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title: 'Daily globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, April 18, 1878, Image 2',
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BY H. P. HAU.
NO. 17, WABA8HAW 8TBEET, 8T. PAUL.
Terms of Subscription to the Daily Globe.
Bv Ca rler, per month 85c I By Mail, per month. 'Sc
8 months $2 50 3 months .$225
6months.. 5 00 6months.. 410
12 months..10U0\ "12months.. 8X0
TUG SUNDAY GLOBE.
THE GLOBE will be furnished every day in the
week to city subscribers at 86 cento per month or $10
By mail the SUNUAT GLOBE will be one dollar per
year in addition to the rate given above for mall
THIS "WEEKLY GLOBE.
The WEEKLY GLOBE is a mammoth sheet, exactly
double the size of the Daily. It is Just the paper
for the nreside,containing in addition to allthe current
news, ohoice miscellany, agricultural matter, market
reports, &c. It is furnished to single subscribers at
J1.50 per year. Clubs of five (address to one per
son) for $1.15 each.
Postage prepaid by the publisher on all editions.
All mail subscriptions payable invariably in advance.
Daily Globe Advertising Rates.
Fourth Page 5 cents per line every insertion.
Third Pago 5 cents per line for the first week. All
subsequent insertions 3 cents per line.
Display Advertising (on Fourth Page only) double
above rates. All Advertising is computed as Non
pareil, 10 lines to an inch.
Reading Matter Notices, First, Second and Fourth
Pages, 25 cents per line.
fading Matter Notices, Third Page, 20 cente per
"Efecial Locals," Second Page, 15 cents per line.
The GLOBE offers no yearly space, but proposes to
oharge by the line for the space occupied, and the
charge for the last day will be the name as for the
first, no matter how many insertions are made.
Kates are fixed exceedingly low, and no charge is
made for changes, as it is preferable to have new
matter every day if possible.
Minneapolis Office, 213 Hennepin avenue, up
ST. PAUL, THURSDAY, APRIL, 18. 1878.
SENATOK CONKLING'S utteiances as given in
yesterday's GLOBE, were not remarkable save
in the fact of their publicity. The Senator
virtually concedes their correctness in the
statement published this morning, but
claims that the sentiments were expressed in
private conversation. "Whether the Senator
is a victim of misplaced confidence or not,
does not affect the subject matter of his sen
timents. He expressed supreme contempt
for "that man Hayes" and admitted that he
was seated by fiaud and conniption. Every
Republican in the land knows that this is
BEECIIEJi'S DENIAL AND ELIZA
Moved by the divine impulse of mother,
Elizabeth has confessed the act of adultery
with Henry Ward Beecher. While the state
ment of this weak, vacil lating woman, by
itself, might not cairy much weight, when
coupled with Beecher's own sayings and
writings, it becomes almost invincible.
Beecher cannot plead his life in denial of
the indictment, because his life, character
and reputation are the very matters in issue.
He has denied the act of adultery, from be
ginning to end, but yet confessed all the sur
rounding cucumstances. The circumstances
were susceptiblo of proof the act itself, like
murder and assassination, had, and could
have but two witnesses.
Words fail the pen to review, becomingly,
this great blander on humanity. Henry
Waid Beecher, as their pastor, married The
odore Tilton and Elizabeth Moise. They
were young members of his chuich, mem
bers of his Sunday school, worshipped more
as his congregation, with very few excep
tions, has always doneBeecher, than they
did or do God. The powerful intellect, im
mense physical force, and brilliant endow
ments, together with the magnetism of
genius enabled Beecher to rule Plymouth
church as a clencal autocrat.
Coming from the West, although
born of New England ascetism, a pooi
young Congiegational preacher, he rose to
be the rival of the best actor on the New
York stage, and sunk into the mountebank
of the pulpit. He became a political
haranguer, and prostituted his divine pro
fessed mission to debauch the children of
his own church. When confronted, in
his own house, by Theodore Tilton, in
the presence of Frank Moulton,
he begged for mercy, he prayed for an inter
view with the ruined wife, and was accom
panied, in sympathetic confidence, to the
door by his bosom fiiend. He wrought fiom
that weak, sick woman a denial of her guilt.
Supposing Beecher guilty, could he not have
forced her to shield him? Could he not
have persuaded her to deny the guilt
in order to shield herself and
himself? He did do it, and then
sneaked out into the storm, dodging, in the
darkness, the betrayed husband, and injured
friend, to parade, thereafter, the written de
nial of the weak and guilty wife to separ
ate that wife from her husband, from her
children, from her once bright and happy
home, to become the debauchee of Plymouth
chuich and then to save his own spotless
robes, he forsook her and left her to starve
or die in poverty and disgrace.
No wonder that the poor woman has
turned upon this man and fastened, with the
marks of Cain, the deep damnation on his
Dr. T. M. Gossard, presiding elder of the
Methodist church, with rare discretion, and
much forbearance, writes a public letter in
reference to the case of Klepper, the pardon
broker of the State penitentiary, at Still
water. It was the duty and solemn obliga
tion of Elder Gossard to state the
whole truth. He knows that Elepper
13 guilty, and there is no use in parading
the certified testimony of "Judge Butts."
The specifio charge against Klepper is and
was, that he used his position as Chaplain in
the pardon brokerage business. That was
the charge. The specification was, that he
reoeived $200, on a particular occasion, in
this line of Christian duty. There are other
charges. The testimony of Butts,
as published by Dr. Gossard, has this extent
and no more:"that the Governor and
members of the Legislature have taken ar
ticles and letters from and to prisoners,
without the consent of the warden." What
has this to do with Klepper?
This leads us to remark, that neither the
Governor, nor the Lieutenant Governor, nor
a member of the Legislature has any more
rights, in this regard, than the humblest
and poorest citizen of the State,
and to remark further, that we are painfully
surprised, that Dr. Gossard, who is regarded
as an able Christian minister, among his
own people, and a gentleman outside, should
hesitate to expose the sin, wickedness and
ungodliness of this Stillwater putrefaction.
Xt is rotten) rotten is no name for
while no one can fail to appreciate the extreme
sensitiveness of Elder Gossard, h* should
discard all other considerations, when called
upon, as a citizen, divested of his ministerial
capacity, and discharging the solemn duty of
citizenship, to protect the integrity, the
honor and honesty of his State, although in
the patriotic effort, the walls of the peniten
tiary, at Stillwater, should fall as did the
walls of Jericho on the advance of Joshua.
A WILFUL FALSIFIER EXPOSED.
After three day'S stubythe Dispatch ventures
to attempt a puerile reply to the GLOBE'S expo
sure of its vindictive and malicious treatment
of A. P. Tukey because he has the temerity to
sell school books cheaper than the Merrill mo
nopoly offer them. The brilliancy of the Dis
patch us manifested by its little chronological
table, which is as follows:
March 29, 1878, Tukey's postal card is dated.
April 1, 1878, the copy in our possession is
April 5,1878, the Dispatch commented on it.
April 9,1878, the opinion of the attorney
general, now printed, was given.
Whatever the date of the formal opinion may
have been, the decision was made previous to
the issue of the postal card in question, as
the following letter of March 26th will show:
ST. PAUL. March 26, 1878.
D. C. Evans, Treasurer of Blue Earth County.
SIB: Yours of March 22d has been submit
ted to the attorney general. He decides that
'money withheld by county treasurers to reim
burse the county for money advanced by the
county to the State to the use of school dis
tricts in the county, does not belong to the dis
trict. The districts have incurred a debt for
which the county is responsible to the State,
and instead of the money retained by the
treasurer, the districts have its equivalent in
text book*. The money so retained is taken
into account in the settlement, and the balance
after deducting this amount is paid over to the
district treasurer." By this decision he recon
ciles the text book law, sections 2 and 3, with
68 section of the new tax law. Respectfully
yours, D. BCBT, Supt. Pub. Inst.
This settles the chronological question in a
manner which knocks the props from under a
mendacious newspaper, and the fact that the
postal card offers books at $5.14 per Bet deliv
ered, as against $5.37 from Merrill, settles the
question of price.
The GLOBE has only noticed this affair as a
matter of fair play, the assault on Mr. Tukey
having been so indecent and outrageous. And
now, having so fully exposed his assailant, we
leave the disreputable affair to continue its
falsehoods ad libitum.
The Winona fire department parades May
The Herald is the official paper of Winona
Bishop Whipple arrived at home (Fari
bault) from Florida, Monday.
Sauk Rapids is afflicted with tramps, and
pronounces Ihem a nuisance.
A barge was loaded with wheat at Taylors
Falls, the shipment being the first, in bulk,
from that place.
Ellison's hotel, at Minneiska, was burned
last Saturday morning. Loss, $4,000 in
A stock company recently organized at St.
Cloud is erecting buildings for a general
The house of Charles A. Sheridan, near
Hazel Lake, Swift county, was robbed last
week and then burned.
Patrick Byrnes, of Faribault, formerly
sheriff of Bice county, died Tuesday morn
ing from an appolectic fit.
There were 481 entries of public lands at
the Detriot land office in the quarter ending
March 31st, embracing 88,940 acres of land.
Maj. Dike, of Faribault, has returned
from the Hot Springs, Arkansas, benefited
in health by two months' sojourn at the
One of the numerous passages in Burn
ham's cave, at Plainview, has been followed
five hundred feet, without reaching its ter
Miss Eva Jones, school teacher in Lanes
boro, had a narrow escape from drowning
last week. She fell from a bridge, and when
rescued, was already insensible.
Judge Crosby has concluded to serve out
his term as judge of the first district, in
stead of resigning, as he recently intended,
and will also accept a re-election.
Three boys, with horse fiddles, stationing
themselves half a mile apait, and sawing
their well rosined fiddles, have given Ra
venna, Dakota county, a ghost scare.
"Dutch Frank," leaving Detroit to become
a healty, happy Deutsche granger down in
Becker county, extended his hands to his
friends and said, "Veil, off I dvn'd come
The annual graduating exercises of the
Normal School, at Winona, will take place
May 8th. The address to the class will be
delivered by President Folwell, of the State
The Winona police are as yet unable to
discover enough evidence to justify an
arest of John Housel, late policeman of that
city, who is accused by his wife of murder
ing an unkfiown person last October.
The liquor dealers or Winona being re
quired to take out licenses from the city at
$500 each, have employed counsel and pro
pose to test the legality of the special act
under which the new license is demanded.
George M. C. Brackett died at Farmington,
Sunday. He was the oldest brother of E. L.
Brackett, of Farmington, and W. M. Brack
ett, of Minneapolis, was some years ago a
contractor on the Northern Pacific, and has
since been engaged in business at Chicago.
The next monthly fair day at many mar
ket towns will be May 4th. Towns in the
same neighborhood, for the convenience of
stock dealers, should choose^ifferent weeks
in the month for their fair days. They
would thus draw more buyers and make
their fairs more popular.
Hans Hanson, a farmer, of Homer, Win
ona county, committed suicide by hanging
last week. He came to America from Nor
way twenty three years ago, and had lived in
Homer thirteen years. threatened to
hang himself three or four years ago,
the immediate cause was hard drinking.
The spring term of the Normal school at
Mankato closed Friday last. The graduat
ing class numbers 26 persons19 ladies and
7 gentlemen. In the course of his address
at closing, Prof. John stated that only about
eight per cent, of those attending the school
continue their studies long enough to grad
The county treasurer of Winona is alleged
to have received in reply to one of his
notices to delinquent personal tax payers, a
postal, reading as follows "Mr. Bastford:
I no can out make mein anglish talk for
sprachen, so well vot on German I can mit.
Dot caird vot jost voz got vot zay monisch
you wants, I no ca give dat, gelt is speelt
ous. By jenks I many dimes votes mit yon
on lection and I many dimes trinks de Bier
mit you, and mein gott on himel I no
Eads Tells Them Hour it Can be Done.
MEMPHIS, Tenn., April 17.In response
to an invitation from a large number of
business men of this city, Capt. James B. Eads
addressed a very large audience at Davie's
theatre this afternoon on the desirability
and feasibility of reclaiming and protecting
alluvial lands of the Mississippi valley, and
occupied an hour and a half in his address.
He was listened to throughout with the
closest attention by the large audience.
jACKsdNvriiB, Fla., April 17.Postmaster
General Key and parjy have arrived, and
will be given a reception to-night by the
1 HI [IK M-^jJ*^.
Wisconsin Grangers Step In and Bay Twen
ty ^Sections fdr Immediate Occupation and
Mr. Hermann Trott, land commissioner
of the St. Paul & Pacific railroad company,
closed an important land sale yesterdayim
portant not so much from the magnitude of
the transaction, as from the location of the
land, and the effect it will have in opening
up a section of the State heretofore under
a sort of a ban in the eyes of superficial land
hunters. The sale consisted of twenty sec
tions to as many different partiesexperi
enced farmers from Wisconsinof land at
Campbell station, the second station this
side of Breckenride, on the main line of the
St. Paul & Pacific. The purchase
was made for immediate settlement
and cultivation, each of the parties
buying contracting to break at least two hun
Campbell station is located on what is
known as the "Breckenridge flats," which,
from their low-lying and level formation,
have been generally written down in the past
as much inferior to the average lands of the
State. This writing down proved the truth
of the old saying of "call a dog a bad name,"
etc. Parties in search of land would give it
one glance and pass it by without a thor
ough examination. The Wisconsin party,
hpwever, spent considerable time
in looking over this and oth
er tracts of land belonging to
the company, and after a thorough investi
gation, decided in favor jof the "flats," and
so well satisfied are they that they propose
to induce others of their Wisconsin neigh
bors to join in their immigration, having
secured the refusal of a large tract adjoining
their location for that purpose. They say
the land is equal to any in the State.
Parties from Cannon Falls also closed a
contract with Mr. Trott yesterday for a con
siderable tract of land at Hermann for im
mediate occupation and cultivation.
Speaking of parties in search of points at
which to go into business, Mr. Trott says
there is a good opening for a hotel at Camp
bell, and at Gorton for a hotel and general
What Saw on a x'rip
State Superintendent Burt arrived, yester
day, from a week's official visiting at andsponging
lecturing before State Teachers' institutes,
held at Mantorville, Dodge county, and at
Windom, Cottonwood county. On his
homeward journey yesterday morning, Mr.
Burt called upon an institute being held at Wa
seca, before which he will lecture on Monday.
The superintendent reports that these insti
tutes are and have been highly successful
and interesting. At the one in Mantorville,
there were 130 teachers in attendance, the
one in Waseca is being attended by about
the same number, and nearly every teacher
in Cottonwood county was present at the
Windom institute. Nor are the teachers the
parties alone interested in the institutes
The public at large flock in goodly numbers
to the meetings, lorniiug no mean minor
ities of the attentive assemblies.
Branching from his official duties, Mr.
Burt yesterday stated to a GLOBS reeporter
that the people in the sections through
which he passed are crazy after land. Win
dom was full of land hunters. All signs of
grasshoppers have disappeared in that for
merly infested region. Much of the land in
that district had been settled upon under the
tree-claim act of Congress. The trees, in
many instances, had been swept away bj
grasshoppers, and the settlers, although
they had resided long enough on their claims
to prove them up, were yet unable to do so
by reason of the number of living trees
being deficient in the number required by
law. Men were busy in moving round for
such claims, but all attempts at "jumping"
were frustrated by the deep and active sym
pathy of the more fortunate, who
were determined to prevent all im
position upon the more needy. Railroad
wildernesses were being eagerly purchased,
and Mr. Burt instanced a case of an actual
settler who had purchased a quarter section
of uncultivated railroad land iiear Madelia,
paying therefor $10 an acre, one half in
cash, and the balance lying as a mortgage
for three years at ten per cent, interest. An
other classecuringd of lan hunters was eagerly en in "missed quarter sections
and of eight"y acres.l Mr.a Burt averred4
the desire for land was positively incredible
in its extent.
1 in flAfniinf* miaaar" nn^av adji4t/ mi
United States^Dlstrict Court.
[Before Judge Nelson.]
Peter G. Lamoreaux, of Minneapolis,
his petition, praying that he be adjudicated a
[Before the full Bench.]
George P. Johnson, appellant, vs. Louie
Crossin, respondent. Argued and submitted.
Morris Holbrook, respondent, vs. Josiah G.
Cooley, appellant. Argued and submitted.
BET FOB ARGUMENT TO-DVY.
Foster L. Bach, receiver of the National Ex
change bank of Minneapolis, respondent, vs.
Eugene M. Wilson and William M. Kimball,
appellants order from Hennepin county. At
water & Babcock Wilson & Lawrence.
[Before Judge Simons.]
File No. 10,669. James W.| Somerville vs.
Henrietta Somerville. Plaintiff not entitled
to the relief demanded the defendant is en
titled to have the action dismissed, and to
judgment against the plaintiff for her costs
and disbursements of the action.
TO BE CALLED TO-DAY.
Calendar No. 46 file No. 10,516. Davidson
& Newel vs. M. C. Fraelick. Williams & Da
vidson and Young & Newell Davis, O'Brien &
NOTICE TO ATTORNEYS.
As to-morrow will be a holiday, attorneys are
requested to have their business finished to-day
and are notified to file their notices of issue for
Saturday's special term by four o'clock this
[Before Judge Flint.]
Nathaniel B. Clark vs. B. W. Essery action
to recover alleged rent. Judgment entered
in favor of defendant for costs, taxed at
John A. Hunter vs. Gordon and Ferguson
action to recover for services as sheriff. De
cision of court filed ordering judgment against
defendant for $26.90.
John A. Hunter vs. H. Pfankuch & Co.
Similar action and order.
John A. Hunter vs. Minor & McCarthy.
Similar action and order.
John O'Connor vs. A Henjshel action to re
cover possession of certain premises. Judg
ment of restitution ordered.
The German Catholic Printing company vs.
Henry A. Schlick action to recover on stock
subscription. Case certified to the district
Wm. L. Berg, drunkenness, fined $3 and
Thos. Williams, William Hiues, Wm. Ryan,
Wm. Sullivan, James Kelly, Charles Warren
and Wm. Brown, the Carver's cave vagrants,
were given thirty minutes in which to leave
the city and county.
John Thomas, accused of the larceny of a
load of roe'e, was discharged.
Robert Helms, the photograph manipulator,
charged with larceny, was discharged.
James Williams, a tramp brought in by Mr.
James O'Farrell, was cemmitted for seven
days, at hard labor, with bread and water for
A Innocent Woman Hung.^t^
Nxw Yon, April 17.A dispatch from
Bichmxmd gaya the ioaoOKwe of Charlotte
THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE., THURSDAY MORNING, APRDL 18, 187a
Harris, the colored woman hanged by a
masked mob on the charge Of instigating the
burning of a barn, is folly* established, and
that the boy accused of burning the barn has
J. BBCTAltT Y.
Trying to force a Horse to Bun One Hun
dred Miles in Ten HoursThe Animal
Accomplishes Seventy-Five Miles, and
Fain Exhausted on the TrackAnother
Attempt to be Made.
i-, [Brooklyn Eagle.]
A few so-called "sports" assembled pri
vately at the Prospect park race-track yester
day, to witness the result of a match which
had been made between a couple of wealthy
young horsemen, that a horse belonging to
one of them could run the hundred miles in
ten hours. The stakes were $500 a side,
and there are several outside bets. The
agreement was that the horse should have
three trials, and if it failed, the money was
to be paid over.
As a number of people and sporting men
had got word that the match was to take
place, the principals and a few of their
friends, who were to be present agreed that
the outsiders should be misdirected as to the
time when the attempt was to be made. Con
sequently they stated that the horse would
be tested to-day, and then by agreement as
sembled early" yesterday morning at the
race-track. Those who were present made a
solemn promise that the names of the horse,
their owner, backers, and in fact all those
present should be kept secret and not al
lowed to be made public, as the parties con
cerned are afraid of arrest by Bergh's men
for cruelty to animals. The result was that
the great majority of horsemen who went
down the road yesterday were unaware that
any thing was in progress at the track.
From a rvliable source the Eagle reporter
has discovered the following facts: At five
o'clock in the morning the horse, harnessed
to a light sulky, was trotted out of the stable
and on the track. The driver jumped into
she seat, and on the minute of five started.
About fifty persons were present, and
watched between drinks this test of the ani
mal's speed and endurance. For sixty miles
the horse kept well ahead of time, but from
that point began to tire visibly. The driver
urged the poor beast to its utmost, and the
owner insisted that it should be kept up
consequently the poor brute went puffing
around the track exerted by whip and rein.
Its limbs began to swell, and frequently
did but little to revive it. It was
easily to be seen when it had made its sev
entieth mile that it was impossible for it to
make the remaining thirty at all, much less
in the time allotted to it, but still the animal
was urged on until just after its seventy-fifth
mile it dropped on the track from sheer ex
haustion, and had to be carried off to the
stable on an improvised stretcher.
Some of the sports who were present claim
that the animal was not in good condition,
and that if it had been it could easily be
made to win the bet. Billy Thorns, a well
known horseman, said this morning that it
was all nonsense to try and make the horse
do such a job on the track. He is willing to
take the animal in charge and get it in proper
condition, and then bet on its success.
"But," said he, "I wouldn't run it on the
track, where it would only use the same mus
cles all the time I'd run it on some good
road, where there were a few hills for it to
encounter, so as to bring all its muscles into
play, and not tire out justfane set of them.
I think the horse can do it."
The animal is to be trained up again, and
as two more trials are still due to its owner,
there is little doubt but that it will again be
subjected to the brutal test. The matter will
be kept as quiet as possible, but Mr. Bergh
ought to be on the look out and stop such an
inhuman affair. It is said that during the
last few miles the suffering of the horse was
such that some of the spectators were
ashamed to look at the terrible exertions
made by it, and begged the owner to have it
taken off the track, but this was not done
until it fell, helpless and exhausted, as has
THE BADGER CAPITAL.
Canadian Emigrants--Dropped DeadThe
"Queer"New Judges Qualify.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
MADISON, Wis., April 17.About two hun
dred farmers from Brantford, Canada,
passed through here to-day, en route for
Manitoba. They go in Great Western cars
to Fisher's Landing, where they take a
steamer for Manitoba. About the same
number are expected to pass through here
in a day or two, from the same place,
bound for the same destination.
An old German, aged 76 years, was found
dead in a field near this city, yesterday after
noon, where he had gone to plant corn.
Apop.exy is supposed to be the cause of his
S. Ozander, of Ashland, arraigned for us
ing the United States mail in an attempt to
obtain counterfeit money from parties in St.
Paul, gave bonds in $500 to appear for ex
amination on June 1st, and was discharged,
here is a prospect that the friends of the
prisoner will settle with the government.
Judge Orton, of Madison, took the oath of
office to-day as associate justice of the su
preme court for the term ending January,
1888. Judge Taylor, of Fond du Lac,* is ex
pected to arrive to-morrow and take the oath
for the term ending January, 1886. Both
the new justices are expected to sit upon the
bench at to-morrow's session.
International Sunday School Convention.
ATLANTA, Ga., April 17.The international
Sunday school convention assembled to-day.
About 400 delegates are present, representing
all the States, Indian Territory and the Can
adian provinces. The convention was called
to order by Rev. Geo. A. Peltz, of New Jer
sey. Addresses of welcome were made by
Mayor Angier and Gov. Colquitt, and re
sponses by Eev. John Potts, Toronto, and
Gen. Clinton B. Fiske. The committee on
permanent organization reported unani
mously in favor of Gov. Colquitt for per
manent president, and one vice president for
each State. Brief reports of Sunday school
work in each State were made. They indi
cate a great increase in the number of schools,
pupils and teachers. To-night the inter
national Sunday schoel lessons were con
sidered, and the report of the committee
read. Addresses were made by Dr. John
Hall, New York, and Dr. J. H. Vincent. The
attendance of visitors is very large, and
great enthusiasm prevails.
Women's Baptist Mlshlonary Society.
N EW YOBK, April 17.The seventh annual
meeting of the Women's Baptist Missionary
society to-day, was numerously attended.
The treasurer's report showed that the re
ceipts for the year were $39,260, and expen
ditures $38,831. With the amount unex
pended this year, and with what remained
last year, the secretary has on hand $3,700.
All expenditures have been applied toward
the sustenance of misionaries and schools.
The report of the home department showed
the society had sent three new missionaries
to Burmah, and one to India, during the
year. Two, meantime, have returned from
Burmah. The society has about 1,000 aux
iliaries and children's bands. The report of
the foreign department shows the society is
now supporting twenty-five missionaries,
aiding fifty-seven schools, and supports
twenty-five bible women, all in Burmah,
India, China and Japan.
1 2ip|pi Never Beyond Hope.
^v-i**??! IFarmington Press.
The Republican party is beyond the hope of
salvation.St. Paul GLOBE.
Bat the Democratic party is not "be-
yond hope"and what is more, it never
THE FAXMEN BOSS.
dotes of Hit Doing* When in the Hey
Day of Hie Power.
as**. --5 [New York Sun.]
He had great respect for Peter B. Sweeny
as a manipulator of men. used to say:
"Peter is a devil of a fellow for manage
ment. gets round people so easy. But
it takes time. I can fix things in half the
time, but it costs like the devil. Peter's way
is the best way if you have plenty of time,
but half an hour before a vote's taken my
hand is the heavier of the two." dis
liked calling on Sweeny at his office at the
court house. He felt embarrassed in a sense,
or rather he felt that Mr. Sweeny was look
ing him over and through, and he much pre
ferredthe rollicking license of his own apart
ments, over the Broadway bank, where he
could throw off the dignities and indulge in
all the freedom of speech he desired. At
one time it was freely circulated in inside
circles that both the 'squire and the boss
Sweeny and Tweedhad senatorial ambi
tions. When Mr. Sweeny was spoken to, be
said he had thought it would "be plesant to
spend a winter in Washington, but as yet he
had not engaged rooms there." Tweed, on
the other hand, said: "If I wanted to go to
the Senate I'd go but what for? I can't
talk, and I know it. As to spending my
time in hearing a lot of snoozers discuss the
tariff and the particulars of a contract to
carry the mails from Paducah to Schoharie,
I don't think I'm doing that just now."
Busybodies frequently carried tales to and
from Tweed and Sweeny, but to no good
end. So long as they worked together, they
worked together, and each had implicit con
fidence in the other. Tweed suggested once
to Sweeny to send Jim Sweeny to him when
ever he heard any of these stories, but
Peter B. laughed, and said he thought they
could afford to wait until they met.
For Connolly Tweed entertained supreme
contempt. It used to grate on him when his
friends or agents were compelled to pay trib
ute to Counolly or his son, or some of the
leeches that surrounded them, or else to wait
for their money, On one occasion" a city
creditor appealed to Tweed to use his influ
ence with Connolly to have his bill paid.
"Is is right?" asked Tweed.
"Have you asked for it?"
"Twenty times, and I can get it less twenty
Tweed looked at him a minute, and then
hurriedly wrote as follows:
DEAR DICK: For God's sake pay 's bill.
He tells me your people ask twenty per cent.
The whole thing isn't but $1,100. If you
don't pay it I will. Thine,
WILLIAM M. TWEED.
The creditor got his money in full.
In Connolly's office Tweed was as brusque
and independent as in his own. cared
nothing for hnn personally, although they
were intimate and addressed each other fa
miliarly. Tweed had a fund of stories not
found in Rabalais. rarely told one in
the chamberlain's office but if the walls in
the comptroller's ofhee, or those in the little
room used by Surrogate Calvin, could and
would speak, they would astonish the heaier
more than any phonograph could. It is well
known that Watson, the county auditor, se
cured a tremendous hold on Connolly. In
fact he manipulated the entire machinery of
the comptroliership, and ruled the comptrol
ler with a rod of iion. One day little Town
send Connolly had been up to some of his
twenty per cent, tricks, in which he was
aided and abetted by Watson. A friend of
Tweed had a bill which was correct and jnst
in every particular, and had passed the
scrutiny of all the departments. It waited
simply for a warrant with the comptroller's
signature. Connolly had promised it that
day. The creditor called.
"Mr. Watson," said the comptroller,
"won't you hand me the warrant for the's
"It can't be paid to-day."
"Why not?" asked the creditor.
"That's my business," rejoined Watson,
and left the room.
Tweed happened to come in, and heard
the last remark.
"What's up?" he asked.
The creditor, who was embarrassed for
want of the money, told Tweed what had
happened, and also of the twenty j^r cent,
Without a word, Tweed toddled to the
door leading to the great office, where Wat
son had mounted a high stool at his desk.
''Watson," said he," the Comptroller says
he promised Mr.his warrant to-day.
Where is it?"
"It can't be paid to-day, Mr. Tweed."
"Can't be paid, after the comptroller says
to pay it? For God's sake, who are you?
See here, Connolly, who is comptroller
hereyou or Watson?"
"I suppose I am," replied Connolly,
"Then, Watson, give this man his warrant,
or you'll be asking the name of a new
auditor before you're twenty-four hours
And that man got his money.
For "little Gunnie Bedford," as he always
called Judge Bedford, Tweed felt sincere
contempt Having made him what he was,
he thought Bedford went unnecessarily out
of his way to conciliate Charles O'Connor
when he committed his old chief to the
Tombs, without bail, in a misdemeanor case.
*'Why," said Tweed, "if I couldn't spit
twenty Bedfords an hour, and have each one
a giant alongside of Gunnie, I ought to be
hung." At another time he said: "Well, I
really have no hard feelings against any liv
ing man, but I would like to see little Gunnie
Bedford get his deserts."
With all his getting of money, Tweed
cared but Utile for money itself. made
enormous sacrifices at times. On one
occasion he was bitten by a mania
for owning an interest in newspapers.
He said he had loaned or advanced
to the Democrat nearly $75,000. He
owned largely in the Transcript and Leader,
and held either stocks or bonds of half a
dozen weeklies. He professed to hold tbe
press in derision, but was foremost in en
deavoring to conciliate newspapers that op
posed him or his schemes. It at one time
became the customnot yet extinctfor
certain journals to claim credit for having
broken the Tweed ring, and Tweed used to
say that those who shouted reform the loud
est had bled him most when he was in
In speaking of his downfall he reiterated
what he had said aforetime about the press:
"If those picture papers would only leave
me alone, I wouldn't care for all the rest."
"But those pictures are such caricatures
that no one would ever know yon by them,"
said his friend.
"That makes no difference. The people
get an idea that Tweed is a thief. They get
used to seeing Tweed in a striped suit, and
pretty soon they'll be mad if he isn't one."
For the comments of journals outside of
New York city, he cared literally nothing.
On one occasion, some one sent him a copy
of a peculiarly pretentious journal published
in a neighboring cny, in which was an ar
ticle claiming the authorship of Tweed's
downfall. looked at it, laughed, and
said: "Oh, yes I have seen this paper be
fore. It was sent to me with a marked tirade
against Slippery Dick, the Big Judge.
Really tbe man who "runs" the paper, as he
calls it, is too amusing to quarrel with."
In that way he always met the offices of
the officious who brought the feeble assaults
of no-bodies to his attention but he would
have been glad to pay any sum to be insured
immunity from tbe picture papers.
At one time he seriously contemplated a
retaliatory warfare in the same line, and
said that if he had cared to out the hearts of
the men who were killing his wife and
children by their pictures, he could easily do
it, and do it by revealing the secrets
of their lives as brought -to him
by detectives and others. Better counsels
prevailed, however, and he gave up the idea.
InfaotyitiadifikoltteknagbjeTweed in a
vindictive mood. He had flashes of temper,
but they were spasmodic, and never contin
uous. He never held enmity against any
man long, and always met an opponent more
than half way.
It has been said that Mr. Tweed knew on
ly the roystering politicians and corrupt
bone pickers of his time. The fact is, he
knew everybody. talked taxes with
Astor, Stewart, Vanderbilt, and Lennox.
He discussed theology with Hughes, Beecher,
Tyng and tbe Jesuits. was a partneV
with Greeley in the tobacco trade. He knew
Bennett, Raymond, Marble, and Ottendorf
Tweed was vain and fond of flattery, al
though he despised toadies and toadyism.
He paid $500 for a steel engraving and $250
for a biographical sketch, to be published
in a forthcoming volume. When the proofs
were sent him he objected to the caption,
"Our Self-Made Men," and forfeited
the entire sum rather than be in
cluded in the list. made considerable
pretensions to extended reading, and could
recite with considerable rhetorical effect
many passages from his favorite British
poets. He had in his office a bible, a prayer
book, and a compilation of poetical extracts,
side by side with manuals and red books.
He had all the daily newspapers to skim, not
to read. Articles referring to city improve
ments he noted carefully. Those on politics
he cared nothing for. If the ring desired to
create public sentiment or prepare the pub
lic mind for a new condition of things,
Tweed and Sweeny consulted and agreed on
a plan. Then Sweeny sent for the Tammany
reporters and inspired the desired article.
In many instances proofs sent to Sweeny
were by him submitted to Tweed.
Some of the best nominations ever made
were suggested by Tweed. Judge John R.
Brady was one of them. Connolly opposed
it Tweed and Sweeny favored it.
Singular as it may seem, when Tweed was
at the height of his power when his notes
for a million were readily discounted in Wall
street when he entertained the rich and
great in his house, and spent thousands with
the Americus (Sub when it looked as though
he feared neither God nor man, his mind
was frequently seeking for tenable ground
concerning the future. He was well read in
the bible, and quoted apt texts with facility.
If his opponent had doubts as to a future
life, Tweed would argue in favor of it, and
vice versa. One day, in Greenwood cemete
ry, he stood at the grave of a valued friend.
For some minutes he was silent, and then,
tapping the sod gently witu his foot, he said:
"My grief is the best argument after all. If
there was no future, if this grave were to be
the last of him, I don't be ieve I should feel
the sorrow that now pulls me down. What
ever the fact may be as to the reward or
punishment hereafter, I have now no doubt
of a future existDnce."
FIVE HUNDRED SOULS.
Lout at Sea on a Burning Steamer.
LONDON, April 14.Lloyd's agents at Lar
nica, Cyprus, in a letter dated Maich 19th,
furnishes full particulars of the burniug of
the Austrian Lloyd's steamer Sphinx, near
Cape Elia, in the early part of last month,
by which 500 Circassian refugees lost their
live3. It appears that the Sphinx was on her
way to Lattachia, from Cavalla, with about
3,000 Circassians on board.
On the 15th of March, at 7:10 A. M., she
was doubling the Klito Rock of Cape
St. Andrea, with a strong wind from the
south-east, with the intention of going
to Fumagusta to wait for bet
ter weather and take in pro
visions for the emigrants. About 3 p. M.
there was a strong gale from the southeast,
which shifted to the west, then to the north,
returning at last to southeast. At that time
the ship would no longer obey the rudder,
and a heavy sea striking the vessel, washed
forty refugees from the forecastle. The ves
sel could not put back to Alexandretta, as
the hatches were open, and being afraid that
the sea would fill the hold, coupled with the
fact that the Circassians would not allow
them to be closed for fear of being suffo
At 6:45 smoke was seen coming out of the
fore hatch, and the vessel was shipping
heavy seas. A little later she grounded on a
sand-bank one heavy sea drove her on the
coast, and she sprung a leak. There was no
working the engines. Meanwhile the fire
increased, and the confusion and cries of
the Circassians are said to have been some
Seeing the fire could not be put down, the
hatches were closed with the consent of the
Circassians, and so upward of five hundred
lives were sacrificed to save the rest. During
tbe night attempts were made to extinguish
the fire, but without success.
On the 6th the surviving immigrants were
landed. The captain and crew fled from the
wreck, as the Circassians threatened to mur
der them. The Circassians had fires, it is said,
the hold, to keep themselves warm, and to
cook with, and it is not surprising Jhe fire
originated from the accident of the upsetting
of one of their stoves.
The Great Strike in England.
LONDON, April 16.The Manchester cotton
masters to-day received a deputation of
operative spinners, who declared they were
willing to accept the 5 per cent reduction
on wages, and if tbe masters would not
agree to it they would refer to arbitration.
The masters replied, declining both pro
posals, and adhering to their original resolu
tion, namely, that if a strike occurred in
any of the mills where notice had been given
of a 10 per cent, reduction, the remainder of
the trade shall lock out at the earlies pos
sible moment, and the amount derived from
the reduction at those mills which continue
to work shall be applied to a fund for assist
ing those firms whose hands strike. Notices
of reduction expires to-morrow. A strike
which will effect thirty thousand operatives
LONDON, April 16.Cotton operatives held
an open air meeting at Burnley to day, Five
thousand persons were present. The reso
lution of the masters in regard to the look
out was discussed, and tbe meeting enthusi
astically re-affirmed tbe determination to
strike unless notices of reduction are with
drawn. An amendment in favor of accept
ing 5 per cent, reduction, only found five
supporters. A. crowded meeting of Black
burn spinners also unanimously refuse to
accept the reduction. About 4,000 weavers,
warpers and winders at Preston, unani
mously expressed a willingness to accept 5
per cent, reduction, they also resolved that
all hands would continue at work until all
employers had been interviewed.
Important Suit Decided in Favor of St.
S T. Lotus, April 16.The court of appeals
gave a decision this morning on the cele
brated suit of the city against the St. Louis
Gas company, for possession of the works of
that company, affirming the decision of the
lower court, and giving the works to the
city. The suit involved a million and a half
to two million dollars. The case will be ap
pealed to the supreme court.
If the supreme court affirms the decisions
of the lower court the practical result will be
that tbe city will become owners 'of the gas
works, valued at a million and a half dol
lars, receive the accumulation in the hands
of the receiver of the company, now amount
ing to about $400,000, and also $400,000
balance due by the gas company to the city,
and the extinguishment of the debt of the
city to the gas company, for gas used by the
city, pending the litigation between* the city
The congress of the United States of Colom
bia has provided that the nation shall, at its
own expense, send to the United States, Swit
zerland, Germany or England a number of
workmen from each State, in proportion to its
population, that they may acquire knowledge
mechanical arte, and afterwards diffuse the
j|?M in thek own eountax.
The Nez Perces war last summer cost the gov
ernment $194,000 in transportation alone.
The exports of corn in bulk yesterday
amounted to 96,024 bushels, distributed amozg
Women are speedily obtaining their writes.
Seventy-two postoffices in the United States*ars
conducted by women.
All the steel rails used in this country are
made here, and all the iron rails, except an in
considerable fractionless than one in 3,000.
Most large country houses in Great Britain
and Ireland are now brilliantly lit by gas made
on the premises, and so are several large coun
try houses in this country.
The iron and coal producers of the country
complain of tbe decline in the price of their
products, but cheap coal and cheap iron have
saved many manufacturing industries from
Several rooms at Versailles hitherto closed
to the public, are to be opened from May 1.
They contain as many as 1,000 historic por
traits, dating from the foundation of the mon
archy to 1790.
Rev. Dr. Wheeler, in the Pittsburgh, Pa.
Christian Adiotate, describes Mr. Hayes as, per
haps, one of the honestest, feeblest, and mo^t
conceited men that have ever occupied the
They have passed an act in British Guiana,
by which any one killing or selling birds with
nne plumage will be heavily fined. There
would soon have been no handsome birds left
at the rate they were going.
The last new remedy for hydrophobia is a
Chinese plant called datura stramonium, a vio
lent poison. It is assened that a Chinaman
who drank some of the water in which a few
leaves of tbis plant had been steepod, com
The United States now pay $130,000,000 an
nually to the vessel owners of other countries.
Besides the snm actually paid in freights, it is
computed that 300 steamships, employing
50,000 men, earning 1,500,000 monthly, arj
employed in our trade with Europe.
The exports of wheat from New York last
week to Euiope were distributed as follows to
Continental cities other than Fiench direct,
273,197 bushels, to French cities direct, 185
775 bushels to Great Britain for orders, 55d,-
633 bushels. Total, 1,012,605 bushels.
Caius college, Cambridge, England, is pro
nounced Keys, and Magdalene, Oxford, Maud
hn. St. Mary hall is dibrespectfully stjled
"Skimary" in undergraduate language. Streets
at Oxford are not spoken of as High street,
Broad street, &c, but as "the High," "the
The United States war vessel, Constitution,
which sailed some time ago with goods lor the
Paris exposition, encountered very sovero
weather and came nearer being a total loss than
it is pleasant to contemplate. The money ex
pended in repairing hei Borne time ago appears
to have been thrown away.
The bill before the New York general assem
bly providing for the gradual substitution of
iron supports for telegraph wires in the streets
of citieB is commendable from an esthetic if no
other point of view, lion may be ornamental
while the wooden poles will always be a deface
ment of the beauty of a street.
Previous to his death one of the chief ter.
rors of William M. Tweed was the certainty
that the pulpit would point to the lesson of his
life, and from it draw a moral to warn this
generation. The seimons that were preached
in many of the New York churches, Sunday,
show that his presentiments were only too well
If Lord Beaconsfield thought war imminent
he must have extraordinary confidence in the
ability of Col. Stanley, Lord Derby's brother,
to appoint him secretary of State for war.
Col. Stanley's experience in military matters
is of the slightest, and his ministerial expen
ence has been confined to subordinate offices,
quite foreign to military affairs.
M. Gambetta proposed to allow President
MacMahon $100,000, the minister of foreign
affairs $50,000, the minister of agrculture and
commerce 50,000, and the other ministers
$20,000 each, in order that during the exhibi
tions these functionaries may "receive the am
bassadors, scientists and industrial leaders of
other nations with honor and dignity.
A large number of German speculators are
buying up estates in 8outh liussia, where, ow
ing to the succession of bad harvests and the
recent blockade, family property is going for a
mere trifle. An immense eotate haR been ac
quired in Saratoff for Count Henkel von Dr n
nesmor, governor of Alsace. The price paid by
bis agent did not exceed sixty cents au acre.
A promiuent Fort Madison CIowa) lawyer was
examining a witness in a hog case tried before
a lustice of the peace, not far from that city,
and he insisted very 6trongly that the witne
should tell the court what breed the hog
question belonged to. The witness answered
that be thought it a "cross between the board
of supervisors and a Fort Madison lawyer,
and after that saving was interrogated no mere.
The Wine and Spirit Traders' society of the
United States have sent to all leading liquor
dealers an elaborate protest againt the
change of duty on wines now proposed by
Congressa change from specific to adiafjrem.
They argue that the effect of such a change
will be to reduce the revenue, to drive honest
men out of the business, and not only to open
the door and afford facilities, but to put a pre
mium on fraud and general rascality,
Large and attractive sign boards are a great
feature of Chinese shops and warehouses, and
the words upon them are a strange and amus
ing mixture of flowery literature of the land
and the advertising instincts of a commercial
people. Here are some of the signs of Pekin*
"Shop of Heaven-sent Luck "Tea Shop of
Celestial Principles "The Nine Felicities Pro
duced "Mutton Shop of Forming Twilight
"The Ten Virtues All Complete."
The capture of a veritable river pirate on an
island in the Mississippi river, below Quincy,
111., is an event of considerable interest in th
section. This fresh water buccaneer had a
weakness for whisky in bond, and the burglar
izing of a government warehouse at Lagrange,
Mo., finally led to his downfall. Like a true
pirate, however, he made a determined resist
ance, and it was only when the officers employ
ed the buckshot argument that he was finally
Since the first of September there have been
received at New Orleans 547.849 bushels of
wheat, in bulk, against 93,725 bushels 6ame
time last year 313,636 bushels of ryelast
year not one bushel sugar, 108,692 hhdslast
year 132,728 hhds rice, bbls and sacks, 209,356
last year 264,062 pork, 36,527 bblslast year
48,341 bbls molasses, 306,580 bblslast jear
239,783 bbls flour, 441,650 bbls, against 421,-
104 bbls last year cotton seed, 1,716.001 sacks
last year 1,035,988 sacks meats in bulk,
5,373,711 lbs, against 4,934,446 lbs last year
corn in bulk, 3,549,866 bushels, against 1,148,-
650 bushels last year.
Some experiments have been made at Bra1*
Bels in breaking in horses by means of an elec
tric bridle. The apparatus, called Engstrom
bridle, after its inventor, consisting simply in
a couple of reins, along which run electrio
wires. At the end of the reins a small electrio
battery is attached, which is entirely in the
power of the experimenter. By pressing a
little knob the electrio current acts on tbe
corners of the horse'B mouth, and after a few
consecutive or intermitting shocks the anim. 1
becomes perfectly docile. A very intractab a
mare was broken in after one experiment with
the bridle. The inventor asserts that runaway
horses can immediately be brought to a stai.d*
till by this ajpaaEfria, N
I i. n$%