who is
recognized authority in the fruit business of
Minnesota, says the prospects are good for a
large fruit yield in this State this year. He
has never seen the firuit bads come out so
full during his long experience in this
The farmers have devoted the last ten
days to seeding,and with the favoring weath
er it is fair to infer that most of the wheat is
in the ground. We hear it estimated by good
judges that at least one half of the old crop
is still in the hands of tho farmers. A lively
spring trade is therefore anticipated. It is
also estimated that a very much larger area
than ever will be devoted to this grain the
present year.Wabashaw Herald.
The Insane Asylum Gang Don't Like the
TSt. Foter TribuneInsane Asylum organ.]
The St. Paul GLOBE of Sunday heads its
news of the hospital investigation as fol
Simply MurderAtrociously BrutalChoking
a PatientHe Diea in 5 MinutesThe Mur
derer says 15Parboiling a WomanLinseed
Oil No HelpShe Conveniently Die'sNice
Dishes of ManureServed up as DessertBart
lett on His Kneet.Abject Letter Apoloev
Our Noble! Charityl!
It is safe to say that there is not a man
here of any shade of belief, but what consid
ers this an outrage on truth and decency,
and if the GLOBE desires a reputation worth
having among decent people, it will quit
that sort of thing at once. The reporter
disolaims any responsibility for these head
lines, and the committee did not wish to be
considered responsible for any inaccuracies
in the testimony as published.
The Midland Railway.
On Friday last twenty-three cars of iron
came for the Midland. Mr. Hanley, super
intendent of track laying, also put in an ap
pearance, marshaled his forces, and Friday
and Saturday were given to putting in several
additional switch tracks at the Midland yard.
As soon as they were ready, the box cars
were brought in from McCracken's and the
junction to get them out of the way for ac
tive operations in track laying the first of the
week. On Monday this long delayed work
was resumed, and by this time the region
around the mouth of west Indian oreek is
connected with Wabashaw by rail. The
work is to be vigorously pushed, and it is
expected Millville will be reaohed early next
Old Aleck for Congress.
If "01* Aleck" should enter the lists as a
candidate for Congress, he would be a hard
man to get away with. And when the con
test for the Senatorsbip comes up, perhaps
the grey mare would be much the better
The WabaBhaw County Sentinel thinks
the Democrats of the second district could
not do better than to nominate Hon. S. L.
Campbell, of Wabashaw, as candidate for
Congress at the next congressional election.
THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBEf
~t $ **& fj^ij
TRIPLE^ EXECUTION LAST
The Story of a Crime Committed Over Ten
Tears AgoA Detective Working the
Case by Malting Love to the Daughter of
One of the Alleged MurderersWas Pat
Hester GuiltyHis Sad Parting With His
FamilyThe Confession of Pat Tally.
At Bloomsburg, Fa., Monday the 25lh
inst, three Molly Maguires were executed,
viz: Patrick Hester, Patrick Tally and
Peter MoHugh. A correspondent of the
Philadelphia Times gives tho following ac
count of the crime and its detection:
Nearly ten years ago, on a crisp Sunday
morning the lifeless body of Alexander Rea,
with six gaping bullet wounds upon it, was
found lying on tho roadway passing from
Centraha, in Colombia county, to Mount
Carmel, in Northumberland county, and
about a mile and a half from the latter place.
Of the ten men concerned in the killing,
three will meet their deaths on Monday.
Columbia county has never had a hang
ing, and when its initial performance aims at
three sudded takings-off and the subjects all
fully-fledged Mollis Maguires at that,
Bloomsburg, the county seat, and known
only to fame as the home of Hon. Charles R.
Buckalew, feels a degree of excitement hith
erto a stranger to the quiet little town. Pat
Hester, PatTullyand Peter McHugh have
been in Bloomsbnlg jail for more than a
year. lhe 9th of August last was to have
seen their swinging-off, but the inevitable
writ of error came in the way, and hanging
day was put off, but only for a time. The
judicial killing of a man of Hester's stamp
among his fellowsTully and McHugh are
not out of the ordinary as Moliie Maguire
rascality runsis not the only peculiar
phase about this next act in this drama of
retributive justice. The murder of Rea was
remarkable in its way. None ever accused
the sons of Moliie being above theft, but
during their reign of violence at the time of
and ante-dating the "long strike" their
hands and their revolversthey never used
kniveswere kept too busy with
destroying the railroad and coal com
panies' property and accomplishing schemes
of revenge to permit them to rob peo
ple, and in the long list of murders exposed
by the ferretings of Detective McParlan,
there is not one, with the exception of that
of Alexander Rea, that was not committed
for the purpose of satisfying the malice of
someone. Nor can Alexander Rea's death
be ascribed to the robber's greed, for he
gave up his all peaceably, and his death was
purely the result of wanton brutality.
Alexander Rea, a mining superintendent,
was a peaceable and inoffensive man, but
naturally fearless, for in the pursuance of
his duty in a lawless region he was never
armed. He had a wife and six children, and
was consideied an estimable gentleman.
About half-past nine o'clock on the morning
of October 17,1868, Mr. Rea was riding in
his buggy in the highway in Conyngham
'ownship, Columbia county, in the direction
of the Coal Ridge Improvement company's
colliery, and when near a roadside spring,
where had been erected a rude watering
trough, he was fired on and killed. The
excitement ran high. John Duffy,
of Mahanoy City Michael Prior,
of Branohdale Thomas Dona
hue, of Ashland, and Pat Hester, of Mt.
Carmel township, were looked upon as the
assassins, and they were at once arrested.
Their trials began in February, 1869, the de
fendants electing to be tried separately. A
test case was made against Donahue, but he
was acquitted, and tho prosecution aban
doned the lest of tho indictments, and Pat
Hester was again a free man.
What Jack Eehoe was among the Schuyl
kill oounty cut-throats, so was Pat Hester
among the gang in Northumberland and
Columbia countiesthe noblest Moliie of
them all. Unlike Kehoe, he was not a coun
ty delegate, Dennis F. Canning holding that
enviable position, but theie was no deviltry
.foot round about that he had not a finger
Li. Ho was known as a bad and violent
man, but he was of high standing in the
Ancient Order of Hibernians. Near Locust
Gap Junction, where the counties of Schuyl
kill, Columbia and Northumberland come
together, Hester's tavernall the Moliie
leaders gained their influence from behind a
pine boardfronts the railroad, his surname
figuring upon a heavy oval sign-board sur
mounting a tall post in the regular
olden style. Hester is a rather large, heavy
man, with dark eyes and hair, the
latter worn long and turned under at the
ends, and with massive and stolid, but by no
means evil looking features. He has a
slightly wicked expression in the eyes, with
arching eyebrows, thin lips and narrow chin
whiskers, a little lighter in hue than his
hair. McParlan, the deteotive, in his wan
derings, rarely traveled out of Schuylkill
county, and ho had long been among the
Mollies and was a fully accredited member
when he first found his way to Northumber
land county and to Pat Hester's house.
M'PABLAN MAKING LOV E.
Outrages wero somewhat decreasing in
Schuylkill county, while in Columbia and
Northumberland counties the Mollies were
exercising their own sweet will without let or
hindrance, and so McParlan was ordered to
bend his steps in that direction. Thomas
Donahue, a brother of "Yellow Jack" Don
ahue, who was hung in Mauoh Chunck last
June, was an intimate friend of Hester, and
being on a first-class spree in Girardville, in
Schuylkill county, was met by McParlan in
Jack Kehoe's hotel. McParlan, or McKen
na, as he was then known, intimated to
Donahue that he had a tender feeling for
Pat. Hester's yougest daughter and desired
some one to give him an introduction. The
pair accordingly journeyed to Locust Gap
junction, Donahue the while regaling his
comrade with stories of outrages he bad com
mitted. Arriving at Hester's house, the cele
brated Moliie was not at home, but McParlan
was soon placed upon an easy footing with
Mrs. Hester and her two blooming daughters,
a couple of sons making up the family. Hes
ter, who had^ been overseeing a gang of
laborers working on a railroad bridge, came
home to dinner. Ned Skivington, ex-oounty
delegate, who will be heard of hereafter, and
Pat. MoCool afterwards joined the party.
During the day Donahue informed Mc
Parlin that Hester desired him to burn a
bridge in the neighborhood, but the latter
thought $200 too fair a price. That night
the detective played euchre in the parlor with
Hester, his wife and eldest son, and the next
morning he left the house. He saw little
more of Hester until February, 1877, when
the latter, who, in his rush of wickedness,
had almost forgotten about poor Alexander
Rea's death, was arrested together with Pat.
Tully and Peter McHugh, and the three were
arraigned, Hester for the|aecond time, for the
murder of the mining superintendent.
The court was held in Bloomsburg, Me
Parlan's testimony corroborating or being
corroborated by that of Mike, alias "Muff,"
Lawlor (so named from a breed of muffled
necked chickens he raised) and Dan Kelly,
alias Manus Kull, better known as "Kelly,
the Bum." Kelly, the Bum, himself a party
to the assassination of Rea, and who had
once held an old woman face downward on
a red-hot stove, and whose name had spread
through four counties as one of the most
dastardly ruffians roundabouts, turned State's
evidence, but bis story was fully substan
tieted by reliable witnesses, although without
it the other prisoners might have escaped
unpunished. Kelly was to the Mollies in
the Lehigh region what little "Jimmy" Ker
rigan, the "squealer," was to the Schuylkill
and Carbon counties assassins. Kelly's sto
ry of the killing, as sworn to, was about as
MVBDBBnra A BUFEBINTEXDEKT.
On the 16th of October, 1868, the day
previous to the murder, he met Pat
Hester, Peter McHugh and Ned Skiv
ington at Big Mine Run, in the place
of Barney Dolan, who had been de
posed as county delegate of Schuylkill coun
ty, and succeeded by Jack Kehoe. They
afterwards walked to Ashland to Thomas
Donahue's saloon, where Hester informed
Kelly that he had lost something by not go
ing down the mountain where Hester had
been that day.
"But there is a good tfnng to be had to
morrow," said Hester, "for Rea will go to
Bell a tunnel, and there is money in it for
It was then agreed that Hester, McHugh,
Tully, Skivington, Brian Campbell, Jim
Bradley, Billy Muldouney and Kelly should
commit the robbery. Roger Lafferty, alias
Johnstone, procured powder and bullets for
tho pistols of the party. In the morning all
but Lafferty went to meet Rea. At German
town Muldouney said he was too lame, and
dropped behind above the tollgate. Hester,
who was too big a man to do the dirty work,
left, together with Skivington. He handed
Kelly his pistol, saying: "Your pistol is no
good. Take mine, for I know it's sure."
Hester went to Shamokin to purchase some
hair to mix with lime for plastering pur
poses, and Skivington went to work in the
mine to divert suspicion. At the watering
trough the party awaited Rea's arrival. But
few of the men knew Rea, even by sight,
and so a man named Dalton, who was ac
quainted with the superintendent, walked up
the road to signal Rea's coming by a shake
of his hat. Several people passed by, but
not until a buggy 6We in sight did Dalton
wave his hat. The carriage reached the
spring and the party sprang into the- road-
way. When ordered to, Rea stepped quietly
from the carriage, and without uttering a
word, handed his watch and pocket-book to
"What will we do with him?" said the
"I won't be hunted around the world by
any living man," answered McHugh.
Then the shooting began, all taking a
hand. Rea ran towards the woods, when
Tully quiokly caught up to him, and, placing
his pistol close to the superintendent's head,
fired. The party then escaped into the
mountains, where the money, amounting to
only sixty dollars, was divided, Dal
ton receiving a ten dollar bill for his
services. Kelly admitted firing two shots at
the superintendent. Hester had thought
that liea would have eighteen or nineteen
thousand dollars with him, but when he heard
how small the actual sum was, he said it was
not worth dividing, and refused to take a
penny. Kelly's testimony was unshaken
before a jury, and verdicts of guilty were
rendered against the three men. This was
a sad surprise to Pat Hester, for so confident
was he that his might would secure his ac
quittal that the day before the jury found
their verdicts he sent word to Locust Gap
to have a grand supper prepared in his
house in celebration of his victory but in
stead of enjoying that feast Pat He ster has
ever since been living upon prison faie
The Final SceneWas Fat. Hester Guilty?
The day before his execution, Hester part
ed with his family, and the scene is thus de
Hester was testedto-day in a manner here
tofore untried. His throe daughters and
two sons-in-law arrived late last night by a
road wagon, having travelled twenty-seven
miles. His other son-in-law and daughter
returned home last night. Early this morn
ing, they, together with their mother, pro
ceeded to the prison, and was admitted to
his cell. Hester rose from his couch as the
door swung open, and discovering his
daughters, who were comely in feature and
well attired, he staggered forward, trembling
in every limb, and was met in the centie of
his cell by his children,who threw their arms
around his neck and implanted hot kisses of
love and affection upon his cheeks. Their
screams of despair and heartrending sobs
filled the prison and penetrated into its
farthest recesses. The condemned man
could not find voice to respond to these
tokens of fidelity, but the swelling tide of a
husband and father's love burst its bonds,
and a flood of tears trickling down his livid
cheeks indicated sentiments his heart was
beating to express. There was but little
conversation upon the subject of the dreaded
event, the burden of the talk being confined
to the statement that Hester will die an in
nocent man. The grief of the youngest
daughters, sixteen and eighteen years of
age, was uncontrollable and hysterical.
Tully made the following confession to
one of his attorneys, a short time before his
execution: "Concerning this crime I can't
say I am innocent. I can't say any of, the
party is innocent. You can make Pat Hes
ter innocent if you like, but he was there.
He was there all the night at Tom Donahue's
saloon, and he gave his pistol to Kelly, and
he was at the toll-gate that morning. Kelly
swore to some lies, but the most he said
was true. Neither Hester nor McHugh told
me to do the deed. What I done was done
of my own accord, but Hester waB body
guard and McHugh was county delegate, and
if they had said the thing should not be
done they could have stopped it. It wasn't
muoh the order (referring to the Ancient
of Hibernians) as it was whisky that
led me into it. If I had followed my early
teachings I never would have got into this
trouble. When the trial first began I would
have pleaded guilty, but I had no lawyer
and no money to pay one, and
I didn't know what to do, so I pleaded not
guilty, asjthe others did, when-1 knew it was
a lie. I would have made a statement long
ago but I was in a cell with the other two
and had no chance. I never had a chance
to talk to you alone or I would have told you
this before, but I couldn't do it in the cell
with the other two. On tho trial some of
the witnesses against us swore false, but
most of what Kelly said was true. He could
have sworn to a great deal more, but I guess
he didn't mind it at the time. I do say that
Tom Donohue is innocent of the crime. He
knew nothing about it. Most of the evidence
for our defense was false and many of the
witnesses were paid for their evidence. I
know of a man who would swear that I sat
up with him when he had a broken leg, the
night before Rea was murdered, but when
you asked me during the trial whether I had
any witnesses I wouldn't tell you of this man
because I knew it was two nights before the
murder that I sat up with him and I was not
going to bring him hero to swear to a lie
even to save my neck."
Was Hester Guilty?
A correspondent writing from Bloomsburg
the day before the execution said: A short
time since, L. Harmon, a reputable lawyer in
Peoria, 111., sent word to Simon P. Wolver
ton, Esq., of Hester's counsel, informing
him that Dominic Gallagher, of Peoria,
would swear that "Kelly, the Bum,"
had narrated to him all
the particulars of the Rea murder,
implicating Tully and McHugh, but stating
positively that Pat Hester was in no wise
connected with it. This fact was communi
cated to the board of pardons, but the affi
davit was not forthcoming, and BO, with the
recollections of the howl over the reprieve
of Fisher under similar circumstances in
view, the members of the board by a decided
vote, it is said, declined to grant Hester
a reprieve. Since then the affidavit has
been sworn to by Gallagher, and is now on
its way East, and if received in time Sheriff
Hoffman thinks that it is barely possible,
but not probablepthat the Governor's Secre
tary will be in Bloomsburg to-morrow with
a conditional reprieve, to be used only upon
the authority of the Governor, and that
authority not to be used unless Tully and
McHugh make full confessions, clearly
showing Hester's innocence.
MORNING. MARCH 29, 1878. fS^^
THE STATE FAIE.
Commendation of the Exhibition to be Held
in St. Faul Neact September.
The officers of the State Agricultural socie
ty are making unusual preparations to render
their twentieth annual fair the most com
plete and attractive exposition of our agricul
tural and industrial interests ever civen in
Minnesota. It will be heldupon the grounds
of the St. Paul Driving Park association
during the week ending Sept. 7th, 1878.
Undoubtedly a Success.
[Swift Oounty Advocate.]
The 0th annual exhibition of the State
Agricultural Society will be held at St. Paul
Sept. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, 1878, and will un
doubtedly be a great success. The officers
are, Geo. R. Finch, president Geo. Culver,
treasurer, and R. C. Judson, secretary.
Mr. Judson has held the important position
of secretary for several years to the credit of
himself and the society. These officers will
undoubtedly make the exhibition a success,
and if western Minnesota is let alone by
grasshoppers, she will do her part, and show
what can be done in a "howling wilderness.''
Sty Tiling Next Fait.
[Dodge Center Press.]
The success of the society last year is stim
ulating them to extra exertions for a big
thing next fall. There will probably be a
large attendance from other States, as the
fame of Minnesota and her productfcns has
extended to the other States, and will stimu
late competition from them. R. C. Judson
is still secretary of the society, which is as
much guarantee of success as the presence of
Thaumaturgus King would be, it being a
faot that the success of the fair last fall was
fully as much due to Mr. Judson as to the
much-praised presidentW. S. King.
Moat Attractive Exposition.
The twentieth annual exhibition of the
State Agricultural society will be held at St.
Paul the first week in September, and prom
ises to be one of the most attractive exposi
tions ever held in the Northwest. The active
co-operation of the leading representatives
of every branch of agriculture and manu
facturing industry in the State is requested,
and it is hoped to enlist a wider popular in
terest than heretofore. Arrangements are
being made for cheap excursion tickets over
the different railroads, and cheaper facilities
for reaching the fair grounds from St. Paul
and Minneapolis will be afforded than at
previous fairs. It is hoped the people in
overy section of the State will co-operate
with the offhers and mako the coming fair
a grand success.
War in Minnesota.
[From the Spirit of the Times.
The great agricultural State of Minnesota
is agitated to its centre by reason of a col
lision which ia impending, and will occur
next fall, between the two organizations
known respectively as the "Minnesota State
Agricultural society" and the "Minnesota
Agricultural and Mechanical association."
The first of these has headquarters at St.
Paul, and the second at Minneapolis. The
president and active manager of the first is
George R. Finch, Esq., a merchant of St.
Paul, and a wealthy and enterprising busi
ness man the inspiring genius of the second
is Hon. William S. King, ex-member of Con
gress, and present breeder, one of
the moBt driving and energetic men
in the entire country. The cause
of the ruction is the fact that each society
has selected the same week, the first of Sep
tember, for its fair of 1878, while the
grounds aro but six miles apart. In fact,
two State fairs are to be held simultaneously
in the same State, with the slight distance
named between them, which must be consid
ered, without intending a pun, a remarkable
state of affairs. We do not feel inclined to
discuss the causes which have brought about
this situation. Each organization, of course,
considers itself the Simon Pure State Agri
cultural Society,* and that it alone is en
titled to the dates claimed, and the result is
that a rivalry has sprung up equal in deter
mination, if not in bitterness, to the Wars
of the Roses, of the Montagues and Capu
lets, or the irrepressible conflict between
Ireland and England. We are well ac
quainted with both the gentlemen who are
pitted against each other in this contest, and
sufficiently familiar with the circumstances
to know that the competition will
be unintermitting and vigorous.
Under oidinary circumstances, such
a collision would bo disastrous to both enter
prises, but in the present case we are in
clined to think the result of the sharp rival
ry will be mutually beneficial, as it is fre
quently said that the quarrels of a political
party make more voters. Each will strive to
outdo the other in attractions, premium lists
will be of exaggerated proportions, and, as
one of the head centres has expressed him
self, each will endeavor to organize a show
that even the officers of the other will be
obliged to attend, in order to "know what is
going on." Both societies appreciate the
necessity of providing trotting races of an
exciting character, each has a good track,
and the one that happens to have the faster
mile trotted over its course will not soon
cease to exalt its horn at the expense of the
other. Horsemen will be benefitted by the
liberal purses offered, and we advise them to
bear in mind Minnesota and the first week
*[This is a mistake. The Minneapolis
society does not profess to be the State Fair.
There is only one State Fair organization in
the State, and that is a duly incorporated
society. Whatever rivalry there is between
the two fairs, there is no dispute relative to
the fact that there is but one State society.
THE SCHOOL BOOK WAR.
Liberty Hall Hie Friend
The difference between the editor of the
Register and the editor of the Anti-Monopo
list would seem to be about this: While the
editor of the Register was perhaps too liberal
in the use of his own money, the editor of
the Anti Monopolist was shamefully ex
travagant in the use of other people's money.
While we put our hand into our own pocket
and brought up $50, he dove into the public
treasury and took out $ 1,000,000, which he
divided around among the supporters of his
"fifteen years steal." He voted for a $57,
000 appropriation for Stillwater, and in re
turn Stillwater voted for his "fifteen years
steel." He advocated and voted for a bill
appropriating $500 for a grave stone to be
erected over the remains of three whites
killed by the Sioux at Litchfield, and in re
turn L. M. Campbell of Meeker county,
championed his "fifteen years steel" through
the House. He advocated and voted for an
appropriation of $700 to defray the expenses
incurred several years ago in a contested
election case by his friend Rahilly, which
previous legislation had refused to allow, and
in return Rahilly supported his "fifteen years
in the House. And so we might go on
steal ad infinitum, and show how overy act of Mr.
Donnelly's during the session hinged and
turned upon this job.
He says we did not, as might have been
expected, abandon our opposition to the bill
after Mr. Brandt had displayed the $50 be
fore the House but he did not think it ex
pedient to state another fact, showing his
honorable connection with that affairthat
after the committee of investigation had
been appointed he, the honorable Senator
from Dakota, proposed to a friend of ours, a
member of that committee, to have the
whole matter hushed up, provided we would
withdraw our opposition to the bill. He as
ready to condone any offense that might
have been committed against the law, if here
by he could make sure of getting the exclu
sive control of the trade in school books in
the State of Minnesota for the next fifteen
Mr. Donnelly charges us with having made
our headquarters while in St. Paul at a dis
reputable house. We shall be stating only
what the people of this State have for a long
time known to be true, when we say that
Ignatius Donnelly is one of the most notori
ous liars and infamous slanderers that ever
trod our soil. We hurl the vile and dirty lie
back in the villainous slanderer's faqe, and
challenge him to prove his statement.
But what does Donnelly care for being
called a liar and slanderer? Ho is used to
it. Might as well attempt to kill a rhinoceros
or an alligator by shooting peas from a pop
gun at his horny baok. He has lived and
rattened on a reputation that would have sent
a Sioux Indian blushing to his grave.
How Bogardus Was Beaten.
[New York Express.]
Mr. Duffy, of Long Island, believed that
he could furnish 100 pigeons out of which
Capt. Bogardus, "king ace" of the shot-gun,
would be unable to bring down ei"hty-five.
Mr. Duffy was willing to back his opinion
with a stake of $200. Capt. Bogardus cov
ered it, and yesterday the match was 6hot,
resulting in the defeat of Bogardus.
The captain was found at the Internation
al hotel by an Express reporter this morn
"Well, Captain, you were worsted yester
day by the Long Islanders' birds?"
"Well, no," replied the champion bird
shot, "not hardly that, although the birds
were the best I ever saw, better even than
those in England, which, generally speaking,
are better than ours. The faot of the mat
ter, sir, is that I was outgeneraled. When I
began shooting there was no wind, and the
smoke lay dead. Shortly after a brisk wind
sprung up, blowing dead with the birds, so the
smoke and the brids went together. The
traps were but six feet apait, and the birds
were a caution. They must have been all
gristle, for one was picked up outside the
bounds with twenty holes on ita body, ten
on each side, showing tho 6hot had" gone
olean through, and then, beside, the birds I
am told by parties there, had been in train
ing for two weeks. This Duffy bought up
400 or 500 birds, and then, picking out this
100, brought them to the park every day and
shot sand at them, they flying home to be
disciplined in like manner the following day.
And yesterday, during tho match, I found
Duffy pinching and pulling feathers from
the birds after putting them in the traps.
Then I 6topped. But the ^reat difficulty
was tha wind and smoke. If I had the
powder I generally use in the first barrel I
should have been all right, for that makes no
smoke. But I feel in no way defeated. I
offered to put up $500 there yesterday that I
could, upon a second trial, kill eighty-five
out of one hundred birds, and regard the
fence as boundary line."
For the Ladles to Bead.
Sat in is above every thing for trimming.
Sea-weed is much used for drees trim
Black laoe pointe or shawls are no longer
Dress goods of all kinds will be cheap this
Saoques in new light tints divide favor with
The yoke of tho kilt shirt should fit the
hips like a glove.
Golden brown-tinted hair is the fashion at
present in Paris.
Drab or mode shades are the fashionable
ones in kid gloves.
Velvet and fringe galloons are the latest
for dress trimming.
Very young girls will wear Scotch plaids of
dark colors for spring.
Light drabs and stone colors are much
used for the short suits.
Bonnet coronets are very high, and turned
very far back at the sides.
Plush striped grenadine gauzes are used
in trimming spring bonnets.
The new dolmari3 in cream shades are
elegant, and are very handsome.
The new styles of diessing the hair are as
varied as the bonnets and hate.
Colored embroidery is appearing on the
broad cuffs and collars for spring wear.
Square necks, formed by long and high
shoulder-straps, are seen in opera toilets.
Elbow sleeves are still in favor for the
house, but light coat sleeves for the street.
Dolmans, French sacques and Carrick
capes will all be fashionable spring wraps.
All kinds of white goods for children will
be trimmed with gay-colored embroidery.
Beautiful orangdies in exquisite designs
will be worn for evening dresses this sum
Very high Spanish combs in silver filigree,
ivory coral, jet and shell are very fashion
Jewelry for the summer will be of filigree
silver, sometimes gilded. It will be extreme
Chemise petticoats, combining both gar
ments in one, are among the new things in
The correct length for the kilt skirt BIIOWH
it to escape the sidewalk two and a hall
inches all around.
Silks of light quality with raised figures
are offered for spring costumes, or as parte
of combination suits.
There is little doubt but that coronet
ironts will be the most popular for spring
and summer bonnets.
For early spring, fine black chip bonnets,
trimmed with narrow black satin ribbon and
lace, will be much worn.
Shoes are made with the uppers of the
same material as the drees. Nobby and
stylish with the kilt skirt.
White goods in various materials will be
the prevailing style for evening toilete dur
ing the coming summer.
Bourette is a term applied indefinitely this
season to all irregularly woven all wool and
cotton and wool dress goods.
Short walking suits for the street are
meeting with great favor. They consist of
a short kilt skirt, vest and cutaway coat.
Double-face satin ribbons about five inches
wide are used for ladies' and children's sash
es, instead of the very wide ones lately worn.
Chinese green, Mexiquo blue, Mandarin
yellow, orange, cardinal red, scarlet, crimson
and clear rose, are among the popular colors.
Ostrich tips, with marabout ends tipped
with pearl beads, and with the- central stem
ornamented with tiny sea shells, aro among
the novelties in millinery.
The new ornaments for bonnets arejn the
shape of golden feathers, gold andfiilver
filigree flies, bees and beetles, with steel
points scattered over the wings and bodies
and forming the eyes.
Ladies seem, sometimes, puzzled to know
how to dress when invited to an entertain
ment. If the invitation be printed or formal,
full dress is almost always expected if ver
bal, the demi-toiletis suitable.
The hair at present is dressed high on the
head, around a Spanish comb, narrow in the
back of the head, and dropping low on the
nape of the neckin a short chatelaine and
one or two short curls, and banged and
waved on the forehead, or made to look more
natural than nature itself with a Mercedes
coquetettie, which is an artificial banged and
A green countryman makes a fat faro bank.
Canada's debt has increased 80,000,000 tine
All the police stations Boston have been
supplied with telephone1?.
The debt of Ne York city on the first Jof last
January, aggregated 8117,741,050.
The cabinet is considering the que*tion of
abolishing the brevet rank in the army.
The New York Hcr^d remarks that somebody
ought to send David Davis to the planing mill
There is an area of 40 acres in North Carolina,
that has yielded over 31,000,000 in gold s.uce
Mr. Kelly, having been remonetized, is pre
paring to go ahead again with his motor, and
make another failure.
The Cincinnati Enquirer gives it as its de
liberate opinion that Montgomery Blair aa
Sir. Howe should unite their forces.
Gould, the St. Lotus directory man, has fired
off his Bpring census gun, loaded with a charga
of 503,635 as the population of the city.
It is surmised that Samuel J.'e incomo tar
suit has gone to a Jury, that it will be a seven
to eight affair surely, or in that proportion.
Some men are born great, some have great
ness thrust upon them, and some are native* of
Ohio, so saj6 the Louisville ~oir er-JcrirnoJ.
The proudest day in the life of a baby, is
when his mother takes him home from tho
show and whips him for not receiving the first
The New York ffera'd had seventr-two col
umns of advertising Sunday, and James Gor
don Bennett won $10,000 hst week betting
One of the misfortunes of the carh spring
weather we are having is, that the base ball
nuisance is about a month earlier thati in or
Mr3. Flynn, of San Francisco hal triplet*,
and her proud husband as a guide to i^e many
visitors chalked over hib door Thi is "-h^
the triplets is."
An Iowa clergjman is fcaid to h.ne given c75
and four formal, earnest prayen for ahorse.
The j-rajers were for the welfaie of the men
from whom the horse wis bought
The weather is hourlj growing vartner, tho
willows are paling, hyacinths burden the air
with their odors, poached eggs aro becoming
delicious, and country saus^ts aro PviDg
Augusta, the home of Senator Bhine, %sent
Democratic the other dav for the fir.t timo in
ten 3 ears. Tho inhabitants of that citj evi
dently don't believe in a platform built of
The Rev. John Jasper, a colored preacher of
Richmond, Va., is revhiug that old scandal
about tho sun moving around the earth, instead
of tho earth around tho snn, and making nu
The Iowa Legislature adjourned without
passing the revenue bill, and now the rural
members are engaged figuring up the profita
from the mileage tad per dt ra incident to a
Boston is in agony. That insignificant little
western town, Cincinnati, has dared to throw
her big orgiu mto the batkiround by the con
struction of a larger and better instrument.
"One by one the roses fade."
The work of contraction goe3 steadily OH.
The oldest business houses go do^ra beiore it,
yet no relief is promised the people. Times
grow harder every day. The repeal of the re
sumption act would stop the ruin.
The Philadelphia Xorth l?wvr says that
the extreme dullness of business is reflected by
the bank totals, the clearings fcr the Inst week
in Philadelphia being twenty millicns below
the aggregate for a season of full activity and
A Troy man had his boy in the woodshed and
was taking his measure with an infant sap
ling. As he threw away the gad, ho sarcas
tically remarked, "Now, what do you call
that?" "Father," said the boy, "it TES very
like a whale?"
Tcter Cooper is about to make a tap Boutb
this week for the purpose of purchasing about
eight hundied acres of land and several laiga
buildings near Spartansburg, B. where he
intends to establish an "'Institute of Science"
for young women of the South,
In the campaign of 1876 the New York Timb
was the leading Republican lournal of the
United Btates. I a 1878, the 7Ws says "Not
for cars has there been an adnvniatration so
destitute of popularity. It awakens no sym
pathy, wins no favor, commands no respect'"
Mr. lenin W. Bchofield, of Pennsylvania,
appointed to fill the vacant office of register of
the treasuty, is one of those patriots laid on the
shelf by their constituents for dabbling in the
Credit Mobilier business, and the Chicago
tTvncs thinks the President thould tiy to feel
ashamed of himself for insulting the country
with such an appointment.
The best criticism yet made of Ti Howe's
recent speech is by the Chicago Tun*:. It is.
"When scarcely a Representative in the Con
gress of the United States cares to nay anything
for the administration, it is hardly the part of
statesmanship for any one therein to say aught
against it." But, then, nobody e\er accused
Tim of being a statesman.
I conneotioM with the fact that we have sent
O'Leary to England to serve as a model for ths
Britishers in one branch of gymnastics, it may
not be out of place to state that there is a pros
pect of the departure of Rev. Talmage, alio, to
the favored nation. Dissensions the Brook
lyn Tabernacle, connected with the high-prfcd
organist, maj result in sending this me to a
charge in London.
The recent snow storm in Wyoming Territory
was attended with considerable loss of human
life, a number of bodies having already been
found, while others are supposed to have per
ished. On the 26th tho bodies of two hunters,
George P. Bumll and Sylvester Rces, were
found 55 miles north of Cheyenne. They were
lying side by 6ide, their pack mules feeding
close by, with their packs still upon their
Peter Dobson, who died at Vernon, Connecti
cut, on the 18th, aged mnety.four ears, was
fifty years ago the most distinguished geologist
in this country, and in 1842, in an address be
fore the British Geological society, Sir Roderick
Murchison declared him "the original author of
the best glacial theorj." For thirty years ho
haa been forgotten, but now the Connecticut
papers are printing whole columns of obitu
aries about him
No sooner does a man aoquire fame than ha
is the target for all kinds of assaults from en
vious mortals. Thus the Philadelphia Times is
constrained to say of one of Mmneseta's fore
most statesmen. "Agricultural Commissioner
LeDuc, having arranged for raising tea, fige,
dates and bonbons throughout thi* country, ia
devoting more time than ever searching for a
kind of seed from which he can raise a cabinet
position for his own use. LeDuc would no
doubt pay well for something of the kind."
A Mrs. Lewis, who keeps a fashionable board
ing house on 12th street, Ne York, probably
owes her life to an oriole or troop bird. Sho
had discharged a burly negro man for impu
dence and neglect of dntj, ho, on taking his
departure, threatened to make it hot for her.
Late the following night, Mrs. Lewis was
awakened by the unearthly screeching of the
bird. Tw examinations for the cause of the
bird's unusual behavior disclosed nothing, but
at the third time the negro waB found con
cealed under her bed, armed with a long, keen
r,.,,.,. inw -mKiamaiati^mmmmt^mae&m^mJlSSS^^^^t^^^