Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'Daily globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, March 31, 1878, Image 4',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
BY H. HAU.
NO. 17, WABASHAW 8TBEET, ST. PAUL.
farms of Subscription to the Daily Globe.
By Ca rier, per month. .85c I By Mall, per month.^So
SI months .$2 50 3months..$2.25
6months.. 5.00 6months.. 4.00
12 months..10X0\ 12months.. 8.00
THE SUNDAY GLOBE.
HK GLOBE will be furnished every day In the
week to city subscribers at 85 cents per month or $10
By mail the SUNDAY GLOBE will be one dollar per
year in addition to the rate given above for mail
THE WEEKLY GLOBE.
The WKEBXT GLOBE is a mammoth sheet, exactly
double the size of the Daily. It is just the paper
for the fireside.contalning in addition to all the current
news, choice miscellany, agricultural matter, market
reports, &c. It is furnished to single subscribers at
fUW per year. Clubs of five (address to one per
son) for $1.15 each.
Postage prepaid by the publisher on all editions.
All mail subscriptions payable invariably in advance.
Daily Globe Advertising Kates.
Fourth Page 6 cents per line every insertion.
Third Page 5 cents per line for the first week. All
subsequent insertions 3 cents per line.
Display Advertising (on Fourth Page only) double
above rates. All Advertising is computed as Non
pareil, 10 lines to an inch.
Beading MatterlNotices, First, Second and Fourth
Pages, 25 cents per line.
Blading Matter Notices, Third Page, 20 ceateper
"Special Locals," Second Page, 15 cents per line.
The GLOBE offers no yearly space, but proposes to
barge by the line for the space occupied, and the
barge for the last day will be the same as for the
Urst, no matter how many insertions are made.
Bates are fixed exceedingly low, and no charge is
Blade for changes, as it is preferable to have new
matter every day if possible.
Minneapolis Office, 213 Hennepin avenue, up
OPEN O N SUNDAY.
THE GLO BE counting room will be open on Sun
day from 6 a. m. to 8 a. m. From 11:30 a. m. to 1 p.
m., and from 7 p. m. to 9 p. m.
ST. PAUL, SUNDAY, MARCH 31, 1878.
TEMPERANCE IN POLITICS, OR POL-
ITICS IN TEMPERANCE.
Has the temperance question come to this
alternative? The professional temperance
orators, lecturers, and essayists, at last, be-
gin to realize that there can be no politics
in temperance. The moment a temperance
organization becomes a political club, it is a
case of suicide. A attempt to use vir-
tue for political preferment is
the same as the lawyer or physici an who
prostitutes the church for practice, or the
preacher who wears its robes for money.
Temperance is one of the cardinal virtues
bequeathed to mankind to exalt into free
will, and not to debase in to social slavery,
nor in to personal degradation. W must
leave out of this way of
considering, the softening influences
and divine assistance of organized morality.
Laws can never change the mor al nature of
man. Compulsion nev er made a man good.
Force can create no emotions except those
of resistance, and the human will can no
more bo chain ed than could Xerxes chain
Educatio n, and by education we mean not
merely literary culture, ut thorough dis-
cipline of head, heart and body, this kind of
education is the great secret of texuperanco
in all things. Prohibition does not mean
temperance. I is the essence of legislative
intemperance it is a dangerous prinoiple,
becau se an attack on man's free will. It is
the doctrine of Calvin's religion, smoth-
ered with the fires around Servetua
at the stake. A man compelled by bayonets
or compulsory laws to attend church de-
serves no credit for compliance. Such a
doctrine would re-produce an age when re-
sistance to tyranny was the voice of God.
But of all things, temperance in poMtics
is desirable. O that platform all may meet
and greet each other in fraternal
accord. Temperance in politics
would bani sh from the lecture
field itinerant beggars, from the halls of
Congress the bribers and the bribed, from
society the puling sycophants of influence,
would overturn the money tables in the tem-
ple of God, and expel from its nulpits the
political preachers of the Bible. all
means let us have temperan ce in politics.
RIDING AND WALKING.
The hackmen and liverymen generally
have become somewhat excited over a con-
test as to advancing the prices of riding.
Without being very familiar with the meri ts
of this important controversy, we confess
ourselves at a loss to perceive any good
reaso ns for advancing the prices
of anything ju st about these
times. The times, according to the expe-
rience of all, are not very flush, no advance
has taken place in labor or In horse feed, and
unless the liverymen design adopting the
doctrine of prohibition, and stopping the
habit of riding altogether, their object is one
of the hidden things of the universe.
W are not so sure, by the way, but that
good might be accomplished by the advance
of prices. I is very evident that many peo-
le are in the habit of riding whose exchequer
can not afford it, and this piece of x-
travagance would at least be lopp ed off. Be-
sides their health would be greatly promoted
by the exercise of walking. It would be a
step in the way of economy, and one that
might not be without its corresponding
benefit to the liverymen, thus both classes
would be benefited, the one by being com-
pelled to economize, and the other by having
fewer bad bills to collect.
UNION PACIFIC SINKING FVND.
Congress is apparently much disturbed
about the modus operandi of a sinking fund
to pay the interest on the subsidy bonds
granted to the Union Pacific Railroad. The
company has long been in default, the gov-
ernment receiving no interest, and a most re-
mote possibility of payment of principal at
maturity.' One bill makes the matt er condi-
tional on the conse nt of the creditors, and
the other on the consent of the companies.
W dou bt very much whether either bill is
rig ht in principle. The main thing is to
have the interest paid, and to compel the
companies to provide a sinking fu nd to re-
deem the bonds at maturity. This should
be made compulsory, and if there is to be
any government action, or interposition at
all, it should be thorough and effectual.
The management of these roads has been a
gigantic swindle from the beginning. They
have passed from the hands of one set of
speculators into those of another, until
finally they have reached the clutches of
Jay Gould, the Wall street gamble r.
Gould deserves no recognition by Con-
gree. O the contrary, wherever Congress
can interpose, the Legislative power should
be used to arrest the concentration of these
corporations in to the hands of one man, and
above all, we are satisfied that the whole
country would be more than pleased to see
Jay Gould kick ed out of Washington.
THE INVESTIGATION SHOULD PRO-
The Senate Insane Asylum investigati ng
committee made a most serious error in
adjourni ng until July. Senator Doran, the
chairman of the committee, has returned
from his trip to Omaha, and is now in the
city. The investigation, as far as it went,
revealed a shocking conditi on of affairs, and
we have excellent reason to believe that
only a small fraction of the in-
iquity has yet been developed.
There are some three or four
important witnesses in St. Paul who are
liable to soon leave the city, and their testi-
mony should be obtained at once, There
are also witnesses in Minneapolis, and doubt-
less in other parts of the State, who are
liable to be missing unless their evidence is
Only a tithe of the brutality and maltreat-
ment of patients has been developed, while
the confinement of perso ns who are sane,
and the financial management of the
institution, has not been touched at
all. There is reason to believe that
there are many cases of persons who are
now sane, who are still retained, and others
who have never been insane who are kept
in confinement. The committee can learn
of these cases and ascertain their truth very
readily, and they should do so.
The insane asylum management started
with bulldozing, and this adjournment is a
victory for them. They retain the brutal
Belts (who ought to be in the
penitentiary) notwithstanding the expo-
sure, and defend him. That Is enough
to cover all concerned with infam y.
The committee owe it to themselves, to the
State and to all who have friends in the asy-
lu m, not to let this investigation lag or be
delayed. All benefit will be lost if this pos t-
ponement is adhered to. The committee
should go to the bottom, and go at once.
Dr. Bartlett and the Rev. Kerr ask noth-
ing better than delay. It gives them
an opportunity to spirit away and
intimidate witnesses and in various
ways to cover up their wrong doing.
There is every reason for the investigation
to proceed at once and no valid reason for
delay. I behalf of the people who have a
right to be protected, we most earnestly urge
the immediate reassembling of the commit-
tee and the completion of their wo rk be-
fore another adjournment.
WILL RUSSIA HACK DOWN
O this question depends war. I is more
than probable that Russia will moderate the
terms of peace. The Russian-Turkish war
was a farce. There was nothing to Turke y.
It was ready to' fall to pieces, and no
sooner had the Russian forces
crossed the Danube than down
it tumbled. But Russia will find that a war
with England means something more, and
unfortunately the Czar is in no condition to
keep an army in the field.
With all the vast resources of the Russian
Empire, the government is well-ni gh bank-
rupt. England holds the purse strings
of the world, and is rich in money,
and in men drilled and disciplined
to perfection. Her soldiers fight like men.
and if it shall happen, that France be joined
with England, then the two richest nations
on the earth will be pitted against one
crippled in resources and with impair ed pub-
lic credit. The result will not be doubtful,
the Russians will retreat from Constantino-
le and the ascendency of England and
France re-established on the Continent.
The war, however, will be no child's play,
ut a long and terrible struggle, involving,
perhaps finally, all the continental power s.
England has slow ly advanced to the position
where the only alternative is war. There has
been long and anxious efforts for peace.
Russia must now determine, and upon her
decision will rest the question of war.
THE Wisconsin politicians were not the
only ones snubbed by Hayes in the appoint-
ment of Scofield to the Registership of the
Treasury. A squad of Pennsylvanians
thought they had secured it certainly for
another man (Scofield is from Pennsylvania)
and were felicitating themselves upon being
able to run the machine, when they sudden-
learned that Scofield had been offered
the place the previous day. Hayes evidently
thinks it is his duty to be a fraud all through.
SOME day there will be an investigation at
the State prison, and then
Another Political Kumor.
WASHINGTON, March 24.There is no
longer any doubt that prominent Democrats
are preparing a bill to provide for testing
the title of President Hayes in the supreme
court. Until within a few days it has been
the expectation that it would be ready tojin
troduce to morro w. The understandi ng is
that the bill is already drawn, but that events
in Lonisiana have made further delay neces
sary. It cannot be ascertained who has the
bill in possession, ut it is known that the
movement had its origin with Mr. Tilden
and his New Yo rk legal advisers. The pu r
pose of the bill is to give the supreme court
full machine ry for prosecuting all branches
of such a case.
Could Have Been C. J.
While the "smart Alecks" are flinging
their cheap wit at Senator Howe, it will be
well to remember that he once declined the
offer of chief justice of the United States,
because to vacate his place in the* Senate
would add one to the Democratic strength of
that body. was a moderate ly good Re
publican then. There is a motto somewhere
about giving the devil his due.
DEFECTIVE PAG E
Meeting of the Board of Education Last
NightThe Hi? School Question Again
Plans for the West St. Paul Building.
The regular meeting of the**board of edu-
cation was held last evening with Dr. Murphy
in the chair. After the usual routine bus i-
ness a communication was read by the sec-
retary from Mr. Burdick, offering to put his
patent ventilator in to the schools at the
rate of $12 per room.
The board deferred action till those al
ready placed in the Neill, Adams and the
High schools were well tried, and their
efficiency or deficiency ascertained.
Superintendent Burrington reported three
boys suspended by himHumphrey for
cutting scho ol desks in the Madison school,
and Wurst and Weber for truancy at the
The board approved the action of the
O the question of the high scho ol bonds
coming betore the board, several gentlemen
expressed it as their opinion that the people
would nev er vote for tha bonds, and Mr.
Kerr suggest ed the Park Place as a splendid
location for a high school. Dr. Sweeney had
no objection to the site but he would certainly
object to renting or buying the old shell
of a building. It is an old elephant on the
hands of the proprietors, and no doubt they
would be gl ad to thr ow it over on to the
hands of the scho ol board. Mr. Kerr said
he knew something of the property.
did not think the people would vo te for tho
bonds, and the board should do something
to secure a high shool, and spoke of the ele
phant of Jackson street, and he thought
here was a good opportunity. thought
the property cou ld be got chea p, and he cer
tainly would not vote to give much for it
2,000 for the purchase and converting the
premis es he thought a large sum, and he
had no doubt if the board wanted the prem
ises they cou ld be got at a very much lower
Dr. Sweeney at this made light of
the matter, treating it as a joke on the part
of Mr. Kerr.
Mr. Kerr thought it no laughing matter,
but a subject needing the most serious atten
tion of the board.
Dr. Sweeney thought, as the board was
considering old buildings, they should look
at the Universalist church on Wabashaw
street. That was a stone building and would
not, like the Park Place, require another
building erected over it to keep it war m. I
did not need a new roof and new walls and
new floor. It had the advantage of position
and the present owners were anxious to sell.
The committee on Sixth ward school re
ported and submitted two sets of plans and
elevations for the new school in the Third
ward, prepared by Mr. Basford.
WEST ST. PAUL BUILDING.
Mr. Sweeney moved that the West St. Paul
school building be held in abeyance till the
board has fun ds in hand to proce ed with
erecting the building. Motion carried.
Mr. Kerr thought that the board might
select one of the designs.
Mr. Withey moved that design and plans
N o. 2 be approved. ThiB design, it was
roughly estimated by the architect, would
cost under $5,000 design No. 1 would cost
about $100 more. Motion carried.
I was next proposed that the committee
have prepared plans and specifications, with
any improvements they deemed necessary,and
report at next meeting. Carried.
Mr. Benz spoke at considerable length
upon the importan ce of plenty of shade
trees around scho ol houses. had spoken
to a man who would supply and put them out
cheap. This man recommended soft maple
and linden if trees ie he will replace them.
Mr. Scheffer moved that the trees be or
dered, and that the sodding around Lincoln
school be attended to. Motion carried.
The usual bills were then passed and
Mr. Benz reported upon German as taught
in the public school s. The report said it
was taught in Jefferson, Lincoln, Franklin,
Madiso n, Neile, Adams, Sixth ward and High
schools some 2 50 are taught German, and
nearly one half of these are American chil
dren. The report was adopted, and the
NOON AN OR NORMAN,
Getting $15 in the Wrong Letter and Being
Held in $1,000 Bail.
The preliminary examination of Thomas
Norman on a char ge of personating Thomas
Noonan in obtaining $15 on a post office
order at Minneapolis, was continued yester-
day before Commissioner Cardoza.
Mr. J. E Hughes, clerk in the post office
at Minneapolis, was called, and produced the
book in which carriers receipt for registered
letters taken out of the post office by them.
Being sworn, he said he had examined the
book, and found no letter addressed to
Thomas Noonan entered from the 20th to
the 24th of Janua ry inclusive heard the tes
timony of Norman yesterday, but had no
knowledge of the circumstances sworn to
Norman was a stranger to him it is not
the rule of the office to pay money to strang
ers without satisfactory evidence being taken
that they were the persons entitled to receive
Cross-examined by Mr. O'BrienExam
ined the book back as far as January 15th
or earlier found no such name and no let
ter recorded from Rockfor d, Illinois it is
the custom of carriers delivering valuable
letters to deliver them only to the persons
to whom they are di rected, and get a receipt
for the same in a book carried for the pur
A. Courtney, letter carrier, sworn, said
he was a letter carrier in Minneapolis in
January last: did not know Norman per
sonally knew him by sight his residence is
in witness' district have delivered letters at
his house have with me the registered let
ter receipt book it contains entries of all
registered letters delivered by me in Janua ry
last. (Book offered in evidence.) N regis
tered letter was receipted for by Norman
that week (Jan. 20th) do not recollect deliv
ering a registered letter to Norman if I had
it would have been receipted for in the book.
Cross-examinedOften delivered letters at
his house there is no other carrier on my
routes there has been no other duringfany
part of Januar y.
Re-directNever had book covered with
The prosecution here rested.
Mr. O'Brien consult ed with United States
Attorney Billson, asking him if the prosecu
tion would withdraw by defenda nt paying for
the value of the letter, $15. Mr. Billson de
clined to do o, when Mr. O'Brien entered in to
an able defense of his client, occupying
three quarters of an hour. Mr. Bills on re
plied for the State, after which Commissioner
Cardozo said he had given a careful and pa
tient hearing to counsel on both sides, and
had followed the evidence minutely and was
sorry he couldn't comply with the request of
counsel for defendant. His duty was plain
and he must commit defenda nt for trial, but
would accept bail in $1,000, but if council
for the State was agreed, he would consent
to a reduction.
Mr. O'Brien asked that bail be reduced to
$500. Mr. Billson objected, but would have
no objection to reduce the bail providing
two reliable and substantial persons cou ld
be obtained as surety.
to a late hour last night the defendant
was in jail being unab le to secure bail, ut
when a GLOBE reporter called upon him
during the evening, he said he would be
able to furnish the requisite amount on
THE BURKE CASE.
A Letter from One of the Companions of
the Unfortunate Man at the Time of the
Coroner Stein received on yesterday the
following letter from the missing witness in
the Burke case:
READ'S LA.IDING, March 29, 1877.
In yesterday's GLO BE I find the death of the
man Mr. Burke, a total stranger to me and I
see a certain man, Mr. Brunner, makes state
men ts against me which are utterly false, and
I can prove them. I will be at your service at
any time you send for me. I have also written
to Mr. Knauff to recall his statement that I did
commit a breach of the peace, we may call
it, which is also false. I behave myself as a
gentleman wherever 1 go, and no man can
say anything against me, and Mr. Knauff must
tell ou so. I will refer ou to several friends
in St. Paul, and can prove my character in your
own city without bringing it from home.
Hoping that the matter will be settled satis
factorily, I remain yours,
L. E. HANNEHA N,
Marshall of Read's Landing.
Coroner Stein is satisfied from his investi
gations that the man fell down the bluff ac
cidentally, and hence will pursue th investi
gation no further. A Mr. Hanneman will
not be subpoenaed, his letter is given to cover
Military Order s.
The following late orders have been issued
by Gen.*Terry, from department headquar-
ters in this city:
Special Order No. 32.Second-Lieut.
Georgo LeR. Brown, Eleventh Infantry, is
hereby detailed to witness at the Cheyenne
Indian Agency, T., "each delivery of beef
and other supplies" for the Indian s, by the
contractors for furnishi ng the same, and,
when requested by the agent, "to inspect,
attest, and report on the quantity, quality,
and delivery of the annuity goods'' pur
chas ed for tnat agency, vice Second-Lieut.
Ralph W Hoyt, Eleventh Infantry, who is
hereby relieved from the further performance
of these duties.
Instead of proceeding to join his company,
under the provisions of Special Orders No.
27, current series, from these headquarters,
First Lieut. George Ruhlen, Seventeenth In
fantry, will, on his arrival at Bismarck, pro
ceed to Camp Hancock and resume the duties
of Acting Assistant Commissary of Subsis
tance at that station, relieving Second-Lieut.
Charles St. J. Chubb, Seventeenth Infantry.
Second-Lieut. Charles St. J. Chub b, Seven
teenth Infantry, will delay proceeding to
join his company at Standing Rock until he
shall have been relieved in the duties of Ac
ting Assistant Commissary of Subsistence at
Camp Hancock by First-Lieut. Geo. Ruhlen,
Capt. John Weston, Subsistence De
partment, will proceed from Helena to Car
roll, T., on public business: and, on com
pleti on thereof, will return to his station at
BASE BALL NOTES.
Jack Chapman is to manage the Milwaukee
club this year.
Mr. W Pettit, president, will manage
the Indianapolis club this season.
The various professional clubs are getting
their men together, and play will generally
commence about the 15th of next month.
The managers of the Cleveland, O., clu bs
have been in correspondence with Sumner
A. Ely, of the Red Caps last season, with a
vi ew to an engagement.
Baker and Valentin e, of the Winona Clip
pers last year, have signed with the Eries
the present season, and O'Leary, of the
Minneapolis, with the Live Oaks.
The new Chicago team, made up of eleven
me n, comes from four clubs, five men from
the Hartfords, three from the Chicagos, and
one each from St. Lous, St. Paul Red Caps,
Gross, catcher for tho Red Caps, and Gault,
the infant first base, will not, it is under
stood, ball play professionally this year. I
is reported that Gross has declined several
Davenport, la., tries the experiment of a
professional nine this season. New grounds
are being prepared, which will be ready early
next month, though the team is not called
together until May 1st.
McClellan,'(Little Mack) left for Chicago
Thursd ay evening to go in to practice. The
club have decided on a new departure, dis
pensing entirely with gymnasium practice,
but will begin field work at once.
The New England Base Ball association
has decided to make its championship seas on
from May 1 to Oct. 1, six games to consti
tute a series. Visiting cluba are to be guar
ante ed $50, or half the gross receipts.
The following named clubs have entered
for the championship of the International
Base Ball association Tecumseh, of Lon
do n, Ont.: Buffalo, Rochester Stars, of
Syracuse Utica Hornell, of Hornellsville i
Crickets, of Binghampton, Lowell Manches
ter, New Bedford and Springfield, of
The first real match ball game of the sea
son took place yesterday afternoon between
the North Stars and a nine made up of men
from the cigar firm of Kuhler & Stock, the
score being 15 to 13 in favor of the cigar
makers. A. K. McMullen, of the latter club,
did some good wo rk in the field, getting pos
sessi on of some very difficult flies.
Though official announcement of the same
has not been received, it is understood
the Pioneer Press compositors, strength
ened by one man from the lithographic
room, have accepted the challenge of the
GLOBE boys, and that the game will be
played Friday afternoon next. Printers
throughout the State would do well to make
a note of this event, because for the two
weeks followi ng the play, subs, will be in
Mr. Joseph J. Ellick, third base for the
Red Caps last season, leaves this evening for
Milwaukee, where he is to play this season
with the club of that name. Mrs. Ellick
accompanies her husband to Milwaukee to
remain during the season. Mr. Ellick
brought Mr s. Elli ck here a bride in July
last on the return of the Red Caps from the
Memphis trip, since which she has resided
here, and her departure, as also that of her
husband, will be sincerely regretted by many
Blaine fails to meet the expectations of
his friends as a Senator. They expected him
to carry the Sena te around in his watch-fob
,and have plenty of room for patronage be
sides, but they find that he is really not much
of an improvement upon the venerable,
brass-mounted Senator Hamlin.
OUR GREAT RIVER.
ITS IMPROVEMENT FROM ST. PAUL
TO NE W ORLEANS.
The Speech of Hon. Joseph Brown, of St.
Louis, before the Congressional Committee
on CommerceAn Able Plea to Secu re the
Appropriation Asked for by the River
Convention Held in St. Paul Last rail.
Mr. Chairman, and Gentlemen of the Com
mittee on Commerce
I vi ew of the vast intere ts involved in
the improvement of the channel of the
Mississippi river it seems almost futile to at
tempt to enter upon the subject in the few
minutes I am allowed (owing to the multi
plicity of business before this committee.)
But, as chairman of the committee on the
improvement of the Mississippi river, ap
pointed by the St. Paul convention, repre
senting some fifteen States, and more than
twelve millions of people, I have a duty to
perform, and having performed it as best I
can under the necessarily limited time afford
ed me, I shall be able, whatever may be the
result, to go back to those who sent this
committee with clean hand s, and say that
we, as a committee, did our du ty as best we
could, and that if the appropriation here
after to be made by your committee, and
passed upon by Congress, is not commen
surate, or in accordance with the wants and
needs of that great river and its tributaries,
then the fault is not with us, but with the
Congress of the nation, which has seen fit
to neglect the improvement of the greatest
artery of commerce known to the world, and
chose rather to spend the nation 's money on
comparatively unimportant and local im
I is true that some four and a half mill
ions of dollars have been spent (and well
spent) in the construction of a canal to the
Des Moines rapids, by which a depth of five
feet is secured to cross the rapids at the
lowest stage of water, and there has been
appropriated some five and a half millions of
dollars for the deepening of the channel at
the mouth of the river there has also been
annually expended from one to two hundred
thousa nd dollars in the removing of obstruc
tions in the shape of snags and other im
pediments to navigation, which amounts
may seem very large to those not acquainted
with the vastness of the country lying adja
cent to the Mississippi and its tributaries
ut when I tell you that these embrace an
area of more than twelve hundred thousand
miles of territory and twenty thousand mil es
of navigable water, much of which floats
steamers of equal capacity with those of the
ocean, and that the commerce of the
Mississippi river and tributaries is much
greater than all the other coasting trade
combined and that there i3 situated on the
banks of this great river, (exclusive of its
tributaries or inland towns and cities de
pendent upon it,) ninety-seven towns and
cities, with from two to five hundred thou
sand inhabitants in eachand yet, in vi ew
of all this, the eastern rivers and harbors,
some of them of the most insignificant kind,
have been receiving large appropriations
ever since this has been a government, and
in the aggregate to the extent of hundreds
of millions of dollars. Indeed, it seems to
have been the policy of the government in
the past, rather to seek to create navigable
highways out of impossibilities rather than
to improve the great natural highways al
ready in existence.
FROM ST. PAUL TO NEW YOEK.
Take for example the average cost of
transportation of a bushel of wheat from
St. Paul to New Yo rk by railroad, lake and
canal, and it will run from forty to fifty
cents, ut when there is a fair stage of a
ter in the Mississippi from St. Paul
to New Orleans, it can be placed there
in barges at about one-third of that
price. But the misfortune has been that
when the crops of the Northwestern States,
such as Iowa, Minnesota, Kansas, and Ne
braska are ready to be moved, there is not
more than thirtg inches on the bars, and the
result is the farmers and merchants of those
States are entirely at the mercy of the rail
roads during the fall season, and even if the
railroads were ever so well disposed they
cannot compete with river transportation at
a good stage of water, for experience has
shown that grain can be successfully and
profitably carried at one-fifth the cost of
railroad or, to be specific, grain can be car
ried in barges at a profit at two mills per ton
per mile, or less, while railroads cannot
carry it at a profit at less than ten mills or
one centper ton per mile, so that if the
navigation of the river was improved so as
to secure a depth of five feet at low water,
grain could be carried from St. Paul to New
Orleans for less than ten cen ts per bushel by
barges, instead of forty cents, and often fifty
cents per bushel as at present, by rail, during
the fall season, when the river is too low to
be of any practicable use.
The extent of this possible saving in
freightage is impressively shown by the fact
that this year the five States of Minnesota,
Wisconsin, Iowa, Hhnois and Missouri, will
be able to export 100,000.000 bushels of
wheat alone I 187G, the corn crop of the
States continguous to the Mississippi, includ
ing Kansas and Nebraska, was more than
780,000,000 bushels, and its value was over
$238,000,000. From its bnlkiness. corn is
naturally a water freight, and the lower the
cost of water transit, the further farmers
cou ld afford to send their products to market.
Every reduction in river rates would bring
to the Mississippi the tribute of a broader
empire, and enlarge its commerce by in
creasing supplies of freight. The economies
of an improved channel, saving twenty cen ts
a bushel on all grain exported by the Gulf
route, would give an immense impulse and
expansion to the commerce of this valley,
and it is probable that the economy on the
heavy freights which would naturally seek
exchange by an unobstruct ed Mississippi
would pay sor the proposed improvements
in a single year.
After citing the testimony of various par-
ties as to the amount of the carrying trade
and the facilities for handling grain at St.
Louis and New Orleans, Mr. Brown says:
These extracts are taken from interviews
had with several well-known merchants,
steamboat and barge transportation owners
and agents, living and doing business in St.
Louis, and within the last ew days, and
shows that the carrying trade has not only
not left the river, ut is immensely on the
increase, and that all that is needed to mul
tiply it a hundred fold is to foster and as
sist it by an appropriation of a liberal
amount of money, which, properly expended,
will give an impetus to the gra in production
of the West that would give this country the
monopoly of the grain growing trade of the
world. Therefore, in compliance with the
instructions of the St. Paul conventio n, this
committee asks congress to grant an appr o
priation for the improvement of the Missi s
sippi, and to authorize the expenditure,
der the supervision of government engi
neers, of definite sums upon specific por
tions of the river, as follows:
Upon the section from St. Paul to the
head of Keokuk Rapids, 600 miles.. .617,000
From the foot of Keokuk Rapids to the
mouth of the Illinois, 150 miles 333,000
From the mouth of the Illinois to
Cairo, 250 miles C0O.000
From Cairo to New Orleans, 1,000
These amounts are for a specific purpose,
namely, the deepening of tho channel of the
river from St. Paul to New Orleans, and are
for an entirely different purpose than the
appropriations annually made for the clear
ing out of the snags and lighti ng the river:
and a considerable portion of the amount
thus asked for, and also of the annual appro
priations, as above stated, shou ld be charge
able to the Ohio. Tennesee. Cumberland,
and other rivers, from the fact that the com
merce of all these rivers floats on the Miss
issippi below the mouth of the Ohio to the
ocean1,000 rmles-and are equallv bene
tited so that it would not be just to" charge
the entirety of these appropriations to the
It will be seen that the committee does
not ask for a fabulous amount, with a vi ew
to attempti ng to make a ft, channel to St.
Louis, which is neither considered prartic
aole nor desirable, but asks for such an
amount from St. Paul to the canal at Des
Moines rapids as will secure a five foot chan
nel at the lowest stage of water, and from
the canal to the mouth of the Illinois river
as will secure six feet, and from there to New
Orleans (10) ten feet of water, and with that
depth the business and commerce of the
Mississippi Valley can be as cheaplv and as
profitably done, as on twenty feet.
That i* the Condtion of the Pennsyltama
and II iacoHsiii Politician*.
[Washington Special, (March 28.) Cincinnati
The Pennsylvania delegation are leady to
drink hot blood, and are swearing to get
even with Hayes for the shabby trick ho
played them. Not knowing that the Presi
dent had on Monday morning telegraphed to
Glenni W Scofield, of Pennsylvania, to know
if he would accept the registership of the
treasury, on the evening of that day Repre
sentatives Harry White and J. M. Thompson,
of Pennsylvania, called upon Secretary Sher
ma n, and informed him that, as it was
understood that the register of the
treasury was to be appointed from Penn
sylvania, they desired to present the name of
J. W Sullivan, at present collecter of inter
nal revenue at AEeghany City, for the posi
tio n. The representatives said that every
member of the Pennsylvania delegation,
with one exception, desired Mr. Sullivan to
be appointed register. Secretary Sherman,
after hearing all that Messrs. W bite and
Thompson had to say on the subject, ad
vised them to call up on the President and
lay the case before him. Acting on this ad
vice, White and Thompson called at the
White House early yesterday forenoon, and
presented Sullivan's name to the President.
Hayes listened attentively to all th had to
say, took copiou.-. notes of the conversation,
and said that Sullivan's case should
be giv en due attention. Somewhat elated,
the two Pennsvlvaniin wended their way to
the office of the secretary of the treasury.
and informed him that they believed that
with Mr. Sherman's co-operation, the Presi
dent would nominate Sullivan. ''Nominate
SullivanV" said Sherman "I guess not. for
the President has already nominated Glenni
W Scofield for the position. W have just
received a telegram from Mr. Scofield sav
he will accept the office." Then the'two
Pennsylvania Congressmen looked at each
other and began to swear. They denounced
the administration as a tricky, hypocritical,
lying institution, and spoke bitterly of the
manner in which the President led
them to believe that the nomination of
register of the treasury was still
ope n. Sherman, it is said, came in for his
share of abuse, and the two irate Congress
me n, after vowing never to darken the doors
of the White House again, walked indignant
ly from the Secretary's office. Hayes ticated
the Wisconsin delegation about as shabbily.
All united hi recommending Amasa Cobb, of
that State for the registership. Senator
Cameron, of Wisconsin. Paddock, and oth
ers, called in person to urge his claims.
Hayes took notes of what each had to say.
inquired as to the fitness of the applicant,
and finally said: '-Cobb? Cobb? You mean
Cobb of Wisconsin':'' "The same." replied
Cameron. "Oh, yes! I know him,"'
said the President: "he served
Congress with me, and is an excellent man.
and would make a good legister of thetreas
uiy. The delegation retired, and met Cob b,
the applicant, on a stieet corner. "Well,
what luck?" said Cobb. "Excellent," re
torted Paddoc k: "under an ordinary admin
istration I should ^ay you were sure of
the appointment." Imagine the consterna
tion of Cobb and his friends, on reaching
the cipitol twenty minutes later, to find that
Scofield's name had been sent in even while
Hayes was having his conversation with
them. These be samples of how Haves
treats Scnatois who have friend.) to ucom
mend fen- office.
JJOItY AM) LIZi:.
The New Yo rk Times says there is trust
wort hy authority for the statement that Mrs.
Tilton will rejoin Thodore about May 1,
letting bygones be bygones, and that the
reunited family will go to Europe. Tilton
has been long trying to bring about a recon
ciliation, ut his wife refused to have any
thing to do with him. The children's en
treaties were added, and finally she yielded.
Beecher's friends say that Tilton's purpose
is to get her under his thumb and make her
manufacture another confession. O the
other hand, it is rumor ed that Mr s. Morse,
the mother-in-law, is the chiet promoter of
the reunion, and proposes to live with tho
How to Catch a Wasp.
A Boston paper says: A butterfly was
caught at the south end yesterday." It may
be safe enough to'catch a butterfly at the south
end, ut when you go to grab a wasp, you
want to catch it at the northeasterly end,
shifting westerly toward the head.
I i I
Totifthff Report That Tiny arc to TAr
[N. Y. Special (March 28) Chicago T-rnet,.
Mr. Thomas G. Shearman and some other
prominent members of Mr. Beecher's
church, seem to be responsible for the fol
lowing interview, printed to-day, with refer
ence to the rumor ed reconciliation of Theo
dore Tilton and his wife. Mr. Shearman is
represented as saying that Tilton has ior
some time been trv ing to effect a rconcilia
tion with his wife: that at first she refused
to have anything to do with him, but finally
consented to live with him again, if he would
make a full retraction of everything he had
alleged against her character. 1 his Mr. '1 ll
ton refused to do. Tilton had a long inter
view with his wife recently, and the result
was that definite anangements had been
made whereby they were soon to be reunited
as man and wife and go to Europe together.
The rumors of this reconciliation are cred
ited among the greater part ot Mr. Beecher't
on, bL on