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THE DEMOCRATIC I-EA VEX SHO WING
The Senato Passes House Bill Forbidding
Further Ketlreinent of Legal Tenders by
Firato ShermanThe Democrats of the
House Fix Up the Army Bill to Suit Them,
and Pass ItThe Reduction and Keorgan
l7ation of the Army Provided for, and also
the Transfer of the Indian Bureau-The
Bankrupt Repeal Bill the Senate Amend
ments Also PassedCanada Recognizes
that America Has Got Down to Specie
WASHINGTON, Slay 28.Senator McPherson
submitted a resolution declaring it is unwise
and inexpedient for Congress at the present
BeBsion to change the existing rate of tax on
manufactured tobacco. He asked for the pres
ent consideration of the resolution, but objec
tion was made by Senator Withers and it wtu
Senator Hamlin, from the committee on for
eign relations reported a bill providing for the
payment of the award made by the fishery
eommibsion at Halifax under the treaty of
Washington. Placed on the calendar.
Senator Hamlin also reported from the same
committee along written report to accompany
the bill also a concurrent resolution that the
views and recommendations embraced in the
leport of the Senate committee on foreign rela
tions touching the award made by the fishery
commission at Halifax are hereby approved.
Tho repoit of the committee on foreign
lelations above referred to in conclusion
says: Yet jour committee further re
commend that the executive dcpaitment
of the United States should be authorized
to pay the award if, after correspondence
with the government of Great Britain, the
President of the United States shall, without
further communication with Congress, deem
that such payment shall be demanded by the
honor and good faith of the notion, and in pur
nuance of that conclusion the award shall be
paid. That the President shall, as soon as may
be thereafter, lay the correspondence with the
British government relating thereto before
Congress, unless in his opinion it shall be in
compatible with the public interest to do so.
We would suggest in the event of the pay
ment of the award by the United States that
the utmost care and circumspection be em
ployed to disabuse the minds of the British
and Canadian governments as well as the Brit
ish and Canadian people of any possible im-
piesBion that the United States or American
ople do or ever can accept the award of the
ahfax commission as a just measure of the
value o the inshore fisheries in Canadian
wateis. Against such inference, deduction,
conclusion or belief, the Congress of the na
tion, the Senators of the State, and the Rep
resentatives of the House as representatives of
the people, respectfully but fiimly and decid
edly protest, and they do not protest merely
from a course of injustice that is done in the
award but also and especially because in future
negotiations with England regarding trade and
commoieo between tho United States and the
Dominion of Canada the government of the
United States will not recognize tho award of
the Halifax commission as in any sense a just
measme of the value of the fishenes in ques
Senator Morrill, from the committee on
finance, lepotted favorably on the House bill
to authoilze the secretary of the treasury to
conbtitute superintendents of mints or assay
cm in ncsay
offices, assistant treaauiers of t!-e
United States, without, additional compensa
tion, to receive gold and silver coin and bul
lion on deposit foi tho purpose provided in sec
on 250 ot the levised statutes. Placed on the
Senatoi Eustis called up Senate bill defining
the manner in whicn certain land bcrip maj be
assigued and located or applied by actual set
tieie, and providing for the isme of patents in
tho name of the locatoi or his legal representa
Senatoi McDonald, from the committee on
judiciarv, reported favorably Senate bill to ex
tend the juusdietion of district and circuit
courts ot the United States for the southern
district of Florida. Passed.
Senator Morrill called up Senate bill to pro
vide a fiie-proof building for use of the bureau
of cngiavmg and printing and mechanical
tuanchtT of the treasuiy and other depart
Senatoi Beck opposed the bill.
|7 Pending discussion the morning hour expir
ed and the bill v, as laid aside, and considei
ation was lesumed of the House bill to forbid
further retirement of United Stateb legal tender
Senator Baj aid submitted an amendment to
the clauoe providing for reissue of said notes,
redeemed oi leceived into the treasury under
any law, as follows:
"Provided, that said notes when so reissued
shall be leceivable for all dues to the United
States, excepting duties on imports and notes
otherwise legal tender, and any reprint of said
notes, shall bear the snpeiscription."
He then addressed the Senate in favor of hib
Senator Ferry lepoited the bill as it came
from the House.
Senator iliil spoke in favor of gold and sil
ver as the only legal tender and said he was
opposed to that part of the amendment ok the
Senator from Delaware, which excepted green
backs in payment of custom duties. However,
as the money was in circulation he would not
vote against the bill.
Senator Morrill opposed the bill
Senator Blaine announced he would vote for
the hill becauFe he saw no harm in it.
After further ducus^ion the amendment of
Sir Bayard as rejected, yeas 18, nays 42, as
Booth, Cameron, Pa.,
Came) on, Wis
Cockrell, Coke, Davis, 111
Dennis, Ferry, Gordon,
Barnum. Bayard, Burrmde,
Senators Dawes and Edmunds who would
have voted in the affirmative were paired with
Senators Eustis and Plumb, who would have
voted in the negative.
Senator Matthews submitted the following as
a substitute for the House bill: That when any
United States legal tender notes are returned to
the treasurer they shall be re-issued from time
to time as the exigencies of the public service
may require, and the secretary of the treasury
shall not cancel or retire any of the same pro
vided, that nothing herein shall prohibit the
cancellation of mutilated notes and the issue
of other similar notes of like denomination in
their htead now provided by law, and all acts
and parts of acts in conflict herewith are here
After a brief discussion the substitute was
ejected, yeas 10, nays 36.
The bill having been considered in commit
tee of the whole was repoi ted to the Senate,
read a third time and passed, yeas 41, nays 18.
Cameron, Pa. Johnston,
Cameron, Wis. Jones, Fla.
Paddoik, Ransom, Saunde)*,
C'onklinff, Eaton, Hoar, Hovx,
Senators Eustis, Dorsey, Chaffee, Plumb and
Bruce, who would have voted in the affirmative
were paired with Senators Dawes, Hamlin, Mc
Pherson, Edmunds and Sargent, who would
have voted in the negative.
The Senate insisted on the amendment to
House bill providing a permanent form of
government for the District of Columbia, and
a committee of conference was ordered.
Senator Windom called up the legislative,
judicial and executive appropriation bill that
it might be the unfinished business to-morrow.
Senator Bayard, at his own request, was ex
cused from service on the board of visitors to
West Point, and Senator Morgan appointed to
fill the vacancy.
Senator Conover submitted an amendment
to the Johnston Texas Pacific railroad bill, giv
ing to the New Orleans, Baton Rouge and
Vicksburg railroad company the right to com
plete, within three years, aline of railroad from
the eastern terminus of the Texas Pacific, at or
near Shrcveport, to some point on the Missis
sippi river at or near New Orleans, and extend
ing to said road the privileges of that bill.
Af ier an executive session, adjourned.
House of Representatives.
WASHINGTON, May 28.Mr. Shelley repotted
back from the committee on roads and canals
the Senate bill for construction of a railroad
from Bismarck to the Black Hills, but on read
ing of the bill it appeared it makes a grant of
land for railroad stations, which made it liable
to the point of order that it must be first con
sidered in the committee o the whole, and that
point being made the bill was withdrawn.
On motion of Mr. Wood the Senate amend
ments to the House bill for free entry of articles
imported for exhibition by societies established
for the encouragement of arts and sciences
were concurred in and the bill passed.
The bill for holding tne election for Repre
sentatives in California to the forty-sixth Con
gress the first Wednesday in September was
The House then voted on the amendments to
the army appropriation bill and all the items
which has been increased on the basis of an
army force of 25,000 men were restored to the
original amounts on the basis of 20,000.
The amendment fixing the number of cavalry
regiments at eight, and of the infantry at
eighteen, was concurred in. Also the amend
ment fixing the maximum of privates in a cav
alry company at 125.
The amendments striking out the section
reorganizing the adjutant general's department
and the inspector general's department were
non-concurred in, and the sections were
restored to the bill.
The new section, No. 15, in regard to the re
tirement of officers which was substituted last
Saturday for other sections that were struck
out on the point of order, was retained.
The amendment transferring control of the
Indians to the war department was agreed to
yeas 130, nays 115.
The next amendment was that offered in
committee by Mr. Knott, prohibiting, under
penalty of fine and imprisonment, the employ
ment of any part of the army as nposie comitatus,
or otherwise, under the pretext or for the pur
pose of executing the laws, except when such
employment may be expressly authorized by
act of Congress. The amendment was adopted,
yeas 130, nays 117. and then the bill was passed
The main features of the bill as passed are:
fixing the strength of the aipny at 20,000 men
fixing the number of cavalry regiments at 8,
with companies of not exceeding 125 privates,
and of infantry legiinents at 18, with
companies of not let.s than 60 privates
reducing the force of the various staff depart
ments pioviding for the board to reorganize
those departments providing for a board to
recommend the retiring or mustering out of
officers fixing the number of major generals at
1, and of brigadier generals at 3, after those
figures shall have been leached, reducing the
number and rank, of aid-de-camps reducing
the pay and emoluments of officers, transfer
ling the Indian bureau to the war department,
and prohibbittmg the employment of troops
for civil purposes unless specially authorized
by act of Congress.
Mr. Wood gave notice he would move to
proceed with the tariff at the first chanee to
day or to-morrow.
Mr. Wiggington made a conference report on
"the bill to encourage the gro *th of timber on
the western prairies. Agreed to.
Mr. Reagan called up his bill to regulate
inter-state communication on railroads.
The question of consideration being raited,
the House refused to consider the bill now
yeas 103, nays 122.
The House then proceeded to consider the
business of the morning hour, which was the
call of committees for reports.
Mr. Waddell, chairman of the postoffice com
mittee, reported adversely on the bill to facili
tate letter correspondence and to establish a
line of steam vessels between the United
States and Libeiia. Laid on the table.
Also, favorably on the bill to establish a
savings depository and to aid in refunding the
interest bearing indebtedness of the United
States. Referred to committee of the whole.
Also the bill providing ocean mail steamship
service between the United States and Brazil.
Referred to the committee of the whole.
Mr. Geddings, from the same committee, re
ported a bill appropriating $50,000 to provide
for the tiansportation of United States mails
between Galveston and Vera Cruz, Mexico.
Referred to the committee of the whole.
Mr. Caldwell, from the same committee, re
ported a bill amending the revised statutes so
as to provide tiiat every postmaster, except
those appointed by the President, shall make
quarterly reports of money reeeived by him or
charged by him for postage, etc., and that
every postmaster appointed by the President
shall render monthly accounts of all such
moneys so received. Passed.
At the expiration of the morning hour the
House proceeded to the consideration or busi
ness^on the speaker's table, and a number of
executive documents were referred.
The first bill on the table was that for the
repeal of the bankrupt law with the Senate
On motion of Mr. Knott the amendment was
concurred in without a division. The bill now
goes to the President for his signature.
Senate amendments to the District of Co
lumbia government bill, were non-concurred
Senate bill for the appointment of a Hot
Springs commission, having been reached, Mr.
Fuller offered a substitute authorizing the ap
pointment by the President of three commis
sioners, who shall serve for one year and shall
have the same power as has been enjoyed by
the commissioners whose terms have already
expired. It also declares forever free the
waters of the Hot Springs on Hot Springs
mountain, and permits all persons to lay pipes
for the purpose of supplying baths, &c, with
Pending action, the House adjourned.
WAHINGTON, May 28.An official statement
gives the receipts from customs and internal
revenue, for portions of the fiscal year ending
May 27, 1877, and 1878 as follows In fiscal
year 1877, customs for the period indicated
$119,770,190, and internal revenue $106,967,645.
Total $226,747,835. In the present fiscal year:
customs receipts to the 2? in inst., inclusive,
$119,219,099, and internal revenue $995,588,-
570. Total $218,807,670, showing a difference
in favor of the fiscal year of 1877 of $1,940.-
Four per cent, subscriptions $401,800 to-day.
The marriage of Lieut. R. L. Hoxie and Miss
Yinnie Ream took place this evening at Ascen
sion church. The bride was given away by
Immeniately after adjournment of the House
the Democratic members held a caucus for the
purpose of considering the adjournment sine
die of the present session of Congress, the Sea
ate concurrent resolution fixing the 10th of
June, having heretofore been postponed until
mjmnmnw Hjjuiijumni inm^miip j^uuuii
'J "r J~ 'Sifts Z^'Ja
the 29th inst. Some members e:
a desire for early adjournment and thought
this could be effected by the 20th of June,
while others were opposed to naming the time,
owing to the large amount of public business
now pending, and besides the question of ad
journment should for the present remain
where -it is, namely, with the House. The
caucus, on motion of Mr. Clymer, resolved to
move in the House to-morrow the farther post
ponement of the Senate resolution until the
8th of June.
Mr. Ewing offered a resolution declaring it
to be inexpedient to take any action on the
tariff bill at the present session, bat without
taking action on it the caucus adjourned
until June 7th.
The Senate confirmedGustavus St. Gem, sur
veyor of customs of St. Louis.
The treasury department is advised that the
Canadian commissioner of customs has given
notice that in consequence of the near approxi
mation of the value of gold and silver and
paper currency, no discount will hereafter be
made on American invoices until further no
The House committee on Indian affairs has
authorized Mr. Throckmorton to prepare and
report to the House, with a favorable recom
mendation, a resolution directing the commit
tee on Indian affairs to visit the Indian terri
tory. The principal object of the commission
is to ascertain whether or not several tribes are
desirous of the establishment of the proposed
territory of Oklohama. The committee also
practically agreed to report favorably the bill
extending to the court of claims jurisdiction
of all claims growing out of treaties between
the United States and Indian tribes.
The House naval affairs committee agreed to
report favorably Harris' bill appointing aboard
of admiralty to sell old ships, and construct a
The Senate committee on foreign relations
agreed to the bill regarding the Venezuelan
claims which provides for placing the matter in
the hands of the President, with power to ap
point anew commission if, in his opinion, such
a course should be deemed advisable.
Pirate Sherman Thwarted.
WASHINGTON, May. 28.The following is a
full text of the bill to forbid the further re
tirement of United States legal tender notes:
Be it enacted, etc., etc, That from and after
the passage of this act it shall not be lawful
for the secretary of the treasury or other officer
under him to cancel or retire any more of U. S.
legal tender notes and whenever any of said
notes may be redeemed, or be received into
the treasury under any law from any Bource
whatever, and shall belong to the United
States, they shall not be retired, cancelled or
destroyed, but they shall be received and paid
out again, and kept in circulation provided,
nothing herein shall prohibit the cancellation
and destruction of mutilated notes, and the
issue of other notes of like denomination in
their stead, as now provided.
All acts, or parts of acts, in conflict with this
act are hereby repealed,
It now goes to the President for his signa
Events in the Racing:, Rowing
LOUISVILLE, May 28.The extra day of the
spring meeting of the Louisville Jockey club
was as great a success as its predecessors. In
the first lace, dash three-quarter mile, for two
year olds, Athelstone, Ada Glenn, Shelton,
Verdict, Misadie, Vender and General Preston's
Glently filly started. Verdict won. Shelton
second, General Preston third. Time 1:182^.
The second race, dash one and one-eighth miles,
had six starters. Kensaw won,
Aunt Betsey second, Leonard third.
Time 1:58J. In the third race,
mile heats, Miss Malloy, Beechwood and Lager
Beer started. Miss Malloy won, Beechwood2d,
Lager Beer 3d. Time, 1:45. In the second heat
Malloy was first, Lager Beer 2d, Beechwood 3d.
Time, 1:44}*j. The la6t race, dash mile, had
4 starters, Griggsby, Matagorda, Cammie F.
and Ambuscade. Cammie F. won, Matagorda
2d, Griggsby 3d. Time, 1:16.
Mollie McCarthy and Ten Brceck were ex
hibited on the track to-day amid much en
PHILADELPHIA, May 28.At' Point Breeze
paik to-day the race for the 2:30 class was won
by Black Frank, Modesty 2d, Hambletonian
Mambrino 3d. Time] 2:26^ 2:26) 2:26%:
2:29 2:29^, Modesty won the second and
CINCINNATI, May 28.The spring meeting of
the Queen City Jockey club, at Chester park,
which commences on Thursday next and con
tinues six days, promises to be the most suc
cessful ever given by the club. There are now
some 78 fine horses at the track, and more will
reach here fiom Louisville in the morning.
HE WATKTNS REGATTA.
WATKIHS, N. Y., May 28.In the first race in
the regatta of the Watkins Rowing association,
the Atalantas of New York, Downs and Emtis,
were winners by about three boat lengths, the
Detroit scullers, Clegg and Campean, second,
Northwesterns third. Winning time. 8:10. The
course was a mile and five-sixteenths.
LEATHER AND WILLOW.
PBOVIDENCE, May 28.Base ball: Milwau
kees 12 Providence 4.
BOSTON, Mass., May 28.Bostons, 10 Chica
BINGHAMPTON, N. Y., May 28.Crickets, 7
LOWELL, Mass., May 28.Uticas, 15 Lowelbj,
LONDON, Ont., May 28.Tccumsehs, 16 Al
CINCINNATI, May 28.Cincinnatis, 3 In
Baptist Publication Socielj.
CLEVELAND, O., May 28.The morning ses
sion of the second day of the Amencan Baptist
publication society opened at 10 o'clock. The
chair was occupied by first vice president, Sam.
A. Crasier, of Pennsylvania. The annual ser
mon was pleached by Rev. H. F. Crosby, of
Ohio. At the close of the sermon Rev. Dr.
Garner, of Cleveland, delivered an address of
welcome. Rev. Jas. Cooper, of Michigan, was
appointed secretary pro tem., after
which the committee on enrollment,
committe on nominations, and committee on
Baptist Quarterly were appointed. The Rev.
Benjamin Griffith, D. D., corresponding secre
tary, presented the 54th annual report of the
board. Annual session addresses were made on
Sunday school missions by Chas. Rhodes of
Ohio, Rev. E. A. Russell, Ind., Rev. A. Hard,
North Carolina, Rev. E. M. Brawley, New York,
and Rev, W. W. Boyd, Missouri. The society
then elected officers for the ensuing year as fol
lows: President, Samuel A. Crosier, Pa.
and vice presidents, Hon. J. Warren Merrill,
Mass., Geo. T. Hope, Esq., New York, Geo. T.
Davis, Ohio, L. B. Day, Ilinois, B. Griffith,
D. D., secretary Rev. James Cooper, Michigan,
recording secretary and Wm. V. Pettit, treas
urer. The society also elected twenty-five
managers. At the evening session Rev. C. E.
Hewitt, D. D., f Hlinois, delivered an address
on the press and its relation to denominational
growth, followed by Rev. Z. G. Grinnell, of
Michigan, upon the same subject and its rela
tion to denominational unity, and the session
closed with the remarks of Galusha Anderson,
D. D., of Illinois, on the preBS in its relation to
the development of intelligent Christian
character. Rev. Dr.Seymour Accepts the Bishopric.
SPRINGFIELD, 111., May 28.The first annual
union of the Springfield diocese met here to
day, The Committee appointed at a previous
meeting to notify Rev. Dr. Seymour of his
election as Bishop of the diocese, reported that
they had performed their duty and that the doc
tor had declined. A resolution was then unani
mously adopted requesting him to withdraw his
declination. This action was communicated
to him by telegram. The following reply was
received at 9 o'clock to-night: "New York,
May 28.To Rev. John D. Easter, chairman: 1
withdraw my declination and accept Consecra
tion in Trinity church, New York, on St. Bar
nabas day. [signed], GEO. F. SEYMOUB."
Movements of Ocean Steamships.
NEW YOBK, May 28.Arrived the Scythia
and Wisconsin from Liverpool, Bolivia from
Glasgow, Lassing from Hamburg, Ville de. Paris
from Havre. r
ST. PAUL, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 29, 1878.
HE SET VP THE LITTLE ARRASGE-
MEXT FOR A CONGRESS.
Everything Favorable for the Meetlng
Andraasy Defines the Position of Austria
--Js Excitement in Constantinop
OPPOSITION TO SCHOTJVALOFF,
LONDON, May 29.A St. Petersburg cor
respondent says a more serious danger than the
protests of the extreme section of the press
against Russian concessions is the strong oppo
sition against Count Schouvaloff in the higher
official spheres. This opposition has been
active for some weeks, but as yet has
had little succe&s. In this connection strong
presumably peaceful significance is attached to
Gen. IgnatiefFs departure for his estates. The
Journal de St. Petersburg publishes a very
peaceful article deprecating unfavorable infer
ences being drawn from Austraian occupation
A Paris correspondent telegraphs the guarded
nature of Sir Stafford Northcote's statement
made in the House of Commons, on Monday,
has produced almost consternation here. The
correspondent points out that the question is,can
England be content with the treaty being
placed before the congress by Germany, as
Russia's not placing it herself amounts to a
tacit protest against the principle maintained
by England. It is not thought, however, that
the difficulty is unsurmountable.
WHAT RUSSIA CONCEDES.
The Daily Telegraph in its leading artiele
says te-day: The cabinet council will decide
upon instructions to the British representative
at the congress. According to an understand
ing with Count Schouvaloff, Bulgaria has been
reduced to less than half the size first proposed.
Russia has already admitted large limitations
in Asia, and arrangements are in view to get
rid of the indemnity entirely.
QUIETING DOWN IT CONSTANTINOPLE.
LONDN, May 28.Affairs at Constantinople
begin to look less dai gerous. The advance of
Russian cavalry to Pirinji, which the Turks
understand to be an attempt to seize Tyrgoa
with a view of commanding the road to Kavak,
is now disavowed by Gen. Todleben. Gen.
Schouvaloff, who ordered the occupation of
Pirinji, is declared to have exceeded his authori
ty and committee! an indiscretion. The Rus
sians have withdrawn from Pirinji and Gen.
Todleben is said to be exceedingly careful to
prevent anything at this moment which would
cause suspicion or create irritation. The with
drawal from Pirinji and news from the
European capitals have so relieved the previous
tension that little fear is now entertained of
an accidental collision. Both the Russian and
Turkish officers are indulging in pleasure ex
cursions. The woik of preparing fortifications
is greatly relaxed.
LONDON, May 28.-A Paris correspondent points
out that the French government received early
information of the peaceful tendency of nego
tiations from Berlin, and dwells on the three
fold significance of this fact. Firstly, It shows
that Prince Bismarck has really contributed to
the success of Cauut Schouvaloffs mission and
meeting of the congress, and that is a consider
able step towards the conclusion of peace.
Second, That the relations between Germany
and France have entered a phase which IU it
self constituted a considerable element of
peace, and lastly, how happy has been the se
lection of St. Volier to represent the republic
at Berlin, and how his co-operation with M.
Waddington has contributed to the peaceful
BISMARCK DID IT.
A Vienna correspondent also remarks that but
for Prince Bismarck the congress might at one
time have been convened without England
which would have been worse than no congress
at all. This conespondent asserts that the
form of the present invitations which brings
the treaty of San Stefano before the congress
without necessitating any humiliation to Rus
sia or risk for England, was suggested to Count
Schouvaloff when at Frederiehsruhe on bis way
to St. Petersburg. The purport of the invita
tions is that the congress meet at Berlin and
discuss the treaty of San Stefano. Germany
by the fact of issuing the invitations becomes
a guarantee that the whole treaty will be sub
mitted for discussion.
WHY E BETUBNED.
A dispatch from Constantinople gives the
following explanation of the return of Mah
mond Damad Pasha to the Turkish ministry
The attempt of Abi Suavi to proclaim the re
storation of Murad to the throne so revived the
nervousness of Sultan Hamid about conspir
acies that Mahmoud Damad was called to the
palace and appointed Seraskur. The Sultan
felt, no matter how incapable Mahmoud may
have been, and how much harm his intrigues
may have done, hefesure of the Damad's per
sonal devotion. The Sultan naturally wished
to be surrounded by those whom he is certain
arc not conspiring against him.
BERLIN, May 28.The departure of Emperor
Frederick William for Ems has been deferred
in view of tho probable assembling of the
AUSTBIA AT IT AGAIN.
LONDON, May 28.The Austrian and Hun
garian delegation will meet thss evening when
Count Andrassy will submit a formal explana
tion of the government's motives for availing
themselves of the sixty million credit. It is
expected he will state that Austria only prefers
to take defensive and preventive measures.
The treaty of San Stefano contains several
articles affecting Austrian interests. These it
is hoped the congress will modifv in a manner
favorable to Austria, but nevertheless *it is
necessary she Bhould prepare for all eventu
AUSTRIA ON THE DEFENSIVE.
VIENNA, May 28.Count Andrasey to-day in
formed the delegations that the monarchy could
not allow itself to occupy a position of moral
independence upon other powers. The military
preparations were necessary, because if the
congress, of the assembling of which there was
a near prospect, should lead to a European
understanding, the moment .would have come
for changes in all the frontier relations which
might cause complicatians. The government
desired to strengthen the forces
in Dalmatia and Transylvania, to
strengthen a few defensive positions, and
secure lines of communication in the event*of
military concentration. It would strive for
the maintenance of peace and resolutely de
fend both European and special interests.
PBELIMINABY NOTICE RECEIVED.
ROME, May 28.So far only a preliminary
notification has been received from Berlin that
invitations to the Congress will probably be is
sued shortly. Gen. Ignatieff has left St.
Petersburg on a furl ugh. A telegram from
Constantinople says the Russia1
back on several other points besides the neigh
borhood of Pyrgos. The Turks have withdrawn
their outposts to this side of Belgrade forest.
BELGRADE, May 28.It is announced that
Col. Markovitz, a Greek priest, and six others,
were publicly shot on Sunday at Anjelovatz.
There i.*as a horrible scene, some of the prison
ers desperately resisting the executioners.
VOLTATBE ANNTVEBSABYTHE EXPOSITION.
PABIS, May 28.The Government refuses to
sanction any outdoor ceremonies on the occa
sion'of the hundredth anniversary of the-death
of Voltaire. The celebration will take place in
the Gaietie theatre. Next Tuesday a meeting
will be held over which Victor Hugo wiU pre
side. The opening address will be delivered by
M. Spuller, member of the Chamber of Depu
ties. A discourse by M. Deschanel will follow.
M. Theodora D. Banville -will read a poem and
Victor Hugo will close the proceedings with a
The number of persons admitted to the ex
hibiton on the payment of one franc each on
Sunday was 10,348, Poring the first week of
the exhibition there was 201,600 admitted, the
second week 259,400, and the third week
LONDON, May 28.A dispatch from Constan
tinople announces that Sadyk Pasha has been
dismissed from the premiership, and Ruchdi
Pasha appointed his successor.
EABL BUSSELL DEAD.
Earl Russell died to-night.
The Fraudulent Postmaster General
Threatens the Country with Bloody Civil
War. WASHINGTON, May i28.In lieu of personal
answers to the many letters received from
friends in the South disclaiming sympathy with
any effort to unseat Mr. Hayes, Postmaster
General Key has written the following open
letter to the people of the South:
WASHINGTON, D. May 28.Circumstances
attending the passage of the Potter resolution
to investigate alleged frauds in the Presiden
tialelection of 1876 in the States of Louisiana
and Florida, together with subsequent declara
tions of many influential Democratic poli
ticians and journalists are evidence that if both
Houses of the 46th Congress are Democratic
the majority intend to oust President Hayes
and inaugurate Mr. Tilden. The title of Presi
dent Hayes was settled irrevocably by the
44th Congress in the act creating
the electoral commission by which he
was legally declared elected and legally inaug
urated. The Forty-fifth Congrrss has no more
right to dispute his election than he has to
question the title of any victorious contestant
to his seat in that body. The Forty-sixth Con
gress will have no more right to ignore him and
to recognize his defeated contestant, Mr. Til
den, than Mr. Hayes would have to send a file
of soldiers to the House of Representatives to
unseat any Democrat whom he might consider
to have been wronfully seated or fraudulently
elected. The leaders in this desperate attempt
to Mexicanize our institutions rely confidently
upon the solid South to furnish the bulk of the
Democratic majority in the next House
of Representatives, the Senate being already
secured. Remembering the encouragement
which Northern Democrats in 1860 and 1861,ment
extended to the Southern States to secede, and
the manner in which their promises of aid and
comfort were fulfilled, can Southern people af
ford to join this revolutionary movement, with
the certainty that when the inevitabl hour of
peril comes they will again be left unassisted
and alone to meet the storm from the North
once more united by this attempt to levive an
issue whose settlement was forced
by public opinion upon an unwilling Con
gress. In the dark days of February, 1877, when
civil war over the disputed election was immi
nent, and patriots trembled for the safety of
republican institutions, Southern members of
Congress averted the danger by compelling the
completion of the electoral count under the
law which both parties in Congress had enact
ed but now the Representatives from South
ern States, with a very few exceptions, have
joined a movement to subvert the results of
their former patriotic action, and to remand the
country to that anarchy from which less than
two years ago it was saved by their efforts.
Grant that in permitting the autonomy of all
States, and in appointing citizens to office
in the South instead of strangers, President
Hayes has but discharged his constitutional
duty, does that excuse Southern representa
tives for attempting to invalidate his tiiyle,
which they established, or will it justify
them in bunging the country
again in danger of civil war
in an effort to unseat and inaugurate Mr. Til
den. The South must now face the most
momentous crisis in its history since 1861. To
endorse the recent conduct of their repre
sentatives is to admit the truth of the charges
that the people of the South care nothing for
the welfaie of the Union, desire the downfall
of the republic, and would rejoice to Bee it
again involved in civil war. If
their representatives have not re
flected their sentiments, as I believe to be the
case, then the people of the Southern States
should take care that in the 46th Congress
they are represented by men who will defeat
the distuibers of the public peace and prevent
the Mexicanization of oui institutions. To do
this they may be compelled to act independent
of the Democratic party. Recent events have
demonstrated the inability of Democratic mem
bers of Congress to resist the magnates of the
caucus and terrors of narty lash, the one wield
ed and the other inspned by men who seem
ilhng to endanger the welfare of the country
and stability of republican institutions for the
sake of levenge on political opponents, and in
the hope of dividing the spoils of victory. If
Democratic Representatives of the South could
not lesist the caucus command to pass the
Potter resolutiou unamended and without de
bate, how will they bo able in the 46th Con
gress to resist a similar command to ignore Mr.
Hayes as President, and to recognize Mr.
Tilden? It is therefore the duty of
the Southern people to afford the crowning
evidence of their united devotion to the Union,
in which they enjoy every right of citizenship,
and are subjected to no restrictions not laid
upon every citizen, by sending Representatives
to the 46th Congress pledged to resist at all
hazards the revolutionary schemes of the mis
chief-makers who seem to have gained control
of the House of Representatives of the 45th
Congress. To this end the people in every dis
tiict should meet publicly, organize and resolve
to su jport no person for Congress who has given
aid to this movement, and who will not pledge
himself to sustain the title of President Hayes
during the term for which he was elected
againht all attempts at its overthrow. Only in
this way can a grave danger to the republic be
averted, and confirmatory proof be given that
confidence was not misplaced which President
Hayes manifested in the South when he with
drew troops from the State houses of Louisiana
and South Carolina. I have spoken
plainly and earnestly, for I
feel that I should be unworty to represent the
South in the administration were I to remain
silent now. Invited to the cabinet as a South
ern man to see that justice was done to the
South, required neither to apologize for my
record nor to disown my political principles,
it is my duty now to warn the people of the
South of the danger which threatens the coun
try. No man need hope that the schemes of
the men who have engineered the movement to
unseat President Hayes can be carried out
without a bloody war. To avert this danger I
confidently rely on the patriotism and honor of
the people of my native section.
ISignedJ D. M. KEY,.
National Turners' Convention.
CLEVELAND, May 28.Third" day of the na
tional turners' convention. The committee on
platform, by-laws and resolutions submitted a
report recommending certain changes in the
by-laws. The following were adopted:
FirstTo abolish the office of President of
the United States and the Senate, the form of
government to consist of a House of Repre
sentatives, whose duty it shall be to elect a
commission to as the act executive.
SecondThe pievention of legislation on the
part of the States against the freedom of the
press or in the interest of any religious so
ThirdThe protection of labor against all
depredations, and securing to it of its real
FourthThe Government to guarantee the
sanitary protection of citizens by the super
vision of factories, the houses and
food of the laboring clases.
FifthThe establishment of a labor statistical
bureau by the government.
SixthThe creation of laws forbidding the
employment of children in factories.
SeventhAbolition of all land grants to all
individuals as well as to corporations.
EighthFree schools and gratis instruction
to the poor.
NinthTaxing of incomes and inheritance,
and the abolitian of aU monopolies.
TenthReformation in the administration
of the laws.
EleventhAbolition of ail indirect taxation.
TwelfthAbolition by the government of all
institutions and regulations regarding religion,
especially the Sabbath laws the abolition of
the exemption of church property from taxa
tion the employment of chaplains in Con
gress and Legislatures, the army and navy, and
all institutions kept op by taxation also the
abolition of an oath on the Bible, or other re
Ugiouacjreraojiies in courts ofJustice.
PRESBYTEBS IN COUNCIL.
Closing Work of the General Assembly in
PITTSBURGH, May 28.At the Presbyterian
general assembly, to-day, Dr. Strong, chair
man of the committee on freedmen, read a
report for the year ending March 31st, showing
49 ministers, 129 missionaries, 139 mission
churches, and 10,000 communicants. The report
also gives full statistical and financial
accounts of the operations of the board.
Rev. Dr. Imbric read a report on the oper
ation of theological seminaries, which was not
concluded untihuear the hour of recess. In the
afternoon the committee appointed to prepare
a minute on the case of John Miller,
reported through the chairman,
Rev. Dr. Welsh. After reviewing
the facts of the case and the action of the
assembly the report concludes: "The decision
of the general assembly confirms action of the
synod of Tennessee, which approves the resolu
tion unanimously adopted by the presbytery of
New Brunswick, namely, resolved, that John
Miller be and is hereby suspended
from the ministry of the Presby
terian church until such time as
he shall make manifest to the satisfaction of
the presbytery his renunciation of theories he
has been found to hold, and his solemn purpose
no longer to proclaim them." The minute was
Mr. Hatfield read a list of the ministers wko
had died in the past year in various parts of
the United States. The list numbered about
ninety. At the close of the reading Rev. Dr.
Beattie, of Steuhemville, by request of the
moderator, led the assembly in prayer.
The finance committee reported that 342 com
missioners had been "entertained at hotels
and boarding houses, at a cost of $8,687. Over
100 had been entertained at private houses.
The report was adopted. The reading of the
report of the committee on charch polity was
then resumed. The 30th overture was
reached. The committee to pre
pare a minute in the See case
made a report which concludes as follows: "Iu
refusing to sanction this appeal of Mr. Lee, the
assembly holds that there is nothing in the
proceedings of the synod of New.Jerscy which
entitles the appellant to a reversal of the judg
or finding. At the same time the assem
bly finds great pleasure in calling attention
to the enlarging efforts and growing influence
of women of the Presbyterian church in work
committed to the denomination, and points
with particular satisfaction and emphatic ap
probation to the noble record which these re
markable women are daily adding to their
efficiency and devotion."
Dr. Imbrie, chairman of the committee on
the McCune case, reported as follows:' The com
plaintof T. H. Shinner, D. D., against the synod
of Cincinnati in the matter of the Rev.
cune was fonnd to be in order and after being
heard, the vote on the same was taked and
stood as follows: to sustain complaint 243, to
sustain in part 7, to not sustain 57. The com
plaint is therefore hereby declared to be sus
tained, and the' action of the synod to be re
The session was extended half an hour to
hear the report of the committee on benevo
lence which was read by the chair. It con
tains no recommendations of general interest.
The report was read and adopted and the as
sembly after prayer adjourned till 7:30 P. M.
At the evening session reports of
the home and foreign missions were
taken up and adopted, and Saratoga, New York,
was fixed as the place of meeting of the next
general assembly. After the disposal of other
routine buBincB before the assembly, Dr. Jun
kin offered the following resolution which was
Resolved, That the thanks of this general
assembly be cordially tendered, 1st, to the com
mittee on arrangements for their care and as
siduity in preparing for the receotion and ac
commodation of the assembly. 2d, to
the committee on entertainment and
the railroad committee for their indefatigable
labors in performance of the duties pertaining
to their departments. ThirdTo the citizens
of Pittsburgh and Allegheny, for their Chris
tian hospitality. FourthTo the authorities
and people of the third Presbyterian church,
for the use of their church edifice and its ad
jacent chambers. FifthTo the local press
for their very kind attentions in making very
satisfactory reports. SixthTo the stated
clerks for the able manner in which they dis
charged their duties.
A vote of thanks was also tendered to the
moderator for the ability and impartiality with
which he prebided over the deliberations of the
body. The question having been put by the
stated clerk, the minutes were then read and
approved, after which the assembly joined in
singing, "Blest be the heart that bindB," etc.
The assembly was then dissolved.
Wealthy Condition of the Congregational
BOSTON, Mass., May 28.The forty-sixth an
nual meeting of the Congregational publishing
society, was held to-day. The aggregate re
ceipts $66,094 expenditures $56,955, showing
the condition of the society 16 per cent, better
than a year ago. Hon. Chas. T. Russell, for
the past 10 years president, declined a re
election, and J. Russell Bradford succeeds him
with Rev. J. O. Means, D. D., Secretary, and
Edward Gay, treasurer.
WASHINGTON, May 29, 1A. M.Indications for
the upper lake region, upper Mississippi and
lower Missouri valleys: Generally lower pres
sure, stationary to rising temperature, increas
ing northeast to southeast winds, partly cloudy
weather, and rain areas accompamcdin the two
last districts by local showers.
San Francisco Trying to he Musical.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 28.The May musical
festival opened at Mechanics pavillion this
afternoon to a fair attendance. The orchestra
is about 150 strong, and chorus 150. The pro
gramme of to-day was successfully rendered,
and the festival bids fair to prove a success.
AIX AROUND THE GLOBE.
Prince There is no truth in the rumor that
Frederick William has been fired at.
The Brussels hotel and six adjoining build
ings, at BmsselB, Ont., were burned last night.
The London Times has begun to urge the es
tablishment of a British protectorate over
Turkey in Asia.
An extensive forest fire in the vicinity of
Wareham, Mass, since Thursday afternoon, has
burned over four or five thousand acres.
A London telegram from Manilla represents
trade greatly depressed in consequence of the
threatened failure of rice in the Phillipine
W. H. Seener, ex-tax collector of Putnam
county, Illinos, has been arrested at Memphis
and held for a requisition from the Governor
of Illinois on the charge of embezzlement.
There has been no change iu the state of af
fairs in the strike districts of Lancashire, Eng.
The masters and operatives continue obstinate
and there is no prospect of an immediate ac
commodation of their differences.
With two or three exceptions all the print
cloth mills at Fall River, Mass., will, within a
few days, decide to run on half time for the
next eight or ten weeks, either by running al
ternate weeks or three days each week.
Jack Hughes, of Chicago, who, after serving
a term in the penitentiary for the desecration
of Lincoln's tomb, was rearrested on a charge
of counterfeiting, was found guilty of that
crime, and was remanded for sentence.
The bankrupt Chicago firm of Hadly Bros,
yesterday paid a dividend of 25 per cent, to the
creditors, and will probably pay 10 per cent,
more soon. Their offer of 40 per cent, was
refused by the creditors some three months
The liabilities of Hon. James Skead, lumber
dealer of Ottowa, Ont., are $622,000. The
principal creditors are the Merchants bank,
209,000 Quebec bank, $172,000 Banque
Nationale, $83,000. The two former are mostly
A telegram from Southwest harbor says:
Capt. Leeman, commander in the Russian army,
and the Russian officers left yesterday for good.
The paymaster, and two other officers, and
eleven sailors, leave on Thursday for Phila
delphia. The paymaster will return on the
13th of June,
irHm*j JIUWBM. l li|gjB
Lightning rod men are swarming all ovr
A new Catholic church, is to be built at
Benson, Swift county. -~.~^r ~r.
Three elks were killed in Pope county if
few days ago by Indians.
The Glenwood Eagte wants the lakes in
Pope county stocked with salmon.
Three saloons and two drug stores are
licensed to sell liquor in Marshall.
A large prairie wolf was killed in the
vicinity of Blue Earth city last week.
The Haymakers, of Clayton, beat the Bine
Earth city nine at base ball last week. 32
The Chippewa county school children will
have a grand celebration at Montevideo
On the 20th a little daughter of Wm.
Shand, of Tracey county, fell from a wagon
and broke her clavicle bone.
Marshall's herd of cattle, which were
penned up near Burns, got into a stampede
Wednesday, and six head were killed in the
The next annual meeting of the Owatonna
conference of the Congregational Church
will be held at Waseca on tho 4th and 5th of
The Lake Superior Transit company's
steamers will hereafter lay over at Duluth to
recuperate instead of Buffalo, as heretofore.
Scarlet fever seems to be raging quite
fatally in White Bear Lake township three
deaths 'occuring within twenty-four hours.
The annual convention of the Daiato
County Sabbath School association will be
held at the Union church, in Waterford, on
June 4 th and 5th.
People in Blue Earth county complain
that too much land in that vicinity has pass
ed into the hands of speculators, and im
provements are thereby retarded.
The Faribault county Sunday School asso
ciation held its annual meeting at the Pres
byterian church in Blue Earth city, on Wed
nesday and Thursday, May 22 and 23.
The amount of school lands sold at Red
wood last week was 8,300 acres amount of
internal improvement lands, 8,600 acres.
Highest price per acre, $13.75 average price,
A herd of 126 head of cattle, the prope
of a gentleman from Wisconsin, p*u- I
Luverne, Hock county,last Satu
Another herd of forty passed through
verne the same day.
An Ii no rant and SHgotvd Edttor AnMwereU
To the Edi^r of tho Globe:
MINNEAPOLIS, May 21st.No one can so
harm a cause as an unwise friend. In to
day's Pioneer Frets there appears an editorial
ostensibly directed against Catholics, but,
in reality calculated to do much injury to
the Protestantism it professes to uphold.
I hope the editor is acquainted with the man
he employed to write it, and knows well his
real sentiments, for though my own opinion
is that saitt writer erred through ignoranco
and excess of zeal, many other Protestants
of this city are firmly persuaded that he must
be a papist in disguise. The arguments ad
vanced by him to prove the falsity of the
Catholio church are so ridiculous, and so
easily overthrown, that it does look as if they
were set down to afford tho assailed an op
portunity of showing off as victors. I don't
believe it makes men a whit better to read
or write attacks on the religion of their
neighbors, but when a Protestant (if tyfr is a
Protestant) undertakes to break a lance
against lionianism, he ought at least to strike
at a vulnerable part. '-The Catholic religion,
though a very good nursing mother for the
nations, is now grown old and like a worn
garment ought to be cast aside." Did any
one ever hear such a childish argument? A
man ought to change his religion just as he
changes a hat or a coat. How Catholics will
laugh at tbis, and triumphantly assert that
we Protestants have nothing better to bring
against their cieed. "Behold," they will
say, "how to tupport Protestanti ru your
champions are driven to rake up o! I stories
a thousand times proved false. Pius IX
ne\er issued a bull against freedoia of the
press or the people. Ho condemned the
teachings of communists and such liko
characters, whose doctunes every supporter
of true liberty execrates.
And, Mr. Editor, what shall we answer? I
know well the Catholic papers will gladly
avail themselves of this chance to let in an
other blow, and therefore, on the part of a
large circle of friends I hasten to deny that
the Pioneer man has any right whatever to
speak for the religion he pretends to support.
Yours, A PROTESTANT.
Protectine the Black Hillers.
DEADWOOD, D. T., May 28.Col. M. V.
Sheridan, of Gen. Phil. Sheridau'n staff ar
rived here last e-\ ening. He comes for the
purpose of selecting suitable locations fo
encampments for soldiers now en route to
the hills. These camps will be established,
one in the vicinity of Bear Buttes, ten miles
from Deadwood another in the vicinity of
Rapid City, forty miles distant, and the
third on Little Missouri river, eighty or nine
ty miles distant.
It is thought these encampments, in con
nection with troops at Ft. McKenney, will
afford sufficient protection from Indians for
the Black Hills towns and routes during the
Forced to Succumb by Pirate Sherman.
PITTSACBGH, gMay 28.Kiznberly, Carnes &
Co., one of the largest iron firms of western
Pennsylvania, with works located at Newcastle.
Greenville, Aaron and other points in the
Shenango valley, failed to-day. The im
mediate cause was inability to procure a' dis
count, one hundred thousand dollars worth
of their paper having gone to protest last Sat
urday. Liabilities and assets cannot be ascer
tained nntil after the creditors meet, which
will be in a few days.
Tennessee Democratic Convention.
NASHVILLE, Tenn., May 28.The hotels are
thronged with delegates to the Democratic
State convention which meets to-morrow t
nominate five candidates for the suprene bench.
In point of numbers and intellect it will be th*-
most notable convention held in the State fo1
years. There are 15 candidates for nomination
five of whom are members of the present
supreme court. The situation is too unsettled
at present for speculations as to the result.
August Meyer Disturbs Miss. Brown.
Miss Brown "a lone lorn creature" living on
Lake Como road appeared against August
Meyer at the police court yesterday morning
charging him with disorderly conduct and
causing a disturbance. It appeared from her
statement that defendant on Sunday night
went to her house where she lives
Chaste as the icicle.
That's curdled by the frost of puiest snow
And hangs on Diana's temple."
He threw sticks and stones at the door and
tried to gst in. When he came first his wife
was with him he afterwards came alone. On
former occasion he had got into her house, cut
her clothing and stole some articles she said,
and she had been compelled to move to another
locality to avoid him. Defendant said in ex
tenuation of his offense that he was drunk and
when he is drunk he is a little cross and get),
mad. Judge Flint imposed a fine of flOand
costs, defendant saying as he left the court
with an offcer. "I will send the money in right,
rtHfiDnm win i