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Daily globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, April 02, 1878, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025287/1878-04-02/ed-1/seq-1/

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Every Material Stipulation of the Treaty of
ENGLAND'S PLAINT. stt^ttr,ssLnS^A,:a,r'1'e
San Stefano a Departure from the Treaty
of 1856Tlie GovefUments Provided for
Vew Bulgaria, Thessaly and Epirus so
Formed as to Give Russia largely In
creased Power, Cripple the Porte, and
Kaise a Barrier Between the Trade of Eu
rope and PersiaMiscellaneous Notes
from Different European Capitals, all
Breathing a Fear of War.
LONDON. April 1.The circular which Sir
Stafford Northcote stated had been sent to the
Powers bears date to-day, and is signed by the
Marquis of Salisbury. It summarizes all the
recent correspondence, and after giving Rus
sia's refusal to consent to England's demand
relative to placing the treaty as a whole before
the congress, continues as follows.
"Her majesty's government deeply regrets
Russia's decision. Even if a considerable
portion of the stipulations of the treaty were
likely to be opposed, Russia's reservation rela
tive to their discussion would nevertheless be
open to most serious objections. Every material
stipulation of the treaty involves a departure
from the treaty of 1856, and by the declaration
signed in London in 1871, it is 'mpossible for
Her Mejesty's government to acquiesce in a
withdrawal from cognizance of the powers of
the articles which are modifications of existing
treaties. The combined effect of the stipula
tions upon the interests of the powers, also
furnished conclusive reason against separate
discussion of any one portion of them.
By the articles relative to New Bulgaria, a
strong sclav state will be created under the
auspices and control of Russia, who will thus
secure a preponderating political and commer
cial influence in the Black and Aegean seas. A
considerable Greek population, although it
views the prospect with alarm, will be merged
into a sclav community alien to it.
The provisions by which Russia will practi
cally choose a ruler for Bulgaria, while a
Russian administrator frames, and a Russian
army controls the first working of its institu
tions, sufficiently indicate of what political
'system it will in the future form a part.
The stipulations tor the better government
of Thesally and Epirus, in themselves highly
commendable, are accompanied by conditions
the general effect of which will be to increase
the power of Russia to the prejudice of Greece
and every other countries having interests in
the eastern Mediteranian.
The territorial severance of Constantinople
from the European provinces still left under
its government, will deprive the Porte of any
political strength which it might have derived
from their possession, and expose their inhabit
ants to serious risk of anarchy.
The acquisition of Bessarbia and Batoum
makes Russia dominant over all the vicinity of
the Black sea, while the acquisition of the Ar
menian strongholds secures her influence over
the population of the province, and enables
her to arrest trade between Europe and Persia.
The indemnity stipulated for is evidently be
yond Turkey's means, even not considering
the portion of her revenue hypothecated to
other creditors, its mode of payment being
vaguely stated. It may thus be demanded im
mediately, or left to weigh down the Porte's
independence for many years commuted for
more territory or be made the meanB of entirely
subordinating Turkish to Russian policy.
The combined effect of the treaty stipula
tions is to depress almost to a point of entire
subjection the political independence of the
Porte. It cannot be otherwise than a matter of
extreme solicitude to Great Britain that a gov
ernment whose formal jurisdiction extends over
geographical positions of deepest interest tobetter
her, should be so closely pressed by political
outposts of a greatly superior power, that its
independent action, and even existence, is al
most impossible. Large changes will doubt
less be necessary in hitherto existing treaties.
England earnestly desires good gov
ernment and peace and freedom
for the populations to which those blessings
have been strange. She would willingly have
entered a congress in which the stipulations
could be examined as a whole, but neither of
the British interests would be consulted by the
assembling of a congress restricted by Prince
Gortschakoff slate reservations.
LONDON, April 1.Sir Stafford] Notthcote,
chancellor of the exchequer, announced in the
House of Commons, this afternoon, that Lord
Salisbury had been appointed foreign secretary.
The queen's message for calling out the re
serves was read by the speaker. It is as fol
lows "The present state of public affairs in
the East, and the necessity of taking steps for
the maintenance of peace, and for the protec
tion of the interests of the empire, have con
stituted, in the opinion of her majesty, a'case
of great emergency within the meaning of the
acts of parliament. In that behalf her majes
ty deems it proper to provide additional means
for public service. Therefore, in pursuance of
these acts, her majesty has thought it right to
communicate to the House of Commons that
she is about to direct that the reserve force and
military reserve force, or such part thereof as
her majesty may think necessary, be forthwith
called out for permanent service.
Discussion of the message was postponed till
Monday next.
Sir Stafford Northcote, in reply to a question
by Loid Hartmgton, said a circular had been
sent to the powers by the British government
explaining the views of the government regard
ing the present position of affairs.
The lord chancellor received the royal mes
sage in the House of Lo?ds.
LONDON, Aprifl.A Vienna dispatch says in
consequence of Lord Derby's resignation and
the calling out of the reserves Austria has
ceased her efforts to effect a compromise about
the congress, feeling sure that Russia will not
yield to England's demand now, when doing so
would seem somewhat like submitting before a
threat but what may not be possible now may
become so later, as the interruption of the ne
gotiations in regard to a congress and the or
der for the mobilization of reserves in England
need not be followed at once by an actual col
lision between the two powers and the convic
tion may be foiced upon them that after
all the congress offers the only possible
chance for a peaceful settlement. The
impression is that whatever may have been
originally the object of Gen. Ignatieff's mis
sion, he confined himself in fact to giving and
receiving information and returns to St. Peters
burg to report what he had heard. He prob
ably discovered that Austria is too anxious for
European condemnation of the treaty of San
Stefano, to enter into any bargain about it
with Russia alone, which would seem to have
given it Austrian sanction. Moreover, General
Ignatieff's later declarations indicate that after
he communicated the feeling here to St. Peters
burg, he received instructions which forbid
him to go as far in the direction of concession to
Austria as he first expressed himself inclined.
This was probably because, after England's
determination singly to resist that portion of
the treaty unacceptable to her, it was hardly
worth while for Russia to suriender that large
portion of it unacceptable to Austria, without
knowing whether she would be able to maintain
any of it or not. The peace-at-any-price ten
dency ia still, howerer, very Btrong in Vienna.
Herr Tisza's visit here was arranged before
Saturday's demonstration in the Hungarian
Diet, and is not therefore in consequence of it,
but it may be. supposed Tisza's will |ako the
T'^.rT"*""*'"- T- -~-^^^n^a^a^a*. A*e5fc*
CONSTANTINOPLE, April 1.The Grand Duke
Nicholas had a two hours interview with the
Sultan on Saturday. Onon, the Busssan drago
man, was the only other person present. The
Russians are fortifying the lines of Chatalja
and erecting entrenchments at all strategical
points. Osman Fuad and Raouf Pasha have
gone to the Turkish camp at Maslak. Moukh
tar Pasha has been appointed chief of the gen
eral staff and Osman Pasha commandant of
Constantinople. The Russian Admiral Popoff
has arrived here. The Egyptian contingent
from Varna are encamped at Unkiar Skelesi, a
village of Asia Minor on the Bosphorus, eight
miles northnortheast of Constantinople. It is
believed in military circles that Russia and
Turkey have arrived at an understanding. It
is still hoped that peace will be maintained.
PEBA, April 1.Osman and Raonf Pashas
have become more Russian than English. The
Turkish and Russian soldiers fraternizethe
latter going about Constantinople in uniform
without evoking animosity. If war comes,
England must contemplate the possibility of
having to fight with Turkey and Russia. At
best she would get from Turkey a one-sided
neutrality of little or no substantial use.
CONSTANTINOPLE, April 1.In the event of
war it is expected the Porte will remain passive
and endeavor to make its territory respected,
falling in which the Porte will simplyprotest to
the powers. A report that Ahmed Vefik Effen
di, president of the council of ministers, has
resigned, is contradicted.
LONDON, April 1.A St. Petersburg dispatch
states that Lord Derby's resignation of the
foreign office was a complete surprise, and
caused an immense sensation in official circles.
Lord Derby says the dispatch is reproached for
having misled Russia and England, by going
as far as he did in the direction which ho dis
ROME, April 1.Count Porti, foreign minis
ter, has promised the chamber of deputies to
explain the government's Eastern policyjthe 8th
inst. It it expected he will say observant in
action and neutrality are inexorably Italy's
policy. Home complications and the necessity
of keeping on good terms with Germany and
Austria will keep her quiet.
LONDON, April 1.Lord Beacousfield intends
to move on Monday an address to the crown,
thanking Her Majesty for the message.
A Rome correspondent says a faction hostile
to the Pope is said to exist among the cardinals
headed by Cardinals Berasde, Bilio aud Mar
tineille. They are displeased with the tem
perate tenor of his allocution, the appoint
ment of Cardinal De Pietro as Camerlingo, and
the fact that the Pope has not announced his
accession to the deposed sovereigns.
A Berlin correspondent telegraphs it is be
lieved Prince Bismarck will acquiesce in the
adverse note of the Prussian parliament on
the proposal for creating a ministry of rail
ways which was supported by the Prince, and
.will not dissolve the House.
The Standard understands that the idea of
establishing a depot for naval stores on the
island of Tenedos, for the British fleet, has
been abandoned, so as not to excite foreign
LONDON, April 2.Correspondents at Vienna agree
that there is little doubt that the Grand Duke Nicho
las has been charged to induce the Turks to conclude
an offensive and defensive alliance with Russia in
case of an Anglo-Russian war.
PEBA, April 1.So far the Porte has refused all
proposals for Russian occupation of any of the
heights near the Bosphorus. The Grand Duke
Nicholas has assured the Porte that he will not ad
vance on Custantinople without the sultan's assent.
A Vienna correspondent says Count Andrassy as
sured Brateano, Roumanian premier, that Russia
should under no circumstances keep a military road
open through Roumania for two years.
LONDON, April 2.The Times announces that Mr.
Ogle, its Volo correspondent, has been found dead
near Malrmltza, and there is reason to believe he
was assassinated. An Athens telegram reports Mr.
Ogle was murdered by Turks.
A correspondent at St. Petersburg reports slightly
feeling there. He sajs it is quite possible an
other attempt will be made to come to terms with
England if Austria's demands are as exorbitant as
LONDON, April 1.At Lloyd's, Saturday, war
insurances were five shillings per hundred
pounds on British hulls and cargoes ten to
twenty shillings on Black Sea risks, which are
regarded with great disfavor and half to one
per cent, on Russian hulls.
The Money Market Review, a weekly paper,
directs attention to the fact that Russian ex
change has fallen 11 per cent, the past week,
and that the rouble is now quoted at 21% to 22
pence, a depreciation of about forty-one per
cent, from par, 37 The Money Market
Review concludes: "It is morally certain war
would be immediately followed by Russian
bankruptcy and an entire suspension of pay
ments on the debts."
The admiralty has made urgent requisition
on contractors manufacturing picks and shov
els, and demands to know when they will be
Recruiting officers are experiencing an in
crease of business, and the men coming in are
of a superior class.
It was expected that with the close of the
financial year, March 31, beyond which the six
millions pounds credit does not run, an exten
sive dismissal of extra men from Woolwich
would occur, but the war office has ordered the
extra men to be retained,only suspending over
The decree prohibiting the exportation of
horses from Germany, which was to have been
concelled the first of April, remains in force
until further orders.
LONDON, April 1.It is stated Burdett
Couts is negotiating for land in Osnaburg
street on which she intends to erect lodgings
for the poor capable of accommodating 15,000
persons, at a maximum rent of 4 shillings 6
pence weekly per domicile.
The revenue for the fiscal year ending March
31st, which was exposed to show a considera
ble deficiency, shows a surplus of $308,500.
The Times says this is because of the expecta
tion that some duties would be increased to
meet the demands of the forthcoming budget,
induced extraordinary activity in clearances at
the custom house during the closing weeks of
the year.
A Vienna dispatch says: An exchange of
views has recently been proceeding between the
Austrian and Hungarian governments upon
the expediency of laying stress upon economic
interests of the monarchy in the States of the
Balkan peninsula, the navigation of the Dan
ube, the junction of Austrian railways with
those in adjoining territory, and the consular
and postal services in such territory, under
whatever government. The negotiations are
not concluded, but
tion it is already
way question, it
that the monarchy
regarding the rail-
that the
already agreed
shall energetically
demand the construction of a railway between
Sofia, Nisch and Semlin and the completion of
the Bosnian railway system. This is in conso
nance with the reported decision of the com
mittee of the Austrian general staff. The
treaty of San Stefano would compel Austria to
extend her military power over Servia, Monte
negro, Bosnia and Albania, and apprehensions
of Servia, in regard to that decision may
also explain what Count Andrassy told Gen. Ig
natieff are Austrian interests.
A telegram from Vienna, received in Paris,
states that Count Andrassy told Gen. Ignatieff
that Austrian neutrality, if not co-operative,
might be secured by altering the southwestern
boundary of Bulgaria, so as to make the Otto
man territory continuous and by securing Aus
trian military and commercial supremacy in
Servia, Montenegro, Bosnia, Herzegovina and
A special from Rome sayB the committee of
cardinals appointed to consider the position of
the Catholics iu reference to the parliamentary
elections, have reported that it is the duty of
Cathojics to participate iji the electioUB an4 W at fairs, etc
cept seats in parliament if elected, taking the
usual oathB to the king and parliament, but
pledging themselves not to offend against the
laws of the churoh.
The United States ship, Constitution, from
Philadelphia for Havre, with goods for the
Paris exhibition, arrived at Falmouth.
LONDON, April 1.The report is confirmed
that Gathome Hardjrwill take the India office
and title of Lord Staplehurst and that Mr. F.
A. Stanley will take the secrytaryBhip of war.
ST. PETERSBURG, April 1.The Agenee Russe
says the journals, notably the new Times, far
van a direct understanding with England.
VERSAILLES, April 1.The Chamber of Depu
ties passed the press amnesty bill as amended
by the Senate.
He Will Smash all the National Banks in
Order to Resumei*he Programme of the
Pirate of Finance to Spread Wo and
Desolation, as Told to the House Commit
tee on Banking
WASHINGTON, April 1.The House commit
tee on banking and currency had a long con
ference with the secretary of the treasury on
the subject of the preparations made by the
treasury and national banks to execute the
resumption law. In reply to a question as to
the amount of bonds sold up to the first of
February. 1878, and not paid for, the secretary
said that no bonds were ever delivered until
paid for. Another question by the committee,
was to the usual amount of annual coin liabili
ties. The answer to this v. as, taking the last
fiscal year as a basis,
Coin interest $92,883,431
Amount applied to banking fund,... 447,500
Amount paid for diplomatic services, 755,286
Amount paid for foreign naval ser
vice, 224,124
Amount customs refunded, 524,800
Amount expended for refunding na
tional debt and refining bulhon,&c. 901,192
Total, $102,460,068
Another question by the committee as to the
amount of fractional currency redeemed and
carried to account of sinking fund, and as to
what applications of coin have been made on
account of sinking fund during the current
fiscal year.
Secretary Sherman's reply to this gave the
amount of fractional currency applied to
the sinking fund in 1876, at $7,062,142 in
1877 as $14,043,458, and for the expired portion
of the present fiscal year as $3,382,621, making
a total applied to that fund of $2,448,822.
No coin application had been made to the
sinking fund during the currant fiscal year,
except the redemption of bonds heretofore
called, to the amount of $67,700. In this con
nection, the secretary defined what was meant
by balances in the sinking fund account.
They simply mean the excess or deficit in the
annual payment to the sinking fund, and
which was carried to the debit or credit of
next year's account. An exception to that
rule was made after the panic of 1873, when the
revenues fell off and there was a deficit of
$106,305,000 on the sinking fund. Secretary
Bristow, seeing the probabiliiy of making good
that deficit, dropped it entirely and it was no
longer carried forward in the sinking fund ac
count. Last year the deficit in the sinking
fund had been $9,325,000, simply on account of
the lack of revenue to make it good.
The chairmanOn the whole, however, the
sinking fund has been more than made good
since the act began to operate.
SecretaryYes.fjYou will find a statement
of that in Mr. Morrill's report. The sinking
fund was never kept as an account in the treas
ury department until after the refunding act
of 1870. Up to that time the statement was
made as to how far the sinking fund had been
kept up, and it was found that by the applica
tion of the surplus revenue to the payment of
the debt, we had largely exceeded the stipula
tions of the law to the amount of over $200.-
Farther on in the conference the question of
the sinking fund was taken up by Ewing, and
the proper construction of the law was dis
cussed between him and the secretary, the sec
retary taking the ground that the cancellation
of legal tender notes was virtually a payment
to that amount into the sinking fund, and Sw
ing denying the correctness of that construc
Mr. ChittendenI have prepared four ques
tions in the interest of those whom I represent,
to which I should like to have your answer.
FirstWith silver dollars and silver certifi
cates, full legal tender for all debts, including
customs and the public debt, is not gold prac
tically demonotized, and how will you renew
your supplies or prevent its exclusive use as
merchandize in foreign countries?
SecondIs there no danger that the national
banks, in taking care of themselves, will hoard
greenbacks enough to exhaust your gold re
serves when the day for resumption comes?
ThirdIs it not probable that before you
have coined a hundred million of new silver
dollars, with greater activity in foreign trade,
they will be exported at their bullion value to
settle trade balances, and with what effect
upon the price of silver bullion?
FourthDoes not your success in resuming
com payments with our so-called double
standard, depend absolutely upon an advance
in the prices of silver bullion in London to
about 59 pence sterling per ounce?
I have not spoken with any members of the
committee in framing these questions. They
were framed at my own table, influenced only
by correspondence and by questions asked of
me by those whom I represent.
Secretary ShermanI would a great deal
rather in this conference gyte the committee
facts, and let the committee draw its own in
ferences than attempt to give my own opinion.
But I have no objections to answering those
questions. I think a certain amount
of silver dollars issued will not have
the effect which Mr. Chittenden thinks. I be
lieve we can maintain at par in gold a certain
amount of silver dollars, precisely what
amount I should not like to say, because that
is a question of opinion. But I would have
the idea that we can maintain at par in gold no
less than $50,000,000, perhaps more, say from
$50,000,000 to $100,000,00, but whenever those
silver dollars become so abundant and so bur
densome that the people would not have them
and would not circulate, then, undoubtedly,
they would gradually sink to the value of the
bullion in them. That is my opinion, but I do
not think it wise for either this committee or
myself to discuss this question much, because
the silver bill is a law, and whatever we mayrying
think of its effect, the public mind will not be
satisfied until the law is fairly tried. The effect
of the silver bill is not going to be very rapid,
nor will the fall in silver be anything like so
rapid as is probably feared, and
long before the silver dollar can sink
to the value of silver bullion,
Congress will undoubtedly correct the law if it
were to have that effect-.
If on the other hand, it should have the
effect, which is anticipated, of raising the
price of silver up to the standard of gold, then
Mr. Chittenden need not be afraid. Therefore,
I say, I don't think I ought to give my opinion
farther on that subject.
I have not changed my mind about the silver
bill, although the newspapers sometimes say I
have. I think, as a matter of policy, a silver
bill which makes silver available to pay bonds
issued by the United States, either before or
after the refunding or resumption -acts, is not
good policy. I have stated it over and over again
publicly, and I do not deny it, but the silver
bill is the law. We are not infallible. It
cannot operate quickly in that way, and there
fore, we had better give it the full benefit of an
experiment, i.i the certainty that if Congress
finds that it has the effect which is now antici
pated, Congress can. at any moment stop the
issue of silver dollars. I think that is as far as
I ought to answer these questions.
Mr. ChittendenIt is not my object to em
barrass the secretary in any way on these ques
The chairmanThe secretary ~is of opinion
"that sufficient to the day is the evil thereof
that.we will take care of the present, and let
the future take care of itself.
&i& 1
Barns having been handicapped in the
Eastern circuit, bis owner, it is reported,will
send him West to pick up shekf}s in trotUnj
*N- Senate.
Two Northern Faclflc Bills in the Senate
Bill Day in fh House, Including Two
Financial Schemes, and to Prohibit Sub
letting of Postal Contract*--Public Debt
Statement, Accompanied by an Interest
ing Comparison with Last YearMiscel
laneous News.'
WASHINGTON, April 2.Senator Ifttchellfrom
the committee on railroads, reported a bill to
extend for eight years the time for completing
the Northern Pacific railroad. Placed on the
calendar. VW""**r
Senator Windom dissented from the report
and introduced another bill. Referred to the
committee on railroads.
Senator Conkling submitted a resolution
directing the judiciary committee to inquire
whether any portion of the New York postoffice
is unlawfully occupied, and directing the
secretary of the treasury to take no action
pending said inquiry.
Senator Chnstiency, from the committee on
revision of the laws, reported a resolution to
provide for a new edition of the revised stat
utes, and for a perfected index of the fifst vol
ume. Agreed to.
Senator fidmuttds offered a joint resolution
providing for the safe keeping in the State de
partment of records, of the committee on elec
toral count. Laid over until to-morrow.
Senator Ingalls introduced a bill to levy a
tax on spirituous and malt liquors in the dis
trict of Columbia by the introduction of the
Moffatt bell punch. Referred.
The bill appropriating $15,000 for filling up
the low grounds south of the capitol, passed.
The bill to regulate the advertising of mail
lettings, and for other purposes, was taken up,
after the adoption of sundry amendments,
Senator Eaton, from the committee on ap
propriations, to-day made a report of the re
salt of investigations into the Freedmen's hos
pital, which is concurred in by the entire com
mittee. The committee examined all the
charges made against the management of the
institution, and say in conclusion they per
sonally inspected the books and accounts made
of purchases, the treatment of patients, &c,
and believe the business of the government at
the hospital is transacted with entire honesty
and economy, and that the affairs of the hos
pital are well conducted under its present man
The Senate, in executive session, confirmed
the following nominations: Consuls: O.
Bullock, af Indiana, at Cologne E. S. Oppen
heim, of New York, at Gottenberg. Postmaster:
G. W. McAdam, Mount Pleasant, Iowa.
The Senate, by a vote of 27 against 14, re
jected the nomination of Alexander T. Reed,
to be postmaster at Toledo, O. A motion to
reconsider the vote, whereby the nomination
of R. M. Reynolds, to be first auditor of the
treasury, was rejected.
The motion by Senator Paddock was with
drawn, and the nomination stands rejected.
At the expiration of the morning hour Sen
ator Beck took the floor in advocacy of the ju
diciary committee's Pacific railroad funding
Senator Beck said the first mortgage bonds
would, before maturity, be in the hands of the
directors and stockholders of those roads. The
roads would be sold to satisfy the first mortgage
bonds, and thesp directors and stockholders
would, by foreclosure and sale, possess them
selves of the road with the claim of the govern
ment wiped out. Congress was here to make
laws and not to entertain proposals for bargains.
Unless steps were taken now to secure the in- iiea^uS debt' for
terest of the government the property* would
be divided among the stockholders and there
would be nothing lefUto the government. The
bill of the judiciary committee, he maintained,
contained nothing which violated the right of
contract. A change in the tariff or revenue
laws, was just as much a violation of the right
of contract as the provisions of the bill. The
right reserved to alter, amend or repeal, was
part of the original contract, and was as valid
as any other part of the contract. Congress
had the power originally, and having made the
reservation in express terms, the power had not
been parted with, and remaining with the gov
ernment, such powers could not, therefore,
become vested in any other body.
The funding bill was then temporarily laid
aside, and on motion of Coke the bill amend
ing section 1661, title 16, of the revised stat
utes, relative to the issue of arms to the
militia of the several States, was taken up.
Mr. Coke said the bill was originally introduced
by him, and was in the exact words of the act
of April 23d, 1808, except the appropriation of
$260,000 for arming the militia. It was raised
to one million. The military committee had
added sections providing that the arms should
remain the property of the United States, and
an annual report of their condition should
be made, and imposeng liabilities for their
loss or damage beyond the ordinary wear. He
now proposed an additional amendment per
mitting the states to select the style of arms
they thought best for the militia of their re
spective states.
Senator Morrill proposed an amendment to
reduce the amount $200,000. He thought the
rest of the bill very proper.
Pending further consideration of the bill,
Senator Whyte moved to go into executive
Senator Davis, West Virginia, demanded the
ayes and nayB, and the motion was agreed to,
yeas 31 nays 15, and the senate went into execu
tive session, and when the doors reopened ad
journed. -5
House of Representatives.
WASHINGTON, April 1.Bills introduced and
By Mr. StephensFor the financial relief of
the country, and to aciliate the return to specie
payments without injuriously affecting the
commercial business of the people. It directs
the secretary of the treasury, when the amount
of coin aud bullion in the treasury shall exceed
$100,000,000, to redeem the present outstanding
United States legal tender notes when presented
in soms of $1,000 and upward, with coin of the
full standard value.
By Mr. MoneyTo regulate contracts for car
the mails. I provides that when any
contractor shall sublet his contract, the post
master general shall cancel snch contract and
make anew contract at rates not to exceed the
old one, and defines the sub-letting as the em
ployment by any contractor of any person to
perform service at his own expense and covers
no part of the service being borne by such con
By Mr. BrightTo prevent the reduction of
national currency by fraudulently withdrawing
legal tender notes from circulation.
By Mr. FullerDeclaring the waters of the
Hot Springs of Arkansj| forever free to the
By Mr. WiUiams,of MichiganGranting juris
diction to the court of claims of officers and
soldiers of the late war.
By Mr. Martin, by requestTo establish and
maintain sbeedy communication with neigh
boring republics, colonies and islands.
By Mr. HarrisonTo provide for a more ef
ficient civil service in the United States.
By Mr. White, Pa,Making an appropriation of
$300,000 for making of slack water navigation
in the Kiskimit, Conemaugh and Allegheny
rivers, in Pennsylvania. Also, a joint resolu
tion proposing an amendment to the constitu
tion, requiring the presentation of all claims
agreeably to the provisions of law within six
years, and providing that when rejected by
Congress or a department, they shall not again
ber presented until after the lapse of six years.
By Mr. CravensContinuing until Feb. 1st,
1879, the term of office of the Hot Springs
Mr. Singleton, from the appropriation com
mittee reported a bill providing for a deficiency
in the appropriation tor public printing and
binding for the present fiscal year.
Mr. Willis, N. Y., offered a resolution calling
on the secretary of war for information as to
the name, age and general capacity of the
or thereabouts, and the name of the agent to
whom the money wan paid. Adopted.
Mr. Hartsell introduced a joint resolution
proposing an amendment to the constitution
forbidding assumption on payment of claims
for losses growing out of the destruction of
property within the limits of States engaged in
the rebellion. Referred.
Mr. Durham reported back from the com
mittee on appropriations the bill providing for
temporary clerks in the treasury department,
and for deterring trespassers on public lands,
recommending concurrence in the Senate
amendment which provides that no money ap
propriated by the bill shall be used to collect
any charge for wood or timber cut on public
lands of territories for use of actual settlers
and not exported from the territories, and non
concurrence in all other Senate amendments
with the exception of the amendment appro
priating $12,000 for additional clerks in the
surgeon general's office, which was concurred
in yeas 184. nays 41.
Notwithstanding the negative recommenda
tion of the committee, Mr. Cummings moved
to suspend the rules and pass the bill providing
that all pensions on account of death or
wounds received, or disease contracted in the
service of the United States during the late
war, which have been granted or may hereafter
be granted, shall commence from the date of
death or discbarge from the service of the
United States, for the payment of arrears of
pension and repealing ^ection 4,717 revised
statutes, which provide4*that no claim for pen
sions not prosecuted to a successful issue with
in five years from the date of filing the same,
shall be admitted without record evidence from
the war or navy department. Defeatedyeas
145, nays 76, not two-thirds voting in the affirm
ative. The House then took a recess until
7:30, the evening session to be for debate only.
Public Debt Statement.
WASHINGTON, April 1.The following is the
public debt statement for March:
Six per cent, bonds $738,620,200
Five per cent, bonds 703,266,660
Four and a half per cents 200,000,000
25,116,000 16,960,115 57,883,400
Four per cent, bonds
Total coin bonds
Lawful money debt
Matured debt
Legal tenders
Certificates deposit
Fractional currency
Coin certificates
Total without interest
Total debt
Total interest
Cash in treasuryCoin
Currency Currency held for redemp
tion fractional currency 10,000,000
Special deposit held for re
demptiom certificates de
Total in treasury
Debt less cash in treasury
Decrease of debt during month of
Decrease since June 30, 1877
Bonds issued to Pacific railroad, inter
est payable in lawful money, princi
pal outstanding
Interest accrued and not yet paid
Interest paid by United States
Interest paid by transportation of
mails, &c
Balance interest paid by United States.
The following is a comparison of the condi
tion of the treasury April 1, 1877, and April 1,
1878 Balances, currency
Special fund for redemp-
tion fractional currency
Special deposit legal ten
ders for redemption cer
tificates of deposit
Coin. Coin certificates
Coin less coin certificates.
Outstanding called bonds
Other outstanding com lia
Outstanding legal tenders
Outstanding fractional ci.r
Outstanding silver coin
Total debt less cash in
%f W.,A ^-a"- jh Hf^O^
20,434,708 64,623,612
1877. 1878.
751,851 8,184,863
35,155,000 86,818,285 48,279,400 38,538,885
57,883,400 80,474,208
6,786,028 4,643,276
362,656,204 347,848,712
23,440,512 29,937,001
16,950,115 35,662,487
4,107,016 2,313,614
Reduction of debt since
July 1 24,765,218
Market value of gold 195
Imports 12 months ending
Feb. 28 420,199,831
Exports 12 months ending
Feb. 28 603,631,538
The reduction of the debt for March and
since July 1, 1877, includes $9,553,800 Geneva
award bonds cancelled.
475,638,634 637,757,892
Legal Tender Circulation.
WASHINGTON, April 1.The bill introduced in
the House to-day by Representative Bright pro
vides that if any national bank shall aid and
abet any person or corporation, or if any
ficer of such bank shall certify any check, hav
ing a reasonable cause to believe that the check
is to be used to aid and abet any person or cor
poration in any attempt to withdraw from cir
culation, or retain legal tender notes in any
bank or elsewhere, for the purpose of rais
ing the rate of interest on the
money, or to affect the price
of any article to be sold, or causing any change
in the money market by the use of such means,
such national bank shall forfeit its chater and
the officers so offending shall be punished by
imprisonment in the penitentiary for five
years and a fine of not less than $1,000, and it
shall be the duty of the controller of the cur
rency to prosecute any violation of this act be
fore any court of the United States having
competent jurisdiction to try such offense.
Hayes Guessing Close.
rteamsMp purchased of Marshall Roberts, of the year 1876 and who left their-knds
WASHINGTON, April 1.Several gentlemen
who called on the President to-day having in
cidentally alluded to the position of Repub
lican Senators toward him, he replied he sup
posed there was a bitter feeling among them,
as from what he could hear] tkey had recently
given expression to their views concerning
him. Especially, he thought, Senator Howe
felt better after the delivery of his speech.
The President does not seem in the least dis
turbed by the adverse criticisms, placing him
self on the ground that he is acting accord
ance with his sense of right.
Currency Re-Issue.
WASHINGTON, April 1.Secretary Sherman
was before the committee on banking and cur
rency to-day by invitation. In the course of
his statement he claimed that after resumption
of specie payments, he will have authority to
re-issue $300,000,000 of United States notes
under authority of the existing law of 1873,
contained in the revised statutes relative to the
reissue of United States, notes received for
WASHINGTON, April 1.The President has
nominated Joshua G. Hall, United States
attorney for New Hampshire Milton J. Wil
liamson, United States marshal for the district
of Delaware Dewitt Clinton Baker, Collector
of Internal Revenue for the third district of
Texas Robert A. Sidebotham, secretary of
the territory of Idaho. Boyd H. McEckron,
register of the land office at Concordia, Kansas.
Consulting Naturalist.
WASHINGTON, April 1.Senator Edmunds in
troduced a bill to-day providing for the ap
pointment of a consulting naturalist to be at
tached to the department to investigate the
following subjects: The better preservation
of army and navy stores. The cause, preven
tion and removal of infectious and parasite
diseases of men and animals, such as diphtheria,
the Texan cattle fever and hog cholera, and to
conduct such other investigations as may lead
to the destruction of the cotton worm, the
weevil, the Colorado beetle, the grasshopper and
thecnriculo. He is also to set on foot an in
vestigation looking to the efficient preservation
of butter, cheese, eggs and fruit. This new
officer is to be appointed by the President, sub
ject to confirmation by the Senate.
Homestead Settlers."
WASHINGTON, April 1.Senator McMillan to
day introduced a bill providing that it shall be
lawful for homestead settlers whose crops were
destroyed or seriously injured by grasshoppers
iin the year 1876,, and who left their-lands
15, with the amount paid therefor in lg62,1 aid year,to return thereto withinthree mopths1'full with alight Democratic gains in themajorities, council.
ift/USf-n, 7
from the enactment of this bill and perfect
their settlement, provided, that no other set
tlement shall have been made thereon and no
right or interest acquired thereon by any other
person since the date of abandonment.
Civil Service Commission.
WASHnraxojr, April 1.The bill introduced
in the House to-day by Mr. Harrison, to pro
vide for a more efficient civil service in the
United States, provides that from and after the
passage of the act, there shall be created anew
department of the United States government,
to be called the department of civil service, to
consist of five commissioners, who shal,l*88an not be
appointed from anhy one political party. The
term of officreIshall expire respectively on the
Wl. At the first meeting of the commissioners
they shall draw by lot for their respec
tive terms, and the commissioner
drawing the. shortest term shall be the head
of the department, and thereafter the com
missioner holding the shortest term shall be
Buch head. On the expiration of the term of
office of any commissioner, or in case of death,
the term of office of the commissioner ap
pointed to fill such vacancv shall exnire two
years after the expiration of the term of the
commissioner then holding the longest term.
Sfn"^fS iSn
$^S 5
1882, '84 '86
shall be $5,000 per annum, and of each com
missioner $4,000. It shall be the duty of said
board to prescribe the qualifications requisite
for appointment into the several branches of
the civil service, and to examine all applicants
for appointment The biU further provides
that no assessment shall be levied upon any
officer of the United States for political pur
poses, and the payment of any such assessment
shall be cause for immediate dismissal from
aervioe. i
Business Firms and Financial Institutions
Go Down Under the Pressure.
BOSTON, April 1.Manning 4 Sears, cotton
dealers, reported failed. Liabilities $200,000.
The concern will pay 50 cents on the doUar
and resume.
CONCORD, N. H., April 1.The trustees of
the Warner savings bank ask authority to with
hold 25 per cent, of the deposits, owing to a
heavy run.
PEOBIA, UL, April 1.An application for a
receiver for the P. P. & J. railway, has been
made before Judge Cochrane, of the circuit
court, and John Allen, president of the road,
appointed. He enters upon his duties to-day.
NEW YORK, April 1.Joseph Foulds & Sons,
shipping and commission merchants, 25 Beaver
street, suspended to-day. Liabilities estimated
at $450,000. The concern is one of the oldest
and best known in their line in the city, and
carried on an extensive and profitable business
mainly with the West Indies, where nearly all
the creditors reside. The assets are large,
chiefly book accounts, merchandise and mort
gages on sailing vessels. The suspension was
precipitated by the sudden demand made upon
the firm by some of their correspondents in the
West Indies.
NEW YOBK, April 1.The Bulletin says:
Rooth 4 Eager, well known sugar refiners,
100 Wall street, have failed with liabilities
variously estimated from $500,000 to $750,000.
The business manager said he could not tell
with any degree of accuracy what the liabilities
would amount to, bat they were undoubtedly
heavy, over half a million. The assets con
sisted of sugar house property and other real
estate together with the stock, and sufficient
would no doubt be realized to pay all creators
in full.
The Farce of Trial Completed and Tom
Anderson, the Returning Board Forsrer
NEW ORLEANS, April 1.The supremo court
to-day made the following order in the Ander
son case. It is ordered and decreed that a re
hearing is refused, and that our judgment stand
undisturbed. Mr. Castellanas, one of Ander
son's counsel, immediately went with a certi
fied copy of toe decree before Judge Whitaker
who at once ordered the release of Anderson
from the parish prison. About 12.30 General
Anderson was released.
In his decision, announcing the refusal, the
chief justice pointed out clearly and distinctly
what the court did decide in its opinion, and
also reviewed and refuted the points raised by
the attorney general in his brief, filed as the
basis of his application for a rehearing. The
court says that in its first decision it was not
decided whether the consolidated statement of
returns for the parish of Vernon was a public
or not, as it was not necessary to decide
that point. The court did decide, as that
record was offered in evidence as the record
forged by the prisoner, is not a public record,
and does not possess the requirements of such
records nor conform to the statute. It has not
the certificate of the clerk of the court, a neces
sary requnement in order to make it such a
record as is charged the prisoner forge**
Fluctuations Caused by European Advices,
Closing With Slightly JUwe Price*.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
CHICAGO, April 1.The excited condition of
the grain market which has prevailed in this
city since the reception of reports leading to
the belief that England and Russia wonld en
gage in warfare, settled down somewhat to-day,
and the market proved weak and unsettled.
The closing figures were a shade lower than on
Saturday. At the opening of the market May
wheat was quoted at $1.10)^, and under a tem
porary feeling occasioned by the certainty of
the delivery of the Queen's message to parlia
ment, calling out the military and naval forces,
went up to $1.12, when the market suffered a
depression on account of the reception of in
telligence that consuls were four (4) points
higher. This made values easier for a time,
when another cablegram announcing
a decline in consols rallied
the market somewhat, and the option sold up
to $1.12^" No. 2 spring closed lea bushel low
er for immediate and Js"@Jc lower for future
delivery. Sales were at $1.12@$1.12K for gilt
edge receipts, $1.10^ seller April, and $1.12)^
seller May. Corn fell %@3^c, and No. 2 closed
at 42J^c cash or seller the month 43%@43%c
seller June, and 43%@44c seller July. Oats
were %@lc lower.
E3T*Associated press markets third page.
Cardinal McCloskey has left Rome for
The fancy goods weavers in the Chase mill,
Fall River, Mass.. struck yesterday morning,
claiming the cut down should only aoDly to
print goods.
The coinage of the United States mint, Phil
adelphia, during March was $39,220 gold pieces,
1,153,700 silver, including 1,001,550 new silver
dollars, and 600 base coin, representiw* valu
ation of $1,750,328.
The Pennsylvania supreme court has affirmed
the decision of the Schuylkill county esurt in
passing the death sentence on Dennis Etmmelly,
aMolHe Maguire. Donnelly's execution has
already been fixed for the 18th of tW ontb,
with Jack Kehoe, at Pottsville.
The operatives of the Methuen juto mills at
Lawrence, Mass., to the number of 200, struck
yesterday morning. A short time ago the
wages were wduced, since which time the oper
atives state they have been obliged to do
double work. The mill is shut down. The
strikers were quite demonstrative.
f'^ Ohio Charter Elections.
CINCINNATI, April 2.The election in this
city to-day passed off quietly. Returns at 1
A. M. indicate the election of Baker, Republi
can, over Wolf, Democrat, for member of the
board of public works, and Harmon. Demo
crat, over Tilden, for judge of the supreme
court. C. W. Baker, Democrat, probaly elected
county solicitor.
COLUMBUS, O., April 2.The city elections
passed oyer very quietly. A larger vote than
usual was polled. Full returns are not yet in,
but election of the
Democrati ticket th Democraticticketbytheeusuall
the usua majoritj
And Thus Removes Her Case from Earthly
TribunalsRespect for the Feelings of
Her Grandchildren, and Fears as To The
Scope of the Prosecution Pending: the
Cause of the Bash Act^-A Carrins^nlfe
the Weapon and a Bath Tub Her Death
BedOther Criminal Matters.
N OT YORK, April 1.The police were startled
by an announcement that the well known
Madame ResteU had been found dead, early
this morning, in a bath room in her mansion
on Fifth avenue. Ex-Jndge Stewart, of the
district attorney's office, was called by the
woman,s family, at an early hour, and in
formed that she retired late last night, feeling
very despondent about her trial, which was to
have taken place to-day. She rose in the night
and went intothe bath room,where she fell dead.
The madam stated to a friend last night that
she did not care what might be the result
of the trial, so far as she, herself, was con
cerned. She only cared for the reputation and
feelings of her grand-children. The case was
called in court to-day and adjourned.
NEW YORK, April 1.Madame ResteU com
mitted suicide by cutting her throat with a
earring knife. Bhe was found in a bathtub,
which was filled with water.
Dr. Cushman, the coroner's physician, ex*
amined the body and found a deep gash had
beep cut across the front of the throat, sever
ing the Jugular veill an
gn ca
right side of the neck] a littlaeB below. Th gash
indicates that the first attempt had beet
effectual. It was the doctor's opinion death
was caused almrst instantly. The knife was a
long carving knife which was used on Madame
Restell's table, and which she is believed to
have taken up stairs and secreted in her room
last night. The water had been left running
in the bath tub, and had run so long that the
tank above was exhausted. The overflow had
passed off through the waste pipe, and hence
there was but little blood in the water which
still filled the tub. The body was cold, and it
was evident that the woman had been there
some hours. Ever since her arrest she had
manifested great fear and anxiety on account of
the belief that the prosecution intends to bring
in the charges against her in reference to an
old case. This belief bad taken such possession
of her it almost
The members of her family say she was very
nervous all day yesterday, and showed symp
toms of mental derangement. The suicide was
discovered at about 8 this morning, by the ser
vant girl, and her screams alarmed the other
occupants of the house who were, in addition
to the servants, Madame Restell's daughter,
grand-son and grand-daughter, and the latter's
husband. The daughter lives in Harlem, but
came to the house to visit her mother this
morning before the suicide was discovered.
The court room was crowded in anticipation
of the trial of the notorious woman, but before
the case was called, telegrams announcing her
death were read, and the judge ordered a post
ponement till to-morrow, remarking he could
hardly believe any one would trifle with the
court in Buch a serious matter.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 1.Geo. W. Abbott,
broker, who absconded some weeks ago, a de
faulter to the amount of $50,000, was brought
back under charge of the officers of the steamer
Georgia, which arrived yesterday, and was
handed over to the authorities.
BOSTON, April 1.Hugh Reed was fatally in
jured yesterday by Wm. Burns, at the house of
the former. The quarrel arose from a difference
about the ownership of a dollar bill.
Preparing for the Funeral.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
MINNEAPOLIS, April 2.After the temperance
meeting last night, when it became known also
how enthusiastic Glenn's friends were, a num
ber of Republicans, who have been professing
to be quite confident of Rand's elec
tion, showed signs of weakening,
and a secret meeting was held to discuss the
situation. It was generally conceded that the
outlook for Rand was a dismal one, and it was
proposed to decide -by lot whether .Lawrence
should be withdrawn in Rand's favor, or vice
versa. Some of the leading prohibitionist*""
were consulted, bat were not
disposed to compromise. The situation
finally became decidedly warm, and had not an
adjournment been effected, a clash was immi
Another secret meeting is being held, the
party present being made up from those at
tending the first. They are more successful in
concealing their doings, although evidently
wrangling. What the upshot will be, no one
can conjecture.
The Supreme Court Asked to Beview the
Title of His Fraudulency.
ANNAPOLIS, Md., April 1.The joint resolution of
Montgomery Blair instructing the attorney general
of this State to exhibit a bill in the supreme court of
the United States on behalf of the State of Maryland,
praying a judicial review of the electoral count,
and which passed the House of Delegates March 28th,
and was passed by the Senate to-day, 14 Senators
voting yea. The Legislature willl adjourn sin* 'he
at midnight.
American Horses for England.
CHICAGO, April 1.It is stated two English
gentlemen are in the city and have agents
throughout the West for the purpose of buying
20,000 horses, ostensibly for street cars
in Scotland and England, but judging
from the character of the animals they select,
they are intended rather for active movements
than for draft purposes. They have bought
500 here, and will begin to ship within two
Mixed Election at Winona.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
WINONA, April 1.At the city election here
to-day the Republicans elected three aldermen,
one justice, Mackay, one school director. The
Democrats elected one aldermen, one justice,
and three school directors. The proposition
for $30,000 ferry bonds received a large major
ity in the city. Vote very light.
Over Niagara Falls.
NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y., April 1.Pat and John
Reilly, brothers, of Chippewa, Ont., started
this afternoon to return in a row boat from
this side. When half over it was noticed that
they were in trouble, as if an oar was broken.
They were too far down to render any assis
tance, and they went over horse-shoe falls, just
outside of the Three Sister's islands.
English Cabinet Appointments.
LONDON, April 2.The following appointments
are officially confirmed The Marquis of Salisbury,
secretary of state for the foreign department Bight
Hon. Oathorne Hardy, secritaryof state for India
Hon. Fred. K. A. Stanley, secretary of state for war
Sir Henry Serwin Jobbatson, secretary to tothe treas
ury, in place of Stanley.
A bill has been introduced in the National
House providing for the manufacture of whole
some vinegar. This would seem to indicate
that the average statesman is seriously contem
plating changing his drinks.
Bumor has it that Dan Mace has a green,
trotter in training whichheproposesto bring
out this season in the high classes. It is
also said he will enter him at all the meet
ings in thebig circuit from the 3:00 down to
the 2:40 classes, and that, like St. Julian, he
will sweep all before him. Allthat is known
of this nonpareil is that he is a brown horse,
without a record, with a long, open stride,
ana as fleet as a deer. Look for him.
J,.' 1

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