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THE STATE FAIR.
Auspicious Opening of Minnesota's Great
and Wonderful Exhibit.
SOMETHING TO BE PROUD OF.
The Spacious Buildings Filled With Ele
gant, Elaborate and Wonder
ALL OF THE GREAT ATTRACTION.
Rifle Shooting Already BegunRaces
iu Progress and Entertainment
THE PROGRAMME FOR TO-DAY.
It Embraces Trotting and Running
Races, Shooting by Carver, the
Shetland Ponies, Etc
Energy can accomplish wonders, but it can't
build a city and place upon exhibition therein
the products of the world. But inspired by
the indomitable will and energy of George K.
Finch, the president of the State Agricultural
Society of Minnesota, the opening ot the nine
teenth annual exhibition of the society at 7
o'clock yesterday morning, found such a won
derful feat almost an accomplished fact. True,
the hour of opening found much of the work of
preparation in an uncompleted *tate,but the real
work accomplished was something really won
derful, alike creditable to the fair manage
ment and exhibitors. The score and more of
new buildings were nearly completed, all suf
ficiently so for the reception of goods. With
in the buildings all was busy preparation and
confusion, though gradually, as the day pro
gressed, order gave place to chaos, though at
nightfall there was still a large amount of
labor to be done to get the exhibits in the dif
ferent buildings in place, and everything in
readiness for the proper reception
of visitors. Appreciating this fact
there was no cessation of the
work of preparation last night, but busy hands
urged forward by willing hearts, kept steadily
on during then ght, and thif morning will see
neirlv everything hape and the State fair
exhibition sin cessfully launched. That the
exhibition is to be a grand, bewildering suc
cess, the skeleton display to be seen yesterday
demonstra ed beyond a question. All of the
buiMmgs contain many features worthy of
special mention, but with the confused condi
tion of things yesterday, any detailed descrip
tion at this time wimli be out of place, and
such men'im is therefore left until to-morrow.
The fxliibition was formally opened at 7
o'clock jesteiday, at which time the gate-tend
ers and ticket-sellers their allotted places.
As was expected, there was no rush to the
grounds, but there was a steady flow of visitors
all day long, and at times there wcrj fully 2,000
s.ierta ora on the ground. The victors, almost
without exception, paid their first visits to the
stock stables, those containing the trotting
wonders, lUrus, Edwin Forrest, Lulu and
Great Eistern, being the mam points of inter
est, these staples being surrounded continuous
ly. The stables of the stock hone*, and blood
rd cattle, were also centres of attraction. In
short, though chaos reigued as a rule, as is
usual on the opening day ot such exhibitions,
there was a multitude of attractions to occupy
the time and fully meet the expectations of all.
During the day the exhibit of Btockwas largely
added to by fresh arrivals of horses and cattle.
La.it night the city was lull of strangers, in
dicating a very large attendance at the fair
grounds to-day. The programme of events
given elsewhere is well worthy such an at
tendance. Of greatest moment to Minne
sotians is the free for all for stallions
owned in the State for a purse of $1,000. This
brings together the two great trotting stallions.
De Graff & Hopkins, Alexander and St. Ger-
mainB Fearnaught, with Mr. Veazie's Capt.
Herod to make it lively for both of
them. Another atti action is the
mile and repeat running race,
between Lucy Lac and Young Race
Next is the trotting in the 2:28 class, filled with
a lot of flyers, who will make a most interest
ing race. Besides these there will be shooting
by Oapt. Bogardus, Shetland pony and elk
races, and other attractions too numerous to
As per announcement, the track sports to be
given in connection with the fair were inaugu
rated at 2 P. M. The management of this im
portant feature of the great exhibition has
been placed in the hands of the following
namd gentlemen, and judged by the manner
in which they discharged the delicate duty im
posed upon them yesterday, they are the right
men in the right place, viz: Hon. Wm. Mc
Kusick, of Stillwater, starting judge Hon.
John L. Merriam, Major Ben. Thompson, John
Farrington, Esq., and Mr. Adams, assistants
First on the programme was the appearance
upon the track of the king of the trotting turf,
.rus, appropiiately designated Royal Rarus.
He was led upon the track blanketed by his
groom, the blanket being rem ve just before
he came iu front of the gcand staud. By his
side of coure trotted bis inseparable com
panion, the little Scotch terrier, who acts as if
the entire respon-ibility for the safety of the
noble horse rested exclusively with him. Be
hind the horse walked the ever watchful cus
todian of the horse, Mr. John Splan. of Cleve
land, O under whose careful training and ju
dicious treatment, the horse his developed into
the istest trotter in the world Walked back
and forth in frout of the giand Rtand, so that
all present had a fair look at the noble animal,
he was returned to his stable. With his ap
pearance Mr. McKusick made the following
announcement: "Ladies and gentlemen: The
horse now being exhibited on the track is
Rams, the fastest trotter in the world. He is
11 years of age, weighs 960 pounds, and is
owned by Mr. Conklin?, of New Y. rk. He is
present here under contract with the State fair
management for an exhibition of his wonder
ful speed. This exhibition will be Wednesday
afternoon next, when Mr. Splan hopes he will
be able to beat his own unparalleled time,
The next event was trotting in the 2:38 class,
for which there were thre starters, viz. b. gl
Grape Vine, entered by A. O. Whipple, North
field b. g. Billy Boy, by Henry Kelly, of Du
buque, Iowa, and g. g. Gmy Dick, by H.
Adams, of Owatonna. The race was settled in
three straight heats by Billy Boy, who won
with such commtndingease as to detract some
what from the inteiest. The following is a de
tailed description of the race.
First heat Che horses got off on the first
trial, Grape Vine a little in the lead with Billy
second and Gray Dick a good third,
though the latter broke badly on the first turn,
and hef re he could be settled he was a good
twelve lengths in the rear. Grape Vine led to
the quarter in 39 seconds, but soon after pass-
mg that point Billy Boy took the lead, going to
the half in 1:18, the three-quarters in 1:56, and
home, without a skip, in 2:39, Grape Vine
Second heatA good start was got on the
second trial, with Grey Dick in the lead, and
taking the pole on the turn, followed by Grape
Vine, Billy Boy trailing several lengths behind
and well in hand. This position was maintain
ed until the half was nearly reached, when
Billy Boy was given his head, and
rapidly pulled to the front, and
he was not again headed in the race, coming
home an easy winner and under a strong pull
in 2:35%, Gray Dick second, Grape Vine thiid.
The hrat quarter was trotted .38, the half in
1:17, the three quarters in 1:54
Third heatIt took three efforts to secure a
send off. Grey Dick broke soon after leaving
the score, and continued acting badly until the
quarter was reached, when he settled down to
his work, and soon passed to the front. Billy
Boy being driven under a strong pull. Coming
into the home stretch Billy Boj was sent for
the lead, which he took about half way down
the stretch, and came home an easy winner,
Gray Dick second, Grape Vine third. The time
was quarter .40, half 1:20, three quarters 1:56K,
Billy Boy i i i
Gray Dick 3 2 2
Grape Vine 2 3 3
Under the programme a running race for
three-year-olds owned in the State, but by an
unfortunate misunderstanding only one of
the three entries, Lucy Lee, put in an appear
ance. Un der the circumstances it was decided
to let Lucy Lee run the course over, which was
done, the mile being made in $1:57^*. It was
then announced that the race would
be given thiB afternoon. The entries
are Lucy Lee, Florence Payne and Young Race.
These horses are said to be very evenly matched
and heats in better than 1:54 are promised.
Before dismissing the races, it should be
stated that the management, recognizing the
fact that the society is a State institution fos
tered by the State and designed for the en
couragement of a higher order of agriculture
stock breeding, etc., have decided to have no
pool selling upon the grounds. This is prob
ably a disappointment to many who like to
name the winning horse for a
consideration, but they must remember that
these races are "agricultural trots" in the full
est Bense of the term. To accommodate this
class Mr. P. T. Kavanagb ha*, in compliance
with very general request, consented to sell
pools upon the different races at the Metropol
itan hotel this evening. Mr. Kavanagh is
well known in the city, and parties investing
their money will be proteo ed.
NOVEL TBACK EXHIBITIONS.
Following the regular racing, Mr. John Bis
shopp, of Wisconsin, who has some forty head
of Shetland ponies of all ages, sizes and con
ditions, upon the giound, appeared upon the
track pith a pair of the diminutive animals at
tached to & small Roman chariot. The little
horses are only some twenty-seven inches
height, but are perfect in form, and as full of
life and tonbi'ion as Royal Karus.
Mr. Bisshopp, after driving in front of
the grand stand, slowly gave the little fellows
their heads, and the way thev came down the
stretch was amusing in the extreme. During
the day the stable where these hlliputiau
specimens of the mbl horse are kept, was
constantly smrounded by an admiring throng.
One little fellow, a three months old colt, but
little larger than an ordinary sized lap dog,
attracted especial attention. Mr. Chas. S.
Gren, the manager of the three great trotting
wonders, Edwin Forrest, i,ulu and Great
Eastern, fell in love with the little fellow at
once, and declares he will have him as
a stable compan 1 for Greal Eastern, the
largest trotting horse in the world.
Another novel exhibition was the pair of
elks, Dexter and Dasher, mentioned elsewhere.
These elks have been thoroughly broken to
harness, and are capable ot making their six
teen miles an hour, trotting as squarely and
handsomely as does Royal Rarus. Their ap
peaiance yesterday was, however, their first on
a track at an agricultural trot, and the crowd,
the music of the Great Western band, and the
general confusion, made the animals timid, so
thac no effort at speed was made. They will be
exhibited daily during the fair, and a fine
hibition of speed may be expected.
WONDERFUL RIF LE SHOOTING.
Between the second and third heats of the
2:38 trotting race, Dr. Carver, the champion
rifle shot of the world, gave an exhibition of
his wonderful skill upon the track in front of
the grand stand. Dr. Carver appeared with a
case of rifles and shot-guns, a barrel of glass
balls and a colored gentleman to throw the
balls in the air. The colored gentleman
with the balls tojk a position some thirty feet
away from Dr. Carver and his armament. Then
at a signal tho- colored ball flinger began throw
ing the balls in the air a distance of some thir
ty feet as rapidly as he could manipulate his
arm, the doctor loading and firing at each ball,
most of which were shattered. After thorough
ly demonstrating his skill in this manner the
glass balls were abandoned and a silver quarter
substituted, the doctor hitting it every time.
Then a metal ball was taken, the doctor
hitting it twice while in the air.
Then the colored gentleman was set to
throwing balls from the doctor as far and
swittlyashe could, but the lealen missies
from the doctor's gun was almost sure to over
take and shatter the ball before its fall. It
was, in brief, a most wonderful exhibition of
skill, and proved one of the beat attractions
ot the afternoon. The doctor is to shoot every
day of the fair.
Champion Wing Shot.
Among the distinguished arrivals in the city
yesterday was Capt. A. H. Bogardus, the cham
pion wing shot of the world, and his son, aged
13, the acknowledged champion of his age.
Capt. Bogardus comes heie under an engage
ment with the State Agricultural society for
exhibitions of his very wonderful skill with
the gun. He will give his first exhibition to
morrow afternoon in the following remarkable
The captain will undertake to break 500
glas,s balls in less then forty minutes, loading
his own guns. To use three guns of different
weight and calibre. A 10 guage, weighing 10
lbs., oz. shot a 12 gua^e,
weighing 734" lbs., 1 oz. shot a 20 guage,
weighing 5 lbs oz. shot. The balls to be
sprung from two or more traps, to be broken in
the air to count, and only one ball to be sprun"
at a time.
To verify his faith in his right to the title of
world's champion, Caot. Bogardus has issued a
challenge, $1,000 to $500, to any person who
will attempt to equal his performance Wednes
day afternoon, as announced above. To make
it especially binding he makes the odds greater
for Dr. Carver, to whom he offers the odds
.$1,000 to $200. That he means, business i
shown by the fact of his depositing $500 for
feit with Secretary Judson.
The Drag Hun t.
Arthur Lyon, Esq., from Fairmont, had his
hounds out again this morning running a drag
in the neighborhood of the fair grounds, and a
good many of our inhabitants and some visit
ors had an opportunity of witnessing good
The drag was started in the side stubble field
immediately on the north of the fair grounds
and the hounds picking it up at once went at a
rattling pace for about two miles til. some
thick brush was reached, when a slight check
occurred, owing to the return trail being laid
too near the other one.
The field (some forty horsemen) who had
straggled a good deal up to this point, princi
pally on account of the high fences, now got
together again, and on a cast being made by
the master the hounds again picked up the
trail and went oft at a pace that made the best
mounted of the field look after themaelv. s.
The fences in that part of the country are par
ticularly high, and we were surprised to see
the manner in which the horses of the mem
bers of the Fairmont Hunt were ridden over
them, jumping with apparent ease rail fences
at least tour teet BIX inches high.
One other slight check occurred in
theb ush close to the fair grounds, and
with this exception the hounds stuck
to their work well, the pace being evidently
too fast for some of the men who had come
with the intention of "being there."
We did not see any mishap with the excep
tion of one of the red coata making close con
nection with mother earth owing to a gopher
hole, but it didn't seem to trouble him as he
was mounted and in the front line immediate
The boys all report having had a good time and
intend to put in an appearance on Thursday
next when the next meet will take place.
This famous eagle has a history. He was
captured by an Indian on Flandreau river, Wis
consin, when a nestling, and subsequently be
came the property of a man whom the war
took into the army, a member of the Eighth
Wisconsin. Old Abe went campaigning with
that regiment, and served all through the war.
He enlisted in 1861, aud was mustered out with
the regiment in 1865. He is now 17 years old,
but sine the war he has been on the retired
list, and is drawing a pension, consequently he
nn't look more than 10 years of age. 'His
fab its have always been very reg
iar, exercise moderate, and he
ever drinks to excess. Like the old
attle-rent and begrimed Hags, he is the prop
rty of the State of Wisconsin. He has a
arger and more thrilling history than any
bird living or dead. His former master fell a
victim to the war. The gallant Eighth never
suffered defeat when Old Abe was perched
upon their banners. The old gentleman is a
prominent officeholder, yet he is to a certain
extent a sinecure bird, for he has nothing to do
but attend 4th of July celebrations, army re
unions, and by bis presence honor important
State and national events. Abe was Republi
can up to the Ceutennial, but since then he has
changed his coat and now looks much better.
This noble bird of freedom will be at the fair
this week, and will occupy a conspicuous posi
tion in the President's pavilion. No introduc
tion will be needed for he has met the Presi
dent on several occasions.
Yesterday afternoon Mr. W. D. Rogers re
ceived a telegram from Worthington announc
ing that over 300 peisons were en route on the
train for the State fair, and asking that lodg
ings be provided. Mr. Rogers hustled about,
found bunks for all, and went down the road to
Shakopee to meet the gang. He found that they
had been recruited from Sioux Fails and other
places along the route, and by ..be time thev
reached St. Paul numbered 400 persons. Ail
were provided with places to sleep, and will
visit the fairgrounds this morning.
The Tidal Wave left La Crosse 3 esterday with
300 State fair passengers bound for St. Paul,
and fifty more were taken on board at Winona.
She will arrive to-day.
Every tram from every direction comes
loaded down with visitors and the strangers in
the city already count by thousands. By to
morrow night they will count by tens of thou
T. E. & H. E. Perkins, of Red Wing, enter
seven head of Norman horses, among them
"French Emperor," a very fine stallion, and a
number of his colts. The gentlemen will have
their stock in their stalls and ready to be seen
R. Ogilvie, of Madison, Wis., came in with
Victor Hugo, a very fine Norman stallion,
weighing 1.800 lbs. He is eight years old. In
addition there are two Clydesdales, each three
year=, old, Robinhood and Joe the Banker,
weighing over 1,600 lbs. each.
James O'Farrell, of St. Paul, enters Hamble
tonian Chief in class No. 1 ffcr. State atalhons.
He is a dark bay, and weight l,200i pounds.
His style and action is very fine, and there are
no better bred stallions in the State.
"David Dinnie, Jr.," is a three-year-old
Clydesdale stallion, owned by J. W. Thomas,
of Racine, Wis. He is a fine creature, three
years old and weighs 1,560 pounds., "Lauden
Tom, Jr.," owned by the same party, is an
English draft horse, five years old and weighs
A Span of Klk for the Fair.
Mr. A. H. Moore's span of elk attracted much
attention on the grounds yesterday. Their
names are Dexter and Dasher. Dexter weighs
516 pounds and Dasher 500 pounds. They are
2 years old each, well broke to harness, and Mr.
Moore says so well trained that a woman
drive them. They wore captured on Rice river
eight mile3 Buth of Fargo, Dakota, when 4 or
5 days old. It is an easy matter for them to
travel sixteen miles an hour and have two men
and a buggy and it is said they can travel 100
miles as easy as a horse team can fifty. Their
antlers are in what the hunters term the
velvety btae. This afternoon they are to be
harnessed and driven to a carriage on the track
and so each day throughout the fair.
Ed. Bogart, of Winona, is in charge of this
branch of the great show. Mr. Bogart exhibits
a large number of the various breeds of fowls
and a cage of beautiful pigeons. Among the
number were several coops of. light Brahmas
and brown Leghorns, several ccopa of game
cocks, a coop of mottled Plymouth Rock fowls,
and others. They are all very fine birds. Fred
Johnson, of St. Paul, exhibits a pair of beauti
ful brown Leghorns,
Arthur S. Jones &Co. make a good showing
with half a dozen coops, including two young
bald headed eagles. These two birds were cap
tured in their nests before they were old enough
tospiead their pinions. They are now sixty-five
days old and look as healthy and as satisfied as
if they were on their native cliffs or above the
clouds taking observations of the sun. In this
catalogue may be mentioned a pair of part
ridge cochins, one pair of buff cochins, one of
white Chinas, a pairR ofc whitepair
ST. PAUL, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 3, 1878.
leghorns, one of
brown, a paiyrm of cilver-spangled Hamburgs, a
ok a each of dark
and light brahmas and a pair of bantams. The
fowl exhibit is quite extensive and there are
many more to come. A much larger house is
needed to contain them.
Additional Blooded Stock Arrivals.
W. E. Brimhall, of Ramsey county, exhibits
five head, two shorthorns and three choice
grades. They are all very worthy animals,.
Dr. J. M. Westfall, ot Rochester, (this State),
is on the grounds with eleven head of Davon
shires, bulls, cows, heifers and calves. "May
Boy. a seven year old bull, is a rerrarkablv
fane animal. Then there area number of cows
anu young creatures that universal
Wis. has nine
head of Devonshtres, including "Buck Eve a
two year old bull and a roval fe low. "Youn^
Beauty," a fine, cow, ranks next, "Cheney
"Fanny Third," 'Nettie Th rd" and several
younger aaimals, that show what may be done
-^a^sjassESSBssssai 8*8)W^HivawB8Bsgaaag- -^a
with that breed of stock in these northern lati
W. Powell, of Beeeher, HI., shows ten head
of this class of cattle. An imported bull,
Challenger, seven years old, weighing 2,400
pounds, is certainly a magnificent creature.
The others of the lot are divided about equally,
as follows: cows heifers and other young stock.
One yearling weighs 1,000 pounds.
Shaw & Bullis, Winnebago City, show seven
head of Hereford*. Prince, a 2-year-old bull
weighing 1,500 pounds, that is not surpassed in
the country. All these animals are very fine.
W. L. Ames, of St. Paul, shows ten head of
shorthorns, a fine Percheron-Norman stallion
and a large number of Berkshire pigs. The
stallion was imported in 1876, and is classed
among the finest iu the State. Mr. Ames'
shorthorns were taken from the pasture, and
therefore show what common keeping will do
for blooded stock Minnesota.
Hardware Hall Exhibition.
Prendergast Bros., of St. Paul, make a
magnificent display in this building of ranges,
furnaces, parlor and other heaters. Their
space is sixty-six feet in length, extending
along the north Bide of the building. The
exhibit taken together is certainly worthy of
more than a passing mention.
The Hall Safe company make a creditable
display of their fire and burglar proof safes
samples of material used in the construction
of safes, locks, etc.
J. H. Breidert, hardware merchant, St. Paul
displays a fine assortment of stoves, meat and
other saws, builders* tools, house scales and
P. A. Bergsma, contractor and builder of
St. Paul, exhibit* an interesting display of
mouldings, sash, doors, blinds and fancy
woodwork, from their place of business in the
The bench show building is completed and
in ample order for the grand opening which
will take place to-day at 10 o'clock A. M. The
interior of the ouilding has been handsomely
decorated and fitted up in truly metropolitan
style. Wm. Milliken, of St. Cloud, one of the
judges in the field trial, arrived last evening
with several dogs which are entered for the ex
hibition. E. C. Sterling and C. B. Whitford of
the St. Louis Kennel Club, arrived Jast even
ing with their celebrated dogs Boat, Clyte
Blakely, Duck and Erin second, valued in the
aggregate at over $ 100.000. This feature of the
exhibition has awakened a deep interest among
dog fanciers throughout all the Northwest!
The building has been erected and finished off
with great care, and with an eye to the best in
terests of the. parties concerned.
Those desiring to take part in the field trial,
at or near St. Cloud, will report to Superin
tendent Lincoln by September 5th, that ti as
portation may be furnished them if thev so
A skiff or row boat and a duck boat manu
factured by Leaman & Johnson, White Bear
lake, were among the interesting features of
the water-craft on exhibition at the fair yester
day. They were comolimented very highly by
fresh water navigators.
On the south side.near the far end of Thurs
ton & Bushnell's building, the ladies of the
German M. E. church have established an ex
cell nt eating stand, where hot coffee, tea
sandwiches, baked beans, fruits, candies and
other delicacies, together with the more sub
stantial articles of diet,can be had at very rea
Milo Carrier, traveling agent for Fairbanks,
Morse & Co.'s scales, was at work on the
giounds yesterday putting up a four ton plat
form scalethe standard of the worldfor the
benefit of the association, to be used during
the fair. In the mercantile building one is in
use entitled the Dormant scale, with capacity
for weighing 3,500. It is styled extra No. 4,
and is said to be the most accurate scale of the
kind in the world. At the judges' stand Mr.
Carrier has likewise contributed anotlerfor
weighing the race riders.
Chas. Friend, manufacturer of harness, sad
dles and other goods in that line, makes a pret
ty showing. Mr. Friend's exhibit is highly
creditable and elicits many comments.
Nicola Hgean, heavy hardware dealers, make
an attraokexhibit of wagon and carriage ma
terial, borsefehoes, nails, anvils, vises, bellows
drills, iron, steel, and tools of all kinds.
Tom Scott, of St. Paul, exhibits several fine
buggies, a cutter, and other choice articles in
his line. These goods are all very fine and will
attract marked attention during the fair.
Griggs & Co. make a fine showing in the fan
cy grocery line. Their space is large nd their
exhibit one of the best on the grounds.
The Minnehaha carriage works occupy Bpace
the centre of the building for their exhibit.
They have a number of pretty carriages that
are certainly very fine, together with other at
Spear & Ladd, Minneapolis manufacturers,
exhibit a prairie hay burner that is really an
ingenious piece of workmanship. In addition
there is a hay press for putting that article in
shape for the burner. It is destined to be
come very popular in the timberless regions of
Adam Decker makes a fine display of gran
ite iron-ware. His exhibit is in the southwest
corner of the building, and there are none
J. P. Allen, druggist and manufacturing
pharmacist, exhibits a fine catalogue of goods
in his line, consisting of patent medicines and
the various articles belonging to a first-class
Dr. Murphy enters the scalp of Indian Medi
cine, a native American who WHS hnng at Fort
Snelhng a number of years ago. It is a well
fanned scalp, and the long black coarse lock*
hung from it like the shaggy hair of a buffalo's
Among the attractions in the building of the
gun 170 years old
g" i mentioned, inownenovev the
Rob RoyerMcGregor, the renowned Scottish
of Rob Roy by Sir Walter Scoit. ihe gun is
the property of Mr. Mathe'w Taylor, of Tavlor
& Oraig, who has kindly loaned it for the exhi
bition made in the building by M. F. Kennedv
& Co., the Third street gunsmiths. Mr. Tavlor
is a lineal descendant of Rob Roy, his grand
mother being Jean McGregor.
Adam Stahlman, tfie celebrated caterer is
more than full of business. In addition to
headquarters, 21 Wabashaw street, where he is
always ready to feed, drink or smoke all who
may favor him with a call, with the choicest in
the land, he is managing three summer gardens
the fair grounds. These pleasant resorts
are located in the grove just as yon enter the
grounds, where can be found the famous
Stahlman beer, and the choicest of liquors and
cigars, with neat and acommodating waiters in
attendance. Adam never does things bv
The Northwestern Barley Crop.
MILWAUKEE. Sept. 2.Wall & Bigelow, com
mission merchants, this city, will i R8U to
morrow a circular on the barley crop of the
States of Wisconsin, Northern Illinois, Iowa,
Minnesota, Nebraska and Dakota. They have
reports from 26J points, which shows the cron
of number two. or good malting barley to be
seriously injured. The reports generally being
that there will be no number two birlev this
y*ar on account of wet weather during harvest
The average is reported 50 per cent, less than
PIRATE SHERMAN'S TRICK.
A Debt Redaction of Six Millions Figured
Out by Deducting a Cash on Hand In
crease of Thirty MillionsAugust Treas
WASHINGTON, Sept. 2.The following is the
public debt statement for the month of August:
Six per cent bonds 723,553,850
Five per cent, bonds 703,266,650
Pour and a half per cents 250,000,000
Four per cent, bonds 141,850,000
Total coin bonds $1,818,670,500
Lawful money debt .$ 14,000,000
\fatured debt 11,973,650
Legal tenders 346,743,256
Certificates of deposit 49,460,000
Fractional currency 16,351,728
Com and silver certificates 44,017,850
Total without Interest 456,572,834
Total debt 2,301,216,984
Total interest 27,890,917
Cash In the Treasury-
Currency Currency held for redemp-
tion of fractional cur
Special deposits held for
redemption of certificates
Total in treasury 300,002,881
Debt less cash in treasury $22,229,606,020
Decrease during August 6,475,504
Decrease since June 30th 6,681,811
Bonds issued to Pacific railroad compa
nies, interest payable in lawful money
Principal outstanding 64,663,512
Interest accrued and not yet paid 646.336
Interest paid by the United 8totes. 39,836,039
Interest paid by transportation of
malls, etc 10,241,749
Balance of interest paid by the United
Coiuage at United States mints in Au-
Quarter eagles 125,000
Standard dollars 3,028,000
LE DUC'S DEPARTMENT
Sends Outs It Addition and Averaging of
Guess Words and Estimates Regarding
oats and Tobacco. Although the Chiet
Is Hilariously Riding to the Great Minne
WASHINGTON, Sept. 2.The condition of
oats as shown by the August return of the
agricultural department, as represented by
the 100 average of July, is 101. The crop
suffered from the extreme heat and other un
favorable influences of July. All the Atlantic
States north of South Carolina, except
Massachusetts and Connecticut, show a de
cline, especially marked in Delaware, where
the average is but 70, against 100 in July.
The growth of the plant in some counties
was stunted by drought and caused to rust
by excessive rain. In others the crop ran to
straw, and the heads filled poorly. South
Carolina, Georgia and Florida show an im
provement. Winter sowing has given an
increased vitality to the crop. Alabama,
Mississippi and Arkansas show a decline.
Louisiana and Tennessee raised their stand
ard. West Virginia and Kentucky fall off
from their previous high figures. Of the
States north of the Ohio river, Ohio, Mich
igan and Missouri show an improvement.
All others report a decline also California.
The crop enjoyed varied conditions ot
growth in the Mississippi Valley and on the
Pacific coast extreme range of variation be
tween 70 in Delaware and 113 in Ten
nessee. Most of the States raneed between
105 and 95.
The twelve largest tobacco growing States
report the following averages in August, viz:
Kentucky, 80 Virginia, 80 Missouri, 95
Tennessee, 85 Maryland, 87 Pennsylvania,
85 North Carolina, 84 Ohio, 96 Indiana,
75 Connecticut, 105 Illinois, 88 Massa
chusetts, 105. The tobacco field of the
Connecticut valley is the only one that
shows an improvement during July. In all
other parts of the great tobacco field the
crop has fallen off or is in average con
NEW YOftfr QUSTOM HOUSE.
Organization of the Congressional Commit
tee of InvestigationSecretary Sherman's
Interest in the InquiryFernando Wood's
NEW YOBK, Sept. 2.The custom house
committee appointed by Congress, Fernando
Wood chiarman, organized to-day, and will
begin its inquiries to-morrow. Mr. Wood
submitted a letter from Secretary Sherman
stating that he regarded the inquiry as so im
portant to all the public seryices that he
hoped to personally attend during the meet
ings of the sub-committee with a view to
promote in every possible way the com
pleteness of the work proposed, and also
offering to the committea all the informa
tion within his department of directing the
custom officers of New York to furnish the
committee every facility for carrying on the
investigation. Mr. Wood then read a letter
of his own to Collector Merritt, setting forth
that the scope of the inquiry will cover all
such matter as the resolution will authorize.
The precise point3 of investigation will re
late to the practical entry of merchandise,
the methods of payment of duties, examina
tion of invoices and valuation in appraise
ments, the system adopted for refunds,
bonding, the practicability of consolidating
departments or divisions and placing the
whole machinery under one head, so as to
secure more efficiency, less complication and
less cost of collection.
The Provincial Parliament Memorallzes
the Queen for Separation From the Do
minion Wonderfully Rich. Gold Mines.
VICTOHIA, B. Sept. 2.-An address to
Queen Victoria, which passed in the assem
bly to 9, prays that in event of the Domin
ion government failing to carry into effect
the settlement of 1874 on or before the first
of May next, Her Majesty will be graciously
pleased to order and direct that British Co
lumbia shall thereafter have the right to ex
clusively collect her customs and Ixcise du
ties, and to withdraw from the union, and
shall also many event be entitled to be com
pensated by the Dominion for the losses sus
tained by reason of the post delays and fail
ure of the Dominion government to carrv
out their railway and other obligations to
SAN EBANCISOO, Sept. 2. Victoria dis
patch: The separation memorial has passed
the House by a majority of six. Rich di
mgs have been discovered in the Horse
Fly country, Cariboo. Chance miners are
making 940 to $80 to the hand daily.
INCREASING NEED OF AID FOB TBZB
Great Distress at Port Gibson-Memph is
Nnrses Exhausted-The Children Dying
The Ghastly Total at New Orleans
Death of Vicar General Millett-Scarcity
of Coffin Makers and Grave Diggers
Noble Volunteers-Liberal Relief Sub
scriptions-New York's Total Over $100,-
000 and More to Come.
MEMPHIS, Sept. 2.To-day opened clear and
warm, and with the little force of worker*
nearly exhausted. The fever continues with
out abatement. It is impossible to obtain the
new cases to noon, for the reason that physi
cians are not required to report before 5 p. M.
The undertakers report 48 yellow fever inter
ments up to noon, and the indications
are that the death list will be as large
as yesterday. A number of negroes, some
of them drunk, were before the commissary
depot this morning, and becoming riotous,
made a rush for the door. They were kept
back by the colored military on guard, but ft
second attempt being made the guards fired,
killing one negro. The doors were closed and
Gen. Luke Wright spoke to the crowd and
quiet was restored for the time being. The
committee is doiag all in their power to sup.
ply the people with food, but some of the ne
groes are dissatisfied with the manner in which
the rations are issued. Farther trouble is
MEMPHIS EVKNDfQ EEPOBT.
MEMPHIS, Sept. 2.The board of health
records show eighty-four new cases and fifty,
three deaths for the twenty-four hours ending
at 6 p. M. Alf. Watson, the negro shot by the
guard at the commissary department and re
ported killed is not dead but badly wounded.
The fears of trouble are allayed to-night. Some
negro agitators have been talking to the col
ored people, attempting to create trouble, bnk
by the prompt action of Maj. Wm. Willis and
other members of the citizens' relief eomnut
tee they were arrested this afternoon and pul
in the station house, and no fears of further
trouble are felt. Great difficulty is being ex
perienced in getting carpenters to make coffins
for the pauper dead and urave diggers, but so
far all the dead have been buried promptly ex
cept in cases where persons have died unat
tended in Bickness and their corpses were only
di-covered through the efforts of the health
officer and assistants, an has been the case in
several instances. N. D. Menken died this
NEW ORLEANS, Sept. 2.Deaths 88 new
NEW ORLEANS EVENING EEPOBT.
NEW OBLEANS, Sept. 2.Weather cloudy and
threatening. From noon to 6 P. M. twenty
deaths were reported to the board of health
office. Total deaths from fever to date 1,001,
including 461 children under eleven years of
c^e. The new cases include Willis K. Wolf and
Kobert Parsons of the telegraph office, and J.
M. Walpole, formerly of the Picaijunr. The
Very Reverend Jos. Millett, vicar general of the
arch diocese of New Orleans, died of vellow
fever at 5 o'clock this evening, after six days
A BRAVE TELEOBAPHEB.
NEW OBLEANS, Sept. 2.Dr. Stone this after,
noon telegraphed the Howards from Grenada,
saying that Butler P. Anderson is dying. Dr.
Stone appealed to the Howards to bend a tele
graph operator. His wish being made known
to J. W. Hunsaker, heat once consented to go.
and left on the evening train on a few minutes
notice, greatly obliging the Howards.
PETITIONS FOB AKMY BATION8.
NEW OBLEANS, Sept. 2.The following hare
been sent to the secretary of war: "New Or
leans, Sept. 2.-The Honorable Secretary of
War: We would most respectfully urge the is
suing of rations through the Peabody Relief
ossociation. The distress is terrible and im
mediate relief necessary. The contributions
thus far are inadequate. (Signed.) Geo. L.
Smith, collector of customs A. S. Badger
postmaster N. M. Marks, collector of internal
revenue B. F. Flanders, assistant treasurer."
New Orleans, Sept. 2.-Hon. Geo. McOrary.
Secretory of War, Washington, D. We re!
spectfully request that you will authorize the
subsistence department of the army here to is
sue rations sufficient to relieve the present dis
tress. (Signed.) J. MadiBon Wells, Thomas
WASHINGTON, Sept. 2.Representative Ellis,
of Louisiana, is here, and applied to the secre
tary of war for relief for the suffering poor of
New Orleans. There is no law permitting the
issue of rations in such cases, but upon the
representation of Mr. Ellis, Secretary McCrary
will assume the responsibility, relying upon
Congress to approve his action.
THE CHTLDBEN DYING.
NEW OBLEANS, Sept. 2.Weather clear and
warm. The deaths here yesterday include
twenty children under 7 years and to-day nine
BATON ROUGE, La., Sept. 2.Eleven deaths
from yellow fever have occurred here, four in
the last twenty-four hours. Many are down
sick and all business stopped. Our financial
resources are insufficient to relieve the distress
and we are compelled to aak the country to
aid us. Our people are meeting the situation
with great firmness. (Signed) Lion Dastra
POBT GIBSON, Sept. 2.Four hundred cases
and 55 deaths out of 550 persons remaining in
the town. About 1,200 have fled. The distress
is very great-the sick dying with no one lo
give them a drink of water. Some nurses are
on the way from New Orleans and Chicago.
Helpand funds are needed. (Signed) Jamea
A. Gage, president of the Howard associa
CINCINNATI, Sept. 2-A Miss Davis, from
New Orleans, was removed to the city hospital
last week suffering from yellow fever. Her
case to-day is considered very critical. A doath
trom yellow fever in reported at Franklin,
WASHINGTON, Sept- 2.In response to a dis
patch from Memphis asking for nurses with
yellcw fever experience, twelve ladies and two
gentlemen have volunteered their services and
a delegate from the Soldiers' home offers his
services and those of sixty-five other soldiers
of the Home to serve as watchmen, polije
nurses or in any capacity without comnensa!
WISCONSIN MASONS SDBSCBIBrNG.
MILWAUKEE, Sept. 2.Op to to-night $1,000
has been contributed by the d.fferent Masonic
lodges of this city for the benefit of the yelloawi
fever sufferers. ran
says remittances from country lodges are just
DETHOIT, Mich., 8ept. 2.-K*lamazoo, Mioh.
has raJned $700 the last three days for the yel-